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in a Christian-like manner, at a friendly interview, shaken hands with Mr. Wesley, and laid by his pen. In the same pacific disposition he wrote to his principal antagonist, Mr. Fletcher, the three lecters here published; and he also put a stop to the sale of such of his tracts as this conteft had given birth to. It foon, however, appeared, that all this peaceable intention, and praise-worthy proceeding, was

moft injuriously misrepresented.' It was confidently rumoured, and affirmed, that he had recanted his sentiments, and had begged Mr. Wesley's pardon, for having written against his principles.

As this falsehood gained ground, and even staggered some of his own particular friends, Mr. Hill found himself · under the disagree. able necesity of appearing once more in public, upon the occasion ; not to carry on the dispute-but only to lay before the religious world his real motives for discontinuing it. And as these will be best seen by the private letters which he wrote to Mr. Fletcher, he has been prevailed upon to let them go out in their original dress, not having had the least design of publishing them, at the time they were written. · From the contents of these letters we are fully satisfied, that there was not the least foundation for the report that Mr. Hill had retracted his religious opinions; it only appears that he laudably wished for peace, while his opponents are for war.

This retiring champion of the tabernacle, however, like the Par. thians of old, is not less formidable in his retreat than in a direct attack. He here lets fly, at the Arminians and Perfe&ionists, one of his sharpet pointed arrows. He ftiles it their Creed.' He says he has composed it from their sentiments ;' and he adds, that he can scarcely read it without hoitor.' Yet he thinks himself justified in publithing it, as Mr. Fletcher still continued the controversy with so much warmth. Thus inftead of peace,' behold what · great bitterness t.' Art. 52. Religion a Farce. In a Letter to a Reader in the Uni.'

. . versity of Salamanca. 8vo. 6 d. Williams. :

This being a curious title to a contemptible performance, it may. require more explanation than it deserves. A schism having arisen in the established charch concerning subscription to articles of faith, a fly Catholic steps in, armed with a clumsy two-edged sword, to fight his way between the defenders of fubscription and the petitioners · * against such mental bondage. The Difienters, with some of Mother Church's own undutiful children, clamour about the right of private judgment; the Papists stand watching the event of the conteft, hint. ing, that if an act ihould pass to release the petitioners from subscrip-tion, there can be no reason to refuse Papists a repeal of the Teil : and when the church withstands these attacks, and defends her spiritual outworks by human laws, both her antagonists 'reproach her with intolerancy and popisa principles. In this country, however, and in this question, Roman Catholics ought to be set aside, as un. worthy of attention ; for when protestant liberty is in difpute, all professed enemies to it arc excluded, on their own principles, and can have no claim to come in for snacks, as this Writer expreffes it, with the clerical petitioners. Accordingly, when he endeavoured to deduce such a claim in the public papers, (the letters relating to + Ifa. xxxvii. 17. One of our Author's mottoes.

which compose the greatest part of this publication) the correspond. ence he engaged in was justly declined, as soon as his complexion appeared, and he was left to say what he pleased, as long as the printer thought his letters worth inserting.

From some indications, this pamphlet appears to come from the fame strange pen chat engaged against duelling and suicide in Are ticle 18, of this Month's Catalogue.'

N. Art. 53. Methodism a Farie. In a second Letter to a Reader

in the University of Salamanca. 8vo. 1S. Meighan. 1774. Another attempt from the above indefatigable hand, to start a Romilh controversy in the daily papers; but his ridiculous letters being all confeffedly rejected by the news-printers, he has had perse. verance enough to publish in spite of them, though they consist chiefly of expoftulations with the said printers, for their disregard of him. Indeed his style of writing, apart from the subject, was suf. ficient to exclude him; and for this he makes the following apology.

• h regard to the Atyle, which certain connoisseurs stigmatise him for, as being neither prose nor verse, he, once for all, gives them to onderstand, that, Plutarch-like, he of things, not words, is ever in pursuit; and that if a vein for numbers has, since the days of Roscius, to pieces for the stage no objection been, it should not be to his, if now and then perchance indulged.'

For the credit of the celebrated order of Jesus, it is to be hoped this emulator of Plutarch and Roscius was not of that brotherhood.

S E R M O N S. I. A Sermon upon the Turf, by a Saint from the Tabernacle :

preached at the last Newmarket Meeting. 8vo. 9d. Bew. 1774. .

An excellent discourse in the assumed character; though we will not scrutinize too closely into the Writer's pretensions to faintship. It is doubtful whether the Tabernacle will own a man, who appears to have too much of the wag in him to rapk among the long dismal faces that harangue about Moorfields ; though it is probable he is no (tranger to a pulpit of some other class : he may therefore at prefent be allowed a place among Poor Robin's finful saints, until he can make out a better cicle to canonization. The following extract from this discourse will fufficiently inform our Readers of his talents. · lt may be about three weeks ago that I saw a crowd, and inquiring what was the matter, I found they had made a ring, in which two men stripped of their very thirts, were prepared to encounter with fifts. I called out to them to suspend their quarrel, 'till I had communicated something which it nearly concerned them to know ; I prevailed, and like a blessed * peacemaker, so completely softened them, that they put on their shirts again, and parted friends. The other instance is so extraordinary, and indeed almost incredible, that if I was not able to produce witnesses of its truth, I should be unwil. ling to mention it. You know there is a diversion that goes by the name of cocking, in which the company are extremely clamorous, prophanely swearing and bullying, insomuch that a person with moderate lungs could not posübly be heard. At such assembly I was prefent, not prompted by avarice to act the same butcherly part with

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the rest; but, being earbest in soul-faving - I called out to them, withi a windpipe so clear and strong, that they were amazed at it: l'im. proved this first surprize to the happiest of purposes, and told them, they were in the greatest danger if they continued in that place five minutes longer, that in all probability they would be dead men : they were already † dead in trespasses and fins. I begged by all that

was dear to them, that they would follow me, which they did, with • the greatest expedition ; I verily believe that I drew them out of the pit

in less than halfthe time above mentioned. This was a pious fraut, you must acknowledge: and when I had got them out; I brought Inch arguments from scripture againft their cruel pastime, that they Thewed evident signs of remorse. Have you no'bowels of compaffion, faid'I, or do you think these subjects of your mirth have no feeling, that you shus riot in their wounds, wantonly provoking and firring them up to strife? A righteous man regardeth the life of his beafi, fo I Solomon said : and of his bird too, I say. Recollect, I pray you, that pathetic address of your Saviour, ga o Jerufalem, Jerusalem; which killest the prophets, and stoneft them that are fent unro thee, how often would I have gathered thy children'together,"as'a ben dorb gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not !! And was it for this, that the hen gathered 'her chickens ander her wings, that their blood should be spilt for your recreation? That with artificial wea: pons (O diabolical invention!) they thould tear and mangle each other, and 'die ten thousand deaths ? Did not Peter weep bitterly when the ll.cock crew? -For it reproached him with the denial of his Matter : and you deny Chrif, you act in opposition to his gofpet; which requires that you should be tender-hearted. In fhort, my expoltulations had the defired effect upon then, they went away with us, disposicions totally changed, so that not one of them would have trod on a spider if he had seen it. This was a glorious conversion, I. Thould be glad to hear that the regular divinės did any thing like it." 2. Thofe who wish to see his notions of jockeyship, and Ảow.he treats his black legged auditors, will not reper purchasing the sermon; though one of the Author's jokes has been to charge three-pence exi.' traordinary, with a view, no doubt, to presórve a resemblance to the odd prices of Moorfelds divinity: he understood fun too well to take off a penny or two pence, on that accoant.”. S

s STY II. In Lambeth Chapel, at the Confecration of Dr. Thomas, Bishop . of Rochester, Nov. 13. *By William Bell, D.D. Prebendary of 1 Westminfter, Treasurer of St. Paul's and Chaplain to the Princess "Ametia4to. Ps. Robson. Av i nguda

Never was a more unfortunate erratum than the omission of the little particle the, in our account of The Coblent Worthy of imita. tion,' is (in this instance) nonsense. Read the passage thus:---If the French piece, from which the present is said to be taken, is in ftyle and construction, in any degree a model worthy of the imitation, the English Author is doubly criminal, not only for stealing, but for robbing the Spital. i't Eph. ii, ii ' . ' I Prov. xii. 10.

§ Luke xiii. 34. Matt. xxvi. 74, 753

+ Rev. Deen po 485



For FEBRUARY, 1775.


ART. I. Of the Origin and Progress of Language. 8vo. Vol. II. 6 s. 6 d. Boards. Edinburgh, Balfour; London, Cadell. 1774. IN the first volume of this work (of which our Readers will

find an account in our Reviews for September and November 1773), the Author employs much learning and ingenuity in support of the opinion that the faculty of speech is not the gift of gature, but the work of art, or of habit acquired by custom and exercise; and that we are truly by nature the mua tum pecus that Horace represents us. In order farther to establish

this favourite hypothesis, he now proceeds to examine the na. p.. ture, and analyse the structure, of language, in its present form ;

in full expectation of convincing his readers, that such a regu"lar and artificial system, could not have been produced from the rude materials furnished by the first savages who learned to articulate, without the designed and affiduous exertion of much ingenuity and skill. for this purpose. i .

In executing this part of the design, our Author adheres to the scholastic division of his subject, which he had before adopted, into matter and form ; and first treats of the form of language, or words considered as fignificant. And here, though he frequently expresses his approbation of Mr. Harris's Hermes, his servile attachment to the ancients will not suffer him to. follow that judicious and natural division of words into princi-, pals and accesories, on which that truly philosophical writer has grounded the best analysis of language which has ever been formed. Instead of this division, our Author makes choice of that which is given by his magnus Apollo, Aristotle, into noun and verb; and adds, my reason for preferring this division is, that it refers, as I understand it, to that grand division of things

contained in the categories, or predicaments (the doctrine of · which I hold to be the foundation of all philosophy) into fubRev. Feb. 1775. . "....:

H i i . . ... larice

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Rance and accident. Under one or other of these two heads he has endeavoured to bring all the parts of speech ; but few of his readers will, we apprehend, be of his opinion, that he has done it without any ftraining or difficulty. One might have expected that Mr. Harris's analysis, supported by the authority of the ancienis, as well as by its own intrinsic merit, would have pafled with this enthusiastic admirer of ancient learning; but-he could not find it in the categories. However, though this work is too exactly formed on the model of antiquity to promise much improvement in the general theory of Grammar, we meet with many curious observations on the several parts of speech, with some of the most material of which we shall present our Readers.

Concerning pronouns he says, 'The pronoun is undoubtedly to be ranked under the noun; for it stands for the noun; but it expresses something more ; for the pronouns of the first and second person mark a reference to the speaker and hearer, as if it were said, “ This man here who speaks to you :” “ This man here to whom I speak." The demonstrative pronoun of the third person refers allo to an object present : thus, “ this object which is here present.” But the other pronouns of the 'third person always refer, not to objects then known for the first time, but to such as the hearer had been informed of by the preceding part of the conversation, so that they denote objects recognised or known the second time, and having been before mentioned.' .

In treating concerning articles, he explains at large the use of the Greek article; and observes, that it is prefixed to proper ' names to distinguish one individual from another of the same

name: to intimate that the individual referred to, is the same
which had been before mentioned; or to point him out as
being generally known, or of distinguished eminence. When
the Greek article is prefixed to general names, it points out an
individual person or object, with reference to some mention
· which had before been made of it, or some previous knowledge
· which the reader is supposed to have of it. It may be defined,

the prefix of a noun, denoting fimply that the noun to which - it is prefixed, is the same with that which was before men

tioned, or is otherwise well known. Under this head, after making an apology for condescending to spend any time upon modern languages, which he says • have grown out of vulgar use, being mongrel dialects, and the corruptions of better languages,' he remarks, that though the French and English languages have a great advantage over the Latin, in making use of

the article, they have no advantage over the Greek, by having · two articles instead of one : for the particles a and an in Eng. lith, and un in French, are really numerical words. . . Now,


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