תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

The Roman Catholics were already in He did not doubt that the individuals possession of a complete religious tolera. would be desirous of fulfilling all that they tion. Religion was an affair betwixt God had promised; but he more than doubted and a man's own conscience. No one had the ability they would have to put these a right to interfere with, or restrain him their promises into execution. Thus, the here. The laws of God were superior to Roman Catholic Church maintained, that those of man; and every restraint upon the all other Churches, and our's among the former he was justified, nay called upon rest, were heretical, and, of course, that by every means in bis power to oppose. the members of it were without the pale But it were a waste of time and words to of salvation. Now here he would ask, go about to prove, that the Roman Catho. why was this tenet, a tenet so loudly and lics were already in possession of this com so generally declaimed against, a tenet plete religious toleration. The doors of which had ever formed a line of separation the Roman Catholic places of worship between the Protestant and the Roman were as open as the doors of our Protestant Catholic; why was it still suffered to recburches; and it might be asserted, withe main upon the statute book, as it were, of out any fear of contradiction, that in this the Church; why was it still sanctioned favoured land every one was at liberty to by the canons and councils of that Church? Worship his God as bis reason and his con Again, the Roman Catholic Church descience prescribed. But it would be said, clared, that all provisoes, contracts, and and here lies the jet of the argument, that promises, if contrary to the interests of a difference was made between the Pro- that Church, were, ipso facto, null and testants and the Roman Catholics; that void. Here again he would ask, why was civil immunities and privileges were given this doctrine, if it never were meant to be to the one which are denied to the acted upon, if it were a mere brutum fulother; and, as it appeared to him, for the men, why was it still hanging over the wisest reasons, For, if an invariable con heads of the Protestants; why was it not nection were always observed between a abrogated by that authority which imposed certain set of religious opinions and a cer- it? The Roman Catholics, besides, main: tain line of political conduct, the legisla- tained, that the Pope was supreme head tare, in that case, was justified in interfer of the Church : the Protestants held that ing. That such had invariably been the the King was supreme bead of the Church. case with respect to the Roman Catholics, Now, as human conduct is influenced and uniform experience and the tenor of history directed by civil and religious motives, most incontestably demonstrated. And these principles must sometimes, nay frebere, if he were to produce instances from gnently, counteract and conflict with each the earlier periods of our history, instances other; and, when they did, he could know of the manner in which the Roman Catho uttle of the Roman Catholic religion who lics had always oppressed the Protestants could doubt to which of the two the prewhen they had it in their power, such a ference would be given. To say, theremode of reasoning might be looked upon fore, that the doctrines of a Church had as unfair and illiberal. If, however, it nothing to do with the principles and concould be proved that the same principles duct of the members of that Church, was a were maintained by the Roman Catholics mode of reasoning perfectly illusory and now as then, if it could be shewn that not unworthy of those who had made ase of it. a single exceptionable tenet or dogma Thus, would the opinion of any dissenting were ever reversed by lawful authority, if, sect of our community be looked upon, by in short, the Roman Cathoʻic religion was any foreign university or nation, as that still semper eadem, then the inference which would be binding upon the consciwhich he should draw from these premises ences of the members of our Church, if it Dust be looked upon as perfectly fair and were contrary to the Articles, the Liturgy, conclusive. In entering upon this line of and Canons of the Church? Would, also, argument, he disclained all reflections the sentiments of any party in the State, upon any individuals whatever of the Ro upon a constitutional question, be consiman Catholic persuasion. In no 'part of dered as that which would be binding upon the kingdom was there a greater nuniber the great mass of the community, if they of Roman Catholics than in the diocese of were contrary to the known laws of the Chester; and happy was he, and proud to land, and the express authority of our Acts observe, that the most liberal, nay the most of Parliament? And here the Right Rev. friendly intercourse had always subsisted Prelate adverted to the observations of between them. But his objections lay, the noble Marquis who preceded him, and not to the individuals, not to the respected said, that this mode of reasoning received individuals, but against the religion itself. the greatest confirmation and weight from

what had actually takes place in this king could make it, anti-Catholic. Every clerdom between the years 1789 and 1791. gymao, before he was instituted or licenced At that time a declaration, or protestation, to a benefice, was obliged to declare, that was drawn up by more than 2000 of the vo foreign prioce bad any jurisdiction in principal Roman Catholics in this king. this rralm. Every incuinbeut, also, was dom; a declaration containing every thing called npon by law to subscribe the Articles which the most anxious or timorous Pro. of the Church of England. Now the 37th testant could possibly require or expect. Article declared, that the Bishop of Rome To this declaration was snbjoined an oath, bad po jurisdiction in this realm of Eng and it was intended that the declaration land. If this bill, however, should pass, if and oath should both be submitted to Par. a spiritual intercourse were allowed with liament. But what was the result? The the See of Rome, it was impossible that result was this, a letter was published by any clergymau could conscientiously de. three of the Vicars Apostolic. In this clare, that no foreign pripce bath or ought letter they declared, that the people bad to bave any spiritual authority in this nothing whatever to do in points of doc- kingdom. He did not know a greater trine ; they forbad their farther interfer- anomaly in legislation than what the two ence, and the result was, that the declara. oaths in the bill exhibited. In sliort, Pro. tion and oath were withdrawn! And why testantism was the foundation on which did he mention this instance? Why, but to the British constitution was erected; the shew the coinmanding influence, the para corner-stone, the key which bound the mount authority which the hierarchy pos whole edifice together : pass this bill, sessed over the minds of every true son of grant Roman Catholic emancipation, and that Church? And we had just reason to we undid all which was done for us at the apprehend, that what did take place on period of tbe Revolution ; we gave up that that occasion would, under similar circum. for which our ancestors sacrificed their stances, occur again. Whilst, therefore, blood and treasure. And we had no res. the Roman Catholic Church maintained son to think, more particularly from what the opinions he had mentioned, and there had taken place during the progress of the were many others of a similar nature, whilst bill, that ihe Roman Catholics of Ireland it owed allegiance to, and acknowledged would remain satisfied even with the at: the supremacy of a foreign pontiff, whilst, tainment of that. When we recollected in short, it beld divisum imperium, he, for all wbich had been done for them during one, most conscientiously thought that we the reign of our late ever-to-be-revered were justified by the spirit and tenor of our monarch, more particularly when we ree koly religion, by the soundest maxims of collected the concessions which had been morals, by a due attention to our own made to them in the year 1793, concessions interest and self-preservation, to withhold which contained more than all which they from the Roman Catholics that farther de. then asked for, we must see that deniand gree of political power which we had had grown by what it fed opon, and we reason to think would, if granted, be turned had every reason to fear that if emancipa. against ourselves. This appeared to him tiou were granted, the Roman Catholics io the first and main objection : he did not Ireland would not remain satisfied even think it was capable of being answered ; with Roman Catholic emabcipation itself. of this, however, he was sure, that it never These fears, he added, received considerhad been answered yet.

able aggravation in his mind in consor The argument which weighed next with quence of what had taken place in his own him was, that the British constitution, as diocese, and in its immediate neighbour. settled at the glorious æra of the Revolu- hood. A large Roman Catholic seminary tion, was, in all its parts, anti-Catholic. had lately been instituted at Stonyburst, Thus, the King must be a Protestant of pear Preston, in Lancashire ; and however the Church of England : the members of reluctantly, yet still be felt it due to the both Houses of Parliament must be Pro. cause of truth and to their Lordships to testants also. Almost every subscription state, that a number of persons of the and declaration for admission to office, order of Jesuits had been brongbt over to were all in their nature and spirit anti- this place from Liege, in Germany, and Catholic. Thus, the King, in summoning that to them the care and education of the any Peer to Parliament, called upon him principal Ronian Catbolic youths in this to deliberate concerning things which were country had been entrusted. Besides, this necessary to the safety of the Church and

order was regularly established at Stony. State. Every Peer, also, before he took burst by a papal rescript, and persons his place in the House, subscribed a decla. were ordained to that order under what is ration which was, as strongly as words called “ titulo paupertatis." If this bill,

ever.

therefore, were to pass, if a spiritual inter. Protestant faith. Of what necessity, howcourse with the See of Rome were to be ever, of what paramount importance can it allowed by law, he did not see what was be, that the King alone should be a Pro. to prevent the establishment of a college testant, if his Majesty's ministers and conn. of Jesuits in this town, or in any other sellors may be Roman Catholics, if the part of the kingdom. He did not, how members of both Houses of Parliament ever, think, that the legislature was pre may be Roman Catholics also? If these pared to allow, that an order of men, things may be, and may be the conse. which was exiled from Russia, should find quence of passing this bill, the oath which its asylam on the British shores, in a is to be taken by his Majesty becomes coaptry which had heretofore been famed utterly frustrate and of no effect wliatfor its abborrence of bigotry and intolerance.

These were the argnments which, whatThere was another argument which had ever weight they might have on the minds always had great weight on' his mind. of their Lordships, had, at least, produced Roman Catholicism had ever been the conviction on bis own. This, indeed, parent and the purse of arbitrary power: might be light in the scale, or as dust on whilst Protestantism was the genial soil in the balance. These reasons, however, had which liberty had thrived and flourished. produced conviction on the minds of the As a proof of the truth of this assertion he most illustrious men for a long period of appealed to the records of our own history. time. These had all uniformly, till of Whilst in the papal reigns of Mary and late, opposed the grant of farther political James the IId. the liberties of the people power to the Roman Catholics. And here were outraged, and nearly overwhelmed there could be no alternative : either the with the dawn of the Reformation, and at fears of these eminent personages were not the Revolution liberty and Protestantism well founded, or else they did not deserve arose together. Nor need the observation that high character for intellect and judg. be contined to the annals of our own ment with which their own and succeeding history alone. Wbilst in Spain and Italy ages have crowned their memory. In jos. slavery and the inquisition had degraded tice, also, to the illustrious dead, he would the very name and character of man, in observe, that they wbo for more than a Holland, and in the greater part of Swit- century had sat in the seats around him, zerland, liberty and Protestantism had gone would never, almost unanimonsly, have land in hand together. But here he was opposed measures similar to the present ready to acknowledge, that from early unless they had been satisfied, in their prepossessions this argument inight have judgment and conscience, that Roman greater weight in his mind than that to Catholic emancipation could not be granted which it was fairly and logically entitled. with safety to our Church and State. For

, strongly as he felt himself called upon Before, then, that he sat down, be to oppose the present bill, yet still one of would beg leave to express his most earthe first sentiments he had imbibed, one nest hope and prayer that the vote of their mong the last which he hoped he shonld Lordships of that night would prevent the ever forget, was the love of liberty civil constant recurrence of the agitation of this

Bat he had sufficiently question ; and he trasted that they would trespassed on their Lordship's time and now, if not in the very words, at least in indulgence. He should, therefore, produce the spirit of the barons of old, declare, bat one argument more ; and this was that they would not open the door to any drawn from the tenor and spirit of the measure which might, not only probably, Coronation oath. The King is about to but even possibly, endanger the stability of swear that he will maintain inviolate the this Protestant empire.

and religious.

MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE. ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. tual curacy of Putney, Surrey, on the noThe rev. Thomas Furness, A.B. of Hat mination of the Dean and Chapter of Wor. chiffe

, to the rectory of Oxcombe, Lincoln cester, stare,

The rev. Edward Jones, thirty years The rev. Edward Howells, of Christ curate of Whitchurch, Shropshire, has been church, Oxford, to the valuable vicarage inducted to the rectory of Dunnington, of Preston cum Blakemere, Hereford Dear York, on the presentation of the Earl

of Bridgewater. The rev. Henry St. Joho, to the perpe The boo, and rev. Juba Fortescue, M.A.

shire.

presented by the Master and Fellows of BACHELORS OF ARTS.-Edward More Magdalen college, Cambridge, to the united gan, St. Alban's hall; Richard Anderson, rectory of Anderby cum Camberworth, Queen's college; Herbert Beaver, scholar near Alford, Lincolnshire,

on Mr. Mitchell's, or New Foundation, The rev. R. M. Mant, of Stowmarket, Queen's college; Henry Labouchre, Christ presented to the vicarage of Mountsea and church, the rectory and vicarage of Killodiernan, On Thursday last, William Best, B.A. by the Bishop of Killaloe.

of Brasenose, was admitted Master of The rev, T. Barber, B.D. fellow of St. Arts. John's college, Cambridge, presented by April 21.-On Thursday, the 12th inst. the Masters and Fellows of that society to the rev. Hugh Nicholas Pearson, M.A. of the rectory of Houghton Conquest, cum St. John's college, was admitted Bachelor Honghton Gildaple annexed, vacated by and Doctor in Divinity, Grand Comthe death of the rev. W. Pearce, D.D. pounder; and the rev. Charles Goddard, master of Jesus college.

M.A. of Christ church, and Archdeacon of The rev. Lowther Grisdale, to the per- Lincoln, &c. was admitted Bachelor of petual curacy of Walmsley, Laucashire. Divinity, Grand Compounder.

The rev. William Evan Girdlestone, in On Saturday, the 14th instant, the last stituted to the rectory and parish church day of Lent Term, the following degrees of Kelling with Salthouse, in Norfolk, on were conferred: the presentation of Zurishadden Girdle Masters OF ARTS.—John Thoyts, Esq. stone, esq. of Kelling.

Brasenose college; Henry Forster, student The rev, Thomas Holmes, M.A. insti. of Christ church; William Adams, scholar tuted to the rectory of Holbrook, in Suf- of Trinity college; rev. John Henry Hume, folk, on the presentation of S. Holmes, Baliol college; William Browne, Queen's Esq. of Brooke, Norfolk.

college; John Edward Willis, demy, of The rev. P. A. French, to the rectory of Magdalen college; rev. William Rees, Thorp Falcon, Somerset; patron, Mr. Pembroke college; rev. Thomas Richard Batten.

Ryder, Pembroke college; Richard French • The rey. John Turner, to the vicarage of Laurence, scholar of Pembroke college. Corston, void by the cession of the rev. T. BACHELOR OF ARTS. - William Leader Whalley.

Maberly, Brasenose college, Grand Com• The rev. T. Whalley, M.A., prebendary pounder. of Wells, collated by the Lord Bishop of The whole number of degrees in Lent Bath and Wells to the rectories of Ilches- Term was: D.D. seven; D.M. one; B.D. ter and Yeovilton.

five ; B.C.L. two; M.A. thirty-one; B.A. The rev. F. W. Miller, A.M. appointed twenty-two; matriculations, one hundred officiating minister of the Established and twenty-one. Church of England for the West or Ara April 11. — The following gentlemen bian coast of Essequibo, by the Governor were yesterday admitted foundation fel. of Demerara.

lows of St. John's college: Mr. A. Brown, UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE. Mr. Wale, and Mr. Henry Law, one of

OXFORD, April 7. On Monday, the sons of the Lord Bisliop of Chester. March 26, Henry Tennant, Esq. barrister April 14. — Henry Davis, of Triat law, and fellow of New college, was ad- nity hah, was admitted Bachelor in Civil mitted Bachelor in Civil Law.

Law. On Tuesday last, in a convocation, the Also, Mr. F. Martin, of Trinity col. rev. John Keble, M.A. fellow of Oriel lege, and Mr. Edward Baines, of Christ college, and the rev.James Jacksou Lowe, college, were elected scholars on Dr. Bell's M.A. fellow of Brasenose college, were foundation. approved as Public Examiners.

April 21.-Messrs. John Heathcote, of The same day the following degrees St. John's college; Edward Lawton, of were conferred:

Clare hall; and Thomas Bates, of Queen's MASTERS OF Arts.-Rev. George Cra- college, were on Friday last admitted Bacroft, fellow of Lincoln college; John chelors of Arts. Clerk Jenkins, Lord Crew's exhibitioner, BERKSHIRE.-Died, in the 83d year of Lincoln college; rev. Thomas Winter, his age, the rev. Frederick Dodsworth, Lord Crew's exbibitioner, of Lincoln col- D.D. senior canon of Windsor, rector of lege ; John James Strutt, Oriel college; Spenithorne, and perpetual curate of Francis Salt, Christ church ; George Bur. Cleasby, Yorkshire. * mester, Baliol college; rev. Ellis Roberts, CORNWALL. Died, at Week, St. scholar of Jesus college; rev. Thomas Mary, the rev. Edward Baynes, M.A. Wypne, some time fellow of St. John's rector of that parish, and forinerly fellow college.

of Sidney-Sussex college; B.A. 1774,

M.A. 1777. The rectory is in the pa B.A. of Jesus college, Cambridge, son of tronage of the master and fellows of the late Dr. Newcome, archbishop of that society.

Armaghi. SHROPSHIRE.—Died, suddenly, at the

WALES. rectory-house, at Oldbury, near Bridge The rev. J. H. Cotton is inducted to nortb, highly and deservedly respected, the living of Llanllechid, void by the in the 69th year of his age, the rev. death of the rev. J. Roberts, of Macy y Thomas Moses Lyster, upwards of thirty Groes, Carnarvonshire; and the rev. Royears one of his Majesty's justices of the bert Williams, of the frier's-school, Banpeace for this county.

gor, to the living of Llandyfrydog, AnSOMERSETSHIRE.—Died, at Weston, in glesey, void by the resignation of the rev. Gordano, the rev. Edward Newcome, J. Cotton.

POLITICAL RETROSPECT.

The bill for Catholic Emancipation porters of Catholic Emancipation. has been rejected in the House of They think that the government is Lords by a majority of thirty-nine, already too strong, and consequently and the nation is once more at li are not unwilling to weaken one of berty to contemplate this important its main supports, the Church. measure, not as a blessing, or a mis- They are allied more or less closely fortune, which is fixed and inevito the great body of the Dissenters; table, and with which we have they preside over the Society for nothing more to do than to enjoy or protecting Religious Liberty, and to endure it, but as a plan which, they intend to repeal the Test-laws after thirty years discussion, is still as soon as they are able. We can crude, and undigested; which, therefore understand why men of though it has obtained the sanction opposition politics, and opposition of a trifling majority in the House of principles, should sacrifice their old Commons, is probably as far from whig antipathy to the Pope of passing as ever. Of the grounds on Rome, at the shrine of modern li. which the bill was supported and berality and indifference. But it is opposed, we shall not dwell, because not to such persons as these that we could only repeat, with dimi- the Catholics are indebted for their nished effect, what has been urged majority in the House of Commons. with so much force and success by The house has repeatedly refused Lords Liverpool, Eldon, and Mans- to be governed by their councils; field, and by the Prelates, whose and when they attempted to force speeches are reported in our pre- the measure in 1806, the nation ceding columns. But it may not be rose, as one man, and put an end altogether useless to bestow a few to the project. The supporters, words upon a question which is therefore, by whom the Catholics often asked, and has not yet been are really strengthened, are that satisfactorily answered; viz. Why large and very respectable body of are ministers divided upon so mo the ordinary friends of administramentous a measure; and why do tion, who are satisfied with our exstatesmen, who agree upon no other isting institutions, but imagine that topic, coalesce in supporting the they will not be affected by admit

ting Catholics to power. And how The men who turn their whole this opinion can co-exist with the attention to the popular branch of other well known sentiments of the our constitution, and are not able gentlemen by whom it is entertainto perceive the dangers which have ed, we are certainly at a loss to repeatedly threatened the throne, imagine. If, however, we were callare the natural and consistent sup ed upon to explain the manner in

late bill?

« הקודםהמשך »