« הקודםהמשך »
A-repetition of sundry
laws and ordinances. light on this institution. D'in gerizzim, from 172 garaz, y travelled in those parts. See · Ludolf, Reland, Rab. io cut, cut off, cut down; hence. Ona gerizeim, the Benjamin, and Mr. Maundrell. Sychem lies in the cutters down, fellers, and reapers or harvest-men, this valley between these two mountains. mountain being supposed to have its name from its great fertility, or the abundance of the crops it yielded, That the land of Judea was naturally very fertile, which is a possible case. Of Sa'y ebal or eybal the can scarcely be supposed by any who considers the root is not found in Hebrew; but in Arabic Jie abala accounts given of it by travellers ; with the exception signifies rough, rugged, curled, fc.; and usl abalo, of a few districts, the whole land is dry, stony, and from the same root, signifies white stones, and a moun- barren, and particularly all the southern parts of Judea, tain in which such stones are found ; Juel alabalo, and all the environs of Jerusalem, most of which are the mount of white stones. See Giggeius and Golius. represented as absolutely incapable of cultivation. How And as it is supposed that the mountain had this name then could it ever support its vast number of inhabitbecause of its barrenness, on this metaphorical inter- ants ? By the especial providence of God. While pretation the sense of the passage would appear to be God kept that people under his continual protection, the following: God will so superintend the land, and their land was a paradise ; they lent to all nations and have it continually under the eye of his watchful pro- borrowed from none. What has it been since ? A vidence, that no change can happen in it but according demi-solitude, because that especial blessing no longer to his Divine counsel, so that its fertility shall ever be descends upon it. No land, says Calmet, was more the consequence of the faithful obedience of its inhab- fertile while under the benediction of God; none more itants, and a proof of the blessing of God upon it; on barren when under his curse. Its present state is a the contrary, its barrenness shall be a proof that the proof of the declaration of Moses, chap. xxviii. 23 : people have departed from their God, and that his curse “ The heaven over their head is brass ; the earth under has in consequence fallen upon the land. See the man- their feet, iron.". The land itself, in its present state, ner of placing these blessings and curses, chap. xxvii. is an ample proof of the authenticity of the Penta12, &c. That Gerizim is very fruitful, and that Ebal teuch. Should facts of this kind be lost sight of by
irren, is the united testimony of all who have l any who read the sacred writings?
B. C. 1451.
All monuments of idolatry in the promised land to be destroyed, 1-3; and God's service to be duly per.
formed, 4-7. The difference between the performance of that service in the wilderness and in the promised land, 8-11, The people are to be happy in all their religious observances, 12. The offerings must be brought to the place which God appoints, and no blood is to be eaten, 13–16. The tithe of corn, wine, oil, $c., to be eaten in the place that God shall choose, 17, 18. The Lévite must not be forsaken, 19. All clean beasts may be eaten, but the blood must be poured out before the Lord, and be eaten on no pretence whatever, 20–25. Of vows, burnt-offerings, gc., 26, 27. These precepts are to be carefully obeyed, 28.
Cautions against the abominations of the heathen, 29–31. Nothing to be added to or diminished from the word of God, 32. A. M. 2553. THESE o are the statutes and break their pillars, and burn their A. M. 2553 B. C. 1451.. An. Ex. Isr. 40..
judgments which ye shall groves with fire; and ye shall An Ex Isr. 40.
observe to do in the land which hew down the graven images of the Lord God of thy fathers giveth thee to their gods, and destroy the names of them out possess it, all the days that ye live upon the of that place. earth.
4 'h.Ye shall not do so unto the Lord your 2 • Ye shall utterly destroy all the places God. wherein the nations which ye shall possess : 5 But unto the place which the Lord your served their gods, • upon the high mountains; God shall i choose out of all your tribes to
the hills, and under every green tree : put his name there, even unto his - habitation 3 And 'ye shall 8 overthrow their altars, and shall ġe seek, and thither thou shalt come: - Chọ. vị. 1.- -6 Chap. iv. 10; 1 Kings viii. 40.- Exod: Num. xxxiii. 52 ; Judg. 1. 2.-Heb. break down.” - Ver. ixxiv. 13; chap. vii. 5.- . Or, inherit. - 2 Kings xvi. 4; xvii. 31. Ver. 11; chap. xxvi. 2; Josh. ix. 27; 1 Kings TN. 29; 10, 11; Jer. iii. 6.
2 Chron. vii. 12; Psa. lxxvui. 68. NOTES ON CHAP. XII:
naanitish Venus, whose impure rites were practised in Verse 3. · Ye shall overthrow their altars] Where different parts of the inclosures or groves round her unholy sacrifices have been offered ; and break their temples ; and ye shall hew dówn the graven images, pillars, probably meaning statues and representations probably implying all images carved out of wood ; and of their gods cut out of stone; and burn their groves, destroy the names of them, which were no doubt at such as those about the temple of Ashtaroth, the Ca- first graven on the stones, and carved on the trees, and .770
A. M. 2553
Ordinances to be observed
after coming into Canaan. A. M. 2553. 6 And thither ye shall bring your God, ye and your sons, and
B. C. 1451.
sacrifices, and your 1 tithes, and servants, and your maid-servants,
7 And m there ye shall eat before the LORD 13 u Take heed to thyself that thou offer
8 Ye shall not do after all the things that we choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt
do all that I command thee. 9 For ye are not as yet come to the rest 15 Notwithstanding w thou mayest kill and and to the inheritance which the LORD your cat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul God giveth you.
lusteth after, according to the blessing of the 10 But when P ye go over Jordan, and dwell LORD thy God which he hath given thee : in the land which the LORD your God giveth * the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, you to inherit, and when he giveth you rest Y as of the roebuck, and as of the hart. from all your enemies round about, so that 16 - Only ye shall not eat the blood ; ye. ye dwell in safety;
shall pour it upon
the earth as water. 11 Then there shall be 9 a place which the 17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the LORD your God shall choose, to cause his tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, name to dwell there ; thíther shall ye bring or the firstlings of tlıy herds or of thy flock, all that I command you ; your burnt-offerings, nor any of thy. vows which thou vowest, nor and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave-, thy freewill-offerings, or heave-offering of thine offering of your hand, and all your choice hand : vows which ye vow unto the Lord:
18 a But thou must eat them before the Lord 12 And sye shall rejoice before the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord thy God - Lev. xvii. 3, 4. Ver. 17; chap. xiv. 22, 23 ; xv. 19, 20. -1; i Kings viii. 29 ; Psa. Ixxviii. 68. Heb. the choice of your m Chap. xiv. 26. _n Ver. 12, 18; Lev. xxiii: 40; chap. xvi. 11, vows. Ver. 7. Chap. t. 9; xiv. 29.-- Lev. xvii. 4. 14, 15 ; xxvi. Il ; xxvii. 7. Judg. xvii. 6 ; xxi. 25.- -P Chap. Ver. 11.W Ver. 21.
-y Chap. xiv. 5; xv. 22. xi. 31. - 9 Ver. 5, 14, 18, 21, 26; chap. xiv. 23 ; xv. 20; xvi. 2, Gen. ix. 4; Lev. vii. 26; xvii. 10; chap. XV. 23; ver. 23, 24. &c. ; xvii. 8; xviii. 6; xxiii, 16; xxvi. 2; xxxi. 11; Josh. xviii. a Ver. 11, 12; chap. xiv. 23. then applied to the surrounding districts. In various · Verse 15. Thou mayest kill and eat flesh in 'all thy instances the names of whole mountains, valleys, and gates) With the proviso that the blood be poured out districts, were borrowed from the gods worshipped there. on the ground. 1. The blood should not be eaten.
Verse 14. The place which the Lord' shall choose) 2, It should be poured out by way of sacrifice. I To prevent idolatry and bring about a perfect uniformity think this is the meaning; and not that they should in the Divine worship, which at that time was essen- pour out the blood with as little ceremony and respect tially necessary; because every rite and ceremony had as they poured water upon the ground, which is the a determinate meaning, and pointed out the good things meaning according to Calmet and others. which were to come, therefore one place must be esta- The roebuck, and—the hart] It is very likely that by blished where those rites and ceremonies should be '98 i sebi the antelope is meant; and by S8 aiyal, the carefully and punctually observed. Had it not been hart or deer. This is the opinion of Dr. Shaw; and so, every man would have formed his worship'accord- from the report of travellers we learn that both these ing to his own mind, and the whole beauty and import- | animals are found in that desert to the present day. ance of the grand representative system would have See Harmer, vol. iv., p. 25, &c. Of the propriety of been destroyed, and the Messiah and the glories of his eating clean animals there could be no question, but kingdom could not have been seen through the medium the blood must be poured out; yet there were cases Cof the Jewish ritual. For uniformity in every part in which they might kill and eat in all their gates, of the Divine worship the same necessity. does not cities, and dwellings—such as the roebuck and the hart, now exist ; because that which was typified is come, or all clean wild beasts, for these being taken in huntand the shadows have all fled away. Yet, when it ing, and frequently shot by arrows, their blood could can be obtained, how desirable is it that all sincere not be poured out at the altar. Therefore the comChristians should with one mouth, as well as with one mand appears to take in only such tame beasts as were heart, glorify their common Lord and Saviour ! used for food.
* Ver. 22.
A. M. 2553.
A. M. 2553.
Against eating blood and
following heathen gods shall choose, thou, and thy son, 26 Only thy 'holy things which An. Ex. Isr. 40. and thy daughter, and thy man- thou hast, and mlhy vows, thou An. Ex. Ist. 40.
servant, and thy maid-servant, shalt take, and go unto the place and the Levite that is within thy gates; and which the Lord shall choose : thou shalt rejoice before the Lord thy God in 27 And » thou shalt offer thy burnt-offerings, all that thou puttest thine hands unto. the flesh and the blood, upon the altar of the
19 Take heed to thyself that thou forsake LORD thy God: and the blood of thy sacrifices not the Levite c as long as thou livest upon shall be poured out upon the altar of the LORD the earth.
thy God, and thou shalt eat the flesh. 20 When the LORD thy God shall enlarge 28 Observe and hear all these words which thy border, das he hath promised thee, and I command thee, that it may go well with thou shalt say, I will eat flesh; (becausę iky thee, and with thy children after thee for ever, soul longeth to eat flesh ;) thou mayest eat when thou doest that which is good and right flesh, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. in the sight of the Lord thy God.
21 If the place which the LORD thy God 29 When P the LORD thy God shall cut off hath chosen to put his name there be too far the nations from before thee, whither thou from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and goest to possess them, and thou ? succeedest of thy flock, which the Lord hath given thee, them, and dwellest in their land : as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat 30 Take heed to thyself that thou be not in thy gates whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. snared : by following them, after that they be
22 • Even as the roebuck and the hart is destroyed from before thee ; and that thou ineaten, so thou shalt eat them : the unclean quire not after their gods, saying, How did and the clean shall eat of them alike. these nations serve their gods? even so will
23 f Only & be sure that thou eat not the I do likewisé. blood:: h for the blood is the life ; and thou 31 + Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD mayest not eat the life with the flesh. thy God': for every "abomination to the Lord,
24 Thou shalt not eat it ; thou shalt pour it which he hateth, have they done unto their upon the earth as water.
gods ; for even their sons and their daughters 25 Thou shalt not eat it; i that it may go they have burnt in the fire to their gods. well with thee,' and with thy children after 32 What thing soever I command you, obihee, * when thou shalt do that which is right serve to do it: wihou shalt - not add thereto, in the sight of the LORD.
nor diminish from it.
b. Chap. xiv. 27; Ecclus. vii. 31.
—Heb. all thy days. p Exod. xxiii. 23 ; chap. xix. 1 ;. Josh. xxii. 4. Heb. in. d Gen. xv. 18; xxviii. 14; Exod. xxxiv: 24; chap. xi. 24 ; xix. 8. heritest or possessest them. -- Chap. vii. 16.—Heb. after them. e Ver. 15. Ver. 16. - Heb. be strong
mit Gen. ix. 4; Ver. 4; Lev. xviii. 3, 26, 30 ; 2 Kings xvii. 15.- Heb.aboLev. xvii. 11, 14.-_Chap. iv. 40; Isa. 111. 10. Exod. xv. mination of the. - Lev. xviii. 21; xx. 2; chap. xviii. 10; Jer. 265 chap. xùi. 18; 1 Kings xi. 38. - Num. v. 9, 10.; xviii. 19. xxxii. 35; Ezek. xxiii. 37. w Chap. iv. 2 ; xiii. 18; Josh. i. 7; m1 Sam. i. 21, 22, 24. _n Lev. 1. 5, 9, 13; xvii. 11.--- Ver. 25. Prov. xxx. 6; Rev. xxii. 18.
Verse 19. Forsake not the Levite] These had no burnt in the fire) Almost all the nations in the world inheritance, and were to live by the sanctuary: if there agreed in offering human victims to their gods on exfore the offerings were withheld by which the Levites traordinary occasions, by which it is evident that none were supported, they of course must perish. Those who of those nations had any right notion of the Divine have devoted themselves to the service of God in minis- nature. How necessary, then, was the volume of retering to the salvation of the souls of men, should cer- velation, to teach men what that religion is with which tainly be furnished at least with all the necessaries of God can be well pleased! The Hindoos to this day life. Those who withhold this from them sin against offer human victims to their goddess Cali, and at the their own mercies, and that ordinance of God by which temple of Jaggernaut; and yet, notwithstanding this, a ministry is established for the salvation of souls. there are found certain persons who, while they pro
Verse 23. For the blood is the life] And the life fess Christianity, are absolutely unwilling to send the being offered as an atonement, consequently the blood Hindoos the Gospel of Christ, because they think it should not be eaten. See the notes on Lev. xvii. ì1, would not be politically wise ! But the wisdom of this where the subject of the vitality of the blood is largely world has ever been foolishness with God; and in spite considered.
of all this infidel policy, the word of the Lord shall Verse 31. Their sons and their daughters they have have free course and be glorified.
B. C. 1451.
A. M. 2553.
The punishment of such, 9-11. Of cities perverted from the pure worship of God, 12-14.
Sebat. dreams, and giveth thee a sign friend, m which is as thine own Sebat. or a wonder,
soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go 2 And the sign or the wonder come to pass, and serve other gods, which thou hast not whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us known, thou, nor thy fathers ; go after other gods, which thou hast not 7 Namely, of the gods of the people which known, and let us serve them ;
are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far 3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words off froin thee, from the one end of the earth of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams : even unto the other end of the earth : for the Lord your God - proveth you, to
o 8 Thou shalt not consent unto him, nor know whether ye love the LORD your God hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye with all your heart, and with all your soul. pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither
4 Ye shall e walk after the Lord your God, shalt thou conceal him :
death, and afterwards the hand of all the
is among you. 6 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, 12 If thou shalt hear say in one of thy
- Matt. xxiv. 24; 2 Thess. ii. 9. Chap. Chap. xvii. 7; xxii. 21, 22, 24; 1 Cor. 'v. 13. xviii. 22; Jer. xxviii. 9; Matt. vü. 22.- d Chap. viii. 2; see xvii. 2.- See Gen. xvi. 5; chap. xxviii. 54; Prov. v. 20; Mic. Matt. xxiv. 24; I Cor. xi. 19;.2 Thess. ii. 11; Rev. xiii. 14.
ml Sam. xviii: 1, 3; xx. 17.-
Judg. xx. 1, 2.
Verse 3. The Lord your God proveth you] God
| the severest laws were enacted against it.
a Zech. x. 2.
n Proverbs i. 10.
A. M. 2553.
A. M. 2553.
Superstitious customs in
mourning prohibited. cities, which the LORD thy God into the midst of the street thereAn. Ex. Isr. 40. hath given thee to dwell there, of, and shalt y burn with fire the An. Ex. Isr. 40. saying,
city, and all the spoil ihereof 13 Certain men, the children of Belial, u are every whit, for the LORD thy God : and it gone out from among you, and have with shall be ? a heap fór ever ; it shall not be drawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, built again. "Let us go and serve other gods, which ye 17 And a there shall cleave naught of the have not known;
b cursed thing to thine hand : that the LORD 14 Then shalt thou inquire, and make searchi, may turn from the fierceness of his anger, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and show thee mercy, and have compassion and the thing certain, that such abomination upon thee, and multiply thee, das he hath is wrought among you;
sworn unto thy fathers; 15 Thou shalt-surely smite the inhabitants 18 When thou shalt hearken to the voice of of that city with the edge of the sword, * de- the LORD thy God, to keep all his commandstroying it utterly, and all that is therein, and ments which I command thee this day, to do the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword. that which is right in the eyes of the LORD
16 And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it thy God.
"Or, naughty men; see Judg. xix. 22; 1 Sam. ii. 12 ; xxv. 17, y Josh. vi. 24.- Josh. viii. 28; Isa. xvii. l; xxv. 2; Jer. 25; 1 Kings xxi. 10, 13; 2 Cor. vi. 15. -" 1 John ii, 19; Jude xlix. 2.- Chap. vii. 26 , Joshua vi. 18.- Or, devoted. 19. - 2 Kings xvii. 21. -w Ver. ii, 6. * Exod. xxii. 20; • Joshua vị. 26. d Genesis xxi. 17; xxvi. 4, 24 ; xxvii. 14. Lev. xxvii. 28, Josh. vi. 17, 21.
Chap. xii. 25, 28, 32.
Verse 13. Children of Belial] Spons, from 53 bal, cursed thing] As God did not permit them to take nat, and Spou yaal, profit ;-Sépt. avopes rapavouo, the spoils of these idolatrous cities, they could be unlawless men ;—persons good for nothing to themselves der no temptation to make war upon them. It could or others, and capable of nothing but mischief. only be done through a merely religious motive, in
Verse 15. Thou shall surely smite the inhabitants) obedience to the command of God, as they could have If one city were permitted to practise idolatry, the evil no profit by the subversion of such places. How few would soon spread, therefore the contagion must be religious wars weuld there ever have been in the world destroyed in its birth.,
had they been regulated by this principle : “ Thou shalt Verse 17. And there shall cleave: naught of the neither extend thy territory, nor take any spoils !"
B. C. 1451.
B. C. 145).
CHAPTER XIV. The Israelites are not to adopt superstitious customs in mourning, 1, 2. The different kinds of clean and
unclean animals, 3–20. , 'Nothing to be eaten that dieth of itself, 21. Concerning offerings - which, from distance cannot be carried to the altar of God, and which may be turned into money, 22-26. The Levite is not to be forsaken, 27. The third year's tithe for the Levite, stranger, widow, fc., 28, 29. A. M. 2553.
YE are a the children of the 'a peculiar people unto himself, A. M. 2553. An. Ex. Isr. 40. LORD your God :-"ye shall above all the nations that are An. Ex: Ist. 10.
not cut yourselves, nor make any upon the earth. baldness between your eyes for the dead." 3 : Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. 2 . For thou art a holy people unto the LORD 4. These are the beasts which
shall eat : thy God, and the Lord hath.chosen thee to be the ox, the sheep, and the goat, ** Rom. viii. 16; ix. 8, 26; Gal. iii. 26.b.Lev. xix, 28; xxi, 5; Lev. xx. 26; chap. vii. 6; xxvi. 18, 19.—d Ezek. iv. 14; Acts Jer. xvi. 6; xli. 5 ; xlvii. 5; 1 Thess. iv, 13.
x. 13, 14.
Le Lev. xi. 2, &c.
NOTES ON CHAP. XIV.
relative to the clean and unclean 'animals there menVerse 1. Ye are the children of the Lord] The tioned. For the general subject, the reader is referred very highest eharacter that can be conferred on any to the notes on that chapter ; but as there are particucreated beings; ye shall not cut yourselves, i. e., their lars mentioned here which Moses does not introduce hair, for it was a custom among idolatrous nations to in Leviticus, it will be necessary to consider them in consecrate their hair to their deities, though they this place. sometimes also made incisions in their flesh.
The ox) 710 shor: Bos, fifth order Pecora, of the Verse 4. These are the beasts which ye shall cat] genus MAMMALIA, species 41. This term includes al On Lev. xi, I have entered into considerable detail clean animals of the beeve kind; not only the ot,