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We certainly did not starve on our journey, | temptuous, at the message delivered him by a belong to the German Legion.” “You are for the carriage was well stored with Parisian boy aide-de-camp.

wrong,” replied the young aide-de-camp: “I comestibles, French and Rhine wines. Vienna To the “gentlemen of England who live am confident they are French. Remember, was peopled with sovereigns, embassadors, at home at ease," and whose ideas of hard- I have no orders for you to fire, but if you ministers of state, and generals, and there ship are very like those of the young guards- ceased under the impression that they were was a succession of festivities from morning man who said, or rather is reported to have friends, not foes, I advise you again to blaze till night. These festivities were suddenly said, “he could manage to rough it on beef- away.” In a second the artillery-officer took put an end to by the escape of Napoleon I. steaks and port wine," I must point out that the hint, and again "opened the ball" in a from the isle of Elba. A rumor bad reached the duty of an aide-de-camp of Wellington's, way that made the French take to their horses' us early one morning that such had been the although one of the highest honor, was not heels. When this was mentioned to Welling. case, and Wellington immediately proceeded quite the bed of roses many supposed it to ton, he applauded the judgment and energy to the palace. Shortly afterward I met Eu- have been. Fancy a long ride of some fifteen of his aide-de-camp. gène Beauharnais, Napoleon's step-son, who leagues, under a broiling sun or the “ pelting, Wellington has been accused of want of confirmed the report. From that moment un- pitiless storm,” over a wild, mountainous sympathy for individuals, and of having an til the 29th of March, when we left Vienna for tract, or through plains intersected with riv- insufficient sense of the services of his army. Brussels, my chief was entirely occupied in ers and ditches; a straggler from the enemy's He certainly was not demonstrative when on business or absorbed in thought. Upon arriv- ranks, deserter from your own, or pilfering | duty, his habitual reserve often concealing ing at Brussels, Wellington shook me warmly peasant of the country, looking out to enrich feelings that he was chary of displaying; but by the hand, and, in a most feeling manner, himself by quietly shooting you througb the he was always fair and just, when circumsaid “ that, as he was anxious to replace on head. You reach the place of your destina- stances did not involve a compromise of his staff those officers who had served him in tion, deliver your dispatches, devote the half- system, or interfere with his sense of the the Peninsula, he could no longer retain me." hour your chief has allotted you to rest and public advantage. I could give many idThis sounded like a death-blow to my hopes; refreshment, and retrace your steps to head- stances of his kindness of heart, but two my disppointment was, however, considerably quarters. The next morning the note of prep- must suffice. Although the Iron Duke was lessened by his grace adding, “I will appoint aration is heard, an action is anticipated; the ever foremost in the fray, he was you to the first vacancy.” Most strictly did eagle-eye of Wellington burns with unusual wounded except upon one occasion, and tbat he keep his word ; for, a few days before the fire, some deed is to be done before sunset. was at Orthez, where he received a severe allied army entered Paris after the battle of Before noon you are in the midst of it; you contusion in his hip from a spent ball. This Waterloo, I, then an extra aide-de-camp to are ordered to the right of the line to bring up prevented him directing in person the last General Maitland, encamped with the Guards a regiment to support another nearly over- movements of the army on that day, but be in the Bois de Boulogne, received a few lines whelmed by the superior force of the enemy. did not quit the field until Soult had began from the duke, saying that, in consequence You gallop along the ensanguined field strewed to retreat. In this engagement, my elda of the lamented death of Colonels Gordon and with the wounded and the dead ; you reach the brother, the late Duke of Richmond, was Canning, two vacancies had occurred, one of commanding officer, deliver the brief order most severely wounded while leading his conwhich I was to fill up." of Wellington, written with pencil in his own pany to the attack.

The wound Fas proI lost no time in joining my chief-a few hand, and torn from his memorandum-book, nounced to be mortal. days before he made his triumphant entry and then basten to return to your chief. A few On the following morning Wellington Fas into Paris. And here I may remark that the straggling dragoons of the enemy, having left enabled to get about upon crutches, and his duke was extremely attached to all his staff, their main body, recognize you by your dress first walk was across the square to the house more especially those who had gone through to be a staff-officer; they wheel round, and in which his former aide-de-camp lay, for the deprivations, the difficulties, and dangers, make a dash at you-your trusty steed an- Richmond, like a good soldier, bad quitted of the Peninsular campaign. I select this pe- swers to your touch, and away you go like the staff to do duty with his regiment, the riod from a desire not to be egotistical; and Mazeppa's wild horse"

upon the pinions of gallant Fifty - second Light Infantry. liis certainly those who composed it were, gener- the wind.” At one time the unevenness of grace hobbled into the room, where the paally speaking, young men of active habits and the ground gives them a chance, but on a level tient was still in a most precarious state, äid good constitutions, possessing courage, judg- your charger, a high-mettled racer, leaves the late Dr. Hair, the surgeon, who, exhaustment, quickness, and decision. The hunting- them far behind, to anathematize you in no ed with fatigue, was resting upon a mattress, field in England had made most of the staff very measured terms.

started up at the entrance of the duke, and fully competent for a not very unimportant The day is over, our arms are crowned made a sign that the wounded man was sleeppart of their duty-that of conveying orders with victory; but even then what thoughts | ing. For a second, Wellington leaned against to distant posts, which, in a wild, mountainous come over you! It is true you are spared, the mantel-piece. He, the sternest of tee country, with an enemy on the lookout, was no but many of your dearest and best friends stern, where the claims of duty invoked the

have fallen. The reflection is mournful, and suppression of natural impulses, gave way to It was a surprise that the French officers nothing but the excitement of the time could the most poignant grief. Suddenly my could not get over, when they saw the strip- keep up your spirits. In the depth of the brother awoke, and, recognizing his chief, eslings that attended the British commander-in-night, when lying on your straw pallet, ex- pressed a hope that he had been successic! chief; for in their army few under the rank posed, perhaps, to the inclemencies of the on the previous day. “I've given them : of full colonels were attached to the emperor weather, to the heavy bursts of rain, the vivid good licking," replied the great man, " and I or his generals. Yet these young soldiers-I flashes of lightning, the loud claps of thun- shall follow it up.” still refer to the Peninsular staff — did their der, the furious gusts of wind, the thoughts The exhausted youth then turned to doze duty in the most meritorious manner, so as of “home” and those dear to you will come again, and as his chief left the room be apto gain the thanks and confidence of their over the mind of the bravest, and fill it with peared broken-hearted at the thought that be chief.

reflections easier to be understood than de- had taken a last farewell of the son of one of Never shall I forget the look of astonish- picted.

his oldest and dearest friends. It has always ment the Emperor of Russia gave me when, To give an instance of the promptness and occurred to me that the above would furnish at a review of his troops, I addressed myself fidelity with which the duty of the aides-de- an excellent subject for a picture, that is, if to his majesty on the part of my general, Wel- camp was carried on, I will quote an anec- faithfully represented. I say faithfully, be lington. I was afterward told at dinner, by dote, which, among many others, occurs to cause unquestionably many pietures that have a Russian officer, that his imperial master Upon one occasion, during an action, appeared cannot claim that epithet. Among could scarcely believe his senses when he my late brother, the Duke of Richmond, was others, there is one of the ball given by my heard that a youth in his sixteenth year held sent with an order to one of the most gal- mother, the night before the battle of Quatreso distinguished and responsible a situation lant regiments in the service, the Seventh Bras, and at which I was present. Byron las as extra aide-de-camp to the commander-in- Royal Fusilecrs, who were suffering greatly made the most of the subject in his beautiigi chief.

easy task.

from the enemy's fire. Just as he reached lines, but the artist goes far beyond him, for Upon another occasion, when the duke in- this distinguished corps, he observed that he makes the house a splendid mansios, spected the Russian and Prussian armies, and some of our guns had ceased firing. Ad- with ladies leaning over the spacious balos a sham fight took place, I was sent by Wel- dressing the artillery - officer, he mentioned ters, and gives mustaches to all the officers lington to order a regiment to retire, the com- the object of his mission, and suggested that, except those of the Hussars, who alone tre batants having got too much ir. earnest, and I if he would only continue to pour some grape entitled to wear them. had the greatest difficulty in checking their into the enemy's cavalry, the Fusileers would The other instance occurred on the night ardor, the Prussian colonel looking rather in- get rid of a formidable opponent. “Enemy's after the battle of Waterloo. There was brie credulous, and I must add somewhat con- cavalry!” said the artillery-officer; “they rest for Wellington that night, nature claimed


some relief, and after a frugal meal he threw ten bead of deer. The park in which they which reminds one of the French countess himself upon his cloak, laid over some bun- were is immense, and I dare say did not con- who seized a philosopher at the supper-table dles of hay, for his attached aide-de-camp, Sir tain less than five thousand head-many of and exclaimed, “While they are cutting up Alexander Gordon, severely wounded, had them red deer. This is pretty good sport." the fowls, and we have got five minutes to been placed upon the duke's bed. Welling- The duke was so thoroughly a fox - hunter, spare, do tell me the history of the world, for ton's sleep was sound, the sleep of the good that he never allowed heat, wet, or cold, to I want to know it so much!” “Ah!” said man and the brave. At three o'clock in the interfere with the sport, and during the Pen- Wellington, "battle of Waterloo. Very easily morning he was aroused by Dr. Hume, who insular campaign, and the occupation of told. We pommeled the French, they pomfound his grace sitting up on his rude pal- France by the allied armies, he kept a pack meled us; I suppose we pommeled the hardlet, covered with the dust of the previous of fox-hounds at headquarters. His object est, so we won the day.” day. The kind - hearted surgeon informed was, not only to enliven the leisure hours of Wellington has been censured for want of him that the spirit of Gordon had fled; the himself and his officers during the monotony judgment in selecting the plains of Waterloo gay and gallant now lay a corpse in the adjoin- of winter quarters, but to encourage a manly as his battle-ground, French military critics ing room.

and invigorating amusement; and he often contending that the duke fought the battle in Wellington was deeply affected at hearing quoted cases to prove the advantage of field- a position full of difficulty. This charge he of this and other casualties, tears dropped sports.

indignantly repelled, and, after thoroughly fast upon his friend's hand which he held in Perhaps the most delightful time I passed exonerating himself, concluded by saying, his, and were chasing one another in furrows during the three years that I had the good for- "My plan was to keep my ground till the over his dusty cheeks. Brushing them sud- tune to serve on Wellington's staff was at the Prussians appeared, and then to attack the denly away with his left hand, the duke said Château Mont St.-Martin, a few leagues from French position, and I executed my plan.” in a voice tremulous with emotion, “Well, the headquarters at Cambray. Nothing could Wellington was ever just toward those who thank God, I don't know what it is to lose a exceed the hospitality of Wellington, or his opposed him. When asked what he really battle, but certainly nothing can be more desire to promote the amusements of all who thought of the talent of the Emperor Napopainful than to gain one with the loss of so came within the circle of his acquaintance. | leon as a great general, he said: "I have almany of one's friends." The latter feeling Our mornings, when off duty, were devoted to ways considered the presence of Napoleon weighed heavily upon his spirit, but the gain shooting and fox and wild boar hunting, our with an army equal to an additional force of was above all price. He felt it proudly as a evenings to dancing and private theatricals; forty thousand men from his superior talent, soldier, humbly as a Christian, and if at the and any stranger paying a passing visit to the and from the enthusiasm which his name and commencement of the struggle he spoke in cbåteau who witnessed the unaffected manner, presence inspired in the troops.” On anoththe animated tones of Henry V., like him he the unostentatious display, the simple habits er occasion the duke also said that he thought now exclaimed:

of the host, would scarcely have imagined | Napoleon superior to Turenne, Tallard, or any

that he was in the presence of “Le Vainqueur the old generals of former times; but Na"O God, thy arm was here, And not to us, but to thy arm alone, du Vainqueur du Monde."

poleon had this advantage over every other Ascribe we all."

I have already said that Wellington was general, himself in particular, that bis power

devoted to hunting, and, had he been trained was unlimited. He could order every thing In a letter addressed to his piece, he thus earlier in life to it, would have been (as in a on the spot as he pleased ; if he wanted rewrites: “ The finger of Providence was upon military point of view he was) difficult to beat. enforcements, they were sent; if to change me, and I escaped unhurt;” and in another, He possessed an ardent love for the sport, bad the plan of a campaign, it was changed; if to addressed to General Charles Kent, he says : a quick eye, and no lack of courage. I can reward services, he could confer honors on the "Would you credit it? Napoleon overthrown

see him now,

“ in my mind's eye,” mounted field of battle; whereas he, the duke, and by the gallantry of a British army? But I on a thorough-bred English hunter, galloping other generals, were obliged to write home to am quite heart-broken by the loss I have sus- over the plains near Vienna, with Lord Lon- ministers, and wait their decision, perhaps tained. My friends-my poor soldiers ! How donderry's hounds, after a bag-fox. I again that of Parliament; and he himself had never many of them I have to regret!”

have a vision of being in the forests of Fon- had the power of conferring the slightest reThe late Earl of Dudley, in writing to Dr. tainebleau, St.-Germain, and Coinpiègne, with ward on any of his followers, however deservWatson, Bishop of Llandaff, in January, 1816, the French royal stag-hounds, and over the ing. remarks: “ After the battle the duke joined wild country that surrounded his residence, I can well remember the time when the in the pursuit, and followed the enemy for the Château Mont St.-Martin near Cambray, duke returned to England after his brilliant some miles. Colonel Hervey, who was with with the wild-boar hounds. I see his animat- campaigns crowned with the battle of Waterhim, advised him to desist, as the country ed look beaming with joy, as, escaping from loo; at that time he was cheered by the people was growing less open, and he might be tired diplomatic or military duties, he enjoyed a wherever he went, and lauded to the skies. at by some stragglers from behind the hedges.gallop with the hounds, encouraging by his Afterward, at the period of the Reform Bill, in “Let them fire away,” said Wellington, “the own example officers under his command to 1832, the fickle people forgot all his services, battle is won, and my life is of no value participate in this manly exercise, which he and constartly hooted him in the streets. One now."

knew full well was not alone conducive to day, coming from the Tower on horseback, the With regard to an insufficient sense of the health, but, like the heroes of antiquity, who rascally mob attacked him with so much viruservices of his army, I will merely quote the were madyral kuunyias, disciples of hunting, ren- lence and malice that he was exposed to conduke's own words: “Nothing could surpass, dered them hardy and courageous, their ex- siderable personal danger in the street. I was, or indeed equal, the British troops in the ploits against wild animals being a prelude to in that year, at a ball given by him at Apsley field. The sense of honor among officers ex- their future victories.

House to King William IV. and his queen, isted in no other service to the same degree. During the time I was on Wellington's when the mob were very unruly and indecent I always felt confident when I put a detach- staff the duke took part in two boar-hunts at in their conduct at the gates; and on the folment into a post that they would maintain it which I was present--one near Paris in 1815, lowing days they proceeded to such excesses against any force until they dropped.” The the other not far from Cambray during the tliat they broke the windows of Apsley House, above passage is extracted from Lord Pal- following year—at Paris the pack of boar- and did much injury to his property. It was merston's “ Tour to Paris" in 1815. I may hounds belonging to a French gentleman. then that he caused to be put up those iron further add that, at a dinner at headquarters They were of the Norman breed, very large blinds to his windows which remain to this just after the battle of Toulouse, the conver- and powerful, with large heads, long ears, and day as a record of the people's ingratitude. sation turned upon the late immediate move- dewlaps; they were marked similarly to fox- Some time afterward, when he had regained ments of the two armies, when Wellingtonhounds, had excellent noses, were very steady, all his popularity, and began to enjoy that exclaimed: “I will tell you the difference and from the depth of their cry were particu- great and high reputation which he carried to between Soult and me. When he gets into a larly adapted to forest-hunting.

the grave, he was riding up Constitution Hill difficulty, his troops don't get him out of it; Although Wellington was not professedly a in the Park, followed by an immense mob, when I get into one, mine always do."

wit, there were touches of pleasantry in his who were cheering him in every direction. He Wellington was a great lover of field-sports, conversation which rendered him a most agree- heard it all with the most stoical indifference, and was devoted both to hunting and sport- able companion. His reply when asked if it never putting his horse out of a walk, or seeming. While in Portugal, he wrote to my fa- was true that he had been surprised at Water- ing to regard them, till he leisurely arrived at ther to the following effect-it forms a post- loo by Napoleon, “I was never surprised till Apsley House, when he stopped at the gate, script to an interesting detail of his military now," is well known; not perhaps so well turned round to the rabble, and then pointing mnovements: “I was at the family-seat of the known is a conversation that took place at his with his finger to the iron blinds which still Villa Vicosa, the property of the Duke of table, when a lady of rank requested him to closed the windows, be made them a sarcastic Braganza, some days ago, and shot with ball give her an account of the battle of Waterloo, | bow, without saying a word.

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order to let that animal go out?” But this Another professor, of whom every one COLLEGE ANECDOTES.

was just the thing the class did not want, was, with reason, well afraid, was in the habit and accordingly at that very moment, when of getting off bright retorts on the delinquent

students. THE innate love of mischief, which early the eyes of all in the room were fixed upon THE

appears in childhood, and goes to sleep the ridiculus mus, a heavy “Liddell and One man, who had on a certain occasion in the bustling seriousness of boy-life, when Scott” was successfully planted between the stood for half an hour silently anchored to a pigeons, rabbits, hens, and Guinea-pigs, keep advancing mouse and the open door, and black-board like a horse tied to his manger, the nature too fully occupied to be engaged since it was a vis a tergo whose whence could was finally accosted as follows: in practical jokes, reappears in all its power, never be known, it sent the mouse back again “Well, Mr. Jones, you have stood there enhanced with a rich fertility of ways and to the resonant corners, and the recitation for some time. Now, how do you explain means, in the college-days. Is there any pe- went on “ to the music of the bells."

your problem ? " riod in life like this? Nothing is fixed or On another occasion, in the same room, a Jones, who had no idea of the problem or settled! Every thing is an open question large white pigeon, a sad burlesque on the of any human interpretation of it, made one again with each new day's new sunrise. cooing dove of Peace, was let loose as the deep dive down into the recesses of his Whatsoever is done, is done critically as to

class crowded in at the door. The windows memory, and brought up one stray prin. the regulative judgment, and at the same were guarded on the outside by wire-nettings ciple. time with a never-ending relationship to the to keep off maliciously-disposed projectiles “ Well, sir," he said, “I explain it by the sense of mirth.

ab extra, and therefore the very deliverance principle that the angle of reflection is equal Whatever can be turned to the account from one form of evil was the plague and to the angle of incidence." of humor, whatever can be made to sharp- nuisance to the other. At last, after sev. “ That will do, sir," said the professor, en a jest, or feather à satire, or raise a eral vain attempts to dislodge the bird from visibly marking a round 0 opposite his Dame laugh, is drafted into the service, and the maps and black-boards, the frightened thing in the class-roll; "if your angle of reflection earth, sea, and sky, the sceptered sovereigns flew to a bookcase overlooking the profess- was only a little less obtuse, we would not of past history, along with the newest lights or's table, and surveyed the scene from have such incidents as these." of the present, are all made into material for above. Herenpon a pair of rubber shoes were On another occasion this same professor jokes for the unterrified Sophomore.

thrown at it, which lodged on the top of the said to a student who had blundered terribly Nothing is sacred to this unblushing age, bookcase. After the recitation, a piously. through a recitation : and surely every unskilled professor must disposed youth who was studying for the " How far off are you from a fool ! " tremble as he sees the hordes of untamed ministry, and was known as “ Parson Reed- “I suppose,” replied the student, measFreshmen entering the college - door, with birds,” went up to claim his articles of ap- uring the distance between himself and the something of the feeling the Romans must parel, and was at once marked "zero," and professor's table, “about seven feet and a have had when, after a fearful struggle with summoned before the Faculty as a particeps half.” an invading German tribe, they heard there criminis. In vain he protested that he had The professor's eyes twinkled as be said: were hosts of other tribes who were coming not thrown the rubbers, that he would not “It's a pity, sir, you confine your brightdown upon Rome to try the very same thing do such a thing, that they had been seized by ness only to your answers !" for themselves.

some other man who was afraid to take his The hardest time I ever saw a college proEvery college-man must have his mem

It would not do! Here was circum- fessor pushed happened to an elderly geotleory filled with reminiscences of this period. stantial evidence sufficient to convict him, who was appointed teacher in drawing Let the present writer recount a few truth and poor Parson Reedbirds went before the to a Freshman class, who were feeling their ful experiences : Faculty for an admonition.

way well into a state of Sophomorebood. The A young Professor of Latin, who was Another professor, a teacher of German, poor man entered upon his duty at the begincontinually called by the suggestive title of was once very much disturbed by an unruly ning of a third term. He did not know one “ Miss Fanny," was the subject of many a bench full of Juniors.

of the class, and had never taught before. cruel joke.

At last, in his despair, he exclaimed : When the roll of sixty members was called, Sulphuretted hydrogen was very frequent- “That bench vill leave the room, and vill it was enlarged by the caller to about one ly broken in large bottles on entering his stay outside."

hundred and fifty – Christopher Columbus room, with the utmost bewilderment on the Whereupon the young rascals carried out Smith, Michael Angelo Jones, Julius Cæsar part of those who entered as to who the au- the bench and left it outside, and blandly re- Johnson, Scipio Africanus Brown, etc., ete. thor was. turned to other seats.

All answered “Here!” It was a full month Fifty.cent fire-crackers would be thrown “No, no," said the professor, “ I do not before any of the class were identified, since into the room after the fashion of

mean that. I mean the young men vill go there were no recitations made, and when the out and the bench vill return."

poor man's back was turned to explain bis

diagrams, the wooden models of bridges and of our nation's greatest song. But though and sat on it, as though this was all that churches were inverted, church-steeples were every one was willing to run for water, and

could reasonably be expected of them. put on Corinthian columns, and Doric pillars innumerable men were apparently injured, Another professor, who was the pink of crowned block models of cathedrals, and either seriously or fatally, no one could ever propriety, was sadly disconcerted in the midst these were all quickly transcribed to tłe find out from which Sophomore crowding of a lecture upon Edmund Spenser by about eager drawing-book. At last, at a given sig. into that Latin room the "fiery dart was

a dozen roughs and sporting characters, who nal, the whole class would rise, as if the bel hurled.” On one occasion “Miss Fanny'

came into the room without knocking, with bad sounded, and the clock, which had been could scarcely be seen for the sulphurous all manner of dogs to sell.

set forward half an hour, would confirm the thickness of the atmosphere

Finally, one Irishman let the cat out of action of the rogues by pointing seriously to " When furious Frank and fiery Hun

the bag (if we may use such an expression in two o'clock. Whereupon the old gentleman Shout in their sulphurous canopy." a dog-story) by saying :

would say, "Well, well; my watch must be One day, while we were deep in Horace,

“Well, thin, shure, and why did ye's ad. slow," and thus the exercises would come to

vertoise for a dog betwixt the hours of tin a close. “The tintinnabulation that so musically wells

and eliven the day, if ye’s nivir wanted One trick, to take up the time of a very From the bells, bells—" one?"

argumentative Professor of Metaphysies, was was heard in the room, and a mouse with a And then he presented a dirty scrap of to raise some point as to what Reid had bell round its neck was seen playing pussy paper, which read as follows:

said on the other side, or what Sir William wants a corner with the different angles of

Hamilton had said in opposition to the prothe rooms. Thereupon the uphappy pro

“WANTED, a dog; any breed will answer; highfessor said to the wretch nearest the door, est price paid for mongrel pups. Apply to Profess

fessor's explanation the day before, and thas University. Bring the

draw him out on a lengthy explanation. But, will you please open the door in doge between the hours of ten and eleven." finally, it was found that the professor could


"The rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air," out so the young men brought back the bench

or - Room No. 3,

“ Mr.

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use up fifty-five minutes in explaining a point

Methinks one missing ring,

business operations that the non-existence of raised on the day previous, and could then

Where shining seraphs sing,

international copyright scarcely affects at all, flunk half the class in the remaining five | They will not miss who watch the weeds of

and which neither treaties nor Jaws can alter. minutes.

woe around her cling! One amiable professor was sadly put-to

Ah, will they heed that lack, indeed, who How this is so we will proceed to explain. stand before the King !

Of the immense number of books written in trying to get delinquent students to give definite and explicit statements of history.

abroad a small proportion only see the light

Shut down the coffin-lid, Men who knew nothing of the subject would And let my love be hid;

in printed form. The foreign publisher makes palm off a row of glittering generalities, of one more angel face and form this base, his selection of the manuscripts offered to which would leave the professor in great

base world is rid !

him, and prints those only that he thinks doubt as to how he should mark them. The Slow let the death-bell toll, way in which he would quietly and slowly

Till its iron echoes roll

will meet with public approval. The Ameri. Yes," when all the time he meant

Their tide of mournful memories through all say

can publisher, in reprinting foreign books, “No," and then pondered over the merits of

my shuddering soul!

starts, therefore, with the advantage of a se. the recitation, was most amusing. How shall I pass the heavy hours? How shall

lected class from which his selections for re· Mr. will you give me an account I bear to sit

printing may be made. Nor is this all. He of the battle of Marengo ?” In my lonely-lighted chamber, when the ghost

not only has the opportunity of selecting “ Certainly, Professor I will now

ly shadows flit describe the battle of Marengo : the battle Over the mournful monument that marks her

from that which has been gleaned, but he is

resting-place, of Marengo was a terrible and bloody affair.

enabled to choose those books tbat have Thousands were slain on both sides, and

While all the stars that crown the night seein passed the test of critical judgment. He

clustering round her face? many were wounded and taken prisoners.

need only reprint the books of authors who Many furious attacks were made on both Now close the vault of stone,

have made their mark. It is obvious that sides. The cavalry of each army had several And leave me here alone;

'for pure business reasons he must prefer to desperate encounters, and the repulses by A blight is on the cold, gray world, its bud

publish books that involve no risk-books the artillery were very severe. At last, after

and bloom are flown ! various minor incidents, victory alighted on Through many and many a weary hour of bit

that, baving received in advance a foreign the standard of Napoleon, and he became the

terness and pain,

approval, are sure to meet with at least a When spring-time brings the budding flowers, conqueror of the field. Such, in brief, is the

measure of success here-rather than accept

and autumn brings the rain, history of the battle of Marengo!” I wait till death shall claim me his and make

and publish home productions that are quite 'Yes, sir," was invariably the answer.

the meaning plain!

as likely to fail as to succeed. Ordinary “You are essentially correct in your state

EDWARD RENAUD. business instinct and simple business prements, but a little general in your particulars!"

caution, therefore, give foreign authors an EDITOR'S TABLE. immense advantage over native ones, regard.

less of the question of copyright. That copyAT THE MORGUE. T

right influences this natural trade-preference international copyright law is the reason very little is obvious from the fact that on TENDER, kind, and true!

why American literature lags behind that of very nearly all the better class of English W bat harm could come to you, the leading European countries.

books reprinted here a voluntary copyright is My rarest one, my fairest one, the sweetest flower that grew ?

ment advanced is that so long as publishers now paid. It is thus seen that American litWould God, the hand that did the deed, that can obtain foreign books for little or noth- erature suffers from the operation of certain deed could now undo!

ing, they will prefer to reprint these rather business principles and certain natural laws Ah, how my heart has bled ! than publish American books, the writers of

which international conventions or arrangeWbat tears my eyes have shed

which must be paid. It has been pointed ments cannot change. So long as men do To think that shame has stained her name, and out how impossible it is for native writings business for profit, our American authors soiled her golden head !

to compete with foreign productions so long must remain at disadvantage unless they can O coarsely-coffined clay! The first sweet flowers of May

as the latter may be pirated at pleasure, and devise a plan whereby this natural business Bloomed round the feet I went to meet that that our national policy drives talent to operation can be offset by other business well-remembered day!

law or trade that otherwise might reflect principles. The old remembered place

honor upon us in works of learning or im- In the drama the operation we have de. Holds still her haunting face ; agination.

scribed acts more conspicuously and effecI see once more her fairy form in all its girlish Our readers will recall Charles Reade's tively than in book-publishing. It costs a

grace; And when I stand apart,

eloquent utterances in emphasizing this view great deal of money to produce a new play. In busy street or mart,

of the question. He asserted that we were There must be new scenery, gew costumes, I feel again her fingers fair come clinging thinking, working, speaking, and doing every many weeks of rehearsal, much advertising. round my heart !

thing-except writing-at a rate of march It is always a lottery whether a play will suc. Was any word unsaid ?

without a rival, and failing to write simply ceed or not. That manager has never been Was any prayer unprayed ?

because we suppressed literary invention at found whose judgment in an untried drama Was any eager dream of youthful longing un

home by accepting that of Europe without could be trusted as infallible; in fact, no allayed ? What bitter, bitter sin remuneration.

manager ever lived who did not make many Had the dark city's din

While it is certainly true that foreigr. lit- mistakes, and so hazardous is the business Within its evil bosom hid, thy spotless soul erature in being here so freely offered and that very few people of capital are willing to to win?

eagerly read does decidedly repress Amer- accept its great risks. It is, therefore, perHush! bush! no word of blame !

ican effort in this direction, we think it can fectly obvious that managers will be sure to Let no vile tongue defame

be shown that copyright has very little to watch the English and Paris stage for the That little word — the tenderest word that

do with this much-deplored result. Foreign purpose of reproducing here those dramas womanhood can claimFor the angels round the throne in heaven will

literature has an immense advantage over na. that meet with success there, rather than know her by that name!

tive literature because of certain practical | risk their time and money upon untried

I" bas often been said that the lack of an

The argu

American plays. Copyright does not affect | largely prompted to his innovations by a de. An English writer regrets that it is imtheir decision or their course in the least, in- sire to frame an American-English, something possible to register “ happy thoughts " and asmuch as they promptly pay the foreign patriotically distinctive from the vernacular take out a patent for them. Most men, be author of a successful play. It is clear that of the mother-country. The zealous scbool. tells us, who work in any field of thought or our native drama must languish so long as master insisted that we should follow the art find that bright ideas occur to thesthese imperative business principles operate achievement of our political independence by ideas which are destined to have a glorious against it.

a literary and lingual separation; and hence future-but for one cause or another they Is there no remedy for this condition of it would be a strange result if it should prove lack time or opportunity to throw them into things ? There is one. If it so happened that he did his work of change so well, based form, permitting them to rest lovely pearls in that the American public demanded native it upon principles so good, that eventually the brain. Sometimes these happy thoughts books and plays; gave marked preference to the antagonist he was scouting comes to require slow maturing: the protection of home authors and home his way of thinking.

“ The perfectly original plot takes slow dramatists; would not buy with avidity Reade Webster's innovations, however, have so

form and shape. Have we not been told that and Trollope, nor flock with eagerness to lis- far only resulted in a few discords and vexa

M. Feuillet thinks for a year over his The

characters group themselves, incidents are ten to “ Caste” and “Rose Michel," but in- tions. The two countries are now so nearly suggested by experience, witty sayings flash sisted upon having writings touched with a unit in literary feeling, that it is highly de- across the mind, and yet the pen is not put to native coloring, and showed their love for sirable we should employ a common method

paper. Only by living thus with his charac

ters can the novelist get to know them, and plays that portrayed American life and char- in our signs and symbols. There are not

make his readers know them. Or perbaps the acter, a business principle would be set in only certain marked differences between Eng. happy thought is less mature ; it is merely : operation that would speedily remedy the lish spelling and our own, but also between

taking title that has occurred to the midl. present evil. If the public were charged | Boston and New York, between the North something brief, odd, suggestive, not vulgar.

This thought is a nucleus, and out of it, as on through and through with an intense nation and the South. Even in the same town books of a germ, the characters begin shyly to gather alism-if its tastes were wholly foreign to of different publishers will often follow dif- and grow, while all the time the invector is European thought, and wholly in sympathy ferent authorities, and one morning paper

hard at work at some other project. Theo (De

morning the unhappy man looks through tle with native genius, it would not then be pos- will talk of plough, while another severely literary advertisements, and finds that bis sible for managers or publishers to wait upon prints the word plow. These differences per- dear title—the brief, the odd, the suggest.se, European opinion ; they would be compelled | plex the general public and vex the literary the not vulgar-has been seized by anotber, is instead to search for and bring forth home

copyright, is 'in the press,' or just out! worker. An English author, who discovers

There is nothing to be done in such artalent. They are at best no more than cater- in an American reprint of his books a strange cumstances, and nothing to be done in an Eies ers, who study the tastes and obey the com- and hence disfiguring orthography, is not more trying situation. It will sometimes bapmands of their patrons. Our public taste, rendered very amiable thereby, or very ap

pen that a man gives many years to collectica

material for a learned work, and he may eta our nationalism, our preferences, these alone preciative of American taste.

We have even

have put down much in writing, when su are to determine whether native productions | known American authors, with strong prefer- denly a book on his own, his beloved topis, of the imagination are to flourish or not- ences for the English mode of spelling, highly appears, and fills the public mind." whether we are to remain an intellectual col- enraged and disgusted at finding their pro- This is an unhappy experience, indeed ony of Europe, or become in the arts a true ductions sent forth in what seemed to them for an author. Perhaps some one independency.

mangled orthography. In view of these vent a plan by which the first title to an ida

facts, it is assuredly quite time that writers may be established, and the originator pr It is worthy of note that Webster's Dic- should agree upon some one authority, should tected. Copyright will not do it, for copr. tionary has obtained in England a general | unite in discovering that which is correct right, as a rule, does not protect ideas bar recognition as an authority for definitions. between the several conflicting usages, and rather the form and structure in which is In the last Fortnightly Professor Tyndall i adopt some plan for establishing uniform- ideas are imbedded. The inrentor enjoy quotes it, which is not perhaps at all surpris- | ity. The opinion of no individual should be here an advantage over the author, inasmuch ing; but that the conservative and excessive- binding, should even command respect in as he can protect his thought, provided only ly anti-American Blackwood should accept a a matter where opinion cannot be deci. that he put it in a concrete form by meses Yankee dictionary as an authority, which it sive. The authoritative dictionary should not of a model. The idea of a patent cannot be does in its last number, is really significant. reflect the notions of a Webster, the opin. stolen, inasmuch as the idea and the fors It must be remembered that these instances ions of a Worcester, the convictions of a are indissolubly united; but in literature refer solely to the authority of Webster as Johnson or a Smart; it should express the miniature models of a novel or a playcanto definitions. The English have so far evinced united wisdom of scholars drawn from differ. not be framed. The happy conception ci no disposition to accept the innovations of ent sections, and have the weight of a con- take no form but its final one, and the lackthe Connecticut school - master either as to vention or of an institution. Let Oxford and less originator who whispers it in his sleen orthography or orthoepy. Whether English | Cambridge in England unite with Harvard gives a hint of it at table over bis side, students will be likely to continue consulting and Yale in America in sending delegates to a drops a clew ever so cautiously in the frienda dictionary for its definitions and yet resist convention for composing a dictionary which ly chat, runs the risk of being anticipated by its example in other things, may be consid. shall represent the accordant best culture of some adroit and swifter worker than his ered rather doubtful. If in the course of the two countries. A dictionary thus pre- self. time English prejudices should yield to the pared, having the sanction of the leading Eng- If it were possible to patent literary insinuating suggestions of Webster, and the lish and American colleges, would be abso- ideas, the national museum that held theo u begin to disappear from the English honour lute. It would be binding upon all writers in store would tell a stranger story even to and kindred words, and k fall away from al hoping for recognition in letters, and, being the patent-office does of marvelous ingenuits manıck, and ace turn up shorn of its nal universally accepted the schools, would fantastic fancy, and queer caprice. What vowel, the revolution would be a very singu. soon bring English-speaking people generally wonderful plots of wonderful tragedies would lar one in view of the fact that Webster was to a uniform orthograhpy and pronunciation. there be held in sacred trust; what plans i

can is

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