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METAPHYSICS. Art. 42. The Spirit and Union of the Natural; Moral and Divine
Law. 12mo. 2's. 6d. sewed. Dodley. 1774. We have perused this volume with some degree of attention; but are at a loss to determine what principles the Author proposes to establish. If others are not more successful than we have been, they will derive little inftruction from these lectures. The following are some of the Author's general conclusions :
• There are no ideas of sensation without reflection, nor of reflec. tion without sensation.'
• 'The moral law was not originally, but came in with transgression; it arises from self preservation and interest, from compact and convenience, and of course must be different in different climates, and variable from the accidents of place, circumstance, and time, and yet good for the place and time being.-It is imposible to reason à priori, and absurd to enter into any controversy concerning the nature of a power.'
"The term moral is improperly applied to any of the attributes of God, because they are invariable:-- All the attributes of God are of another nature, different from those of men. We can never com. pare our atgributes, which are called moral, with those of God, since things, which to us may appear wrong and cruel, are before God right and benevolent.' - L A w.
Roos Art. 43. The genuine Speech of Lord Mansfield, in giving the
Judgment of the Court of King's Bench, Nov. 28th, 1774, in the Cause of Campbell against Hall, respecting the King's Letters Patent, of July 20, 1764, for raising a Duty of 41 per cent. on all the Exports from the Inand of Grenada. Taken in Short-hand by a Barrister. 8vo. · 25. for 24 Small pages. Kearlly.
Some idea of the general nature and grounds from whence this litigation hath proceeded, may be collected from a little article in our Review * for January last, p 69–70.
In this particular cafe, Alexander Campbell, who, in March 1763, had purchased a plantation in Grenada, brought his action against William Hall, collector for his Majesty in that island, of the duty of 41 per cent. on goods exported ; in order to recover a sum of money, which had been paid by the plaintiff, as a duty upon sugars which he had exported : and the action was brought on this ground, that the duty had not been imposed by lawful or sufficient authority to warrant the defendant in requiring and receiving it. See also the pamphlet referred to in the note, or our short sketch of it, as above. It appears, from a special verdict given some time ago, in this cause, at Guild. hall, that the money still remained in the defendant's hands, with the attorney-general's consent, for the express purpose of trying the question, as to the validity of imposing this duty, without the concurrence of parliament. Accordingly, this great and important point, is here very ably, impartially, and clearly discussed; and, finally, on particular circumstances (not upon the general merits of the
• Vid. Confederations on the imposition of 41 per cent, &c.
cause) judgment is given for the plaintiff: by which the island is freed from the payment of the above-mentioned duty; and it now remains to be seen what compensation government will receive on par. liamentary authority. Art. 44. Farther Proceedings in Fabrigas and Mostyn : with the
Record verbatim, and the Arguments of Counsel before the Court of King's Beach, on the Bill of Exceptions, on Tuesday the 15th of November, 1774. Correctly taken in Short-hand, by Mr. Gurney. Fol. 25. Kearsly.
Our Readers have seen a brief state of the former proceedings in this famous litigation, in our 49th volume, p. 398, and 507 : where we took notice that Governor Mostyn, the defendant, again't whom the plaintiff had obtained a verdict with zocol. damages, had been refused a new trial, by the Court of Common-Pleas. He then reforted to a writ of error; which was allowed, on the 14th of December 1773 ; and the argument, on this ground, came on in November last, as above mentioned in the title. The contest seems to have been extremely well maintained by the pleaders on both sides ; but the matter is yet ondecided. The counsel who diftinguished them. selves in these last proceedings, are Mr. Buller, for the governor, and Mr. Peckham for Mr. Fabrigas. Art. 45. The Necesity of limiting the Power of the Practitioners
in the several Courts of justice; and of making effectual the Law for taxing the Bills of Attornies and Solicitors. In a Letter to Alexander Wedderburn, Esq; his Majesty's. Solicitor-general. 4to. 6 d. Bew. Mr. Mawhood, of whose litigations and sufferings we gave some intimation in a former Review *, is the writer of this letter. We really pity this gentleman, as, though a man of spirit, he seems to be engaged in a very unequal contest. He complains of his lawyers, and boldly arraigns them at the bar of thc public, at the same time that he is still obliged to have recourse to them. What is the natural consequence of such warfare? What can be expect, but that they will form themselves into an impenetrable phalanx, to oppose and overwhelm him?
MEDIC A L. Art. 46. Observations on the Use of Dr. James's Fever Powder,
Emetic Tartar, and other Antimonial Preparations in Fevers. By William White, F.S. A. &c. 8vo. 25. 6d. Cadell, &c. 1774.
The great Boerhaave after labouring many years in applying the mechanical philosophy to medicine, and particularly to the expla. nation of diseases, (very few of which seem dependent on mechanical affections,) began, towards the end of his life, to perceive that the doctrine of fevers had been defective, and that something more than acrimony of the fluids, must concur in their production. It was Dr. Hoffman however who, overlooking the supposed defects of the pahve circulating fluids, first considered fevers as affections of the higher powers of animal bodies, (we mean the sensible and moving folids,) and particularly referred them to spasmodic constrictions of the ex. treme vefsels of the body, and consequent increased actions of the * Vid..our last volume. Consult the table of contents.
heart and vascular system, induced by the vis medicatrix naturæ, This change in modern pathology has been adopted and taught in the schools of medicine, particularly that of Edinburgh, where Dr. Cullen has improved it by many useful illustrations, (and some addi. tions, apparently founded in truth, with a very few exceptions) parti. cularly of his opinion, that debility is a cause of spafm; for to us the temporary suspension of itrength, observable in fevers, seems, from their remote causes, symptoms, and cure, to be rather an effect than a cause of fever.
With these apparent amendments in the theory of fevers, a considerable improvement in their treatment was introduced by the use of antimonials, particularly of Kermes's Mineral in France, and of James's Powder and Emetic Tartar in England; all which in conformity to the new and prevailing hypothesis, have been said to act in the cure of fevers, chiefly by a relaxing power, exerted in resolve ing the supposed spasmodic Atri&ture of the extreme vessels.
We have premised these reflections on fevers and on antimonials, as being the only subjects of confideration, mentioned in the titlepage before us; though on examination we find a train of other dis. cales, particularly phrenitis, cynanche, peripneumonia, pleuritis, carditis, peritonitis, gastritis, enteritis, hepatitis, cystitis, hyfteritis, rheumatismus, and arthritis, dragged into the book itself, and superficially discussed.
Mr. White appears however to have acquired fome, we cannot say a perfect knowledge of the improved doctrines lately taught by medical professors, especially those of Edinburgh ; and, to such praca titioners as are wholly unacquainted with these doctrines, his obrer. vations may prove useful : though, in truth, they afford nothing of importance which has not been much better delivered by others.
DRAMATIC Art. 47, The Romance of an Hour ; a Comedy of two Acts, as
performed with universal applause, at the Theatre Royal in Co. vent Garden. Written by Hugh Kelly, Eig; 8vo. Is. Kearfly. 1774.
Though this piece is not without sufficient merit to entitle it to a place in the catalogue of Farces, it has by no means any preten. fions sufficient to justify the contempt with which the Author affects to treat his cotemporary dramatists, in the Epilogue; and it is extremely whimsical, that the same Writer, who in that Epilogue piques himself, on owning his obligations to Marmontel, in his Preface, affects to disclaim the French novelist, and to derive his success from his own original stock of genius. The sources from which he has drawn are evident; and if he claims praise from originality of conception in regard to the character of Bafora, he ought to have furtained that claim, by an equal degree of originality in the execucion, wherein we think he greatly fails; having exhibited a simple gentoo in the garb of a methodist preacher. The catastrophe also is ridiculously precipitated, and indeed the whole second 'act much inferior, in every respect, to the first.
The Arlequin Sauvage of the Italian Comedy, might have afforded the Author of our Dramatick Romance some good hints; but perhaps, as
Cumberland disowns Shadwell, Kelly disowns an acquaintance with
Antiquity, supposed to refer to the Year of our Lord'1775.8 fol. is. Evans. Strand.
A fatire on the exaltation of Wilkes to the city chair ; written in
• Swift throng the citizens to free
Their law's protector from the law, ,
The city Saviour to Guildhall.
12mo. 35. Evans. Pater noster-row. Dialogues between husbands and wives. The women are all clever, and the men are noodles: the poetry very fo-so. Some modern characters are well hit: Nabobs, aldermen, jockeys, itock.jobbers,
trading-justices, common councilmen, and many others are satirically • exhibited. Even Reviewers do not escapes and to show our impar:
tiality, we shall select what the Author has so severely said of us, as
A Recipe to make a modern Critic,
The eye of a mole, and the nail of a cat,
For CRITICAL, MONTHLY, or any * REVIEW.' To confefs the truth, it is a provoking thing, that a man cannot write a bad or filly book, but he must be told on't by those cursed critics!-What golden times would Authors have, were it not for this generation of vipers! It is amazing that all Grubfreet does not rise against them, and get them totally exterminated by act of parliament ! Art. 5o. The Theorijls, a Satire. By the Author of MedicoMailix. (See Review, vol. 59, p. 314.] 410. 1s. Kearsly.
This Writer expresies great discontent, that we have on a former occasion placed him with the family of the Wellenoughs, We know Dot from whence this should proceed, unless it be from a conscioufness that he belongs to the Badenoughs. If this be the case, and if we have mistaken bis genealogy, we cannot blame his anger; for a true ancient Priton would sooner prove himself descended from an ancient Pritij hogdriver, than from a Saxon peer. From the Badenoughs, therefore, a numerous and flourishing family, we will fuppose that he is descended ; and, indeed, the following Badenoughio' cisms leave little doubt upon the matter:
P.8. What you advise would be my chiefest pride. Chief, good friend, is not a positive, but a superlative adjective, and admits of no farther degrees of comparison, · P. 12. Themselves unr.lighten d, what can they explain? Unnligh. ten'd though spelt with two ns is a sad word for unenlighten'd; if the double n was a typographical error, it is still worle ; for then it will mean nothing more than not disburtben de
In the next couplet offend and understand are sorry rhymes.. .
P. 14. And plain experience, in apparel triun. Every taylor knows that these two epithets are diametrically oppo.. Lite, and cannot possibly be applicable to the same subject. So, good Mr. Badenough, adieu to you! And when you next ,,
- -- Leave Sanctorius for an idle song, , Bring no more suggestions of bribery against the Reviewers; for, be assured, this is only a small part of the flagellation they have in store for you.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.. Art. 1. Three Letters, written by Richard Hiil, Esq; to the
Rev. J. Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, in 1773, setting forth Mr. · Hill's Reasons for declining any further Controversy relative to Mr. Wesley's Principles. 8vo. 6 d. Dilly, &c.
What! more finishing frokes +!-But, the occasion, we fee, is fair; Mr. Hill seems to have found sufficient cause for the present publication. He had, it appears, resolved, on very commendable principles, to quit entirely this field of controversy; and he had,
• What! any ? Even a good one? Who could have expected tigsfrom such thiftles ?
t Sec Review, vol. xlviii. March 1733, p. 240.