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general entertainment, we hope to be excused from entering any farther into a subject of so very local a nature. .
At the end is an Appendix, concaining copies of many original papers, referred to from several parts of this learned and entertaining work. Of these we shall particularise only two numbers, viz. No. X. and XIII. No. X. contains 1. Copy of a Letter from the Abbot to T.
Cromwell, praying Protection against the Earl of Westmorland. -- [In the Title it is Weftmorland, but in the body
of the Letter we find the Earl of Cumberland mentioned only.] . 2. Richard Layton's Letter to Cromwell, defiring to be cholen
Visitor under him. 3. Articles of Inquisition, to which the Religious were to
answer on the Visitation of their Houses. 4. Crimes charged on the Monks of Furness.. 5. The Earl of Suflex's Letter to King Henry VIII. relative
to the surrender of the Abbey of Furness. 6. The Abbot's Proposals for surrendering the Abbey. 7. Copy of the Surrender itself.—Here dated, XI. Die Aprilis,
but in the Translation, at p. in. the Ninth Day of April.) 8. General injunétions to all Monasteries. 9. The King's Letter for caking the surrender of Monasteries. 10. A Bill prepared, to be .paffed into an Act, for keeping
Hospitality, etc. (but which was never a&lually passed.] * No. XIII. contains an Explanation of the common Seal of the
Abbey, with an Engraving of it on Copper, as it appears appendant to the Deed of Surrender in the Augmentation.
CONCLUSION.. • In the course of this work, the reader may see, on a reduced scale, the rise and progress, the establishment and suppresfion, of religious houses in this kingdom. The causes of such charges and variations are also marked out in the copies given of the several transactions which preceded and accompanied the diffolution ; (which] are so arranged as to reflect light on each other. In these the compiler has not ventured to anticipate the reader's reflections, to advance his own opinion, or sentiment; but, where there is any space for reasonable doubt, or farther inquiry, has left the candid reader in possession of his own reflections, judgment, and animadversions.'
These, though the words of the Author, contain so juft an account of his work (which has afforded us no small satisfaction in the perusal) as may save us the trouble of adding any thing more than our hearty approbation of a performance, fraught with such a variety of enlivening and entertaining matter, as is but rarely to be met with in researches of this kind. - 2 3
Art. VII. A Help to English History; Containing a Succesfion of all
the Kings of England, the English, Saxons, and the Bricons ; the Kings and Princes of Wales; the Kings and Lords of Man; and the Isle of Wight. Also of all the Dukes, Marquises, Earls,, and Bishops. With the descriptions of the Places from whence they had their titles. Together with the Names and Ranks of the Viscounts, Barons, and Baronets, of England. By Peter Heylyn, D. D. Prebendary of Westminster. Since his death, continued with great Additions, to the First of November 1773. With the · Coats of Arms of the Nobility, accurately Engraved on Copper
plates, and properly Blazoned. - To this Edition are now first added, Lists of the extinct Viscounts and Barons : also, the Prætorian Banner Displayed ; or, the Arms of all the Lord Mayors of London, accurately Engraved on Copper-plates, and explained by true Blazonry, with a complete List of the said Magiftrates : now firit Published, by Paul Wright, B. D. Fellow
of the Society of Antiquaries, London. 8vo. 8 s. sewed. Ba. .thurit, &c. 1773.
H E usefulness of this work may appear from the satis
faclion which the former editions are said to have given to persons curious in antiquities. This was thought a sufficient reason to justify a re-publication of it, with large additions (particularly the marriages of the extinct peers) by the present Editor ; who has brought down the whole to the time of pube lication, apparently with as much accuracy, as a work of so complicated a nature, can reasonably be expected to admit. Under the title, however, of Earl Ker of Wakefield, (which was conferred upon the only son and heir apparent of the then Duke of Roxburgh, anno 1722,) we meet with this note, at p. 381. [“ N. B. None of the Scots peers, created English peers since the Union, fic in parliament, but only as they are chosen of the number of the sixteen peers.”]– This Note is partly right, and in some measure wrong; but certainly has no business here : for the person created Earl Ker of Wakefield in 1722, was not, at that time, a peer of Scotland, but succeeded to the title of Duke of Roxburgh, on the death of his father, in 1740; after which event he continued to fit in the house, as an Englith peer, as he had done before, and as his son the present Duke still does:-The Dukes of Argyll, and Montrore, and the Earl of Kinnoul, all fit in the house, as English peers, (exactly upon the same principle) under the several ridles of Baron Sundridge of Coombank, Kent, so created 1766; Earl Graham of Belford Northumberland, 1722 ; and Baron Hay of Pedwarden Herefordshire, 31 December 1711. All these titles were conferred, not upon Peers, but upon the heirs apparent of Scots peers. Thus the decision of the house of Lords, 20 December 1711, That no Scots peer could be created an English one, was plainly evaded. - English titles have been conferred, since the union, upon no more than two persons who were peers of Scotland at the time of conferring such English titles; viz. the Duke of Queensberry created Duke of Dover 1708, who sat (unquestioned) as an English peer, till his death, in July 1711; but on the Duke of Hamilton's being created Duke of Brandon in Suffolk, in September 1711, the matter was in December following, brought before the house, and after a solemn debate, his new title declared inconsistent with the act of Union.-The foregoing N. B. therefore, would have stood much more properly under the title Brandon, at p. 175, than under that of Wakefield; to which it has, in fact, no relation whatsoever. It may be farther added, notwithstanding what is said in the latter part of the N. B. alluded to, that no instance hath yet occurred of any Duke of Hamilton or Queensberry having fat as one of the sixteen, since they have looked upon themselves as English peers. When the present Duke of Queensberry came to be at age 1719, (which he was not at the time of his father's death) he claimed his seat in the house of peers, as Duke of Dover ; but his claim was also rejected, for the same reasons which occurred in the Duke of Hamilton's case before.
Art. VIII, The English Preacher; or, Sermons on the principal
Subjects of Religion and Morality, selected, revised, and abridged from various Authors. 12mo. 9 Vols. il. 11 s. 6 d. bound
Johnson, 1774. A Rchbishop Tillotson was the first, if we are not mistaken,
A who publickly recommended the design of compiling what is called a Body of Divinity, from the sermons of Englišh proteftant preachers. He was of opinion that with such excellent materials, a religious system might be formed, superior to whatever could be produced by any church in other parts of the world.
If this appeared to be the case in Tillotson's time, with how much greater advantage may such a design be now executed, when the number of rational and pious discourses, from the pulpit, are multiplied, perhaps, an hundred fold ; when the field of divinity blooms with so great a variety of the choicest flowers, that the difficulty of rejecting is the only difficulty in the undertaking.
In pursuance of the good archbishop's bint, a work entitled, " A system of Divinity and Morality,” was published in 1751, in 5 Vols. 12mo. It consisted of sermons selected from the works of the most eminent divines of our established church; and such of the discourses as were deemed too long, or thought to contain sentiments, or a discullion of critical points, not
essential to the great ends of pra&ical religion, were abridged by the Editor.
The compiler of the above mentioned system, was one Mr. Nicol, a layman, Author of some other religious publicacions; particularly of several valuable tracts in favour of the comprehenfim-scheme, with respect to the church of England and the Dillenters. He was a man of abilities; but he chose not to affix his name to any of his compositions : from an apprehenfion that they would be the less favourably received by the clergy.
In a few years Mr. Nicol's collection of fermons becoming scarce, and the compiler dying, the lace Dr. Ferdinando Warner was employed to revise, alter, and republish the System &c. which task was, accordingly, executed, in 4 vols. 8vo; and the work was well received.
About the same time, another collection of sermons appeared, intitled, The Protestant System. This publication confifted of discourses selected and reprinted without abridgment, from the sermons of the most eminent Disenting ministers of Great Britain and Ireland; and was comprehended in 2 vols. 8vo. But altho' the Editor made choice only of the most rational and elegat produ&tions of our Non-conformist preachers, such as Abernethy, Chandler, Foster, &c. yet the sale of this collection was less extensive than that of Mr. Nicol; probably from its being confined within a much narrower circle of readers; the Editor's name did not appear.
In 1762, another collection was formed, on a more comprehensive plan. It was eniitled The Practical Preacher. The anonymous but judicious compiler did not, in his choice, confine himself to writers of any particular denomination, but took whatever seemed most fit for his purpose (the promotion of rational and manly piety, and the enforcement of moral and christian virtues by christian motives) wherever he found it; without being solicitous, as he expresles it, in his preface, • Whether the Author was a minister of the established church, or a Protestant Diffenter.' Some forms of devotion were added by the editor, composed in the spirit, and often in the very words, of the late celebrated Dr. James Foster. In this compilement, selection alone was attended to; and the sermons underwent no abridgment.
Dr. Enfield's collection, now before us, is formed with respect to the selection, on a plan similar to that of The Practi. cal Preacher; but the discourses, where necessary, are properly and judicioufly abridged ; fee our short account of the first and second volumes, in Rev. Vol. XLIX. p. 77. To wbat was then said, in commendation of the Editor's design, we have, now, only to add, that the work is completed, as above, in 9 volumes.
The compiler of the English Preacher observes, in his preface, that the chief materials for such a work as this, must of course be gathered from writings already well known; but, he adds, in addition to these, there are some selected from volumes little known, and others that have been published singly, and never been generally read, which, besides their own intrinsic merit, will to many readers have the recommendation of novelty.
The Editor concludes, with expressing his hope that this publication may be of use to PRIVATE FAMILIES, by furnishing them with a large collection of discourses on the most important topics of morality and religion; and to YOUNG PREACHERS, by exhibiting before them, at one view, a great variety of the best MODELS for their imitation. And, farther, he very reasonably prefumes, that a work of this kind cannot fail of contributing somewhat toward the support of the in-' terests of religion and virtue in the world.'
ART. IX. The Antiquities of England and Wales. By Francis Grose,
' Esq. 410. 21. 5 5. unbound. Hooper. THE success of this expensive work' affords a strong proof
1 of the prevailing tafte, in this country, for the elegant arts ; at the same time that those which chiefly aim at utility are by no means neglected. Let cynics, therefore, and four divines, rail as they please' at the “ degeneracy of the age,” but there never was an æra, or a nation, in which merit, of every kind, was more candidly acknowledged, more eminently distinguished; or more liberally requited, than in the present times, and in this happy island.
Mr. Grose, in his address to the Public, prefixed to this second * volume of his Antiquities, acknowledges, in grateful terms, the favourable reception with which his work has been honoured ; and, at the same time, he very properly tenders his thanks to those who have so kindly and effectually asisted hiin in carrying it on. The aids he has met with, he says, have greatly exceeded even his most fanguine hopes ; particularly in the article of the descriptions, in which he has been favoured with the assistance of gentlemen from whom, at his first setting out, he had not the smallest expectations : beside which, we are told, several of the most eminent artists have, with a generosity peculiar to men of genius, made him a compliment of their drawings. He adds this assurance to his subscribers that, from the experience both himself and his engravers have acquired, the remainder of the work will be rather better executed than the part already finished : and to this, from a view of some
• For our account of the first volume, fee Review, vol. xlix. P• 378.