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meetings, or as preachers in their subject is worthy of being taken own, or some neighbouring village. into consideration by those who are It is hardly to be expected that contemplating the amendment of children thus instructed, should be our Poor Laws, and might eventually taught the Cateehism of the Church, tend to diminish that expence which or possess any knowledge of, or is so much complained of under the respect for, its services. They are present system; inasmuch as a right in truth brought up in habits of education would induce frugal and schism, of which schools, thus or- industrious habits, and prevent the dered and constituted, are the nur- increase of burdensome poor. An series, and their parents the patrons expence of this kind incurred by of them: and thus in them provi- parishes would probably in the end sion is made for the continuance be found a great saving to them; as and increase of that evil which dis- the moral advantages would be great tracts and divides the Church. and incalculable. But in the reform
It is evident that evils such as of our parochial education, which is these call for some more powerful so much to be desired, it is necesremedy than can be administered by sary that the State should take the private hands, and that the due re- lead, and exercise a salutary authogulation of parochial instruction re- rity; and they probably would be quires the interference of legislative induced willingly to follow, and authority. If the National Religion cheerfully to co-operate, whose geis justly established by law, so like- neral good was the benevolent object wise should the national education, proposed. which is to train up the youth of the
In the selection and appointment country to the knowledge and pro- of village instructors, who should fession of that religion, have some neither be appointed by popular advantage from legal enactment, election, nor allowed to appoint It is of importance that some legal themselves, as is now frequently the encouragement should be held out case, it seems desirable that such for the improvement of parochial should be chosen as have some local education, and some regular return attachment to the place in which required from those who are con. they may be employed, some con. cerned in it; in order that they who nection with it by property, or other are engaged in a business of great not incompatible calling, that they public importance may be subject may be induced to continue in to public responsibility. If paro. their station, when qualified and chial school-rooms were erected, and approved, and not tempted to desome small endowment annexed to range the establishment by suddenly them by the State, a foundation abandoning it. This a stranger will would be laid for the exercise of be inclined to do, whenever he is public control, and a provision also conscious that his talents may be made for the gratuitous instruction exerted elsewhere to his own greater of some of the poorest children, advantage. Great inconvenience is Though, in the present state of the found to arise from such changes. country, it is not perhaps to be de- Some competent person belonging sired that any addition should be to the parish, and qualified by premade to parish rates, but rather that vious instruction in the improved the public burdens should be light- method of teaching, will be likely eded: yet, in a more prosperous to continue in his employment, and state of affairs, it is to be hoped to conduct it at moderate expence. that each parish might be reasonably. If these imperfect suggestions on required to contribute something to a topic of considerable importance so good a work as the right educa- should happen to meet the eye of tion of its resdective poor. The any of those who may have the op
portunity or ability to introduce and the humanity and justice which ige give effect to those 'improvements fluenced the decision of the Con which are so much wanted in our mittec of the House of Commons in parochial education, and procure 1812, will not be lost sight of in for them the sanction of legislative 1820, although the Committee of authority, they would promote a the latter year may not have the plan of great national utility, per- advantage of Sir Samuel Romilly's form a service very acceptable to talents to assist their deliberations. 1 those who have long witnessed and “ Mr. Fulton was transported to lamented the present inefficient sys- this Colony in consequence of his tem of village instruction, and effec- political principles, in 1800. He tually second the wishes of the was immediately appointed to aet learned writer, whose words have as Chaplain at Norfolk Island, where been quoted in the beginning of be continued discharging the duties these remarks.
of that office until 1804, when he I am, Sir, respectfully your's, was removed to this part of the
W. X. Y. territory- He afterwards officiated
as Chaplain at Sydney and Para-
one of the Governor's divner party, REFORMED CONVICTS AT
and the only man in the Colony who BOTANY BAY.
interposed personally to save him One of the charges against General from the attack which was made Macquarie, the Governor of New upon him. He stood in the doorSouth Wales, is, that he has unduly way, and declared to the mutineers, promoted and associated with par- that they must make their way doned convicts.-In answer to this through his body before they could charge the General, in a letter to Lord reach the Governor. When GoverSidniouth, from which a table of nor Bligh left Sydney for Van the population of the Settlement Dieman's Land, he enirusted Mr. was extracted in our last Number, Fulton and Mr. Palmer with his has given a sketch of the services of secret dispatches, addressed to the the principal convicts so promoted. Commanding Officer of the succours The following are the most interest- which he expected to be sent froin ing cases.
England for his relief. These Gen“ I am well aware that an opinion tlemen continued faithful to their has been expressed in England un. trust, and delivered the Goveruor's favourable to the practice I have packet to me on my arrival. Mr. followed, of restoring men to that Fulton accompanied Governor Bligh rank in society, to which, by birth to England as one of his principal and education, they belonged pre- witnesses ;-he returned in 1811, viously to their being transported, and has ever since acted as Chapwhen I considered them to be en. lain and Magistrate at Castlereagh, titled, by their personal merit, to where he has a seminary for boys. that degree of consideration. But I consider Mr. Fulton' to bela with all due submission to the judg- zealous man in the discharge of the ment of every respectable unpre- several important duties he has to judiced man, I cannot but hope that fulfil, and an useful and respectable when I explain the situations in member of society. which I found the persons who have " Andrew Thompson was trans been thus favoured by me, (with ported to this Colony in the year the exception of one, who arrived 1792, at the age of sixteen. Gohere since,) and the faithful and vernor Phillip, immediately on his long services they have performed, arrival, employed him in a situation
of trust, having committed to him acted in that capacity, though not the charge of the men's provisions. invested with the title of Magistrate, The year following, he was ap- for eight years previously. In the pointed a constable at Toongabbe. fulfilment of this duty he caught a In 1796 Thompson was removed to severe cold, which terminated his Windsor, where a constable of existence, in the 37th year of his sober habits, and of a good cha. age. Mr. Thompson was born of a racter in other respects, was wanted; respectable family, who, from the and here he took up his permanent time of his conviction, entirely disabode.
carded bim from all intercourse with " Governor Phillip, on leaving them. . He felt so inuch gratitude the Colony, recommended him to for being restored to the society he the notice of his successor, who had once forfeited, that in his will finding him useful and deserving, he bequeathed to me one-fourth of continued him as constable of the his fortune. different districts in his neighbour “ Mr. Redfern, in consequence hood *. lo this situation be con of the mutiny at the Nore in 1797, tinued for nine years, to the perfect was, at his own particular request satisfaction of all his superiors, and to Sir Jeremiah Fitzpatrick, then particularly of the Governors in Inspector of the Transport Service, succession. Thompson was a sober, sent to this Colony in 1801. During industrious, and enterprising man; the passage, he assisted the surhe built several vessels for the pur- geon, and kept the journal of the pose of sealing, which trade be treatment of the sick. A few days carried on to a considerable extent. after his arrival in this Colony, he For the last eight years of his life, was sent to Norfolk Island as assisthe always employed from 80 to 120 ant to the surgeon stationed there. men, and latterly had annually from General Foveaux, shortly after his 100 to 200 acres of his own estates arrival, appointed him to the sole in cultivation,
charge of the hospital.. On my " In the calamitous floods of the taking the command of this Colony, river Hawkesbury, in the years 1806 General Foveaux personally introand 1809, at the risk of his life, duced, and recommended Mr. Redand to the permanent injury of his fern to my notice in the strongest health, he exerted himself each terms, as to his conduct, character, time, during three successive days and professional abilities, stating, and nights, in saving the lives and that in order to secure to the Setproperties of those settlers whose tlement the advantages of his prohabitations were inundated. fessional skill, he had appointed
Soon after my arrival here, I him assistant surgeon in the Colony, found Mr. Thompsou to be, what and solicited Lord Castlereagh for he always had been, a man ever his confirmation. His appointment ready and willing to promote the was confirmed by His Royal Highpublic service, for this was the cha ness the Prince Regent in 1811. racter he had obtained from all my “ Mr. Redfern's singular abilities predecessors. In consequence of are well known here, and I believe his merits, and being the only per- there are few families who have not son at that time in his neighbour availed themselves of his services. hood fit to fill the office, I appointed His duty in the general hospital has bim a Justice of the Peace, and been laborious, and most certainly Chief Magistrate of the Districts of fulfilled with a degree of promptithe Hawkesbury, where he had tude and attention not to be ex
ceeded. I have heard many poor * In 1801, he was appointed Chief persons, dismissed from the hospiConstable by Gorernor King
tal, thank bim for their recovery;
but have never known a patient chased a house, and also an allotcomplain of his neglect.
ment of ground, on which he erected "Mr. Redfern had obtained a a commodious house and waregrant of 500 acres of land from houses. At the expiration of his Colonel Patterson, as a remunera- sentence being appointed an auction for his serrices to the military tioneer, and also employed as a geat Norfolk Island; which grant I neral commission agent, he gradually confirmed, making at the same time acquired a large property, which an additional one of 1390 acres, in enabled him to commence business consequence of his useful services
a more extensive scale, as here. Mr. Redfern's farm is allowe merchant and ship owner. Pur. ed by all who have seen it, to be suing these engagements successlaid out and cultivated in a manner fully for several years, he became more nearly approaching the Eng- at length possessed, in whole, or lish style, than any other in the the greater part, of several ships Colony.--He has now, after eigh- and small craft, which he princiteen years' service, retired from his pally employed in procuring oil, professional pursuits to his estate. seal-skins, beech lemar, pearl-shells, i have appointed him & magistrate, sandal-wood, and other articles of and as far as my opinion goes, no export to the Mother Country and man in this Colony is better qualified the East Indies ; while the benefits to execute the duties of that office, derived by the settlers from his spewith credit to himself and benefit to culations, which opened a vent for the public service.” P. 33. their produce, for which there was
« Simeon Lord, at the age of otherwise no market, were by no nineteen, was sentenced to seven means inconsiderable. In the course years' transportation: he arrived of these mercantile pursuits, Mr. here in 1791, in the ship Atlantic, Lord, in conjunction with Mr. Ancommanded by Lieut. Bowen, agent drew Thompson, formed an estafor transports, from whom, to use blishment at New Zealand, to prohis own words, ' a gratitude, that cure flax, hemp, timber, and other can terminate only with his exist. productions of that country, for the encé, calls upon him to declare, he home market. He also chartered received the most humane and in the ship Boyd, freighted with coal, dulgent treatment, and almost pa- cedar, and other timber for the ternal kindness.'
Cape of Good Hope, and the Eng“ By the intercession and strong lish market. This vessel touching recommendation of this gentleman, at New Zealand for the purpose of after eighteen months' servitude, filling with spars, was unfortunately Mr. Lord was employed as an as cut off by the natives. Owing to this sistant in the victualling stores ; in loss, with others of a great amount, which capacity he served the re- occasioned by the misconduct and mainder of his sentence, in a man- speculations of his agent in England, ner highly satisfactory to his supe- and the equally unfaithful conduct of riors. During that period, by his his agent in India, 'bis affairs became own exertions and economy, he so embarrassed, that his mercantile built two houses, and cultivated exertions were nearly paralysed for about an acre of garden ground; seven years. During that interval, and by rearing pigs and poultry, bowever, having married, and bay'and engaging occasionally in trade, ing a numerous young family, he he accumulated, even before the made a successful attempt to estaexpiration of his term, property to blish a manufactory of woollen the amount of several hundred cloths, hats, blankets, and carpets, pounds.
in which he now employs, and for • With a part of this he pur- several years has employed, victu
alled, clothed, and paid, from fifty engineer in the erection of all the to one hundred persons, principally public buildings in the Colony, in convicts. He has also greatly im- which he has displayed much taste proved his lands, which comprise and great abilities. He received a fve thousand acres, obtained prin- conditional pardon from me on his cipally by purchase, on which, both completing the new light-house at in this Colony and at Van Dieman's the south-head; and has lately reLand, he has reared very conside- ceived a free pardon. He lias thus rable herds of cattle; and has erect. been restored to his former rank in ed houses, warehouses, and manu- society, which he promises to mainfactories at Botany Bay and at tain with credit to himself and useSydney; the latter of which are fulness to the government, as well decidedly superior to any of a as for the benefit and support of a similar description in the Colony. respectable wife and numerous
* Mr. Lord was one of the per family. sons recommended to me by Gene “ These are the men, my Lord, ral Foveaux. I appointed him a wbom I have thought fit to invite to imagistrate in 1810." He is allowed my table, and to treat with the reto have been useful and attentive in spect to which I have deemed them the discharge of bis public duties: entitled, from the offices they have his large cominodious house has been held under my government. To a home to those who were in distress, those offices they were, in general, and I have always found him to be promoted in consequence of their an industrious and enterprising man. meritorious conduct, and the many His readiness during the time of his services they had rendered to the prosperity, in applying his money government in their different protowards the support of settlers and fessions and employments. Their others in distress, from whom he good conduct had obtained for them received repayment as it suited their also the good opinion of the most convenience at distant periods, and respectable inhabitants of this Cowithout interest, is remembered with lony, as well as my own: and it is gratitude by 'those who were saver with real satisfaction, that I have to from ruin by his generosity; for bear testimony to their uniform fide. although Mr. Lord has always been lity and zeal in the discharge of considered as litigiously inclined, lie their respective public duties. They was never known to oppress a poor have been peaceable and loyal subman.
jects, and ever ready to assist the " Mr. Greenway was transported government." P. 45. to this Colony in the year 1813, under sentence for fourteen years, in consequence of a breach of the BISHOP OF PETERBOROUGH ON Bankrupt Laws. He brought me a UNAUTHORISED PSALMS AND letter from Governor Phillip, recom
HYMNS. mending him strongly to my protec. Our former remarks upon the tion, and informing me that he was Bishop of Peterborough's Charge an architect of eminence, who had were confined to his mode of exbeen employed in erecting public amining Candidates for Orders and buildings at Bristol and Clifton. Curacies; the following extracts Feeling great respect for that most from his Appendix relate to a subexcellent man, I had much pleasure ject which is but ill understood, in attending to the first request he and which his Lordship appears to ever made to me. Mr. Greenway have placed in its proper light. being the only regular architect “ The privilege, now claimed and here, has been ever since his arrival, exercised in many of our Churches, the sole designer, and the assistant with respect to psalms and hymns, REMEMBRANCER, No. 28.