« הקודםהמשך »
“ But I ought first to inform you, who informed me, that the Rajah had that I have visited other places where appointer the next day, at twelve the Gospel is preached to the Hin- o'clock, to receive me. Immediate doos. In some parts of the Deccan ly on entering, the Rajah led me up the newly.converted Christians have to the portrait of the late Mr. Swartz, suffered persecution. This persecu. and discoursed about that good man, tion has, however, been thus far and of his present happiness in a useful, that it shews the serious heavenly state. I then addressed the change of mind in the Hindoo who Rajah, and thanked him in the name can bear it. For it is often alleged of Christians in Europe, and in India in India, that the Hindoo can never for his kindness to the late Mr. be so much attached to Christ, as Swartz, and to his successors, and the Bramin is to his Idol.
particularly for his recent acts of be“ When I was at Tranquebar, I nevolence to the Christians residing visited the church built by the pious within the province of Tanjore. He Ziegenbalg. His body lies on one has erected a college for Hindoos, side the altar, and that of G. indler* Musselmen, and Christians, in which on the other. Above are the epi. provision is made for the instruction taphs of both written in Latin, and of fifty Christian children. Having engraved on plates of brass. The heard of the fame of the ancient San. church was consecrated in 1718, and scrit and Marattah library of the Ziegenbalg and Grudler both died kings of Tanjore, I requested his Exwithin two years after. I saw also cellency would present a catalogue of the dwelling-house of Ziegenbalg. its volumes to the College of Fort In the lower apartment are yet kept William. The Bramins had former. the registers of the church. In them ly remonstrated against this being I found the name of the first heathen done ; but the Rajah was now pleased baptized by Ziegenbalg, and recorded to order a copy to be made out, and I by himself in 1707. I also saw old have it already in my possession. It men whose fathers saw Ziegenbalg. is voluminous, and in the Marattah I first heard in Ziegenbalg's church, character, for that is the language of and from the pulpit where he preach the Tanjore Court. ed, the Gospel published to the Hin- “ Next day I sat some hours with doos in their own tongue. On that the Missionaries, conversing on the occasion they sung the Hundredth general state of the mission. They Psalm to Luther's tune. To me it want help : their vineyard is increas. was an affecting scene. Tranquebar, ed, and their labourers are decreased. however, is not now what it was. It is They have hitherto had no supply from only the classic ground of the Gospel. Germany in the room of Swartz, lænEuropean infidelity has eaten out the icke, and Gericke, and have no pros. truth like a canker. A remnant in. pect of supply: It appears to deed is left, but the glory is departed that the glory is departed from Gerto Tanjore. When I entered the many, and God has given it to Eng. province of Tanjore the Christians land. Last Sunday and Monday came out of the villages to meet me. were great days with the Christians There first I heard the name of Swartz at Tanjore. It being rumoured that pronounced by a Hindoo. When I a friend of the late Mr. Swartz had arrived at the capital, I waited on arrived, the people assembled from all Mr. Kolhoff, the successor to Mr. quarters. On Sunday morning, three Swartz. There also I found two oth- sermons were preached in three dif. er Missionaries, the Rev. Dr. John ferent languages. At right o'clock and Mr. Horst, who were on a visit we proceeded to the Church built by to Mr. Kolhoff.
Mr. Swartz within the fort. From “ On the same day I paid my res- Mr. Swartz's pulpit I preached in pects to the Company's Resident, English, from Mark xiii. 10. 'And
the Gospel must first be published See Christ. Obser. Vol. for 1806, among all nations. The Resident, p. 308 and 607. These two men were and other Gentlemen, civil and milishe first Protestant missionaries to Ine tary at the place, attended, and also
.the Missionaries, Catechists, and Vol. III. No. 3.
English troops. After this service niy cast and my inheritance among was over, the native congregation as- men, but in heaven Fshall obtain sembled in the same church, and fil- new name and a better inheritance led the aisles and porch. The ser- through Jesus Christ our Loril.' The vice commenced with the Common minister then adds, "My beloved prayer, read by an inferior minister, brethren, what shalt von obtain in in which all the congregation joined hearen?'
. They immediately answer with loud fervour.
A chapter of the in one voice; A new name and an inBible was then read, and a hymn of heritance thro' Jesus Christ our Lord.' Luther's sung. Some voices in tenor It is impossible for a stranger not to and bass gare niach harmony to the be afiected at this scene. Children psalmody, as the treble was distin- of tender years inquire of each other, guished by the predominant voices of and attempt the responses. This custhe women and boys. After a short torn is cleduced from Ziegenbalg, who e tempore prayer, during which the proved its use from long experience. whole assembly knelt on the floor, “After the Tamul service was endo the Rev. Dr. John delivered an clo- cd, I returned with the missionaries quent and animated sermon in the Ta. into the restry or library. Here ! mul tongue, from these words, je- was introduced to the elders and cat. suis stood and cried, If any man echists of the Church. Among oththirst, let him come unto me and ers came Sattianaden the celebrat. drink.' As Mr. Whitefield, on his ell preacher. He is now stricken in first coming to Scotland, was surpris. years, and his black locks have grown eri at the rustling of the leaves of the grey. As I returned from the Bible, which took place immediately Church I saw the Christian families on bis pronouncing his text, so I was going back in crowds to the country, here surprised at a noise of a different and the mothers asking the boys to kind, viz. that of the iron pen engrar. read passages from their ollas. ing the palmyra leaf. Many persons “ At four o'clock in the afternoon, had their olbas in their hands writing we went to the little chapel in the the sermon in Tamul short hand. mission garden out of the fort, built Mr. Kolhoff assured me, that some also by Mr. Swartz, and in which his of them are so expert in this, that body now lies. This was a solemn serthey do not lose one word of tie vice. Mr. Horst preached in the Porpreacher ; and the sermon of the tuguese language from these words, morning is regularly read in the • Ye who sometimes were afar off, evening by the Catechist from his Pal. are made nigh by the blood of Christ.' myra leaf
I sat on a granite stone which cov. “ Another custom obtains wbich I ered Swartz's grave. The epitaph is may mention. In the midst of the in English verse, and written by tho discourse, the preacher puts a ques. present Rajah, who has signed his tion to his congregation, who respond, name to it. The organ here accomwithout hesitation, in one voice. The panieil the voice, and the preacher object is to keep their attention addressed the people in an animated awake; and the answer is generally discourse of pure doctrine. In the prompted by the minister himself. evening Mr. Kolhoff presided at the Thus, suppose he is saying, • My exercise in the schools ; on which dear brethren, it is true you are now occasion the serion of the morning a despised people, being cast out by was repeated, and the boys' ollas. the Bramins, but think not that your examined. state is peculiar ; for the Pharisee “ In consequence of my having ex. and the worldly man is the Bramin pressed a wish to hear Sattianaden of high and low cast in Europe. All preach, Mr. Kolhoff had given notice true Christians must lose their cast in to the congregation in the morning, this world. Some of you are now fol. that there would be divine service lowing your Lord in the regenera- next day. Accordingly the place tion, under circumstances of peculiar was crowded at an early hour. There suffering ; but let every such one be appeared more of a divine unction in of good cheer, and say, I have lost this assembly on this occasion, that
on any of the former. Sattianaden bles. I mean to proceed from this delivered his discourse with much place to Madura, where the Roman natural eloquence, and visible effect. Catholics cover the land. Mr. PohHis subject was the marvellous light! le told me that one of their priests, He first described the pagan dark- who was lately in this ricinity, prcachness, then the light of Ziegenbalg, ed the doctrine of the atonement with then the light of Swartz, then the ef- great clearness and force ; in conseforts making in all lands to produce quence of which he was removed by light, and, lastly, the hearenly light, his superiors. I shall endeavour to when there shall be no more need of find him out. Some of the Romish the light of the sun nor of the moon. Churches are very corrupt, mingling In quoting a passage, he desireil a Pagan superstitions with Romisli cerlower minister to read it, listened to it emonies. It is nevertheless true, as to a record, and then procecded to that the Jesuits have hewed wood the illustration. The responses by and drawn water for the Protestant the audience were frequently called mission.”
Ch. Ob. for. He concluded with a feryent prayer for the Church of England. After service, I went up to Sattina. dei, and took him by the band, and the old Christians came round a•
British and Foreign Bible Society. bout weeping. He said he was un. On the 6th inst. the BRITISH AND worthy to preach before his teachers. FOREIGN Bible Society held their The people asked me about Bengal, third annual meeting, which was niisaying they had heard good news from merously and respectably attended. thence. i told them the news was The President' (Lord Teigunouth) good ; but that Bengal was exactly a read from the chair a report of the hundred years behind Tanjore. Mr. proceedings during the last year,
from Kolhoff is a man of meek'spirit,' but wtrich it appears that the society årdent faith, labouring in season, and have distributed, either gratuitously out of season. His congregation is or at reduced prices, many copies of daily increasing Soon after leav. Bibles and Testaments in various ing Tanjore, I passed through the languages ; and that by their encour. woods inhabited by the Colleries or agement and pecuniary aid, presses theives who are now humanized by have been set up at Basle, Berlin, the Gospel. They were clamorous and Copenhagen, for the purpose of for a minister. They have Churches supplying the scriptures in the Ger. bot no European minister.
man, Bohemian, Icelandic, and other "At Tritchinopoly is the Church languages, to countries which are in first built by Swartz, and called by great need of them. The Sociсty him Christ's Church. At this station have further granted 20001. to their there are a great number of English, corresponding committee at Calcutta, civil and military. On Sunday morn- for the parpose of aiding the transing 1 preached from these words, lations of the scriptures into the na
For we have seen his star in the east, tive languages of Oriental India. and are come to worship him.' Dr. An abstract of this report, as well John, who followed me thither, as of the reports of the proceedings preached afterward to the Tamu con- of the missionary and other socie. gregation. Next morning a serjcant ties, will appear in a future numcalled on me, who said he had the heavenly light in the East, and On the 12th ult. a Sermon was wanted Bibles for the religious Eng. preached and a collection made at lish soldiers. There is a great cry Bentinck Chapel, St. Mary-le-Bone, for Bibles in this country, both by the by the Rer. Basil Woodd. M. A. for native and European Christians. Mr. the benefit of the Society for MisPohle, the German missionary here, sions to Africa and the East, when told me he could dispose of 1000 Bi- the sum of 1781. 146. was obtained.
List of New Publications. A PHILOSOPHICAL Grammar of ion the one thing needful. By David the English Language.
By Noah Tappan, D. D. late Hollis Professor Webster', Esq.
New Haven. of Divinity in the University at Cam. Steele, & Co. for Brisban & Bannan, bridge. To which is prefixed, Me. New York. 1807
moirs of the Life and Character of An oration del sered at Northamp- Dr. Tappan, and Dr. Holines' Diston, July 4th, 1807, on the anniversa. course at his funeral. 1 vol. 8vo, ry celebration of American Inde- W. Hilliard and Lincoin & Edmands, pendence. By Jonathan H. Lyman. 1807. Northampton. T.M. Pomroy. 1807. Burlamaqui on Natural and Politic
An oration, delivered at Salisbury, Law. 2 vols. 8vo. Fifth edition, N. H. July 4th, 1807.
By Ezekiel corrected. W. Hilliard, Cambridge. Webster. Concord. G Hough. 1807. Essays moral, economical, and po.
Doddridge's Family Expositor, litical. By Francis Bacon, Baron of Vol. II. Samuel Etheridge. Charles- Verulam, Viscount St. Albans, and town. 1807.
Lord High Chancellor of England, Rees' Cyclopædia, Vol. V. Part. I. First American edition. Boston. Jo, S. Bradford. Philadelphia.
seph Greenleaf. 1807. Lectures on the Jewish Antiquities. The New Universal Letter Writer. By David Tappan, D. D. late Hollis By Rev. Thomas Cook, Boston. Jou Professor of Divinity in the University seph Greenleaf. 1807. at Cambridge. 1 vol. 8vo. W. Hil.
The Mourning Husband. A Dis, liard and Lincoln & Edmands. 1807. course at the Funeral of Mrs. Thank
Sermons on important subjects, viz. ful Church, late consort of the Rev, On Christian Zeal. On Brotherly Re- Jolin H. Church, Pastor of the Church proof. On secret Faults and pre- in Pelham, N. H. April 15, 1806. sumptuous Sins. On the Love of God. By Leonard Woods, Pastor of a On the Love of our Neighbour. On Church in Newbury. Second Edition. Christian Charity. On the Vices of Boston. Lincoln & Edmands. 1807. the Tongue. The Character of the Wise Man. On the Pleasures of Re. Andrews & Cummings, and L. ligion. The want of a practical Re. Blake, propose to reprint by subscripgard to Religious Truth, the Cause of tion, A Dissertation on the Prophedangerous speculative Errors. Naa- cies, that have been fulfilled, are now mar the Leper. On the Love of the fulfilling, or will hereafter be fulfilled, World. On the Divine Preference relative to the Great Period of 1260 of Mercy to Sacrifice. On Christian Years ; the Papal and Mohammedan Hope. The Christian Pattern. Reli- Apostasies; the tyrannical reign of gious Joy explained and recommend. Antichrist, or the Infidel Power ; and ed. On Prayer. The Spirit, Em- the Restoration of the Jews, By the ployment and Design of the Christian Rev. George Stanley Faber, B. D. Ministry. The Benefits of A Miction. Vicar of Stockton-upon-tees. On the Duty and Advantages of Wors shipping God. On Forgiveness. On The second edition of President the Connexion between denying the Webber's Mathematical Text Book, Son and denying the Father. Relig: W. Hilliard. Cambridge.
IN THE PRESS.
Drdination. Ordained at Canaan, (New York) the consecrating prayer. The Rev. the 17th March last, Rev. Azariah Jacob Catlin, of Now Marlborough, Clark. The introductory praver was gave the charge. The Rev. Jonathan made by the Rev. David Perry of L. Pomeroy of Worthington gave the Richmond. The Rev. Alvan Hyde right hand of fellowship. The Rev. of Lee, preached the sermon. The Jolin Morse of Green River made the Rey. Thomas Allen of Pittsfield made concluding prayer.
Character of Mrs. Elizabeth Devens, wife of Richard Devens, Esq. who died
at Charlestown, ( Mass.) Aug: 5. 1807. Aged 80. MRS. DEVENS was a Christian of fulness for intermingled mercies, she distinguished piety. She exhibited endured her confinement and bodily evidence in her devotional and exem- infirmities ; how deep was her sense plary life, that she knew from her own of unworthiness; how tender her af. experience the blessedness of those, fection for, and how firm her confi. who are chosen of God, and whom he dence in her Saviour, on whose mer. causeth to approach him. She knew its alone she depended for pardon and what it was to draw near to God, and salvation. Weaned from this world, to hold communion with him. She her conversation was about heavenly possessed in a happy degree the know- things, on which were placed her su. ledge and love implied in this duty; preme affections. In her last sick. and few Christians have oftener felt ness, which brought her enfeebled themselves in his immediate pres- body to the grave, her faith was live. ence, or performed all their duties ly and unwavering; her hope was with more sincerc views to promote raised, even to assurance ; her com. the glory of God. Entire conformity forts were strong; no temptations to the divine character, and submis- were permitted to assail ber; no sion to his will, were her constant doubts or fears perplexed or alarmed aim and study. She was desirous her. With a smile she yielded her " to have no will of her own," but to soul into the arms of her Saviour, and lave God all in all. Her life for a in him she fell asleep. In her life, long period before her decease, was under her sufferings, and in her death, a life of self-denial and suffering. The were exhibited the precious fruits of Christian virtues, which distinguish- the doctrines of grace, which she had ed and adorned her character, were cordially embraced, as the truth of of course those, which flourish best in God. In reference to her, it may be retirement and aflliction ; patience, truly said, “ Blessed are the dead who resignation, meekness and devotion. die in the Lord, that they may rest In the exercise of these virtues, those from their labours, and their works who were conversant with her, can do follow them." witness, how often, and with what de- A short time before her death, she light, she approached her God; with repeated the following lines, which what humble submission, and thank- were penned, as she uttered them :
“ Cold death my heart invades, and I must die ;
Therefore with joy resign thy dying breath." In contemplating the death of such tant instruction to all the living a Christian, who will not exclaim ; Their language is, If ye would “Let me die the death of the righte- die as we have died, live near to God, ous, and let any last end be like theirs.” and know from your own experience, Such Christians, in their death, leave as we have known, the blessedness of solid ground for comfort to their sur. that man, whom the Lord chooseth, viving relatives. They afford impor- and causeth to approach unto him.