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tuaries, musicians, cooks, and confectioners; their manners display a gigantic courage, and all the pedantry of severe virtue ; their houses are more spacious than convents; their diversions, public and private, bear the impression of a masculine character; all is great and tiresome. Women are banished from fociety, and kindle the flame of love only in the breast of their husbands. Instead of dispuring the favour of the other sex, they are satisfied with giving children to the republic, with guarding their tender years, and with governing the domestic ceconomy of their families. The authority of parents and husbands (names justly ridiculous among us) enjoys its stern privileges. Marriages are fruitful; in fine, a serious uniformity of living is the prevailing character of such a people, who can fcarcely be distinguished from Bears.

. But when a ray of reason brightens their ignorance, they quit this imposing and filent gravity; they begin to cut, to shape, and to form : judgment creates rules, delicacy creates the pretty, which is above them. Our tables are no longer loaded with enormous chines of oxen, boars, and stags. Our princesses do not walh linen, neither do they fpin. Our heroes (if perchance they eat) Nightly graze the wing of a pheasant or a partridge ; several live intirely on chocolate and sweatmeats. The vulgar joys of wine they despise; and, instead of quaffing the generous bowl, fip delicate liquors, whose taste is ennobled by a delightful and refined poison. The nervous arm, the ostrich stomach, the brawny muscle, are only to be found in the fair St. Germain.

In this happy age, a certain ease is diffused over the whole commerce of life; every object is embellished, and every day produces new diversions to dispel the horrors of eternal lifleffnefs * The tone of good company is, in fine, introduced, that last accomplishment of whatever is most perfect; and the head-dress becomes the capital and important butinefs of society. Love is not that consuming fame which extorted tears from Achilles, and impelled the wandering heroes of Romana over mountains and forests. That dangerous passion is now only a matter of vanity; and the merit of our feinales is appreciated by the number and rank of their lovers. The sentiments which inflamed the imagination of our melancholy ancestora, are scarcely thought deserving even of ridicule. Thore sublime: ideas, that daring enthufiaim, which is connected with bold thoughts, and which forms great men, is confined to antiquated books, whose value is estimated, not by their intrinsic elevation and force; but by the external ornaments of style and expresion, M. de la Harpe

* The French is ennui, for which we bave, happily, no adequate explanation.

will tell us, that the works of Milton, Danté, Shakspeare, &c. are monstrous writings. The writings of the Academician, it is true, have nothing of this monstrosity.

• The beautiful itself, that polished, but cold and inanimate beauty, which never speaks to the heart, is regarded as an intellectual image, framed only to please the dreams of philosophers. But the pretty is substituted in its place. The pretty touches all the senses; is always agreeable ; its caprices are most charming. Behold those exquisite miniatures; those brittle wonders, which owe their worth to their weakness; the eye contemplates them with timid anxiety, and the fancy conceives nothing more precious.

· Let our imagination transport into the middle of our city one of those men who formerly peopled the forests of Germany, and who sometimes appear, to our astonishment, under the name of Tartars and Hungarians, you will perceive a lofty ftature, brawny limbs, a broad and firm chest, a face covered with the auguft marks of virility. The agility of such a man is equal to his strength; his fortitude despises hunger and thirst; he braves the enemy, the seasons, and death. By way of contrast, let us place by his side that amiable coxcomb, whom the Graces careffed at his birth. He exhales, at a distance, an ambrosial odour; his smile is sweet, his eyes are lively; his chin scarcely wears the impression of manhood; bis limbs are elegantly delicate, and the nimble agility of his fender arms is adapted, not to endure the labours of Mars, but to pillage, with dexterity, the treasures of love. The sparkling fally mantles on his roly lips; he flutters like the bee around the cup of flowers, and shudders at the breeze, which discomposes the lofty edifice of his crest; his impatience scarcely fixes on an idea, and his fancy is still more frisking and airy than his form. Pronounce, then, my gentle countrymen, which of the two deserves your preference ? Acknowledge that the former would throw you into convulsions of fear, while the latter daily affords you transports of pleasure.

. Let us proceed to the arts. The faithful representation of strong passions may be allowed to vary the majestic'monotony which reigns in our public theatres. But in our private entertainments, we employ the time more agreeably than in reciting the tragic scenes of the frighiful Shakspeare or the plaintive Euripides. The rhyming trifler, the sportive songster, are justly preferred to all the other natives of Parnassus. Light Anacreon's of the day! who rival, or think you rival, the old encomiast of Bathyllus, pour forth your frivolous strains, and extinguish the divine fire of Plato, the fublimity of Homer, and of all who would catch the flame of inspiration from those superior minds. Happy nation! who have pretty apartments, pretty furniture,


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pretty trinkets, pretty women, and pretty productions in verse and prose ; and who know to set a just value on this accumulation of prettiness. May you long prosper in your pretty ideas, and bring to perfection that pretty perfifflage which has gained you the esteem of all the 'petits maitres in Europe !''Soft be your repose ; and a!ways combed and powdered with propriety, may you never wake from that pretty dream which composes the flimfy texture of

your frivolous existence!' Vol. I. p. 261, in the article Nouvellistes,' or newsmongers, we have the following obfervations: A group of newsmongers, canvalling the political interests of Europe, form a common picture in the shady walks of the Luxemburgh garden. 'They settle the affairs of kingdomas, regulate the finances of sovereigns, and distribute fleets and armies over the north and south. What must astonish every sensible and well-informed man is, the shameful ignorance of these loquacious idlers, in the character, force, and political situation of England. It is true, that, in gilded palaces, the conversation on this subject is not less absurd. The French, in general, treat Englishmen, when absent, with a degree of insolence and contempt which renders themselves contemptible. They believe, as an article of faith, whatever is faid in the Gazette of France; although that Gazette, by its continual omissions, lies most impudently in the face of all Europe. A Parisian will maintain that France, when the pleafes, may subdue England; make a descent on London; and prohibit the natives from the navigation of the Thames. This is the style of men who reason well

enough on other subjects. Nobles, princes, men of letters, all adopt the prejudices of the vulgar; and when they talk of the British conftitution, argue as absurdly as the journalist, who criticises Milton and Shakspeare without understanding a word of the English language.'

M. Mercier is the declared enemy of Neckar. Under the chapter ANNUITANTS (Vol. I. p. 143), a class of men greatly increased by that minister, he defines a rentier, or ånnuitant, < one who has made the King his universal legatee, and fold his friends and his posterity at the rate of 10 per cent. How can a wise government encourage the numerous and incredible evils which result from this practice? Idleness rewarded, friendship dissolved, the ties of blood broken asunder, celibacy authorised, and selfishness triumphant.'

We could translate with pleasure our Author's observations on style, conversation, the tone of good company, the French Academy, and many other subjects, which we would recommend to the perufal of such of our Readers as would complete themselves in the education recommended by Lord Chesterfield, and learn (what is the perfection of good breeding) to treat crißes with importance, and matters of importance as



trifles. To them who doubt the foundness of his Lordship's ideas, and the justness of his principles, the Picture of Paris, faithfully delineated, will afford an agreeable entertainment, by showing, with the torch of ridicule, the littleness of vanity, the meanness of pride, the emptiness of affectation ; and by explaining the reason of a fact universally acknowledged in Europe,

that a French Fat is only ridiculous, while an Englifh coxcomb is detestable.'



For SEPTEMBER, 1781.

Art. g. 4 Persian Epiftle from Solim, Chief Eunuch at the

Grand Seraglio a: Ispanan, to the Rev. Dr. Martin Madan, on the
Publication of his late Koran, called Thelyphthora. 4to. 18,
Bew. 1781.
T is obvious to every serious and impartial Reader that the max.

ims of Thelyphthora agree infinitely better with the Koran of Mohammed than the Gospel of Jesus Chrift, and would better suit the warm climates of the Eaft than the more temperate regions of the western world. They agree better too with the despotism

of Turkey and Perfia, than the equitable conftitution of a free country; and will only be adopted where women are considered as the paves, and not the companions, of

men, Our ingenious Poet hath caught this idea, and, in our opinion, made a good use of it, in order to expose the licentious and tyrannic principles of Thelyphthora.

To you who graft on Christian plan
The doctrines of our Alcoran,
And unembarrass'd, un perplext,
Start from the sense to prove your text,
With lowly reverence I bend :
Thrice hail, Mohammed's learned friend !

* *
For tho' each Muffulman resists
Th'impoftures of the Methodifts,
Yet some among you, we can find,
For mosques, not churches, were design'd.
Of all that hypocritic crew,
Which of them hath stood forth like you,
An advocate (for fo the fact is)
Of any sin he cannot practice?
Cannot, I say th' assertion's true ;
The reason why is entre nous.

Here every Mustapha agrees
You write with inspiration's ease,

As if our Prophet from above,
To prompt you, had dispatch'd his dove.
Not Abubeker could cement
Thesis with founder argument.
Texts, well wove in, support your scheme,
And prove our Paradise no dream.
We look for't in a higher sphere,
But you have realiz'd it here.
We think (for we're of your persuasion)
Vows make not marriage, but occafior,
Vous !--what are vows before a prielt
But obstacles to nature's fealt?
While grace is said, who but a fool

Would leave a fav’rite dish to cool?' The Author of this humorous piece takes notice of Mr. Madan's worthy forerunners in the glorious cause of polygamy, among the people called Chriftians.

Your light is not quite new,

Hall and Ochinus saw it too. Of the latter we gave some account in our Review for November 1780. The former, though not so learned in the theory, was deeper in the practice of polygamy than the apoftate Capuchin. He realized his own system, and gave the credit of example to the subuilty of argument.

This Mr. Wesley Hall was originally a clergyman, but baving married a fifter of Mr. John Wesley (after a molt Mameful breach of faith to another filter) he connected himself with the Methodists, and became a faint of the firit order!

In Bishop Lavington's tract, entitled, “ The Moravians compared and detected,” we have the following account of this famous gentleman: “ Mr. Wesley Hall preached publicly at Salisbury in defence ¢ of a plurality of women, under the name of wives, and afterwards “ printed and published his infamous juftification of bigamy: dir. “ perling it about with his own hands : - a creatise, not putting in

any decent plea for having a multiplicity of women, but audaci. “ ously condemning the defenders of the matrimonial contract between ç one and ono, as weak and wicked men ; traitors to God; guilty “ of folly, falsehood, and a religious madness: and he calls it the “ moft horrible delusion that the Devil and his emissaries can propafi gate."

This is so much in concord with Mr. Madan's sentiments and language, that one would be apt to imagine that the'e two modern beroes of polygamy had conferred on the subject, and communicated to each other their reciprocal ardor of affection for this Lady of the Koran.

There is however a certain anecdote preserved respecting Mr. Ma. dan which shews, that his pallion was of a much later date ; and that Mr. Hall'had the glory of entering the lifts in behalf of the Lady, long before Mr. Madan could reconcile himself to any good opinion of her or her champion.

The anecdote comes to us well authenticated by one of Lady Hun. tingdon's Chaplains, and we will present it to our Readers' ia bis OWA words:

" Some

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