« הקודםהמשך »
of the credibility of the Gospel to recount ference with his disciples, our Lord passed the persecutions of worldly power, wbich on to Bethany for the last time, and was assailed the new religion, and to argue its received in the house of Simon, a man of truth and divine origin from its success considerable wealth and importance, whom in the face of every difficulty, and by the Jesnis, as I think cannot be doubted, had use of instruments apparently dispropor- formerly recovered from that loatlisome tioned to the great effects they wrought, and and ignominious disease, the leprosy : and entirely different from such as would have who had chosen, it would appear, to rebeen selected for the purpose by the wis tain the appellation of the leper as a mark dom or policy of man. Permit me to re of his gratitude, and of his remembrance mark that a similar conclusion niay be of the state from which our Lord's condrawn respecting the character and pretep- passion had relieved him. At the house sions of our Blessed Saviour from the na of Simon a tribute of respect similar to ture of the predictions, which we are that which he had received on the first here contemplating. In these predictions night of the week, fron the sister of Lazarus, be spake not as man ever spake. There was paid him by a woman evidently of rauk is a discrepancy in all lie said from what and consequence, who cane with an alamight have been the course of any mere baster box of ointment of spikenard, very human policy, that betokens in a striking precious, and brake the box and poured it mamper 'the spirit which was in him.' on his head. Here the objection in which His conduct in this instance is totally un Jadus Iscariot was formerly singular, was like the conduct of the children of this joined in by the rest of the disciples : a generation.' At the moment when bis circumstance that arose perhaps from the disciples were exulting in the splendour of state of irritation in which their minds their city did he forewarn them of its down were left by the late predictions of their fall. While their hearts, we know, were Master, and the disappointment of all anxions to hear of the restoration of the their worldly hopes, not yet exchanged kingdom to Israel, he discoursed to them for nobler views. Such is the only ground of approachiog persecution; bade them pre on whicli we can account for their acquipare themselves for obloqay, and hatred, escence in an observation that had before and death for his name's sake; and instead called forth the reproof of Christ to Judas. of promising them earthly distinction and Mortified pride and discontented feeling felicity, told them that the disciple was made them offended at wliat must othernot above his niaster, and that as the world wise have gratified them as a mark of hobated him, so would it hate and endeavour
mage to their Lord. In this case Jesus to destroy all that bare his name. These rebuked them with peculiar emphasis, considerations must arise in the mind on adding that this act of the woman should reading the account before us, and they be recorded as a memorial of her, wherewell deserve every attention, as tending in ever the Gospel should be preached : and the most efficient manner to confirm our as before, asserting that the ointment was faith in our holy religion. The Christian prepared for his embalmment. • Bhe Church is not the work of man; and every bath anointed beforehand to the burying."" proof that it is not so, strengthens our con P. 55. fidence in the Redeemer's pronise that
he will be with that Church to the end In the third Lecture a succinct of the world, and that the gates of hell description of the Jewish method shall not prevail against it. Let me re of celebrating the Passover is exquest you to pnrsue this subject in your tracted from Dr. Hale's Analysis, private meditations." P. 53.
and applied to illustrate the circumThe minds of the disciples were
stances under which the Lord's Supnot however at the time prepared per, was instituted, and made to to appreciate the manner of our
assist in arranging the transactions Lord; and it is to the irritation of that momentous period, and eswhich his predictions at this time pecially the conduct of the traitor produced, that Bishop Sandford im. Judas. In noticing the words of putes the offence which they all
our Lori's assurance to the falling agreed in expressing, when
Peter, “I have prayed for thee that a second time thy faith fail not, and when thou art
converted, strengthen thy brethren,"
the Bishop takes occasion to re"From the scene of this solemn con" mark upon the peculiar benevolence
Lord's body was anointed.
and affectionate tenderness implied his disciples, but he condescended to exin this admonition,
plain them, and when in distinct terms be “ This is an affecting passage. Was onr
continued; I came forth from the Father self-confidence repressed with so much
and came into the world; again I leave benevolence and tenderness!
the world and go to the Father, the truth
How is Peter's transgression noticed ? By an allu
fashed upon their minds, and in joyful sion to his recovery from his fall, by pre
conviction they exclaimed, 'Lo! now scribing his duty, when he should have re
speakest thou plainly and speakest no proturned to his fidelity! How is the weak
verb; by this we believe that thou comest ness of mind, the failure of courage, which
forth from God.' Jesus answered them ; would occasion his guilt, described ? By
• Do ye now believe?' suggesting that assuring him of the powerful intercession
enough had been done before to convince that was offered for him at the throne of them; and then with equal and unspeakgrace, that he might not utterly fail, and
able wisdom and benignity, he concluded offend, by the Master whom be was so
this affectionate address to them by a cau.
tion and consolation : ' Behold the hour soon to deny. The more we consider these few words of Jesus Christ, the more
cometh, is even at hand,' when this your
confidence will be tried, and for the moshall we be penetrated with a sense of the unutterable goodness from which they pro.
ment will give way to the sudden alarm, ceeded," P. 66.
that shall assail you,' and ye shall be scat
tered every one to his own, and leave me The propriety of our Lord's allu. alone.' But your failure will be recovered; sions, the pregnancy of bis doctrine, you will return to your allegiance and and his manner of drawing instruc your duty: and then remember my parttion from existing circumstances,
ing adınodition, for these things have I can never be perfectly apprehended
spoken that in me ye might have peace, without attending to the scenery,
In the world ye shall have tribulation, but
be of good cheer, I have overcome the in which they were delivered, and world.'" P. 91. which is therefore frequently exhi Of the sublime and affecting inbited by Bishop Sandford : nor wbile
tercession which followed this last their primary force and meaning are
discourse of our Lord, of that interthus ascertained, is the preacher indifferent in their application and words and the deepest sense of all
cession, which contains the easiest improvement to those whom he addresses. The Discourse in which
the Scriptures; there is a clear our Lord calls himself the Vine, and analysis, accompanied by appropri
ate observations on its principal the disciples the Branches, John xv. xvi. is thus appropriated to the divisions, and concluding with re
marks which in these days of jeavineyards which skirted the Mount of Olives: a scene which affords lousy, and anger, and schism, are an easy and natural solution to the their importance and truth, and to
worthy to command attention by principal figures of this important allegory. The conclusion of the promote kind affections among breDiscourse, in which our Lord enters
thren by the amiable spirit which into an explanation of his words with they breathe of genuine candour
and moderation, his disciples, is connected and explained in a concise and judicious
“ I would add a few observations on paraphrase.
that portion of the prayer wbich Christ
allots to future believers. Neither pray “ With all openness and can our hie I for these (the Apostles) alove, but for again reminded then of the perils they were thein also which shall believe on me to encounter, but at the same time added, through their word.' The main subject of that the recompence of fidelity to their this intercession is, that Christians may charge would abundantly repay them in a uniformly and zealously obey the new better world. For a little while, he said, commandment' and live in candid unani. they should not see lim, when he departed mity and affection with each other.
This from the earth; but in a little while, even unity it is to be remarked, is to be exemin the short space of three days, he would plitied by conduct from the external traits be with them again for a season.
of which the observer can judge, since it pressions were mysterious and obscure to is treated by our Lord as an evidence of
the truth of the Gospel-chat mankind and to lay a restraint upon a promay onderstand his mission as really di- fane and dangerous curiosity. Of this vine. We are aware how fully this prayer mysterious nature were the agonies was accomplished in the first days of the of our Saviour in the garden, those Church, when her heathen adversaries could exclaim with admiration, How agonies which were properly called these Christians love one another! There a wotOI XOTOI xas Bucari, sorrows and existed not then those deplorable divisions, sufferings that pass the knowledge which unhappily characterize the Christian of man; and in dwelling upon these world at present. At present might it be inconceivable, these inexpressible remarked, says a recent writer, • How
woes, the Bishop proceeds with these Christians are disunited. While we lament the prejudices and the passions, pious caution, with diffidence in his that have thus mingled themselves with
own powers, with deference to the the pursuit and enquiry after truth ; while only authority, holding the judgWe confess with shame that Christianity, ment in suspence, and not pretend does not indeed discover that appearance, ing to wisdom beyond that which is which would accord with this most solemn written. The example of our Sasupplication of the Redeemer limself; viour's resignation does not require while as onr profession requires of us, wc
the same hesitation, and is placed presume not to condemn those who walk not in the same path with ourselves, let iis
in its proper light. at the same time beware of contracting
“ But whatever were the peculiar sorthat spirit of indifference to religious unity which under the abnsed names of liberality Aicted, or however aggravated, until the
rows of that agony, by whomsoever inand charity is one of the most mischievous
torture of his mind forced from his sacred enemies of our progress towards perfec- body the dreadful and almost supernatural tion. That is no matter of indifference tokens of intense and indescribable anguishi for which our Saviour supplicated heaven
within ; whatever these might be, not less in the last and most solemn night, even the night in which he was betrayed. If conspicuous and still more instructive, was
his patient and invincible resignation to God has pleased, that we should be esta
the will of his heavenly Father. · Not blished in that way which patience and
my will, but thine be done.' Doubtless candid investigation shall have lcd us hum
my brethren here is an example, that we ble to believe the right, duty enjoins us to
should follow the steps of our most holy 'hold fast our profession withont wavering,' Master. Here is a lesson which we can unbut without presumption. Divisions among derstand, and which we must pray to that brethren we must vot esteem of no import- God, whose angel strengthened the sufferance, yet must so conduct ourselves as to
ing Jésus to give us grace to practise. recommend the opinions entertained by Amidst the vicissitudes and dangers of this ourselves, not by violence of assertion, mortal condition, we must all of us exbut by the better evidence of charity and pect to be called, as he who disposes of piety and holiness of life. Chus shall we
our lives shall think most fit, to trial and best evince our zeal in the cause of truth to suffering,-pains of body or affliction and Christian union : thus best display our
of mind. We are in this world, heirs of love and obedience to that Redeemer who
our father Adam, joint heirs with our breby the inestimable sacrifice of himself has
thren of the same nature, of the physical purchased us to love and to good works.”
and moral evils, wbich sin brought into it,
In the next world we trust through Jesus As these lectures are intended as
Christ our Saviour, to be admitted as heirs a manual rather than as a work of of the second Adam, and joint inheritors
with Him who humbleth himself to call us deep theology, the author naturally brethren to a state, where evil hath no avoids the discussion of curious place. But in the present life we must questions, of which a cursory re have tribulation, the universal doom of view will always perplex the faith man; and He who hath borne it for is, rather than inform the understand- hath thereby instructed us how to bear it ing, and holds
for ourselves. His resignation was not the sublime up
mysteries of our religion as lessons from insensibility. It was a willing obedience
to the will of His heavenly Father: and which we may learn to believe in all such must be ours. He felt the trial but humbleness of mind, to be con he mastered it: and we with so affecting scious that our faculties are limited, an example before us, must likewise strive
against the impnlse of our frail and mortal traordinary care was taken of the temper, assured that the endeavour for
body after the crucifixion, as leaves his sake will not be fruitless, and that from the Spirit which enables us to say
no doubt of its identity, at the time like him, “Not my will but thine be done,'
of the resurrection. In the conclu. we shall derive as he did the strength to
sion is a remark on the distinguishact our part in the fulfilment of that will.” ing plainness of the Evangelical narP. 109.
ration, which may be applied to the The fifth Lecture concludes with regulation of our affections in the a remark, not new ivdeed, but most pursuit and investigation of the important to re-establish the faith of truth. those, whose peace has been dis
“ It is one of the most striking characturbed by the gratuitous but confi. teristics of the sacred historians, that dent assertion of the Unitarians that while they relate his actions and his disour Lord never declared his own courses, such as never man spake,' none divinity.
of those exclamations of wonder, admira
tion, and affection escape them, to which, “ I concluded my last Lecture with a as we read, we are impatient to give utremark on the attestation furnished by our terance. This simplicity of narration is a Lord's language in his prayer of interces- convincing mark of truth, especially when sion to the doctrine of his own pre-exist- combined with the unspeakable excellence ence and divinity. I shall conclude, at and wisdom of Jesus, anch az no human present, with a similar obseryation. The powers however cultivated, could invent, high priest in the most solemu form of and far less the humble fishermen of Galiadjuration, asked him and said unto bim, lee. But doth it not instruct us likewise « Art thou the Christ the Son of the Bles. to read in humility and silence, to forbear sed? And Jesus said, I am-and ye shall the attempt to enlarge on subjects, which see the Son of Man sitting at the right the heart indeed must feel, but which the hand of power, and coming in the clouds tongue of man is unequal worthily to exof heaven. For this declaration the coun press." P. 178. cil convicted him of blasphemy, and condemned him to death. Our blessed Lord
The contents of this volume are and Saviour sealed the doctrine with his properly adapted to call forth the own most precious blood. He was the solemn meditations of the Passion first martyr to its truth.” P. 126.
Week, but to the true Christian the The vacillating conduct of Pilate theme is always interesting; to him occupies the principal place in the it is always satisfactory to dwell on sixth Lecture on Good Friday) and the peculiarities which demonstrate the several passions with which he Him that came froin God, to study was agitated, and over all of which the digested history of his sufferself-interest eventually prevailed, ings for the redemption of mankind, are delineated with the clearest dis- and to contemplate the high and crimination of the sentiments, which holy example, which he hath left, he would entertain, and the conduct that we may follow his steps. la he would wish to observe as a Ro. the writings of Bishop Sandford reman, and of the accommodation of ligion' is always put' in an amiable his natural manners and sentiments and captivating form : and in this to the prejudices and practices of volume the reader will be more and the Jews, and especially to the more persuaded to love the Lord charges of blasphemy and sedition, for his goodness ; his affections will which the Jews imputed to our Lord. be exalted by the spirit of unaffectThis Lecture shews the advantages ed piety, which pervades all the which classical learning may contri- Lectures, and his mind will be inbute to the illustration of Christian structed and his faith established, truth.
by the perspicuity, with which both In the last Lecture it is shewn, the history and the discourses of that our Lord did actually expire our Lord are harmonized, and by upon the cross, and that such ex. the clear judgment and unpretend.
been bestowed in vain, and the sacred institutions of our Church will be recommended in the happiest way by the visible
ing wisdom, with which various pas Review of the Life of Archbishop sages of Scripture are illustrated
Sancroft. and explained. But the great ad. (concluded from p. 310.) vantage will be to fix his thoughts upon the chief end and object of a We quitted Archbishop Sancroft at Christian's meditations, and if from the conclusion of that interview with these he shall arise with a melan- King James, in which a declaration choly reflexion upon the degeneracy against the Prince of Orange was so of Christian practice, the Bishop's earnestly requested on one side, concluding admonition will recall and so steadily refused on the other. his reflexions to his own improve- We are now to see him as steadily ment.
refusing to take the oath of allegi
ance to King William, and submit" Sometimes when we look around us ting to be deprived of his archin the world, we may be tempted to ask: bishoprick rather than consent to Are these whom we observe engrossed by such a step. The motives which the pursuits of this generation, enslaved influenced his conduct, and the conby the gain, the pleasures, or the bonours of this fleeting day, are these aware, that sequences to which it led, are wor. they have been redeemed from sin and thy of very serious and dispassionate death not with contemptible things, but consideration. with the precious blood of Christ, as of a When London was left to itself Lamb without blemish and without spot? by the first departure of King James, Are they conscious that their vocation is to a state eternal and immutable ; that other eminent persons, was held at
a meeting of peers, magistrates, and kere they are bound as strangers and pilgrims, to use present things with a due Guildball, for the purpose of preremembrance of their uncertain tenure, serving the peace of the metropolis. and above all to “abstain from carnal Archbishop Sancroft attended this lasts," from the corruptions of an evil meeting ; and the result of it was world, ' tbat war against the soul.'
a declaration, signed by him and My brethren, in as far as conscience
twenty-seven other may suggest, such a question to ourselves, temporal peers, in which it was re
spiritual and We may have reason to fear that we are not walking worthy of the vocation, where solved, that the departure of King with we are called. May the duties of James had disappointed their hopes this holy week, the contemplations in of a free parliament; that they would which it has engaged us, the ineffable love apply to the Prince of Orange, who and mercy which it has set before us, even had undertaken “ to rescue them the love and mercy of Christ crucified,' with as little effusion as possible of awaken us if we have been betrayed into the slumber of carnal affections, and of car
Christian blood, from the imminent bal lives! May the sense and memory of all dangers of
popery and slavery;" and that has been done for us, by him, who that they would do their utmost to
poured out biş soul upto death,' that we assist him in his endeavours, and to mightlive, be attended with such impressions preserve the peace of the cities of on our hearts, that benceforward, in de- London and Westminster. The dependence upon our Redeemer, we may endeavour to walk not after the flesh claration, it is to be observed, said bat after the spirit;' assured as we are
nothing of conferring any authority that the great atonement has been offered, upon the Prince; and a proposal and the inestimable ransom paid for us,
made to that effect appears to have and that there is no condemnation to fallen to the ground without being them that are in Christ Jesus.' Then will seconded. His attendance at this peither my labour por your attention have meeting was the last public act in
which Sancroft bore à part. He
was well received by King James reformation and improvement
of her mem when that monarch was brought
back from Feversham to Whitehall;