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cir. 40.

cir. 40.

Ordinances relative to the weekly, CHAP, XXVIII. monthly, and annual sacrifices

M. cir. 2553. be poured unto the LORD for .a for a burnt-offering unto the A. M. cir. 2553 An. Exod. Isr. drink-offering.

LORD; two young bullocks, and An. Exod. Isr. 8 And the other lamb shalt thou one ram, and seven lambs of the offer at even : as the meat-offering of the morn- first year : they shall be unto you without ing, and as the drink-offering thereof, thou blemish: shalt offer it, a sacrifice made by fire, of a 20 And their meat-offering shall be of flour sweet savour unto the LORD.

mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye 9 And on the Sabbath day two lambs of the offer for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a first year without spot, and two tenth deals of ram; flour for a meat-offering, mingled with oil, 21 A several tenth deal shalt thou offer for and the drink-offering thereof:

every lamb, throughout the seven lambs : 10 This is the burnt-offering of every Sab- 22 And one goat for a sin-offering, to make bath, beside the continual burnt-offering, and an atonement for you. his drink-offering.

23 Ye shall offer these beside the burnt11 And m in the beginnings of your months offering in the morning, which is for a contiye shall offer a burnt-offering unto the LORD; nual burnt-offering. two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs 24 After this manner ye shall offer daily, of the first year without spot ;

throughout the seven days, the meat of the 12 And n three tenth deals of flour for a sacrifice made by fire, -of a sweet savour unto meat-offering, mingled with oil, for one bul- the LORD : it shall be offered beside the con lock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat- tinual burnt-offering, and his drink-offering. offering, mingled with oil, for one ram; 25 And u on the seventh day ye shall have

13 And a several tenth deal of flour mingled a holy convocation ; ye shall do no servile with oil for a meat-offering unto one lamb; work. for a burnt-offering of a sweet savour, a sàcri- 26 Also in the day of the first-fruits, when fice made by fire unto the LORD.

ye bring a 'new meat-offering unto the LORD, 14 And their drink-offering shall be half a after your weeks be out, ye shall have a holy hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part convocation; ye shall do no servile work :. of a hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of a 27 But ye shall offer the burnt-offering for a hin unto a lamb: this is the burñt-offering of sweet savour unto the LORD; W two young every month throughout the months of the year. bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the first

15 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offer- year; ing unto the LORD shall be offered, beside the 28 And their meat-offering of flour mingled continual burnt-offering, and his drink-offering with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock,

16 And in the fourteenth day of the first two tenth deals unto one ram, month is the passover of the LORD.

29 A several -tenth deal unto one lamb, 17. 9 And in the fifteenth day of this month throughout the seven lambs ; is the feast : seven days shall unleavened 30 And one kid of the goats, to make an bread be eaten.

atonement for

you. 18 In the first day, shall be a holy convo- 31 Ye shall offer them beside the continual cation ; ye shall.do no manner of servile work burnt-offering, and his meat-offering, (* they therein :

shall be unto you without blemish,) and their 19 But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire drink-offerings.

! Ezek. xlvi. 4.—_m Chap. x. 10; 1 Sam. xx. 5; 1 Chron. 9 Lev. xxiii. 6. * Exod. xii. 16; Lev. xxiii. 7.- Ver. 31; xxiii. 31; 2 Chron. ii. 4; Ezra ir. 5;

Neh. x. 33; Isa. i. 13, 14; Lev. xxii. 20; chap. xxix. 8; Deut. xv. 21. Ver. 15. Ezek. xlv. 17; xlvi. 6; Hos. ii. 11; Col. ii. 16. Chap. xv. u Exod. xii. 16; xiii, 6; Lev. xxui. 8. - Exod. xxiii. 16;

w See 4–12.- Ver. 22; chap. xv. 24. Exod. xii. 6, 18; Lev. xxxiv. 22 ; Lev. xxiii. 10, 15; Deut. xvi. 10; Acts ii. 1.xxii. 5; chap. ix. 3; Deut. xvi. I; Ezek, xlv. 21.

Lev. xxiii. 18, 19. * Ver. 19.

Verse 26. Day of the first-fruits] Called Verse 31. Without blemish] This is to be under, also the feast of weeks, and the feast of pente- stood as applying, not only to the animals, but also to. cost. See it explained Exod. xxii. 14, and Lev. the flour, wine, and oil ; every thing must be perfect ҳҳііі. 15.

in its kind.

Of the feast of trumpets,

NUMBERS.

annual atonement, fc.

CHAPTER XXIX. The feast of trumpets on the first day of the seventh month, and its sacrifices, 1-6. The feast of expiation,

or annual atonement, on the tenth day of the same month, with its sacrifices, 7-11. The feast of tabernacles held on the fifteenth day of the same month, with ils eight days' offerings, 12. The offerings of the first day, thirteen bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs, and one kid, 13–16. The offerings of the second day, twelve bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs, and one kid, 17-19. The offerings of the third day, eleven bullocks; the rest as before, 20-22. The offerings of the fourth day, ten bullocks; the rest as before, 23–25. The offerings of the fifth day, nine bullocks, fc., 26–28. The offerings of the sixth day, eight bullocks, 96., 29–31. The offerings of the seventh day, seven bullocks, fc., 32–34. The offerings of the eighth day, one bullock, one ram, seven lambs, and one goat, 35–38. These sacrifices to be offered, and feasts to be kept, besides vows, freewill-offerings, fc., fc., 39. Moses announces all these

things to the people, 40. 1. M. cir. 2535 AND in the seventh month, 8 But ye shall offer a burnt. A. M. cir. 2553.

B. C. cir. 1451. An. Exod. Isr. on 'the first day of the offering unto the Lord for a sweet An. Exod. Isr. cir. 40.

cir. 40. month, ye , shall have a holy savour; one young bullock, one convocation ; ye shall do no servile work : ait ram, and seven lambs of the first year; & they is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. shall be unto you without blemish :

2 And ye shall offer a burnt-offering for a 9 And their meat-offering shall be of flour sweet savour unto the Lord; one young mingled with oil, three tenth deals to a bulbullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first lock, and two tenth deals to one ram, year without blemish :

. 10 A several tenth deal for one lamb, through3 And their meat-offering shall be of flour out the seven lambs: mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bul- 1:1. One kid of the goats for a sin-offering ; lock, and two tenth deals for a ram,

beside h the sin-offering of atonement, and the 4 And one tenth deal for one lamb, through- continual burnt-offering, and the meat-offering out the seven lambs : :

of it, and their drink-offerings. 5 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering, 12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh to make an atonement for you :

month ye shall have a holy convocation ; ye 6 Beside the burnt-offering of the month, shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a and his meat-offering, and the daily burnt- feast unto the Lord seven days: offering, and his meat-offering, and their drink- 13 And ye shall offer a burnt-offering, a sa offerings, d according unto their manner, for a crifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD; thirteen young bullocks, two rams, the LORD.

and fourteen lambs of the first year; they shall 7 And ye shall have on the tenth day of be without blemish : this seventh month a holy convocation ; and 14 And their meat-offering shall be of flour ye shall "afflict your souls : ye shall not do mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto every any work therein :

bullock of the thirteen bullocks, two tenth a Lev. xxiii. 24, 25; Ezra in. 6; chap. x. l-10; 1 Chron. xv. e Lev. xvi. 29; xxiii. 27.-Psa. xxxv. 13; Isa. Ivini. 5. 28; Psa. lxxxi, 3; lxxxix. 15. - Chap. xxviil 11.- - Chap. 5 Chap. xxviii. 19.—Lev. xvi. 3, 5.-i Lev. xxu. 33 ; Deut. xxviii. 3.- Chap. xv. 11, 12.

xvi. 13; Ezek. xlv. 25, NOTES ON CHAP. XXIX.

Verse 7. On ihe tenth day.] See the notes on Lev. Verse 1. And in the seventh month, $c.) This was xvi. 29; xxiii. 24. the beginning of their civil year, and was a time of Verse 12. On the fifteenth day of the seventh month) great-festivity, and was ushered in by the blowing of On this day there was to be a solemn assembly, and trumpets. It answers to a part of our September. for seven days sacrifices were to be offered ; on the In imitation of the Jews different nations began their first day thirteen young bullocks, two rams, and fournew year with sacrifices and festivity. The ancient teen lambs. On each succeeding day one bulloek less, Egyptians did so ; and the Persians still celebrate their till on the seventh day there were only seven, making

jy w nawi rooz, or new year's day, which they hold in all seventy. What an expensive service! How on the vernal equinox. The first day of the year is should we magnify God for being delivered from it! generally a time of festivity in all civilized nations. Yet these were all the taxes they had to pay. At the On this day the Israelites offered one young bullock, public charge there were annually offered to God, inone ram, seven lambs, and a kid, for a sin-offering, be- dependently of trespass-offerings and voluntary vows, sides minchahs or meat-offerings.

fifteen goats, twenty-one kids, seventy-two rams, one

- Ezra iii. 4.

B. C. cir. 1451.

cir. 40.

cir. 40.

The offerings for the eight days CHAP. XXIX.

of the feast of tabernacles. A. M. cir. 2553. deals to each ram of the two 28 And one goat for a sin- A. M. cir. 2553. An. Exod. Isr. rams,

offering ; beside the continual An. Exod. Isr. 15 And à several tenth deal to burnt-offering, and his meat-offereach lamb of the fourteen lambs :

ing, and his drink-offering. -16 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offer- 29 And on the sixth day eight bullocks, two ing; beside the continual burnt-offering, his rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year meat-offering, and his drink-offering.

without blemish : 17 And on the second day ye shall offer 30 And their meat-offering and their drinktwelve young bullocks, two rams, fourteen offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for lambs of the first year without spot: the lambs, shall be according to their number,

18 And their meat-offering and their drink- after the manner : offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and 31 And one goat for a sin-offering ; beside for the lambs, shall be according to their num- the continual-burnt-offering, his meat-offering, ber, ' after the manner :

and his drink-offering. 19 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offer-| 32 And on the seventh day seven bullocks, ing; beside the continual burnt-offering, and the two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year meat-offering thereof, and their drink-offerings. without blemish:

20 And on the third day, eleven bullocks, 33 And their meat-offering and their drinktwo rams, fourteen lambs. of the first year offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for without blemish;

the lambs, shall be according to their number, 21 And their meat-offering and their drink- after the manner : offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and 34 And one goat for a sin-offering ; beside for the lambs, shall be according to their the continual burnt-offering, his meat-offering, number, m after the manner :

and his drink-offering. . 22 And one goat for a sin-offering ;- beside 35 On the cighth day ye shall have a " solemn the continual burnt-offering, and his meat- assembly : ye shall do no servile work therein: offering, and his drink-offering:

36. But ye shall offer a burnt-offering, a sac23 And on the fourth day ten bullocks, two rifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year LORD: one bullock, one ram, seven lambs of without blemish :

the first year without blemish : 24 Their meat-offering and their drink-offer- 37 Their meat-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the ings for the bullock, for the ram, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, lambs, shall be according to their number, after after the manner :

the manner : 25 And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering; 38 And one goat for a sin-offering, beside beside the continual burnt-offering, his meat- the continual 'burnt-offering, and his meatoffering, and his drink-offering.

offering, and his drink-offering. 26 And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two 39 These things ye shall • do unto the LORD rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year in your p set feasts, beside your 4 vows, and without spot ::

your freewill-offerings, for your burnt-offer27 And their mcat-offering and their drink- ings, and for your meat-offerings, and for your offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for drink-offerings, and for your peace-offerings. the lambs, shall be according to their number, 40 And Moses told the children of Israel acafter the manner :

cording to all that the LORD commanded Moses. Ver. 3, 4, 9, 10; chap. xv. 12; xxviii. 7, 14. um Ver. 18, 31; 2 Chron. xxxi. 3; Ezra ini. 5; Neh. x. 33 ; Isa. i. .14.

Or, offer. - - Lev. xxiii. 2; 1 Chron.xxiii. 1 Lev. vii. 11,16 ; xxii. 21, 23. hundred and thirty-two bullocks, and eleven hundred Jerusalem at their annual festivals ; the priests, numand one lambs! But how little is all this when com- bering the people by the lambs that had been slain, pared with the lambs slain every year at the passover, said, "twenty-five myriads, five thousand and six hunwhich amounted in one year to the immense number dred.”—For an account of the feast of tabernacles, of 255,600 slain in the temple itself, which was the see on Lev. xxiii. 34. answer that Cestius, the Roman general, received when Verse 35. On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn be asked the priests how many persons had come to l assembly] This among the Jews was esteemed the

Lev. xxiii. 36.

Of vows, and in what cases

NUMBERS.

they may be annulled. chief or high day of the feast, though fewer sacrifices | letter to the spirit of the law, proposing himself were offered on it than on the others; the people scem as the sole fountain whence they could derive the to have finished the solemnity with a greater measure streams of salvation, John vii. 37. On the subject of spiritual devotion, and it was on this day of the feast of this chapter see the notes on Lev. xii., xvi., that our blessed Lord called the Jews from the 1 and xxiii.

CHAPTER XXX.

cir. 40.

cir. 40

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The law concerning vows of men, 1, 2. Of women under age, and in what cases the father may ennal

them, 3–5. The vows of a wife, and in what cases the husband may annul them; 6-8.' The vows of a widow, or divorced woman, in what cases they may be considered either as confirmed or annulled, 9-15.

Recapitulation of these ordinances, 16. A. M. cir. 2553. ANI

ND Moses spake unto the fshe vowed, or uttered aught out A. M. cir. 2553. B, C. cir. 1451. An. Exod. Isr. heads of the tribes concern- of her lips, wherewith she bound An. Exod. Isr.

ing the children of Israel, saying, her sout ; This is the thing which the Lord hath com- 7 And her husband heard it, and held his manded.

peace at her in the day that he heard it: then 2 b If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or her vows shall stand, and her bonds wherewith swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; she bound her soul shall stand. he shall not a break his word, he shall · do ac- 8 But if her husband & disallowed her on the cording to all that proceedeth out of his mouth. day that he heard it ; then he shall make her

3 If a woman also vow a vow unto the LORD, vow which she vowed, and that which she and bind herself by a bond, being in her uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her father's house in her youth;

soul, of none effect : and the LORD shall for4 And her father hear her vow, and her bond give her. wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her 9 But every vow of a widow, and of her father shall hold his peace at her: then all her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith their souls, shall stand against her. she hath bound her soul shall stand.

10 And if she vowed in her husband's house, 5 But if her father disallow her in the day or bound her soul by a bond with an oath; that he heareth ; not any of her vows, or of 11 And her husband heard it, and held his her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, peace at her, and disallowed her not : then all shall stand : and the LORD shall forgive her, her vows shall stand, and every bond wherebecause her father disallowed her.

with she bound her soul shall stand. 6 And if she had at all a husband, when 12 But if her husband hath utterly made them

2 Chapter i. 4, 16 ; vii. 2. bLev. xxvii. 2; Deut. xxii. 21; • Job xxii. 27; Psa. xxii. 25 ; l. 14; Ixvi. 13, 14; cxvi. 14, Judg. xi. 30, 35; Eccles. v. 4.- Lev. v. 4; Matt. xiv. 9; 18; Nah, i. 15. - Heb. her vows were upon her ; Psa. Ivi. 12. Acts xxiii. 14. d Heb. profane; Psa. Iv. 20.

& Gen. iii. 16.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXX.

of a young man. Young persons of this age were Verse 2. If a man vow a vow] A vow is a religious considered to be under the authority of their parents, promise made to God. Vows were of several kinds : and had consequently no power to vow away the pro1. Of abstinence or humiliation, see ver. 13 ; 2. Of perty of another. A married woman was in the same the Nazarite, see chap. vi. ; 3. Of giving certain circumstances, because she was under the authority of things or sacrifices to the Lord, Lev, vü. 16; 4. Of her husband. If however the parents or the husband alms given to the poor, see Deut. xxiii. 21. The law heard of the vow, and objected to it in the same day in this chapter must have been very useful, as it both in which they heard of it, (ver. 5,) then the vow prevented and annulled rash vows, and provided a pro- was annulled ; or, if having heard of it, they held per sanction for the support and performance of those their peace, this was considered a ratification of that were rationally and piously made. Besides, this the vow. law must have acted as a great preventive of lying A rash vow was never to be kept ; “ for," says and hypocrisy. If a vow was properly made, a man Philo, and common sense and justice say the same, or woman was bound, under penalty of the displeasure " he who commits an unjust action because of his vow of God, to fulfil it.

adds one crime to another, 1. By making an unlawful Verse 3. In her youth] That is, say the rabbins, vow; 2. By doing an unlawful action." under twelve years of age ; and under thirteen in case Verse 12. Concerning the bond of her soul] Her The Israelites are commanded

CHAP. XXXI.

to make war on the Midianites.

B. C. cir. 1451.

cir. 40.

cir. 40.

A. M. cir. 2553. void on the day he heard them ; fblisheth all her vows, or all her A. M. cir. 2553. An. Exod. Isr. then whatsoever proceeded out bonds, which are upon her : he

An. Exod. Isr. of her lips concerning her vows, confirmeth them, because he held or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not his peace at her in the day that he heard them. stand : her husband hath made them void; and 15 But if he shall any ways make them void the LORD shall forgive her.

after that he hath heard them; then he shall 13 Every vow, and every binding oath to bear her iniquity. afilict the soul, her husband may establish it, 16 These are the statutes, which the Lord or her husband may make it void.

commanded Moses, between a man and his 14 But if her husband altogether hold his wife, between the father and his daughter, peace at her from day to day; then he esta- being yet in her youth in her father's house.

life is at stake if she fulfil not the obligation under he may lay upon his own conscience. If God's word which she has laid herself,

lack weight with him, his own will prove lighter than Verse 16. These are the statutes] It is very proba- vanity. Every man who professes the Christian relible that this law, like that concerning the succession gion is under the most solemn obligation to devote of daughters, (chap. xxvii.,) rose from the exigency of body, soul, and spirit to God, not only to the utmost some particular case that had just then occurred. extent of his powers, but also as long as he exists.

Making vows, in almost any case, is a dangerous Being baptized, and receiving the sacrament of the business ; they seldom do any good, and often much Lord's Supper, are additional ratifications of the great, evil. He who does not feel himself bound to do what general, Christian vow; but every true follower of is fit, right, and just, from the standing testimony of Christ should always remember, and frequently renew, God's word, is not likely to do it from any obligation I his covenant with God,

CHAPTER XXXI. The command of the Lord to make war on the Midianites, 1, 2. One thousand men are chosen out of each

of the twelve tribes, and sent with Phinehas against the Midianiles, 3-6. They slay all the males, 7; their five kings and Balaam, 8. They take all the women captives, with the flocks and goods, 9; burn their cities, and bring away the spoil, 10, 11. They bring the captives, fc., to Moses, who is wroth with the officers for sparing the women, who had formerly been the cause of their transgression and punishment, 12-16. He commands all the male children and all the grown up females to be slain, 17, 18, How the soldiers were to purify themselves, 19, 20; and the different articles Laken in war, 21–24. They are commanded to take the sum of the prey, to divide it into two parts ;- one for the 12,000 warriors, and the other for the rest of the congregation, 25–27. One of 500, both of persons and cattle, of the share of the warriors, to be given to the Lord, 28, 29 ; and one part of fifty, of the people's share, to be given to the Levites, 30. The sum of the prey remaining after the above division; sheep 675,000, beeves 72,000, asses 61,000, young women 32,00, ver. 31–35. How the soldiers' part was divided, 36-40. How the part belonging to the congregation was divided, 41-47. The officers report that they had not lost a man in this war, 48, 49. They bring a voluntary oblation to God, of gold and ornaments, 50, 51; the amount of which was 16,750 shekels, 52, 53. Moses and Eleazar bring the gold into the tabernacle for a memorial, 54. A. M. 2553.

A. M. 2553. AND the Lord spake unto of the Midianites : afterward shalt -B. O. 1451. An. Exod. Isr. Moses, saying,

thou be gathered unto thy people. An. Exod. Isr. 40.

2 • Avenge the children of Israel 3 And Moses spake unto the
a Chap. xxv. 17.

• Chap. xxvii. 13.
NOTES ON CHAP. XXXI.

ther dead to men or not. Moses therefore was to be Verse 2. Gathered unto thy people.) When? Not gathered to his people---to enter into that republic of in the grave surely. Moses was gathered with none Israel which, having died in the faith, fear, and love of them, his burial-place no man ever knew. “But of God, were now living in a state of conscious blessbeing gathered unto one's people means dying.” It edness beyond the confines of the grave.

See the does imply dying, but it does not mean this only. The note on Gen. xxv. 8, and xlix. 33. truth is, God considers all those who are dead to men Verse 3. Avenge the Lord of Midian.] It was God's in a state of conscious existence in another world. I quarrel, not their own, that they were now to take up. Therefore he calls himself the God of Abraham, and These people were idolaters; idolatry is an offence of Isaac, and of Jacob; now God is not the God of the against GOD; the civil power has no authority to dead, but of the living; because all Live to him, whe- meddle with what belongs to Him, without especial

B. C. 1451.

40.

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