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serves among his people.” The through Christ, by its effect upon the particular instances enlarged upon, hearts and lives of those wlao receive it. are the applicability of the Gospel Yes-il cannot but encourage the Minis. doctrine to the various conditions ter in maintaining that doctrine which has of men, the good effects that it heen emphatically described as the test
of a flourishing or a falling Church, when produces upon all by whom it is he finds that those who must simply look seriously embraced, and the pecu up to Christ for pardon, are those who liar force of the doctrines of atone. inost steadily persevere in the ways of ment and reconciliation contrasted Christian holiness ; that in proportion as with the inefficiency of mere moral they trust in him, as having reconciled teaching. The truth of these po
them to God by his blood, they become sitions cannot possibly be denied; their calling and election sure ; and (if
both more anxious and more able to make but the greater part of them have in speaking of the Creator I may borrow been already urged under the pre an image from the creature) the more ceding heads. What was it that clearly we represent Jesus Christ as the gave effect to the labours of in- Sun of onr religious system, so much the structing the young, but the power
more brightly do the rays of holiness emaful and peculiar doctrines with
nate from his glory, and reflect light upon
the path of the Christian.” P. 22. which through these labours they became familiar, and which taught As this sentence is followed up by them to seek so that they might find ? Again, the encouragement
an exposure of the inefficacy of to be derived from the repentance fence of the necessity and certainty
mere moral philosophy, and a deand amendment of an aged offen- of spiritual assistance, it cannot der, formed the second head of fairly be construed to mean more Mr. Sumner's argument, and in un
than every Churchman would adfolding it, he has not only dwelt
mit. The Socinian, open, or con. upon the value of the human soul,
cealed, is the only controversialist and upon the terrors whi wait
to which it is opposed. But there it in its impenitent state ; but he has also particularly described the which when separated from the con
are several phrases contained in it, whole progress of conversion. It
text, would be claimed with shouts appears, therefore, to us, that it is of triumph by the Calvinist and the little better than a useless repe
Evangelical. “ Those who most sim. tition, to say that the Christian minister
ply look up to Christ for pardon.” also be encouraged by None do this more simply than the
may perceiving the fitness and efficacy advocates for unconditional elecof his faith to preserve and esta• tion; but that these persons are blish the young, or to soften and
“ those who most steadily perseamend the aged. That fitness had
vere in the ways of Christian holialready been assumed; for without it, ness," is a fact which is asserted the effects pourtrayed could never much oftener than it is proved. have been produced. Their production is one genuine source of encourage
“ In proportion as they trust in ment to their minister; but surely God by his blood, they become
him as having reconciled them to Mr. Sumner must be mistaken in
both more anxious and more able thinking that it is two sources.
to make their calling and election We have another remark to offer
sure.” To speak of various deupon this portion of the discourse; and one which involves subjects of of proportionate willingness, and
of trust grees
in Christ, and greater importance than a mere in- ability to serve him, is not a very accuracy of division.
definite or well authorised form of “ I will confine myself to one more speech. · The Calvinist may easily point-the confirmation of the leading ar- affirm, that he trusts in his. Saticle of our reformed faith, Justification viour more implicitly than others :
he will infer that lie has more rea Rer. Joseph Wilson, A.M. on the diness and power to follow him; Questions proposed by Herbert and may conceive that in this opi Marsh, D.D. Lord Bishop of Penion be is supported and confirmed "" terborough, to the Candidates for by our highly esteemed preacher. We Holy Orders ; with a brief Com. are very far from belicving that this ment on the leading Tenets of the latter opinion would be correct; it Calvinistic Methodists, shewing certainly is not borne out by the rest them to be incompatible with the of the discourse—but we lament that Christian Dispensation : also the a single passage or expression should Questions proposed by the Lord occur, which can either be per Bishop of Peterborough. By a verted or misunderstood ; and that Layman. Bro. pp. 59. Rivingtons. the modern enthusiast and sectary 182:). should receive even the appearance A Refutation of the Objections and of encouragement from the exam vanced by the Rer. Joseph Wilson, ple or authority of Mr. Sumner. A.M. against the Questions pro
posed to Candidates for Holy Orders, by Herbert Marsh, D.D.
F.R S. Lord Bishop of PeterboEpiscopal Innovation, or the Test of rough, and Lady Margaret Pro. Modern Orthodory, in eighty. fessor of Divinity, Cambridge. serer Questions imposed as Articles 8vo. Pp. 32. Rivingtons. 1820. of Faith, upon Candidates for A Charge delivered at the Primary Licences and Holy Orders, in the Visitation of Herbert Lord BiDiocese of Peterborough, with a shop of Peterborough in July, Distinct Answer to each Ques 1820; with an Appendix containtion, and general Reflections re ing some Remarks on the Modern lative to their illegal Structure and Custom of singing in our Churches pernicious Tendency. 12mo. pp.
unauthorized Psalms and Hymns. 120. Seely. 1820.
8vo. pp. 38. Rivingtons. 1820.' The Legality of the Questions pro. Salvation by Grace. A Sermon posed by Dr. Herbert Marsh, the preached at the Visitation of the
Bishop of Peterborough, to Can Archdeacon of Middlesex at Dun. didates for Holy Orders within
mow, on Thursday, June 10th, that Diocese, considered as usurp:
1819, by the Rev. Henry Budd, ing the Place of an established M.A. Chaplain of Bridewell Hos.
Test. 8vo. pp. 29. Seeley. 1820. pital, Minister of Bridewell PreA Reply to a Pamphlet, entitled cinct, and Rector of White Booth the Legality of the Questions pro ing, Essex. 8vo. pp. 95. Rivingposed by Dr. Herbert Marsh, tons. 1820. Lord Bishop of Peterborough, to Candidates for Holy Orders within The Questions proposed by the that Diocese, considered. Bye Bishop of Peterborough, to candiLayman. Hvo. pp. 20. Rivingtons. dates for holy orders, and to curates
applying for licences in his diocese, Remarks upon the eighty-seven Ques- were inserted in the last Number of
tions proposed by Herbert Marsh, the Christian Remembrancer withD.D. Lord Bishop of Peterbo- out any intention of soliciting favour rough, to Candidates for Holy toward them, or of anticipating the Orders, and to those in Orders, judgment, which it might be neceswho apply for a Licence to a cu- sary to pronounce on their merits or racy in kis Diocese. By the Rer. defects. They were inserted partly Joseph Wilson. A.M. 8vo. pp. 69. to gratify the curiosity of many who
had not seen them, and who could 4 Refutation of the Remarks by the hardly be ignorant of the strong REMEMBRANCER, No. 25.
feeling which they had called forth, and grammatical sense of our Articles,' but priucipally to enable the re and by consequence against the true gosflecting reader to form a private and pel of the grace of God.' His Lordship's unbiassed opinion concerning them, of the less spiritual systems of many of
is only an ingenionsly constructed epitome and gradually to introduce him to
the orthodox divines of great repntation in the controversy, in which it is more
the present day; and does not differ esour duty than our pleasure to inter sentially, or perhaps even circumstantially fere.
from the lowest part of a late Bishop of The titles of the several pam- Lincoln's anti-calvinism. And we conceive: phlets prefixed to the present article, that there is not found in our language 80 sufficiently evince the nature of the complete an answer to their system genecontroversy, and the extent to which rally, in so short a compass.” Adv.p.v. it has been carried. Of the spirit If the force of the Italics and the and temper with which it has been inverted commas is not always apconducted, it is hardly possible to prehended, the complacency of the form an adequate conception, with- writer at least will not be overout a perusal of the pamphlets looked. themselves : and it is an act of cha “ The Legality of the Questions" rity, due to all who have engaged in is argued alınost exclusively upon the contest, to produce no other the royal declaration prefixed to the specimens than necessarily arise in Thirty-nine Articles, without referdiscussing the more important mat ence to any thing which hath proters in debate, after a cursory view perly the authority of law upon the of the several tracts shall have been subject. “A Layman” in his “relaid before the reader.
ply" to this pamphlet, which he ap"The tract entitled “ Episcopal prehends to have been zealously Innovation,” was originally publish- circulated and cordially approved ed in the Christian Guardian. The among the Calvinistic Methodists, writer undertakes to supply a dis- fails to supply the legal information tinct answer to the several questions which the case requires, and in this proposed by the bishop, according respect at least leaves the controto his view of the doctrine which versy as he found it. they involve, and to confirm his an In Mr. Wilson's “ Remarks," the swers by testimonies not from the Bishop's questions are pronounced Scriptures, but the Homilies; and to be" virtually and to all practical he concludes with general observa- purposes, new articles of faith,” to tions upon the assuměð effect of be added to the 'Thirty-nine Articles, the questions proposed. The defi- and intended to supersede them. He ciency of Scriptural proof is sup- charges the Bishop with introducing plied by a singular vehemence of in an unauthorized particularity into vective; and there is an air of offi- the Articles; he disputes the discial authority pervading the whole cretionary right of the Bishop to composition. Let the reader de- examine the candidate, especially termine,, whether in the following upon points which he considers him laudatory language, it is the writer incompetent to answer, and be offers who recommends his own answers,
no indirect insinuations against the or the editor who proclaims the merit yoke of Peterborough, and the asof his anonymous correspondent. sumption of Papal, and more than
Papal, infallibility. He afterwards " We have only bere to say with respect to the following answer to his Lord of some of the Bishop's questions,
enters upon a particular examination ship's 'questions,' that it may be considered as a brief, and we hope satisfactory especially those which treat of rereply to most of the popular cavils anch demption, original sin, justification objections, which are commonly made by faith, and regeneration. In this against the doctrines found in the literal examination his vehemence usually
exceeds his temper, and his whole possible that a Bishop may be mis. pamphlet exhibits more of the acri- taken in his interpretation of the mony of the polemic, than of the Articles, but it is hardly possible, saber convincing argumentation of that a Bishop should deliberately the Christian divine.
propose to perplex the understand The “
“ Layman" is frequently ing, or pervert the faith of a candihappy in his “ Refutation" of Mr. date, when he ostensibly professes Wilson's remarks, in disproving his no other end or object in his examidogmatical assertions, and in expos- nation, than " to ascertain the spirit ing the temerity of his gratuitous as and intention with which he means sumptions.
to subscribe the Articles, and to There is another pamphlet, pro. satisfy himself that the doctrines of fessing to be a “Refutation" of Mr. the candidate are in perfect unison Wilson's remarks, which might bear with the doctrines of the Church, any other title with equal propriety, as the Bishop expresses himself in and of which the advertisement in the directions for answering the some of the papers was so artfully questions. xt up, as to suggest a belief that It is assumed by the adversaries the Bishop had entered upon the of the Bishop, that the questions defence of his own questions. The are new articles of faith, imposed, reader will not be deceived.
or intended to be imposed upon the The Bishop, in a note to his candidates, who are required to an
Primary Charge," defends the swer thein. The charge might be ground upon which he puts the ques. maintained if they had been drawn tions, particularly to curates apply- up in the form of distinct proposis ing for a licence, Mr. Budd's Ser- tions, to which the candidates were mon has no other connection with enjoined to assent.
But they are the present controversy, than as it not propositions, but questions; and is a summary of the Calvinistic doc- although the Bishop requires that trine maintained by certain ministers the answers shall be “ full, clear, of the Church of England. and unequivocal," a question does
The principal points of contro. in its very nature admit a variety of versy discussed in these pamphlets reply, and an answer is not therefore are: 1. the legality of proposing the unsatisfactory, because it is not prequestions; 2. the orthodoxy and cisely the answer which the inquirer truth of the doctrines involved in intended to elicit.
The various these questions; and lastly, the ex- modes of answering a question, ac pedience of issuing the questious. cording to the different views which We proceed to investigate these se- the respondent takes of the questeral topics.
tion, and without incurring any susThere is no reader who needs to picion of intentional evasion, may be informed, that the Articles cannot be seen on every occasion of public be honestly subscribed, except in examination, and in the case immether “ plain and full meaning,” in diately before us we shall hereafter
« literal and grammatical show, that some of the Bishop's sense" There are many occasions questions can only be indirectly au. upon which the Bishop is required swered, and that the answer shal to demand this unequivocal and cor nevertheless be “ full, clear, and dial schscription, and it is in the unequivocal.” Such questions the highest legree udjust and uncharita- Bishop is justified in asking, and in ble, to suppose that any Bisbop requiring an answer either in writing would all.w, or connive at, or en or vivá voce. Mr, Wilson calls this deavour to produce, la subscription right in question, and as he ex. 5f any otbr character. It is very presses the sum and substance of
the objections, advanced against the account of his faith in Latin according to legality of the Bishop's proceeding, the a ticles of religion, approved in the it will be proper to recite his words: synod of the bishops and clergy of this
realm, one thousand five hundred sixty and “But his lordship may, and no doubt will two, and to confirm the same by sufficient reply; I neither propose por impose my testimonies out of the Holy Scriptures." eighty-seven questions as Articles of Faith; Here is the subject of examination specibut as my mode of examination, and by the fied, and it keeps close to the Thirty-nine forty-eighth canon, I have a right to exa Articles as now constructed, and not as mine not only those who are candidates for Bishop Marsh may alter the construction, holy orders, but those also who apply for or increase the nuniber of them. To exaficences to curacies.
unine otherwise is contrary to the Canons, But of what are the eighty-seven and illegal." Wilson, p. 18—20. qnestions an examination ? NOT OF A PERSON'S COMPETENCY FOR THE DUE prs
It is, we believe, the ordinary CHAROB OF HIS MINISTERIAL FUNCTIONS; practice of our Bishops to recom. BUT OF HIS FAITH UN CERTAIN POINTS OF mend certain standard works in DIVINITY. Now what a man's faith should theology to the attention of candibe, the Church of England las decided in dates for orders, and to make inber Thirty-vine Articles full 250 years ago: nor bas she ever since altered her standard quiry into their proficiency in theoof doctrine. An examination therefore of logical studies, and especially into a person's faith ought to'be by no other their acquaintance with the Greek standard than the Thirty-nine Articles : any Testament, before they proceed to thing more on the subject of faith, is an ordain them. This is a wide deusurpation of authority and power, and the parture from the restricted examina, imposing of a yoke on men's consciences. tion, wbich Mr. Wilson represents A person utterly incompetent to the discharge of the ministerial functions, miglit in behalf of which he appeals to the
as the only legal examination, and answer the questions to his Lordship's sá. tisfaction; for a dumb man miglit do it in canons of the Church. Upon this writing as he requires. However then point we are at issue with him. his Lordship may take shelter, and rest bis Mr. Wilson will probably admit, defence under the word examination, and that nothing is illegal, which is not the forty-eighth canon; yet still I contend; contrary to law, and that whatever that the eighty-seven questions are to all practical purposes new articles of Faith. is agreeable to law is legal. Now As a mode of examination of a man's abi- by the act 13 Elizabeth c. xji, s. 5. lity and qualifications for the office of the which either designedly or ignorantly Christian ministry, as I sball show speedily, is overlooked by every writer in the the eighty-seven questions are to the present controversy, it is among greatest degree unavailing, nay, altogether other things provided, puerile : and the only purpose they can answer, is, to ascertain whether a man's “ That none shall be made minister, 'or faith agrees with his Lordship's, on those admitted to preach or administer the Sasubjects which he proposes for answer. craments being under the age of four and Bat still, his Lordship will say; by the twenty years, nor unless be first bring to forty-eiglith Canon I have a right to exa. the Bishop of that diocese, froin mel mine, and I will examine on what subject known to the Bishop to be of svund reiI please. Now, let it be admitted, that gion, a testimonial both of his honest lie, his Lordship bas a right to examine by the and of his professing the doctrine exforty-eighth Canon; still lie has no right to pressed in the said Articles; nor unles he examine on what subject he pleuses : for, be able to answer and render to the ordiupon that ground he might examine on the nary an account of his faith in atin, German language, and refuse a man ordi- according to the said Articles, o have patio or a licence to a curacy, because special gift or ability to be a pracher ; he is not a proficient in it. But by the nor shall be admitted to the «der of Canons he has not a right to examine on deacon or ministry, unless he hall first what subject he pleases; for the 341h, subscribe to the said Articles." 35th, and 36th Canons have determined, the subject of examination, which is, that On this statute, the onl law
prothe candidate at least " be able to yield an perly so called, which governs the