« הקודםהמשך »
B. C. 1451.
Curses that shall fall
on the disobedient. A. M. 2553.
27 The LORD will smite thee man shall lie with her : u thou A. M. 2553. B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40. with P the botch of Egypt, and shalt build a house, and thou An. Ex. Ist. 40. Sebat.
with 9 the emerods, and, with the shalt not dwell therein: "thou scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not w gather be healed.
the grâpes thereof. 28 The LORD shall smite thee with madness, 31 Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and blindness, and astonishment of heart : and thou shalt not eat thereof; thine ass shall
29 And thou shalt Sgrope at noonday, as be violently taken away from before thy face, the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt and * shall not be restored 10 thee : thy sheep not prosper in thy ways : and thou shalt be shall be given unto thine enemies, and thou only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no shalt have none to rescue them. man shall save thee..
32 Thy sons and thiy daughters shall be 30 • Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another given 'unto another people, and thine eyes p Ver. 35; Exod. ix. 9; xv. 26.-9 1 Sam. v. 6; Psa. Ixxviii. Job xxxi.8; Jer. xu. 13; Amos v. 11 ; Mic. vi. 15; Zeph. i. 13. - Jer. iv. 9.
.- Job v. 14; Isa. lix. 10.-Job xxxi. 10; Chap. xx. 6. -w Heb. profane, or úse u as common meat ; as Jer. viii. 10.
chap. xx. 6. - Heb. shall not return to thee. appears to be chiefly owing to a very fine sand, the And blindness] priy ivvaron, blindness, both phyparticles of which are like broken glass, which are car- sical and mental; the una garab, (ver. 27,) destroying ried about by the wind, and, entering into the ciliary their eyes, and the judgments of God confounding their glands, produce grievous and continual inflammations. understandings.
Verse 27. The Lord will smite. thee with the botch] Astonishment] rogn timmahon, stupidity and jino shechin, a violent inflammatory swelling In Job amazement. By the just judgments of God they were ii., one of the Hexapla versions renders it eredas, the so completely confounded, as not to discern the means elephantiasis, a disease the most horrid that can pos- by which they might prevent or remove their calamisibly afflict human nature. In this disorder, the whole ties, and to adopt those which led directly to their ruin. body is covered with a most loathsome scurf; the How true is the ancient saying, Quos Deus vult perjoints are all preternaturally enlarged, and the skin dere, prius dementat ! “ Those whom God is deterswells up
grows into folds like that of an elephant, mined to destroy, he first infatuates.” But this applies whence the disease has its name.. The skin, through not exclusively to the poor Jews : how miserably infaits rigidity, breaks across at all the joints, and a most tuated have the powers of the continent of Europe abominable ichor flows from all the chínks, &c. See been, in all their councils and measures, for several an account of it in Aretæus, whose language is suffi- years past! And what is the result ?. They have fallcient to chill the blood of a maniac, could he attend to enmost deplorably fallen! the description given by this great master, of this most loathsome and abominable of all the natural produc- "haps no people under the sun have
been more oppress
Verse 29. Thou shalt be only oppressed, fc.) Pertions of death and sin. This was called the botched and spoiled thạn the rebellious Jews. Indeed, this of Egypt, as being peculiar to that country, and par- has been their portion, with but little intermission, for ticularly in the vicinity of the Nile, Hence those nearly 1,800 years. And still they grope at noon day, words of 'Lucretius :
as the blind gropeth in darkness they do not yet disEst Elephas morbus, qui circum flumina Nili cover, notwithstanding the effulgence of the light by Nascitur, Ægypto in media ; nec præterea usquam. which they are encompassed, that the rejection of their
Lib. vi., ver. 1112. own Messiah is the cause of all their calamities. Emerods). Diggy ophalim, from Soy aphal, to be
Verse 30. Thou shalt betroth a wife, fc.] Can elevated, raised up; swellings, protuberances; proba- any heart imagine any thing more grievous than the bly the bleeding piles.
evils threatened in this and the following verses? To, Scab) 370 garab does not occur as a verb in the be on the brink of all social and domestic happiness, Hebrew Bible, but jus gharb, in Arabic, signifies a and then to be suddenly deprived of all, and see an distemper in the corner of the eye, (Castel.,) and may enemy possess and -enjoy every thing that was dear to amount to the Egyptian ophthalmia, which is so epi- them, must excite them to the utmost pitch of distracdemic and distressing in that country : some suppose tion and madness. . They have, it is true, grievously the scurvy to be intended. •
sinned; but, О ye Christian's, have they not grievously · Itch] on cheres, a burning itch, probably some- suffered for it? Is not the stroke of God heavy enough thing of the erysipelatous kind, or what is commonly upon them? Do not then, by unkind treatment or called St. Anthony's fire.
cruel oppression, increase their miseries. They are, Whereof thou canst not be healed.] For as they above all others, the men who have seen affliction by were inflicted by God's justice, they could not of course the stroke of his rod; Lam. iii. 1.-... be cured by huinan art.
Verse 32. Thy sons and thy daughters shall be Verse 28. The Lord shall smite thee with madness] given unto another people] In several countries, par. plyw shiggaon, distraction, so that thou shalt not know ticularly in Spain and Portugal, the children of the what to do.
Jews have been taken from them by order of govern
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Curses that shall fall
on the disobedient. shall look, and » fail with long-43. The stranger that is within An Ex. Isr. 40. ing for them all the day, long : thee shall get up above thee very An. Ex. Isr. 40.
and there shall be no might in high ; and thou shalt come down thine hand.
33 - The fruit of thy land, and all thy la- 44 m He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt bours, shall a nation which thou knowest not not lend to him : he shall be the head, and eat up: and thou shalt be only oppressed' and thou shalt be the tail. crushed alway:
45 Moreover o all these curses shall come 34 So that thou shalt be made for the sight upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake of thine eyes which thou shalt see.
thee, till thoư be destroyed; · because thou 35 The LORD shall smite thee in the knees, hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot thy God, to keep his commandments ‘and his be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the statutes which he commanded thee : top of thy head.
46 And they shall be upon thee P for a sign 36 The LORD shall bring thee, and thy and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a 47 . Because thou servedst not the LORD nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of known; and there shalt thou serve other heart
, 'for the abundance of all things; gods, 'wood and stone.
48 Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies 37 And thou shalt become • an astonishment, which- the LORD shall send against thee, in a proverb; and a by.word, among all nations hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in whither the LORD shall lead thee.
want of all things; and he shall put a yoke 38 Thou shalt carry much seed out into of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed the field, and shalt gather but little in ; for thee. h the locust shall consume it.
49.• The LORD shall bring a nation against 39 Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress thee from far, from the end of the earth; "as them, but shalt neither drink of the winė, nor swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose gather the grapes ; for the worms shall eat tongue thou shalt not understand ; them.
50 A nation w of fierce countenance, * which 40 Thou shalt have olive trees thronghout shall not regard the person of the old, nor all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thy-show favour to the young : self with the oil; for thiñe olive shall cast 51 And he shall y eat the fruit of thy cattle, his fruit.
and the fruit of thy land, until thou be de41 Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but stroyed : which also shall not leave thee either thou shalt not enjoy them; for k they shall corn, winę, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, go into captivity.
or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed 42 All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall thee. the locust 'consumè.
52 And he shall z besięge thee in all thy
Psa. cxix. 82.2 Ver. 51; Lev. xxvi. 16; Jer. v.-17. o Ver. 15.- -P Isa. viii. 18; Ezek. xiv. 8.- -4 Neh. ix. 35, Ver. 67.- Ver. 27.—2 Kings xvii. 4, 6; xiv. 12, 14 ; xxv. 36, 37.- Chap. xxxii. 15. Jer. xxviii. 14.— Jer. v. 15; 7,11; 2 Chron. xxxiii. Il ; xxxvi, 6, 20. Chap. iv. 28; ver. vi. 22, 23; Luke xix. 43. — _u Jer. xlvii. 43; xlix. 22 ; Lam. iv. 64; Jer. xvi. 13.1 Kings ix. 7,8; Jer. xxiv. 9 ; xxv. 9; 19; Ezek. xvii. 3, 12'; Hos. viii. 1.--Heb. hear,- 1 Heb. Zech, viii. 13. - Psa. xliv. 14. Mic. vi. 15; Hag. i. 6. strong of face; Prov. vii. 13; Eccles. viii. 1; Dan. viii. 23. Joel i. 4. i Heb. they shall not be thine. -Lam. i. 5. 12 Chron. xxxvi. 17; Isa. xlvii. 6.- -y Ver. 33 ; Isa. i. 7; lxii. 8. "Or, possess.--'m Ver. 12. La Ver. 13; Lam. i. 5.
22 Kmgs xxv. 1, 2, 4. ment, and educated in the Popish faith. There have Verse 49. `A nation--from far). Probably the been some-instances of Jewish children being taken Romans. from their parents even in Protestant countries. As the eagle flieth] The very animal on all the
Verse 35. With a sore abotch] I'm shechin, an Roman standards. The Roman eagle is proverbial. inflammatory swelling, a burning boil. See ver. 27: Whose longue thou shalt not understand] The
Verse 36-45. Can any thing be conceived more. Lalin language, than which none was more foreign to dreadful than the calamities threatened in these verses? the structure and idiom of the Hebrew.
Verse 48. Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies] Verse 52. He-Nebuchadnezzar first, (2 Kings Because they would not serve GOD, therefore, they xxv. 1, 2, &c.,) and Titus next; shall besiege theebocame slaves to men.
beset thee round on every side, and cast a trench
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B. C. 1451.
Curses that shall fall
on the disobedient. gates, until thy high and fenced children which she shall bear : A. M. 2553 An. Ex. Isr. 40. walls come down, wherein thou for she shall eat them for want An. Ex. Ist.
trustedst, throughout all thy land: of all things secretly in the siege and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy distress thee in thy gates. God hath given thee.
58 If thou wilt not observe to do all the 53 And a thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own words of this law that are written in this book, b body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daugh- that thou mayest fear h this glorious and fearters, which the LORD thy God hath given ful name, THE LORD THY GOD: thee, in the siege, and in the straitness, where- 59 Then the LORD will make thy plagues with thine enemies shall distress thee : i wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, eren
54 So that the man that is tender among great plagues, and of long.continuance, and you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil sorę sicknesses, and of long continuance. toward his brother, and toward the wife of his 60 Moreover he will bring upon thee all the bosom, and toward the remnant of his children diseases of Egypt; which thou wast afraid of; which he shall leave :
and they shall cleave unto thee. 155 So that he will not give to any of them. 61 Also every sickness, and every plague, of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat : which is not written in the book of this law, because he hath nothing left him in the siege, them will the Lord 'bring upon thee, until and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies thou be destroyed. shall distress thee in all thy gates.
62 And ye mshall be left few in number, - 56 The tender and delicate woman.
as the stars of heaven for you, which would not adventure to set the sole multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the of her foot upon the ground for delicateness voice of the LORD thy God.' and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward 63 And it shall come to pass, that as the the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, Lord o rejoiced over you to do you good, and and toward her daughter,
to multiply you ; so the LORD P will rejoice 57 And toward her f young one that cometh over you to destroy you, and to bring you to out 6 from belween her feet, and toward her naught; and ye shall be plucked from off the
* Lev. xxvi. 29; 2 Kings vi. 28, 29; Jer. xix. 9; Lam. ii. 20 ;
h Exod. vi. 3. -.i Dan. ix. 12. k Chap. vii. 15.
—Heb iv. 10; Bar. . 3.
ob Heb. belly:
-c Chap. xv, 9.- -d Chap. cause to ascend. Chap. iv 27. Chap. X. 22; Neb. in 3 xii. 6. Le Ver. 54. - Heb. after-birth.
- Gen. xlix. 10, •Chap. xxx. 9; Jer. xxxii. 41. P Prov. i. 26; Isa. i. 24.
around thee, viz., lines of circumvallation, as our Lord as feeling the most poignant regret that her child 535 predicted ; (see Matt. xxiv. 1, &c., and Luke xxi. 5, brought forth into such a state of suffering and death; &c. ;) in all thy gates throughout all thy land—all and-2dly, that it was likely, from the favourable cir. thy fenced cities, which points out that their subjuga- cumstances afler the birth, that she herself should sur. tion should be complete, as both Jerusalem and all their vive her inlaying. No words can more forcibly depict fortified places should be taken. This was done lite- the miseries of those dreadful times.' On this ground rally by Nebuchadnezzar and the Romans.
I see no absolute need for Kennicott's eriticism, who, Verse 56. The tender and delicate woman)
. This instead of nn ubeshilyathah, against her seconwas literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by dines, readş ohvat ubashelah, and she shall boil, and the Romans; a woman named Mary, of a noble family, translates the 56th and 57th verses as follows: “ The driven to distraction by famine, boiled and ate her own tender and delicate woman among you, who would not child ! See a similar case 3 Kings vi. 29; and see adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground on Lev. xxvị. 29.
for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil Verse 57. Toward her young one--and toward her toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her children which she shall bear] There seems to be a son, and toward her daughter. 57. And ske skall species of tautology in the two clauses of this verse, boil that which cometh out from between her feet, eter which may be prevented by translating the last word, her children which she shall bear; for she shall eat on by shilyathah, literally, her secondines, which is the for want of all things, secretly." These words, meaning of the Arabic Tiw sala, not badly understood says he, being prophetical, are fulfilled in 2 Kings by the Septuagint, xoplov avtns, the chorion or exterior vi. 29, for we read there that two women of Samaria membrane, which invests the fætus in the womb; and having agreed to eat their own children, one was acstill better translated by Luther, die alter geburth, tually boiled, where the -very same word, ya bashal, the after-birth ; which saying of Moses strongly marks is used. See Kennicott's Dissertations on 1 Chron the deepest distress, when the mother is represented xić, &c., p. 421.
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A recapitulation of God's
CHAP. XXIX. gracious dealings with Israel. land whither thou goest to pos- thee; and thou shalt fear day and An. Ex. Isr. 40. sess it.
night, and shalt have none assu- An. Ex. Isr. 40. 64 And the LORD 4 shall scatter rance of thy life: thee among all people, from the one end of the 67 In the morning thou shalt say, Would earth even unto the other; and 'there thou God it were even ! and at even thou shalt say, shalt serve other gods, which neither thou Would God it were morning !-for the fear of nor thy fathers have known, even wood and thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and w for
the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. 65 And among these nations shalt thou find 68 And the LORD * shall bring thee into no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof reşt: + but the LORD shall give thee there a I spake unto thee, y Thou shalt see it no more trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and usor-again :- and there ye shall be sold unto your row of mind;
enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no 66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before man shall buy you.
9 Lev. xxvi. 33; chap. iv. 27, 28; Neh. i. 8; Jer. xvi. 13. Lev. xxvi. 16. Job vii. 4. Ver. 36. Amos ix. 4. - Lev. xxvi. 36.
Hos. viii. 13; ix. 3.
w Ver. 34. Jer. xliv. 7; -> Chap. xvii. 16.
Verse 64. The Lord shall scatter thee among all it a reproach to have a Jew for a slave, they had bepeople) How literally has this been fulfilled! The come so despicable to all mankind. . When Jerusalem people of the. Jews are scattered over every nation was taken by Titus, many of the captives, which were under heaven,
above seventeen years of age, were sent into the works Verse 65. No ease-a trembling heart, and failing in Egypt. See Josephus, Antiq., b. xii., c. 1, 2, War, of eyes) The trembling of heart may refer to their b. vi.; c. 9, s. 2; and above all, see Bp. Newton's state of continual insecurily, being, under every kind Dissertations on the Prophecies. of government, proscribed, and, even under the most mild, uncertain of toleration and protection; and the The first verse of the next chapter, in some of the failing of eyes, to their vain and ever-disappointed most correct Hebrew Bibles, makes the 69th of this; expectation of the Messiah.
and very properly, as the second verse of the followVerse 68. And the Lord shall bring thee into Egypt ing chapter begins a new subject. again] That is, into another state of 'slavéry, and This is an astonishing chapter : in it are prophecies bondage similar to that of Egypt, out of which they delivered more than 3,000 years ago, and now fulfilling. had been lately brought. And there ye shall be sold, O God, how immense is thy wisdom, and how prothat is, be exposed to sale, or expose yourselves to șale, found thy counsels ! To thee alone are known all thy as the word onvonn hithmaccarteṁ may be rendered; works from the beginning to the end. What an irrethey were vagrants, and wished to become slaves that fragable proof does this chapter, compared with the they might be provided with the necessaries of life. past and present state of the Jewish people, afford of And no man shall buy you; 'even the Romans thought the truth and Divine origin of the Pentateuch!
CHAPTER XXIX. A recapitulation of God's gracious dealings with Israel, 1-8. An exhortation to obedience, and to enter into
covenant with their God, that they and their posterity may be established in the good land, 9–15. They are to remember the abominations of Egypt, and to avoid them, 16, 17. He who hardens his heart, when he hears these curses, shall be utterly consumed, 18–21. Their posterity shall be astonished at the desolations that shall fall upon them, 22, 23; shall inquire the reason, and shall be informed that the Lord has done thus to them because of their disobedience and idolatry, 24-28. A caution against prying too curiously into the secrets of the Divine providence, and to be contented with what God has revealed, 29. 4. M. 2553. THESE are the words of the beside the covenant which he A. M. 2553.
B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40. covenant, which the LORD made with them in Horeb.
An. Ex. Isr. 40. Sebat.
Sebat. commanded Moses to make with 2 And Moses called unto all the children of Israel, in the land of Moab, Israel, and said unto them, ” Ye have seen all a Chap. v. 2, 3.
b Exod. xix. 4. NOTES ON CHAP. XXIX.
of this; and it is distinguished as the 69th verse in Verse 1. These are the words of the covenant] This some of the most correct copies of the Hebrew Bible. verse seems properly to belong to the preceding chap- Commanded Moses to make] nooh lichroth, to cut, ter, as a widely different subject is taken up at ver. 2allading to the covenant sacrifice which was offered
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The people are
exhorted to obedience. that the LORD did before your 9 Keep therefore the words An. Ex. Isr. 40. eyes in the land of Egypt unto of this covenant, and do them, An. Ex. Iar. 40.
Pharaoh, and unto all his ser- that ye may 'prosper in all that vants, and unto all his land;
ye do. 3 • The great temptations which thine eyes 10 Ye stand this day all of you before the have seen, the signs, and those great miracles : LORD your God; your captains of your tribes,
4 Yet d the Lord hath not given you a heart your elders, and your officers, with all the to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, men of Israel, unto this day.
11 Your little ones, your wives, and thy 5 e And I have led you forty years in the stranger that is in thy. camp, from .m the wilderness : f your clothes are not waxen old hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy upon you, and thy shoe' is not waxen old
12 That thou shouldest n enter into cove6 Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye nant with the LORD thy God, and into his drunk wine or strong drink : that ye might oath, which the Lord thy God maketh with know that I am the LORD your God.
thee this day : 7 And when yệ came unto this place, - Sihon. 13 That he may P establish thee to-day for the king of Heshbon, and Og the king of a people unto himself, and that he may be unto Bashan, came out against us unto battle, and thee a God, 4 as he hath said unto thee, and we smote them ;
* as he hath sworn unto thy fạthers, to Abra8 And we took their land, and i gave it for ham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. an inheritance unto the Reubenites, and to the 14 Neither with you only do I make this Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasseli. covenant and this oath;
¢ Chap. iv. 34; vii. 19. - See Isa. vi. 9, 10; Ixiii. 17; John i Num. xxxi. 33; chap. iii. 12, 13. Chap. iv. 6; Josh. i. 7; viii. 43; Acts xxviii. 26, 27; Eph. iv. 18; 2 Thess. ii. U, 12. 1 Kings i. 3. - Josh. i. 7 un See Joshua ix. 21, 23, 27. • Chap. i. 3 ; viii. 2.- Chap. viii. 4. —8 See Exod. xvi. 12; Heb. pass. Neh. x. 29. -- Chap. xxviii. 9. - 4 Exod. chap. viii. 3 ; Psa. lxxviii. 24, 25.- _h Num. xxi. 23, 24, 33; vi. 7.- - Genesis xvii. 7- Jer. xxxi., 31, 32, 33; Heb. chap. ii, 32 ; iii. 1.
viii: 7, 8.
on the occasion and divided, as is explained, Gen. and keep all my commandments always, that it might xv. 18.
be well with them, and with their children for ever!" Beside the covenant which he made in Horeb:] See chap. v. 29, and the note there. What is mentioned here is an additional institution to Verse 5. Your clothes are not waren old)See on the len words given on Horeb; and the curses denounced chap. viii. 4. here are different from those denounced against the Verse 6. Ye have not eaten bread, c.) That is, ye transgressors of the decalogue.
have not been supported in an ordinary providential Verse 4. The Lord hath not given you a heart, &c.] way; I have been continually working miracles for Some crities read this verse interrogatively: And hath you, that ye might know that I am the Lord. Thus not God given you a heart, &c. ? because they sup- we find that God had furnished them with all the means pose that God could not reprehend them for the non- of this knowledge, and that the means were ineffectual, performance of a duty, when he had neither given thèm not because they were pot properly calculated to ana mind to perceive the obligation of it, nor strength to swer God's gracious purpose, but because the people perform it, had that obligation been known. Though were not workers with God; consequently, they rethis is strictly just, yet there is no need for the interceived the grace of God in vain, See 2 Cor. vi. 1. rogation, as the words only imply that they had not Verse 10. Yë stand-all of you before the Lord] such a heart, &c., not because God had not giver them They were about to enter into a covenant with God; all the means of knowledge, and helps of his grace and as a covenant împlies two parties contracting, God and Spirit, which were necessary; but they had not is represented as being present, and they and all their made a faithful use of their advantages, and therefore families, old and young, come before him. they had not that wise, loving, and obedient heart which Verse 12. That thou shouldest enter) pays leaber, they otherwise might have had. If they had had such to pass through, that is, between the separated parts a heart, it would have been God's gift, for he is the of the covenant sacrifice. See Gen. xv. 18. author of all good ; and that they had not such a heart And into his oath] Thus we find that in a covenant was a proof that they had grieved his Spirit, and abused were these seven particulars: 1. The parties about to the grace which he had afforded them to produce that contract were considered as being hitherto separated. gracious change, the want of which is hère deplored. 2. They now agree to enter into a state of close and Hence God himself is represented as grieved because permanent amity. 3. They meet together in a solemn they were unchanged and disobedient : “O that there manner for this purpose. 4. A sacrifice is offered to were such a heart in them, that they would fear me, God on the occasion, for the whole is a religious -act.