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The poem opens with the marriage of Richard's father, Henry the Second, with the daughter of Carbarryne, a king of Antioch. But this is only a lady of romance. Henry married Eleanor the divorced queen of Louis of France. The minstrels could not conceive any thing less than an Eastern princess to be the mother of this magnanimous hero.

His barons hym sedde?
That he graunted a wyff to wedde.
Hastely he sente hys sondes
Into many dyuerse londes,
The feyreste wyman that wore on liff

Men wolde’ bringe hym to wyff. * The messengers or ambassadors, in their voyage, meet a ship adorned like Cleopatra's galley.

Swylk on ne seygh they never non;
All it was whyt of huel-bon,
And every nayl with gold begrave:
Off pure gold was the stave”;
Her mast was [of] yvory;
Off samyte the sayl wytterly.
Her ropes wer off tuely sylk,
Al so whyt as ony mylk.

• [The present text has been taken son with Richard's real history. Of the from the edition of this romance by Mr. story in its uncorrupted state, he consiWeber, who followed a manuscript of no ders a fragment occurring in the Auvery early date in Caius College library, chinlech MS. to be an English translaCambridge. The variations between tion; and as this document was “tranthis and the early printed editions, con- scribed in the minority of Edward III." sist principally in the use of a more an- the following declaration of Mr. Weber tiquated phraseology, with some trifling may not exceed the truth :-“ There is changes of the sense. The most im no doubt that our romance existed beportant of these are given in the notes fore the year 1300, as it is referred to in below. Mr. Ellis, who has analysed this the Chronicles of Richard (Robert) of romance (vol. ii. p. 186), conceives the Gloucester and Robert de Brunne; and fable in its present form to have origi- as these rhymesters wrote for mere Ennated with the reign of Edward I.; and glish readers, it is not to be supposed that that the extravagant fictions it contains they would refer them to a French oriwere grafted by some Norman minstrel ginal.”-Edit.] upon an earlier narrative, more in uni.

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That noble schyp was al withoute,
With clothys of golde sprede aboute;
And her loof* and her wyndas',
Off asure forsothe it was.

In that schyp ther wes i-dyght,
Knyghts and ladyys of mekyll myght;
And a lady therinne was,
Bryght as the sunne thorugh the glas.
Her men aborde gunne to stonde,
And sesyd that other with her honde,
And prayde hem for to dwelle
And her counsayl for to telle:
And they graunted with all skylle
For to telle al at her wylle:
“Swo wyde landes we have went
For kyng Henry us has sent,
For to seke hym a qwene
The fayreste that myghte fonde bene.”
Upros a kyng off a chayer
With that word they spoke ther.
The chayer was [of] charboncle ston,
Swylk on ne sawgh they never non:
And tuo dukes hym besyde,
Noble men and mekyl off pryde,
And welcomed the messangers ylkene.
Into that schyp they gunne gone....
They sette tresteles and layde a borde;
Cloth of sylk theron was sprad,
And the kyng hymselve bad,
That his doughter were forth fette,
And in a chayer before hym sette.
Trumpes begonne for to blowe;
Sche was sette forth in a throweb

o immediately.

+ [loft, deck.)

s[wyndlace. ]

6 [" To dyverse londes do we wende."]

With twenty knyghtes her aboute
And moo off ladyes that wer stoute....
Whenne they had nygh i-eete,
Adventures to speke they nought forgeete.
The kyng ham tolde, in hys resoun
It com hym thorugh a vysyoun,
In his land that he cam froo,
Into Yngelond for to goo;
And his doughtyr that was so dere
For to wende bothe in fere,
“ In this manere we have us dyght
Into that lande to wende ryght.”
Thenne aunsweryd a messanger,
Hys name was callyd Bernager,
“ Forther wole we seke nought

To my lord she schal be brought."
They soon arrive in England, and the lady is lodged in the
Tower of London, one of the royal castles.

The messangers the kyng have tolde
Of that ladye fayr and bold,
Ther he lay in the Tour
Off that lady whyt so flour.
Kyng Henry gan hym son dyght,
With erls, barons, and manye a knyght,
Agayn the lady for to wende:
For he was curteys and hende.
The damysele on lond was led,
And clothes of gold before her spred,
And her fadyr her beforn
With a coron off gold icorn;
The messangers be ylk a syde
And menstralles with mekyl pryde
Kyng Henry lyght in hyyng
And grette fayr that uncouth kyng....
To Westemenstre they wente in fere
Lordyngs and ladys that ther were.



Trumpes begonne for to blowe,

To meted they wente in a throwe, &c. The first of our hero's achievements in chivalry is at a splendid tournament held at Salisbury. Clarendon near Salisbury was one of the king's palaces'.

Kyng Rychard gan hym dysguyse,
In a ful strange queyntyse 8.
He cam out of a valaye
For to se of theyr playe,
As a knyght aventurous.
Hys atyre was orgoloush:
Al togyder cole black
Was hys horse withoute lacke;
Upon hys crest a raven stode,
That yanedi as he wer wode.
He bare a schafte that was grete and strong,
It was fourtene foot long;
And it was grete and stout,
One and twenty ynches about. *

d to dinner.

e line 135.

inceptis per eundem Nicolaum et non ' In the pipe-rolls of this king's reign, perfectis, 5261. 165. 5d. ob. per Br. Reg." I find the following articles relating to Again, Rot. Pip. 39 Hen. 111. “ SUDthis ancient palace, which has been al HAMT. Comp. Nova forestæ. Et in triready mentioned incidentally. Rot. Pip: ginta miliaribus scindularum (shingles] 1 Ric. I. “WILTEs. Et in cariagio vini faciend. in eadem foresta et cariand. easRegis a Clarendon usque Woodestoke, dem usque Clarendon ad domum regis 34s. 4d. per Br. Reg. Et pro ducendis ibidem cooperiandam, 6l. et 1 marc. per 200 m. (marcis] a Saresburia usque Bris- Br. Reg.. "Et in 30 mill. scindularum tow, 75. 4d. per Br. Reg. Et pro du- faciend. in eadem, et cariand. usque cendis 2500 libris a Saresburia usque Clarendon, 11l. 10s.” And again, in Glocestriam, 26s. 10d. per Br. Reg. Et the same reign the canons of Ivy-church pro tonellis et clavis ad eosdem denarios. receive pensions for celebrating in the Et in cariagio de 4000 marcis a Sarum royal chapel there. Rot. Pip. 7 Hen. III. usque Suthanton, et pro tonellis et aliis “ WILTES. Et canonicis de monasterio necessariis, 8s. et ld. per Br. Reg.” ederoso ministrantibus in Capella de And again in the reign of Henry the Clarendon. 351. 7d. ob." Stukeley is Third. Rot. Pip. 30 Hen. III. “WILTE- mistaken in saying this palace was built SCIRE. Et in una marcelsia ad opus by king John. regis et reginæ apud Clarendon cum & See Du Cange, Gl. Lat. COINTISE. duobus interclusoriis, et duabus cameris proud, pompous.

yawned. privatis, hostio veteris aulæ amovendo in . (It is “ One and twenti inches porticu, et de eadem aula camera facienda aboute.” So doctor Farmer's manucum camino et fenestris, et camera pri- script, purchased from Mr. Martin's livata, et quadam magna coquina quadrata, brary. See supr. p. 124. Note i. This et aliis operationibus, contentis in Brevi, is in English. --ADDITIONS.]

The fyrst knyght that he there mette,
Ful egyrly he hym grette,
With a dente amyd the schelde;

His hors he bar doun in the felde, &c. A battle-ax which Richard carried with him from England into the Holy Land is thus described.

King Richard, I understond,
Or he went out of Englond,
Let him make an axel for the nones,
To breke therwith the Sarasynsm bones.
The head was wrought right wele;
Therin was twenty pounde of stele;
And when he came into Cyprus lond,
The ax he tok in his hond.
All that he hit he all to-frapped;
The griffons" away fast rapped ;
Natheles many he cleaved,
And their unthanks ther by lived;
And the prisoun when he cam to,
With his ax he smot right tho,

Dores, barres, and iron chains, &c. This formidable axe is again mentioned at the siege of Acon or Acre, the antient Ptolemais.

Kyng Rychard aftyr, anon ryght,
Toward Acres gan hym dyght;

line 267. I Richard's battle-ax The Byzantine Greeks are often is also mentioned by Brunne, and on called Griffones by the historians of the this occasion, Chron. p. 159.

middle ages. See Du Cange Gloss * The Crusades imported the phrase Ville-Hard. p. 363. See also Rob. Jeu Sarrazionois, for any sharp engage. Brun. Chron. p. 151. 157. 159. 160. ment, into the old French romances. 165. 171. 173. Wanley supposes that Thus in the Roman of ALEXANDER, the Griffin in heraldry was intended to MSS. Bibl. Bodl. ut supr. P. i. signify a Greek, or Saracen, whom they Tholomer le regrette et le plaint en

thus represented under the figure of an Grijois,

imaginary eastern monster, which never Et dist que s'il cussent o culz telz vingt existed but as an armorial badge. et trois,

° line 2196 Il nous eussent fet un jeu SARRAZIONOIS.

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