« הקודםהמשך »
SCIENCE, INVENTION, DISCOVERY (Continued): SCIENCE, INVENTION, DISCOVERY (Continued): Tunny-Fishing at Solanto (George L. Austin), 335.
Process; Value of Toughened Glass in Optics; egraphing by Submarine Cable; Experiments with Unknown Picturesque, The (illustrated), 592.
Seeds; Reversing Railway Engines; Photograph- “Up Laurel" (Christian Reid), 138.
Suits; Hail-Storms Abroad; Notes, 253.
Longevity of Brain-Workers; Do Storms cross the Victor Hugo's Island-Home, A Visit to (B. F. De
Overwork; Lady Franklin; Reports from the Chal Sea Sounder; New Chemical Element looked for; Welbekomer; A Tale of the West Indies (M. E. W. S.),
The Centennial Exhibition; Trial - Shaft for the 711.
Rains; Influence of Light on Animals; Electric Who invented the “Life-Car ?” (illustrated); The Welsh Mining Feud, A (James Wight), 47.
Clocks; Submarine Torpedoes; New “Log," 317. Stocking-Darner; Bamboo for Paper; The Italian “What ails this Heart of Mine !" 617.
An Artificial Aurora (illustrated); The Clinical Ther Educational Claims of Botany ; Fallacies about At Evening-Time (Mary E. Bradley), 403.
moscope (illustrated); The British Association Ad Laws of Chance; Meteorological Observations ; At the Morgue (Edward Renaud), 78g.
Expenditure of Energy: Experiments with Light Berkshire; A Tribute -- 1875 (William C. Richards)
Counting the Graves (Mrs. S. M. B. Piatt), 692.
croscopic Slides; Notes, 829.
Fire in the Forest, A (Constance Fenimore Wool
son) (illustrated), 705.
The Allan Floating Cabin (illustrated); Relation of Squabbling (Charles Allerton), 49.
Her Ghost (Edgar Fawcett), 274.
The Palestine Exploring Expedition ; Notes, 508. Story from a Whaler, A (John Boyle O'Reilly), 268. Innominata (Barton Grey), 308.
Love and Ambition (Mary B. Dodge), 435.
Rods and Wires; New Method of obtaining Vanil Sunsets, Seven Brilliant (M. E. W. S.), 43.
The Fire at Tranter Sweatley's; A Wessex Balla
The Ideal and the Real (Joaquin Miller), 115.
The Last Days of Autumn (John Vance Cheney), 66c
The Miner's Betrothal (John James Piatt), 339.
The Rendered Rose (C. A. Warfield), 83.
Expeditions ; A Metallurgical Triumph ; Notes, Trip in Cloud-Land, A (Edgar Bronson), 659. Wedding March-On Trial, A (Fanny Barrow), 818.
Woman's Nature (M. F. Butts), 371.
INDEX TO WRITERS.
Proffatt, John, 594.
641, 673, 737, 769.
Webster, Albert F., 74, 200, 561.
316, 347, 379, 413, 445, 475, 541, 542, 606.
NEW YORK, JULY 3, 1875.
CAOUTCHOUC AND ITS GATHERERS.
three shillings, and says it will last several modern ingenuity has utilized the most valnote embodied in a second edition of one years."
uable of tropical gums ranges from the huge of his scientific works, wrote: “Since this In this humble and limited fashion was belts which drive trip-hammers and rolling. work was printed off, I have seen a substance introduced to the English-speaking world a mills, to the most delicate and fantastic chil. (nameless) excellently adapted to the purpose material which has since become one of the dren's toys; from surgical and scientific in.
of wiping from paper the marks of a black- | important necessities of civilization ; which struments to indispensable articles of clothlead pencil. It must, therefore, be of excel science has transformed into numerous articles ing; from railway-carriage springs to articles lent use to those engaged in drawing. It is of both use and luxury, and the preparation of the toilet. To realize the importance of sold by Mr. Mairne, mathematical-instrument of which in manifold ways puts bread in the India-rubber the reader need only step into maker, opposite the Royal Exchange. He mouths of thousands of mechanics and their one of the shops on Broadway exclusively sells a cubical piece of about half an inch for families. The variety of shapes in which | devoted to its varied manufactured forms,
or into one of the many factories in the among scientific men as to whether it was of gum, it can scarcely rival the South Amerioutskirts of New York, crowded with com vegetable or mineral character. The latter can article. Some attempt to naturalize the plicated and ponderous machinery for its hypothesis had some coloring of truth in the Brazilian tree in the East-Indian countries preparation. Of all the resins so abundantly fact that a bituminous product, not uncom- bas been made without success, as the Siphoyielded by the sombre and luxuriant forests mon in coal-mines, possessed some of its at nia clastica seems to need the periodical of the tropics, caoutchouc is by far the most tributes. This crude, impure variety of bitu- overflow of the river-floods to thrive with important. There is no substance which men, first discovered on the shores of the any luxuriance. In spite of the more syscould take its place. It may be bent in all naphtha-lakes of the East, is now known as tematic effort in the East Indies, directed by directions and stretched to a remarkable ex- | mineral caoutchouc.
scientific effort and cultivation to enhance tent, and yet return to its primitive form It is rather singular that, though the Bra- the value of the caoutchouc-supply from when the force is removed. It accommodates zilian caoutchouc was the earliest introduced that quarter, it would seem that the world itself to every variety of surface. It resists to European attention, the first intelligent ac must still look to the tropical regions of all the changes of atmospheric heat and cold count of it was communicated to the French South America for its main dependence. It may be divided in thin sheets, and subdi- Academy of Sciences in 1736, by M. Conde- Here the natural growth of the rubber-forvided again into elastic bands. Its elasticity mine, a man of scientific acquirements and ests is almost boundless, and, aside from the can be taken away and restored at pleasure. habits of observation, who had spent many still untouched wealth of Brazil, it seems It can be cut and moulded into a thousand years in the East Indies, where he had seen likely that other parts of the continent will different fashions according to the caprices the process of “milking" the Ficus elastica. be utilized for the same purpose, should there of taste or the devices of invention. And The memoir presented by M. Condemine was ever be need, as the Siphonia elastica has rethere is no waste, for the shreds and frag- quite curious in the prophecies he ventured cently been found in great abundance in hithments can be reunited in a uniformly solid as to the future value of the strange gum, erto unsuspected regions. piece.
many of his conjectures having been almost In taking a glance at the labors of the Allied to caoutchouc, or the raw material exactly verified by the applications of modern caoutchouc-gatherer, let us therefore turn of India-rubber, is gutta-percha, a gum al- ingenuity. The speculations of the wise to the gorgeous tropical valleys, on which most identical in many respects, yet radical- Frenchman, however, were treated as absurd scientists and travelers, from the days of ly different in certain important particulars. fancies by the greatest scientific body of Eu- | Humboldt to Agassiz, have lavished their of the latter we shall speak further on, its rope.
ardent admiration. limited supply making it a substance of far As the opening paragraph of this paper The landscape in the valleys of the great less commercial importance, though it an indicates, India-rubber about the time of the Brazilian rivers, such as the Amazon, Maswers admirably as a substitute in many di commencement of our Revolutionary War deira, Rio Negro, etc., has that character of rections, and has some important uses for was only known as a curious substance which monotonous grandeur peculiar to the alluvial which India-rubber is not adapted. Different had the property of erasing pencil-marks. As regions of the tropies. In the immediate visocieties of arts have attempted to stimulate such it continued to be known till the growth cinity of the river, the soil being the newest the discovery of new fields of supply by of- of commercial relations with Brazil intro- deposit called gapó, the vegetation rarely fering great rewards, but with very little suc- duced to the markets of Europe and America shows the splendid forms of the virgin forcess. The world still has to depend on caout-the Pará overshoes, the rude manufactures est. The big trunk of the bombacea, or the chouc, the native forests of which seem to be of Brazilian Indians of the Amazon and Ma- slender white stem of the cecropea, the luxualmost inexhaustible.
deira Rivers. Since that time the develop- rious fronds of the crown perhaps tangled Of the various interesting processes of ment of the possibilities of India-rubber has with the rich blossoms of the widely-known manufacturing India-rubber, of the scientific been rapid to a degree almost unparalleled orchid, the vanilla, is only occasionally seen. ingenuity gradually brought to bear on the in the mechanic arts, romantically strange as But a few miles back from the river comperfecting of its manipulation, which has have been many of the outgrowths of scien mences the grand forest, full of sombre but taken form in some of the most valuable pat. tific ingenuity during these latter days of fe- splendid beauty, and alive with every variety ents ever granted in England and America, verish mental activity.
of animal, bird, and insect. An intricate we do not intend here to treat. We are at The Ficus elastica, which furnishes a con- tangle of blooming shrubs and creepers, present mainly concerned in the primitive siderable quantity of the caoutchouc of com- glowing with rich color, makes a net-work stages of its production.
merce, is a cousin of the sacred Banian-tree across the path of the traveler, or coils its Caoutchoue, ordinarily known as India of the Hindoos, and grows with remarkable graceful curves about the trunks and limbs rubber, or gum-elastic, is a substance, sui rapidity. It has large, thick, shining, pointed of the gigantic trees, through which glints generis, found in the milky juices of a great leaves, much like those of its Brazilian con- of sunlight break, intensifying the bright variety of tropical trees, the most remarkable gener in color, texture, and general charac-hues of the innumerable flowery plants. being the Siphonia elastica, or cachucu, native ter, except that the latter are longer in their Anon the explorer will emerge from the luxto Brazil and Central America ; the Urceola shape. It also produces a fruit about the uriant tangle of this beautiful but difficult clastica, found in the islands of the Indian Ar size and shape of the olive, thought not edi-journeying into the more open spaces of chipelago; and the Ficus elastica of Assam and ble. The tree is found either solitary or in two the seringaes or caoutchouc-forests, which in some other parts of the East Indies. Several or three fold groups, and is recognized from many cases spread for miles in every direcwell-known European and American shrubs | afar by the picturesque appearance of its tion. also have it in their juices, but so inferior in dense and leafy crown, waving its fan-like These forests are found in the principal quality and quantity as to make the parent plumes at a distance of from seventy-five to and lateral valleys of the great rivers, the trees worthless for commercial uses. Of all one hundred feet from the ground. Many of richest of them being as yet unattacked by these trees and plants, that of Brazil is be these superb vegetable giants have been the seringueiro (caoutchouc-gatherer). It is yond computation the most important, though found shading a diameter of six hundred feet, only near the river-bank that he dares pursue a very considerable quantity of India-rubber some of them growing on mountain-slopes his lucrative but dangerous vocation, and is exported from the East Indies, inferior, twenty-two thousand feet above the sea-level. the magnificent rubber-woods, that stretch however, in quality to the Brazilian prod. The other Indian variety of the caoutchouc. back in the interior, as yet stand in all their uct.
tree, the Urceola elastica, produces kidney primitive virgin solitude. India-rubber commenced to excite curios- shaped seeds in a tawny pulp, to which the On entering the caoutchouc-forest, the ity in Europe about the year 1700 as a sub. natives become much attached as a delicious grand loneliness, unrelieved by aught except stance of strange properties, which belonged and refreshing fruit.
the multitudinous sounds of animal and into no other known material. Its first intro A large and steadily-growing business is sect life, is likely at' any monient to be disduction was probably through the Portu. transacted in India and its adjacent islands pelled for the traveler. Every mile or two, griese, who had brought it from Brazil. These, in the preparation of caoutchouc for export. but not too far from the protecting riverhowever, must have been very reticent as to But unless some chemical combination is bank, he may happen on a camp of seringueiits nature, for there were many disputes found to rectify the natural inferiority of the ros, consisting generally of the chief man and
BY THE AUTHOR OF
the twenty or thirty Mojo * Indians whom the steady depletion of its juices. The Bra- luminated obeisance against the side of its he employs, busy in gathering the valuable zilian only looks to the present, and fails in stern old cradle. gum, which is to be transported in many the calculating forethought, characteristic of There, over yonder abyss of gloom, brought cases thousands of miles before it reaches more thriving peoples, which aims to balance into life by an occasional glimmer of the the port whence it is to be shipped for use waste and use by reproduction. He, there. railway-lamps, hangs the Old Town, seeming, in the American and European factories. The fore, has to depend on the discovery of new by reason of this very basement of black Seringueiro becomes rich in a very few years, forests when he has exhausted the old. nothingness, be swinging in mid-air, like a if he is allowed to pursue his business un The huts of the seringueiros, low, thatched, gigantic glow-worm, all a-quiver. Line upon molested, but of this he is never sure. The and dirty, mostly wretched hovels of the most line the window-lights climb up, sometimes forest-depths swarm with the fierce Parentin repulsive order, must be sought on the low irregularly, like a beaded rope slackened, tin Indians, who are found most numerous, meadows or on the edge of the forest near the oftener taut with method, tattooing brilliantly as it happens, in the caoutchouc - regions. river-bank. These are rendered inhabitable the façade of old walls, up to meet the stars These red bandits are the most savage and during the inundations by the device of rais- that are pallid, and stop trembling only in antamable of the Brazilian aborigines, and ing the floors seven or eight feet in height on contrast. are very crafty in all the arts of savage war wooden piles. Here, too, is a safe shelter for We follow the uneven outlines of the
the canoe, the seringueiro's inevitable com ancient house-tops, the points of the gables, So the seringueiro camps are constantly panion, bis horse and his dernier ressort at the caps of the turrets, peaked stark against on the alert, and rarely will any of the par times of extraordinary overflow. The small the dark-blue of the sky; we see, as it were, ties venture into the lateral valleys, be they proprietor-for but few of the class possess a thistle of spires and chimneys and towers never so full of seringaes. Sooner or later the thrift and energy to grow into the wealth flowering in an emblem amid the strange old they would bave to dread an attack at dawn and capital necessary for an extensive busi- roofs of Edinburgh. of day, and their few fire-arms would be of ness—is almost as unenviable as his Mojo “I know this New Town will be awfully little avail against the long arrows and heavy laborers. He has nothing to do in the se modern and tiresome," she says, feeling at lances of their Indian assailants, ensconced ringal during the wet season except to calcu- last that I am there, and turning half round. in the dense ambush of the surrounding for late the intervals between his fits of ague, and “I never imagined the Old Town would look ests. The red men, too, are not the only watch the rapid phlebotomy practised by the like that. I am thrilled all over by it. I enemies to be dreaded. The fevers (sesoes, or most terrible of insect-pests, which are known thought I would be disappointed, just as perfebres tercianas, as the Brazilians call them) under the euphonious names of carapanás, sons are with Niagara, when they have heard are just as bad as or worse than the treacher piums, motucas, and mucuims.
so much about it. And here, instead, I am ous Indians. Many settlements on the banks
without breath enough left in me to last till of the rivers have been abandoned on account
morning. I wonder where Holyrood is? I of the prevalence of these diseases; for, on
QUEEN MARY'S GHOST. hope it is a little apart from the rest, as it the first high floods, a fever-blast is apt to
A STORY IN THREE CILAPTERS.
ought to be." sweep through the valley, carrying off, in the
“Yes, it is off there," I say, nodding my absence of adequate medical treatment, not
MARGUERITE KENT." bead indefinitely to the left; and then, still unfrequently half of the population, unless
like a child, she crowds into the right-hand they desert their homes till the coming again
corner of the window to peer as far as she
CHAPTER I of the healthy season.
can along the shining hump of the Old Town In spite, however, of the dangers that UNDAS and I have just come in from a to see Holyrood. hamper the life of the caoutchouc-gatherer, morning stroll about the Old Town of " It is there, really!"--I laugh at herthe large returns of his business are more than Edinburgh.
“but you will bave to get your hat on and enough to compensate him. Let us enter the We did not start out with any definite back again into a cab, if you wish to see it camp of seringueiros and take a glance at plan as to what we should do or see, but to-night." the process of gathering and preparation, by only to fill in our time until the ladies, after “Do you know what I would like?" she which the gum, so essential to the prosperity their tiresome journey of yesterday, should says, dangerously, under her breath to meof Brazil, is fitted for its distant markets. be rested enough to join us.
“I would like to run away with you to see The Siphonia elastica, or India - rubber As we drove from the station last night, it”-then she catches her words and half tree, grows, or at least thrives, best on a soil Miss Carew was the first to find out where laughs—"I don't mean that, either-I don't where its stem is annually submerged by the the Old Town is.
mean with you, particularly. I'd go alone if floods to the height of three or four feet. "There it is !” she cried, in her way that I could, only I can't;” and her voice drops. The best ground, therefore, for it is the gapó, is so unlike other girls, a reined-in sort of “Indeed you can't,” says Dundas, joining the lowest and most recent deposit of the enthusiasm which somehow startles one all us. “You are not going out of my sight river. It is in these rich, lush flats that the over-"there it is, like one vast castle, all once, you vixen!” caoutchouc-tree flourishes the most fruitfully. towers and steeples, and pricked everywhere I never can stand bis affectionate trifling, No attempts thus far have been made to cul- with light. I want to go up there. I don't so I turn black, I know, and away from them, tivate the tree, although this noble product want to go to an hotel first."
leaving her close at his side, with bis arm of the forest gradually suffers and dies under “You may go,” said Dundas, in the in thrown half about her, and go out into the
dulgent, balf-mocking way he has with her, night, with the conviction strengthened in The name “Mojo ” is not used by all Brazil. and which, under the rose, I am always doub me that this world is too small to hold both ians in any generic sense, as indicating a special ling up my fists at; and then, as Mrs. Ho
him and me. tribe. It is indiscriminately applied to all the Indians, who have either from choice or necessity garth was glad of a chance to put in a de I get over the feeling, though, in a measabandoned a life of absolute savagery, and banded claimer, Cecile, in her changeable fashion, ure, when, she having gone up-stairs for the together to live in villages, with a consequent retorted :
night, Dundas (I can always stand his unit) adoption of some of the habits of civilized life.
" Then I don't want to. You always spoil The Brazilian Government has pursued the policy
comes to seek me, and to smoke his last cigar of offering large inducements to the sayage tribes my fun by sayingYes.'”
in my company. As we stroll up Princes to do this. But the work has been in a great meas And Mrs. Hogarth was spared the perpe- Street, we make a compact to get up betimes ore the result of the Jesuit missionaries, who tration of a platitude. · I find the girl, when on the morrow and do a portion of the sighthave been laboring assiduously among the natives since the first organization of government by Port
we have supped, standing alone in the hotel. seeing that, man-fashion, we take for granted ugal. Many of these missions are now mostly de window, with her nose pressed against the the ladies would not care about, and thus be serted by the padres, all of them in their deca- glass in the way children do when their hearts the better able to map out for them the rest deace. But the fruit of their labors is seen in the
are in the things they look at. For a while I of the day. thriving Mojo villages and plantations in the vicinity of the old mission ruins. The Mojos con
stand, without her being aware, looking over And so by five o'clock Dundas is hammerstitate the only reliable laborers that be hired her shoulder and across the brilliantly-lighted ing vigorously at my door, and by half past in the interior provinces of Brazil.
street of the Old Town, leaning in such an il we are quit of the hotel and out in the fog,
and trying to find, by looking, where the Old off under our hats, we come all at once into saunter, two or three bears might come out Town is.
the freer atmosphere of the Netherbow.' from the umbrageous shade. We see billows of unist where the town was The fresh air even here is heavily mort But our mocking is silenced, for we are last night, and we know that the fog has rolled gaged, but we are grateful for small favors, touched to the quick by that which lies it round and round in a cocoon. It looks from and try to forget, in a spirit of devotion to the stretched before our eyes—more pathetic in here almost like a sea, and in the offing gray past, the squalor that stares at us, epito- its repose, more glorious in its state, than lines, as shrouds, run up alongside of the mized in a brood of heads from every win- may be told. spires; and when the sun fights through, and dow.
At our very feet hangs the Old Town, like the tide brings a wind to the Firth, the fog There is John Knox's bouse, all aslant a rook's-nest over the gay parallelograms or trembles and wavers, and is torn like a ban- with stories projecting one over the other, the newer city; its happy-go-lucky streets, ner, and goes scudding off from the steeples and gables atop arcbing like eyebrows, while where long ago contending factions fought as a gray-tissue flag would floating balf-mast the roof hangs over the street so far that it in bloody feud, or else ilowers were strewed high. looks half slidden off.
and tapestry was hung, and the bag-pipes Now it is gray, and now it is rent into The down-hill that starts here is the skirled as royalty went by; such mere slits in patches of amethyst and gold, until, blowing Canongate. This I know leads directly to the masonry, that the sun rarely sees the higher and higher, they curl their edges into Holyrood, and I am sorely tempted to go and pavement, and all day long the gray shade snowy petals, and float at last, wind-flowers have a look at it. My next thought is of Ce-ebbs like a tide down from the cope of one of the sky.
cile, and I hesitate. I am a fool, and think tall, gaunt house, only to creep up to the We stand a while to watch how beauti- suddenly that it would be far sweeter to wait shingles opposite. fully it is done, and with our nostrils strain- for her. I look at Dundas. He is troubled For the first time to-day I am twinged by ing at the sweet, pungent odors that the tide by no thought of her, it seems, but is staring, a spasm of romance. I am a little ashamed wind has robbed as it came across the copses with his nose in air, up at the angle, from of it, and glance aside at Dundas. He is as and pastures of the plain lying between Edin- the window of which, they say, the stern old far gone as I am, and stares, half-leaning burgh and the Firth.
Calvinist used to harangue the populace. over the battlement, down at the aged ridge The eaves over there want to drip and “I smell the brimstone round here yet," poles that his fancy is straddling witch-like. sparkle instead. The damp gathers every- he says, sniffing so industriously as to threat He would look just so if he saw in realwhere into glassy beads. The wet throats en to exhaust the already limited supply of ity the streets red with torchlight, and horseof the chimneys send up coils of black smoke oxygen. "The very pavement croaks out men charging in them amid the yells of riotthat taper into azure as the sun drives them texts."
ers and clangs of the trumpet; or perhaps a with a touch.
And then half-hating him for allowing gorgeous court pageant, where a queen, born Every thing is at its best when we cross me to think more constantly of Cecile than with an invisible red circle about her neck, is one of the bridges that span the ravine con- he does as I begin to feel I do—I turn my coming to her own. necting the Old Town with the New, and as back decisively upon Holyrood, before he I have never seen such an expression we plunge headlong into a wynd reeking may have a chance to suggest going thereupon Dundas's physiognomy before, such a with what is left of the fog, and which is and he follows me toward the castle without flaccid look of self-abnegation; and, in the dingy, and ill-savored, and romantic, all at demur.
midst of my own sympathetic fancies, I begin once.
It is almost a joy, after this breathless to wonder if I am opening my mouth like This lane is so steep that, as I go first, progress between houses seven stories bigh, that, and acting altogether like such a marDundas's head almost touches my heels at to come in sight of the flag, floating in gaudy velous idiot. every step ; so narrow that, by stretching undulations from the castle-walls. As we Of course I shut my mouth at once, knit my arms out as far as I may on either side, I come out on the esplanade, the sun bursts myself together, and turn my eyes elsewhere. can knock if I choose upon opposite house-upon us, causing us to shiver involuntarily There is the imperial crown of St. Giles, with doors at the same time.
at the tingling contrast, and we see the bare its graceful spire springing lightly from its We slip sometimes, and are glad to find kneed Highlanders pacing up and down their cluster of pinnacles, and I fall to thinking that often the paving-stones are put so as to beats.
what a fine roosting-place it must be for catch the toes of our boots when, if it were I look at my watch, and find that, if we birds, and how cool it must be kept by the not for this, we might be brought unexpect. hurry, we may yet have time for a cursory sweet sea-breezes blowing through it. It is edly aslant.
view of the castle interior before we can quite a relief to look at this, for all other Down just such a lane as this must Dun. have a right to suspect that the ladies are projections, resembling either turret or tower, dee have clattered with his handful of dra- awaiting our return to breakfast in the val are topped by quaint brown caps, bearing goons to raise the Highland clans in favor of ley below. So we hasten past the picturesque aloft vanes that twirl in the quarreling King James, while the town rang to arms in sentinels, under Argyll's prison atop the old breezes, like go-betweens, eager and deterpursuit of him; or the beauties of the old portcullis-gate, by the aged Norman chapel, | mined to suit whichever current prevails. royalty may have passed in their chairs, with about the size of my hand, and built some Dundas has rhapsodized mutely long the links flaring every now and then to enun. where in the eleventh century, and, unheeding enough, so I tell him that he better not ciate the features that were court-beloved, Mons Meg, come out on the battery inclos. waste all the few minutes he has left in that and which made jealous swords cross and re ure, from which, we have been told, we may way, as there are a great many interesting cross to the death. see the entire glory of the city.
views to be had besides this one of the Old We climb by stone lintels that are rudely It is about the only thing we have been Town. carved with armorial bearings—past pious told this morning that we really believe, and Then he stirs himself to see how the casinscriptions wreathed in different devices, as we are rewarded now for our temporary re tle hangs over a precipice hundreds of feet though the grand old Covenanters who opened lapse into faith by the extended view that we in height, a sheer descent of trap-rock, black their veins to sign their names in purple get here of the most romantic city in the with being stormed at by weather and foe, blood, not content with parchment, had at world.
and with skirts below of blossoming garden their deaths chosen stone also to glorify the As we climbed up here our young blood and shadowy park where children laugh and cause-past dates which we do not believe tell was too much for us - coagulated as it is play. the truth, they are so old.
Up we go, step by step, never lagging in we have indulged in an excess of something vigorous with life, toward the water. Bea mood of romantic inquiry, but hurrying to like satire, at the expense of the different yond are the Salisbury Crags, snarling their get to a high place, where a top to all this traditionary objects which we have passed, naked walls of green-stone in a semicircle, must be, and where we may find at least one until now it is rather fortunate for us that like teeth fast set-just as they did in the breath of fresh air. Presently we are re the city is no longer a mere village of straw. days of the cavaliers; and there is Arthur's warded, and feeling, as Dundas expresses it, thatched huts, surrounded by a dense forest; Seat, shaped as though the lion rampant of as though a bunch of fire-crackers were going else, it being a remarkably fine morning for a Scotland had couched on bis shield to rest.
by the skepticism of our generation, and out from this stretches the New Town,