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the corrofive-sublimate, and Stork the deadly influence of hem, lock. Besides, our Author is not the first physician who has given arsenic as an internal remedy: Jacobi administered it in all fevers, and more efpecially in intermitting ones; and Pit. cairn, Zacutus Lufitanus, and several other celebrated praéti, tioners have employed it in the dysentery. He is, indeed, the first, who has used it internally in the cure of cancers ; for though Fallopius, Penot, Theodoric, Valescus, and others made use of it as a topical application to cancerous ulcers, yet they only employed it as a caustic and frequently mixed it with çorrosive. fublimate, M. LE FEBURE therefore, in his method, has, at least, the merit of originality and invention, fince it is to the specific virtue of arsenic that he attributes the cure of the cancer. He does not, indeed, tell us what property of this mineral it is, that produces such a salutary effect, and be even thinks, that it is beyond the reach of the human underftanding, generally speaking, to explain the action or operation of specifics, properly so called : and as to his conjectures, on this head, he designs to withhold them, until the efficacy of his remedy be ascertained by a ftill greater qumber of ex. periments than have yet been made.

IX. Mr. GOULIN continues, with success, his ancient and modern History of Physic and Physicians, of which two sheets are published every fortnight in 4to. under the following uitle: Memoires Litteraires, Critiques, Philofopbiques, · Biograpbiques, Bibliographiques, pour servir à l'Hifcire ancienne & moderne de la Medecine, à Paris chez Pire & Bastien Libraires. M. GOULIN has been employed 15 years in preparing materials for this curious and important work, in which the physician will find an interesting account of his predecessors in the art of healing, of the transactions of their lives, the success of their practice, the honours they received, the discoveries they made, and the works they composed.

X. Mr. TURPIN (ecce. iterum Crispinus!) has assumed the character of the French Plutarch, in the following work, which may be considered as a monument raised to the glory of the illuftrious men that have shone in the French annals : La France, illufire ou le Plutarque Francais; contenant l'Histoire des Generaux des Ministres & des Magistrats, par M. TURPIN, vol. in 8vo. à Paris, chez Lacombe. This work is to be publifhed in nun. bers, monthly ; each number will be adorned with the portrait of the person, whose history it contains, and a thirteenth num. ber will be annually published (and given gratis to subscribers) comprehending an account of the learned men and artists, who Were contemporary with the heroes or statesmen, whose history has occupied the twelve numbers, or the year preceding. We know not why Mr. TURPIN begins his work with the great


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it of hero exhibited tovered, feared, aneived the incong

of Fresas Fontenoho revered, is a Saron, e this work, we find a

right to in the country of, fhis is a nine

men that adorned the reign of Lewis XV. unless he be fond of writing backward, or apprehensive that the modern worthies would appear only like pigmies to the view of the Reader, whose imagination had been swelling and glowing with the admiration excited by the Bourbons, the Montmorencies, the Bayards, the Colignis, &c. He had a mind to place the moderns first, that they might draw fome attention before the mind was 'occupied by nobler objects. But this is not all: for we find a fort of a bull committed, at the entrance of this work, as the first French hero exhibited to view is a Saxon, even the famous Marthal De Saxe, who revered, feared, and repuhed the Britisha legions at Fontenoy. Our Author perceived the incongruity of Frenchifying this hardy, nervous, brawny, valiant, and vićtorious German, and not willing to own that the sterility of the period at home set him on recruiting abroad, he excuses himfelf in the following manner : " Though Maurice Count de Saxe was born in a foreign country, yet France which HE ADOPTED (this rather makes France a Saxon lady, than Maurice a Frenchman,—the adoption coming from the wrong side makes another bull) yet France, which he adopted and rendered victorious has a right to inscribe his name in her annals, and to count him among her heroes !--The country of a great man is that region which has been the theatre of his glory.This is a new scheme of patriotic genealogy. However that may be, the life of Marlal Saxe is written in a manner that gives a promising prospect with respect to the merit of the work in general. " The anecdotes are in teresting, the refexions often pertinent, and feldom trivial, and the style is animated and elegant. Mr. Turpin feems, really, to have imbibed fome of the best parts of the spirit of Plutarch, his model. The subscribers to this work pay yearly 30 livres (about one pound and a half English) for the thirteen numbers.

XI. Annales du Regne de Marie Therese, Imperatrice Douariére, Reine de Hongrie & de Boheme, &c. par M. FROMAGEOT, Prieur Commendataire, &c. in 410 and 8vo. This is one of those tinsel productions, of whose demerit it is the duty of a Reviewer to inform the too credulous and unwary reader. The French journalifts have celebrated this insipid, frothy, mass of adulation, which is set down before the Queen, to whom it is dedicated, and which nothing but filial affection can hinder from turning her Majesty's stomach.

XII. We mentioned in our last Review the important work of that celebrated botanist and naturalist, Mr. Buchoz. The copper-plates relative to that Work are published quarterly. Each number contains hitherto 24 Theets. The fecond number is now before us, and is entirely taken up with Chinese plants ; of which the greatest part are, as yet, unknown in Europe. One of those favourable circumstances, that rarely


happen, bappen, furnished Mr. Buchoz with this curious and inestimable part of his vegetable treasure. A miffionary, desirous of forming a complete collection of drawings of Chinese plants, shrubs, and trees, had recourse, for that purpose, during a long course of years, to all the botanical books of that country, to the inoft learned physicians, naturalists, and botanists of the court, and adding all these helps to the fruits of his own observations, he employed able painters to draw the figures of the plants which came to his knowledge in these laborious researches, and the work which he completed in consequence of all these affiftances is deposited in the Emperor's library at Pekin. It is from this valuable collection, of which there are no copies existing, not even in China, that Mr. Buchoz has taken the drawings of the Chinese plants, contained in this second number, in the last page of which he has engraven the names of these plants in Chi, nese characters, so that ihe curious may know how to procure them, if they be inclined to try them in a European soil.

XIII. A metaphysican, who holds a distinguished rank among those who cultivate that branch of philosophy, has published at Paris a work, entitled, De la Connoissance de l'homme dans fon être & dans les rapports : i.e. Concerning the knowledge of Man, considered in his Nature and in his Relations, by the Abbé Joannet, Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Belles Letters of Nancy, 2 vols. in 8vo. There is depth and perspicuity in this work, and the Author seems to have digested the best writers on this interesting subject. It is odd that man has been stalking for near fix thousand years on this globe, and remains yet unknown; and it is still more odd that one man must read the book of another to know what passes within himself.

XIV. Lettres & Reflexions sur la Fureur du jeu : i. e. Let. ters and Reflexions on the Pasion for Gaming, by Mr. DUSAULX, Member of the Academy of Inscriptions and Belle's Lettres, in 8vo. Paris, 1775. This book, which describes with all the powers of good sense, virtuous feeling, and benevolent zeal, the ab surdity, the inhumanity, and the complicated horrors of the ignoble passion for gaming, deserves to be translated into all languages. It contains reflexions and facts that must couch every ingenuous mind, and must alarm even the habitual game. fter, if his heart is not yet arrived at the very last degree of profligacy and degradation. • XV. Discours sur lEducation prononcés au College Royal de Rouen, &c. i. e. Discourses upon Education, delivered in the Royal College at Rouan ; to which are subjoined, Reflexions upon Friendthip, by Mr. AUGEń, Professor of Eloquence in ihat College, &c. in izmo. Paris, 1775. Notwithstanding the innumerable treatises which have been published on this subject, in all na. sions and languages, without any visible change for the better

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in the practice of modern Mentors, or in the morals and manners
of their pupils, these Discourses deserve to be read. They are
composed with spirit, taste, and judgment.' They discover a
thorough acquaintance with the subject, and a warm and well.
directed zeal for the true happiness of the rising generation;
they are enriched with a variety of moral portraits, in which
the Author has catched the manners living as they rise, and they
are accompanied with notes. The Reflexions upon Friendship,
subjoined to these Discourses, are judicious, and discover an ex-
tensive knowledge of human nature and human life.

N. B. For want of room we must reserve for a succeeding num-
her, the literary news of Germany, Italy, Switzerland, &c.
. (To be continued Monibly.]

For J U N E, 1775.

Art. 18. A candid Examination of the mutual Claims of Great Brie

?ain and the Colonies : With a Plan of Accommodation on. Confti-
tucional Principles. 8vo. 1 8. Richardson and Urquhart, 1775.
THIS pamphlet (imported from New York) has been advertised

1 as the production of Mr. Galloway, one of the Delegates (for
Pennsylvania) in the late American congress; and we have other-
wise fufficient authority not only to ascribe it to that gentlemen, but
to consider it as the effect of illiberal motives and unworthy paslions.
In this we are warranted, not only by facts of general notoriety, but
by many indiscreet expressions in the pamphlet itself.

As some extenuation, however, of Mr. Galloway's misconduct, it may be proper to remark that he was sent to the late Congress under impreslions of disgust at the loss of his former popularity, and of envy for the applause bestowed on his rival antagonist Mr. DickenJon. And being emulous of popular fame, he proposed a plan for establishing a political union between Great Britain and the Colopies, by instituting an American House of Commons, to be assembled on that continent, with a right of confirming and rejecting all acts and grants of Parliament made to bind the Colonies. This plan, (which we gave at large in our Review for March) was not approved by the Congress; some of whom thought it too great an innovation to be admitted by Parliament, and others were apprehensive (with how much reason we pretend not to determine) that the execution of it might be dangerous to the freedom of America.

We are told by the Author, that this plan, read, and warmly fee conded by several gentlemen of the first abilities, after a long debate, was so far approved as to be thought worthy of further confideration, and referred under a rule for that purpose, by a majority of the Colonies. Under this promising aspect of things, and an ex. pectation that the rule would have been regarded, or at least that something racional would cake place to reconcile our unhappy differences, the member proposing it was weakly led to sign the non


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importation agreement, although he had uniformly oppofed it ; bat to this he was disappointed. The measures of independence and fedi. tion were soon after preferred to those of harmony and liberty; and no arguments, however reasonable and just, could prevail on a ma. jority of the Colonies to desert them. The resolve, plan, and rule teferring them to further confideration, so inconsiftent with the mea. fures now resolved on, were expunged from the minutes ; with what view let America determine.'

The real truth, however, is, that one of the Author's friends moved to have the plan committed, which motion was rejected; and it was next moved that the plan might lie on the table to be taken up at any future day; this was granted ; but nothing being done in consequence thereof, it was resolved by a great majority in revising the minutes at the close of the sesion, that the plan Thould be obli. terated from the journals of the Congress.—This proceeding was highly resented by the Author, and co-operating with his former emotions of envy and disappointment, seems to have rendered him an enemy to those measures which he had before folemnly bound himself and his constituents to support and obferve.

To reprobate the proceedings of the Congress, is, therefore, a prin. cipal object of the pamphlet onder confideration ; and for this purpose the Author labours to maintain the unlimited fupremacy of Par. liament over all the dominions of the Crown, by arguments which have been often alleged, and sufficiently answered. · This part of the performance ought, for the sake of consistency, to have been wholly suppressed. . .

We have been aurbentically informed that, during the fefhon of the Congress, Mr G- strongly denied the right of Parliament to bind the Colonies in any cafe whatever ; alleging, as a principal foundation of English liberty, that the People are entitled to participate in the power of making those laws, and of impofing those taxes, by which they are bound : that the Colonies have no such participa. tion in the authority of Parliament; and therefore that they could not be juftly bound by its acts, until they should be secured in the privilege of assenting to, or dissenting from, the laws and pecuniary grants of parliament.-And as it was judged impracticable for the Colonies to send representatives to Great Britain, he from these premifes inferred and supported the expediency of his plan for afsembling a ditin&t House of Representatives in America, as an appen. dage to the British House of Commons. Every thing therefore which Mr. Galloway alleges in the pamphlet ander confideration, to fup. port and justify his plan of union, must be incompatible with his doctrine of parliamentary supremacy : for if the British Parliament, as now constituted, be competently qualified to exercise the powers of legislation and taxation over all the dominions of the Crown, Mr. Galloway's plan for compelling Great Britain, by a suspension of commerce, to allow Representatives of the Colonies a right of fepa fately confirming or rejecting all acts of Parliament extending to America, must have been altogether indefenfible. So long however as there was any hope that the Congress would adopt this plan, he was confeffedly ready to support all other measures for distretting the British government, and refifting the acts of that Parliament whose


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