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fuller as the writer approaches his not prove the history to be true, as own times, for instance, Lamech's Moses may have forced the people polygamy, and murders, and the to believe his history by the fear of king Melchisedec, are so shortiy death. But this opinion confutes mentioned, that there is controversy itself, for 1st, it supposes the truth about all these subjects even to the of the miracles by which Moses bepresent day, while all the history of came the head of the Israelites. Abraham and Isaac, and the dying 2nd, It supposes the truth of some speech of Jacob, are told at full points in which Moses could not delength. Again, the exact account ceive other nations by his authority, of the genealogy, &c. of the Edom- such as tbe preservation of the ark, ites is fully given, and as we know and the building of the tower of that Moses lived forty years among Babel, the confusion of tongues, the thew, this is exactly the information destruction of Sodom, &c. &c. we should expect in the ordinary 3rd. It supposes that Moses must way. They who maintain the con- have given a true account of the trary opinion, must show that tradi- origin of the Israelites, for the contion is useless--that in the time of trary hypothesis is absurd. 4th. It Moses there were none who knew supposes his account of the origin the particulars of the history of the of the divisions and pretensions kept deluge, the tower of Babel, &c. &c. up among the twelve tribes to be That Moses pointed out the manner true, but these rest on the truth of is which these traditions were pre- the oracles recorded by him, and served without any object that therefore the truth of these oracles Moses while in Midian, beard no is established. 5th. It is contrary thing of the origin of the Midianites to common sense to suppose that —and that the authority of the ora
Moses could expect, with any power éles recorded in Genesis is notlring. If whatever to make a system of lies the oracles did not exist in the family believed even by his own subjects. of Abraham, of-what use would it be Again, it is absurd to suppose that so carefully to point out their exact
a whole nation would have perseaccomplishment; for instance, the vered long in a profession forced on possession of Canaan, the punish- them by tyranny; and equally abment of the Canaanites, the acqui- surd, knowing all we do of the Jews, sition - of Sichem by the tribe of to suppose them so patient, particuJoseph, &c. &c.
larly too when after the death of · Inc. xix. Allix answers the ob Moses and Joshua, they were subject jections as to the age of the world, to the Canaanites, and freed from the drawn from the Egyptian, and in terror of that law of Moses which ci 20. from the Chinese History; denounced death against any that these it would be useless to give at contested his laws. If they had any length. It has already been fre. thought his system an imposture, quently shown, that what looks at would they not gladly have seized all like truth in the Egyptian bis- that opportunity of getting rid of it? tory, accords with the Mosaic chro- The law, it may be well to observe, nology; and the Chinese history is was not made to force belief, but to too absurd, and too like the insane prevent the corruption of the peopart of the Egyptian to require par- ple, and its mingling with other naticular confutation. Both may, and tions. probably do contain a few facts in In c. xxii. from the matters proved al world of fable. We pass on to before, Allix concludes that Genesis c. xxi., in which Allix considers the was written by Moses; and that lasť objeétion that can be raised to this being granted, it was impossithe book of Genesis, viz. that though ble for him to forge his history; Moses may be the author, that does that he had sufficient traditions to
preserve the memory of these trans- vinced, all the jury also, as well as actions. That he was never con all the bystanders in court, not of tradicted till the most silly and ab- the party of the prosecutors, that surd stories of the beginning of the the respectable looking defendants world had begun to be circulated; (who had been placed, to the nuinand that 'as the reading of the law ber of twelve, or more, within the was never discontinued for any long bar, and at the head of the table time, the Jews would at once have usually appropriated to the barris detected any interpolation.
ters and attornies,) could not, Hence we may fairly conclude, through an almost unavoidable error that the truth of the creation can in their proceedings, have the full not be better proved than it is in benefit of an absolure and hothe book of Genesis; and that he nourable acquittal. The prosecuwho rejects it, must also disbelieve tors, however, from the very lenient all the facts we have brought in judgment of the court, and the manconfirmation of it, and in particular ner in which it was delivered, must the celebration of the Sabbath in feel great disappointment in the ill the early ages.
success their unprincipled measures had in this instance met with.
I entirely concur with your corTo the Editor of the Remembrancer. respondent in the eulogium he
passes upon the Parish Otficers of MR. EDITOR-I was acciden- Stretton, and I am decidedly of tally in the court at Warwick, dur- opinion that a subscription should ing the whole of the trial of the be set on foot in the surrounding Parish Officers of Stretton, of the parishes, towards defraying the law getting up of which a correspon- expences incurred, as a public exdent in your last Number has given pression of approval of their manly 80 profitable an elucidation, and conduct, and as an encouragement never did I hear one in which ap- to Parish Officers in general, to repeared more reproachful conduct sist similar aggressions with the on the part of the prosecution than same promptitude and firwness. in that; exposed 100, as it fortunately was, by the prosecutors own
Your obedient servant, witnesses. So evident, indeed, and
r. shameful was the exposure, that the Rugby, Dec. 9. judge lamented, as did, I am con
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. The Encouragements of the Chris- In addition to the various other
tian Minister. A Sermon preach merits of this sermon, its subject ed in the Parish Church of Hen appears to us to be happily chosen. ley, August 22, 1820, before the On many occasions it is highly pro. Chancellor of the Diocese of Or- per to dwell upon the difficulties by ford, Joseph Phillimore, D.C.L. which the teachers of Christianity and the Rev. the Clergy of the are surrounded.' The candidate for Deaneries of Aston and Henley : orders should be taught to reflect and published at their Request. solemnly and frequently upon the By the Rev. J. B. Sumner, M.A. duties which he is about to underFellow of Eton College, and Vicar take; and should be forced to form of Mapledurham, Oxon. pp. 26. some estimate (however inadequate) Hatchard. 1820.
of their weight. The recently or
dained minister must not be per- being which lately appeared to admit of mitted to suppose that inactivity no restraint, to acknowledge no obligaand carelessness are suited to the tion, now feeling itself the creature of post which he occupies. The clergy an accountable · member of Christ and in
God, and obtaining its spiritual rights, as of all ages should perceive and de- heritor of the kingdom of heaven.' And plore the unexampled obstacles to
this is not a mere transient gleam of protheir success. And it is on this very mise, which gratifies the eye for a time, account that we commend Mr. Sum- but vanishes wben attentively surveyed; ner for the judicious selection of his the longer it is dwelt upon, the more is subject: “ The Encouragements of the pleasure increased by reflection. For the Christian Minister” are always ciplined, thus instructed, how much of
consider, in the case of the child thus disan interesting subject: but never
gloom is taken from our apprehensions, did they more require to be felt and how much of hope introduced into the enjoyed than at the present hour. prospect of the future. We cannot see a They that bave put their hands to child, more especially we cannot see the the plough are not permitted to look children of the poor, without a sad anticiback. When they look around, pation of evil. We know that they will be much that is alarming will certainly perhaps, at a very early age, almost upon
exposed to much temptation : thrown, seen ; and though it ought only the wide world; taken from the superinto increase their humility and dili- tending eye of parents, and engaged in sergence, yet the mind would quickly vice which leaves them too nuch at the sink under such accumulated bur mercy of those among whom they live, dens, if it were not supported by both as to morals and religion ; possessing the elastic power of hope. To that little opportunity of intercourse with their principle, therefore, and to the views Minister, and often in a great measure deand consolations which it unfolds, wanted, from the public and private ad
barred, at a season when they are most we shall endeavour, with Mr. Sum- monitions of the Church. We know also ner's assistance, to direct the that, at the best; in the course of their thoughts of our reader.
after-life, they must suffer the pressure of From Ecclesiastes xi. 6. “ In the poverty, and be encumbered with cares
which can receive little alleviation from morning sow thy seed, and in the
external sources; must be placed in situaevening withhold not thy hand; for
tions and circumstances which are difficult thou knowest not whether shall
enough in themselves, and still more peprosper either this or that, or whe- rilous when viewed in connexion with the ther they both shall be alike good,” awful eternity which is to follow. God our attention is called to four dis- forbid that we should permit the young to tinct subjects of encouragement.
enter upon this sea of dangers, upprovided
with the only compass which can direct “ I. First, then, I will speak of the them through it! Let them go into the ENCOURAGEMENT which the Minister de world with a previous knowledge what it rives from the instruction of the young. is, corrupt and evil-- what their business This is perhaps the most delightful of all is, to overcome it*: let them be aware his labours. He has, indeed, ignorance to that it will prove a scene of trial : that contend with; but it is easier to encoun they have an adrersary ever seeking to deter ignorance than that worse knowledge vour their souls ; but that He who is for of the counsels of the ungodly, which com them is greater than he that is against monly belongs to more advanced years. them t, and, if they trust in him, will He has evil to overcome ; but it is the evil enable them to renounce the devil and of nature, not yet rendered obstinate by all his works,' and to subdue the sinful babit of vicious propensities, pot yet lusts of the flesh. Thus we give a new strengthened by indulgence, till the at colour to the whole prospect: we may tempt to eradicate them is nothing less look forward to the years which lie before than the plucking out a right eye, or the them with a brighter anticipation; we cutting off a right hand. There is no provide them something on which they greater satisfaction thap to see the listless mind awakening into attention—the vacant look of igoorance gradually quickened by
* Rev. iii. 21; xxi, 7. intelligence- and the rude and self-willed
+ See 1 John iv. 4.
may leap in the rongh journey of life; we Christ himself provided, by the regular orshow them to whom they may be grateful der of Ministers which has been establishin prosperity, to whom they may have re ed in his Church, that the benefit of such course in affliction; and even in sin we individual instructiou sliould never be leave them not without hope, inasmuch as wanting; and by frequent catechising, by they have been taught to know that if any confirmation, with the preparation that man sin, we have an Advocate with the precedes it, by a continued inspection and Father. Au reason, all experience, and superintendence, not only during residence Scripture concur in this, IN THE MORN at school, but, if possible, during that peING sow thy seed; often has it sprung up, riod which succeeds, and is commonly the and brought forth the fruits of grace, when turning point of life, the intentious of the it bad seemed to outward eyes to have Church may be fulfilled, and the youth been choked with tares.
grow up with something more than the " Let me entreat you, my brethren, to title of Christian. Could we but rightly secure to yourselves the gratification and feel what depends on this, even the welthe reward of this labour. That it is la- fare of an immortal soul, we should be inbour, no one will deny; or that difficulties deed watchful, in season and out of season, impede, from the obstinacy, carelessness, at appointed times and at times not apand ignorance of those with whom we have pointed, that the young of our flock might to do: but this, like other difficulties, not be exposed to the storms of the world yields to exertion. The benefits of early till they were prepared to encounter them, education, of course I speak of Christian by looking up to Christ as their ruler and education, are daily more and more ac their guide. Such indeed is his mercy, knowledged both by the poor themselves that there is still a haven, a port of refuge and by those above them. Parents like to for those wbo turn to him, even baving see the effects of the Gospel in their chil once made shipwreck of their faith, But dren; masters in their servants. Both, it is not for us to trust in the poor bope, therefore, may be prevailed on to contri that in the wreck of the vessel they may bute towards the necessary expence, and find a plank to escape on, or be directed to submit to that degree of immediate sa by grace to seize upon it: our object crifice wbich the time employed in educa- should be, that in the first entrance of tion requires : and it is impossible not to life they should make the Gospel their ark wish that more daily schools on the im of safety, and never quit it thronghout the proved plan, or such modifications of it as
voyage. And happy is that Minister, who, may be found practicable, should be intro- if he hear that one of his flock has proved duoed into the villages of our diocese. disobedient to his vows, and shaken off the Such a system indeed is likely to come allegiance which he owed to liis Redeemer, supported by the strength of the Legisla
can say, This is in spite of warning: I ture; and we bave just reason to be thank- have delivered my soul *. May you, my ful for a Legislature which makes the mo- bretirren, enjoy a still happier peflection ; rals of the people its object. But the zeal and possess the gratitude of those whom of the Clergy will effect more than any you have trained up in the way they laws; and although, when the heart is fix. should go, and who acknowledge you as ed, it is good to have the hand strength- the instruments througb whom they have ened by the law, legislation alone will learnt to know their Redeemer, and to avail little, unless the hearts of the Clergy receive him as their Lord.”--P. 5. are ardent in the cause. They only can give its full value to instruction; for it is The second encouragement is denot the power of reading, it is the prac- rived from the occasional convictical enforcement of the Bible which we tion and conversion of those who want the application to the heart; the oral instruction which Philip gave to the
have long been standing idle withEthiopian, and without which he could not
out, and are not called until the understand what be read, and without sixth, the ninth, or the eleventh which the poor too often read the Sorip. hour. And the value of such an ture as a history, and know little of it as encouragement, and the means of unfolding the only means of salvation, or making it our own are enforced conveying glad tidings to themselves.
with great earnestiress and truth.
# Acts viii, 30.
See Ezek. xxxvi.
On the third topic Mt. Suraner shall which he can do good, the Minister forms again speak for himself.
the comecting link between the different
ranks and degrees of sociey, the corner" TIT. I proceed, in the third place, to stone of our political and social fabric. speak of an ENCOURAGEMENT of a dif. The magistrate may bear the sıcord, and ferent sort, of a temporal rather than a it is not in vain; the laws may threaten, spiritual vature, but too important to be may command, may forbid, may panish; passed over ;- that which is derived to bat, as long as love is more attractive than the Minister from the share, the essential authority, as long as moral influence preshare which lie takes in ipholding the vails more with intellectual beings than frame of civil society in his country. And physical force, so long will our Church this he effects, not by the strength of hu- Establishment prove a stronger cement of ann law or terror of punishment, but by social nuion thao laws or penalties, and 90 the gentler influence which his character long will its Ministers be the firmest buland office spread around him. The poorer warks of the State, by diffusing that comclasses, the vast majority in every dis- fort and content which prevents men trict, cannot but reverence a state of from being given to change, and by prothings which secures to them a protector moting that knowledge which sees outin all their concerns, an adviser in their ward circumstances in their due light, and best interests ; one who, while their eter not as the one thing needful. Let me nal welfare is his first and greatest care, not seem to magnify unreasonably the is attentive to hear, and ready to assist clerical office: sbould I appear to do so, their temporal wants, and to smooth the the object which I have in view must be difficulties of their lot. Is any one af- my excuse; which is to point out, my flicted with sickness or with sorrow ? reverend brethren, the encouragement Are any sinking into undeserved indi- which we have to be zealous in our hogence? Is any one oppressert? --There is nourable calling, to be fervent in spirit, one to whom the lowest, and the meanest, not slothful in business, serving the Lord. and the weakest nay have recourse; one I cannot, indeed, venture to set forth any superior to themselves in station and ac motives for action except those of duty quirement, but whom his office teaches to and responsibility ; that every man's work condescend to men of low estate: and shall be made manifest; and every man whom a motive which nothing can affect receive his own reward according to his or weaken, whom the love of Christ con own lubour. But surely, if any seconstraineth to visit and to comfort, and to dary object could be admitted in a work defend the least of these his brethren, of which God is the beginning and heaven Take away the Christian Minister, and the end, it might be found from reflecting who shall remain to snpply his place? I that whilst we comply with our ordinaam far from undervalaing the exertions of tion vows, and do that which it is our duty those in whom the bond of Christian cha- to do, we are at the same time assisting rity stands in the stead of professional to support the best fabric of civil governduty, and who, in larger towns especially, ment which divine Providence has ever nuite with us in labours of love; but the enabled man to rear; and that while we Co-operation and direction of the Minis- obey the precept which we enjoin, and ter is necessary to render snch assistance do good unto all men, especially to them profitable, even where it can be obtained; that are of the household of faith, we are and, in our villages and hanılets, where indirectly strengthening the purest Estashall those, be found who have at once the blislıment which has ever represented inclination, and the ability, and the lei. Christianity to the world." P. 15. sure, to advise the ignorant, 'to succour the defenceless, and to relieve the indi Of the fourth head we do not gent? Take away the Minister of the feel warranted to speak quite so Gospel, and who will remain to stand be decidedly as of the parts which tween the employer and his labourer, be
In the first place, we tween the magistrate and the offender ? precede it. Who will be the almoner of the rich man's question the propriety, or at least bounty?' Who will direct the poor man's the accuracy, of making it a disindustry into the most useful channels? tinct and separate portion of the Raised, by education and character, to discourse. The subject of it is, a level with the rich and great, yet led by
" that confirmation of his own daty and by charity to reckon no indi.
faith which the minister daily devictual beneath him to whom he can be useful, no office nnworthy of him by rives from all that he sees and ob