תמונות בעמוד

We are sensible that

Christian love and sincerity, and all the stand that the Church of Eriglaud has ever amiable qualities that can adorn the body made against these impieties. Consider, in character, more powerfully recom, too, the follies, the novelties, the dela: mended? Where is the discharge more, sions, of the Romish crced; and, then, Bolémply enforced of every obligation that bear in mind the courageous resistance, can contribute to the present peace of in the resolute protestations of the Church dividuals and society, or can render us' of England, against those follies, those meet to become partakers of the salvation novelties, and those wretched delusions, of Christ? Or where are those blessed which protestations the early Reformers principles of charity, jucnlcated in the nobly sealed with their blood! Reflect, Gospel, nuore amply displayed than in the then, on the other hand, how the VoitaChurch of England, as the principles which rian, the Socinian, how every opposer of must be imbibed in this our state of pro- Christrin ductrine and order, nrges bation, to render us fitting to be employed apology in your dissent, the 'example of hereafter, in continually adoring and thank- which, as has been observed, encourages iog together, the Author of our joy and our the dissent of those who most widely, most salvation? Should we not, then, now fatally, differ from you."- Affectionale worship God in the unity of the spiirt, and Address, p. 13. in the bond of peace? Should we not be careful thus humbly to encourage a bope, We now turn to the Apology of so far as is pleasing to the Almighty, thatMr. Samuel Newton; and though when this life shall have closed upon us, we we think that he might have adhered may, at the general resurrection, meet again as those who have loved each other upon bearance set by Mr. Wix, we are

more strictly to the example of forearth, and been anited in the most sacred bonds of religious friendship? Does it not still ready to do justice to his genebecome you, does it not become us all, to ral moderation, and to rejoice that remember calmly, and in the spirit of the “orthodox Dissenters" have not meekness, that whatever is human, mast, descended to that ribaldry which among persons of various tempers and this controversy has called forth powers of comprehension, be viewed in from a Socinian pamphleteer who is various lights ; and that it will be thonght too contemptible to be noticed. But, that some particular might have been better contrived, or some doctrine better apropos, to Socinians, there is av stated? But, if such be thought an argu- omission in Mr. Newton's Answer

, ment for separation, where shall separation at which the reader will be surstop? Consider then the whole. Take a prised. He does not say a single dispassionate view of every part of the syllable respecting the ravages which great scheme of the Church, both in lier constitution, and in her doctrine; then, Unitarianism has made in the Presbalance the certain mischiefs of a spirit of byterian fold, and thus suffers a full dissent, operating, according to the differ. half of the Address to pass sub sience of men's opinions, a variety of doc- lentio. Whether the subject was trine, against the positive good of that overlooked as unimportant and tri

; meekness, of that docility of temper, of ding, or whether it really slipped that teachableness of disposition, of that Mr. 'Newton's memory, or whether generons deference to constituted antho. he knows, as is probable, far more

rities, all which adorn the disciple of Jesus Christ and further his kingdom, more

about the business

has ever than " doting about questions and strifes reached the ears of Mr. Wix or his of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, critics, the omission is at all events railings, evil surmisings.” (1 Tim. vi. 4.) to be lamented. The following pas.

“ Consider, with all the pungency of sage may be regarded as the opeu. of Jesus Christ; yes, I would, in the full ing of Mr. Newton's case, die power of argument, but with all the meek I write for myself, though I believe i ness of persuasion, urge you to consider great part of that class of Dissenters

, with most seriously, the alarining spread of the a view to wbich I waite, agree with me in Socinian and Unitarian prejudices against opinion.

our the comfortable doctrine of atonement, hours are not disposed to s and the no less comfortable assurance of becamise of our dissent; we feel like other divine grace, to assist the weakness of our men the effects of disestcem i reproach; tallen nature. Then consider the form we are not disposed needlessly to expose



well of us,

ourselves to the accusation of being scie, coarse, in communion with the natics; we are losing by our dissent, the Church. And does not this very chance we might have of the emoluments circumstance "make him" more esa and respectability of your Church; we teenied and admired out of the are liable to many extra expenses for supporting oor worship ; and if we be in these Church? Dissenters, if we believe circumstances, under the inflaence of false themselves, are not a small nor an principles, and acting from a schismatical unconnected body. They love tlivse and contentions spirit, it must be admitted who love them; and a decided and that bolli our folly and our siu are great successful opposition to the Church We are committing transgression, and we is neither the road to disgrace nor are receiving reproach. Bat, indeed, Sir to obscurity. What is lost therefore dissent is matter of corscience with us, apd if I cannot persuade you tirat we are,

in one quarter, is more than supplied right, I hope to convince you that we are in another; and if Mr. Wix's admiss not wilfully and obstinately wrong." Dis- sions are rejected, and we come to senter's Apology, p. 4.

argue the matter with strictness, it We are anxious to come as spee. will be found that the petty consedily as possible to Mr. Newton's quence, and the party-triumphs of main 'arguments; but the introduce sectarianism more than counterbation requires a few brief remarks. lance the reproaches of orthodoxy. If it means any thing to the purpose, This is especially the case among we suppose it means this; that Disa dissenting teachers; a vast proporsenters forego many temporal ad- ţion of whom are, beyond all doubt, vantages, and are therefore entitled men of much grenter importance and to credit for the purity of their mo- influence than a continuance in tives. Where there is a bona fide Church communion would ever have surrender of temporal advantages, made them. And as to their chance without reference to ambitious de of obtaining the emoluments and sires, or factious self-will; where, respectability of the Church, this as in the case of the primitive and we consider as a high though an inthe reformation martyrs, every direct compliment to the Establishearthly thing is surrendered for a ment. For as the dissenting teachers cause in which no earthly thing can would never, of course, have conbe obtained, great 'respect ought to sented to rise by the ladder of pa be paid to the motives from which tronage or power, they could only such conduct proceeds. But what have been preferred for their merits. does Mr. Newton surrender for con And if meritorious clergymen have science sake?. “Their neighbours so good a chance of emoluments, as

not disposed to think well of to make the sacrifice of that chance them because of their dissent;" for conscience-sake highly meritori" they are losing their chance of the ous, then the Church is not so com emoluments and respectability of pletely at the mercy of the Crown the Church and they have to de- as Mr. Newton would have us befray the extra expences of their pe- tieve. He cannot escape from this culiar worship." Now Mr. Wix has dilemma. Either be and his bretot questioned, but admitted, ad- thren lose nothing, or success in the mitted we should

say so

somewhat too Church of England is open to humbroadly and incautiously, the purity ble merit. The third species of of the Dissenter's" motives. And it martyrdom now suffered by Diswould have been more prudent in senters, is; contributing to the ex. Mr. Newton to accept the admis- peace of their separate worship; and tion, and say no more about the as the last grievance was peculiarly matter, than to offer disputable clerical, this is peculiarly laic. For proofs of an undisputed fact. The surely it can be no liardship upon neighbours by whom Mr. N. is dis- the teacher to be paid by subscripesteemed i and reproached, men of tions: instead of titles. The laster


the voluntary offerings, el dersons of

herfought in consistency to de: státenient is followed by an extract nounce as popish and anti-chris- from Mosheim, which we reprist, tian; the former bind the minister because it contains, in fact, the only (somewhat too tightly perhaps) to argument adduced by Mr. Newton his flock, and furnish no eon. in opposition to Episcopal govern, temptible provision for those per- ment. sons to whom they are given. The

" It is certain, however, that it wopld be laymen therefore alone are entitled forming a very erroneous judgment, were to that praise which is bestowed we to estimate the power, the revenge upon such as prove their sincerity the privileges, and rights of the first Biby opening their purses ; and this shops, from the rank, affluence, anil authopraise, if it be meted out im

rity attached to the Episcopal character in partially, must not be confined to

the present day. A primitive Bishop was,

as it shonld seem, none other than the chief them; but they must share it with

or principal Minister of an individual all the votaries of fashion and folly, Church, which, at the period of which we with all the dupes of political kna are speaking, was seldom so namerolla, very, and political fanatacism, with but that it could be assembled under one the subscribers to Cobbett and roof. He taught the people, administered Hunt and Hone and Carlile, every plied the ailing and the indigent with com

what are termed the sacraments, and sapa one of whom has proved his since-fort and relief. With regard to the peri rity by parting with his money. formance of such duties as it was impose The dissenter, generally speaking, sible for him to fulfil or to attend to in has been born and bred in dissent, person, he availed himself of the assistance and prefers paying the expences of of the Presbyters. Associating, likewise

, his non conformity, to renouncing these Presbyters with him in council, bé it. This is the true state of the inquired into and determined any disputes case--and though it certainly does the members of his flock, and also looked

or differences that might subsist anjongst not prove that the dissenters are in round and consulted with them as to any the wrong, it fails to prove that they measures which the welfare and prosperity are in the right. Mr. Newton how of the Church seemed to require. Whatever is entitled to praise, for enu ever arrangements might be deemed eli. merating these grievances only, and gible, were proposed by him to the people for observing a profound silence

for their adoption in a general assembly. upon the Test Acts, and Turnpike determine por enact any thing of lintself


In fine, a primitive Bishop could neither Acts of Mr. Wilkes.

but was bound to conforın to and carry 4. We proceed to those parts of the into effect whatever might be resolved on Apology which constitute the an. by the Presbyters and the people, The swer to Mr. Wix. On the subject Episcopal dignity would not be much co

. of Episcopacy, Mr. Newton admits veted, I rather think, ow such terms, by that there were bishops in the apos. many of those who, under the presenestate tolical times, but denies that they on behalf of Bishops and their aythontyor

of things, interest themselves very warmly were of the same sort as our Eng. Of the emolumenis attached to this office, lish prelates. If you suppose us," which, it may be observed, wz8 ope of no

« to be enemies to Episco- small labour and pèril, I deem it unnecespacy, you have entirely mistaken sary for me to say any thing: for that they our sentiments. None of us have must bave been extremely small, cannot

but be obvious to eyery one who shalloonany objection to such bishops 'as are spoken of in the Epistles to Ti- any other revenue than what arose from

sider that no Church had, jo those days mothy and Titus, or as were found

oblations as in the Churches of Ephesus and they weré termed, Philippi. The only lamentation the greater part of whom were amongst us who are overseers of very moderate or slender means, and that Christian churches among the disa jone of these offeringe-id addition to the

enters is, that we are not more Presbyters, the Deacons and the indigeant conformed to the divine Tulemas

brëtliren." -Dissenter's

Apology, p.o.

he says,

by far

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This passage is to be found in England can establish the regular, Mosheim's Commentaries on the succession of her bishops, he pro.. affairs of Christians before the time ceeds in the following words. e of Constantine the Great, and Mr. Newton seems to imagine that it is succession of the Ministers of the Church

" And as for the perpetual and unbroken decisive of the controversy. But he of England from the Apostles, we neither forgets that Mosheim was writing admit the purpose for which you 'insistin defence of an unepiscopal Church upon it, or the fact that such a succession! government, and therefore cannot exists. As to the purpose for which you be considered an impartial judge

introdnce it, is evidently to show that upon the question. Both he and our Ministers are pot lawfully appointed,

that the wisest or best of them are spiriMr. Newton are evidently aware

tual intruders, and that you, the Ministers that their own Church government of the Church of England, are, and alone is not scriptural, and a feeble at. can be, safe and lawful goides. Thus at tempt to carry the war into their Owen, a Doddridge, and a Watts

, taoglit adversaries' quarters, by retorting without proper authority; and thus the rethe charge upon us, is their only formed Churches abroad, and the Lutheran method of eluding a difficulty which Churches, and the Church of Scotland,

are under teachers who have no lawful au. it is impossible to overcome. They thority for what they do. The man'most cannot deny that Timothy and Ti- apostolical in spirit, if he teach the Gospel tus were bishops; not merely over without the imposition of the hands of the seers of one flock, as Mr. Newton Bishop of the Church of England, is acting may be, but superintendants and irregularly and unlawfully. While on the rulers of many focks. And when other hand the most vain and conceited igwe ask the dissenters where are their

noramus who has been episcopally or

dained, is entitled to preach the word and superiotendants and overseers, they administer the Sacraments, and to call answer, it is true, we have not got away the hearers of such an apostolical any; and it would be more scriptu- man, Can you wonder, Sir, that we do ral if we had, but your English bi- not believe these things, and that your adshops are not the same as Timothy dress will prove powerless, and entirely inand Titus, they are richer, they are

sufficient to persuade us, since it rests more powerful, and they have a logy, p. 10.

upon such arguments?"- Dissenter's Apowider rule.

We shall betake ourselves seriously to the explanation The unbecoming language of this of these and similar difficulties, as passage is pointed out by Mr. Wix, soon as we have heard why Mr. in the Appendix that accompanies Newton does not make tents in imi. his second edition ; but we shall țation of St. Paul. But for the content ourselves with exposing the present, it will suffice to observe, complete inefficacy of the argument that according to Mr. Newton's which is so decently and tastefully own shewing, the Church adheres clad. Mr Newton's position is this. in 'form to the discipline of the We are to judge of the lawfulness Apostles ; but differs from it in of the call by the fruits of the mimanner and degree, while the dis- nistry. That is to say, if a man shall senters have thought proper to prove eminent and successful in his choose a new form of their own. profession, he has a better right to The first therefore is a partial, the exercise it than any one else. Agsecond a total deviation; and yet cording to which theory a great tythe second is better than the first! rant, a great general, and a great 25. Mr. Newton next adyerts to those demagogue, are legally commissionportions of the Address, which im- ed to plunder and kill. Oliver Cromply, that dissenting teachers "in- well and Buonaparte were lawful trude themselves into offices which destroyers of their fellow creatures, they have no right to sustain and while the most vain and conceited ighaving denied that the Church of noramus of an ensign who fought


upon earth.

in abedience to his king and coun-*: and the Separatists and he cdo try, deserved to have been bung in o tends that the latter, who are aqxa chains for murder:- Theidissenters. ious to preserve vuity among the are whigs; and therefore in civil <: servants of a common master, are matters they contend that unless the compelled to dissent for the followauthority be legal, the aets which ing causes. emanate from it must be illegal.. The Church cannot excommuniAnd they have always taught that a cate except by a suit in the Ecclesia vain and conceited parish constable, astical courts. appointed according to law, and The Church imposes things as conducting himself lawfully, is a necessary for her communion, which more respectable personage than an the great head of the Church has not arbitrary king. It is necessary there-. commanded. fore, that civil officers should have The Church does not allow thie a visible call ; and it is plain that people to choose their owo miniss the rule onght also to be applied to ters. ecclesiasties. And unless it eau be The Church is in alliance with the shewn that St. Paul chose himself, State, and acknowledges the chief

was chosen by the Gentiles magistrate to be her supreme head whose. Apostle he was, unless it can be shewn that Timothy and Titus The Church requires her ministers were in like manner self-appointed to subscribe according to the provi or elected by universal suffrage and sions of the Act of Uniformity, and ballot, we may defy Mr. Newton to thereby to express their asserit to prove that he has any better com, . the baptismal and burial services. *: mission to preach, than a despot or For these five reasons Mr. New a rebel has to govern. He may ex-. ton is conscientiously compelled to cel in preaching as the despot excels separate himself from the Estat in governing, and the rebel in re- blished Church; and we shall take belling and in fighting; but it is ab. the liberty of calling his attention to surd to contend, that any of the some remarks upon each of the five. three can really stand the test of a If profane persons are "admitted trial by their fruits. For the real to receive the Lord's Supper for fruits of rebellion are anarchy: and eivil and profane purposes," p. 14, of despotism, slavery; and of sehism, it is because the laws of the Church strifes, and heresies and envyings. are not enforced. For the canous And the latter fruits have been pro- require that such persons should be duced by the non-conformity of presented to the Ordinary, that they Baxter, Doddridge, and Watts, in may be dealt with according to lew spite of all their piety, talents, and and if dissenters would continue in learning. This therefore is the sum communion with the Church, and total of Mr. Newton's Answer to the discharge the duties of Churchwarı Address. We need not be episcow dens conscientiously and strictly, palians, because your bishops are they miglat réniedy the evil of which richer than Timothy and Titus; Mr. Newton complains. And, and we may preach without a com- moreover, we are confident that one mission, because several of our half of the profanation that really preaehers have been eminent men exists at the altar lies at the door of A more lame and impotent conclu- the non-conformist, and not of time sion cannot well be conceived, and Churchman; and we heartity/wisk if Mr. Newton's Hock are satisfied that the former could be prevented with it, they are very tractable, men from receiving the Lord's Supper

But having refuted Mr. Wix, he against Huis conscience, in the Church proceeds to state his own view of as a key to emolument and pover: the controversy betwcem the Churok Upon the subjeet of wines are

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