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question, How can this be?' our is not guilty of incest, if he should Lord answered, Art thou a master marry with the nearest of his relaa of Israel, and knowest not these tions,' by nature; and this acquittal things ?'

For the notion of rege- of incest was grounded on the prinneration (although our Lord was ciple, that where there is no consanspeaking of that which is by the guinity there can be no incestuous Spirit, and not by water only,) was marriage.” Ibid. lib. v. c. 18. This a prominent feature in the discipline rule was afterwards modified, that and manners of the Hebrews, in the gentiles might not be offended; initiating the proselytes of justice... and a proselyte was not suffered to

The regeneration which has marry his mother, or his mother's been mentioned, is so consistent daughter. with the doctrine which is found in A distinction was also made in their more abstruse philosophy, cone respect of children born in sanctity cerning the souls of proselytes, as or out of sanctity: to which st. to lead to a suspicion, that the one Paul may be supposed to allude, is derived from the other.

1 Cor. vii. 14. balists


that there are always They say, that if a woman in a existing innumerable souls, either state of pregnancy becomes a prosingular and separate, or hereafter selyte, and is baptized, it is not to be drawn from what they call the necessary to baptize the offspring ; ideal mass, and that men are made because as it is born in the mother's as these souls are sent into human sanctity or Judaism, as they say, it bodies. They call the human body bears the condition of a proselyte, the matter, and the soul the form of i. e. of the mother. It must be man... And they say, that as the soul further observed, that although they of which man is made passes from would have the condition of a proseheaven into the human body, so does lyte acquired only by descent, they a new soul enter iuto every proselyte nevertheless will not admit the relaof justice, at the very instant in tion of consanguinity or fraternity, which he is made a proselyte; and between the two sons, for instance, that the soul which occupied the of a proselyted mother; unless they body in its gentile state vanishes and were both conceived, as well as born disappears. .. Passing these trifles, in sanctity, or after the mother had we may observe, that they main- been initiated by baptism... In distained the creation of souls in hea. coursing concerning the right of ven, before their admission into the fraternity, under which the widow human body; and that a new soul, of a brother deceased without issue and therefore a new form, was given was to be married, the Talmudists from heaven to every proselyte, as maintain: Even when the one bro. soon as he was made a proselyte. ther was born, but not conceived in He was altogether to be called a sanctity, and the other was both new man; and was reckoned to have born and conceived in sapctity; put off his former kindred, as an they are, as it were, strangers, there infant conceived and born again in is no fraternity between them, unless the womb of a new mother." De both were conceived and born in Jure, N. and G. Lib. ii. c. 4. sanctity." De Jure, N. and G

It was their doctrine, that all lib. ii. c. 4. lib. v. c. 18. former kindred vanishes in regene It is necessary to add some few ration; and it is the saying of Mai- words on the form of initiation. monides, · When a gentile or a “ Baptism was necessary in the redeemed slave becomes a proselyte, case of women, and of proselytes, he is like a child newly born: all who had been circumcised, but not consanguinity existing in his former baptized; for without baptism they state ceases and is determined; he were not placed under the wings of

the divine majesty, or made par- the people had been previously and takers of the privilege of an Israelite. duly initiated by circumcision and The form of baptism was this ; the baptism. (See Exodus xxiv, 3. &c.) proselyte in his own person, if he They understood that the sacrifice was of full age, i. e. of the age of was offered, and the blood sprinkled, thirteen years, if a male, or twelve in the name of every one, and that years, if a female, made profession the initiation of proselytes, and of before the court or triumvirate Jews by descent, was thus fully and which presided over baptism, of plenarily confirmed.” Ibid. his intention to keep the law of Hence we may learn, that the Moses. The court made the pro- Apostles in speaking of the blood fession in the name of a minor, (as of sprinkling, (Hebrews x. 22. xii. do the sponsors in the Christian 24. 1 Peter i. 2.), spoke of an initichurch), unless the parents were atory rite, with which the Jews present to answer for him. They whom they addressed were well accalled every one who was thus made quainted. a proselyte, regenerate and new born

R. N. (regeneratum et renatum), as an infant new born, and they con. sidered that his ancient kindred vanished and ceased in baptism. To the Editor of the Remembrancer. It is the comment of the Gemara of

Sir, Babylon, on Numbers xv. 15. The words As To You, have the same I was very much pleased at Ihuoa's meaning as the words As TO Your remarks on Bishop Gleig's SerFATHERS, or ancestors. What then mons, page 658, of your number was the state of your fathers or an- for November, and in order to corcestors? They certainly did not roborate them I take the liberty to enter into covenant without circum- hand you the following fact, illus. cision, baptism, and the sprinkling trative of the subject, which, if you of blood, and therefore neither can think it worthy of a place in your proselytes enter into covenant, with- very useful miscellany, is entirely at out circumcision, baptism, and your service. sprinkling of blood.' Again.—' A Some years ago, my father, who man wants the perpetual privilege with all his ancestors had been strict of a proselyte, unless he is baptized members of the Established Church, as well as circumcised, and unless removed with his wife and children he is baptized he remains a heathen into a commercial district where he or gentile. Again, in the same took a house then newly erected, Genara. • The wise have rightly which, in common with many others determined, that if any man hath of the same date, bad no pews bebeen baptized, but not circumcised, longing to it in the parish church, or circumcised, but not baptized, As his family was large, he could he is not a proselyte, until he is not trespass upon the kindness of baptized as well as circumcised.' his neighbours by sitting in their De Sygedriis, lib. i. c. 2.

pews: and besides, the vast popula“ 'The Hebrews were wont to add tion rendered it impossible for the to circumcision and baptism, a third old inhabitants to accommodate us. sacrament, namely, the offering or One dissenting chapel was erected

sprinkling of the blood of sacritices, after another in quick succession, » which they regarded as a testimony and were soon filled. My father

of confirmation, and plenary initia was very reluctantly compelled to tion. They deduce this sacrament take a pew in one of them, and so from the words immediately follow. he and all his household became, ing the delivery of the law, when through necessity, dissenters. My REMEMBRANCER, No. 28,

Ꭰ d

worthy parents in due time paid the your last number, that the Church of 3 debt of nature, and I had the honour England presented to her members to succeed my father in his business. a sylem of regular edification" in From the same cause I continued a her Lessons, Epistles, Gospels, &c. sectarist. Many times were addi- As a charge had gone forth that tional churches talked of, but none some of the clergy did not preachd were erected. At last, however, a the Gospel, he for this reason (as I few gentlemen in our town ventured was afterwards infurmed) preached upon the arduous work of building every Sunday one or two sermons a chapel of ease, which, as I under- from the Gospel for the day. In the stood, after considerable difficulties, afternoon he preached a regular they accomplished. The church was course of plain familiar sermons to consecrated in due form by the bi- the poor people, on the doctrines 1,9 shop- of the diocese, and public and duties, the privileges and connotice was given to the inhabitants solations of the word of God. In that many of the seats would be free the evenings (for this indefagitable for the poor, and that others would minister preached as well as prayed all be let to those who chose to take three times on the Sabbath day) he die them.

expounded, in a connected order, Now, Mr. Editor, as I had often the Gospel by St. Matthew. As heard my dear father speaking in these subjects were discussed on the highest terms of the service of each succeeding Sunday, I was more the Church of England, and lament- and more convinced of the exceling that we were debarred from en- lence of the Liturgy. Thus a whole joying its privileges, I resolved to year was spent, during which, I am take a pew. I did so, and attended happy to say, that I and many

others the following Sunday. I must ho- who had never before attended nestly confess to you that I felt church, became truly attached to rather awkward in the use of a the establishment from the purest Prayer-book which a good natured motives. friend in an adjoining pew handed The second vear our minister beto me. I waited for the sermon, gan with the Epistles for the day, which, in due time was admirably and continued his course from Addelivered with much affection, so vent Sunday to the last Sunday after lemnity, and earnestness. As I had Trinity. In the afternoons he gave received a good English education I us another course on the Catechism could perceive that the style and of the Church of England, which composition were excellent; and as proved of very essential service both I had read my Bible through every to parents and children, especially year

from childhood, I was glad as in the summer of this year the to find that its sentiments were Bishop came round his diocése to purely Scriptural. I could not tell visit and to confirm. whether the clergyman preached as The third year we had every Sun. the dissenting ministers did, without day morning a sermon founded upon book, or whether he did as I had the Collect; and in the afternoon we understood churchmen used to do, had a lecture on the Morning and from a written book, because he had Evening Prayers, the Litany, &c. all the animation of the dissenter In the evenings of the second and without his mistakes. However, I third years he expounded to us a lik'cd' every thing upon the whole great part of the Psalms. . This exvery well. I attended the next Sun- position we considered of great utiday, and was still better pleased. lity as it taught us to apply them to

In a few Sundays Advent arrived. Christ and bis Church, under the Our minister told us in the introduc- Gospel. tion of his serion as Jhuoa did in The last Advent Sunday in 1819,


he entered upon the first Lessons for person so competent to speak with morning and afternoon. In the even- authority on the subject of educaings he expounded in regular order tion as the writer of this Sermon, St. Paul's Epistles to the Ronians, there is no one, I presuine, at all Corinthians, &c.&c.; and thus we are acquainted with the present state of nearly completing another ecclesias- it in a great many of our country tical year. What courses he will take villages, who will vot devoutly join. next Advent Sunday 1820, we cannot in them generally is legislative audivine, but judging from his former thority, for the due regulation and taste and judgment, we, anticipate success of so important a conceru, much pleasure and profit. Perhaps much wanted, and imperiously cailed I may, if this letter should prove for. In towns, and in some parts acceptable, give you a more parti- of the country, frequented by percular account of his courses of sons of rank, talents, and fortune, sermons. I think that such a me. those establishments which have thod, were it more generally adopt becn founded by the charity of aned, would do infinite service to many cient or modern times, for the inas it has done, Sir, to your constant struction of the poor, have lately reader.

attracted a considerable portion of A CHURCHMAN. public notice: their endownients, in Nov. 23d, 1820.

many cases, have undergone strict inquiry : their revenues have been appropriated to the true ends of

the institution : teachers conversant To the Editor of the Remembrancer. with the new system of education

have been appointed to them: the SIR,

progress of the scholars, on stated In the excellent Sermon prefixed to days of examination, has been matthe last Report of the Society for ter of public observation: their Promoting Christian Knowledge, the emulation has been thus excited, learned preacher, the Rev. Dr. God- and their proficiency in a variety of dard, after having shewn the na useful knowledge has far surpassed tional advantages of the union of the attainments of former times. learning and religion, in those who This is the case in many places have enjoyed the benefit of being which have the advantages of estaeducated in our public schools and blished funds and liberal patrons, universities; and having thence de- competent teachers and vigilant induced the general advantages of spectors; in which considerable education, under the new and im- numbers of the children of the poor proved system, in those institutions are assembled and kept together by which private benevolence has either well-regulated discipline and public formerly consecrated, or still sup- munificence: in places such as ports, for the instruction of the these, where every impulse is given poor ; in the fortieth page makes to the successful education of the the following observation, " Much poor by the liberality and personal therefore is it to be wished, that inspection of the opulent and learnthese institutions, so intimately con- ed, the business is carried on with nected with the public good, may an energy and effect, which, it is not always remain dependent on the hoped, will be discernible in the precarious support of private bene. future steadiness and good conduct volence and charity; but be ren- of those who are the favoured obdered secure and permanent, through jects of so bountiful a provision, the provisions of legislative autho 7. Here then, and in such places, rity."

where the business of education in the wish thus expressed by a

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ence of the legislature may not per- of three parishes ; ' so that his influhaps be necessary: but it is far ence is often inconsiderable. If he otherwise in many, probably in the should succeed in uniting with himgreater number, of our country pa- self some of the priucipal inharishes. And their aggregate popu- bitants in the establishment and lation, in point of respectability and support of a parochial school on the number, claims every attention and improved plan; yet this is “ depenassistance, in regard to the improve- dent on the precarious support of ment of the education of the poor, private benevolence,” which is often that their superiors can afford. In found to fail, and ruins the Estamost of the county towns indeed blishment. Those who are with difCentral Schools are established, on ficulty persuaded to contribute any the improved system; one of whose thing to its support, soon grow benevolent objects is, to educate weary of well-doing, and withdraw and send forth masters, for the bet- their subscriptions; and the teacher, ter instruction of the villages within having but slight encouragement, their district: and generally every and perhaps no other local attachfacility is afforded, and every due ment there, is induced to look out assistance kindly given, to such as for a more eligible station. Thus apply to them, by those who pre- the plan is frustrated; and the vilside over, and conduct these Cen lage school relapses into the hands tral Schools. But still, in their of those who are unfit and unqualiAnnual Reports, it is often a sub fied for the management of it. ject of general regret, how few But further, the Clergyman, often country parishes avail themselves of the sole person who takes any intetheir offer of assistance, and are rest in these concerns which are anxious to meliorate their system highly important to a country paof parochial education. The truth · rish, has other difficulties to enis, that few country parishes are at counter; bas to contend with the present prepared to receive the as- prejudices of those who are adverse sistance that is tendered to them, or to the improved system of educato profit by the exhortations to im- tion, because they do not underprove their system of instruction. stand it, and prefer what has the

many there is neither public sanction of long usage, however illschool-rooms, nor established funds adapted it may be to answer the end for the purpose; so that the busi- proposed : or else, which is perhaps ness of village instruction becomes the greater adversity, he has to altogether a matter of private spe- combat the schismatical propensiculation, and is left to the manage- ties of his parishioners. · Persons ment of some person who may hap of this description, wbose attachpen to possess a convenient apart- ment to the Established Church, 'if ment, and, without the requisite it subsist at all, is scarcely disqualification, may hope to derive a cernible, are becoming now a nuscanty subsistence from the employ- merous and prevailing class in many ment. In such cases, neither the country parishes; and they take the aptness of the teacher, nor the pro- lead, in many instances, in the digress of the scholars, is much con- rection and superintendance of vilsidered : and the whole business is lage education; and get masters conducted in a languid and ineffi- appointed who train up the children cient manner. There is often no committed to their care in a state person of weight or consequence, of alienation from the Church. They able or disposed to interfere in such do not themselves set the example matters, excepting perhaps the Cler- of frequenting its services and ordigyman; and he, in many instances, nances; but are perhaps employed has the care of two, and in some, in regulating methodístical" class


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