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The poem opens with the marriage of Richard's father, Henry the Second, with the daughter of Carbarryne, a king of Antioch. But this is only a lady of romance. Henry married Eleanor the divorced queen of Louis of France. The minstrels could not conceive any thing less than an Eastern princess to be the mother of this magnanimous hero.
His barons hym sedde?
Men wolde’ bringe hym to wyff. * The messengers or ambassadors, in their voyage, meet a ship adorned like Cleopatra's galley.
Swylk on ne seygh they never non;
• [The present text has been taken son with Richard's real history. Of the from the edition of this romance by Mr. story in its uncorrupted state, he consiWeber, who followed a manuscript of no ders a fragment occurring in the Auvery early date in Caius College library, chinlech MS. to be an English translaCambridge. The variations between tion; and as this document was “tranthis and the early printed editions, con- scribed in the minority of Edward III." sist principally in the use of a more an- the following declaration of Mr. Weber tiquated phraseology, with some trifling may not exceed the truth :-“ There is changes of the sense. The most im no doubt that our romance existed beportant of these are given in the notes fore the year 1300, as it is referred to in below. Mr. Ellis, who has analysed this the Chronicles of Richard (Robert) of romance (vol. ii. p. 186), conceives the Gloucester and Robert de Brunne; and fable in its present form to have origi- as these rhymesters wrote for mere Ennated with the reign of Edward I.; and glish readers, it is not to be supposed that that the extravagant fictions it contains they would refer them to a French oriwere grafted by some Norman minstrel ginal.”-Edit.] upon an earlier narrative, more in uni.
That noble schyp was al withoute,
In that schyp ther wes i-dyght,
+ [loft, deck.)
6 [" To dyverse londes do we wende."]
With twenty knyghtes her aboute
To my lord she schal be brought."
The messangers the kyng have tolde
Trumpes begonne for to blowe,
To meted they wente in a throwe, &c. The first of our hero's achievements in chivalry is at a splendid tournament held at Salisbury. Clarendon near Salisbury was one of the king's palaces'.
Kyng Rychard gan hym dysguyse,
d to dinner.
e line 135.
inceptis per eundem Nicolaum et non ' In the pipe-rolls of this king's reign, perfectis, 5261. 165. 5d. ob. per Br. Reg." I find the following articles relating to Again, Rot. Pip. 39 Hen. 111. “ SUDthis ancient palace, which has been al HAMT. Comp. Nova forestæ. Et in triready mentioned incidentally. Rot. Pip: ginta miliaribus scindularum (shingles] 1 Ric. I. “WILTEs. Et in cariagio vini faciend. in eadem foresta et cariand. easRegis a Clarendon usque Woodestoke, dem usque Clarendon ad domum regis 34s. 4d. per Br. Reg. Et pro ducendis ibidem cooperiandam, 6l. et 1 marc. per 200 m. (marcis] a Saresburia usque Bris- Br. Reg.. "Et in 30 mill. scindularum tow, 75. 4d. per Br. Reg. Et pro du- faciend. in eadem, et cariand. usque cendis 2500 libris a Saresburia usque Clarendon, 11l. 10s.” And again, in Glocestriam, 26s. 10d. per Br. Reg. Et the same reign the canons of Ivy-church pro tonellis et clavis ad eosdem denarios. receive pensions for celebrating in the Et in cariagio de 4000 marcis a Sarum royal chapel there. Rot. Pip. 7 Hen. III. usque Suthanton, et pro tonellis et aliis “ WILTES. Et canonicis de monasterio necessariis, 8s. et ld. per Br. Reg.” ederoso ministrantibus in Capella de And again in the reign of Henry the Clarendon. 351. 7d. ob." Stukeley is Third. Rot. Pip. 30 Hen. III. “WILTE- mistaken in saying this palace was built SCIRE. Et in una marcelsia ad opus by king John. regis et reginæ apud Clarendon cum & See Du Cange, Gl. Lat. COINTISE. duobus interclusoriis, et duabus cameris proud, pompous.
yawned. privatis, hostio veteris aulæ amovendo in . (It is “ One and twenti inches porticu, et de eadem aula camera facienda aboute.” So doctor Farmer's manucum camino et fenestris, et camera pri- script, purchased from Mr. Martin's livata, et quadam magna coquina quadrata, brary. See supr. p. 124. Note i. This et aliis operationibus, contentis in Brevi, is in English. --ADDITIONS.]
The fyrst knyght that he there mette,
His hors he bar doun in the felde, &c. A battle-ax which Richard carried with him from England into the Holy Land is thus described.
King Richard, I understond,
Dores, barres, and iron chains, &c. This formidable axe is again mentioned at the siege of Acon or Acre, the antient Ptolemais.
Kyng Rychard aftyr, anon ryght,
line 267. I Richard's battle-ax The Byzantine Greeks are often is also mentioned by Brunne, and on called Griffones by the historians of the this occasion, Chron. p. 159.
middle ages. See Du Cange Gloss * The Crusades imported the phrase Ville-Hard. p. 363. See also Rob. Jeu Sarrazionois, for any sharp engage. Brun. Chron. p. 151. 157. 159. 160. ment, into the old French romances. 165. 171. 173. Wanley supposes that Thus in the Roman of ALEXANDER, the Griffin in heraldry was intended to MSS. Bibl. Bodl. ut supr. P. i. signify a Greek, or Saracen, whom they Tholomer le regrette et le plaint en
thus represented under the figure of an Grijois,
imaginary eastern monster, which never Et dist que s'il cussent o culz telz vingt existed but as an armorial badge. et trois,
° line 2196 Il nous eussent fet un jeu SARRAZIONOIS.