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B. C. 1490.

B. C. 1490.

The princes of the twelve tribes CHAP. VII.

make their offerings to God. A. M. 2514. Zuar, prince of Issachar, did 30 On the fourth day · Elizur,

A. M. 2514. An. Exod. Isr. 2. offer:

the son of Shedeur, prince of the An. Exod. Isr. 2. Ijar or Zif. 19 He offered for his offering children of Reuben, did offer :

Ijar or Zif. one silver charger, the weight whereof was a 31 His offering was one silver charger of the hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of weight of a hundred and thirty shekels, one seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanc- silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the tuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full with oil for a meat-offering :

of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat20 One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of offering : incense :

32 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full 21 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb incense : of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

33 One young . bullock, one ram, one lamb 22 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

23 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, 34 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs 35 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, of the first year: this was the offering of Ne- two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs thaneel the son of Zuar,

of the first year: this was the offering of 24 On the third day · Eliab, the son of Helon, Elizur the son of Shedeur. prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer: 36 On the fifth day Shelumiel, the son of

25 His offering was one silver charger, the Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, weight whereof was a hundred and thirty did offer: shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, 37 His offering was one silver charger, the after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of weight whereof was a hundred and thirty them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, meat-offering :

after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of 26 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a incense :

meat-offering : 27 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb 38 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

incense :

39 29 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, of the first year, for a burnt-offering : two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs 40 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering ? of the first year : this was the offering of 41 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, Eliab the son of Helon.

two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs • Lev. vii. 11-18; 1 Kings viii. 63. - Chap. i. 9 ; ii. 7.

- Chap. i. 16; ii. 12. It is worthy of remark that the different tribes are for its support, so each should testify an equal sense represented here as bringing their offerings precisely of obligation. Besides, the vessels were all sacrificial in the same order in which they encamped about the vessels, and the animals were all clean animals, such tabernacle, See chap. ii. and chap. x.

as were proper for sacrifices; and therefore every 1. JUDAH the chief Nahshon, ver. 12.

thing was intended to point out that the people were 2. ISSACHAR

Nethaneel, · 18.

to be a holy people, fully dedicated to God, and that

Eliab, 3. ZEBULUN

God was to dwell among them; hence there were 24.

A

fine flour and oil, for a meat-offering, ver. 13. 4. REUBEN

Elizur, 30.

Shelumiel, 5. SIMEON

36.

bullock, a ram, and a lamb, for a burnt-offering, ver.

15, 16.

Eliasaph, 6. GAD

Five oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five

42. 7. EPHRAIM

Elishama, 48.

lambs, for a peace-offering, ver. 17. Thus, as the 8. MANASSEH

Gamaliel, 54.

priests, altar, &c., were anointed, and the tabernacle

Abidan, 9. BENJAMIN

dedicated, so the people, by this offering, became con60.

secrated to God.

Ahiezer, 10. DAN

Therefore every act here was a

66. 11. ASHER

Pagiel, 72.

religious act.

Thus,” says 12. NAPATALI Ahira,

Mr. Ainsworth, “by sacrifices of all 78.

sorts, figuring the death of Christ, and the benefits It is worthy of remark also, that every tribe offers that were to be received thereby, they reconciled and the same kind of offering, and in the same quantity, to made themselves and theirs acceptable to God, and show, that as every tribe was equally indebted to God I were made partakers of his grace, to remission of sins,

u Chap

5; ii. 10.

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East. South. West. North.

A. M. 2514.

B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2.

The princes of the twelve tribes NUMBERS.

make their offerings to God. A. M. 2514.

of the first year : this was the fine flour mingled with oil for a B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. offering of Shelumiel the son of meat-offering: Ijar or Zif. Zurishaddai. 56 One golden spoon of ten

Ijar or Zif. 42 On the sixth day Eliasaph, the son shekels, full of incense :: of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, 57 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb offered :

of the first year, for a burnt-offering: 43 His offering was one silver charger of the 58 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : weight of a hundred and thirty shekels, a silver 59 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, two bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour the first year: this was the offering of Gamamingled with oil for a meal-offering : liel the son of Pedahzur.

44. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of 60 On the ninth day 2 Abidan, the son of incense :

Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, 45 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb offered : of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

61 His offering was one silver charger, the 46 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering: weight whereof was a hundred and thirty 47 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of the first year: this was the offering of of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat-offering: Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

62 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of 48 On the seventh day Elishama, the incense : son of Ammihud, prince of the children of 63 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb Ephraim, offered :

of the first year, for a burnt-offering : 49 His offering was one silver charger, the 64 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering: weight whereof was a hundred and thirty 65 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, shekels, one silver bowl of seventy. shekels, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of of the first year: this was the offering of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a Abidan the son of Gideoni. meat-offering :

66 On the tenth day a Ahiezer the son of 50 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan,' incense :

offered : 51 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb 67 His offering was one silver charger, the of the first year, for a burnt-offering : weight whereof was a hundred and thirty -52 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after

53 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat-offering: of the first year: this was the offering of 68 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of Elishama the son of Ammihud.

incense : 54 On the eighth day offered y Gamaliel, 69 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of the first year, for a burnt-offering: of Manasseh :

70 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : 55 His offering was one silver charger of 71 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, the weight of a hundred and thirty shekels, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the of the first year: this was the offering of shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. w Chap. i. 14 ; ii. 14.- - Chap. i. 10; ii. 18. :- Chap. i. 10 ; ii. 20. Chap. i. 11 ; ii. 22.—a Chap. i. 12; ii. 25. and sanctification through faith, and in the work of the they suppose to have been a Sabbath, as well as on Holy Ghost, in the communion and feeling whereof the other days. But 1. There is no absolute proof they rojoiced before God.”

that this seventh day of offering was a Sabbath. 2. Verse 48. On the seventh day] Both Jewish and Were it even so, could the people be better employed Christian writers have been surprised that this work than in thus consecrating themselves and their serof offering went forward on the seventh day, which | vices to the Lord? We have already seen that every

B. C. 1490.

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The sum of the offerings

CHAP. VII.

of the twelve tribes A. M. 2514. 72 On the eleventh day b Pa- of the first year: this was the A, M. 2514.

B. An. Exod. Ist. 2. giel the son of Ocran, prince of offering of Ahira the son of An. Exod. Isr: 2. Ijar or Zif. the children of Asher, offered : Enan.

Ijar or Zif. 73 His offering was one silver charger, the 84 This was the dedication of the altar, in weight whereof was a hundred and thirty the day when it was anointed, by the princes shekels, one silver, bowl of seventy shekels, after of Israel: twelve chargers of silver, twelve the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold : of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat-offering: 85 Each charger of silver weighing a hun

74 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of dred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy: all incense :

the silver vessels weighed two thousand and 75 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

sanctuary : 76 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : 86. The golden spoons were twelve, full of

77 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs shekel of the sanctuary: all the gold of the of the first year: this was the offering of spoons was a hundred and twenty shekels. Pagiel the son of Ocran.

87 All the oxen for the burnt-offering were -78 On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, twelve bullocks, the rams twelve, the lambs of prince of the children of Naphtali, offered: the first year twelve, with their meat-offering:

79 His offering was one silver charger, the and the kids of the goats for sin-offering twelve. weight whereof was a hundred and thirty 88 -And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after peace-offerings were twenty and four bullocks, the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full the rams sixty, the he-goats sixty, the lambs of of fine flour mingled with oil fora meat-offering; the first year sixty. This was the dedication

80 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of of the altar, after that it was d anointed. incense:

89 And when Moses was gone into the 81 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb tabernacle of the congregation to speak with of the first year, for a burnt-offering :

him, then he heard 8 the voice of one speak82 One kid of the goats for a sin-offering : ing unto him from off the mercy-seat, that was

83 And for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, upon the ark of testimony, from 5 between the two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs two cherubims : and he spake unto him. Chap. i. 18; ii. 27. Chap. i. 15; ii. 29.- d Ver. 1, 10–84. That is, God

h Exod. xxv, 18-21 Chap. xii: 8; Exod. xxxiii. 9, 11, act was a religious act; and we may rest assured that had provided, consequently the dedication, in which no day was too holy for the performance of such acts each had his day, must have lasted twelve days : - the as are recorded here.

words therefore, in this text, refer to the last day or Verse 72. On the eleventh day) The Hebrew form twelfth, in whieh this dedication was completed. of expression, here and in the 78th verse, has some- Verse 88. After that it was anointed.] By the thing curious in it. 01 V nov ap3 beyom ashtey anointing the altar was consecrated to God; by this asar yom, In the day, the first and tenth day ; 019dedication' it was solemnly appointed to that service DI' D'ju beyom sheneym aşar yom, In the day, for which it had been erected. two and lènth day. But this is the idiom of the lan- Verse 89. To speak with him) To confer with guage, and to an original Hebrew our almost anoma- God, and to receive farther discoveries of his will. lous words eleventh and twelfth, by which we translate He heard the voice of one speaking unto him] the original, would appear as strange as lis, literally Though Moses saw no similitude, but only heard à voice, translated, would appear to us. In reckoning after yet he had the fullest proof of the presence as well as twelve, it is easy to find ont the composition of the of the being of the Almighty. In this way God chose words thirteen, as three and ten, fourteen, four and to manifest himself during that dispensation, till the ten, and so on; but eleven and twelve bear scarcely any fulness of the time came, in which the WORD' was made analogy to ten and one, and ten and two, which never- flesh, and dweLT AMONG vs. No man hath seen God theless they intend. But this is a subject of. philology at any time; the only-begotten Son, who is in the rather than of Biblical criticism.

bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. Verse 84. This was the dedication of the allar, in The merċy-seat] See the note on Exod, xxv. 17. the day, $c.) Meaning here the time in which it As God gave oracular answers from this place, and was dedicated; for as each tribe had a whole day for spoke to Moses as it were face to face, hence the place its representative or prince to present the offerings it was called the ORACLE, 937 debir, or speaking place, VOL. J. ( 42 )

641

-5 Exod. xxy. 22.

1 Sam. iv. 4.

e

12

Directions concerning the

NUMBERS.

lamps and candlestick from 127 dabar, he spoke, 1 Kings vi. 23. And as Which, at £4 per ounce, is equal to £278 14s. 210 this mercy-seat represented our blessed Redeemer, so And added to the amount of the silver, £348 7s. 9d. the apostle says that God, who had al sundry times, make a total of

£627. 1s.11d. and in divers manners, SPOKEN in time past to the fa

Besides the above there were thers by the prophets, hath, in these last days, SPOKEN unto us by his Son, Heb. i. 1, 2. Hence the incar

Bullocks 12 nated Christ is the true 727 debir or oracle, in and by Rams.

12 whom God speaks unto man.

Lambs
Goats

24 On this occasion we find there were offered

Rams

60 12 silver chargers each weighing 130 shekels..

He-goats

60 12 silver bowls, each

70 shekels.

Lambs

60 Total amount of silver vessels 2,400 shekels. 12 golden spoons, each weighing 10 shekels.

Total 240 clean beasts for sacrifice. Total amount of golden vessels 120 shekels. A silver charger at 130 shekels, re- oz. dwts. gr. By which we may at once see that though the

duced to troy weight, makes 75. 9 163 place in which they now sojourned was a wilderness, A silver bowl, at 70 shekels, amounts to 40 12 21ši as to cities, villages, and regular inhabitants, yet there

Total weight of the 12 chargers 905 16 331 was plenty of pasturage, else the Israelites could not Total weight of the 12 bowls 487 14 20,1 have furnished these cattle, with all the sacrifices ne

cessary for different occasions, and especially for the Total 1393 10 2331 passover, which was celebrated during their sojouraWhich, at 5s. per oz., is equal to £348 7s. 9d. Jing in the desert, and which itself must have required

oz. dwts. gr. an immense number of lambs, (see chap. ix.,) when The 12 golden spoons, allowing each to be 5 16 3j1 each family of the 600,000 males was obliged to pro

69 13 13 vide one for itself.

amount to

CHAPTER VIII.

Directions how the lamps are to be lighted, 1-3. How the candlestick was formed, 4.* The Leviles to be

consecrated to their service by being cleansed, sprinkled, shaved, purified, and their clothes washed, 5–7. To offer a meat-offering and a sin-offering, 8. The people to put their hands upon them, 9, 10. Aaron is to offer them before the Lord, 11. The Levites to lay their hands on the heads of the bullocks, fc., 12. The Levites are taken to assist Aaron and his sons in the place of all the first-born of Israel, 13-19. Moses and Aaron do as they were commanded, the Levites are presented, purified, and commence their setvice, 20-22. They are to begin their service at twenty-five years of age, and leave off at fifty, 23-25. Afier this they shall have the general inspection of the service, 26. A. M. 2514. AND the Lord spake unto 4 b And this work of the candle- A. M. 2514.

- B. C. 1 490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. Moses, saying,

stick was of beaten gold, unto the An. Exod. Isr

. 2. Ijar or Zif.

Ijar or Zif. 2 Speak unto Aaron, and say shaft thereof, unto the flowers unto him, When thou • lightest the lamps, the thereof, was beaten work : d according unto seven lamps shall give light over against the the pattern which the LORD had showed candlestick.

Moses, so he made the candlestick. 3 And Aaron did so ; he lighted the lamps 5 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, thereof over against the candlestick, as, the 6. Take the Levites from among the children LORD commanded Moses.

of Israel, and cleanse them.

B. C. 1490.

a Exod. xxv. 37; xl. 25. - Exod. xxv. 31."

c Exod. xxv. 18.

d Exod. xxv. 40.

NOTES ON CHAP. VIII.

forth his Spirit to dwell in it, to sanctify and cleanse Verse 2. The seven lamps shall give light] The it, that it may be shown unto the world as his own whole seven shall be lighted at one time, that seven workmanship. The seven lights in the candlesticks may be ever burning.

point out the seven Spirits of God, the Holy Ghost Verse 4. This work of the candlestick, 0c] See being thus termed, Rev. iii. 1, from the variety and many curious particulars relative to this candlestick in abundance of his gifts and influences; seven being used the notes on Exod. xxv. 31 and 39. The candlestick among the Hebrews to denote anything full, complete, itself was an emblem of the Church of Christ; the oil, and perfect. A candlestick or lamp without oil is of of the graces and gifts of the Spirit of God; and the no use ; oil not burning is of no use. So a Church light, of those gifts and graces in action among men. or society of religious people without the influence of See Rev. i. 12-20. God builds his Church and sends the Holy Ghost are dead while they have a name to 642

( 42* )

B. C. 1490.

The Levites to be consecrated

CHAP. VIII.

in place of the first-born A. M. 2314. 7 And thus shalt thou do unto burnt-offering, into the LORD, A. M. 2514.

B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle to make an atonement for the An. Exod. Isr. 2. Ijar or Zif. water of purifying upon them, Levites.

Ijar or Zif. and 'let 8 them shave all their flesh, and let them 13 And thou shalt set the Levites before wash their clothes, and so make themselves Aaron, and before his sons, and offer them for clean.

an offering unto the LORD. 8 Then let them take a young bullock with 14 Thus shalt thou separate the-Levites from h his meat-offering, even fine flour mingled with among the children of Israel, and the Levites oil, and another young bullock shalt thou take shall be a mine. for a sin-offering.

15 And after that shall the Levites go in to 9 i And thou shalt bring the Levites before do the service of the tabernacle of the conthe tabernacle of the congregation : k and thou gregation : and thou shalt cleanse them, and shalt gather the whole assembly of the children offer them for an offering. of Israel together :

16 For they are wholly given unto me from 10 And thou shalt bring the Levites before the among the children of Israel ; * instead of such LORD: and the children of Israel 1 shall put as open every womb, eyen instead of the firsttheir hands upon the Levites :

born of all the children of Israel, have I taken 11 And Aaron shall moffer the Levites before them unto me. the LORD for an offering of the children of 17 For all the first-born of the children of Israel, that they may execute the service of Israel are mine, both man and beast : on the the LORD:

day that I smote. every first-born in the land 12 P And the Levites shall lay their hands upon of Egypt. I sanctified them for myself. the heads of the bullocks : and thou shalt offer 18 And I have taken the Levites for all the the one for a sin-offering, and the other for a first-born of the children of Israel. • Chap. xix. 9, 17, 18. Heb. let them cause a razor to pass

Heb. wave-offering - -9 Heb. they may be to erecute, &c. ' - Lev. xiv. 8, 9,- Lev. ii, l. See Exod. P Exod. xxix. 10.- -9 Chrap. iii. 45, xvi. 9.-Ver. 11, 13. xxix. 4; xl 12. - Lev. vii. 3. 1 Lev. i. 4. In-Heb. Chap. ii. 12; 45.-- Exod. xiii, 2, 12, 13, 15; chap. iii. 13;

Luke i. 23. live ; and if they have a measure of this light, and do book; but that chapter might be in connection with not let it shine by purity of living and holy zeal before any of the preceding ordinances, as well as where it is men, their religion is neither useful to themselves nor now found. We see from Heb. ix. 13, 14, that these to others. Reader, it is possible to be in the Church ashes mingled with water, and sprinkled on the unof God and not be of that Church ; it is possible to clean, and which sanctified to the purification of the have a measure of the Spirit and neither profit nor be flesh, were intended to typify the blood of Christ, profited. Feel this dreadfal possibility, and pray to which purges the conscience from dead works to serve God that thou be not a proof of it.

the living God, ver. 15; for as without this sprinkling Verse 7. Sprinkle water of purifying] nxon with the water of the sin-offering the Levites were mey chatlath, water of sin, or water of the sin-offering. not fit to serve God in the wilderness, so without this As this purifying water was made by the ashes of the sprinkling of the blood of Christ no conscience can be red heifer, cedar-wood, hyssop, and scarlet ; and the purged from dead works to serve the living God. See heifer herself was sacrificed, and her blood sprinkled the notes on chap. xix. 1-10. seven times before the tabernacle, Num, xix. 3-6 ; she Verse 10. Shall put their hands upon the Levites] may be considered as a proper sacrifice for sin, and it has been argued from this that the congregation consequently the water thus prepared be termed the had a part in the appointment of their own ministers, water of the sin-offering. - As the ashes were kept and that this was done by the imposition of hands. ready at hand for purifying from all legal pollutions, However that may be, it appears that what was done the preparation might be considered as a concentration on this occasion meant no more than that the people of the essential properties of the sin-offering, and might gave up this whole tribe to God in place of their firstbe resorted to at all times with comparatively little born ; and that by this act they bound themselves to expense or trouble, and no loss of time.

As there provide for them who, because of their sacred service, were so many things by which legal pollution might could follow no secular work. And surely it was right, be contracted, it was necessary to have always at that they who served the altar should live by the altar. hand, in all their dwellings, a mode of purifying, at The ministers of God perform offices for the people once convenient and unexpensive. As the waler by which the people cannot perform for themselves; and which the Levites were here purified must have been nothing can be more reasonable than that the people the water prepared from the ashes of the red heifer, should give them the necessaries and comforts of life this ordinance was undoubtedly instituted before this while they are thus employed in their behalf. time, though not described til} chap. xix. 1-10 of thiş Verse 17. For all the first-born-are mine) See

ouer, &c.

wave.

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