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number of anecdotes, and circumstances, descriptive and historical, relative so Egypt, Arabia, &c. &c.
NOVELS. Art. 27. Masquerades; or what you will, By the Author of
Eliza Warwick, &c. Small 8vo. 4. Vols, 12 s bounde" Bew,
We have already had the honour of paying our respects to the Writer of this Novel. The praise we formerly bestowed, is fill more copiously merited.
The story, on which the preseot work is founded, is too long and too complicated to admit of an abridgment in our Journal. Perhaps it will be deemed tedious and prolix; and here and there the tautology of love may disgutt the cold and more critical reader. But with all its redundancies and imperfections, we think this is a very inteselling and entertaining Novel: and we sincerely wish that all who love like Oímond and Julia may fhare in the bliss which, after a thousand vicisitudes and perplexities (the best trials of love!) crown. ed their fincerity ; while to treachery we can with no feverer panithment than Lady Somerville met with, when, instead of gaining the object of her licentious desires, the only haileged the consummation of a rival's happiness, and stood detected to the world as a compound of the most deiellable vices.
After this encomium on the general merit of these volumes, the Author will excuse us if we point out a great defect in its moral tendency.--Dilimulation, and even downright falsehood, are, in several places, charged to the account of the belt characters of the ttory, without any marked disapprobation, from their own confciences, or the Writer's pen. We know the common apology that is made on these occasions. But truth is too sacred to be dispensed with, on such flight accounts--if it be even warrantable, on what may be deemed, the most important and prefing occurrence of human life. Even bere, truth should not be so sported with as to make it crouch to necelicy, without ftrong reluctance or deep repentance. We admire the delicacy and fine address of Fielding on this subject. The virtuous and amiable Sophia is represented as miserable through the whole night, because her modesty had tempted her to deny, to the jealous Lady Bellafton, that she had any knowledge of Tom Jones. 'i'be refined texture of her soul was so hocked by this inroad on her moral principles, that no excuses or arguments that felf-love could make use of, availed to re cile her
to her conscience. We have another objection to the morality of this performance. The writer represents the virtuous Julia, who is the finest and beit character in this Novel, as not only indifferent to the fanctity of the Sabbath, but as pleading for a breach of its common decorum. In a letter, dated Sunday morning three o'clock, the is represented as delivering her sentiments on Sunday.amusemenis, in the following vain, and, we think, irreligious manner. For the sake of decency, perhaps, you think I ought to suppress this date, as it too plainly tells, we have suffered the Sabbath to shine in opon our revels. The French make no account of such encroachments; nay, their balls, plays, &c, are in preference given on Sundays: and from my having lived some years amongst then, I am so far reconciled to the custom,
as to imagine there can be no harm in enjoying on that day innocent ainusements. I am by no means fingular in the opinion; for every dancer was inspired with more life and spirit after twelve than before; and testified no scruples in indulging themselves in their recreations,
We affect no puritanical airs of unrelaxed formality and stiffness. But, putting the positive ordinance of God out of the question, we view the institution of the Sabbath, as an object of great political consequence; and are convinced from observation and reading, that, in proportion as a nation relaxes into indifference with respect to the Sabbath, so proportionably it degenerates into every species of vice and immorality which are the curle and disgrace of a country! Art. 28. Difressed Virtue, or the History of Mifs Harriet Nela fon; in which is included the unhappy Story of Miss Caroline Le
In a series of Letters, "12mo, 3 Vols. 95. Noble, '1781.. • I am aware (says the Author), that many, on reading this little Work, will throw it aside with much disdain.' We are very much of the Author's opinion.
MEDICA L. Art. 29. Observations, Medical and Political, on the Small-pox ***
and Inoculacion ; and on the Decrease of Mankind at every Age, with a comparative View of the Diseases most fatal to London dür ing Ninety Years. Including an Attempt to demonftrate in what manner London may save near 2000, Great Britain and Ireland between 20,000 and 30,000, and Europe about 390,005 lives annually. By W. Black, M. D. 8vo. 2 s. od. Johnfon, 1781..'
This Author begins his work with a short account of the origin of the small-pox and measles ; their early treatment, the introduction of inoculation, and its success; and the proportions dying in the natural and inoculated small-pox. He then pretty much at length ters into the controversy between Baron Dimsdale and the patrons of the inoculating dispensary in London, very warmly taking part with the latter, and animadverting on the Baron with more strength than liberality. As we have already declared our opinion on this head, and shown in how small a compass the tress of the argument lies,' we may excuse ourselves from taking further notice of this new dir. putant. We are obliged, however, by our duty to the Readers of the Review, to apprize them, that they will be much dir ppointed with the conclusion of this chapter, so oftentatiously held forth in the title. page as a project for saving such mulcitudes of lives; as it is nothing more than a crude hint, thrown out in a sentence or two, of the advantages which would result from universal inoculation at an early age, or a total extermination of the small-pox. This is so obvious a matter, that unless the Author had some probable scheme to offer for effecting these great purposes, he might as well have said nothing about it.
The remainder of the work consists of extracts from bills of morta lity, with various observations, some of the Author's own, but the greater part taken from other writers. A commentary of some length is given upon all the diseases returned in the London bills; but the Author himself appears sufficiently aware of the little dependence to be placed-upon lifts formed in to careless and inaccurate a manner. ?
Art. 30. A Treatise of Midwifery, comprehending the Manage
ment of Female Complaints, and the Treatment of Children in early Infancy. To which are added, Prescriptions for Women and Children, and Directions for preparing a variety of Food and Drinks, adapted to the circumstances of lying-in Women. Di. vefted of technical terms and abstruse theories. By Alexander Hamilton, Profeffor of Midwifery in the University of Edinburgh, and Member of the Royal College of Surgeons. 8vo, 6 s. boards, Murray, 1781.
This is a very complete system of every thing necessary to be learned by female practitioners in the obstetric art. It is sufficiently plain and intelligible for a reader of any tolerable education, and appears in general founded on the most rational principles and approved practice. If the venerable sisterhood were all capable of Itudying such a work as this, and unprejudiced enough to be directed by it, we would ven. ture to promise them, that they would regain a great part of what they complain of having loft by the usurpations of the other sex. Art. 31. A short Enquiry into the Merit of Solvents, so far as
may be necessary to compare them with the operation of Lithotomy. By Jere Whitaker Newman, Member of the Corporation of Surgeons, London, 8vo, 1s. 6d. Dodsley, 1781.
We do not imagine that at present any great reliance is placed on the proposed solvents for the stone; at the same time we cannot be surprised that such an operation as that of lithotomy is not submitted to without delay and reluctance. The present Writer's remarks on this subject are sensible enough, but, we apprehend, they will not be , thought new. Art. 32. Some Observations on the Origin and Progress of the
Atrabilicus Confitution and Gout. Chap. 4. containing the regular cardinal Fit. By William Grant, M. D. 8vo. Is. 6 d. Cadell, 1781.
This ingenious physician, whose former tract on this subject we perused with confiderable satisfaction, proceeds, in that before us, in his plan of giving a plain and practical treatise on the gout. He judiciously takes Sydenham for his guide in the present part, quoting largely from that admirable Writer, and subjoining his own remarks by way of commentary. We find no particular observations which it seems important to point out to our medical readers ; but we do not hesitate to recommend the whole to the perusal of those who wish to acquire such a knowledge of this disease as may enable them to direct themselves or others in the safest and most judicious method of managing it. Art. 33. An Esay on Culinary Poisons; containing Cautions
relative to the Use of Laurel Leaves, Hemlock, Mushrooms, Cop.. per Vessels, Earthen Jars, &c. with Observations on the Adulie. ration of Bread and Flour, and the Nature and Properties of Wa. ter. 8vo, 1 s. Kearly, 1781. A plain concise treatise, designed for the use of good housewives, who may derive from it some valuable instruction.
• See Review for July 1780, p. 6o.
RELIGIOUS. Art. 34. Orthodoxy and Charity united: Three Conferences, be
tween a rigidly Orthodox, and a Moderate Man, on the Importance of any Human Explication of the Doctrine of the Trinity , being an Attempt towards putting an End to the Trinitarian Controversy. To which is now prefixed, a New Introduction, obviaring some Objections, and an Abtract of an Effay against Uncharitableness. By the late Rev. J. Watts, D. D. 8vo. Exeter, printed for the Author; sold by Buckland, London.
We have here a new edition of a tract first publihed about two years ago, entitled, The Importance of Truth, &c. it was commended in our Review for May 1779; and it is now republished with the above mentioned Introduction. To the whole is prefixed the following
• APOLOGY to the PUBLIC;' • More than enough has doubeless been written, by persons in all the varioos sentiments, on the doctrine of the Trinity; fo that the world is almost weary of the subject, and every fresh publication is likely to be received with disgust.
• It is hoped, however, that an attempt towards putting an end to the controversy, by reconciling the contending parties, may claim from all, and will find from the candid, some peculiar indulgence.
• The following introduction has a reference to another Effay, as well as this, proper to be bound with this, and published by the fame author, yiz. Chriftian Catholicism defended * : being a vindication of Mr. Fawcett's Candid Reflections, &c.'
The following Extract from p. 3, of the new Introduction may be given as honestly expressive of the worthy Author's leading view, in the two tracts already referred to, viz. “That after all thewarm contentions in which Christians have for so many centuries engaged on this point of doctrine, they do do not really differ fo widely in their opinions about what is most material in it, as they are generally supposed to do: and that those who are commonly censured as unfound in their principles, and by some even thought of with abhorrence, for their fupposed denial of the DE:TY OF OUR BLESSED Redeemer, do not in fait deny that doctrine, any more than those who are called ORTHODOX. If this can be proved, I apprehend it will contribute more towards the promoting of charity, than any other argument.'
In page 11, the Author makes the following declaration, which recommend to such of our Readers who pay particular attention to theological investigations, viz. If any of my honoured brethren or fathers in the miniftry are itill dissatisfied with what I have written, and think that it has a dangerous tendency, I now invite any one of them to make his remarks, either in writing or in print, and promise to pay them all due attention. I do most earnestly with to see the subject of these papers fairly and impartially investigated, and should be glad to carry on a correspondence with any calm opponent, in the manner of Dr. Price and Dr. Prieftley on another subject, having no object in view but the discovery of truth, which cannot suffer by a free discussion.'
* See Monthly Review for October 1780, p. 316.
Art. 35. The Protestant Preacher, being a select Collection
of Sermons and Discourses, by the most diftinguished British Di. vines, from the Reformation to the present Period, on the most im. portant and interefting Subjects, to the Exclusion of all Specusation and Controversy : with several valuable Originals now first published: the Whole comprehending a complete system of Practical Divinity. 8vo.
Richardson and Urquhart. 12 s. bound. 1780.
In the prefent collection, the fermons are given without methodical arrangement, and at full length. The Authors from which these two volumes are extracted are, Clark, Sberlock. Tillotson, Doddridge, Butler, Atterbury, Evans, Fojter, Swift, Blackall, Seed, Sterne, Fara quhar, Price, Leechman, Jennings, Leighton, Fleetwood, Willis. From this list of names the Reader will easily perceive, that little care has been caken, in the selection, to preserve a conlistency of character either refpecting doctrine, sentiment, or style in these Discourses.
The valuable originals announced in the title will, we suppose, ap-
Monsieur Cefar de Milli un des Chapelains Francois de la Mujejlé Britan.
Most of these discourses were delivered by the Author extempore, and are preserved by one of his hearers, who copied them from his memory, immediately after he had heard them.
The manuscripts came afterwards into the hands of the Preacher, who was so well satisfied with the judgment and fidelity with which they had been taken down, that he formed the design of reviewing them for the press. This dehign he in part executed, but was prevented from completing it by illness and death. In this present imperfect state, however, they are a faithful transcript of the Author's sentiments and manner. They every where abound with that animation which the French writers ftyle on&tion, and bear evident marks of a ready invention, lively feelings, and an honest heart. But those who have formed their talte for fermons on the English model, will probably chink them coo diffufe and declamatory, and perhaps too much tinctured with enthu. hasm. There are in the collection nine sermons on Evil-Speaking, drawn up at length by the Author, which discover much ingenuity and knowledge of the world.
CORRESPOND E N C E. W
E have been honoured with a Letter of confiderable length from
Mr. Capel Lofft, concerning the account we gave in the latt month's Review of his Principia Juris Universalis. That Gentleman, we hope, will not impute to us any want of respect for him, or for the fubjce, if we beg leave to decline entering into a controversy relating to it: nor will he imagine it is a matter of great surprise to us, if our opinion of the merits of a publication (either as to the plan or the execution), and the opinion of the Author himself, do not always