The City of Ugarit at Tell Ras Shamra

כריכה קדמית
Eisenbrauns, 2006 - 179 עמודים

In 1929, a farmer accidentally discovered a tomb near the Mediterranean coast of Syria, about 12 km north of the modern seaport of Latakia. Initial excavations at the tell of Ras Shamra by René Dussaud and Claude Schaeffer brought to light impressive architectural remains, numerous artifacts, and tablets written in cuneiform (both alphabetic and syllabic), and the excavators soon were able to identify the site as the ancient city of Ugarit. Much of the material remains came to be dated to the end of the Late Bronze Age, from the 14th century through the 12th century B.C.E., and the religious, economic, and mythological texts from that era have had a major effect on our understanding of the history of the late 2nd millennium. However, by that time the site had already seen more than 6,000 years of occupation, and the data from Ras Shamra-Ugarit thus have become important as a reference point for the early history of the Near East along the Levantine coast and the eastern Mediterranean.

In this volume, Marguerite Yon, the principal investigator since the early 1970s on behalf of the French archaeological team, brings us up to date on the 70-year-long excavation of the site. During the past 25 years, much of our understanding of the site itself has changed, due to new excavations, reexcavation, and reinterpretation of prior excavations. This volume is the authoritative latest word on the data from the site and their meaning for our understanding of the importance of ancient Ugarit.

Heavily illustrated, including many black-and-white and color photographs.

 

מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת

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ביקורת משתמש  - slaveofOne - LibraryThing

This up-to-date, definitive, virtual tour and archaeological survey of the ancient Canaanite city is divided into three chapters. The first summarizes geography and history of the city, tell, and ... קרא סקירה מלאה

תוכן

The House of the High Priest or the Library of the High Priest
111
The Temple of Dagan
113
Quarter to the South of the Acropolis Temples
114
The Lower City
116
The Lower City West
118
Lower City East
121
The East Terrace
122
Artifacts Illustrating Official and Everyday Life
123

Palace Archives
43
Palace Annexes North of the Royal Plaza
46
The Palatial or Royal Temple the SoCalled Hurrian Temple
49
The House of Yabninu The SoCalled South Palace or Small Palace
51
The Northwest Area beyond the Royal Zone
55
The House Adjoining the Queen Mothers Residence
58
House with Sink Local Tavern?
59
The North Palace
60
The Oven House and Plaza
63
The Residential Quarter
64
Block 1 west of the easternmost section of Palace Street Fig 36
66
Block 2 between the easternmost section of Palace Street and Merneptah Street
71
Block 3 east of Merneptah Street
73
City Center
78
Access to the City from the South
84
Main Street District
85
South Central District
86
The Southern BridgeDam
89
South City Trench
91
South Acropolis Trench
98
Tombs
99
An Artisan Quarter ?
101
Persian Period Settlement
103
A Major Stratigraphic Sounding
104
The Acropolis and the Great Temples
106
The Middle Bronze Age Necropolis
110
Tablets Written in Ugaritic Alphabetic Cuneiform
125
Tablets Written in Other Languages
127
Seals and Scarabs
129
Stone Statues
131
Metal Statues
133
Stone Stelae
135
Ivories of the Royal Palace
136
Objects of Ivory
139
Syrian Pottery
141
Commercial Jars
143
Imported Pottery from the West
145
Syrian Vessels Related to the Cult
147
Funnels Related to the Cult Rhytons
151
Cultic Objects
153
Cultic Objects Clay Models and Figurines
155
Faience
157
Stone Vases and Instruments
159
Stone Tools
161
Gold vessels
164
Gold Jewelry
167
Bronze Weapons
169
Tools and Instruments of Bronze
171
Object from the Persian Period
172
Selected Bibliography and Abbreviations
173
Indexes
175
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