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tual sin committed by ns after bap- said, was not ditected against that tism, if we truly repert and convert work alone, but against all who had anfeignedly again. The testimony advocated the principles which it of the Auysburg Confession is not contains. The Christian Observer less express. We have, on a former" quarreled with the ordinary occasion, extracted a passage from statements of miscalled Protestante the XXth Article, De Fide, which isin, because he believed them to be says, “ Quanquam igitur contritio equally and intentionally directed aliqua seu penitentia necessaria est, against the gemtine cause of good &c.” and “ Evangelium prædicat works and scriptural holiness." P. pænitentiam nec existere fides potest 192. And in the management of risi in his qui penitentiam agunt,” this quarrel he had recourse to quo. Many other expressions of the same tations of which we have shown the sentiment may be adduced. Art. inaccuracy, and to arguments of XI. “ De Pænitentiâ docent, quod which he may now be able to esti lapsis post baptismum contingere mate the strength. In spite of liis possit Remissio Peccatorum, quo- bold assertions, and cautious' concunque tempore, cum convertuntur. frontings, and dextrous misapplicaEt quod Ecclesia-talibus, redeunti- tions of the authorities to which he bus ad Pænitrntiam, impertire ali refers, we have shewn that those solotionem debeat." With what parts of the Erudition which, achorror must the adversaries of the cording to the Calvinistic phraseoNecessary Erudition, find Luther and logy, he denominates Popish, are Melanchthon thus offering absolut- not essentially different from the tion to those who return to penance. Articles and Homilies of our own They insist indeed upon the penance Chureh, and that both are stubwith the most Popish ignorance and bornly irreconcileable with the anobstinacy. “ Cæterum de hac obe tient or the modern divinity of Gêm dientiâ etiam docemus, eos qui ad- neva. We are not so presumptuous mittunt peccata mortalia non esse as to hope that we shall convince or justos, quia Deus requirit hand silence the polemic whom we have obedientiam ut resistamus vitiosis ventured to encounter; but if we affectibus. Qui' autem non repug. persuade him to assert with less nant, sed obtemperant eis' contra confidence, and to quote with more mandatum Dei, et admittunt' ac- precision, and not to impeach the tiones contra conscientiam, hi sunt motives of every one with whom hë injusti, et neque' spiritum sanctum may happen to disagree, we shall neque fidem, id est fiduciam mise- have contributed in no slight degree ricordiæ retinent: Nam in his qui to the improvement of his journal, delectantur peccatis nec ugunt and shall indirectly benefit that por pænitentiam ne potest quidem fidu. tion of the Church and the comma cia existere quæ quærat remissionem nity, who put an implicit confidence peccatorum." Todd, p. 161. The in his learning, integrity, and cansame page also informs us, “ in dour. And if in the course of this Evangelio promitti Spiritum Sanc. enquiry, we have been occasionally tum, qui animos eorum qui agunt provoked by the strange scenes Pænitentiam et Evangelio assenti- which have presented themselves, untur, adjuvet et gubernet.” to express an honest' opinion in

We have thus completed our de terms which are plain, rather than fence of the Necessary Erudition, courteous, we here distinctly pledge or rather, of those parts of it which ourselves to apologize for them, were printed by Mr. Todd; la un- and retract them, in the most une dertaking that defence we have also quivocal and ample manner, if the sindicated ourselves ;, for the criti. Christian Observer will shew, either cism, of whielt so much-has-been publicly or privately, that he has

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not misquoted Collier, garbled Upon this statement we must offer Hooker, misrepresented Barrow, and a few short remarks, and we will falsely accused Mr. Todd of declar- do it openly in this place, with ing that he preferred the Necessary names and references at full length. Erudition to the Homilies.

The Answer to Correspondents says, But as it is impossible that this we charged the Observer with inchallenge should be accepted, and serting the letter, &c. knowing it we therefore must consider ourselves not to belong to the Society to as taking a final leave of a work which it was ascribed. In the first which has occupied more attention place we made no such charge, but than it deserves, we shall here sub- told a simple fact, from which such join the answer that has been given a charge might certainly be inferred. to the statement in our 23d Number, In the next place, the inference p. 656, respecting a letter which would not have been

very

incorrect, appeared originally in the Christian for the writer admits that he ascribed Remembrancer, and was subse- it to his favourite Society, not knowquently registered by the Christian ing, but taking it for granted, that Observer among the correspondence it might come, or ought to come of the Church Missionary Society. from that quarter. He must thereThe following note upon the subject fore be acquitted of stealing a purse; appears among the answers to Cor- but having found a trinket upon the respondents, Christian Observer, p. high road, he puts it in his pocket, 784. “ We are obliged to a cor and asks no questions. We beg respondent for pointing out to us a leave, in the most courteous terms charge contained in a contemporary that we can select, to declare ourpublication, of our baving copied selves perfectly satisfied with this from their work a Letter from a Cler- explanation; and we thank the Obgyman in India, which we inserted in server for having called our attenour Number for August, (p. 561) un- tion to the proceedings of the Misder the head of Church Missionary sionary Register, wbich has been Society, knowing it not to have been kind enough to give additional circuwritten by a friend or correspondent lation to our correspondent's welof'that society. The simple fact is, come tidings, and liberal enough to that we had never seen the letter, conceal the name of the Prelate and except in the Missionary Register of the Society under whose auspices for July, (p. 283) where it appears the good work of native education under the general heading – India is making so much progress at Calwithin the Ganges :' the testimony cutta. At the same time we must of a Clergyman to the rapid advance beg leave to maintain that our forof the natives will be read with great mer opinion, however erroneous, pleasure : 'Great things,' he writes, and however unpolite, was not * are going on, &c.' And there being merely plausible, but was such as no statement of its having appeared the most unsuspicious man might be in any other quarter, we took it for excused for entertaining, if he hapgranted that it was copied from the pened to be acquainted with the folcorrespondence of some friend of the lowing circumstance. The letter in Church Missionary Society. The question formed part of our review charge of an intentional mis-state of Bishop Middleton's Sermon at ment of this kind, is as little plau- Prince of Wales's Island. And the sible as courteous ; for even if we very same Number of the Christian were dishonest enough wiltully to Observer in which the letter was reattribute to ope society the merit printed, is also furnished with some that belongs to another, we should extracts from that excellent dishardly be so silly as to do it at the course. Now, as that discourse has certain risk of prompt detection." never been offered for sale in Eng

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land, and every extract in the Ob- hearts, that they, if they behold it server is to be found in the Remem- as they ought to do, be transformed brancer, it appeared probable that to his image, be made partakers of the former had made a reprint from the heavenly light, and of his Holy the latter; and not the slightest ob- Spirit, and be fashioned to him in all jection could be taken to such a goodness requisite to the children proceeding. A letter then, and an of God : so, if they after do neglect extract from a sermon, both ap- the same, if they be unthankful unto peared in the same page of the Re- him, if they order not their lives acmembrancer in June, (p. 370, 3711 cording to his example and doctrine, and in August they re-appeared al- and to the setting forth of his glory, most in the same page of the Ob- he will take away from them his server, (p. 558. 561.) That this kingdom, his holy word, whereby should liave occurred without the he should reign in them, because conductors of the latter publication they bring not forth the fruit there. entertaining any suspicion of the of that be looketh for.” Hom. On circumstance, is as remarkable an Declining from God. instance of the power of chance, “ He saith" (of the vine that as we have ever yet seen upon re

bears no fruit) “ he will vot cut it, cord. Assuredly it was enough to he will not delve it, and he will excite and to justify a suspicion, command the clouds that they shall (and the charge never extended be- not rain upon it; whereby is signiyond a suspicion) in one whose re- fied the teaching of his holy word, collection was fresh from the pe- which St. Paul, after the like inanrusal of Todd's Introduction, and ner, expressed by planting and waCollier's History, and whose asto- tering, meaning that he will take nishment at the misrepresentations that away from them, so that they of which they were the subjects, shall be no longer of his kingdom, had not yet had time to subside. they shall be no longer governed by

The disagreeable dispute which his Holy Spirit, they shall be put has been forced upon us, being thus from the grace and benefits that brought to an end, we conclude our they had, and ever might have enremarks upon the anticalvinistic ten- joyed through Christ, they shall be dency of the Homilies, by the fol- deprived of the heavenly light and lowing short, but important pas- life which they had in Christ, whilst sages upon the subject of final per. tbey abode in him; they shall be, severance. « The thief that was as they were once, as inen without hanged when Christ suffered did be- God in this world, or rather in lieve only, and the most merciful worse taking. And to be short, God justified him. And because no they shall be given into the power man shall say again that he lacked of the devil, which beareth the rule time to do good works, for else he in all them that be cast away from would have done them', true it is, God, as he did in Saul and Judas, and I will not Tontend therein : but and generally in all such as work this I will surely affirm, that faith after their own wills; the children only saved him. If he had lived, of mistrust and unbelief. Let us and not regarded faith and the works beware, therefore, good Christian thereof, he should have lost his people, lest that we rejecting or salvation again.” Hom. On Good casting away God's word, by the Works, p.1.

which we obtain and retain true faith “ For whereas God has shewed in God, be not at length cast off so to all them that truly believe his far, that we become as the children Gospel, his face of mercy in Jesus of unbelief.” Hom. On Declining Cbrist, which doth so lighten their from God. REMEMBRANCER, No. 25.

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BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS. ings of the most valuable articles, (Continued.)

and often burn property to some

thousand dollars amount. Their **" Thon shalt not let any of thy seed manner is on the adoration day to pass through the fire to Moloch.” Levit. assemble round the eternal fire, as Ivii21. . But he walked in the way of the they call it, light a calumet, and

Then certain kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to present it to the sun. pass through the fire according to the abo. persons called children of the sun, mination of the heathen whom the Lord cast the sacrifice into the fire, and cast out from before the children of Is. while it consumes, the warriors and rael.” 2 Kings xvi. 3. and 2 Kings xxi. 6. young men, women, and children,

"*“ And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and around.” Ashe, Vol. III. p. 202.

in separate circles dance and sing used divinations and encbantments.” 2

“ The Indians have a feast of Kings xvii, 17.

“We went through fire and through fire, during which, the zealous de. water.” Psalm lxvi. 12.

votees among them walk on that “ He shall baptize you with the Holy element. On the last or eighteenth Ghost, and with fire.” Matt. iii. 12. day, they assemble to the sound of

“ In some ancient Mexican hie. instruments, their heads crowned Toglyphical paintings we trace the with flowers, and their bodies beceremonies practised on the birth of smeared with saffron, and follow a child; the midwife. invoking the their idols, which are carried in gods who reside in the abodes of procession three times round a fire the blest, sprinkled water on the kindled to the honour of those forehead, and the breast of the new

deities. After tbis, the devotees acborn infant, and after pronouncing tually pass through the fire, which different prayers *, in which water is extended to about forty feet in was considered as the

symbol of the length, walking through the flames purification of the soul, the midwife slowly or quickly, according to their bade the children draw near who zeal, and often like the

superstitious had been invited to give the child a

votaries of Moloch, carrying their name. In some provinces a fire was

children in their arms." Sonnerat's lighted at the same time, and the in- Voyages, p. 153. Maurice's Indian fant was seemingly made to pass Antiquities

, Vol. V. p. 708. through the flame, and undergo the

On the lofty eminences of the double purification of fire and wa- Carns, it was a custom amongst the ter. This ceremony reminds us of Druids on May eve, to light up prousages, the origin of which in Asia digious fires, in honour of beal or appears to be lost in the darkness of bealan, the Irish and Celtie word for the remotest ages.Humboldt's the sun, and hence it arose that Researches, Vol. I. p. 183.

bealteine is still used for May day “ The Natehey Indians are na- by the Highlanders of Scotland. tions of Indians west of the Missis. Two of these fires, according to sippi, who worship the sun, and used Toland, were kindled on May day, to offer to that luminary human sa

in every village of the nation, becrifices, which they consumed in

tween which the men and beasts to fires attended by priests, whose be sacrificed were obliged to pass: office it was to renew and keep them

one of them being kindled on the up, perpetually. Human sacrifice Carn, and the other on the ground being forbidden by the United States, the Indians now make offer

• Toland's Hist, of the Draids, Vol. I.

p:71. Maurice's Indian Antiquities, Vol. Carigeso, vol. ü. p. 86. VI. p. 71.

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These fires were supposed to confer duty, as it is unquestionably the a sanctity upon those who passed interest of all, who have any regard through them, as was the intention for the welfare of their country, or in the Persian rites of Mithra when the peace of themselves, diligently the candidate for initiation was al. to enquire into the causes of so externately plunged in baths of fire, tensive an evil, and devise some and water, at once to try his resolu- means of arresting its desolating tion, and to purify him.

progress. It is the duty of the Go" In an idolatrous temple near vernment: for what permanent secuBereng, in Cashmire, the Persian rity can they expect against the historian says, at this place, the machinations of traitors and condevotees surround themselves with spirators, except from the sound fire till they are reduced to ashes, and virtuous principles of the peoimagioing they are by this act pleas- ple. If these be tainted, if 'vice ing the deity.” Ayber Akbery, Vol. has ceased to disgust, if impiety be 11. p. 158.

suffered to stalk abroad with unblushing front, if our holy religion be held up to derision, and senti

ments of direct hostility to the ordi-' To the Editor of the Remembrancer. nances of God and man be openly

avowed, where will hereafter be our SIR,

defence against the enemies of order I have long been convinced that and good government? It is the the subject so ably treated by your duty, in a most especial manner, of Oxford Correspondent in the 19th the Clergy. They have a commisNumber of your Magazine, " on sion delegated from above. The the Effects of the manufacturing souls of their flocks are in their System” is one of such vital inte- hands, and they must one day anrest to this nation, that it must swer for the use or abuse of this sooner or later imperiously demand trust. It behoves them therefore to the attention of the public. I re- exert all the means they possess in joice to find that the alarm has at endeavouring to trace this inundalength been given, and I fervently tion of wickedness to its 'source, hope that some effectual measures for until the causes which produce will be taken, ere it be too late, to it are ascertained and removed, it is check the alarming growth of immo useless to attempt to stem the torrality and vice, unhappily so preva- rent. Yet I am reluctantly comlent in the manufacturing districts of pelled to say, that too many of the England. Having from my earliest Clergy of the Church of England infancy been continually resident in slumber on their posts. Some there one of the principal manufacturing are, who far from co-operating with towns, and certainly the most po. the exertions of their fellow lapulous district of England, I can bourers, even throw obstacles in bear positive testimony to the state. their path, and who, unwilling to ment of your Correspondent with discharge their duty themselves, will respect to the general demoraliza- not, from spleen or jealousy, suffer tion of the people. The picture, their more conscientious brethren to however appalling, is by no means discharge their’s; but there are far exaggerated. I had almost said it more, who, satisfied with fulfilling falls short of the reality. I have the inere routine of their office, and been an eye-witness to the facts with giving no occasion to the enewhich he relates, but it would be mies of the Lord to blaspheme by superfluous to atteinpt any addition unbecoming and immoral conduet, to the lively representation he has sit down in a pathetic indifference, given. Surely, then, it becomes the without an effort to promote, by any

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