תמונות בעמוד


Heb. Chenaan.

Noah's sons people the earth.


The intoxication of Noah. A. M. 1657 18 And the sons of Noah, that 21 And he drank of the wine,

A. M. 1657. B. C. 2347.

B. C. 2347. went forth of the ark, were Shem, and was drunken; and he was and Ham, and Japheth : Wand Ham is the uncovered within his tent. father of * Canaan.

22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the 19 y These are the three sons of Noah : nakedness of his father, and told his two and of them was the whole earth overspread. brethren without.

20 `And Noah began to be a a husbandman, 23 ° And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and he planted a vineyard :

and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went Chap.x.6.

-y Chap. v. 32. — Chap. v. 29; Prov. x. 11; xii. 11; Ecclus. v.9. - Prov. xx. 1 ; viii. 17; x. 32; 1 Chron. i. 4, &c.- Chap. iii. 19, 23; iv. 2; 1 Cor. x. 12:- - Exod. xx. 12; Gal. vi. I. some disguised traditionary figure of the truth, con- Verse 21. He drank of the wine, fc.] It is very siders the rainbow as a messenger of the gods. Æn. probable that this was the first time the vine was culv., ver. 606 :

tivated'; and it is as probable that the strength or inIRIM de cælo misit Saturnia Juno.

toxicating power of the expressed juice was never

before known. Noah, therefore, might have drunk it “ Juno, the daughter of Saturn, sent down the rain at this time without the least blame, as he knew not bow from heaven ;” and again, Æn. ix., ver. 803 ::

till this trial the effects it would produce. I once knew -aeriam cælo riam Jupiter IRIM

a case which I believe to be perfectly parallel. A Demisit.

person who had scarcely ever heard of cider, and whose “For Jupiter sent down the ethereal rainbow from water, coming wet and very much fatigued to a far

beverage through his whole life had been only milk or heaven.”

mer's house in Somersetshire, begged for a little water It is worthy of remark that both these poets under- or milk. The good woman of the house, seeing him stood the rainbow to be a sign, warning, or portent very much exhausted, kindly said, " I will give you a from heaven.

little cider, which will do you more good.” The hoAs I believe the rainbow to have been intended nest man, understanding no more of cider than merely solely for the purpose mentioned in the text, I forbear that it was the simple juice of apples, after some hesito make spiritual uses and illustrations of it. Many tation drank about a half a pint of it; the consequence have done this, and their observations may be very was, that in less than half an hour he was perfectly edifying, but they certainly have no foundation in the intoxicated, and could neither speak plain nor walk! text.

This case I myself witnessed. A stranger to the cirVerse 20. Noah began to be a husbandman) vx cumstances, seeing this person, would pronounce him 09787 ish haadamah, A man of the ground, a farmer; drunk ; and perhaps at a third hand he might be reby his beginning to be a husbandman we are to under- presented as a drunkard, and thus his character be stand his recommencing his agricultural operations, blasted; while of the crime of drunkenness he was as which undoubtedly he had carried on for six hundred innocent as an infant. This I presume to have been years before, but this had been interrupted by the flood. precisely the case with Noah; and no person without And the transaction here mentioned might have occur- an absolute breach of every rule of charity and canred many years posterior to the deluge, even after dour, can attach any blame to the character of Noah Canaan was born and grown up, for the date of it is on this ground, unless from a subsequent account they not fixed in the text.

were well assured that, knowing the power and effects The word husband first occurs here, and scarcely of the liquor, he had repeated the act. Some exposiappears proper, because it is always applied to man in tors seem to be glad to fix on a fact like this, which, his married state, as wife is to the woman. The ety- by their distortion becomes a crime ; and then, in a mology of the term will at once show its propriety strain of sympathetic tenderness, affect to deplore "the when applied to the head of a family. Husband, failings and imperfections of the best of men;" when, husband, is Anglo-Saxon, and simply signifies the bond from the interpretation that should be given of the of the house or family; as by him the family is formed, place, neither failing nor imperfection can possibly united, and bound together, which, on his death, is dis- appear. united and scattered. It is on this etymology of the Verse 22-24. And Ham, the father of Canaan, word that we can account for the farmers and petty &c.] There is no occasion to enter into any detail landholders being called so early as the twelfth cen- here; the sacred text is circumstantial enough. Ham, tury, husbandi, as appears in a statute of David II., and very probably his son Canaan, had treated their king of Scotland : we may therefore safely derive the father on this occasion with contempt or reprehensible word from hus, a house, and bond, from binden, to bind levity. Had Noah not been innocent, as my exposior tie ; and this etymology appears plainer in the or- tion supposes him, God would not have endued him thography which prevailed in the thirteenth and four- with the spirit of prophecy on this occasion, and testiteenth centuries, in which I have often found the word fied such marked disapprobation of their conduct. The written house-bond ; so it is in a MS. Bible before me, conduct of Shem and Japheth was such as became pious written in the fourteenth century. Junius disputes and affectionate children, who appear to have been in this etymology, but I think on no just ground. the habit of treating their father with decency, reve

The Canaanites are cursed.


Noal's age and death.


A. M. cir. 1657. backward, and covered the naked- of Shem; and Canaan shall be ; M. cir

. 1957. ness of their father; and their shis servant. faces were backward, and they saw not their 27 God shall h enlarge Japheth, i and he father's nakedness.

shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and k Ca24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and naan shall be his servant. knew what his younger son had done unto 28 And Noah Jived after the flood three him.

hundred and fifty years. 25 And he said, "Cursed be Canaan; e a ser- 29 And all the days of Noah 4. M. 200€ vant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. were nine hundred and fifty years : 26 And he said, f Blessed be the LORD God and he died.


a Deut. xxvii. 16. Josh. ix. 23; 1 Kings ix. 20, 21. Or, servant to them. h Or, persuade. -Eph. ii. 13, 14;. * Psa. cxliv. 15; Heb. xi. 16.

ii. 6.-k Ver. 25, 26.

rence, and obedient respect. On the one the spirit of Carthage were early distinguished for their commerce, prophecy (not the incensed father) pronounces a curse : but they sooner also fell to decay; and Egypt, which on the others the same spirit (not parental tenderness) was one of the first, became the last and basest of the pronounces a blessing. These things had been just as kingdoms, Ezek. xxix. 15, and has been successively they afterwards occurred had Noah never spoken. in subjection to the Shemiles and Japhethites, as have God had wise and powerful reasons to induce him to also the settlements of the other branches of the sentence the one to perpetual servitude, and to allot to Hamites. the others prosperity and dominion. Besides, the “Shem signifies name or renown; and his indeed curse pronounced on Canaan neither fell immediately was great in a temporal and spiritual sense. The upon himself nor on his worthless father, but upon the finest regions of Upper and Middle Asia were allotted Canaanites; and from the history we have of this to his family, Armenia, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Media, people, in Lev. xviii., XX. ; and Deut. ix. 4 ; xii. 31, we Persia, &c., to the Indus and Ganges, and perhaps to may ask, Could the curse of God fall more deservedly on China eastward. any people than on these? Their profligacy was great, “ The chief renown of Shem was of a spiritual nabut it was not the effect of the curse; but, being fore- ture : he was destined to be the lineal ancestor of the seen by the Lord, the curse was the effect of their con- blessed seed of the woman; and to this glorious privi- . duct. But even this curse does not exclude them from lege Noah, to whom it was probably revealed, might the possibility of obtaining salvation ; it extends not to have alluded in that devout ejaculation, Blessed be the the soul and to eternity, but merely to their bodies and LORD, the GOD of Shem! The pastoral life of the to time; though, if they continued to abuse their liberty, Shemites is strongly marked in the prophecy by resist the Holy Ghost, and refuse to be saved on God's the tents of Shem; and such it remains to the terms, then the wrath of Divine justice must come upon present day, throughout their midland settlements in them to the uttermost. How many, even of these, Asia. repented, we cannot tell.

“Japheth signifies enlargement; and how wonderVerse 25. Cursed be Canaan) See on the preceding fully did Providence enlarge the boundaries of Japheth!

In the 25th, 26th, and 27th verses, instead His posterity diverged eastward and westward throughof Canaan simply, the Arabic version has Ham the out the whole extent of Asia, north of the great range father of Canaan ; but this is acknowledged by none of Taurus, as far as the Eastern Ocean, whence they of the other versions, and seems to be merely a gloss. probably crossed over to America by Behring's Straits

Verse 29. The days of Noah were nine hundred from Kamtschatka, and in the opposite direction and fifty years] The oldest patriarch on record, Me- throughout Europe to the Mediterranean Sea and the thuselah only excepted. This, according to the com- Atlantic Ocean ; from whence also they might have mon reckoning, was A. M. 2006, but according to Dr. crossed over to America by Newfoundland, where traces Hales, 3505.

of early settlements remain in parts now desert. Thus Ham,” says Dr. Hales, “ signifies burnt or black, did they gradually enlarge themselves till they literally and this name was peculiarly significant of the regions encompassed the earth, within the precincts of the allotted to his family. To the Cushites, or children northern temperate zone, to which their roving hunter's of his eldest son Cush, were allotted the hot southern life contributed not a little. Their progress northregions of Asia, along the coasts of the Persian Gulf, wards was checked by the much greater extent of the Susiana or Chusistan, Arabia, fc.; to the sons of Black Sea in ancient times, and the increasing rigour Canaan, Palestine and Syria; to the sons of Misraim, of the climates : but their hardy race, and enterprising, Egypt and Libya, in Africa.

warlike genius, made them frequently encroach south“ The Hamites in general, like the Canaanites of old, wards on the settlements of Shem, whose pastoral and were a seafaring race, and sooner arrived at civiliza- agricultural occupations rendered them more inactive, tion and the luxuries of life than their simpler pastoral peaceable, and unwarlike ; and so they dwelt in the and agricultural brethren of the other two families. tents of Shem when the Scythians invaded Media, and The first great empires of Assyria and Egypt were subdued western Asia southwards as far as Egypt, in founded by them, and the republics of Sidon, Tyre, and the days of Cyaxares ; when the Greeks, and afterVOL. I.




The generations of


the sons of Noah. wards the Romans, overran and subdued the Assyrians, | Gentiles, GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND, have spread Medes, and Persians in the east, and the Syrians and their colonies, their arms, their language, their arts, Jews in the south; as foretold by the Syrian prophet and in some measure their religion, from the rising to Balaam, Num. xxiv. 24:

the setting sun." See Dr. Hales's Analysis of Chro

nology, vol. i., p. 352, &c. Ships shall come from Chittim,

Though what is left undone should not cause us to And shall afflict the Assyrians, and afflict the Hebrews; lose sight of what is done, yet we have reason to laBut he (the invader) shall perish himself at last.

ment that the inhabitants of the British isles, who of “And by Moses : And the Lord shall bring thee (the all nations under heaven have the purest light of DiJews) into Egypt (or bondage) again with ships, &c., vine revelation, and the best means of diffusing it, have Deut. xxviii. 68. And by Daniel: For the ships of been much more intent on spreading their conquests Chittim shall come against him, viz., Antiochus, king and extending their commerce, than in propagating the of Syria, Dan. xi. 30. In these passages Chittim de- Gospel of the Son of God. But the nation, by getting notes the southern coasts of Europe, bounding the the Bible translated into every living language, and Mediterranean, called the isles of the Gentiles or Na- sending it to all parts of the habitable globe, and, by dions ; see Gen. x. 5. And the isles of Chillim are its various missionary societies, sending men of God mentioned Jer. ii. 10. And in after times the Tar- to explain and enforce the doctrines and precepts of tars in the east have repeatedly invaded and subdued this sacred book, is rapidly redeeming its character, the Hindoos and the Chinese; while the warlike and and becoming great in goodness and benevolence over anterprising genius of the greatest of the isles of the the whole earth!


The generations of the sons of Noah, 1. JAPHETH and his descendants, 2-4. The isles of the Gentiles,

or Europe, peopled by the Japhethites, 5. Ham and his posterity, 6–20. Nimrod, one of his descendants, a mighty hunter, 8, 9, founds the first kingdom, 10. Nineveh and other cities founded, 11, 12.

The Canaanites in their nine grand branches or families, 15–18. Their territories, 19. SHem and his posterily 21-31. The earth divided in the days of Peleg, 25. The territories of the Shemiles, 30. The whole

earth peopled by the descendants of Noah's three sons, 32. B. C. 2448.

NOW these are the generations | Ham, and Japheth : * and unto A. M 1556.

of the sons of Noah; Shem, them were sons born after the flood.

A. M. 1556.

a Genesis, chap. ix. 1, 7, 19.


nations or tribes which inhabited the promised land, Verse 1. Now these are the generations] It is ex- and were called Canaanites from Canaan, the son of tremely difficult to say what particular nations and Ham, who settled there. people sprang from the three grand divisions of the Moses also, in this genealogy, seems to have introfamily of Noah, because the names of many of those duced even the name of some places that were reancient people have become changed in the vast lapse markable in the sacred history, instead of the original of time from the deluge to the Christian era; yet settlers. Such as Hazarmaveth, ver. 26; and probasome are so very distinctly marked that they can be bly Ophir and Havilah, ver. 29. But this is not infreeasily ascertained, while a few still retain their original quent in the sacred writings, as may be seen 1 Chron. names.

ii. 51, where Salma is called the father of Bethlehem, Moses does not always give the name of the first which certainly never was the name of a man, but of settler in a country, but rather that of the people from a place sufficiently celebrated in the sacred history; whom the country afterwards derived its name. Thus and in chap. iv. 14, where Joab is called the father Mizraim is the dual of Mezer, and could never be the of the valley of Charashim, which no person could name of an individual.

The like may be said of ever suppose was intended to designate an individual, Kittim, Dodanim, Ludim, Ananim, Lehabim, Naphtu- but the society of craftsmen or artificers who lived him, Pathrusim, Casluhim, Philislim, and Caphlorim, there. which are all plurals, and evidently not the names of Eusebius and others state (from what authority we individuals, but of families or tribes. · See verses 4, know not) that Noah was commanded of God to make 6, 13, 14.

a will and bequeath the whole of the carth to his three In the posterity of Canaan we find whole nations sons and their descendants in the following manner :reckoned in the genealogy, instead of the individuals To Shem, all the East; to Ham, all Africa; to Jafrom whom they sprang; thus the Jebusite, Amorite, pheth, the Continent of Europe with its isles, and the Girgasite, Hivile, Arkite, Sinite, Arvadite, Zemarite, northern parts of Asia. See the notes at the end of and Hamathite, ver. 16-18, were evidently whole l the preceding chapter. 82

( 7 )


A.M. 1556.
B. C. 2448.

An account of the


postdıluvian patriarchs. 2 • The sons of Japheth; Go-1: 5 By these were the isles of A. M. 1757.

B. C. 2247. mer, and Magog, and Madai, and the Gentiles divided in their lands; Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. every one after his tongue, after their families,

3 And the sons of Gomer; in their nations.

Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and 6. And the sons of Ham; Togarmah.

Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, 4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and and Canaan. Tarshish, Kittim, and < Dodanim.

7 And the Sons of Cush; Seba, and Ha

A. M. cir. 1666.
B. C. cir. 2338.

A. M. cir. 1676.
B. C. cir. 2328.

b1 Chron. i. 5, &c.

. Or, as some read it, Rodanim.

- Psa. lxxij. 10; Jer. ii. 10; xxv. 22 ; Zeph. ii. 11.

1 Chron. i. 8, &o.

Verse 2. The sons of Japheth] Japheth is sup- probably was the first who settled at Elis, in Peloponposed to be the same with the Japetus of the Greeks, nesus. from whom, in an extremely remote antiquity, that Tarshish] He first inhabited Cilicia, whose capital people were supposed to have derived their origin. anciently was the city of Tarsus, where the Apostle

Gomer] Supposed by some to have peopled Gala- Paul was born. tia ; so Josephus, who says that the Galatians were Kiltim! We have already seen that this name was anciently named Gomerites. From him the Cimme- rather the name of a people than of an individual : rians or Cimbrians are supposed to have derived their some think by Kittim Cyprus is meant : others, the origin. Bochart has no doubt that the Phrygians isle of Chios; and others, the Romans; and others, sprang from this person, and some of our principal the Macedonians. commentators are of the same opinion.

Dodanim.) Or Rodanim, for the 7 and may be Magog] Supposed by many to be the father of the easily mistaken for each other, because of their great Scythians and Tartars, or Tatars, as the word should similarity. Some suppose that this family settled at be written ; and in great Tartary many names are still Dodona in Epirus ; others at the isle of Rhodes ; found which bear such a striking resemblance to the others, at the Rhone in France, the ancient name of Gog and Magog of the Scriptures, as to leave little which was Rhodanus, from the Scripture Rodanim. doubt of their identity.

Verse 5. Isles of the Gentiles) Europe, of which Madai] Generally supposed to be the progenitor of this is allowed to be a general epithet. Calmet supthe Medes ; but Joseph Mede makes it probable that poses that it comprehends all those countries to which he was rather the founder of a people in Macedonia the Hebrews were obliged to go by sea, such as Spain, called Mædi, and that Macedonia was formerly called Gaul, Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor. Emathia, a name formed from Ei, an island, and Every one after his tongue) This refers to the Madai, because he and his descendants inhabited the time posterior to the confusion of tongues and dispermaritime coast on the borders of the Ionian Sea. On sion from Babel. this subject nothing certain can be advanced.

Verse 6. Cush] Who peopled the Arabic nome Javan] It is almost universally agreed that from near the Red Sea in Lower Egypt. Some think the him sprang the Ionians, of Asia Minor ; but this name Ethiopians descended from him. seems to have been anciently given to the Macedo- Mizrain] This family certainly peopled Egypt; nians, Achaians, and Baotians.

and both in the East and in the West, Egypt is called Tubal] Some think he was the father of the Ibe- Mezr and Mezraim. rians, and that a part at least of Spain was peopled Phut] Who first peopled an Egyptian nome or by him and his descendants; and that Meshech, who district, bordering on Libya. is generally in Scripture joined with him, was the Canaan.) He who first peopled the land so called, founder of the Cappadocians, from whom proceeded known also by the name of the Promised Land. the Muscovites.

Verse 7. Seba] The founder of the Sabæans. There Tiras.] From this person, according to general seem to be three different people of this name menconsent, the Thracians derived their origin.

tioned in this chapter, and a fourth in chap. xxv. 3. Verse 3. Ashkenaz] Probably gave his name to Havilah] Supposed by some to mean the inhabitSacagena, a very excellent province of Armenia. ants of the country included within that branch of the Pliny mentions a people called Ascanitici, who dwelt river Pison which ran out of the Euphrates into the about the Tanaïs and the Palus Mæotis ; and some bay of Persia, and bounded Arabia Felix on the east. suppose that from Ashkenaz the Eurine Sea derived Sabtah] Supposed by some to have first peopled an its name,

but others suppose that from him the Ger- isle or peninsula called Saphta, in the Persian Gulf. mans derived their origin.

Raamah] Or Ragmah, for the word is pronounced Riphath] Or Diphath, the founder of the Paphla- both ways, because of the y ain, which some make a gonians, which were anciently called Riphatæi. vowel, and some a consonant. Ptolemy mentions a

Togarmah.) The Sauromates, or inhabitants of city called Regma near the Persian Gulf; it probably Turcomania. See the reasons in Calmet.

received its name from the person in the text. Verse 4. Elishah] As Javan peopled a consider- Sabtechah] From the river called Samidochus, in able part of Greece, it is in that region that we must Caramania; Bochart conjectures that the person is seek for the settlements of his descendants; Elishah | the text fixed his residence in that part.

. .


B. C. cir. 2304

Nimrod, a mighty hunter,


founds several cities. A. M. cir. 1676. vilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, Babel, and Erech, and Accad, A M. cir. 1745. B. C. cir. 2328.

and Sabtechaḥ: and the sons and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

11 Out of that land went

A. M. cir. 1700.
A. M. cir. 1715. 8 And Cush begat Nimrod; forth Asshur, and builded Nine-
B. C. cir. 2289.

he began to be a mighty one in veh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, the earth.

12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah : 9 He was a mighty hunter & before the the same is a great city. LORD : wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod, 13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, the mighty hunter before the LORD.

and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, 10 " And the beginning of his kingdom was 14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (m out of

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"Jer. xvi. 16; Mic. vii. 2. Chap. vi. 11.- Mic. v. 6. Or, he went out into Assyria. Or, the streets of the city i Gr. Babylon.

ml Chron. i. 12.

Sheba] Supposed to have had his residence be- Verse 10. The beginning of his kingdom was Bayond the Euphrates, in the environs of Charran, bel] Spa babel signifies confusion; and it seems to Eden, &c.

have been a very proper name for the commencement Dedan.) Supposed to have peopled a part of Arabia, of a kingdom that appears to have been founded in on the confines of Idumea.

apostasy from God, and to have been supported by Verse 8. Nimrod] Of this person little is known, tyranny, rapine, and oppression. as he is not mentioned except here and in 1 Chron. In the land of Shinar.] The same as mentioned i. 10, which is evidently a copy of the text in Genesis. chap. xi. 2. It appears that, as Babylon was built on He is called a mighty hunter before the · Lord ; and the river Euphrates, and the tower of Babel was in from ver. 10, we learn that he founded a kingdom the land of Shinar, consequently Shinar itself must which included the cities Babel, Erech, Accad, and have been in the southern part of Mesopotamia. Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Though the words are Verse 11. Out of that land went forth Asshur] The not definite, it is very likely he was a very bad man. marginal reading is to be preferred here. He-NimHis name Nimrod comes from 770 marad, he rebelled; rod, went out into Assyria and built Nineveh ; and and the Targum, on 1 Chron. i. 10, says: Nimrod hence Assyria is called the land of Nimrod, Mic. v. 6. began to be a mighty man in sin, a murderer of inno- Thus did this mighty hunter extend his dominions in cent men, and a rebel before the Lord. The Jerusa- every possible way. The city of Nineveh, the capital lem Targum says: “ He was mighty in hunting (or in of Assyria, is supposed to have had its name from prey) and in sin before God, for he was a hunter of Ninus, the son of Nimrod; but probably Ninus and the children of men in their languages; and he said Nimrod are the same person. This city, which made unto them, Depart from the religion of Shem, and so conspicuous a figure in the history of the world, is cleave to the institutes of Nimrod.” The Targum of now called Mossul ; it is an inconsiderable place, built Jonathan ben Uzziel says : “From the foundation of out of the ruins of the ancient Nineveh. the world none was ever found like Nimrod, powerful Rehoboth, and Calah, &c.]. Nothing certain is known in hunting, and in rebellions against the Lord.” The concerning the situation of these places; conjecture is Syriac calls him a warlike giant. The word T'X tsayid, endless, and it has been amply indulged by learned men which we render hunter, signifies prey; and is applied in seeking for Rehoboth in the Birtha of Ptolemy, Calah in the Scriptures to the hunting of men by persecution, in Calachine, Resen in Larissa, fc., fc. oppression, and tyranny. Hence it is likely that Nim- Verse 13. Mizraim begat Ludim) Supposed to rod, having acquired power, used it in tyranny and mean the inhabitants of the Mareotis, a canton in oppression ; and by rapine and violence founded that Egypt, for the name Ludim is evidently the name of domination which was the first distinguished by the a people. name of a kingdom on the face of the earth. How Anamim] According to Bochart, the people who many kingdoms have been founded in the same way, inhabited the district about the temple of Jupiter in various ages and nations from that time to the pre- Ammon. sent! From the Nimrods of the earth, God deliver Lehabim] The Libyans, or a people who dwelt the world!

on the west of the Thebaïd, and were called LibyoMr. Bryant, in his Mythology, considers Nimrod as Egyptians. , the principal instrument of the idolatry that afterwards Naphtuhim] Even the conjecturers can scarcely fix prevailed in the family of Cush, and treats him as an a place for these people. Bochart seems inclined to arch rebel and apostate. Mr. Richardson, who was place them in Marmarica, or among the Troglodytæ. the determined foe of Mr. Bryant's whole system, asks, Verse 14. Pathrusim] The inhabitants of the Dissertation, p. 405, “Where is the authority for these Delta, in Egypt, according to the Chaldee paraphrase ; aspersions? They are nowhere to be discovered in but, according to Bochart, the people who inhabited the originals, in the versions, nor in the paraphrases the Thebaïd, called Pathros in Scripture. of the sacred writings.” If they are nol to be found Casluhim] The inhabitants of Colchis; for almost either in versions or paraphrases of the sacred all authors allow that Colchis was peopled from Egypt. writings, the above quotations are all false.

Philistim] The people called Philistines, the con

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