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If y such a Doctrine, in St. James's air, Shou'd chance to make the well-drest Rabble stare; If honest S*z take fcandal at a Spark, That less admires the ? Palace than the Park: Faith I shall give the answer a Reynard gave: “ I cannot like, dread Sir, your Royal Cave: 115 " Because I see, by all the tracks about,

many a Beast goes in, but none come out." Adieu to Virtue, if you're once a Slave: Send her to Court, you send her to her grave.

Well, if a King's a Lion, at the least The People are å måny-headed Beast: Can they direct what measures to pursue, Who know themselves so little what to do? Alike in nothing but one Luft of Gold, Just half the land would buy, and half be sold: 125 Their Country's wealth our mightier Misers drain, Or cross, to plunder Provinces, the Main ;

NOTES. VER. 124. Alike in nothing but one Lust of Gold, Just half the land would buy, and half be fold:] Here the argument suffers a little for the sake of the fatire. The reason why the People should not be followed is because

Bellua multorum eft capitum. nam quid sequar, aut quem? they are so divers in their pursuits (says Horace) that one can. not follow this man without being condemned by that. The imitator fays, they all go on one common principle, the luff of gold. This inaccuracy, tho’Horace has a little of it, yet he has however artfully disguised it, by speaking of the various ob

a Cruftis et pomis viduas venentur avaras,

Excipiantque senes, quos in vivaria mittant :

e Multis occulto crescit res fenore. f

verum

Esto, aliis alios rebus ftudiisque teneri :

Iidem eadem poffunt horam durare probantes?

& Nullus in orbe finus Baiis praelucet amoenis,

Si dixit dives ; h lacus et mare

fentit amorem

Festinantis heri: cui fi i vitiofa libido

Fecerit auspicium; cras ferramenta Teanum

NOTES.
jects of this one Paffion, avarice, as of so many various passions,

Pars hominum gestit conducere publica : Junt qui, etc.
Cruftis et pomis

Multis occulto, etc.
but his imitator has unwarily drawn them to a point, by the in
troductory addition of the two lines above,

Alike in nothing, etc.
VER. 126. Their Country's wealth our mightier Mifers drain,
The undertakers for advancing Loans to the Public on the Funds

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The rest, fome farm the Poor-box, some the Pews;
Some keepAssemblies, and would keep the Stews;
Somed with fat Bucks on childless Dotards fawn;
Some win rich Widows by their Chine and Brawn;
While with the silent growth of ten per cent,
In dirt and darkness, hundreds stink content.

Of all these ways, if each pursues his own,
Satire be kind, and let the wretch alone: 135
But show me one who has it in his pow'r
To act consistent with himself an hour.
Sir Job 8 fail'd forth, the ev'ning bright and still,
“No place on earth (hecry'd) like Greenwich hill!"
- Up starts a Palace, lo, th' obedient base 140
Slopes at its foot, the woods its fides embrace,
The silver Thames reflects its marble face.
Now let some whimsy, or that · Dev'l within
Which guides all those who know not what they

mean, But give the Knight (or give his Lady) spleen;

NOTES. They have been commonly accused of making it a job. But in fe corrupt times, the fault is not always to be imputed to a Ministry : it having been found, on trial, that the wiseft and most virtuous citizen of this or any other age, with every requisite knowledge in such matters, and supported by all the weight an honest Administration could afford him, was, they fay, unable to abolish this inveterate mystery of iniquity. VER. 143. Now let some whimsy, etc.] This is very spirited,

Tolletis, fabri, lectus genialis in aula eft?

Nil ait effe prius, melius nil coelibe vita ;

Si non eft, jurat bene folis effe maritis.

Quo teneam vultus mutantem Protea nodo?

Quid " pauper? ride; mutat ocoenacula, leetas,

Balnea, P tonfores; conducto navigio aeque

Nauseat, ac locuples quem ducit priva triremis.

? Si curatus inaequali tonsore capillos

Occurro; rides. fi forte fubucula pexae

Trita subest tunicae, vel fi toga disidet impar;

Rides. quid, 'mea Cum pugnat fententia secum;

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NOTES. but much inferior to the elegance of the original,

Cui si vitiofa Libido Fecerit auspicium which no modern imitation can reach.

VER. 155. They change their weekly Barber, etc.] These fix

ever

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Away, away ! take all your scaffolds down, “For Snug’s the word: My dear!we'll live in Town.”

At am'rous Flavio is the k stocken thrown?
That very night he longs to lie alone.

The Fool, whose Wife elopes some thrice a quarter,
For matrimonial folace dies a martyr. 151
Did Proteus, Merlin, any witch,
Transform themselves so strangely as the Rich?
Well, but the "Poor--The Poor have the same itch;
They change their oweekly Barber, weekly News,
Prefer a new Japanner, to their shoes, 156
Discharge their Garrets, move their beds, and run
(They know not whither) in a Chaise and one;
They hire their sculler, and when once aboard,
Grow fick, and damn the climate-like a Lord. 160

9 You laugh, half Beau, half Sloven if I stand, My wig all powder, and all snuff

miy band;
You laugh, if coat and breeches strangely vary,
White gloves, and linen worthy Lady Mary!
But when 'no Prelate's Lawn with hair-shirt lin’d,
Is half so incoherent as my Mind,

166

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NOTES. lines much more spirited than the original. In Horace, the People's constancy of temper is satirized only in a simple expo

Vol. IV.

* 14

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