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· Trypuon having usurped the throne of Syria, sent a splendid embassy, with costly gifts, to the Romans, in hopes they would acknowledge him king; but they eluded his expectations by causing the name of Antiochus to be engraven on their present, as if it came from him. Simon * likewise sent ambassadors, for the infatuation of sending to the Romans possessed his mind, as it had his brother's before him. They were honourably entertained ; great concern was expressed for the death of Jonathan, and satisfaction for the successes of Simon. The former leagues were renewed, and being written on tables of brass, were sent to Jerusalein. Those also, with the Lacedæmonians, and other nations, were confirmed to the Jews.

. All + the priests, elders, and people of the Jews, met together in a general assembly at Jerusalem, when it was agreed, by unanimous consent, to establish the high priesthood and supreme government of the nation on Simon and his descendants by a public act, in which were recited the good deeds which had been wrought by Simon and his family. A copy of this they caused to be engraved on tables of brass, and hung up in the sanctuary ; the original was deposited in the treasury of the Temple, and from that time Simon took upon him the style, state, and authority of prince, as well as highpriest. Desirous of being acknowledged as such by the Romans, Simon sent ambassadors to renew the league with them, and also a present of a golden

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shield, of the value of fifty thousand pounds of our mo. ney. Both the einbassy and present were cordially received; and the senate caused letters to be written to the different states who were then dependent on them, styling the Jews their friends, and commanding that -none should injure or molest them, nor harbour any fugitives or traitors of that nation. · Thus did the people of God-submit to be shielded by the ROMANS, as if the shield of the SALVATION of the LORD had been insufficient for them!

Simon, who had ample cause to desert Tryphon, sent ambassadors to treat for peace and alliance with Demetrius, and presented him with a golden erown as a token of submission to his government. Demetrius readily 'granted a confirmation of the priesthood to Simon, with

' & release of all taxes, tolls, and tributes; and an act of · oblivion of all past hostilities, on condition of his join

ing with him against Tryphon. All this was cordially agreed to by the Jews, Simon was declared sovereign

prince of the Jewish nation, and the land freed from · alt foreign tyranny.

Simon, finding his son John (afterwards called Hyrcanus) to be a very valiant man, made him general of all the forces in Jadea, and sent him to live in Gazara, where his presence was most necessary. · Demetrius was taken prisoner in a war with the Par. thians, and carried into Parthia, where he married the king's daughter, which so enraged his queen, that she sent to his brother Antiochus, who waş in Crete, and offered to marry him if he would join his interest with her against Tryphon. This offer he readily accepted. Before he landed, he sent a fetter to Simon, offering to confirm all the privileges which the Jews at that time enjoyed, and to honour the Temple. Simon, as a proof of his friendly disposition, sent him men, arms, and .. R 3


money, to assist him in carrying on his war ; but the perfidious king broke through all his promises, rejected his offers, and sent Athenobius, his friend, into Judea, as ambassadør, to demand Joppa, and Gazara, and the fort at Jerusalem; or, instead of them, a thousand talents of silver. These conditions were too unreasonable to be complied with; but, to preserve peace, Simon of. fered to give an hundred talents. Athenobius, ensaged at his refusal, made no reply, but hastened back to report what he had heard and seen. He told the king that Simon lived in a style of the utmost magni

ficence, and that he absolutely refused to comply with · his demands. Antiochus now considered Simon as a

rival, was jealous of his power, and resolved to hum, ble him ; and having made Cenebeus, one of his nobles, captain and governor of the sea-ports of Palestine, he sent him with one part of his army against Simon, and with the other he himself pursued Tryphon, who continued to fly from place to place, till at length he was overtaken and put to death. .in you

Cenebeus in the mean time marched into Judea, and began to kill and plunder the Jews. Simon, being informed of these hostilities, “called * for his two eldest sons, Judas and John, who with a chosen army marched to meet the adversary, and soon came in sight of the formidable host: an engagement followed, in which Cenebeus lost two thousand men, the rest fled to their ștrong holds. The two brothers, having driven the Syrians away, returned in triumph to Jerusalem...,

Antiochus Sidetes, after vanquishing Tryphon, and destroying his faction, settled all things upon the same footing as they were before these disturbances began.

Aboutt a year after the war with Antiochus, Simon making a circuit through the cities of Judah, to see that . . *1 Mace. xvi. 2, 3... + Ibid. 14.


all things were properly regulated, came to Jericho, accompanied by his two sons, Mattathias and Judas. Ptolemy, the son of Abübus, who had married one of his daughters, was governor of the place, they therefore took up their residence with him; but he was a very wicked ambitious man, and had formed a scheme to get the goverment of Judea for himself. In order to accomplish this, he made a sumptuous entertainment under the pretence of honouring his guests; but while they were rejoicing in his apparent hospitality, he caused them to be assassinated. Ptolemy made imme. diate application to the king of Syria, promising that he would; deliver, Judea into his hands, if he would furnish him with an army: he also sent to Gazara, and offered great rewards to those who would kill John, and dispatched, others to take possession of Jerusalem. John was apprised of Ptolemy's proceedings, and put those to death who attempted to destroy him: he then hastened to secure the holy City and Temple, and used eyery measure to secure the safety and peace of the people. Ptolemy finding his plot defeated, fled to Philadelphia, till such time as the army from Antiochus should arrive: what became of him afterwards is uncertain., i, per 1 ,9,11,"eques

i There were great lamentations in Judea on account of the death of Simon, who was universally beloved; for he was a man of piety, bravery, honour, and humanity, and a great benefactor to his country. A :) :)

His noble acts deservedly gained him the esteem of the people ; but the advantages he procured for them would have been more permanent if he had not put them as he did under the protection of the Romans; for having by the aid of the LORD once more recovered the land of Judah from subjection to earthly monarchs,




their strength* mums to put still, and tru6t 40 the protees tion of their heavenly King, hending their whole ate teption to the preservapion of their law, and the puaetice of moral virtues,

" !"," st:; : sie is SECTION V ien? . of jó."

oportunities in? of 4TNE, GOVARNMENT OF JOHN HYRCA NUŞé..! :'ANTIOCHUS, being informed of the death of Simon, besieged Juckea, and the inhabitants where on the point of perishing with kannine Hyreanusi veas therefore obliged to make a disadvantageous treaty; 'in a short time aftem, Antiochus and his whole army were cut l'off in one nigho by the Parthians, whobe country they invadeck Demetrius then recovered the kingdoin, but still persisting in his tyranny and vices, his subjects soon rebeled; Alexander Zabina, pretending to be the son of Alexander Balas, laid claim to the crown, and defeated bim, on which Demetrius fled to Ptolemais, where his wite Cleopatra then resided; but she ordered the gates to be shut against himi, and he fell into the hands of his enemies, who first made him prisoner, and then put kim to death. Zabina by this means ascended the throne, and reigned over one part of the kingdom, while Cleopatragoverned the rest; but shortly after, Seleucus, who was the eldest son of Demetrius, by this queen, resümned the kingdom, and was slain by the Cruel hands of his own mother, after he had reigned one year. Antiochnas Grypus, his brother, a very young prince was then placed on the thronehe, with the assistance of Puokelqy Playscony king'os Égypt, vante? quished Zatsina, who shut himself-up in Antioch: but the inhabitants being informed that he intended to steal a heathen idol for the sake of the gold, drove him away, anret, after wandering from place toʻplace, he was

. * Isai. xxx. 7.

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