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ceremonies, and vestments, and sube is too cold. First, she is hierársi scription, we shall merely say, that chical; and, secondly, she is patlia-1) unless_Mr. Newton thinks that a mentary. First, she governs herself surplice is worse than a Socinian, haughtily and irresponsibly; sewa and that it is better to deny our condly, she is governed by the laws it Lord's divinity than to kneel at his of her country. When Mr. Newton table, be ought not to reproach the has explained these mysteries to the Church for being is possession of satisfaction of his flock, we trust those safeguards, of which the want that he will be at leisure to tell us", is so severely felt in his own commu- who elected St. Peter and St. Panl; nion. There never was a body of and, perhaps, also he may feel disprofessing Christians more free from posed to vindicate the Old Testaanti-trinitarian heresy than the ment from the charges, to which, Church of England is at present; upon his principles, it is but too and for this freedom she is indebted much exposed. As to the utter to her articles and creeds. There horror in which Mr. Newton holds never was a body of professing the idea of an alliance between Christians more perplexed and dis. Church and State, we doubt not tracted than the dissenters, and it is that he, as an individual, is sincere to the want of creeds and articles in his expression of it. But that that their distractions and perplexi- the dissenters, as a body, would ties may be traced.

most gladly unite with the civil The third and fourth objections government, and that great sacri. may be considered together; and as fices would be submitted to for the they are diametrically opposed to sake of such an union; is a fact each other, they need not detain us which cannot be doubted, by those long. We are not called upon to who are acquainted with history, or discuss the origin and limits of the human nature. Presbyteriapism is al Regale, or to compare the Jewislı ready iutimately connected with the economy, in wbich God himself gave State. Independency, as far as we are the civil magistrate an authority in aware, has never yet received a prothings spiritual, with the Christian poal; and it is, therefore, right and dispensation, under which the reasonable that she should forbid Church has so long been in alliance our bands. Whenever we see a sowith ile State, Mr. Newton does ciety of Independents, Baptists, or not appear to have clear views upon Presbyterians, who refuse to accept this subject. But, at all events, he the offered hand of the goverameat, is certain that the multitude ought we shall very readily acknowledge to meddle with their ministers; and that we have been mistaken. But, that the magistrate ought not. It till the event occurs, we must beg Never occurs to him to inquire how leave to be incredulous. mattery will stand, if the people The passages iu the baptismal should take it into their heads to and burial services are all that resurrender their rights to the sove- mained 10 be noticed, and of the reiga; nor does he tell us why Par- assent to thera which is required liament which votes away a laye by the Act of Uniformity, Mr. New wan's Boney, may not also waive ton observes, iu no very charitable his right to an ecelesiastical privi- tone, lege. Satisfied with asserting that the clergy should be dependant upon

“Our Ministers dare not on any account, the people, and independent of the make such a declaration as this. We are

willing charitably to hope, that those who crown, he finds every thing to blame, do make it, mean it: but we should feel mod nothing to praise, in the unfor- ourselves dishonest men if we attempted Lungle Church of England. First, it. We fear; we greatly fear, tlmt ihin se she is 100 hot and secondly, she quisement is the greusion of mult sultors

fugey of much falee dealing, of mach'un fage and false dealing; for which, easiness of soul or indifference to truth as it is no'affair of ours, 'we' humbly In these cases the fountains of truth are recommend him to their notice. If poisoned, and what is begun iu prevarica: he is willing to communicate with fion, ends in Inkewarmness and iniquity; the bonesty and integrity of men and of

éhurchmen who teach' regeberation Christians, are looked for in vain, and the in baptism, we shall request him, in ways of Zion mourn. We really conceive their name, not to say that they tirat it must be a very difficult thing for, “believe baptism with water to be any mao taking into consideration the regeneration.". He ought to know, whole compass as well as the parts of this and in fact he must koow, that they selves, we know that we can neither make neither believe nor say any such it, or support others in doing so. We thing; and the very prayer' in the conld not tirus enjoy peace npon our pil- baptismal service, in which his conlows.

science will not permit bim to join, “We feel objections to different parts expressly thanks God for having reof the Church service, though we readily generated the infant with his Spirit admit that much of it is exceedingly ex There are dissenters who teach that cellent. It is needless for me to mention any parts now, except the Baptismal and baptism with water is regeneration; the Burial Services. These are very im

viz. those who deny the personality portant, as forming the entrance into, and and the influence of the Holy Ghost. the exit out of the Church. We can nei- The existence of such persons ther give our children to enter it with a among us, is the result of nonconsafe conscience, or be buried in it accord-formity; and it is therefore not ing to our views and principles. How, Sir; quite fair to confound them with the cao those who do not believe baptism with water to be regeneration, either baptize or

genuine children of the Church. have their children baptized according to

But still it cannot be denied that the form of the Church? How can we there are many who, with Mr. Newfirst

pray for the regeneration of the child, ton, reject the doctrine of baptismal and then trank Goil, atier it is baptized, regeneration; and is it not hard to that it is regenerated? How can a Clergy. ensnare their consciences, or éxman read the Burial Service over all that clude them from the Church?' Just are brought to him to be buried? Sir, we make conscience of these things, and as

as hard, and no harder, than it is long as we do so, we must (unless there be to require them to express their an alteration in ttc Church of England) faith in the resurrection of the dead, continue Dissenters; truth, honesty, and and the life everlasting. Both are conscience, require this from us. However to be believed, because they are willing we may be to be numbered with

distinctly revealed, and are indismany of the members of your communion,

pensable constituent parts of the we dare not, in prospect of that day which is coming, join your Church and as.

Christian scheme. sert her purity, der Apostolic excellence,

The burial service furnishes and the obligations of all Britons to submit more plausible argument; since, to her commands. -Dissenter's dipology, when we speak of trusting that our P. !9.

deceased brother vests, in Cbrist, we Mr. Newton kere admits that he, cannot intend to express our certainty and other dissenters, are willing to or confidence of that event; and be numbered with many of the mem yet this is one meaning of the word bers of our community-and we to trust. Surely, however, Mr. should like, if possible, to learn Newton must be acquainted with who some of the many may be.'another; he cannot have forgolted Are they such as deny the doctrine that I trust,' is continually used of baptismal regeneration, or such for, I fervently hope;' and it in as maintain it? If the forner, Mr. that sellise he would refuse to repeat Newton's friends, with wliom he is the collect in the burial service, we willing to be numbered, are the very have forned a very incorrect estiu persons whom he accuses of subter mate of his feelings, and his dispo

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sition. We faney, that we discover arrevelation from God to man,vit in him that party spirit which see: must, when properly explained and tarianism necessarily generates, and understood, be found in every part which has blinded him against the to vindicate its own origin aud de light of strong arguments, and sign: justly contending that it would taught him to place an undue reli- argue a degree of imperfection con ance upon weak opes; but there are tradictory to the very idea of a no symptoms of personal or indivi. divine revelation, did we not on dual harshness in his pamphlet; correct and impartial enquiry disa and if his flock, whom he is endea- cover it to be throughout strictly vouring to confirm in his opinions, compatible at least with that source are not very different from what we and that purpose. A summary of believe thein to be, they would be the author's sentiments on this subestranged rather than recovered, by ject is contained in the following uncharitableness. We have only to passage. hope that they will listen patiently “ Perhaps this plain and simple princiboth to Mr. Wix, and to Mr. New- ple might, if duly pursued suffice, in most ton, and we shall then have no instances, to guide us aright both in disdoubt respecting the issue of the cerning and defending Christian truth, conflict.

1. For, in the first place, our religion claims to have God for its author. We are, then, at once furnished with an an,

swer to every cavil against it, tliat is Attention to the Origin and Design improbability in terms or circumstances of

founded solely on an alleged antecedent of the Gospel, recommended, as the dispensation; and with a corrective a Defence against prevailing also to every perversion of it, that may be Errors, including some Observa.. attempted for the sake of evading such tions on the Doctrine of imputed cavits : because it is obvious that human, Righteousness: a Sermon, preach, notions of probability or improbability, ed at St. James's Chapel, White

can never become the measure of the proc hapen, July 14, 1020, at the Via ceedings of a Divine Being.-- Yet on such

Darrow views, and not on any real inconsitalion of the Right Rev. the sistency with the acknowledged attributes of Lord Bishop of Chester; and the Deity, will all the most

popular objecpublished by Request. By Wil tions to Christianity itself, or to its leading liam Ainger, B.D. Formerly doctrines, be uniformly discovered actus Fellow of St. John's College, ally, if not avowedly, to rest. Cambridge, Vicar of Sunninghill

, religion professes

, to remedy the evil of

2. Again, in the second place, our Berks ; and Perpetual Curate, that state in which we exist by nature, and Superintendent of the Cleri- and to open to us, and fit us for another, a cal Institution, at St. Bees, Cum, purer and better state of existence. This Pp. 27. Rivingtons. comprehensive account of its design, might

be supported by a reference to particular,

texts of Scripture. But, in fact, we This is a well written and useful gather such a design scarcely so much discourse containing, in the first from any precise detinitions and descripplace, a sound'exposition of the tions of it, as from what is either partially Preacher's text. 1 Cor. i. 30. « But and incidently expressed, or clearly im of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who plied, in almost every sentence that adverts

to the present condition and future desti of God is made unto us wisdom, and nation of mankind, and to the connection righteousness, and sanctification, which the one holds with the other t. If, and redemption and in the second place some seasonable remarks upon

#" See Titus ii. 11-14." the manner in which it is 'neglected tirely new, and is this, to prepare us by a

+ "The object of this religion is enor abused:*** the #

state of Mr Ainger commences By ob

probation for the kingdom of hea.

This is every where professed by serving that if the Gospel be indeed Christ and his Apostles, 'to be the elief


berland. 1821.



thus intended by supreme wisdom and puted by any class br?? be dis

however, we have sufficient grounds for

e accus

It is not probable that the cas concluding the life of the Christian to be racy of these opinions will be dis

professing goodness, as a temporary school of moral

Christians; yet are there many and spiritual discipline and improvement; if, in short

, God's kingdom in this world Christian teachers who ought to was really established in order to train up question and refute them, if conmembers for his kingdom in the next, it sistency were any part of their purseems inevitably to follow, that no inter- suit. For we are told again and pretation of the records of our faith can be again, that it is not for man to sysright, which does not, by its consequences, tematize, but that he is to preach the tend" to niake ready a people prepared for Gospel as he finds it, that if he has the Lord,' endued with the dispositions, and exercised in the graces, that may ren

a Calvinistic text he is to preach a der them'meet to become,' after this scene

Calvinistic Sermon, and if a passage of earthly probatiou is ended, partakers of an opposite tendency should be of the inheritance of the saints in light t," selected for the following Sabbath, P. 4.

a sermon of an opposite tendency is

also to be delivered. This custom end of the Christian's life,' ** The bas prevailed in certain quarters for truth of this principle, That the present

a considerable period; but we be. life is a state of probation and education, lieve that it was left to Mr. Simeon, to prepare us for another, is confirmed by of Cambridge, to avow and to reevery thing which we see around us. It is

commend the practice. The prethe only key which can open to as the de

face to the Hore Homileticæ, signs of Providence in the economy of human affairs, the only clue which can

an express vindication of it; and as guide us through that pathless wilderness, that preface has been reprinted and and the only plan on which the world could panegyrized in most of the pamphlets possibly have been formed, or on which of the party, we shall take the prethe history of it can be comprehended or sent opportunity of making some explained.' Soame Jenyns's View of the remarks upon the subject. Internal Evidence of the Christian Reli

In the first place then, we say gion. Prop. 2." .St. Laike i. 17."

that if Mr. Simeon' is in the right, + “ Col. i. 12."

the Church of England is fundainen** If the present life is a trial of tally and grossly in the wrong; men's filelity, a probation of their

fitness having reduced the contents of the for a future and more lasting state; then Sacred Volume to a theological every erroneous notion, which is of such a nature, as leads men to rely upon any equi- to subscribe to that system, and

system, and required her ministers valent whatsoever, instead of employing faithfully those talents wherewith God has acknowledge it as their own. What intrusted them, in promoting his kingdom right had the Church to act thus? of truth and righteousness, must needs be Why was she not satisfied with a a fatal deceit.***

If they depend upon any promise to preach nothing but what absolute decree of God, or upon any appli- might be found in the Bible? These cation of the merits of Christ to save them, not from, but in their sius : if they

are questions which Churchmen are expect to be saved hy their faith, mcan

continually called upon to answer ing thereby mere credulity, instead of fide by the pious Non-conformist on the lity or acting faithfully upon the princi- one hand, and the liberal Lancasples they profess: in these and all other terian on the other; and Mr. Simeon cases whatsoever, which can possibly be can return no sufficient or convincing i reconciled with vicious and immoral prac- answer. If he is justified in varying 3 tice, our Saviour will say unto them, Depart from me all ye workers of iniquity, the Dissenters are justified in their

his doctriue' as he varies his text, temporary trust, how is it fit

I should opposition to creeds and articles, la you

to kingdom to be your own for and have a right

"his as

expect" ever? Dr. Samuel Clarke's Sermons, p. sistance in ridding the land of such 1-338. v. 11. Ed. 1734."

4 nuisance.

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In the second place, wil Mr. desert the very strong hold of their Simeon adhere to his own rule upon creed? Was not its completeness any other subject except the Cal. as a scholastic system, one of the vinistic controversy? Will he preach main causes of its promulgation? to-day upon a Trinitarian, and to. And can there be a surer symptom morrow, upon & Socinian passage, that its advocates are worsted, and urging the declarations of Scripture are on the retreat, than that they in both cases, to their full extent; have abandoned their ancient forand not presuming to reconcile or tresses, and are continually shifting systematize, what seems, and only their ground ? Mr. Simeon may seems to be contraditory? We feel conceive that his mind is superior assured that he would not but we to prejudice, and that he can fairly cannot conceive how he would de- balance one set of opinions and fend or explain his conduct. The doctrines against the other; giving doctrine of the Trinity in Unity, is to neither a more prominent place, deduced from a vast number of or a more frequent repetition than texts, which would be absurd and has been assigned to it in Holy contradictory if that doctrine were Writ. And it is for his hearers and not true. And it is the bounden readers, not for us, to say whether duty, of every Christian teacher to he is successful in the attempt. compare and contrast these oppo- But putting his own sermons out of sing authorities, and to shew that the question, we should very much they do not tend to invalidate each like to know how many men he has other, as the sceptic is always ready met with in the course of his long lo ipsinuate ; that it is not neces- experience, of whom he can say sary to reject one set of them as that they have adhered to the plan spurious, or unintelligible, which which he lays down. Must be not is the Socinian's crafty policy, admit, that at least ninety-nine but that even from the first and Calvinists out of a hundred, take purest ages of the Church, they no notice in their sermons of those have been reconciled by the Catholic passages of Scripture which favour interpretation, and that such inter- the Arminian scheme; and that the pretation is reasonable, necessary, Arminians, among whom Mr. Simeon and just. We have no inclination limself has been commonly numto suppose that Mr. Simeon would bered, treat the Calvinistic texts in object to such preaching as this a similar manner? Is it not certain we are confident that a great majo. that predilection, not to say prerity of the clergymen who are con. judice, will have its force; and that nected with him would adopt it an honest man will often forget the without the slightest hesitation. authorities which are opposed to his And therefore we would simply ask own opinion? We feel a strong whether they are consistent inter conviction of the impolicy and impreters of Scripture, when they re- propriety of the plan which Mr. fuse to adopt that process with re Simeon has recommended. It would spect to God's dealings with man. render a great part of the preacher's kind, which they have already office useless and uugatory; it would adopted on a subject of far greater afford colourable excuses for latituobscurity, namely, the separation dinarianism, Socinianism, and infiand the unity of the Divine Nature? delity; it would tend to increase

In the last place, what inference and multiply divisions and seets, is to be drawn by the Church from and would ustimately bring the Bible this newly discovered antipathy to into general disrepute. Mr. Ainger's systems of theology among the Cal., Discourse, to which we now return, vinists, or semi-calvinists of the may assist in removing, or at least present day? Do they not hereby diminishing, that delusion, which

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