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reformed) Bolingbroke, in this liberal declaration, that 'the wise dom of Socrates, the dignity of Pliny, and the wit of Horace, appeared in all his writings and conversation.'
To the foregoing respectable testimonials, the Editor has added the charming lines in the conclusion of the Essay on Man, addressed to the “ GUIDE, PHILOSOPHER, and FRIEND” of the admirable Poet, whose memory seems to have been so ungratefully and insolently treated by the first Editor * of these letters, in the prefatory advertisement, which still remains, a striking monument of the instability and evanescence of literary friendship.
: The sentiments of the Reviewers, with respect to the nature and value of the justly celebrated letters, here republished, may be seen i jour first volume, for the year 1749. Art. 37. Remarks on the Patriot t. Including some Hints re. fpečting the Americans, with an Address to the Electors of Great
Britain. 8vo. 15. Richardson and Urquhart. 1775. $
On the presumption that Dr. Johnson's eminence of rank in the learned world, might give a fančtion to sentiments and principles which may prove, unfriendly to the cause of true Patriotism; the fenfible Author of these Remarks undertakes to refute the Doctor's chief positions, to guard the unwary reader against the speciousness of his misrepresentations, and to blunt the edge of his ridicule.
In the execution of this design, the remarker has not been unsuccessful. If he is inferior to the Doctor in style, and the dignity of declamation; he is a match for him in reasoning :- In the capacity of a ministerial writer, the learned Author of the Patriot, we may venture to predict, will never add a wreath to the laurels he acquired by his moral and poetical productions. Art. 38. A Letter to Dr. Samuel Johnson; occasioned by his
late Political publications. With an Appendix, containing some Observations on a Pamphlet lately published by Dr. Shebbeare, 8vo. 13. 6 d. Towers. 1775.
Another serious and sensible investigation of the merit and value of Dr. Johnson's political writings. This remarker is no less severe upon the Doctor, than is the Author of the foregoing article. The publications which are the subjects of his animadversion, are the False Alarm, Thoughts on Falklands isands, and the Patriot. After a strict examination of the Doctor's reasoning, in the above-mentioned pamphlets, and a clear refutation of some of his principal arguments, Our Author draws the following, among other conclusions: that Dr. Johnson's political writings have unfortunately tended only to degrade bis own character, without rendering much service to his employers; that no writer, of the Doctor's abilities, ever engaged in politics, whose productions were of so little effect, and so unprofitable to his patrons; and that this celebrated writer may, in many respects, be considered as a memorable instance of human weakness : * for though,' says the Author, “ you have given evidences of great force of genius, you have, at the same time, discovered such little pre
• The late Mr. Mallet. . See Review for October laft, p. 298.
judices, and such bigotted attachments, as would have disgraced a common understanding.' .
In his appendix, our last letter-writer attacks Dr. Shebbeare, of whose pamphlet * we gave an account in our last month's Review. The an, gry Doctor having fallen foul on the memories of King William, Al. gernon Sidney, Lord Somers, and in short, all the great supporters of the whig-intereft, our Author undertakes their defence ; together with that of the dissenters, in general, who had also, in the same publication, been roughly handled by this inveterate enemy of the Non-cons. But, fays our Author, if it be a reproach to be warmly attached to civil as well, as religious liberty, and to deteft tyranny, mander whatever form it may appear, it is a reproach that many of
them (the diffenters) are well content to bear. The friends of free: dom, and of public virtue, are naturally objects of dislike to the servile and the venal; and it can be no dishonour to be reviled by the avowed cools of a minifter, by flate hirelings, and penfioned parasites,'
MEDICA L. Art. 39. A Treatise on Child-bed Fevers, and on the Methods of
preventing them, &c.: To which are prefixed two Differtations on the Brain and Nerves, &c. By Thomas Kirkland, M. D. 8vo. 3s. Baldwin. 1774.
This little treatise may be considered, and is intended by the Author, as a proper supplement to the several essays which have been lately published on the same subject. His principal delign is to thew that puerperal fevers are produced by different causes; that they accordingly require different methods of cure; and that dangerous errours in practice may be committed, by referring them exclusively to one particular cause, soch as, for instance, an inflammation of the abdomen, or uterus ; and accordingly treating the disorder with an. tiphlogistics, while the symptoms perhaps were the consequence of putrid absorption, and the disease therefore required a very different and even contrary mode of treatment. His observations on these and other heads relative to his subject are illustrated and confirmed by feveral cases that have occurred in his own practice; and deserve the consideration of practitioners.
In the first of the two dissertations prefixed to this creatise, Dr. Kirkland endeavours to prove that the brain is not fibrous, and that the nerves are not pervious tubes, conftituted of this supposed fibrous substance, and carrying a certain fluid fecreted in the brain ; but that the medullary part of this organ is a mere mucus, or gelatinous . substance of a particular kind, not confined to the skull, but carried and expanded, by means of the nerves, over every part of the body.
The nerves are accordingly considered by the Author as portions of the white part of the brain itself, contained in coats formed of the dura and pia mater. This substance they conduct to, and spread over, every muscular fibre ; occasionally depoficing one or boch of these coverings, and widely diffufing the white part of the brain, so as to form one continued substance in every part that is included
• Answer to Queries, &c.
within the cuticle; and preventing that glossy or gelatinous ap. pearance, which is so readily distinguished in the muscular fibres.''
In the second dissertation the Author explains, by means of this theory, the phenomena which have been hitherto ascribed to the sympathy of the nerves, or the consent of parts, as it has been commonly called ; and endeavours to thew that these appearances are clearly explicable by thus considering the brain as expanded over every part of the body, and as being the only part of it that is capable of irritability. Some curious cases are here likewise added, which at least illustrate, if they do not fully prove the truth of, the Author's general doctrine; with respect to this obfcure and difficult fubject.
N O V E L'S' and MEMOIRS. : Art. 40. The Prudent Orphan : or the Hiftory of Miss Sophia
Stanley. 12mo. 2 Vols. 55. fewed. Roson, &c. 1775. " * He who fits down to write, with a consciousness that he shall acquire but little credit as an Author,' will not be much surprised when he finds that the fact agrees with his pre-sentiment. The writer of the Prudent Orphan, who makes this declaration at the beginning of his work, is therefore we suppose prepared for every censure, that either the Reviewers or the Public may pass upon it, and will quietly kiss the hand that chastises him. The greatett kind. nefs we can show to this felf.condemned culprit will be to release him from his pain as soon as posible. We therefore pronounce, that, in our judgment, the ftory is confused and uninteresting, the characters ill supported, the expression childish and incorrect, and the moral nothing. Probably, however, fome fair readers may learn from it, that gypsies are not such ignorant creatures as the wise folks repre. sent them, but may be very successfully consulted on certain great occasions; and that all a young lady has to do, to render herself perfearly agreeable, is to take a lesson once a day, or oftener if the finds it neceffary, from Miss Sophia, Miss Harriot, Miss Charlotte, or some other accomplished fair (to be met with at any of the circu. - lating libraries) on the wonderful art and mystery of love. Art. 41. The Morning Ramble; or History of Miss Evelyna
12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. bound. Noble, 1775. A young lady in love with her supposed uncle.-An old dotard in love with this fame young lady, his supposed grand-daughter,-Thefe amours made honeft by the help of a gypsey, whose child the loved and loving fair one is said to be.- Her virgin chastity attempted by the ancient lover, and rescued by the younger.-Her virgin chattity again attempted by the friend of her beloved Adonis, and again rescued by a mad adventurer.-The refeued fair conducted by her new ina. morato to the mouth of a dismal cave, (in which hethreatens instantly to end his life before her eyes, unless the consents to repay his services with those charms which he had preserved) and there terrified into a promise of marriage.- A third ravishment, and a murder, introduced for the sake of variety and entertainment, into the husband's ftory of him felf.--The wife, unmindful of her holy vow, on a sudden suffering her firft passion to rekindle.-Her husband in a fit of jealousy, encountering his innocent rival.--The hapless fair rushing between their swords. Wounded.--Expiring--Lamented.
This is a true bill of fare of the Morning's Ramble. A very pretty, romantic, sentimental morning's entertainment for Miss in her. Teens. Art. 42. He is found at laft: or Memoirs of the Beverley Family.
: 2 Vols. 6s. Noble. '1775.. .. This novel begins, where most others end, with going to church. Two happy weddings !-As all weddings are of course, at least in. novels--- with a sprightly laughing nymph to a principal in one, and the historian of both! It is enough to unfurt the front of the mosti snarling critic, and put the most sour and cynical reader into good bumour. We are not proof against the powers of love and Hymen s. they have charmed away our censorial dignity, and we willingly con-) descend to dance in their train. If we recollect right, some wise man fays fomewhere or if no wise man ever faid it before us, the obfervation is not the less wife-chat he who wishes to be pleased will seldom be disappointed. We have experienced the truth of this re. mark, while we have followed the lead of our Narrator. We have met with incidents, plain indeed and simple, but natural and inte. refing; entertaining journals ; lively reflections on places and things; agreeable characters; and, at last, a discovery and a union which have given us no small pleasure. Sit down to this little entertain.. ment, Madam, in good humour, and with a good appetite, and you will be pleased too.
LA W. Art. 43. Fabrigas and Mostyn, &c. Final Decision. Kearfly.
In the Review for January, p. go, we mentioned the Farthen Proceedings in this celebrated cause, on the Bill of Exceptions ; ugued Nov, 15th, 1774. The matter was then left to stand for another argument; and, accordingly, Jan. 27th, 1775, the cause of Mr. Fabrigas was very ably maintained by Serjeant Glynn ; and, on behalf of Governor Mostyn, by Serjeant Walker. The judge ment of the Court of King's Bench is, in fubfance, here given ; and Lord Mansfield's opinion, with respect to the locality, and the Governor's authority, is equally comprehensive and satisfactory. The judgment being affirmed, Mr. Fabrigas received 3000 1. dan mages, and 159 l. costs. · RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.. Art. 44. Eighteen Sermons on important Subjects. By Matthew
Horberry, D. D. late Fellow of Magdalen College, Rector of · Srandlake, Oxfordshire, and Canon Residentiary of Litchfield. Published from the original Manuscripts. By Jeoffry Snelfon, M. A. Vicar of Hanbary, Staffordshire. 8vo. 5 5. Oxford, Printed at the Clarendon Press. London, fold by Cadell, &c. '1774
The discourses of this orthodox divine are in the general sensible, ingenious, and judicious. We have perused them with pleasure, though we may not at all times subscribe to his sentiments, or think that his argument, in every case, conveys clear and full conviction.
Some of these Sermons appear, to us, to be masterly performances : but we were rather surprised, as we proceeded with satisfaction
from one discourse to another, to find ourselves, at length, conducted, in the laft Sermon, to a vindication of the Athanafian Creed, which so many worthy sons of the church of England have wilad tbemselves fairly rid of! However, fo it is; and che Author labours through his vindication as well as he, or perhaps any other man could; but with what success, we shall leave every Reader to judge for himself..
. m . ;
in i : The subjects of the other Sermons are King Agrippa's answer to Paul.-The Apostle's witness of the Resurrection of Jesus, proper, powerful, and successful.-The good Fruits of Christianity, Evidences of its Troth.--Salvation in Jesus Christ alone.--Chrift both God and Man. The Complete Inspiration of Scripture asserted. The great Guilt and Danger of Taking away- from the Words of Scripture. --The chief Causes of Scepticism in Matters of Religion. The Contempt of the Clergy.The Distinction between the Characters of a righteous and of a good Man, &c. &c.
We should gladly have added some extracts from several of the discourses ; but as this does not comport with our present limits, we must here take leave of a volume of sermons which, we doubt not, will be well received by many Readers.. Art. 45. A Fourth. Letter to the Rev. Mr. Pickard, on Genuine • Protestantism; being a full Reply to the Rev. Mr. Toolmin's | Defence of the Dissenters niw Mode of Subscription. . 8vo. 1 s.
Mr. Fell continues firm in his opposition to the new religious teft proposed by his diffenting brethren, in their parliamentary application; and he has much more to say than we have here room to sepeat. See his Genuine Pr teftartism, Rev. vol. 48, p. 332, and for Mr. Toulmin's pamphlet, see Review, vol. 50. p. 236. Ms. Fell's arguments certainly deserve to be candidly and fully attended to. Art. 46. Religious Instruction of Children recommended. By the · Rev. James Stonehouse, M. D. 8vo. 6d. Rivington. 1774. • Worthy of the good and benevolent Author..
- POETICAL Art, 47. An Epifle (Moral and Philosophical) from an Officer at
Otaheite, to Lady Gr*f**n*r. With Notes, Critical and Hifto. rical. By the Author of the Rape of Pomona. 460. 15. 6 d. · Evans, 1774. . • The same judgment must be given on this prurient piece of wit, that was paslied on the Author's Pomona: See Review, vol. xlviii. p. 509. We may also refer to what was said of the luscious cpifle from Queen Oberea to Mr. Banks, Review, vol. xlix. p. 503.
.: MISCELLANEOUS Art. 48. An Account of the last Expedition to Port Egmont, in
Falkland's Ilands, in 1772. Together with the Transactions of the Company of the Penguin Shallop, during their stay there. By Bera nard Penrose, Surgeon's Male. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Johnfon. 1775.
Mr. Penrose gives a circnmftantial account of the Robinson Crusoekind of life which he and his companions led, during their stay ai oor late settlement at Port Egmont, from the time mentioned in the title page, to that of our finally relinquishing that little setile