« הקודםהמשך »
simple labours of these men with I have said ' unmerited obscurity,' unfeigned sentiments of gratitude for such to me it appears; I seem and respect.
to see in many of them passages of To this brief sketch of some of considerable beauty: and notwiththe earlier versifications of the standing the stiffness characteristic psalms, I beg to add a few words of the poetry of that day, there is concerning a translation of them often peculiar happiness of expreslittle known amongst us, because it sion, a nerve and energy, a poetic has never yet been communicated to spirit that might have disarmed, the world through the medium of even if it could not extort praise the press. The version to which I from, the fastidious Warton himself. allude, is that by Sir Philip Sidney, But, in order that this my own inor as Ballard and some others main- dividual opinion may be confirmed tain, the joint production of bim or refuted at once, I proceed to and his accomplished sister the present the reader with two or three Countess of Pembroke.
specimens, taken from a manuscript How, or by what strange means of which I have very lately become it has happened, that this version possessed. It contains the entire has slept in unmerited obscurity for Psalter in the regular order, written nearly two centuries and a half, I in various metres; among which is am utterly at a loss to divine : more found the hexameter, a species of especially as within the last fifteen verse, which, in spite of all the ator twenty years there has been no tempts to introduce it into our lan. little mania for bringing into public guage, from Fraunce and Stanihurst notice, the unknown or forgotten down to Southey, will never beworks of the poets who flourished come popular with a correct taste in the days of Elizabeth. Will it and ear: of this, however, there are be thought an answer, to say, that very few specimens in the book. all this was done by gentlemen, by
« PSALM Ixvii. amateurs, by collectors ? who laid
1. down to themselves a narrow path, “ God! on us thy mercies shewe, that of giving again to the world make on us thy blessings flow, what it had once possessed before, thy face's beames and that from this they were unwil from heav'n upon us shoure ling to depart? What had been once
in shining streames,
that all may see edited, might be edited again: but as this work of Sir Philip Sidney
the way of thee
aud know thy saving power. had never been printed, it was clear
2. that no reprint of it could be made. “ God! the nations praise thee sliall, The psalms of George Wither have thee shall praise the nations all ; again been laid before a few at
to mirth and joye least of the public; but those of Sir
all such as earth possess
shall them imploy; Philip Sidney are still unseen and
for thou their guide unknown *.
go'st never wide
“ PSALM Xciji. * Psalm cxxxvii, was given in Number
1. 18 of the Guardian ; seven others, sup “ Cloth'd in state and girt with might posed to be the composition of the Coun Monarch-like Jehovah reignes, tess of Pembroke, were given in Sir John. He who earth's foundations pight, Harrington's “ Nugæ Antiquæ," and two pight at first, and yet sustaines : at the end of Zouch's “ Life of Sir Philip He whose stable throne disdaines Sidney." With the exception of these I Mocion's shock, and ages flight; do not know that any portion has ever He who endless One remaines, appeared in print.
One the same in changeless pliglit,
2. " Rivers you, though rivers rore,
“ Now while our harpes were hanged so roaring though sea-billowes rise,
the men whose captives then we lay rex the deep, and break the shore,
did on our grief insulting grow stronger art Thou, Lord of skies !
and more to grieve us thus did say, firme and true thy promise ties
you that of musick make such show, now and still as heretofore;
come sing us now a Sion laie: holy worship never dies
() no! we have nor voice nor hand in thy honse where we adore."
for such a song in such a land. " PSALM cv. v. 39. At their desire He
3. brought quails, &c.
“ Though far I lye, sweet Sion hill, “ Brought from his store at snit of Israel in forraine soile exil'd from thee, Quailes in whole beavies each remove yet let my hand forget his skill pursue ;
if ever thou forgotten bee: Himself from skyes, their hunger to repell yea let my tongue fast glewed still Candies the grass with sweet congealed unto my roof ly mute in me, dew.
if thy neglect in me do spring; He wounds the rock; the rock doth or ought I doe, but Salem sing. wounded swell
4. swelling affords new streams to chanels “ But thon, ô Lord, wilt not forget new;
to quit the paines of Edom's race, All, for God's mindfull will cannot be who causelessly yet hotly set driven
thy holy citie to deface: from sacred word once to his Abram thuis did the bloodie victors whet given."
what time they entred tirst the place : The description of the manna, in
downe, downe with it at any hand, the fourth line of this stanza, strikes
make all flat plaine, let nothing stand.
5. me as exceedingly beautiful both in
“ And Babylon that didst us wast idea and expression. Michael Dray thyself shall one day wasted bee, ton, in his poem of “ Moses' Birth and happie he who wliat tliou bast and Miracles," seems to have bor to others done shall do to thee: rowed the language. He thus ren
like bitterness shall make thee tast ders the passage:
like wofull objects make thee see,
yea happie wlio thy little ones “ When clouds of quailes from the Ara shall take and dash against the stones."
bian shore upon the camp immediately are sent, This latter psalm, although a fine which came so long, and in such marv'lous one, it may be thought that I might store
well have omitted, since it has had that with their flight they smother'd every
the singular advantage above its tent.
fellows, of having been twice printThis glads the evening, each unto his rest, with souls e'en sated with these dainty cates: Guardian, and again
at the end of
ed. Once in Number 18 of The and the great goodnesse of the Lord confest,
Zouch's life of Sir Philip. Sidney. that in like measure each participates. This very circumstance, however, The morne strews Manna all about the has added to my reasons for prohost
ducing it here, in order that the (the meate of angels) mortals to refresh,
variations between the manuscripts candying the freshe grasse as the winter's
from which it was before printed, frost, never such bread unto so dainty flesh." and my own, may be perceived: and “ PSALM CXxxvii.
that should hereafter any person 1.
feel disposed to put the whole verNigh seated where the river flowes
sion in print, he may be aware that that wat'reth Babel's thankfulle plaine a collation of several manuscripts which then our tears in pearled rowes
will be desirable, if not absolutely did help to water with their raine, the thought of Sion bred such woes
necessary, for his work. that though our harps we did retaine
H, COTTON Yet useless and untouched there ou willowes opely bapg'd they were,
Oxford, April 12,
but I must confess myself wholly We have received several commu. unprepared to meet with statements nications upon the subject of the admitted to your pages, in which a Essays of N. R. which have ap- crude and indigested hypothesis, peared in the three last numbers of evidently framed without any suffithis publication. One of these com- cient acquaintance either with curmunications was inserted in No. 29, rent opinions, or standard authori. and the following has been since ties, on the subject referred to, and received. The writers appear to with a palpable misconception of have mistaken N. R.'s meaning the whole matter in dispute, stands We were aware that he had exe directly opposed (as to me at least pressed himself in an unusal man- it appears), to the very letter of our ner; and we by no means think that articles—to the spirit of all our rehis expressions are the best that ligious formularies—and to the excould have been selected: but his press doctrines, not of one party papers were calculated to call the alone, but of all who have hitherto attention of our readers to a subject been recognized as bearing any which is at the bottom of all the dis- weight among the writers connected putes between modern Churchmen; with our establishment. and we saw no reason to refuse them I would not willingly deal harshly a place in our miscellany. We shall with any writer, however I might also readily publish any remarks feel inclined to controvert his opiwith which we may be favoured, nions; yet there are cases in which either in reprobation or in defence nothing less than the exposure of the of these Essays; and shall hereafter complete incompetency of those take the liberty of reviewing the who rashly thrust themselves forwhole.
ward into the field of controverORIGINAL SIN.
sy, can afford any sufficient corTo the Editor of the Remembrancer. intrusion ; altogether upprepared as
rective to the evils produced by their SIR,
they are with the requisite armour That it is the constant effect of of proof. What can I say then of exaggerated statement on one side, one, who attempting a subject, reto produce in its re-action an equal quiring, above all others, clearness exaggeration in a contrary direction, of conception and precision of is a truth too trite to require repeti- statement, conveys his opinions in tion ; but I do not remember ever
such paragraph as the following: to have met with a proof of it so
“ By righteousness understanding relivery striking as is afforded in the
gion, and by religion Christianity, the essay
“ On Eamity to God by Na whole system of that, rightly contemplated, ture," with which your last number is a proof of this: and is itself proved to
I fully admit, that be the work of the same Creator, by the much of injudicious overstatement
remarkable correspondence, and the exact has occasionally, at least, appeared
resemblance which subsist between them." in the writings of ope party, with These propositions I certainly do respect to those most important and not mean to dispute, because I find fundamental questions in religion it perfectly impossible to attach any (for such, in truth, they are) which kind of meaning to them. I feel, form the subject of your corres.
indeed, in transcribing them, that pondent's remarks; from the com it may naturally be supposed that I mon principle above adverted to, I have acted untairly in suppressing might, therefore, have been rea. some connecting part which might sonably prepared to find some ten have given sense and consistency to dency to run into a contrary excess; the chaotic mass; but those who
will consult the original, will find it ser inconsistency of the passage in a vain attempt to seek for elucida- which it is allowed, that we are by tion in any thing which either goes the very terms of that nature which before or follows after. The same God gives us, since Adam's fall, obscurity pervades so much of your prone to sin ; which is obviously correspondent's argument, that I contradictory to the whole hyposhall not pretend to follow it, but 'thesis. content myself by shewing, that In the second place, this hyposuch a task is rendered quite super- thesis involves a total misconception duous by the direct contradiction of the matter in dispute, inasmuch, which his conclusions present to all as no one ever did ascribe corrupthe most respected authorities of our tion to human nature, as it origiChurch, boib ancient and modern; nally proceeded from the hands of and that they involve an entire mis- its maker; for the Supralapsarian conception of the opinions which he himself, though, perhaps, somebelieves himself to be opposing. what inconsistently, would regard
These conclusions, if I rightly such a notion with horror. The subapprehend them (which, from the sequent corruption of that nature, causes above stated), I dare hardly and our own participation in that positively assert, may be reduced to corruption, are points to which we these two propositions.
feel ourselves compelled to assent, 1. That human nature, employing equally by the incontrovertible testhat term in its proper and strict timony of God's revealed word and sense, being, “ that by which we our own personal experience; nor are what we are by God's appoint- will the various metaphysical diffiment,” is not and cannot be “ op- culties with which every sciolist posite to God's will,” or “ adverse knows the great question of the to true religion,” or have implanted original introduction of evil, to be in it any “ seeds of evil."
embarrassed, in the least counterII. That whenever such charact- vail these positive and decisive auers are ascribed to human nature, thorities; although they certainly the term is employed loosely “ only ought to prevent a writer, obviously a subordinate nature, or habitual little acquainted with them, from usage, is, in fact intended,” super- rashly obtruding an opinion on the induced " by bad examples, bad subject. suggestions, bad habits, of our own I now proceed to that which is, acquirement,” &c.
in fact, the primary point at issue In the first place this hypothesis between myself and your corresis evidently inconsistent with itself; pondent, namely the total contrafor if there be no original taint, diction which all the received authowhence arises all this subsequent rities of the Church oppose to his contamination? Dober to xarov ; can hypothesis, he bimself modestly the innocent infect the ingocent, or charges excess of statement," will the spontaneous workings of against the Homilies ; and my only an healthy mass generate contagion? wonder is how, with his views, he or how is it that we so readily ac: failed to include the Articles, the quire for ourselves these bad ha- Liturgy, and all our standard dibits? Again, in another place, the vines, in the same accusation. I necessity of God's grace to support am fully aware, indeed, that many us against temptation is admitted ; different shades of opinion have but a moment's reflection must shew, been entertained by the most re. that it is the original depravation of spectable authorities, as to the preour natural powers alone which can cise extent and effects of that origirender supernatural assistance thús nal corruption of our nature which indispensable. I omit the still grow it has ever been admitted, on all
hands, that the formularies of our scheme, I subjoin an extract from Church constantly assert or imply an admirable discourse of the prethroughout their whole fabric; but sent Bishop of Killaloe, a writer I am, at the same time, quite pre- who cannot be suspected of having pared to prove, that the most mode. handled this subject inadvertently, rate view which has ever been advo- or with a mind uninstructed in the cated by any known authority in our controverted points with which it is Establishment, is as remote from connected. the liypothesis of your correspond. “ It is the property of the holy ent on the one hand, as from the scriptures to open the eyes of man most exaggerated statements of ul- upon his real situation; and to contra Calvinism on the other.
vince him of the errors with respect It is simply necessary, in order to to his own nature and powers which prove the justice of this animadver- in his unenlightened state he is sion, to compare the words of the found to etertain. Philosophy, that article dedicated expressly to this philosophy I mean, falsely so calsubject, with the terms of your cor- led, which would fain be esteemed respondent's hypothesis. « Original superior to Revelation, is fond of Sio, is the fault and corruption of descanting upon the dignity and inthe nature of every man that natu- dependence of man; revealed relirally is engendered of the offspring gion, especially the Christian reli. of Adam, whereby man is very far gion, presents us with a very differgone from original righteousness, ent picture, it teaches us that our and is of his own nature inclined to nature is essentially faulty, and that evil; therefore, in every person born as men we are compassed with infirinto this world, it deserveth God's mity; spoiled through philosophy wrath and damnation.” After this and vain deceit, after the tradition it is surely unnecessary to proceed; of men, after the rudiments of the here is nothing like a secondary pa- world, we adopt the self-sufficient ture, superinduced by bad habit or language of the church of the Lao. example; the subject of these start- diceans, and say, I am rich, I ling predicates is human nature am increased with goods, and have strictly so called ; that which is va need of nothing.' Instructed in the turally engendered in the whole race truth after Christ, rooted and built of Adam; that with which every up in him, and stablished in the person is born into the world ; if the faith we are taught to · know that article had been constructed for the we are wretched, and miserable, and very purpose of condemning your poor, and blind, and naked;' we correspondent's hopothesis, instead are thereby taught, that we are not of the heresy of Pelagius only (which sufficient of ourselves to think or do was, in truth, the same thing, under any good thing as of ourselves ; we a somewhat less extravagant form) are particularly reminded, that in it could not have been more ex us, that is in our flesh, in our oripressly worded.
ginal nature, there dwelleth no good It is with pleasure that I refer to ihing.”—Bp. Mant's Parochial Serthe commentary of Bishop Tomline mons, Vol. III. p. 333. on this article to prove, that it is by The prejudice with which this no means necessary to be Calvinis- doctrine is so often received, tịcally inclined in order to differ toto to arise (next to the influence of that cælo with your correspondent. natural pride which it so sensibly
To prove further, if further proof mortifies) from an erroneous concepbe requisite, that the views of all tion of its real bearing and extent ; sound 'Churchmen on this subject and the idea, that it necessarily in, are uniformly (whatever minor dif- volves the total denial of our natural ferences may exist amongst them) capacity to perforng any generous or opposed to this ultra Pelagian amiable social actions. °I will not,