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date worthy of the chair. This is what is in Canada," the Spectator says: “ The book of sense about the sums they ought to ask for called preaching for one's saint. But for the bears marks of very great industry and re- their works, particularly when an American chair of M. Guizot there was a real duel in search upon the part of Mr. Parkman; he ap- prices them.

Not an untiedged artist, not a four combats. On the one side the Republic, pears to have consulted every available origi- dibutant who has achieved his first upward on the other the Empire and Orleanism; M. nal document in the Archives of the Marine step by gaining admission to the Salon, but Jules Simon, formerly Minister of Public In- and Colonies at Paris and elsewhere, and he imagines that he would do well to compete, struction under the governments of the 4th has undoubtedly given to the world a great if not with Meissonier, and Cabanel, and GéSeptember and of M. Thiers, and M. Dumas, mass of facts of the most interesting kind re- rôme, at least with Merle and Bouguereau, in Perpetual Secretary of the Academy of Sci- lating to the French administration of Canada, the matter of prices though in nothing else. ences and Senator of the Empire. The strug- which would probably have otherwise long An American gentleman one day while strollgle was very hot. Each required only one remained hidden in dusty strong boxes. He ing through the Salon took a fancy to small vote to pass to the Immortality of the Quaran- has given any one who cares any thing at all picture by a totally unknown artist ; the work taine. If M. Dumas had not had Alexandre about the colonies an opportunity of forming was one of no particular merit, but he was Dumas against him, he would have been safe' his own opinion upon the methods by which pleased with the subject, and thought he would enough; but the author of The Demi-Monde' the monarchical administration of France like to become its possessor. He consulted a thought that there were enough Dumases there strove to make good its hold, why it achieved friend of some art-experience as to its probable already. The duel is postponed for six a certain kind of success, and why it failed at price, and was told that four thousand francs months. About that time-for things do not last.' But with all Mr. Parkman's industry (eight hundred dollars) would be more than go rapidly at the Academy-M. Lemoinne will and with all the facts which he spreads before its value. He wrote, therefore, to the artist have had his green embroidered coat made. us, he is unable to paint an harmonious histori- about it, and received the answer that twenty People will say, of course, “L'habit ne fait cal picture. The work contains a vast amount thousand francs (four thousand dollars) was the pas Lemoinne.' His rivals have already said of material, but it lies before us in disjointed price of the picture. That reply at once and that he had better put on a harlequin's coat to masses, and instead of a consecutive story, definitely closed all negotiations, and the arrepresent the different opinions which he has arranged in a clear, chronological order, with tist will probably have the pleasure of keepdefended."

certain points standing well out, based upon ing his picture in his studio for some time to

symmetrically arranged facts, we have a pile come. The Figaro gives the following diaMr. Ruskin has fulfilled the promise made of very interesting information, but not a logue of two artists strolling through the exin “ Fors Clavigera," and opened a shop in properly moulded historical work. Therefore, hibition. One asks of the other: London for the sale of pure tea to all who valuable as this book undoubtedly is, we can

How are you getting along ?' care to have the article in an unadulterated not praise its form.”

"Oh, very well,' is the answer. 'I ask state. . . . The Duchess of Edinburgh is an

now twelve thousand francs'" (twenty-four accomplished linguist. It is said that at the

hundred dollars)". for a head, and twenty czar's court she was able to speak with all the

From Abroad.

thousand'" (four thousand dollars) “• for a foreign embassadors, except the Turkish, in

full-length portrait.' their own language. ... Charles Desilver &

6. Those are my prices also.” Sons, of Philadelphia, announce a new edition

OUR PARIS LETTER.

“They walk on a little farther. HE

"How many orders have you got at those of Independence," revised

.

prices ?' and edited by the Hon. Robert T. Conrad. .. eyes upon the greater part of the pictures ex

"Not one.

And you ?' Lord Houghton, better known here, perhaps, hibited there, and it was with an actual feel

"Not one either.!!! as Monckton Milnes, expects to pay us a ing of sadness that I went to take one last It is said that the eld er artists of France visit early in the autumn. ... Mr. George Rip- long, lingering farewell look at my favorites. are responsible for these absurd prices, as ley has had the degree of LL. D. conferred All this week and the next will be devoted to they give iosidious and of course bad advice upon him by the University of Michigan-a the removal of the paintings, and then the to the rising members of the profession, wisbwell-deserved compliment. . . . Speaking of Palais d'Industrie will be fitted up for the great ing to avoid competition. I have been told Captain Lawson's "Wanderings in the Interi- Exhibition of Fluvial and Maritime Indus- that a foreigu rival was once adroitly extinor of New Guinea," about the authenticity of tries, which is to open on the 10th of July and guished by the confraternity in the following which a controversy bas been raging in Lon- remain open till November. Looking back on manner: A young and gifted Belgian artist don recently, the Spectator says: “The charm the glories of the vanished Salon, one recalls was engaged, during the sunny days of the emof this strange narrative is very great. If many of the witticisms which the pictures pire, in painting a view of the Salle d'Apollon New Guinea, according to Captain Lawson, be called forth from among the more facetious of in the Louvre. His work attracted the attennot a mirage, or such a dream as the hasheesh- the critics. Thus Bouguereau's lovely “ Holy tion of the Duke de Morny, who not only oreater summons up at will, it must be an earthly Family” was dubbed “a Raphael varnished dered a picture from him, but recommended paradise, slightly tempered by natives, ser- with cold cream ;” Brion's “Baptism

him to the notice of the empress, who gave perts, and ‘yagi' spiders.” ... The French styled “ a remarkably well-painted satin cover- him a commission for two pictures, for which papers announce that Prince Richard von let, with infantile accessories;” Munkacsy's he was to fix his own price. The work finMetternich is preparing his father's memoirs " Harem Scene" " “ should have had the lan- ished, he consulted some of his artist friends for publication. ... The Athenaeum has dis- tern in the centre lighted to let the spectators in Paris as to the price he ought to ask. A covered that the American publishers of Gen- see what was going on," etc., etc. The most distinguished Italian portrait-painter, then reeral Sherman's “Memoirs" paid “the enor- popular picture with Americans has undoubted-siding in Paris, advised him to fix no sum, but mous sum of seventy-three thousand dollars ly been the aforesaid “ Holy Family." Had to leave the amount to the well-known generosfor the copyright." ... Mr. Trevelyan's “ Life it not become the property of the lucky pro- ity of his imperial patroness, * Nonsense!" of Lord Macaulay,” to be published shortly in | prietor of the Bon Marché, M. Aristide Bouci- cried his French advisers; “charge high for London, will be much more social than politi- cault, before the exhibition opened, it would your pictures, it is the government that pays, cal in character. . . . It is whispered that, in undoubtedly have speedily found its way to and governments are always expected to pay spite of assertions to the contrary, Sir Arthur our shores. The finest picture in the Salon largely." In an evil hour he followed the adHe!ps has left behind him a diary which, was probably the noble portrait of Madame vice of his French counselors. The sum that though not “official,” coutains many singular Pasca, by Bonnet, though the vigor and intel- he demanded was far beyond the value of such political revelations, and that it will be pub- ligence displayed in the “Respha” of George | paintings from so youthful and comparatively lished about the beginning of next winter.... Becker have met with due appreciation. The inexperienced a hand, and the empresa, disJohn Bright is reported to be writing his auto- painter of this painful, powerful, and gigantic gusted at his apparent rapacity, never gave biography. ... The Athenæum says that in picture is said to be the smallest artist in Par- him another order. “Miss Angel" Miss Thackeray has given us is, being scarcely taller than a boy of twelve A monument to the memory of Théopinile in the guise of a story a most interesting pict- years of age. The American artists made a Gautier is to be inaugurated in the Cemetery ure of that Georgian time which her father remarkably creditable display this year, Mr. of Montmartre, on Thursday next. This monuappreciated so well, and which, in spite of Wylie's two fine pictures being much com- ment, the work of one of the friends of the defaults, both moral and political, produced, on · mended, as were also the contributions of ceased poet, M. Godebski, a Russian sculptor, the whole, the best specimens of our race Messrs. Knight and Healy. The panic in is composed of a sarcophagus in Carrara marwhich England has seen for the last two cen- America will probably have the effect of low- ble, on which is placed a statue of Poetry, turies. We cannot hear too much of the age ering the prices of pictures as well as of other | leaning on a medallion portrait of Gautier, which produced Johnson and Reynolds." articles of luxury. It is a strange fact that the which is said to be a striking resemblance. In a long review Parkman's “Old Régime rising artists over bere have not one particle The monument was gotten up by a subscrip

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tion among the personal friends of the poet, M. Godebski having contributed his work, and M. Dreret, the architect who presided at the placing of it (a task, by-the-way, of no little difficulty, as the space was restricted and unfavorably situated), having also refused to charge for his services. A monument to Jules Janin, by the same sculptor, is to be inaugufied in the Cemetery of Montparnasse on the Path of this month.

A commemorative service for the repose of the soul of the unfortunate Emperor Maxi| pilian was celebrated on Saturday last, in the

Church of St. Augustine, the Bonapartist church par excellence. Some eighty persons kdy were present, among whom were several Vexicans. One old woman, who had taken op her station in one of the side-chapels, was moeh affected, and wept profusely. That was be only evidence of emotion displayed by uy one there. As a rule, the congregation soked bored, and very much as if they would prefer a drive in the Bois to thus honoring the memory of that royal victim to imperial pliey.

Ernest Legouvé has just published in the imps a curious article about Mademoiselle Rebel and his great play of" Adrienne LecouTrear," which, it will be remembered, he Frote in collaboration with Scribe. He says: * Adrienne Lecouvreur' had been composed

Mademoiselle Rachel at her own request, I might even say in answer to her prayer. Naakespeare has written, ‘Frailty, thy name is Finan,' and the name of Mademoiselle Rachel Tas variableness. Changeable by nature and by inagination, she was still more so by weakDesa; she consulted everybody, and every body ud some influence over her. The raillery of seritic would suffice to disenchant her with the idea which had inost charmed her a moLent before, and so it occurred with ' Adriane.' Her advisers terrified her respecting this excursion into the domains of the romanbe drama. "What! Hermione and Phèdre sent to speak in prose, the daughter of Corneille and Racine become the goddaughter 6 M. Scribe ? It would be a profanation.'

* The day of the reading before the compa17, Mademoiselle Rachel arrived, resolved to piise her rôle. Scribe took his manuscript, ini commenced the reading, while I looked c. buried in a vast arm-chair. Then was l'ere unfolded before me a double comedy, tly, ours, and secondly, that which was ently taking place in the hearts of the socié

* Vaguely instructed as to the secret inCrations of their illustrious comrade, they Di themselves in a very delicate position. á sama, written for Mademoiselle Rachel, riwhich Mademoiselle Rachel would refuse

play, might become a grave subject of diffiTres for the theatre, and even the cause of a bysuit if it were received by the committee. Therefore, the committee studied the reading f. Adrienne' from the countenance of MaSemoiselle Rachel. As that countenance recated perfectly impassible, they too re- Ened impassible. Throughout these five

acts she never smiled, she never aptired, she never applauded; they neither bied, approved, nor applauded. So comte was the general immobility that Scribe, coking that he saw one of our judges on the ** of going to sleep, interrupted the reading Sav, ' Pray, do not put yourself out on my *int, I beg of you.'

The sociétaire pro*ed vigorously against the accusation."

Of course the piece was refused. The next y three different managers came to treat for

work. One of them insisted upon having 4 saying, "My leading lady has never yet

had a death-scene on the stage, and she would death of her young sister Rebecca, her grief
be so glad to die by poison!” But notwith- was great, for her family affections were very
standing this touching appeal, Scribe resolved strong. But suddenly, on the third day, a
to return his play, in the hope that the great strange terror became mingled with her sorrow.
actress, for which it had been especially com- She remembered that her own name also was
posed, might yet consent to appear in it. She Rebecca, and that she had only taken that of
did consent, after the piece had been a second Rachel on the occasion of her dibut at the Gym-
time read before the committee, this time by pase, and at the request of M. Poyison. Seized
Legouvé instead of Scribe, and from that time with an insane affright, she cried, “It is I who
forward throughout all the rehearsals, she was am Rebecca – it is I who am dead!' Alas!
the most patient and devoted of interpreters she was not far wrong. A few years later she
and collaborators. Legouvé relates the follow- died like her sister, and of the same disease as
ing incident: “A short time before the first her sister!”
representation, we had an evening rehearsal. Legouvé went to visit her during her last
Scribe, detained at the Opera by the rehearsals illness; she was unable to receive him, but she
of 'Le Prophète,' did not come. The first wrote him a charming letter of thanks, which
four acts brought us to eleven o'clock; 'every- terminated with these words:
body left except Mademoiselle Rachel, M. “No one can better delineate female cbar-
Regnier, M. Maillart, and myself. Suddenly, acters than yourself. Promise to write me &
Mademoiselle Rachel said to me: “We are picce for my rentrée."
masters of the theatre now, suppose we try Three days later she was dead.
that fifth act which we have not yet re- Mademoiselle Aimée, “the Schneider of
hearsed ? I have studied it by myself for America,” as some one once called her, has
three days past, and I should like to learn the returned home (it is said with a fortune of
effects of my studies.' We descended on the sixty thousand dollars) from her transatlantic
stage, the gas-jets and the foot-lights were ex- trip. She has bought a handsome residence at
tinguished, our only light was a smoky little Nogent-sur-Marne, and gave her house-warm-
oil-lamp beside the prompter's box, wherein ing festival the other day. She is engaged at
there was no prompter; the only spectators the Variétés for next season, and will make
were the chief fireman asleep on a chair be- her rentrée in her favorite rôle of Fiorella in
tween the two side-scenes, and I myself, "Les Brigands."

Lucy II. HOOPER.
seated in the orchestra. From the very be-
ginning, I was thrilled to the heart by the ac-
cents of Mademoiselle Rachel. Never before

OUR LONDON LETTER. had I seen her so simple, so true to nature, so powerfully tragic. The gleams of the smoky Mr. Ruskin-our greatest art-critic at one lamp cast weird pallors upon her countenance, time, though, I am afraid, full of eccentricity and the vast hollow of the empty auditorium lent now-bas come forward as Miss Thompson's a strange and funereal sonority to her voice. champion ; Miss Thompson of “Roll-Call” The act ended, we returned to the green-room. fame I mean, of course. In a little volume Passing before a mirror, I was struck with my which he has just published—“Notes on some paleness, and I was still more struck on per- of the Principal Pictures exhibited in the ceiving that M. Regnier and M. Maillart were Rooms of the Royal Academy, 1875” – bo as pale as I. As to Mademoiselle Rachel, who speaks most enthusiastically of that young sat silently apart, shaken with little nervous lady's “ Quatre-Bras,” around which, by-thetremors, she wiped away a few tears that still way, there is still a motley crowd all day long flowed from her eyes. I went to her, and for at the Academy. “I never,” says Mr. Ruskin my sole eulogium I pointed out to her the (who but the other day, let me whisper, startagitated countenances of her comrades ; then, ed a shop here for the sale of unadulterated taking her hand, I said :

tea), " approached a picture with more iniqui** My dear friend, you played that fifth act tous prejudice against it than I did Miss as you will never again play it in all your life.' Thompson's, partly because I have always

"That is true,' she answered, “and do said that no woman could paint, and, secondyou know why?'

ly, because I thought what the public made * Yes; was because there was no one such a fuss about must be good for nothing. present to applaud you, so that you did not But it is Amazon's work, this,” he goes on; think of the effect to be produced ; and thus, no doubt of it, and the first pre-Raphaelite in your own eyes, you became the unhappy picture of battle we have had, profoundly Adrienne, dying at night in the arms of her interesting, and showing all manner of illustwo friends.'

trative and realistic fuculty.” Again : “ The “She remained silent for a moment, and then sky is the most tenderly painted and with the she replied :

truest outlines of cloud of all in the exhibi66. You are mistaken, it was not thus at all. tion; and the terrific piece of gallant wrath There took place within me a far stranger phe- and ruin on the extreme right, where the nomenon: it was not for Adrienne that I wept, cuirassier is catching round the neck of his but for myself. Something-I know not what horse as he falls, and the convulsed fallen --told me suddenly that I was destined to die horse just seen through the smoke below, is young like her. It seemed to me that I was wrought, through all the truth of its frantie in my own room, that my last hour had come, passion, with gradations of color and shade and that I was looking on at my own death- which I have not seen the like of since Turagony, and when at the words “ Farewell, O ner's death." A warın tribute, surely! What triumphs of the stage !--farewell, intoxications will Miss Thompson's deriders—and they are of the art that I have loved!" you saw me shed many--say now? real tears, it was because I thought with de- Mr. Gye has-or, at least, thinks be basspair that time would efface all vestige of my got another prize ; let us hope a second Zare genius, and that soon there would remain noth- Thalberg. This time she is a young Chicago ing of that which was once Rachel.'”

lady, who has just entered into a three-years' This presentiment of early death haunted engagement with him, and who is forth with the great actress all through her brilliant ca- to be put under the best masters. This I

Legouvé relates the following strange know, and this is about all I know, for Mr. incident:

Gye always keeps his engagements remarka" When Mademoiselle Rachel learned the bly close ; indeed, he has recently had a quar

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rel with the Atheneum because it has been selle Chapuy, a young lady who for some time sand-blast might more properly be ranked as #1 chronicling some of them without his author- studied in Paris as an actress. She played a discovery, since the inventor kas merely ization. Hence it is that I cannot give you the Violetia in Verdi's “Traviata," and was re

adapted to the arts a process which Nature name of the young lady ; but probably some ceived with remarkable enthusiasm. Four

has long since used, and by which she has of your readers may be able to guess. times was she called before the curtain after

carved out from rocks and mountain-sides The new book - announcements are few; the first act. Yet after all she is far from

those massive monuments and grotesque authors and readers and even publishers—for faultless. Her voice is flexible and powerful,

“ reliefs " which are a feature of our Western after all publishers are human-are thinking it is true; she has, moreover, a thoroughly more of the approaching holidays than of good ear for time and tune; yet she lacks feel

wonder-land. writing, reading, or issuing. However, a ing. Her master, whoever he may have been, Through the courtesy of Mr. Gorham work by Mr. George Henry Lewes—" Philoso- was obviously more bent on teaching her to Blake, general agent for the United States, pher Lewes"_“On Actors and the Art of sing correctly than with heart.

we have been permitted to allow our artist Acting,” is in the press ; so is Mr. Arthur Ar- One of our best writers of lyrical verses, to secure drawings of the latest and most nold's translation of his friend Señor Caste- Guy Roslyn, the younger brother, I may tell

improved forms of sand-blast machines, and lar's “Life of Byron.” Mr. Arnold, I should you, of Mr. Joseph Hatton, the author of " The

thus are enabled to give to our readers the mention here, is on the point of retiring from Tallants of Barton," and the editor and pro

first authorized illustration of them. Dethe editorship of the little Echo; his brother, prietor of the Hornet, is about to issue his first Mr. Edwin Arnold, still sticks to the redac- volume. It will be called “ Village Verses," ferring till a second paper all reference to teur-ship of the Telegraph. A new novel, and will include the many pleasing little

the work of the sand-blast, particularly as “ The Boudoir Cabal,” by the author of poems he has written in the various maga

that work pertains to the cutting and engrav. “ Young Brown," a very clever story which zines.

ing of glass, we shall limit ourselves at pres. ran through one of our magazines, is also in One of the funniest, and therefore most ent to a brief general notice of the principle. the press, and that is almost all.

absurd, farces I have seen for a long time has upon which the success of the process deMrs. Craik, the author of " John Halifax," been produced at the Adelphi, where Mr. Hal

pends, and a description of the devices by has just given us, through Messrs. Daldy, Is- liday's version of "Nicholas Nickleby” is

which these principles are applied. bister & Co., a volume of " Sermons out of still running. It is by Mr. Martin Becker. Church." It is, I need hardly say, full of

In its simplest conceivable form the sandHere is the plot, condensed, like Australian earnest and eloquent writing. The

blast machine may be described as nothing “An eccentric old gentleman, Mr. Van

meat: are six in number, and are entitled derpump, having, as well as his memory serves

more than a box containing sifted quartz-sand " What is Self-Sacrifice?" " Our Often In- him, secreted four thousand pounds in bank- fastened upon an elevated shelf, and from the firmities," " How to train up a Parent in the notes of one thousand pounds each in a pair bottom of which depends a tube, through which Way he should go," “ Benevolence-or Be- of old slippers, of all places in the world, finds the sand may be conducted and allowed to neficence,” “My Brother's Keeper," and to his horror that somebody has stolen, lost, fall on the substance to be carved out or “Gather up the Fragments." Even when or mislaid the articles supposed to be thus

engraved. This substance which is to be Mrs. Craik talks in platitudes, and she does richly lined, and, in this terrible extremity,

acted upon must, however, belong to that not often do that, the neatness of her phrase- offers his well-dowered daughter in marriage ology makes them seemingly new.

class generally known as brittle, such as glass to wbichever of her many suitors may succeed The farewell dinner to Mr. Barry Sullivan in finding the missing treasure. The stage is

or stone, though hard woods are at times will be a grand affair. The great tragedian,

soon bestrewn with all manner of second-hand used, and also the polished surfaces of softer for a fine actor he is, is a general favorite not slippers, saving only the pair that is required;

metals which are rendered rough thereby. only with the members of his own profession, subsequently, Mr. Vanderpump gets into a When this jet of sand is caused to fall with but with authors and artists as well. Conse- towering passion in the consulting-room of a an increased force upon the object to be quently, there is sure to be a goodly turn-out dentist, who, to keep him quiet, makes him

engraved, the results are more decided and in his honor. The banquet will, most proba- | inhale the laughing-gas used for the purposes

more readily obtained, and hence the use of bly, take place at the Alexandra Palace, where of painless dentistry. It is while under this Mr. Sothern and her majesty's opera-company

an air or steam-blast has been adopted at the influence that the old gentleman kicks off his have been performing, and the Earl of Dun

outset, giving to the device the name of sand. boots, when inside them are found the miss

blast. The sand - blast may, therefore, be raven, an intimate friend of Mr. Sullivan, will ing notes. Miss Vanderpump marries the denpreside. tist, and all ends happily.” As old Vander

briefly defined as a device by which common Mr. Carlyle is still hale and hearty, and as pump, Mr. Fawn is amazingly mirth-provok- sand, powdered quartz, emory, or any sharp antagonistic to things as they are as ever. Dr. ing. I verily believe he could make even our cutting material, is forced or blown upon the Kenealey and the electors of Stoke form one prime-minister laugh!

surface of any brittle substance, through of his favorite subjects of conversation. The

WILL WILLIAMS.

whịch means the latter is cut, drilled, or envenerable philosopher holds that the irrepres

graved. We have used the word brittle as sible doctor's return to Parliament furnishes a conclusive proof that the democratic theory Science, Invention, Viscovery. reatment by the blast, in order that the

susceptible of of government is driving England at express speed to the devil -I mean the nether abyss.

reader may the ruore readily comprehend the

THE SAND-BLAST. There are a good many notable works in

simplicity of the method by which the surface

ROM a descriptive circular now before of such substance may be protected as well Prominent among these is a series of drawings us, we learn that “ on the 8th of Octo- as exposed. In order to insure this protecby Mr. Herbert Heckomer, whose “ The Last ber, 1870, letters-patent of the United States tion, and prevent the sand from acting on any Muster" is one of the most striking and orig- were granted to General B. C. Tilghman, of portion of the surface upon which it falls, it inal paintings in this year's Academy. Sev- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for the cutting, is only necessary to cover that portion with a eral of Bida's drawings illustrative of the Gos

grinding, etching, engraving, and drilling stencil of malleable or tough material, such pels - the complete series, one hundred and

stone, metal, wood, or any hard substance, as lead, iron, rubber, leather, or even paper. twenty-eight in number, is valued at five thousand pounds--are on view in the same gallery.

by means of a jet or blast of sand." Though To this list of so-called stencil material may Briton Rivière, Perey Macquoid, Rajon, Jac

there may be few of our readers who are not also be added, as the result of recent experiquemart, J. D. Huiber, Legros, and many

familiar with the general principles of the ments, rubber-paint, or ink. Of the methods others, also contribute ; indeed, altogether,

sand-blast, yet it is possible that many are adopted for the application of these stencils, counting drawings, engravings, and etchings, still unaware of its marvelous efficiency, ac- mention will be again made when we come to there are over five hundred “ exhibits." This complisbing, as it does, even more than is notice tbe work of the sand-blast, and we is the third year of the exhibition, so it may set down in the comprehensive claim above will now proceed to briefly describe, aided by now be looked upor as established. By-the- quoted. In fact, it may safely be asserted that, illustrations, the latest improved form of maway, L. l'Hermitte sends some drawings wbich

both for its simplicity of method and extent chine for cutting flat plates, as in use at the are really remarkable as showing what may

of operation, the sand-blast deserves a place company's agency, No. 81 Centre Street, New be done with charcoal in the way of color.

York. The two opera-houses continue to put forth

very near the first rank among the many in. fresh attractions; every other night or so, some

genious devices of this, the age of invention. Let it be supposed that it is desired to one or other makes his or her debut. One of the Though protected by letters-patent, and thus simply grind or depolish the whole surface last débutantes at ller Majesty's is Mademoi- classed among the order of inventions, the of a glass plate, so that it sball present the

the just-opened Black-and-White Exhibition. FROM

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appearance of ordinary ground glass. Since in this case the whole surface is to be acted upon evenly and alike, there will be no occa

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them is slowly conveyed out of sight and be. the aid of a screw and hoppers to the box neath the sheet of falling sand. The instant above, to be used over again, so long as the the sand-particles come in contact with the feeding in of the glass plates is kept up. The

rate at which these plates travel beneath the sand varies from six to thirty inches a minute, according as the nature of the work de. mands. Where it is desired to cover the plate with a pattern, it is evident that the stencils may be adjusted to it before its introduction into the machine.

In the second figure we have an illustration of a simple device by which glass plates may be bored. This is effected by means of an exhaust rather than a blast. The air is exhausted from a cylinder here shown at the right, and thus the sand is drawn up from a receptacle at the left, and projects itself with force against the glass plate above, after which it falls back into a circular box, whence it is again lifted as before. It is by the aid of a device somewhat similar in construction to this that glass globes are ground and engraved.

In this brief description of the sand-blast machine we have purposed to present the main features of the latest improved form ; and, as the illustrations were prepared with the special purpose of accomplishing this, a careful examination of them will take the place of a more extended description. Enough has been said, however, to prove to the reader that it is in the idea rather than in the method of its adaptation that the genius of the inventor appears—that is, so far as the sand-blast machine is concerned—but in our second paper on the nature and variety of the work accomplished we shall be able to show how well have the demands for special contrivances been met by the same mind that accomplished the original design.

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Lest certain of our readers might covdemn

the position we assumed last week in regard sion to use any form of protecting stencil, } polished surface of the glass, the work of

to the mythical Keely motor, we are induced and the plate therefore may be taken at once grinding” begins, and soon the glass plate to reopen the case with a view to presenting to the machine. This machine is of the gen- appears at the opposite side with a rough but additional testimony in support of the views eral form and construction shown in the

then set forth. This testimony, which has larger of the accompanying illustrations, and

come to our notice since the preparation of may be thus described : Resting upon a frame

our adverse opinion, is from an authoritative work, and inclosed in a box-like apartment,

source, and hence should be accepted as of

decided weight and influence. The Scientific is a smaller box, open at the top and with

American, deeming the subject worth even slanting sides, which is filled with the or

more space than it really deserves, devotes a dinary quartz-sand. At the bottom of this

page of its editorial space to an historical and bor is a long slit, through which the sand

critical review of the new motor' and its claims. förs into the blast-chamber below. The end

After alluding to this latest contrivance as one of the slit appears in the illustration just be

" the chief purpose of wbich appears to be low the main blast-pipe, which leads in from

the wriggling of money out of silly people," the right. At the bottom of this slit is a de

the paper concludes by disclosing in a few rice, not as yet made public, by which the

brief paragraphs the weak point in the wboie

claim. Referring to the surprising fact that sand is conveyed into the blast-chamber, and

men of tried experience and business capabilTet the blast not allowed to force its way up

ity have become interested in the scheme, the vard. This blast-chamber is shown by its

editor adds: “ We can account for this only elfred side, and within this the blast is

by supposing that they mistake mere pressure maintained at such a pressure as the nature

for motive power. But mere pressure is not of the work demands. The sand, having

motive power—it is simply a resultant of mohillen into this receptacle, is at once forced

tive power. A very slight motive power, if by the pressure of the blast down through a

sufficiently long continued and properly apsecond and still narrower slit below, and

plied, may produce the greatest pressure. A

weight of only a single pound, hung upon the passes out from it in the form of a long, thip

extremity of a suitable lever, is sufficient to sheet. The glass plate to be acted upon is

produce a pressure at the opposite end of the placed upon the shelf at the left and before

lever of ten thousand pounds or more to the the opening indicated. A series of sipall regularly depolished surface. The sand in

square inch. To persons not familiar with the belts, moving over rollers concealed by the the mean time falls or is blown into a re- laws of mechanics (and this, we think, is shell, serve as carriers to the plate, wbich by ! ceptacle below, from which it is removed by probably the situation of most of the Keely

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NEWSPAPERS IN MADRID.

investers), the exhibition of a gage showing purpose, though the immediate source of sup- Among the more recent of labor - saving ten thousand pounds pressure might readily ply be a different one. His plan is to have in machines may be noticed that designed for be regarded as proof positive of an enormous some convenient locality a flask or flasks, each the painting of the laths of Venetian blinds. power behind the page - whereas the actual about three feet in length, and one foot in di- By its aid the inventor claims that he can power, concealed from view, might be only a ameter, containing about one hundred pounds paint six hundred blind-laths of ordinary size weight of one pound. In cases of this kind, of the gas in a liquid state. From the top of in an hour. The machine is described as simwhen a body is lifted or a pressure produced, these flasks pipes are to be so fitted as to con- ple in structure, and has already been practithe inquirer should take pains to ascertain duct the gas when free into the hull. In its cally tested in a large English window-blind what the extent of the original moving power application the same plan is adopted as in that factory. or weight is. If this precaution be taken, the above mentioned. Instead of opening cocks falsity of motors like Keely's may be at once and admitting acid into the marble boxes, the

MESSRS. NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA, the welldetected. In the example of Keely, the cer- compressed gas is by this same method re- known meteorological-instrument makers, have tificate of Collier shows that a hydrant force leased, when it at once assumes its normal con- lately added to their list of thermometers, a of twenty-six and one-quarter pounds to the dition, and fills the entire vessel below-decks. new form of exceeding delicacy to be known inch is always required to run the machine.

as the “ health-indicator." It is designed, as This force, if applied to a common wheel or

A PATENT has recently been issued in

its name indicates, for the use of physicians engine, would produce a considerable amount

France for a new method for obtaining paper- in determining the temperature of the patient's of constant mechanical power. But the mov

pulp from sugar-cane refuse, which, according blood, and the main feature, and that upon ing force is nearly all wasted in Keely's de

to the Technologiste, promises to prove of con- which its extreme sensitiveness depends, ib vice, for he is only able to drive a toy-engine

siderable value. For many years one of the the use of fusil-oil instead of mercury. for a minute or two at a time. This does not

leading features of the Southern sugar-house look much like driving a train of cars from

has been its cane-furnace, devised with the A novel method for aiding in the disinPhiladelphia to New York, or crossing the

special purpose of burning the refuse cane, fecting of apartments has recently been deocean, without the consumption of coal.”

which otherwise would prove an unwieldy vised by Reissig, of Darmstadt. It is in the

by-product. ' The plan, as proposed by MM. form of fumigating cavals, so composed that The question as to the nature and extent

Meritens and Kresser, may be briefly noticed so long as they are lighted a continuous stream of the influence which forests exercise on cli

as follows: The refuse or “trash" as it comes of sulphurous gas is given off. mates commauds the thoughtful attention of

from the mill, being still charged with a limmany careful observers, and the fact that the

ited amount of saccharine matter, gum, albucontroversy is so prolonged proves beyond mon, etc., is exposed to a jet of steam in a

Miscellany : question that there is much to be said on both

closed vessel, and then repressed. The efsides. Among the more recent papers pre

fect of this treatment is to remove the foreign NOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE sented with a view to establishing the affirmasubstances, including a certain portion of

AND THERE. tive of the argument, viz., that the climate

available “juice," and leave the refuse in a and other physical conditions of our globe are

state to be more readily rendered available as certainly modified by the existence or removal pulp. In order to obtain this latter in a state

ROM Mrs. Harvey's “Every-Day Life in of forests, is that of M. J. Clavé, in the last fit for paper-making material, the refuse is

we make a second selection of, number of the Revue des Deux Mondes. After

now passed lightly through an alkaline bath, entertaining passages : repeating with renewed emphasis the well

and afterward washed in acidulated water. known points regarding the prevention of

The inaterial is then in a condition for treatevaporation and sudden snow-thaws where ment by the paper-maker, who bleaches it

An amusing scene often takes place on thi the land is wooded, the writer suggests a poswith chlorine, and, by the usual process, pre

evenings when El Combate, a cheap republimee sible etfect which forests may have on produpares it for the rolls. It is said that fibre so

newspaper of advanced opinions, makes i's cing rain, which is certainly worthy of considprepared needs less chlorine than those usual

appearance. eration. Forests are obstacles to atmospheric ly used, and there can be no question as to the

Great latitude is allowed in Madrid to te movements, hence, when rapidly-moving airdemand of some such process as this by which

press, and personal abuse of the ministit currents come in contact with them, their onan immense by-product can be made available

usually passes unnoticed; but El Combate son ward course is checked, and they are forced in the industrial arts.

times exceeds all bounds, and occasionally i.. upward. As a result of this upward movement the layers above are compressed and so

Some interesting and significant experi- dulges in an article so exceptionally viole! ments on the influence of certain compounds

that the editor is fined, the paper suppresser compelled to yield up some of their moisture. on the germination of seeds have recently

and the day of its reappearance is doubtful. Another interesting fact is noticed with rebeen made by Häckel, the results of which ap

No sooner is the cry of El Combate", gard to the influence of forests upon hail

heard than the street is in an uproar. Bun pear to confirm views advanced by observers storms, which is to check them. An instance of this is given, to the effect tbat, during one

many years ago. Certain seeds which, when dreds hurry out of the cafés, because every 0. of these storms in France, it was observed exposed to the action of pure water alone, be

who wishes to buy a copy must stand rear' that when, during its onward course, a forest

gan to germinate after eight days, when kept with his money in his hand, as the news! moist with jodine-water germinated in five

come rushing along, disposing of their buur was encountered the hail was changed to rain, days. With bromide-water the same result fol.

of papers as rapidly as possiblo ; for, sha the hail being resumed in the unwooded counlowed after three days, and when chlorine

an article be suspected and a gendarme apl try beyond.

water was used the interval was decreased to in pursuit, the packets disappear in an insa, two days. These experiments belong to the

and away go the venders down the maze In a former note attention was directed to

order which “ anybody can try," and we a novel method proposed for the extinguishshould be pleased to learn from our renders

We one evening saw such a chase, and m ing of fires on shipboard. This consisted

the results of any similar observation in this exciting and amusing it was, a real chase simply in placing, at given intervals along the direction,

law versus vews; but the newsman had capi! floor of the hull, vessels containing broken

legs, of which he made good use, and, is! marble or some other carbonate; to these lead- A corres PONDENT of Science Gossip having before he had arrived at the end of the Alcat pipes were to conduct sulphuric acid from claimed for the cypress of Somma, in Lom- his papers were all sold, and he lind fairly d tanks above. When the fire was discovered / bardy, the honor of being the oldest tree on tanced his pursuer, who, encumbered by 1 the batches were to be instantly closed, the record, his statement is met by a second writ- long sword and other accoutrements, madel valves admitting the acid into the pipes er who states that there is at Anuradhapura, in an ineffectual struggle, and gave in when a opened, and, as a result, the carbonic acid dis- Ceylon, a bo-tree which was planted B. c. 288, reached the rising ground near the middle o engaged by the union of the acid with the two hundred and forty-six years before the birth the street. lime of the marble would fill the whole hull, of the Lombardy tree. Regarding this as the Of course, just now, intelligence is engerly and act as a smothering agent, thus extin- oldest tree, the writer states that it would have sought for, and the evening papers have s guishing the fire by surrounding it with a non- been blown down long ago but for a thick wall rapid sale; but, though they are read, no one supporting atmosphere of carbonic-acid gas. built around the trunk, and all its main branches thinks of believing the intelligence they conA second and for many reasons a more prac- are supported by pillars. The leaves that fall tain. “Son todos mentitores estan diciendo tical application of the same principle, is that off are collected by Buddhist priests every mil disparates” (they say all sorts of np of given by Lieutenant Barber, United States day, and are kept in a holy part of the temple. sense), said our Spanish servant, as he brotació! Navy, who, in a letter to the Scientific Amer- They are also sold to the people as a sovereign us a bundle of newspapers. And accouu'yal is jis ican, proposes to use the same gas for a like balm for sin,

victories gained, with details of the Ctos aple.

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