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Sebal.

Cautions against forgelting DEUTERONOMY.

God in prosperity A. M. 2553. 9 A land wherein thou shalt eat judgments, and his statutes, which A. M. 2553. B. C. 1451.

B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40. bread without scarceness, thou I command, thee this day : An. Ex. Iss. 40. Sebat,

shalt not lack any thing in it; 12 P Lest when thou hast eaten a land – whose stones are iron, and out of and art full, and hast built goodly houses, and whose hills thou mayest dig brass.

dwelt therein ; 10 When thou hast eaten and art full, then 13 And when thy herds and thy flocks multhou shalt bless the Lord thy God, for the tiply, and thy silver and thy gold is multiplied, good land which he hath given thee. and all that thou hast is multiplied ;

11 Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy 14' . Then thine heart be lifted up, and thoa God, in not keeping his commandments, and his forget the LORD thy God, which brought

Ch. xxxiii. 25.-- Ch. vi. 11, 12.-p Ch. xxviii. 47;xxxii. 15; Prov. xxx. 9; Hos. xii. 6. -41 Cor. vi. 7.- Psa. cri. 21. quantities : Hasselquist, in the progress of his journey rocks : the rocky mountains of this country, it is well from Acra to Nazareth, tells us that he found“ great known, produce an abundance of aromatic plants pronumbers of bees, bred thereabouts, to the great ad- per for the purpose. Nor does Asaph, in the close vantage of the inhabitants.” He adds, " they make of the eighty-first Psalm, speak, I apprehend, of honey their bee-hives, with little trouble, of clay, four feet found in cavities of rocks; nor yet is he there descrilong, and half a foot in diameter, as in Egypt. They bing it as collected from the odoriferous plants that lay ten or twelve of them, one on another, on the bare grow in the rocky hills of those countries, if the readground, and build over every ten a little roof.” Mr. ing of our present Hebrew copies be right: but the Maundrell, observing also many bees in the Holy prophet tells Israel that, had they been obedient, God Land, takes notice that by their means the most barren would have fed them with the fat of wheat, and with places in other respects of that country become use the rock of honey would he have satisfied them, that ful, perceiving in many places of the great salt plain is, with the most delicious wheat, and with the richest, near Jericho a smell of honey and wax as strong as most invigorating honey, in large quantities, both for if he had been in an apiary.

eating and making agreeable drink. Its reviving, By Hasselquist's account it appears, that the pre- strengthening quality appears in the story of Jonathan, sent inhabitants of Palestine are not strangers to the Saul's son, 1 Sam. xix. 27; as the using the term rocs use of hives. They are constructed of very different to signify strength, &c., appears in a multitade of materials from ours, but just the same with the Egyp- places. The rock of a sword, Psa. lxxxix. 43, for tian hives. They seem to be an ancient contrivance; the edge of the sword, in which its energy lies, is, and indeed so simple an invention must be supposed to perhaps, as strange an expression to western ears. be as old as the days of Moses, when arts, as appears I shall have occasion to speak of the excellence of from his writings, of a much more elevated nature the grapes of Judea in a succeeding chapter; I may were known in Egypt. I cannot then well persuade therefore be excused from pursuing the farther examimyself to adopt the opinion of some of the learned, nation of the productions of this country, upon giving that those words of Moses, in Deut. xxxii. 13, He my reader a remark of Dr. Shaw's to this purpose, made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out that it is impossible for pulse, wheat, or grain of any of the flinty rock, are to be understood of his causing kind, to be richer or better tasted than what is sold at Israel to dwell in a country where sometimes they Jerusalem. Only, it may not be amiss to add, with might find honey-comb in holes of the rock. It is respect to this country's being well watered, that the very possible that in that hot country these insects, depth, bnn tehom, spoken of in this passage, seems to when not taken due care of, may get into hollow places mean reservoirs of water filled by the rains of winter, of the rocks, and form combs there, as they sometimes and of great use to make their lands fertile; as the construct them in ours in hollow trees, though I do second word onsyn lealotheiha seems to mean wells, not remember to have met with any traveller that has or some such sort of conveniences, supplied by springs; made such an observation. But would this have been and the first word ning naharotheiha rivers or runmentioned with so much triumph by Moses in this ning streams, whether carrying a larger or smaller place? The quantities of honey produced after this body of water. What an important part of this manner could be but small, compared with what would pleasing description, especially in the ears of those be collected in hives properly managed; when found, that had wandered near forty years in a most dry and it must often cost a great deal of pains to get the parched wilderness! I will only add, without entering honey out of these little cavities in the hard stone, and into particulars, that the present face of the country much the greatest part must be absolutely lost to the answers this description. inhabitants. The interpretation is the more strange, Verse 9. A land whose stones are iron] Not only because when it is said in the next clause, “and oil meaning that there were iron mines throughout the out of the flinty rock,” it is evidently meant that they land, but that the loose stones were strongly impreg-. should have oil produced in abundance by olive trees nated with iron, ores of this metal (the most useful of growing on flinty rocks ; and consequently, the suck- all the products of the mineral kingdom) being every ing honey out of the rock should only mean their where in great plenty. enjoying great quantities of honey, produced by bees Out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass.) As there that collected it from flowers growing among the l is no such thing in nature as a brass mine, the word

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Sebat.

Sebat.

Address to Israel before

CHAP. IX.

passing over Jordan. thee forth out of the land of 18 But thou shalt remember the An. Ex. Isr

. 40. Egypt, from the house of bon- LORD thy God : y for it is he An. Ex. Isr. 40. dage;

that giveth thee power to get 15 Who s led thee through that great and wealth, that ? he may establish his covenant terrible wilderness, + wherein were fiery ser- which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is pents, and scorpions, and drought, where this day. there was no water; u who brought thee forth 19 And it shall be, if thou do at all forget water out of the rock of flint;

the LORD thy God, and walk after other gods, - 16 Who fed thee in the wilderness with and serve them, and worship them, I testify

manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he against you this day that ye shall surely might humble thee, and that he might prove perish. thee, w to do thee good at thy latter end; 20 As the nations which the Lord destroyeth

17 •* And thou say in thine heart, My power before your face, bso shall ye perish ; because and the might of mine hand hath gotten me ye would not be obedient unto the voice of this wealth.

the LORD your God.

V

* Isa. Ixñi. 12, 13, 14; Jer. ij. 6.- - Numbers xxi. 6; Hos. w Jer. xxiv. 5, 6; Heb. xii. i1.- -* Chap. ix. 4; 1 Cor. iv. 7. xiii. 5. - Num. xx. 11 ; Psa. Ixxviii. 15; cxiv. 8. - Ver. 3; y Prov. x. 22 : Hos. ii. 8. - Chap: vi. 8, 12.---- Chap. iv. 26; Exod. xvi. 15.

XXX. 18.

- Dan. ix. 11, 12.

non) nechosheth should be translated copper; of which, Verse 18. God-giveth thee power to get wealth] by the addition of the lapis calaminaris, brass is made. Who among the rich and wealthy believes this saying? See on Exod. xxv. 3.

Who gives wisdom, understanding, skill, bodily strength, Verse 15. Who led thee through thal-terrible wil- and health? Is it not God? And without these, how derness] See the account of their journeying in the can wealth be acquired? Whose is providence ? who notes on Exod. xvi. 1, &c. ; Num. xxi., &c. gives fertility to the earth? And who brings every

Fiery serpents) Serpents whose bite occasioned a proper purpose to a right issue? Is it not God? And most violent inflammation, accompanied with an un- without these also can wealth be acquired ? No. Then quenchable thirst, and which terminated in death. See the proposition in the text is self-evident : it is God on Num. xxi. 6.

that giveth power to get wealth, and to God the wealthy Verse 16. Who fed theewith manna] See this man must account for the manner in which he has efmiracle described Exod. xvi. 13, &c.

pended the riches which God hath given him.

B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40.

Sebat.

CHAPTER IX. The people are informed that they shall shortly pass over Jordan, and that God shall go over before them,

to expel the ancient inhabitants, 1-3. They are cautioned not to suppose that it is on actount of their righteousness that God is to give them that land, 4-6. They are exhorted to remember their various provocations of the Divine Majesty, especially at Horeb, 7-14; and how Moses interceded for them, and destroyed the golden calf, 15–21. How they murmured at Taberah, 22 ; and rebelled at Kadesh-barnea, 23; and had been perverse from the beginning, 24. An account of the intercession of Moses in their behalf, 25-29. A. M. 2553. HEAR, O Israel : Thou art to whom thou hast heard say, Who A. M. 2553,

B. C. 1451. pass over Jordan this day, can stand before the children of an. Ex. Isr. 40. Sebat.

to go in to possess nations Anak ? greater and mightier than thyself, cities great 3 Understand therefore this day, that the and · fenced up to heaven;

LORD thy God is he which goeth over before 2 A people great and tall, d the children of thee; as a consuming fire & he shall destroy the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and of them, and he shall bring them down before thy - Chap. xi. 31; Josh. iii. 16; iv. 19.- - Chap. iv. 38; vii. 1; - Chap. xxxi, 3; Josh. iii. 11. - Chap. iv. 24; Heb. xii. 29. xi. 23. Chap. i. 28.-Num. xiii. 22, 28, 32, 33.

8 Chap. vii. 23. NOTES ON CHAP. IX.

over, because of their rebellions ; but this time they Verse 1. Thou art to pass over Jordan this day] shall certainly pass over. This was spoken about the Din haiyom, this time; they had come thirty-eight eleventh month of the forlieth year of their journeying, years before this nearly to the verge of the promised and it was on the first month of the following year they land, but were not permitted at that day or time to pass. I passed over ; and during this interim Moses died.

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Sebat.

Sebat.

The various provocations and DEUTERONOMY. rebellions of the Israelites.

face: hso shalt thou drive them words, which the Lord spake A. M. 2553. An. Ex. Isr. 40. out, and destroy them quickly, with you in the mount, out of the An. Ex. Isr. 40.

as the Lord hath said unto thee. midst of the fire, ' in the day of 4 i Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the assembly. the LORD thy God hath cast them out from 11 And it came to pass, at the end of forty before thee, saying, For my righteousness the days and forty nights, that the Lord gave me Lord hath brought me in to possess this land : the two tables of stone, even the tables of the but k for the wickedness of these nations the covenant. LorD doth drive them out from before thee. 12 And the LORD said unto me, " Arise, get

5 Not for thy righteousness, or for the up- thee down quickly from hence; for thy people rightness of thine heart, doth thou go to pos- which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt sess their land : but for the wickedness of have corrupted themselves ; they are quickly these nations the LORD thy God doth drive turned aside out of the way which I comthem out from before thee, and that he may manded them; they have made them a molten perform m the word which the LORD sware unto image. thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 13 Furthermore w the LORD spake unto me,

6 Understand, therefore, that the LORD thy saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, God giveth thee not this good · land to possess *.it is a stiff-necked people : it for thy righteousness; for thou art

a stiff

14 y Let me alone, that I may destroy them, necked people.

and z blot out their name from under heaven: 7 Remember, and forget not, how thou pro- and I will make of thee a nation mightier vokedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wil- and greater than they. derness : 'o from the day that thou didst depart 15 So I turned and came down from the out of the land of Egypt, until ye came unto mount, and ° the mount burned with fire : and this place, ye have been rebellious against the the two tables of the covenant were in my two LORD.

hands. 8 Also Pin Horeb ye provoked the Lord to 16 And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned wrath, so that the Lord was angry with you against the LORD your God, and had made you to have destroyed you.

a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly 9 ? When I was gone up into the mount to out of the way which the LORD had comreceive the tables of stone, even the tables of manded you. the covenant which the Lord made with you, 17 And I took the two tables, and cast them then I abode in the mount forty days and out of my two hands, and brake them before forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink your eyes. water;

18. And I e fell down before the Lord, as at 10 And the Lord delivered unto me two the first, forty days and forty nights : I did tables of stone written with the finger of God; neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of and on them was written according to all the all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wick

Exod. xxiii. 31 ; chap. vii. 24. i Chap. viii. 17; Rom. xi. * Exodus xix. 17; xx. l; chap. iv. 10; x. 4; xviii. 16. 6, 20; 1 Cor, iv. 4, 7. — Gen. xv. 16; Lev. xviii. 24, 25 ; • Exod. xxxii. 7.—Chap. xxxi, 29; Judg. ii. 17.— * Exod. chap. xviii. 12.

I Tit. iii. 5. m Gen. xii. 7; xiii. 15 ; xv.7; xxxii. 9.-* Ver. 6; chap. x. 16; xxxi. 27; 2 Kings xvii. 14. xvii. 8; xxvi. 4; xxviii. 13.- Ver. 13; Exod. xxxii. 9;xxxii. 3; Exod. xxxii. 10. — Chap. xxix. 20; Psa. ix. 5; cix. 13. xxxiv. 9. - Exod. xiv. 11; xvi. 2; xvii. 2; Num. xi. 4; XX. 2; a Num. xiv. 12. Lb Exod. xxxii. 15. Exod. xix. 18; chap. xxv. 2; ch. xxxi. 27.--P Exod. xxxii. 4; Psa, cvi. 19. Exod. iv. 11; v. 23. Exod. xxxii, 19. - Exod. xxxiv. 28; Psa xxiy, 12, 15. Exod. xxiv. 18; xxxiv. 28.- Exod. xxxi. 18. cvi. 23.

Verse 5. For the wickedness of these nations) Soites were grafted in; and the Israelites, because of then it was not by any sovereign act of God that these their wickedness, were afterwards cut off, and the Genpeople were cast out, but for their wickedness; they tiles grafted in. Let the latter not be high-minded, had transgressed the law of their Creator; they had but fear; if God spared not the natural branches, take resisted his Spirit, and could no longer be tolerated. heed lest he spare not thee. But let it be remembered The Israelites were to possess their land, not because that this land was originally their own, and that the they deserved it; but first, because they were less wicked present possessors had no legal right to it. than the others; and secondly, because God thus chose Verse 10. Tables of stone) See the notes on Exod. to begin the great work of his salvation among men. xxxi. 18, and xxxii. 15, 16. Thus then the Canaanites were cut off, and the Israel- Verse 12. Thy people have corrupted themselves)

B. C. 1451.

Sebat.

Sebat.

Moses is commanded to make

CHAP. X.

a second set of tables. A. M. 2553. edly in the sight of the Lord, to Lord from the day that I knew A. M. 2553:

B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr . 40. provoke him to anger.

you.

An. Ex. Isr. 40. 19 f For I was afraid of the e 25 Thus I fell down before anger and hot displeasure wherewith the LORD the Lord, forty days and forty nights, as I fell was wroth against you to destroy you. 8. But down at the first ; because the Lord had said the Lord hearkened unto me at that time also. he would destroy you.

20 And the Lord was very angry with Aaron 26 4 I prayed therefore unto the LORD, and to have destroyed him: and I prayed for said, O Lord God, destroy not thy people and Aaron also the same time.

thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed 21 And h I took your sin, the calf which ye through thy greatness; which thou hast brought had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand. it, and ground it very small, even until it was 27 Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, as small as dust : and I cast the dust thereof and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of into the brook that descended out of the mount. this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to

22 And at Taberah, and at k Massah, and at their sin : 1 ,

to wrath.

us out, say, - Because the LORD was not able 23 Likewise - when the Lord sent you from to bring them into the land which he promised Kadesh-barnea, saying, Go up and possess the them, and because he hated them, he hath land which I have given you ; then ye rebelled brought them out to slay them in the wilderagainst the commandment of the LORD your ness. God, and "ye believed him not, nor hearkened 29 · Yet they are thy people, and thine into his voice.

heritance, which thou broughtest out by thy 24 Ye have been 'rebellious against the mighty power, and by thy stretched-out arm.

i Exod. xxxii. 10, 11. -- Exod. xxxii. 14; xxxiii. 17; chap. p Ver. 18. Exod. xxxi. 11, &c.- -r Gen. xli. 57; 1 Sam. x. 10; Psa. cvi. 23. Exod. xxxii. 20; Isa. xxxi. 7. i Num. xiv. 25.- Exod. xxxii. 12; Num. xiv. 16.- I Chap. iv. 20; xi. 1, 3, 5.- Exod. xvii. 7.

Num. 1 Kings viii. 51; Neh. i. 10; Psa. xcv. 7.- u Ver. 26; chap xiii. 3 ; xiv. 1.-Psa.cvi. 24, 25.-- Chap. xxxi. 27. iv. 34; Exod. vii. 8, 9; xiii. 3. Debased themselves by making and worshipping an patriarchs in behalf of these.” God bestows many Egyptian idol. See on Exod. xxxii.

blessings on comparatively worthless persons, either Verse 21. I took your sin, the calf which ye had for the sake of their pious ancestors, or on account of made] See this fully explained Exod. xxxii. 20. the religious people with whom they are connected ;

Verse 22. At Kibroth-hatlaavah] See the note on therefore union with the Church of God is a blessing Num. xi. 18.

of no common magnitude. The reader will find the Verse 27. Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, grand subject of this chapter explained at large in the and Jacob] As if he had said : “ These are their notes on Exod. xxxi. and xxxii., to which he is pardescendants, and the covenant was made with those ticularly desired to refer.

Num. xi, 4, 34.

in

CHAPTER X.

Moses is commanded lo make a second set of tables, 1, 2. He makes an ark, prepares the two tables, God

writes on them the ten commandments, and Moses lays them up in the ark, 3-5. The Israelites journey from Beeroth to Mosera, where Aaron dies, 6 ; and from thence to Gudgodah 'and Jotbath, 7. At that time God separated the tribe of Levi for the service of the sanctuary, 8, 9. How long Moses stayed the second time in the mount, 10, 11. What God requires of the Israelites, 12–15. Their heart must be circumcised, 16. God's character and conduct, 17, 18. They are commanded to love the stranger, 19; to fear, love, and serve God, 20, because he had done such great things for them and their fathers, 21, 22. A. M. 2553.

AT T that time the Lord said | and come up unto me into the A. M. 2553. B. C. 1451.

B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40.

a Hew thee two mount, and make thee an ark An. Ex. Isr. 40. Sebat.

Sebat. tables of stone like unto the first, of wood. a Exod. xxxiv. 1, 2.

b Exod. xxv. 10. NOTES ON CHAP. X.

Verse 3. Shittim wood] See the note on Exod. Verse 1. Hew thee two tables of stone] See the xxv. 5, and succeeding verses, and on the parallel notes on Exod. xxxiv. 1.

places in the margin.

unto me,

Sebat.

What God requires
DEUTERONOMY.

of the Israelites. A. M. 2553. 2 And I will write on the tables minister unto him, and u to bless A. M. 2553. B. C. 1451.

B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40. the words that were in the first in his name, unto this day, An. Ex. Isr. 40. tables, which thou brakest, and 9 Wherefore Levi hath no

Sebat. • thou shalt put them in the ark.

part nor inheritance with his brethren ; the 3 And I made an ark of a shittim wood, and LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD

hewed two tables of stone, like unto the first, thy God promised him. and went up into the mount, having the two 10 And I stayed in the mount, according tables in mine hand.

to the first time, forty days and forty nights; 4 And the wrote on the tables, according to and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time the first writing, the ten & commandments also, and the LORD would not destroy thee. h which the Lord spake unto you in the mount,

11 And the LORD said unto me, Arise, out of the midst of the fire, i in the day of a take thy journey before the people, that they the assembly: and the Lord gave them may go in and possess the land, which I unto me.

sware unto their fathers to give unto them. 5 And I turned myself, and k came down from . 12 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD the mount, and put the tables in the ark thy God, require of thee, but o to fear the LORD which I had made; m and there they be, as the thy God, a to walk in all his ways, and to LORD commanded me.

love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with 6 And the children of Israel took their all thy heart and with all thy soul, journey from Beeroth n of the children of 13 To keep the commandments of the LORD, Jaakan to Mosera : P there Aaron died, and and his statutes, which I command thee this there he was buried; and Eleazar his son day f for thy good ? ministered in the priest's office,, in his stead. 14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of

7. From thence they journeyed unto Gud- heavens. is the Lord's thy God, the earth godah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a also, with all that therein is. land of rivers of waters.

15 i Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers 8 At that time the LORD separated the to love them, and he chose their seed after them, tribe of Levi, s to bear the ark of the covenant even you above all people, as it is this day. of the LORD, t to stand before the LORD to 16 Circumcise therefore k the foreskin of

c Exodus xxv. 16, 21.- d Exodus xxv. 5, 10; xxxvii. 1. Ezek. xliv. 28.—w Exod. xxxiv. 28; chap. ix. 18, 25.- - Or, e Exodus xxxiv, 4. - Exodus xxxiv. 28. - Heb. words. former days.- -y Exod. xxxii: 14, 33, 34; xxxiii. 17; chap. ix. 19. h Exodus xx. 1. i Exodus xix. 17; chap. ix. 10; xviii. 16. 2 Exod. xxxii. 34 ; xxxiii. 1. -a Heb. go in journey. * Exodus xxxiv, 29.

m 1 Kings viii, 9. vi. 8. Chap. vi. 13.-0 Chap. v. 33. — Chap. vi. 5; xi. Num. xxxiii. 31. Lo Num.xxxiii. 30. -P Num.xx.28; xxxiii. 13; xxx. 16, 20; Matt. xxii. 37.- Chap. vi. 24:51 Kings 38. Num. xxxiii. 32, 33.- Num. iii. 6; iv. 4; viii. 14,; viii. 17; Psa. cxv. 16; cxlviii.-4.- h Gen, xiv. 19; Exod. xix. xvi:9. Num. iv. 15.- - Ch. xviii. 5. - Lev. ix. 22 ; Num. 5; Psa. xxiv. 1. - Chap. iv. 37. _k. See Lev. xxvi. 41 ; chap. vi. 23 ; chap. xxi. 5.- Num. xviii. 20, 24 ; chap. xviii. 1, 2, xxx. 6; Jer. iv. 4; Rom. ii. 28, 29; Col. ii. 11.

Verse 4. Ten commandments) See the note on putting forth your whole strength and energy of body Exod. xx. 1, &c.

and soul in the sacred work. Verse 6. And the children of Israel took their jour- Verse 14. Behold, the heaven and the heaven of ney, fc.] On this and the three following. verses see heavens] All these words in the original are in the Kennicott's remarks at the end of this chapter.

: Verse 12. Now, Israel, what doth the Lordrequire yim, ushemey hashshamayim ; behold, the heavens and of thee] An answer is immediately given. God re. the heavens of heavens. But what do they mean? To quires,

say that the first means the atmosphere, the second 1. That ye fear him as Jehovah your God ; -him who the planetary system, and the third the region of the made, preserves, and governs you.

blessed, is saying but very little in the way of expla2. That ye walk in all his ways—that, having re- nation. The words were probably intended to point ceived his precepts, all of which are good and excel- out the immensity of God's creation, in which we may lent, ye obey the whole ; walking in God's ways, not readily conceive one system of heavenly bodies, and your own, nor in the ways of the people of the land. others beyond them, and others still in endless pro

3. That ye love him-have confidence in him as gression through the whole vortex of space, every star your father and friend, have recourse to him in all your in the vast abyss of nature being á sun, with its pecunecessities, and love him in return for his love. liar and numerous attendant worlds! Thus there may

4. That you serve him-give him that worship be systems of systems in endless gradation up to the which he requires, performing it with all your heart-throne of God! the whole of your affections, and with all your soul- Verse 16. Circumcisethe foreskin of your heart] your will, understanding, and judgment. In a word, / A plain proof from God himself that this precept

Lb Mic.

Exodus xl. 20.

-hen hashshama הן השמים ושמי השמים :plural number

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