תמונות בעמוד

istence of such a book was only ready cited, asserts that Mr. Green known to the writers on one side of is, and ever has been most willing the question; the others had no op- to be examined, as soon as the portunity of being convinced by its canon is clear to his apprehension. reasoning, or even of sifting its The words of this obscure law are, various materials and separating the “ No curate or minister shall be pergrain from the chaff. In our own mitted to serve in any place without case at least, we can safely affirm examination, &c. &c." It seems that the existence of such a docu. to us, that the Bishop might have ment was never heard of until it was assigned more reasons than one for mentioned by the Bishop in the refusing to license a curate with House of Lords; and the copy now such a very limited apprehension. ou our table caine from one of those But on this subject we should wish pious pockets of which the cargoes to touch lightly, as the apprehenare not often consigued to the Chris- sion of Mr. Neville was as obtuse tian Remembrancer.

as that of Mr. Green; and the But to return to the contents of former as well as the latter could the pamphlet.

On Mr. Green's not manage to conceive that any epistles, we shall not dwell long, person and any place were words because we presume that they were that applied to a gentleman who written by the advice and direction came from Yorkshire, and went into of his frien-Is; and their fate has Northamptonshire. convinced bim, by this time, that It was during this season of canou neither he nor his friends are infal- nical hallucination that Mr. Neville lible. But his correspondence is addressed two letters to the Primate, descrving of very serious blame. and his Grace replied in the followHe was the first to introduce the ing words. “ There can be no phrase, standard of doctrine, and doubt that the right to examine a when the Bishop quotes these clergyman seeking admission to a words, and proceeds to argue upon cure whether beneficial or stipendihis application; Mr. Green turns ary, belongs to the Bishop of the Dioround, and says, that Bisop Marsh cese, in which such cure is located, admits that his questions are in. This right is so obvious, that I trust tended as a standard. Nothing can you have satisfied yourself respectbe more unfair than the whole argu- ing it long before this time; so that {ment which is built upon this as no inconvenience may have arisen sumption. Again, Mr. Green in his from my delay in answering your letfirst letter, very explicitly aud un ters.” The date is August 7th, 18:20, eqivocally refuses to be examined. and the date is important --because No inan who reads his epistle can it was six months after this, viz. in the doubt that this was his meaning: and beginning of 1821, that the offihe had been occupied nearly a fort. cial correspondence was printed, in night in coming to the determination. which Mr. Neville reasserts his inlo his second letter, however, he de- ability to comprehend the meaning nies that he has formed or expressed of the 48th canon. For lie tells us such

a resolution, and declares P. 45. that “the question properly himself resolved to answer (p. 28) under consideration is simply whe. "as soon as the authority by which 'ther the 48th cannon authorises such examination is required shall a Bishop to re-examine before he be made clear to his apprehension.” license a curate in full orders under The Bishop, of course refers to the the circumstances detailed in the 48th canon, of which the words are preceding pages.” And he endea$o comprehensive, that no one need vours to establish the negative of mistake their meaning, and the re- this cautiously worded question by ply, in the same words as those al. arguments of which the invalidity

is now universally admitted, and point which he had denied with so which we may consequently save much earnestness, and says that the ourselves the trouble of exposing. right of examination “is not intendBut the conduct of Mr. Neville is ed to be denied,” and that he only of more importance than his reason- objecis “ to the nature of Bishop ing, and we request the reader's at. Marsh's peculiar mode.” Speech. tention to a short statemevt on this P.7. subject.

With respect to the cause of this Mr. Neville had appealed to the sudden attack, the uninitiated and Archbishop of Canterbury against unenlightened can only guess : but we the Bishop of Peterborougli's inter venture to suggest the following sopretation of the 48th canon, and lution of the riddle. The “ Official his Grace had replied that the said Correspondence," having been printinterpretation was undoubtedly and ed, and dicussed in evangelicoobviously correct. And here we political circles, it fell into the hands must do Mr. Green the justice to of some individual, who had a say, that he appears to have taken quicker apprehension than Mr. no farther part in the transaction. Green, and who consequently perIf there was any grievance in the ceived that it would be in possible business, he, rather than Mr. Neville

to upset the plain words of the was the sufferer. But he did not canons, and the unvaried interprepetition the House of Lords, he did tation of the ecclesiastical lawvers, not print and distribute official cor. by the refinements introduced by Mr. respondence. We take it for grant. Neville. That gentleman, therefore, ed therefore that his apprehension was persuaded to admit the right of was cleared by the Archbishop's re examination; and contine himself to ply; and that although he had been complaining of the nature of the licensed in the diocese of York, he Bishop of Peterborough's mode. perceived that he was, nevertheless, But he forgot that his “ Corresà Curate or Minister of the Church. pondence,” was already in circulaThis discovery would convince him tion; and that the zeal of pious that he had no cause of complaint friends might induce them to perseagainst the Bishop, and the convic. vere in the distribution of it. This tion has been tacitly expressed by a event, as we should have expected, prudent and respectful silence. Not did actually occur, and Mr. Neville so bis Rector that should have been the pamphleteer, and Mr. Neville, Mr. Neville treats bis Metropolitan the petitioner, appeared at the bar with as little ceremony as his Ordi. of the House of Lords, in direct nary, and sits down to write a case opposition to each other. To comwith the simple purpose of proving pose the fend was the task allotted to that a right which bad been pro- Lord King; and his lordship also nounced undoubted and obvious by undertook the office of marshalling the Archbishop of Canterbury, did the combined troops and leading not in fact exist. This case was them to the charge. The gallantry ready for distribution when Parlia, which he displayed cannot be too ment commenced its sittings, and much commended. But what are was intended to convince the noble we to say of his fitness for his bigh members of the House of Lords post, or of the discretion of the that the Archbishop and Bishop had persons by whom he was selected misinterpreted the canon, and that and appointed to it, when we hear Curates coming from another dio-" that he confounded the Questions cese could not legally be examined. : proposed to Curates with the ordiYet when Mr. Neville after con- nary Visitation Questions exhibited siderable delay presents his petition to Churchwardens, and pronooneed a to the house, he admits the very solemn lecture upon the impropriety

[ocr errors]

p. 31.)

of a practice which has prevailed the whole transaction in one sen-' for centuries in every diocese, and tence, we should call it an attempt given offence to no one? (Speech to silence Bishop Marsh by cla

His Lordship's exalted mour. There was clamour about rank may be a very sufficient ex. the constitution; there was clamour cuse for his ignorance of the hum- about a test; there was clamour ble duties of Churchwardens and about innovations; and in order that Sidesinen; but he ought to have the panic might not be contined contrived to keep bis ignorance out to the Clergy, there was clamour of sight, wbile he was engaged in about the interests of lay patróns, putting a new interpretation upon and of the crown itself, and 'this ecclesiastical laws, and presuming to disgraceful appeal to the selfisless controvert the decisions of a Sutton of the judges was inserted both in and a Marsh.

the correspondence, (P. 33, note) It was under the sanction of this and in the petition. Bishop Marsh profound, master of civil and cano noticed this attempt to influence the nical jurisprudence, that Mr. Ne decision of the House of Lords in ville approached the house of Lords, the speech that he delivered on the and became guilty of as gross a occasion, but out of delicacy to the breach of ecclesiastical subordina- petitioner he has omitted to print tion as has been witnessed since the these remarks. It is to be hoped that restoration of King Charles. It is his example will not be altogether possible, and we are ready to be thrown away. And then we shall not lieve that this was not his intention. witness a repetition of those scenes He may have been the dupe of art. which have recently disgraced the ful and factious men; or, like Mr. Church. We are confident that we Green, he may be unprovided with speak the sentiments of ninety-nine canonical apprehension. But ac clergymen in a hundred when we say, quitting him of any improper mo- that they are safe, and know themtive or design, wohesitate not to selves to be safe under the governpronounce his conduct unecclesias ment of their Bishops and Archbishtical and unbecoming. His original ops, and have no desire to make opposition to his Bishop rested upon that appeal to the mob of news. insufficient grounds, but if he had paper politicians, which is the real, been persuaded to stop there, he and the only effect of a petition to might have been easily forgiven. Parliament. If such petitions were His disregard of the Archbishop's entertained, the necessary conseopinion was a more aggravated of- quence would be that the committees fence, and we trust that it will not for religion which overturned the be repeated. But when from defer. Church in 1640, would again be ence to unknown and irresponsible appointed, and might again triumph advisers he changed those sentiments for a season.

But many years which he had refused to surrender must elapse before Parliament can to the Archbishop, and admitted the be so far radicalized as to treat peBishop's right to examine, his per- titions against Bishops in any other severance in a complaint of which way than they have treated the rethe foundation was thus removed, cent petitions against Bishop Pelwhich no peer, excepting Lord ham and Bishop Marsh. The Peers King, was found willing to advo- who present such documents are cate, and which every body knew well assured, that they will be rethat the House of Lords would nei- jected; and we are confident that ther redress nor entertain, this con- they would not meddle with them duct was foolish or factious in the upou any other supposition. Certain extreme.

13.2. speeches are to be delivered and In short, if we were to sum up to be duly reported; the party scrib

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

blers for the newspapers are to sub- An Affectionate Address to those join “note and comment;" and Dissenters from the Communion all the dissenters in the country of the Church of England, who chuckle or sneer. Is this a system

agree with her in the leading wbich a Clergyman ought to encou Doctrines of Christianity. With rage? We will put a much stronger a Postscript to the Rev. Samuel case than that which can be urged Newton, occasioned by his Letler in defence of Mr, Neville : we will to the Author, entitled " The suppose a Clergyman sincerely and Dissenter's Apology," 8., By unalterably convinced that his Dio. Samuel Wix, H.M. F.R. & A.S. cesan and Primate are in error; we Vicar of St. Burtholomewo-the. will suppose him encouraged and Less, London. pp. 28. Riving. supported by several distinguished tons. 1820. senators, who are accustomed to take The Dissenter's Apology, in a Lela part in ecclesiastical affairs; we

ter to the Rev. Samuel Wir, conwill suppose that the point in dis

taining some Reasons why the or. pute has never before been discus

thodox Dissenters feel obliged in sed, and that law-books and term

Conscience, not to comply with his reports are silent upon the subject;

Affectionate Address, intended to and even then we have no doubt

induce them to conform to the that a pious, reasonable and or

Church of England. By Sarnuel thodox Minister ought to submit in

Newton. pp. 24. Longman and silence to the decision of the Bishops. Co. 1820. Mr. Neville cannot plead any one of these excuses. T'he law-books If the pamphlets on which we are are full and express in favour of the now to comment are compared with right of examination. The Peers, former works upon the same ques. who have read the canons, would tion, it is possible that neither would not take charge of his petition: be cousidered of much importance; The Prelates against whom he ap. but if they are contrasted, as they pealed, are distinguished for their ought to be, with each other, they accuracy, and the petition admitted have no ordinary claim to the attenthe proposition which the pamphlet tion of the public: for they may be had been written to refute. With regarded as sbort and popular statethe sentiments and character of ments of the grounds upon which Mr. Neville we are altogether un. the Church complains of the Disacquainted : we never heard his senters, and the Dissenters justify name until he started this contro- their revolt from the Church. The versy; and even now we bave not substance of both might, without heard or read one single word re impropriety, be delivered in the specting him, expepting what we shape of sermons to any common gather from his own distributed congregation; and nothing better pampblet, and the Bishop of Peter. could be desired by the clergy and borough's published speech. We their supporters, ihan that both request, therefore, to be distinctly should be heard and weighed by understood as speaking of this trans- every congregation which hesitates action alone ; and in this transaction upon the subject of commupion with we distinctly say, that he has not the Church. acted a becoming, or a consistent The“ “ Address" of Mr. Wix is : part. If he were imitated by his very temperate and judicious appea] brethren, or supported by the Le- to those Dissenters whom it is now gislature, the Church of Englaud the fashion to designate as would forfeit her Apostolic charac- And he sets before them the Church's ter; she would soon cease to enjoy claims, and the evil consequences a government by Bishopsa

of neglecting those claims, in a

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


perspicuous and convincing manner.

« And now, I again ask, can you, my We understand that he has produced Christian friends, think yourselves justified a very considerable effect, and that in dissenting from the Established Church, Mr. Newton has consequently stepped holds not the truth as it is in Christ Jestus,

unless you are prepared to prove that she forward with an answer, which is and that therefore salvation is not to be intended to confirm many wavering had in her communion? Incalculable are disciples, and to bring back some the evils of a schismatic spirit, as it has others who have forsaken their an- prevailed among the different classes of cient teachers, and listened, not with- dissenters. It has not only insensibly opeouit improvement, to the lessons of rated to a general violation of the apostoMr. Wix. Both the writers, there- have the rule over them ; but it has led to

lical precept of submission to those who fore, are to be considered as prac- that intinite variety of opinion in religious tical men, bent upon the accom matters, that has tended to contirm the plishment of an important task, and Romanist in his delusions. It has been discharging it with unpretending, obstructive to the conversion of the Jew, but indisputable skill. And the and has been of fatal operation against the

efforts of missivnaries to promote the proper result of the whole, is an insight into the merits of the con- Observing the lieats and animosities with

kingdom of Christ in foreign countries.' troversy, when reduced, as in the which opposite opinions, all of which canpresent case, to the level of the not be right, have been pursued, the poor common people.

Heathen has been puzzled to know on Mr. Wix's principal arguments which side truth lay: he las, therefore, may be reduced into three heads- continued in fuis idolatry, and in all the the apostolical and scriptural origin wretched follies of those who have adof our episcopal Church; the suffi- dressed their worship to the UNKNOWN ciency, not to say the excellence, “ I will conclude by earnestly exhorting of our Liturgy; and the calamities all yon, who profess yourselves to be orwhich are unavoidably attendant thodox dissenters, to consider very seriously, upon schism, especially the encou the tendency your not being in commu. ragement which Protestaut non

nion with your national Church, against conformity in this country has af- which you can urge no solid objections, as

the Church of England did against the forded, and still affords, to Unita- Church of Rome, when she reformed herrianism. This chain of reasoning is self from the errors of that corrupted evidently as conclusive as it is sim. branch of the Christian Church. I do most ple. The Scriptures ordained our cordially admit that yon mean well; but present form of Church government; you seem to be unaware of the mischief the Apostles and their successors

which the example of your dissent is operatpractised it; it is found amplying over the Christian world, in alienating sufficient for the purposes of Chris many from that form of sound words which

was once delivered to the saints, and, contian edification; and the effects of sequevtly, in injuring that pure morality neglecting it have been heresy, lati. which flows from a pure faith, and is a tudinarianism, and unbelief. There blessing in every relation, and in every is a positive institution; and that condition of life. Should it

even be institution upon trial proves bene- granted, that some things might, as you ficial , and every deflection from it think, be on a better footing than they are

in the constitution of the Established plunges us deeper and deeper into Church, or in the language in which she confusion. There can be no doubt, professes her belief, you must still admit therefore, that Mr. Wix is fully jus- that her object in the advancement of all tified in employing the strong lan- that is truly scriptural. Where do you guage with which he closes his Ad- find more spiritual notions incolated of dress; nor can it be denied that the God? Where is your duty to God, your Dissenters are bound either to inva• than in the Church Catechism? Where arọ

neighbour, or yourselves, better taught lidate his premises, or to admit his

* Acts xvi. 33. RaMEMBRANCER, No. 32.


3 R

« הקודםהמשך »