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Lectures on the History of the Week there is in the world such general
of the Passion of our Blessed iudifference and unconcern to the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. truth, that religious knowledge and By Daniel Sandford, D.D. one practical piety would rapidly fall of the Bishops of the Scotch Epis. into decay, if they were not sus. copal Church, and formerly Stu- tained and supported by the pub. dent of Christ's Church. Oxford. lic offices and ministrations of the 12mo. Longman and Co. Church; and with especial refer.
ence to the celebration of the Lord's THERE are two principal objections, Day, it may be laid down as a which are comnionly alleged against maxim which cannot be disputed, the celebration of holy days, and that communities and individuals the appropriation of particular sea
are possessed or destitute of relisons to religious duties; the first, gious knowledge, in proportion as that they unworthily contract the that day is sanctified or neglected. spirit of Christian devotion, and the But if public worship and public second, that the precise date of the instruction are expedient, it events, which it is intended to cele
cessary to set apart times and seas brate, is unknown.
sons and places, that men may be It is obvious, that if the first oh- assembled and brought together to jection is carried to its full extent, partake of these benefits, and this it will supersede not only all sea necessity is especially recognized in sons, but all outward acis of reli.
the congregations of the Quakers, gion, and confine its exercise to the who, although their public worship abstractions of private meditation. often consists exclusively in private It will evacuate the use of the se- and silent meditation, and although venth day: it will abolish all social their assemblies are sometimes disa worship in the church and in the solved without the utterance of any family; it will restrict all piety to word, either of prayer or of exhor. the secret communion of the soul tation, do nevertheless periodically with its Maker. Whether they who meet together at a stated time and insist upon this objection are them a stated place. selves conscious of possessing this This refined objection to public pure and abstracted spirit of sup- worship in general proceeds from plication, or are disposed to ap- school, in which the Commandments prove the practice of ascetics and and the promises, while regulate the devotees, it is not necessary to in. practice of Christians is little heeded quire. That the spirit of prayer or respected, and while in principle should be constantly cherished in and profession it subtly pretends to, the heart, and that a frame and elevate the piety of Christians above temper of mind should be formed, the little superstitions of ignorance in the energy of which men may and prejudice and bigotry, it does pray always, are doctrines which in fact, withdraw men from duties cannot be disputed: but if there be which have been sanctioned, and no public and visible sign and ex
from means of grace which have pression of this temper, there is been instituted by the Redeemer reason to fear, that the inward grace himself. The second objection is may be neglected by the individual, principally patronized by the sectaand it is certain that the benefit of ries, who, while they admit the ob. the example will be lost. The great ligations of the Lord's day, and body of mankind are not susceptible the lawfulness of appropriating, at of these refined meditations, and discretion, other opportunities of
public worship and instruction, do rit may be given to them that ask nevertheless reject the appointed him. Is it a fable by which the festivals of the Church, as of hu- whole world hath been deceived, and man invention, and doubtful autho- whicb fathers for eighteen hundred rity, and unfitted to the events years, have from time to time transwhich they are designed to cele- mitted to their children? These cabrate. It is a singular exception to tholic and continued celebrations, this general argument and practice which may be traced at least from of the Sectaries, that the Quakers the second century to the present celebrate the feast of Pentecost at day, and through all the countries Whitsuntide. But if Whitsuntide of the world, are an imperishable be the proper season of cominemo- record of the truth, which confirmis rating the gift of tongues and the the faith and enlarges the love of effusion of the Holy Spirit, Easter, the believer, and which all the subon' which that feast is dependent, tlety of the sceptic can neither remust also be suited to the comme sist nor overcome. moration of our Lord's resurrection, and Good Friday to that of his cru
“ By tile ordinance of Almighty God,". cifixion.
says Bishop Sandford, “ the passover of For whether Easter be the Jewish Church was celebrated at a calculated from Whitsuntide, or certain season strikingly defined. At the Whitsuntide from Easter, the festi- self-same season we commemorate the vals' must be equally distant from passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus each other, and if the proper sea
Christ. As long as those celestial bodies son of one can be ascertained, there shall retain their course, which the Creacan remain no doubt of the proper
tor planted in the firmament of beaven,
• to be for signs and for seasons, and for season of the other.
days and for years,' so long shall mankind The ceremonies, which are known be sure that they consecrate to the memory in various parts of the world, to dis- of these wonderful events, their proper tinguish the first day of April and ecclesiastical andiversaries. This is the the first day of May, have been ur
very day on which the Passion Week beo ged'in proof of the common origin gan. The sixth day of this holy week is
that which turned its conscious light from of mankind, and may not only be the agonies of an expiring Saviour, and on viewed as an idle spectacle, but the same day that we praise God for the contemplated as an important me resurrection of our Lord and Master, did morial of the bistory of man, and He burst the bonds of death, and rise trias 'a' motive of benevolence to the umplant over the tomb. Eighteen cenwhole family of which we are mem
turies have rolled away since that resurbers. The love of Christians may deatlı purchased salvation : still each re
rection confirmed hope, and that precions be more powerfully excited when involving year beholds then brought more celebration of the great festivals sensibly before the worshipper, and sothey reflect, that in the east and in lemnized with warmer devotion as the the west, in the north and in the time of their completion returns. Nor is south, wherever the name of Christ it a trivial additon to the deep and solemn is koown, the hearts of their bres interest that mingles with such setted pe-i: thren are at the same season inspir- riods of religious service to reflect, that
by their institution, the whole Christian ed with holy joy and gratitude for world, or nearly the whole Christian world, the blessings which the comiug of is at one and the same hour engaged in Christ hath diffused in the earth, the deligbtful office of returning thanks to or humbled in the contemplation of God for the uputterable benefits of inan's biś cross and passion, or exalted by redemption. Distant from each other in us the assurance of his
space, the members of the visible Church.id resurrection, or drawn to beaven by the glories of are thus united in spirit and in feeling.
Children of one mighty family they attest his ascension, or engaged in earnest and verify their high descent, by celebrasupplication through the remem. ting to the latest generations, the sacred brance of his promise, that'his Spi: epochs of their history. A beautiful pic
ture, a blest anticipation of that more gregations in Edinburgli generally glorious and unbroken harmony, in which, consist of the higher and the educated we trust hereafter, to be joined with
classes of society, and are bound tonembers without number,' of glorified
gether by a communion of ecclesiastispirits, and just men made perfect."”. P. 6.
cal principles, of the truth of which . It is of high importance to Chris. they themselves have beeu convinced,
or which they have inherited from fatians individually, as well as in their thers, who have shewn no common social capacity as members of the zeal and fortitude in maintaining Church of Christ, that there should them. In these congregations the be a rotation and cycle of ecclesi- Wednesdays and Fridays in Lent astical offices, that the distinguish- are occupied in completing the ining doctrines of our religion may struction of the Catechumens, and be placed each in its proper light, in qualifying them for the Confirmaand that those which are of the tion which is usually administered more importance may receive the
on the Saturday before the Passion more earnest attention.
For this Week; and thus is at the same purpose, and upon this principle, time carried on a preparation for the services of the Church of Eng. the first communion, which can land are admirably constructed and hardly fail of the best effect. To arranged. The benefits of revela- these ordinary exertions the Bishop tion, the pecessity of circumspec. has for one and another year added tion, and self denial and serious
a Lecture on the several days of preparation for religious solemni- the Passion Week; and although it ties, the method of our redemption, is a painsul necessity which bas the certainty of our resurrection; obliged him to discontinue those the elevation of our affections, and Lectures, in the interest which he the promises of spiritual assistance, takes for the improvement of his are successively set forth in the celebration of Christmas, Epiphany, public, and permitted others to
congregation, he has made them Lent, the Passion Week, Easter, partake with them of the benefit of Ascension Day, and Whitsuntide, his instructions, while the intervals of these seasons are filled up with collects, epistles, “ To display the benefits which Chrisand gospels, more or less connected, tian meditation may derive from one of with the principal doctrine, which the most wise and pions institutions of it is intended to enforce. The pur
our Church; to touch the heart by guidposes of these ecclesiastical festi- ing its views to the most sublime and intevals will not be overlooked even in resting of all subjects
, and to influence
the conduct of my hearers by holding up rural districts, when the Lenten sea
to them the most perfect of all examson may be improved in directing ples, formed the original purpose of the the thoughts to him who giveth seed following Lectures. They were compa. to the sower, and bread to the eater, sed for the use of the congregation to while in the metropolis the career
which they were delivered, and I did not of giddiness and folly may be power for them. But the illness which prevents
at first contemplate any wider circulation fully arrested by the proper appli- my wonted discharge of the offices of this cation of the same season, as was
holy season has suggested the propriety seen in
very critical period, by the of doing soniething to testifiy my earnest powerful impression which was pro- desire of being useful to those whose reduced by the Lectures of Bishop ligious instruction is at once my duty and Porteus.
my delight. In the hours of saffering and In the Episcopal Church of the sickness, with which it has pleased God to northern metropolis there is the their most important interests. As a na.
visit me, I would not willingly neglect most reverent celebration of these nual for the Passion Week, these Lectures holy seasons. The episcopal con, may prove of advantage to them. Their
perasal may be advantageous to all whose the Tuesday in Passion Week furminds it shall direct to the closer study of nish many more subjects of conthose mysterious, and affecting topics, templation, than the three first days which are connected with the redemption of the week.” The events of the of mankind. Nothing can be finally nse. less which tends to animate our devotion, three first days are therefore comto increase our gratitude, and to confirm prehended in the first Lecture. The our humility." P. vi.
second Lecture embraces the his***. l'he subject of these Lectures, tory of the fourth day or the Wedthe purpose for which they were nesday of the Passion Week, and coinposed, and the circumstances the discourses which our Lord deliunder which they are offered to the vered upon that day. The third public, all combine in exciting a
Lecture is devoted to the early part strong interest in their behalf. Who- of the fifth day, or Thursday, and ever has seriously considered the se- especially to the celebration of the veral passages of the New Testament, Passover, the institution of the selected in our Church for the service Lord's Supper, and the delivery of of the Passion Week, must know that the new commandment of mutual they comprehend all the various de- love. In the fourth Lecture are tails of that most affecting and in- considered the discourse of our teresting history of the cross and Lord with his disciples as he passed passion of our Lord. It is the pur- to the Mount of Olives, and his pose of Bishop Sandford to arrange intercession (John xvii.) delivered on these several details in a methodi. the last awful night, which closed cal and harmonious narrative, and the fifth day of the Passion Week. to intersperse such reflections, whe- The fifth Lecture follows up the oc. ther practical or expository, as may
currences of the same night; our tend to improve the understauding Lord's agony in the garden, his apand to mend the heart in the con- prehension through the treachery of templation of them. The Lectures Judas, his accusation before Annas fare constructed in conforinity with and Caiaphas, the denial and re" the Harmony of the Passiou pentance of Peter, and the exemWeek,” in Doctor Hales's Analysis plary patience of our Lord under the of Chronology, which is prefixed to contradiction of sinners. The sixth the volume, and appears to have Lecture enters into the proper events been circulated among the congre- of the day, Good Friday; the acgation, at the time of their deli- cusation of our Lord before Pilate, yery. The History of the Passion the conduct of Pilate, the fate of Week,” arranged principally from Iscariot, the crucifixion of our Lord, Doctor White's Diatessaron, is an
with all its circumstances of pain, ñexed, and the Bishop has “rea. and grief, and woe. The seventh *son to believe that this portion of Lecture on Easter-eve, derives from the work will be useful and accept- the method of our Lord's death and able to many of his readers." burial, proof illustrative and corro
There are seven discourses in the borative of his resurrection. Volume which were preached in the The substance of these Lectures several days of the Passion Week, might have been anticipated from commencing with the Sunday before the title without this summary of Easter, and ending with Easter-eve. their contents, but to this briet view The Lectures are not, however, oc
of the order and occasion of the cupied with the peculiar events, as publication, it will be proper to add they liappened on each succeeding some specimens of the execution. day of the week, for it will be ob The general style of the matter and vious to any one who considers the the manner may be easily.conjecscriptural history of this period, tured from the character of the con"that the three days subsequent tó gregation for whose use they were REMEMBRANCER, No. 30.
originally prepared. They are plain a direct affirmation of his claim to the and unembarrassed, for the hearers character of the Messiah : an assertion were young: they are at the same repeated by him in another quotation from time elegant in the language and al-Holy Scripture, when the chief priests and
scribes, offended at the acclamations of the lusions, for the hearers were accom.
children, vented their spleen in the quesplished; and they abound with re
tion, Hearest thou what these say?' and Hections calculated to interest the lie replied by referriug them to the eighth attention, and confirm the faith, Psalm, which we have the authority of St. and exalt the piety both of those Paul for considering as a prediction of the who heard, and of those who shall Christ.” P. 21. read them.
It was the peculiar practice of our It is a principal purpose of these Lord to draw his instructions from Lectures to methodize the history the subject before him, and the cirof our Lord at this awful period, cumstances under which he foretold and especially to trace the order and the fall of Jerusalem are exhibited by connection of his Discourses, and Bishop Sandford in that manner of to throw new light upon them, by composition which is the distinguishpointing out the circumstances to ing character of Livy, and has been which he may be supposed to have properly called graphic; or painting alluded. It is thus that his words by words, which they who read may concerning the admission of the imagine themselves to be present Gentiles into the house of prayer, at the scene wbich is placed before receive increased force, from ascer
them. taining the spot upon which they
“ As Jesus proceeded to the Mount of they were delivered, and the autho- Olives, on his return to Bethany, le paused, rity with wbich he acted.
and from that commanding situatiop snr“Having pronounced this sentence on
veyed the pride and glory of the Jews. the barren tree, Jesus proceeded to the
The Temple lay beneath him : his faithful city, aod entering the Temple a secoud
followers yet uninstructed in the real bature time, cast out those who polluted the outer of their master's kingdom, and probably court with their traffic, most indecently in their thoughts contemplating a time, carried on within its sacred walls. This when under his dominion Jerusalem should action was performed by our Lord as a
be mistress of the world and this its holy Prophet. It was a significant token that
ornament, the wonder of every eye, with the-Gentiles, to the proselytes from whom
exultation pointed to the edifice :: Master, this court was appropriated, were here
see what manner of stones and what buildafter to be admitted to an equal partici- ings are here !' was the natural effusion of pation of the Divine favour with the closen a patriotic delight, and Jesus said unto people. “ My house shall be called of all them, See ye all these things? Verily I nations the house of prayer." Significant say unto you, there shall not be left here actions were often used by the prophets
one stone upon another, which shall not under the law; and it has been well ob- be thrown down! Alarmed at a denunciaserved that the chief priests and rulers tion so awful in its language, and so fatal must have considered our Saviour's casting to the hopes which they nourished, the the buyers and sellers out of the Temple disciples pressed for further information. in this light, and therefore made no resist
Tell us when shall these things be, and ance to him, although highly displeased at
what shall be the signs of thy coming and the evident purpose of his action, and at
of the end of the world. P. 48. his influence with the people. In the present instance, Jesus was pleased, as St. choice of the time selected for the
There was a peculiarity in the Matthew relates, to produce from this the incontrovertible evidence of his prophetic delivery of these predictions, which mission by healing “ many blind and lame
cannot be reconciled with any nowho were bronght to him in the Temple :" tions of human policy and address, and it is to be remarked that this second and which indirectly proves the diexertion of his authority was accompa- vine origin and authority of our faith. nied with severe rebukes, uttered in the language of Isaiah, of which he asserted “Never man spake like this man. It the accomplishment in himself, Here was is very common in enumerating the proofs