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$o threatning clouds, whose fall the ploughmen Combin'd with flesh, and compast with his saints,
His words diuiding soules before his throne,
Redeeine the world from thornes and barren taints.
I n vaine then mortals leaue their wealth, and To watry showres that all the valleys fill.
(tame: The first that saw this dreadfull storme arise, Strong force the stubborne gates of Hell shail Was Catesby, who to Richard loudly cries : T he saints, though dead, shall light and freedome “No way but swift retreate your life to saue,
winne : It is no shame with wings t' auoide the graue.”
S o thriue not wicked men, with wrathfull flame This said, he trembling turnes bimselfe to nie, Opprest, whose beames can search their words and And dares not stay to heare the king's replie,
Exempt from sunny rayes, or starry quires,
Great pien no more are insolent and high :
on seas no nimble ships shall carry weighit:
D ire thunder, arm'd with heat, the Earth con.
[restraine, Which onder cruell masters sinke and grone.
Sweet spriugs and bubbling streames their course
A heau'nly trumpet sending dolefull sounds,
V pbraydes the world's misdeeds, and threatens
I n gaping Earth inferuall depths are secne ;
Our proudest kings are summon'd by his call
V nto his seate, from Heau'n with anger keene
R euengefull floods of fire and brimstone fall.
VIRGIL ECLOG. IV.
CILIAN Muses, sing we greater things,
All are not pleas'd with shrubs and lowly springs,
More fitly to the consull woods belong.
Now is fulfild Cumæan Sibyl's song,
Long chaines of better times begin againe,
The Maide returnes, and brings backe Saturne's
Thou, chaste Lucina, be this infant's friend,
[beare, Whose birth the dayes of ir’n shall quite deface, With weight and number they to ground him
And through the world the golden age shall place : Where trampled down, and hew'd with many
Thy brother Phæbus weares his potent crowne, swords,
And thou (O Pollio!) know thy bigh renowne, He softly ytter'd these his dying words :
Thy consulship this glorious change shall breed, “Now strength no longer fortune can withstand,
Great months shall then endeuour to proceed: I perish in the center of my land."
Thy rule the steps of threatning sinne sbail cleare, His hand he then with wreathes of grasse infolds,
And free the Earth from that perpetuall feare :
He with the gods shall liue, and shall behold,
With heauenly spirits noble soules enrollid,
And seene by them shall guide this worldly frame,
The gotes their swelling vaders home shall bearé,
For thee thy cradle pleasing Howres shall bring, x signe that iudgement comes, the Farth shall Imperious Death shall blunt the serpent's sting,
No herbes shall with deceitfull poyson flow,
But when thou able art to reade the facts
Of worthies, and thy father's famous acts,
Ripe grapes depend on carolcsse brambles' tops, Sweet children are delights, which marriage blesse :
Who wish to be vnborne, or quickly dead.
HORAT. LIB. II. SAT. VI.
This was my wish: no ainple space of ground, The pine no more the vse of trade retaines,
T'' include my garden with a mod'rate bound, Each countrie breeds all fruits, the earth disdaines The harrowe's weight, and vides the sickle's strokes;
And neere my house a fountaine neuer dry, Strong ploughmen let their bulls go free from yokes, The gods have made me blest with larger store:
A little wood, which might my wants supply : Wooll feares not to dissemble colours strange,
It is sufficient, I de:ire no more,
O sonne of Maja! but this grant alone,
That quiet vse may make these gifts mine owne.
If I increase them by no law lesse way,
Nor through any fault will cause them to decay ;
If not to these fond hopes my thoughts decline, Attempt great honours, now the time attends, Deare childe of gods, whose line from loue descends.
O that this ioyning corner couid be mine, See how the world with weight declining lies;
Which with disgrace deformes and maimes my field;
Or Fortune would a pot of siluer yeeld,
( ils vnto him who, being hir'd to worke,
Discouer'd treasure, which in mold did lurke, With expectation of the future age : O that my life and breath so long would last
Amd bought the land, which he before had till’d,
Since friendly Hercules his bosome filla) To tell thy deeds! I should not be surpast
If I with thankfull minde thi se blessings take,
Disdaine not this petition which I make.
And be my safest guard as thou hast been.
When from the citty I my selfe remoue
Vp to the hills, as to a towre aboue,
I find no fitter labours, nor delights,
Than Satyres, which my lowly Muse indites :
No foule ambition can me there expose The god with meate hath not thy hunger fed,
To danger, nor the leaden wiod that blowes
Fronı southerne parts, nor Autumne's grieuous raine,
father of the morning's purple light! AN EPIGRAM CONCERNING MAN'S LIFE, From whose dinine beginning inortalls draw
Or if thou rather would'st be lanus' hight,
The paines of life, according to the law,
Which is appointed hy the gods' decree,
Thou shalt the entrance of my verses be. In courts, hard questions, large contention inake,
At Rome thou driu'st me, as a pledge to goe, Care dwels in house's, labour in the field,
That none himselfe may more officious show. Tumultuous seas affrighting dangers yeeld. In forraine lands thou neuer canst be blest;
Although the fury of the northerne blast If rich, thou art in feare; if poore, distrest.
Shall swcepe the earth; or Winter's force hath cast In wedlock, frequent discontentments swell:
The snowy day into a narrow sphere, Vnmarried persons, as in desarts dwell.
I must proceede, and hauing spoken cleare
And cirtaine truth, must wrestle in the throng, How many troubles are with children borne ? Yet he that wants them, counts limselfe forlorne.
Where, by my haste, the slower suffer wrong,
And crie, Young men are wanton, and of wisedome void :
“What ayles the mad man? whither,
tend Gray haires are cold, vnfit to be imploid. Who would not one of these two offers choose :
His speedy steps ?" while mine imperious friend Not to be borne, or breath with speede to loose ?
Intreates, and chafes, admitting no delay,
The glad remembrance of Meernas lends
A sweete content: but when iny journey bende In euery way of life, true pleasure Howes, 'To blacke Esquiliæ, there a hundred tides Immortall fame, from publike action growes : Of strangers' causes presse my head and sides. Within the doores is found appeasing rest;
“ You must, before the second houre, appeare In fields, the gifts of Nature are exprest.
In court to morrow, and for Roscius sweare. The sea brings gaine, the rich abroad prouide The scribes desire you would to them repaire, To blaze their names, the poore their wants to hide: About a publike, great, and new affaire, All housholds best are goveru'd by a wife;
Procure such fauour from Mecænas' hand, Hlis cares are light, who leades a single life. As that his seale may on this paper stand.”
HORAT. LIB. 2. SAT. 6... HORAT. CARM. LIB. 3. OD 29. 19 I answer, “ I will trie:” he vrgeth still.
Base corne or darnell, and reserues the best,
My friend, I muse what pleasure thou canst take, That I with him might in his chariot sit,
Or how thou canst endure to spend thy time And onely then would to my trust commit
In shady groues and vp steepe hills to clime. Such toyés as these: What is the time of day? In sauage forrests build no more thy den: The Thracian is the Syrian's match in play. Gne to the city, there to dwell with men. Now carelesse men are nipt with morning cold : Begin this happy journey ; trust to me, And words which open eares may safely hold. I will thee guide, thou shalt my fellow bc. In all this space for eu'ry day and houre
Since earthly things are ty'd to mortall liues, I grew more subiect to pale Enuje's pow'r. And eu'ry great and little creature striues, This sonne of Fortune to the stage resorts,
In vaine, the certaine stroke of death to Bie, And with the fau'rite in the field disports.
Stay not till moinents past thy joyes denie. Fame from the pulpits runnes thro' eu'ry streete,
Liue in rich plenty and perpetuall sport: And I am strictly askt by all I meete :
Liue euer mindfull, that thine age is short.' “ Good sir, (you needes must know, for yon are The rauisht field mouse holds these words so sweet, Vnto the gods) doe you no tidings heare [neare That from his home he leapes with nimble feet. Concerning Dacian troubles?” “Nothing 1.) They to the citie trauaile with delight, “ You alwayes love your friends with scoffes to try." And vnderneath the walles they creepe at night. “ If I can tell, the gods my life confound.” Now darknesse had possest Heau'u's middle space, " But where will Cæsar give his souldiers ground,
When these two friends their weary steps did place In Italie, or the Trinacrian ile ?"
Within a wealthy palace, where was spred I sweare I know not: they admire the while, A scarlet cou'ring on an ju'ry bed: And thinke me full of silence, graue and deepe, The baskets (set farre off aside) contain'd The onely man that should high secrets keepe; The meates, which after plenteous meales remain'd: For these respects (poore wretch) I lose the light, The citie mouse with courtly phrase intreates And longing thus repine : "When shall my sight His country friend to rest in purple seates ; Againe bee happy in be holding thee,
With ready care the master of the feast My countrey farme? or when shall I be free Runnes vp and downe to see the store increast : To reade in bookes what ancient writers speake,
He all the duties of a seruant sbowes, To rest in sleepe, which others may not breake, And tastes of eu'ry dish that he bestowes. To taste (in houres secure from courtly strife) The poore plaine mouse, exalted thus in state, The soft oblinion of a carefull life?
Glad of the change, bis former life doth hate, O when shall beanes vpon my boord appeare, And striues in lookes and gesture to declare Which wise Pythagoras esteem'd so deare? With what contentment be receiues this fare. Or when sball fatoesse of the lard anoint
But straight the sudden creaking of a doore The herbes, which for my table I appoint ?
Shakes both these mice from beds into the floore. () suppers of the gods! 0 nights diuine!
They runne about the roome halfe dead with feare, When I before our Lar might feast with mine, Through all the house the noise of dogs they heare. And feede my prating slaues with tasted meate, The stranger now counts not the place so good, As eu'ry one should haue desire to eate.”
Ile bids farewell, and saith, “The silent wood The frolike guest, not bound with heany lawes, Shall me hereafter from these dangers saue, 'The liquor from vnequall measures drawes: Well pleas'd with simple vetches in my caue."" Some, being strong, delight in larger draughts, Some call for lesser cups to cleere their thoughts. Of others house and lands no speaches grow, Nor whether Lepos danceth well or no.
HORAT. CARM. LIB. III. OD. XXIX. We talke of things which to our selues pertaine, MECENAS, (sprung from Tuscan kings) for thee Which not to know would be a sinfull staine.
Milde wine in vessels, neuer toucht, I keepe, Are men by riches or by vertue blest?
Here roses, and sweete odours be,
Whose dew thy haire shall steepe :
And Æsulae's declining fields and hills,
Where once Telegonus remain'a, He thus beginnes : “ Long since a countrey mouse
Whose hand his father kills; Receau'd into his low and homely house
Forsake that height where lothsome plenty cloyes, A citry muuse, his friend and guest before ;
And towres, which to the lofty clouds aspire,
Thou wilt vot here adınire.
In pleasing change the rich man takes delight, Nor are the long and slender otes deny'd :
And frugall meales in bomely seates allowes,
He cleares his car full browes.
The Dog-starre oow his furious beate displayes, The father of the family in straw
The Lion spreads his raging ire,
The shepheard now his sickly focke restores,
With shades, and riuers, and the thickets finds Of rough Siluanus, silent shores
Are free from playing winds.
Sollicitous for Rome, thou fear'st the warres,
And Tagais va'd to iarres.
The end of future times in darksome night;
When them vaine toyes affright.
The rest are like a river, which, with ease,
Into Etrurian seas. Oft stones, trees, flocks, and houses, it deuoures,
With echoes from the bills and neigbb'ring woods, When some fierce deluge, rais'd by showres,
Turnes quiet brookes to floods.
Who saith, “I rest well pleas'd with former Let God from Heau'n to morrow giue [dayes,
Blacke clouds, or sunny rayés.” No forse can make that voide, which once is past,
Those things are neuer alter'd, or vndone,
With flying moments run.
Insulting in her sport, delights to change
And straight againe as strange.
Her gifts I lcaue, and to my selie retire,
Iu want no dowre require.
I neuer God with pray’rs and vowes implore,
To greedy Neptune's store,
Am through Ægean waues by winds copuay'd, Where Pollux makes me safely flote,
And Castor's friendly aide.
When Autunne from the ground his head spreares,
With timely apples chain'],
And grapes with purple staind!
Who keepes his limits free,
Or vnder some old tree.
The birits in woods lament,
Whence gentle sleepes are lent.
Vnpleasing showres and snowes,
To spares which them opposc.
The greedy thrush preuent:
With this reward content.
Which oft in loue we meete?
Of house and children sweete,
Whose cheekes the sun-beames harme,
Her weary mate to warme,
And their full vdders dries,
And meates vnbought supplies ;
Those fishes I neglect,
Into our waues direct.
Nor fowle which Asia breeds:
With more delight me feeds.
(good, A lainbe wbich sheds to Terminus her blood,
Or kid from wolues regain'd.
Themselues for home prepare?
Drawes back th' inverted sbare ?
(charge) This life when Alphius hath describ'd at large,
Inclining to the clowne,
Which he hath let for gaine :
ile puts it out againe.
HORAT. EPOD. II.
(As ancient mortals dwelt)
And debts bath neuer felt.
Nor angry seas offend:
Which great inen's doores attend. The lofty poplers with delight he weds
To vines that grow apace,
More happy sprouts to place,
In narrow valleys creepe,
Or sheares in fceble sheepe.
PER. SAT. II. Maceixos, let this happy day be knowne As white, and noted with a better stone, Which to thine age doth sliding yeeres combine : Before thy genius powre forth cups of wine; Thy pray’rs expect no base and greedy eud, which to the gods thou closely must commend : Though most of those whom honours list on higli, In all their offrings silept incense fric,
All from the temple are not apt to take
The left side of thy brest will dropping sweate,
And for their care receiue a beard of gold:
The glorious name of gold hath put away
This flesh, which casia doth dissolue and spoyle,
And with that mixture taints the native oyle:
And staines the whitenesse of Calabrian wooll.
Raise gold to more account in holy things,
As great Messallae's off-spring neuer lifts,
Because degen'rate froin his noble race:
A mind, whose secret corners are vastain'd;
AVSON. IDYLL. XIT.
Apollo cannot in a thousand find,
Secure what lords or vulgar brests suppose :
He, like the world, an equall roundnesse beares,
On his smooth sides no outward spot appeares : No such request to nurses I allow :
He thinkes, how Cancer's starre increaseth light, Joue, (though she pray in white) refuse her vow. How Capricorne's cold tropicke lengthens night, 'Thou would'st firme sinewes haue, a body strong,
And by just scales will all his actions trie,
That nothing sinke ton low, nor rise too high,
That corners may with euen parts incline,
And measures erre not with a faulty line,
That all within be solid, lest some blow
Ere he to gentle steepe his eyes will lay,
His thoughts reuolue the actions of the day,
“ What houres from me with dull neglect bane While many offrings in the flame are cast :
What was in time, or out of season done?
Why hath this worke adorning-beauty lackt,
Or reason wanted in another fact
What things haue I forgotten, why design'd,
To seeke those ends, which better were declin'd!
When to tbe needy wretch I gaue reliefe,
Why was my broken soule possest witi griefe?