« הקודםהמשך »
fortunate misapprehension, or he sufficient reasons to give for the would not have quoted either of doctrines which our church prothese in support of an assertion fesses, without recurring to tradiwhich they rather tend to contradict. tion; and at a time when the blasOur English version, it is sufficiently phemies of heretics are probably as well known, commences thus; “We many and violent as they could have praise thee, O God, we acknowledge been in the age of the blessed marthee to be the Lord ;” which is fol- tyr Polycarp*, why should we have lowed, and as part of the same sen recourse to this? Cui bono? as the tence, by the words, “ All the earth Lord Chancellor Bacon was wont doth worship thee, the Father everlasting." As these two concluding Your insertion of these observawords point out the Almighty Father tions will oblige, to be the object of praise, and can
Sir, by no stretch of imagination, or zeal
Your obedient Servant, of piety, be supposed to be addressed
A, M. to the Son, we must believe the translation to be paraphrastic, or incorrect. But the Greek stands thus,
To the Editor of the Remembrancer. ΣΙ Θιον υμνέμεν, σι τον Κύριον ομολο Sir, γέμιν:
The theological world is greatly inΣι τον αιώνιον Πατέρα πάσα ή γή σί. debted to
many ingenious Gotas.
illustrations, afforded by your misAnd afterwards,
cellany of passages in the Sacred Πατέρα της απεραντο μεγαλειότητος, ,
Writings. To se obáopies oor aanbñ rai poro- surprize, in your last Number, an
But I have just observed, to my yun chor, Και το άγιον πνεύμα, τον Παράκλητον. interpretation which appears to me The Latin is as follows,
totally foreign to the text it is in
tended to explain. I say with surTe Deum laudamus, Te Dominum con- prize, because the remarks I allude fitemur;
to have proceeded from the pen of a Te æterpum Patrem omnis terra venera
most accomplished and eminent
scholar. Now, bad the word Kugror or Dominum, in the first verse of the Hughes's Travels, there is described
In one of your extracts from Mr. hymn, been written Kupne or Domine, in the vocative case, the argument and this, it is said by that learned
a marriage procession in Joannina; of T. had undoubtedly been a good author, may throw some light ou
But the context so plainly the expression of St. Paul, serãox.ee shews that the writer was speaking, vepsáya (1 Cor. ix. 5.) But surely, not of the Lord of the elect, but of Sir, it is highly improbable, that the the great Lord of all, as the first person of that Trinity,
whom he apostle intended any allusion to bis
entrance afterwards describes the powers of
upon the marriage state;
neither indeed would it have suited heaven and earth to be employed in bis argument; it was not the marrycelebrating, that I am at a loss to ing, but the taking about with him imagine how the tradition before
a wife, and thus bringing a charge alluded to can have originated, or your learned correspondent been in- upon the brethren, that the apostle duced to sanction it with bis appro. Neither do I apprehend, that the
was here advocating as his right. bation. Independently of this, I
simple act of conducting a person strongly object to any arguments drawn from such a source. We have
• See Remembrancer, p. 532.
from one house to another, could be plied to as oracular. The symboliproperly deseribed by the verb Figue cal worship of the serpent, was in αγεν.
the first ages very extensive; and And further, the proposed illus- was introduced into all the mystefration does not seem to agree with ries, wherever celebrated. It is rethe context: St. Paul argues thus, markable, that wherever the Amo" It is as lawful for me yurãixa pipa uians founded any places of Worship, ágai .... Khoas. Now, there is and introduced their rites, there was little doubt that St. Peter was mar- generally some story of a serpent. ried before he became an apostle; There was a legend about a serpent and therefore tris example would at Colebis, at Thebes, and at Delfurnish no good reason for St. Paul's phi; likewise in other places. The being married. It is probable, that Greeks called Apollo bimself Pythe apostle is speaking of St. Peter thon; which is the same as Opis, and the brethren of our Lord (as Oupis, and Oub. The woman at they are called), taking their wives Endor, who had a familiar spirit, is or sisters with them on their aposto-called 31N, Oub or Ob; and it is lical travels, and that St. Paul is interpreted Pythonissa. The place thus establishing his right to the where she resided seems to have been same privilege.
named from the worship there instiThis exposition agrees with the tuted; for Endor is compounded of remark of Clemens on the verse in En-Ador, and signifies Fons Pythoquestion, ουκ ως γαμέτας αλλ' ώς άδελ nis, the fountain of light, the oracle φας περιηγον τας γυναικας, Strom. iii. of the god Ador. This oracle was
probably founded by the Canaanites, and had never been totally suppressed.” Bryant's Mythology, vol.
i. p. 57. BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS. “ In the vicinity of Thebes there
are also sacred serpents, not at all (Continued.)
troublesome to men: they are very. * And Moses made a serpent of brass, small, but have two horns at the top and put it on a pole, and it came to pass of the head. When they die, they that if a serpent had bitten any man, when
are buried in the temple of Jupiter, he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived." to whom they are said to belong." Nambers xxi. 9.
“ And Hezekiah brake in pieces the Herodotus, vol. i. p. 302. brasen serpent that Moses had made ; for “ About seven or eight miles from unto those days the children of Israel did Gan, on the east side of the Nile, burn incense to it: and be called it Ne- lies the village of Endy, where a hushtan," (i. e. a brazen bauble or trifle). Sheik of the same name resides. It 2 Kings xviii. 4.
is famous throughout Egypt on ac* Oph signifies a serpent; and count of a snake, of which they rewas pronounced at times, and ex late miraculous stories, and which pressed Ope, Oupis, Opis, Ops, and many people believe to be the devil, by Cicero, Upis. It was an emblem banished into the mountains of Upof the sun; and also of time and per Egypt, by the angel Raphael, eternity. It was worshipped as a to prevent luis strangling young Todeity, and esteemed the same as bias, as he had done with the six Osiris ; by others, the same as Vul- former husbands which his bride can.
A serpent was also in the had married. The Sheik keeps this Egyptian language styled Ob, or serpent in his possession, as his preAub: though it may possibly be only decessors have done before him a variation of the term above. The time immemorial. It is two feet long deity so denominated was esteemed and about an inch thick, the skin is prophetic, and his temples were ap- smooth and reddish; it plays with REMEMBRANCER, No. 26.
those who take it in their hands, come back, which was to be in the without doing them the least harm, month of May following. As this and twines round their arms and was but October, Monsieur told the legs. It is singular that it likes wo- Indian, whose simplicity astonished men more than men, and when it him, that he fancied he might wait sees a woman will creep up to her long enough, when May arrived, for neck, get into the bosom, and from the arrival of his great father. The thence under the shift. They allow Indian was so confident of his crea. it this liberty, as it is believed to be ture's obedience, that he offered to an angel. In honour of this serpent lay the Frenchman a wager of two they hold an annual festival. The gallons of rum, that at the time appeople on this occasion meet here pointed he would come and crawl from sixty miles round, and they into his box. This was agreed on, flock in such numbers, and give so and the secoud week in May follow. many alms, that above sixty oxen ing fixed for the determination of the and two hundred sheep are killed to wager. At this period they both give them a meal. They relate many met there again; when the Indian set fables of this snake, which is per- down his box, and called for his fectly well taught to do its part. I great father: the snake heard him was iold that the Sheik would cut it not; and the time being now expired, in pieces at night, and be sure to be acknowledged that he had lost. find it whole and sound the next However, without seeming to be dismorning. From curiosity, I asked couraged, he offered to double the him whether it was true that he bet, if his father came not within could do so; and on his answering two days more. This was further in the affirmative, I offered him teu agreed on; when, behold, on the zuchini to perform this miracle be- second day, about one o'clock, the fore me, but with this condition, snake arrived, and of his own acthat I should keep the pieces of the cord crawled into the box, which snake till they were united again ; was placed ready for him. The and that if this did not happen at French gentleman vouched for the the proper time, I should not be truth of this story, and from the acobliged to pay him. But be would counts I have olien received of the not agree to it, and his excuse was, docility of those creatures, I see no that the angel (for thus he called the reason to doubt his veracity.” Car. serpent) would be provoked by such ver's Travels. a bargain.” Forster's Travels, p. 287. Snake worship was common in
“ An indian belonging to the America. (Bernal Diaz, p. 3. 7. 125.) Menomonie, having taken a rattle. The idol the Spaniards found at snake, found means to tame it; and Campeche, is thus described, by the when he had done this he treated it oldest historian of the discoveries. as a deity; calling it his great father, “ Our men were conducted to a and carrying it with him in a box broade crosse-way, standing on the wherever he went. This he had side of the towne. Here they shew done for several summers, when them a square stage or pulpit, foure Monsieur Pionisance accidentally steppes high, partly of clamıy bitumet him at this carrying place, just men, and partly of small stones, as he was setting off for a winter's whereto the image of a man çut in hunt. The French gentleman was marble was joyned, two fourefooted surprised one day to see the Indian unknown beasts fastening upon him, place the box which contained his which, like madde dogs, seemed god on the ground, and opening the they would tear the marble man's door, give him his liberty ; telling guts out of his belly. And by the him, whilst he did it, to be sure and image stood a serpent, besmeared return by the time he himself should all over with gooce bloud, deyoạring
a marble lion, which serpent, com- of doing it, if he thinks fit. His pacted of bitumen and small stones Majesty has disposed of six bishop. incorporated together, was seven and ricks in Ireland since his accession fortie feete in length, and as thicke to the throne, and only two of them as a great oxe. Next unto it were have been given to persons educated three rafters or stakes fastened into in Ireland. The same method was the grounde, which three others taken in her late Majesty's time, escrossed, underpropped with stones, pecially towards the later part of in which place they punish malefac- her reign, when the Primacy, Kildare, tors condemned, for proof whereof Ossory, Derry and Waterford were they saw innumerable broken arrows given to persons educated in Oxford. all bloudie, scattered on the grounde, I hope if this be represented to his and the boues of the dead cast into Majesty, it will prevail with him to an inclosed courte neere unto it.” let an equal share of his favour be Pietro Martine; from a Note to extended to his faithful subjects in Sonthey's Madoc.
Ireland, when their merits are equal.
it twelve years, and I left it thirteen Letters from Archbishop King, and years ago in very good order. The
Bishop Nicolson, tó Archbishop Bishop has stayed in it two years of Wake.
those thirteen, and I am informed it [These Letters are to be found is degenerated greatly from what among many others, from the same
it was. It needs therefore an exPersons, in two MS Volumes in perienced bishop, that knows the the British Museum; and they are discipline of the Church, the counnot included in the published try, the people, and their humours, Correspondence of their Authors.] to reform it.
If I may take the liberty to proArchb. King to Archb. Wake.
pose a scheme for the time, I intreat Suffolk-street, Jan. 18, 1716. your Grace to think whether it might May it please your Grace, not be agreeable to translate Dr. Ihave been contined to my cham- Ashe, the Bishop of Clogher, to ber since I last waited upon you, Derry; the Bishop of Dromore, Dr. which gives your Grace the troublé Stearn, 1o Clogher; Dr. Bolton, of this. I understand that the Bishop Dean of Derry, or Dr. Lambert, of Derry lies very ill in Dublin, and Dean of Down, to Dromore; the it is expected the next packet will Provost, to the vacant dieanery; and bring an account of his death. If it then Dr. Baldwyn, or Dr. Gilbert
, should please God that should bap- to the provostship. This would grapen, give me leave to remind your tify six or seven men, and I believe Grace of the necessity of removing please every body, and be for his the Provost of the College of Dublin, Majesty's service, the benefit of the both for his Majesty's service and Church, and general good of the the good of the Kingdom. This will kingdom. Your Grace will pardon give his Majesty a good opportunity my freedom in this; and believe that
I am, my Lord, your Grace's most Tiuis temple affords a striking proof hunuble servant, of the origin of the Americans. The Lion
WILL, DUBLIN. is not an animal of the new world, and the Boa Constrictor, which from its size and habits (Sec Shaw's Zoology), is the only
Archb. King to Archb. Wake. Serpent capable of feeding on a lion, is com
Dublin, March 3, 1718• mon only to Asia, India, and part of South May it please your Grace, America. The idol must therefore have been a representation of one of a similar
It has pleased God to take to nature in Africa or Asia.
himself brother Dr. Ash,
Bishop of Derry. He but just saw consider that a man may govern a his bishoprick, being called up to country diocese in Ireland, as well if the Parliament, and fell into a con he live in London as in Dublin; and sumption, about three months ago, that he may live as cheap there as of which he died the 28th of Fe- here, and houses are cheaper; that bruary last.
he will bave so many strong preceThe circumstances of that Bi- dents to justify him in the practice, shoprick give us some pain. I left it that he need not fear any condemabout fifteen years ago,
without nation from the world for his abnity, in the best order, of any diocese sence, many of his brethren being in Ireland, aud entirely in the interest examples to justify him in it. If an of the government and revolution, act of parliament be cheaper than a and was succeeded by Dr. Hickman, journey into Ireland, he may, I doubt and afterwards by Dr. Hartstongue, not, procure one for the taking the to whose principles your Grace is oaths there as well as so many civil no stranger. Their influence, toge- officers, and so without any trouble, ther with that of the London Irish or giving himself the pain of visiting Society, to whom, as landlords, most a miserable country, he may get of the county of Londonderry be. above two thousand pounds per anJongs, has somewhat altered the tem- num, instead of eight or nine huna per of many
of the inhabitants; so dred. This will, in my opinion, be that they need a diligent active po. a precedent of very commendable pular bishop that will reside among frugality, and very grateful to his fathem; the two former not having mily, as well as to your grace, who been in the diocese two years during will thereby have the benefit of his the whole time of their being bishops, advice and assistance. As for the dio. My fellow justice and I, thought it cese of Derry, I see no reason why it our duty to lay our sense of that may not do as well without a resident matter before the Lord Lieutenant, bishop for fifteen years to come, as and have recommended Dr. Stearn, it did for the fifteen years last past. the present bishop of Clogher, to be Your Grace sees by this how heartranslated to Derry. I declare to tily I come into your measures, and your Grace that I do not know a how solicitous I am to gratify you, fitter man, and I believe all who which your grace may always exknow him concur with me in that pect from, May it please your opinion. He is popular, generous, Grace, Your Grace's most obedient hospitable, and an excellent scholar, Servant, a person of great prudence, and most
WiLL. DUBLIN. likely to put the Church in order, that has suffered by the former
Dublin, April 12, 1718...
Your's, &c. &c. Grace's letters, with which your
of the 1st of this month, your Grace Dublin, March 25, 1718. doth most justly represent the incorr- May it please your Grace, venience of passing by the persons I had the honour of your Grace's that are the best judges, and most of the 18th instant; and since the proper to be consulted in the dispoperson nominated for the bishoprick sal of the preferments of the Church, of Derry is so very useful to your I humbly conceive that the mischievGrace, I bave been thinking of a ous consequences of that practice way by which your Grace may have are no less in Ireland than in Eng the benefit of his assistance without land; and that therefore I might have hurting his wife and family. I do expected that one who saw and felt
jesty. * ****