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finds, more easy to himself and his scholars ; but it does not always happen that such peculiarities prove more easy or beneficial to other persons: and yet it may be of use to have a variety of methods pointed out, from attending to which, a tutor may posibly reap some advantage.

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S E R M O N S.
I. Before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in the Abbey Church

Weltminiter, January 30, 1775: being the Day appointed to be
observed as the Day of the Martyrdom of King Charles the First.
By Brownlow Lord Bishop of Worcester. 410. is. Robson.

This discourse is nearly of the same kind with those which have appeared of late years on the same subject; though with rather a stronger mixture of toryism than hath been found in some of the compositions of the Right Reverend Bench. The Bishop delivers it as a general observation, that the doctrines of the independents are ill calculated to render us good subjects. But we apprehend, that the independents of the present times are in no degree distinguished, by their political sentiments, from the rest of the Diffenters; and that very few, if any of them, are republicans. His Lord'hip of Worcester afferts likewise, that the memorable Act of Toleration hath removed the unhappy ground of divisions with regard to religion ; reconciling the most per feet freedom in religious opiniins, with

the ancient and venerable form of our establishinent. This asser* tion, we confess, hath surprised us. We should have thought that

the good Bishop must have heard of the late applications of the
protesting Diffenting clergy to parliament; and even have seen the
case presented by them to the members of both Houses, But it is
'impossible to say, how far persons of an elevated rank in life may
be ignorant of the condition and concerns of those who are placed
in stations so much below them.
II. Preached before the University of Cambridge, November si

1774. To which are added, Two others on the Nature of
Malevolent Sentiments, preached before the same Audience in
the same Year. By John Hey, B. D. Fellow of Sidney Sussex
College, and one of the Preachers at his Majesty's Chapel at
Whitehall. · 8vo. 1 s. Beecfoft, &c.

The first of these short discourses is a plea for liberty. Every confiftent Protestant will unite with the Preacher, in wishing full liberty of conscience to all men, as far as the peace and welfare of public

communities can posibly allow it. Mr. Hey's argument is directed, *, principally, in favour of the Roman Catholics. He may possibly have

the Quebec-Bill in his eye: but his reasoning, though valid, so far as it goes, does not, we apprehend, at all reach to the objections which are made against that resolution of the British Senate. The other two Sermons are more philosophical: they are intended as an answer to those who may object to the implanting of the unkind affections, as they are termed, in human nature. These affections may be considered as locks and bars to guard the habitation from



koliile attacks. The natural paflions under due regulacion are no
doubt beneficial, though utterly unjustifiable in their excess. In
their proper exertions they arise from good principles; but, by
indulgence, foon degenerate into vice. Emulation, for instance, is,
in a proper degree, a useful affection, but if it amounts to envy, it
becomes vicious, and ought to be controlled : and it appears to us,
therefore, that envy, which is generally spoken of in a bad sense, is
rather to be considered as the over-growth and abuse of a good
natural principle, than as itself a natural affe&tion. This thought,
perhaps, may be applied to some other parts of these sermons; but
we have only room to say, farther, concerning them, that they are
sensible, ingenious, and well written discourses.
JII. A Sermon on Christmas Day, almost Fourteen Hundred Years

old, of that famous Father of the Greek Church, St. Chry.
sottom ; never before published in our Language. To which is
prefixed the Life of the Author. By the Revd. William Scott,
A. M. late Scholar of Eton, and i'rinity College, Cambridge.
8vo. 1 S. Crowder, &c. 177;.

Two of St. Chrysostom's fermons, in his commentary on St. Paul's Epiitle to the Romans, were translated and published two or three years ago *, by the Revd. Mr, Lewis of Wateritock, Oxford.. shire ; who also gave a brief account of this Father's life. As far as we can recollect, those sermons were preferable to that which now makes its appearance. It is collected from four others on ChristmasDay, which are to be found in the 5th and 7th volumes of Chryfoftom's works. It is curious as a piece of Chriftian antiquity; but, in other respects, it has nothing to recommend it to our regard.. The reader who can peruse it in the original Greek, will discover most of its beauty. This eminent Father, had once formed the delign of retiring from the world, to pass the remainder of his days in a desert; the speech which his mother made to dissuade him from executing such a purpose, is here translated, and is indeed very pathetic and affectionate. But we shall only farther remark, that it will not follow from St. Chrysostom's sermons on ChristmasDay, or from the observation of the twenty-fifth of December, in earlier times as the season of our Lord's Nativity, either that the birth of Christ was on that day, or that Christians are obliged to fix on any one particular day in the year for the commemoration of so great an event. IV. The Preservation of Mofes in the Ark of Bulrushes, symbolically

explained,-at Christ's Church, Middlesex, September 25, 1774.
By George Marriott, Rector of Alphamstone, in Effex. 1 s.

V. At the Funeral of Mr. Abraham Donn, Teacher of Writing,

Arithmetic, Altronomy, and Navigation, in Biddeford, Devon.
By the late pious and ingenious James Hervey, A M. Rector of
Weston Favel, Northamptonshire, and Author of the Meditations
and Contemplations. 6 d. Law.

... This is said to be printed from a MS. presented by the Author to Mr. George Donn, father to the deceased.

..See Review December 1772, p. 460.

VI. The

VI. The Success of the Gospel, through the Ministration of weak and

finful Men, a Proof of the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God.Before the Scots Church, London-Wall, December 22, 1774, at the Ordination of the Revd. Charles Nicholson, A. M. one of the Ministers of the British Reformed Church at Amsterdam. By Henry Hunter, D. D. To which is added, The Charge, by the Revd. George Turnbull. 8vo. 18. Buckland.

*** The remainder of the Sermons in our next.

CORR E S P O N D E N C E. To the AUTHORS of the MONTHLY REVIEW. GENTLEMEN, "I TPON looking into your Review for July last, a few days ago,

I met with, what appears to me, an error which I did not perceive before; among the explanations of some obsolete words and expressions, in Warton's History of English Poetry. The word “ faucon," p. 57, which is there intrepreted a bird, I apprehend muft certainly mean a falchion, or broad, crooked kind of sword. I dare say, upon re-examining the passage, you will be of my opinion. I am, Gentlemen, with much entertainment,

Your constant Reader,
Jan. 14, 1775

CANDIDUS. We have attended to the passage referred to by this Correspondent, and are obliged to him for favouring us with his opinion, though certainly wrong; the passage runs thus :

A faucon brode in hond he bare
For he thoght he wolde thare
Have flayne Richarde with trearowne
Whan his colte sholde knele downe
As a colte fholde souk his dame,

And he was ware of that shame. The soldan carried a falcon in his hand, that Richard's horse, have ing been accustomed so to do in hawking, might kneel down at the fight of the bird, and give him an advantage over his sider. Bat

Richard was aware of the lam. Brode for brood; the kind, ot * poflibly a young falcon, the horse being taught to kneel to take such

upon hand in training. The Historian's interpretation is evidently right.

In answer to our Correspondent from Portsmouth, it will be sufficient to observe, that we have faithfully related the fact to which he refers *, as Dr. Irving has stated it ; and we do not apprehend that his account is at all obfcare or imperfect; much less that we are chargeable with negligence in suffering it to pafs unnoticed. Had Dr. l. any where affirmed, that the mercury in a thermometer plunged into the water at the surface of an unagitated lea rose higher

See our last, p. 129, in the account of Capt, Phipps's voyage.


than in the ambient air, the objection of our Correspondent might have some force; but as the reverse appears from our extracts in the page to which he alludes, he seems to have taken needless pains. Chemical experiments, whatever may be their result, cannot be fairly adduced to determine this question ; for our Correspondent muft well know, that to argue, with certainty, from analogy, the case and circumstances should be precisely similar. We are however obliged to any of our Readers, who remark on any real inaccuracies that may escape us in the hurry of transcribing or of printing; but we think they should clearly ascertain the millake, before they give themselves the trouble to convict us of it, or lay us under å neceflity of making a reply. We Mall always be attentive to remarks or objections of importance; but our time will not allow us to take notice of those that are imaginary or frivolous : and it should be remembered, that our province is, not so much to vindicate or expose the observations and reasoning of particular writers, as to furnish our Readers with the means of judging for themselves. We are only accountable for our own remarks on publications that pass under our notice; but not for any experiments or conclufions which they contain, or which we may extract from them, for the informa. tion of our Readers : we must leave authors themselves to answer för these, and make our appeal to the Public only for ourselves.

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The dispassionate expoftulation of J. D. claims fome acknowledg. ment, although it might be thought that the last paragraph of the upffensive article [fee Review for last month, p. 120] would have ex.

eused us from any farther explanation. Our Correspondent pleads the ability and reputation of the late President Edwards, of New Fersey, as intitling him to respect ; and adds, that “ as long as his Inquiry into the Liberty of the Will, is read, so long will it be thought, by all on prejudiced persons, the author of it hath done honour to his subject.” All this may be allowed, without relaxing a tittle from what was said of his History of the Work of Redemption; and it may be farther observed, that J. D. hath not offered one word in jultiscation of the last-mentioned performance. We, indeed, proceeded in the direct contrary way; for, in confidering the work then before us, we concerned ourselves no farther with Mr. Edwards, than as the author of that posthumous work ;-a method, certainly, the least likely to subject a reader to any undre bias : and there all the abilities that appeared, were found to have been exceedingly misapplied. - If J. D. really thinks that History, &c. is not the product of an enthusiaftic imagination, we have nothing more to offer to his confideration on the fubject ; but if he grants that it may be juftly viewed in that light, we must repeat, as our honest opinion, that such publications cannot but operate very pernicioufly on weak understandings ; and that the more ability a writer poflefles, when his mind takes a fanatical turn, the more mischief he is capable of doing ; especially when his previously acquired credit ftamps a fup. posed value on all that he may subsequently produce.--If these con. liderations induced us, as friends to RATIONAL RELIC 10x, to use any




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CORRESPONDENCE. epithet which J, D. may think harsh, the occasion must acquit or condemn us : and our Correspondent will do well to reflect that the importance of a subject affords no sanction to a ridiculous mode of treating it.

We ihall enquire after Dr. Gill's Dissertation on the Baptism of Jewish Proselytes, which J. D. recommends to our notice.

Mr. Dunn's Afronomy is under consideration.

: ** In answer to our Correspondent, Anti-Duellift, all we can say
is, that there was an argumentative pamphlet on the subject under his
present confideration, published about a year ago, by Baldwin in
Paternoster-row, which, if he has not seen, should not be overlooked,
Whether any thing more of that kind is wanted, himself can beft
determine, from a knowledge of the nature of what he has to offer :
but it has hitherto been found that the principles of reason are very
little attended to by men who are actuated by the current principles
of honour. In certain cases it is easy to convince any body except ::
the parties we labour to convince; and hence there is a saying that
some men are not to be argued with : perhaps those who are led by
falbion, may be of this class; and it were therefore to be wished"
that fuch men were properly led in their own manner.

The General Index which our Correspondent wants, has often beet the object of our own wishes ; but mere withing will not execute a talk that grows every day more difficult to undertake : though we would not be understood to have totally renounced the execution, of it.

· N. Hit++ The Letter relating to Salmon's, Hoppus's, and Green's books, on the prices of builder's work, is more proper for a Maga. zine, than a Literary Review.-We know nothing of the work entitled, A Key to Civil Archite&ture, by Thomas Skaife; nor whether it be a recent or an old publication.

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Ta our READERS: ". The number, importance, and temporary nature of the publications relative to our present Controversy with the Colonies, obliges us to postpone many other Articles; all of which, however, will be inserted, as opportunity, and the limits of our work, may permit. .

o Notable ERRATA in last month's Review.
P. 104, par. 4, for decads, read duads. The word, thus milaken,

by the printer, occurs four times in this paragraph..
P. 187, Art. 42, for ' to a principal,' r. ' to be a principal.'...

In this month
p. 257, par 2. l.a. for in
Jufficient, r. Juficient.

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