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is considered, in what light can it be regarded but as a saving clause thrown in, perhaps, to avoid prosecution; or, at least, as a mere accommodation to the present constitution of govern, ment? Certainly Dr. Shebbeare cannot now be looked upon as a Jacobice. His motives of conversion have been too powerful to be relisted. But if sentiments like his had been adhered to, King George the Third, to whose munificence our Author is so highly obliged, would never have adorned the throne of these realms.

The Doctor's principles are apparent, not only from his ma-, lignancy against King William and Queen Mary, but, likewise, from the evident partiality which he shews to the papists, and his prodigious animosity to all whigs and diffenters, with out exception. The manner in which he speaks of the Refor. mation, would incline one to believe that, in his heart, he is little better than a Roman Catholic. We refer our Readers to pages 137, 8, 9, 140. 142, 3, 5, 6. and 176.

As to the disenters, we do not recollect that any thing equally virulent against them was written, in the reigns of King Charles and King James the Second, even by the redoubted L'Eftrange. We cannot avoid giving one or two specimens of our Author's charitable temper upon this subject. Speaking of the presbyterians and other sectaries, he says, that' to 'reproach their sovereign with lying asseverations, is inseparable from such men; fo intimately is the spirit of fal ehood amalgamaced with the dross of which they are composed, that divide them as far as matter is divisible, and a lie Ihall be found in every atom.' And in another place, he less rhetorically allures us, that, although the same persons shall • suffer at the day of judgment for their transgressions, yet, neither wisdom, nor christian patience ought to remit to that day of doom the punishment which they lo truly merit.'

We know not whether any diffenting writers will think this performance worthy of their notice. If they should, they will, we doubt not, be able satisfactorily to prove, that the same principles which led the dislenters to oppose che Stuarts have ren. dered then eminently attached to the princes and the govern. ment eltablished by the Revolucion; thai, like other citizens, some of thein may question the propriety of certain public measures, without any just impeachaient of their integriry or loyalty; and that the alpersions cait on them by Dr. Shebbeare, are peculiarly groundless and malicious, .

It would be endless to point out the initaaces in which cho Author hath justly laid himníelf open to levere ceniure.

He seems to value himself not a little on the favourable terms in which the King Ipoke of him to Sir John Philips, when that gendeman recommended him for a pension. We can only say

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upon this head, that the very belt princes are liable to be milled, in their opinions of men, and the communication of their favours. According to the Doctor's own oblervarion, there is not a virtue of the human heart that may not, by artifice and deception, be induced to exceed its proper limits.

If it could be fupposed that Dr. Shebbeare, in this work, hach expressed the sentiments and language of government, a most important reason of oppotion would indeed be afforded, and every lover of bis country would have cause to tremble.' But we reject such a supposition, as totally unwarrantable: it is impossible that any prince, or even any adminiftration, under the Brunswick line, if lunacy hath not pofTefied them, can approve of the raving positions, and the bitter spirit of this Writer.

ART. VII. A Letter to Dr. Shebbeare : Containing a Confutation of

his Arguments concerning the Boton and Quebec Acts of Parlia. ment; and his Aspersions upon the Memory of King William, and the Protestant Diflenters. By Hugh Baillie, LL. D. late Judge of the Court of Admiralty in Ireland. 8vo. 2 s. J. Donald.

fon. 1775. INTE learn, from some passages in the present publication,

that the Author of it is very much advanced in years. It is probably owing to this circumstance, and perhaps to his not having been able to correct the mistakes of his amanuensis, that we find certain errors in the composition, which otherwise could scarcely have proceeded from a man of a literary profes. fion. Indeed, the work, in general, is not well written. Ne. vertheless, it contains a number of pertinent and judicious obfervations, in answer to Dr. Shebbeare. Dr. Baillie has obliged the Public with two anecdotes, which we thall lay before our Readers. The first relates to the massacre of Glenco.

. I had occasion, fays our Author, to know the particulars of that story from Mr. Stewart of Appin, an enemy to King William, and to whom that land belonged. He told me the inbabitants of that glen were thieves and robbers; and that the King had summoned them to lay down their arms, and surrender themselves at Inverary against a certain day, under the pain of military execution. They having failed to surrender, one Hamilton, an officer in the garrison of Fort William, a man of a cruel temper, and having a quarrel with the poffessor of the glen, vassal to Stewart of Appin, he, under pretence of a warrant for military execution, committed that cruelty, and Aled to Ireland. And Mr. Stewart told me, that nobody believed King William intended any such thing by the words military exeo , cution.'

The second anecdote relates to Frederic Prince of Wales, father to his present Majesty. • I spent good part of a winter,

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and most of a summer, fays Dr. Baillie, at Hanover, at two different times, with that amiable Prince, the late Prince of Wales, who juftly deserved the character given to Titus the Roman Emperor, Deliciæ humani generis. There never was a better heart in a human breaft, than he possessed ; and he often faid to me, that if he lived to be King of Britain, he would look upon any man who wished to fee him an absolute Prince, ay an enemy to him and his family, for two reasons: first, because the preservation of the liberties and religion of Great Britain were the causes of establishing his family on the throne : Secondly, because he was convinced, that the King of a free people was twice as powerful as a King of slaves to his arbi. 'trary will.'


ART. VIII. An FDay on the fundamental or most important Doctrines of

natural and revealed Religion. By J. Wood, B. D. 8vo. 2 S. · Exeter printed ; London, sold by Law. 1774. AMONG other ftri&tures which were made on a former

A publication of Mr. Wood's, we observed that he had. adopted the most ridiculous peculiarities with regard to his or.. thography, and that his innovations in this respect went far beyond the usual line of pedantry and affectation, so as to discredit both his taste and understanding. In answer to this cenfure, our Author, speaking of the respectable corps of Reviewers, expresses himself as follows : ! I am wantonly charged, in their usual spirit of infallibility, with a pedancic kind of kakography ;, but let these heroic vulgar scribes have a little pacience, and they shall soon be informed of several things relative to the nature and fixed rules of spelling and orthography, of which at present they are as ignorant as they are of the constitution and figure of the inhabitants of the moon or of Saturn.' Notwithstanding this pompous denunciation, we have the pleasure of finding that Mr. Wood has exhibited some marks of fear, and even of docility. In fact, he has humbled himself under the rod, and bach learned, from our correction of him, to orthographise in a decent and proper manner.

Having been fo happy as to have taught our Author to fpell, we should rejoice to be capable of informing our Readers that we had been equally successful in teaching him to write. Buc we must confess, with grief, that, in this respect, we have found him a very unapt scholar. We cannot yet congratulate him upon his having rendered himself complete master of his English grammar.

Neither is it in our power to pass a high encomium upon Mr. Wood's improvement with regard to the matter of bis

• See Review, June 3773, p. 51.10 ·

compofition. compofition. He fill continues to exhibit a strange mixture of sense and folly, of liberalicy and prejudice; though, we think, not altogether with so unhappy a preponderancy on the side of absurdity and bigotry as appeared in his former work. His professed design is to treat on the fundamental doctrines of natural and revealed religion ; but he frequently deviates from his main subject, and introduces fomething either very absurd or very trifling. Without being destitute of natural abilities, and with a conliderable fhare of learning, he betrays such a Aagrant want of order and judgment, and such a false and pedantic taste in writing, as cannot fail of giving perpetual disgust to bis readers.

The Author's sentiments concerning the nature and design of religion, and the terms of falvation, are just and rational. In treating on the Trinity he assumes the appearance of being very orthodox; but his explication of that doctrine contains the most direct Sabellianism that we bave met with a long time, and in ages more zealous for the purity of the faith than the present he would have been deemed a capital heretic. The Diflenters are treated by Mr. Wood, with great contempt and feverity; and yet he acknowledges the reasonableness and equity of their late bill for a more extended toleration.

We Reviewers are the objects of our Author's peculiar resentment. He has devoted to us no less than two Appendixes, in wbich the fury of the poor Gentleman's paffion has quite over, powered his reason : such is the ingratitude of mankind to their best benefactors ! Nevertheless, we shall fill continue our benevolent chastisements; for though we have too much cause to despair of success, we cannot tell what effect the persevering efforts of criticism may have, even on such an unpromising sub ject as Mr. John Wood.


Art. IX. An Esay on Circulation and Credit, in four Parts; and

a Letter on the jealousy of Commerce; from the French of Monfieur De Pinto. Translated, with Annotations, by the Rev. S.

Baggs. M. A. 4to. 105. Od. in Boards. Ridley, &c. 1774. T H E Translator's preface contains the following account

I of the plan and execution of this elaborate performance, which the attentive and impartial Reader, however he may differ from the Author, will not think at all exaggerated :

"The great proposition maintained by the Author of the following essays, that the nacional debt has been the chief source of the present wealth and power of Great Britain, though not, as he ap. prehends, intirely new in this country, had novelty enough however to attract my atcention. The book had been favourably received upon the continent, and I understood that the Author was a man of character and reputation in Holland. I was curious to see in what

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manner, and with what degree of accuracy, such a subject could be treated by a foreigner. Though no great adept in the myftery of finance, I was satisfied, that, with regard at leaft to the debts and resources of England, I must know more of the matter than he did, This opinion will not appear very presumptuous to any man, who has had an opportunity of conversing with foreigners, especially the French, upon the internal state of our affairs, and who knows how ignorant they are in general of a subject, on which they nevertheless are at all times ready to decide. This, however, I found was not the cafe with the work before me. The Author appeared to be a man of abilities, who had taken considerable pains to be informed. His principal object seems to have been to support the credit of the English funds against the prejudices, the ignorance, and the malig, nity of the French. At the same time, though he takes part with England upon this question, it is evidently not from partial or interested morires, but from a thorough conviction of the truth of his doctrine. In other instances he is the friend of France. In all inItances he is the friend of mankind. This favourable character is 'not meant to include the idea of infallible. The system he supports may be true in the main, though not logically demonstrated; or it may be utterly false, though ingeniously defended. At any rate, considering the quantity of foreign property vested in our funds, and how much it behoves us to support the reputation of parliamen, tary faith, and national security, in the eyes of foreigners, a work of this nature cannot be indifferent to the public. Every argument, that tends to maintain the juft superiority of our credit over that of other European nations, particularly of France, deserves to be encouraged ; and this is a subject, on which a foreigner will be more readily believed abroad than an Englishman; with respect to the English reader, I will not venture to promise him much information in matters of fact; but his mind will probably be led to a new train of thought upon a question of infinite national importance, and which hitherto seems hardly ever to have been considered but in one point of view. The declamations againīt the pernicious effects of the national debt have not been confined to the discourses of the vulgar, or to the wisdom of the news papers. Some of the ableft men in the kingdom have treated the subject with as much popular violence and passion, as if it would not bear an argument, or as if truth and reafon were unquestionably on their lide, and nothing but ignorance and madness on the other.'

How far this last reflection is well founded, we leave the Public, before whom the evidence lies, to determine : and shall proceed to give a general abstract of our Author's system and reasoning. The following anecdote relating to the Author may be new to some of our Readers; and we Thall therefore tran. fcribe it:

A millake in that article of the preliminaries of the laft treaty with France, which relates to the poffeffions of the two East-India companies, was fortunately observed by Monsieur De Pinto, and communicated to the late duke of Bedford. This anecdote is highly honourable to the duke's memory. He saw, and acknowledged the


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