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the Sabbath would be most proper; tution of England will not tolerate, and we cannot believe that it is and in which they never will recomimpracticable. The Senate seems mend the Sovereign of England to wisely anxious to support and en- join. Such are the contradictions courage religion and morality; and which party spirit generates, even in if these appearances be not mere the clearest understandings and pupretence, the due observation of the rest hearts. Sabbath should be peremptorily en. We give an abstract of the popuforced. Sone murmuring among lation returns in the Colony of New Newspaper Editors, and some defi- South Wales. It has been publishciency in the receipts at the Stamp- ed in an Appendix to Governor office may by possibility ensue. But Macquarie's reply to Mr. Bennett ; they are both beneath the attention and is well worthy of the attention of of Christian legislators; and when all who take an interest in the rewe think of the great advantages by form of our criminal code. The which they are counterbalanced, we number of pardoned convicts, will cannot doubt that the experiment be found very much larger than it ought to be tried.

was generally supposed to be. The Foreign affairs appear to stand Governor's letter contains several precisely where they were a month interesting particulars respecting the ago. Spain is full of commotion, good conduct of this class of perand Italy and Germany are full of sons. And we shall hereafter predoubt, and England is wisely re sent the reader with some extracts solved to leave them all to them from the work. But our reason for selves. There is a good deal of con- alluding to the subject here, is that tradiction in the speeches of the if so large a proportion of the whole Parliamentary leaders upon both inhabitants of the Colony consist of sides, respecting our continental persons who went out as convicts, relations. The Oppositiou tells and are now settled as freemen, and us that we have lost all weight if this class of the population are on and influence in Europe, and are the whole very decently behaved little better than the laughing stock under the insufficient regulations of our Imperial and Royal Al. and instruction which have hitherto lies; and in the very same breath, prevailed among them, there is no they maintain that if we had inter- reason to despair of the ultimate fered in favour of Naples, even by a prosperity of the establishment, and Manifesto, we might have preserved to empty our gaols and flash-houses the independence of that nation into the capacious bosom of this against all the bayonets of Austria. new world, will be more likely to The Ministers on the other hand improve both them and us, than the coutend that the Holy Alliance has schemes which pretend to convert done nothing unjustifiable, or con- hardened villains in six months, and trary to the established rights of na- send them out at the end of that tions; but they admit that it has time to plunder their fellow-creatures pursued a course which the consti. as before.

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A General Statement of the Inhabitants of New South Wales : shewing the Description of Persons, and the Station they reside in, as

per General Muster taken by his Excellency Governor Macquarie and Deputy Commissary-General Drennan, commencing the 27tk September, and finally ending the 12th November, 1819; with an exact Account of the same at Van Dieman's Land.

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Sydney, 25th January, 1820.

L. MACQUARIE,
Governor-in-Chief of New South Wales.

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.

W. X. Y. shall appear.

We apprehend that Byta is quite right in the view that he takes of the Office for the Churching of Women, although a contrary interpretation of it is often adopted.

Philecclesia and Cantab. have been received, and are under consideration.

Our Correspondent W. is evidently correct in supposing that the custom of introducing a funeral sermon into the funeral service is at variance with the provisions of the Act of Uniformity.

We have received several communications respecting a Bill upon Church Briefs introduced by Mr. Lyttleton, the member for Staffordshire. We shall advert to the subject in our next Number, and in the mean time refer our Correspondents to some excellent remarks upon the subject in our earlier Number, under the signature of a Berksbire Incumbent.

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ON THE STATE OF MAN

world, at any period of time, has « BY NATURE."

been discovered, which has not

made some advance towards reliIt is usual for those, who see in the gion, and shewn some reference to rudiments of Christianity grounds a God, however feeble and imperfor depreciating the human charac- fect:-nor the consideration that in ler, to appeal to arguments seem- whatever degree such a preponderingly arising from the authority of ance toward evil were natural, we Scripture; in order to shew that may well assure ourselves it would we are essentially depraved ; and receive an adequate allowance from all in consequence of our descent the Almighty, when his equitable from Adam ; sinful ourselves, be sentence shall be finally pronounced: cause he sinned.Thus having but in reply to those who found described the race of mankind as their Christianity in these degrading radically corrupt, on Quool, by the assertions concerning the state of Fery nature which God gives us ; man, and for their authority appeal after stating that the “ seeds of to texts of Scripture, I would obvicious principle are implanted in serve, first, every bosom, " that mankind is That there is either ignorance or totally depraved in consequence of some apparent disingenuousness the fall of the first man; a mere very frequently observable in the mass of corruption extending over arguings of those persons respecting the whole soul, and exposing it to the native history of man, and the God's righteous displeasure, both words " image of God," as referred in this world and in that which is to to him, (Gen, i. 27.) And it is by come”- they usually have recourse no means upcommon with such to to passages in the Scriptures to represent the case as follows :confirm their assertions; without that Adam was indeed made in the regarding the per contra evidences" image of God," (whatever high which may be drawn from the same excellence may be imagined to be autbority.

thus implied) but that Adarn begat I shall not here bring forward the a sop“ in his own image;' whereclear statement which might be by a supposed jingle of antithesis, given of much seemingly innate image of God,” and “ Adam's good principle even in very young own image," it is inferred, (not children, so as to prove, at least, merely that all mankind are to be some early good in them, if others deduced from Adam, but) that the would from hence contend' some race of men was so made to lose times for early evil:-uor the ac- sight of its high original, as to be knowledged fact, that, so far from no longer entitled to that estimathe human heart being“ naturally tion which the words “ image of hostile to God, and adverse to re God” seem to imply:-whereas a ligion," hardly any nation in all the continuance of this very same bigha REMEMBRANCER, No, 28.

C.c

1

quality and character was preserved, it, nor any thing more than a geneand is repeated by God himself in ral moral assertion. So in 1 Cor. his command to Noah against mur. ii. 14. “ The natural man receiveth der : (Gen. ix. 6.) “ Whoso shed not the things of the Spirit of God; deth man's blood, by man shall his neither can he know them; because blood be shed: for in the image of they are spiritually discerned.” A God made he him :"- the contin- truth indisputable. The things of uance of this very " image of God” God which are attainable only by iu man, being that which should revelation, cannot be thoroughly constitute the crime of killing him, received, known, or entered into, and make the difference of offence by merely natural perception: if between destroying a man and any the word natural is the proper renother animal. And the very same dering of the original, tuxixos, anihigh attribute, or character in man, malis homo; qui humanæ tantum is preserved still later in the holy ratione lucis ducitur. And if we writings ; St. James, (iii. 9.) speak- add his other references, “ By naing of the tongue, and saying, ture children of wrath,” and “ in « therewith bless we God; and my flesh dwelleth no good thing ;" therewith curse we men who are these and other like passages, whatmade after the image or) simili ever of actual depravity they may tude of God.”

imply, yet have no connectiog cause A late writer on this subject, ap- in them from Adam, so as to make pealing to scriptural authorities, to it a necessary intimation that we prove the radical depravity of man, are totally corrupt, wholly evil by brings forward the following in- descent from him. (See Simeon's stances: Gen. vi. 4. “ the wicked- Appeal, &c. p. 25.) ness of man was great upon the On the contrary, some strong earth: and every imagination of inferences and declarations are to men's hearts was only evil con be met with in the Scripture, of nually." Spoken no doubt with in- original goodness, as ascribed to clusive reference to the state of the man by his very nature, however world before the Flood : and if true often checquered with appearances then, and in whatever degree true of a worse kind. And goodness, still, yet implying nothing as to the even very real goodness, is freorigin of such depravity ; nor what quently ascribed to individuals who Adam had to do with it; nor as if are pronounced " holy" and " righthe aversion from God and righte. teous.” And if “ the flesh lusteth ousness, here stated, implied any against the Spirit," we still read of incapacity to be otherwise, and any the spirit's acting against those necessity to be sinful; which in Aeshly propensities. (Matt. xxvi. such a case would not produce sin. 41.) Though the flesh may be weak, Again, he instances in Rom. iii. 9. the spirit of man is said to be " there is none that doeth good, no willing to follow duty. (Rom. vii. not one." Certainly, as a general 22.) St. Paul says, he " delighteth expression, very allowable; not ab- in the law of God after the inward solute good, unmixed with any alloy man;" and if the law of the memof evil. But bow is this to be bers opposes the good principle of traced as from a necessary cause in the mind, nothing is said to imply Adam ? So, in Rom. viii. 7. “ The this law to be irresistible. carnal mind is enmity against God," These and all the common exor more properly, "A carnal mind pressions of, video meliora, probois enmity against God," that is, a que, though accompanied with the mind or thought influenced by car. deteriora

sequor,

and the τα χρηστ' nal propensities; which is very true; sposareoba xan

you woxojuil, though but carries nothing of necessity in counterbalanced by the ex ixttoyages

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