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speak, to our admiration, nothing but chefs- | coldly and simply, and while conversing, some I shall return to this interesting series of d'æuvre. Among these are the 'Livre d'Heures' little red and blue lines on the paper, and papers in some future letter. Meanwhile, I of Marguerite of Savoy; the books of Francis hence it has arisen that certain human beings will close with a curious fact from the article I., adorned with his device, a salamander; have become Germans and others have re- on Strasburg: those of Henri II. and Diane de Poitiers, with mained French, merely because they lived on “On the Faubourg de Pierre a rich citizen crescents and ciphers of a rare elegance; and, one side or the other of the little blue lines. of Strasburg has avenged himself as best he finally, those of Henri III., which bear a Fatherland, thou art then but a vain word, if could on the authors of the war. When he death's-head as emblem.

the right of force may suppress or tolerate theo rebuilt his house, which had been destroyed "In the seventeenth century the art re- at will !

by the shells during the siege, he caused to mained stationary, and declined, only to re- “ By the treaty of Frankfort there exists, be sculptured on the façade of his dwelling, vive with incomparable éclat in the following therefore, a French Avricourt and an Avri- grimacing and comic in the guise of grotesque one. Under the Empire and the Restoration court-Deutsch" (such is the name that has masks, the faces of Napoleon III., of Bazaine, it fell into a profound decadence, but in our been given to the station wherein is situated and of two other generals." own day was revived, thanks to the efforts of the German custom-house). "The village of The dramatic events of the past week have Thourenin, the elder and younger Simier, Avricourt itself has remained almost entirely been the production of Offenbach's new opera Keller, and of our contemporary artists. French, with the exception of some few houses of “ The Creole," at the Bouffes Parisiens, his Thourenin, who was the most celebrated of which, by ill-luck, happened to be on the third and last novelty for the season, and that all, was binder to Louis Philippe ; his prin- wrong side of the ink-line. Unfortunately, of Adolphe Belot's drama of the " Venus de cipal works may be found in the magnificent it has happened that the butcher was annexed, Gordes," at the Ambigu. The bright little collection of the Duke d'Aumale.

and it can readily be imagined how much operetta was a complete success, thanks to the “Besides the professional binders, there trouble that fact has given to the inhabitants absurdity of the libretto, the freshness and have existed in all ages amateurs, passionate of Avricourt. They are obliged to cross the sparkle of the music, and also a good deal to book - lovers who had a taste for binding. frontier to supply themselves with meat, and the witchery of the dark-eyed Judic, who Among the best known may be cited De Tune, when they return they are forced to pass made on that occasion her rentrée for the seaof the Hague; the Abbé de Marolles; the Duke through the French custom-house, the officials A young dibutante, Mademoiselle Luce de Caumont, who established himself as a of which, in accordance with their usual hab- Couturier, in a minor róle, gave much satisfacbinder in London during the Revolution; and it, are very disagreeable to the poor dwellers tion and was warmly applauded. She is only King Louis XVIII., who was very fond of on the frontier. And those peasants who have seventeen years of age. The male characters trying his hand at the art, though his at- remained French witnessed a strange and were well filled by Daubray and Cooper—this tempts in that line were never successful." ironical spectacle; the people of the German last a transfer from the Variétés. As to the

E. Plon & Co. announce the first volume Avricourt can obtain their groceries at a low- drama of Belot, the less said about it the betof the “Military Correspondence of Napoleon er price than can those of French Avricourt, ter. It is simply a horror from a moral point I., extracted from the General Correspond- sugar and salt, for instance, being much cheap- of view, though written with much misdirectence, and published by Order of the Minister

ed talent and vigor. The essentially unclean of War;" also a work entitled “The Truth He then gives a description of the new and though powerful pen of Belot fairly reveled respecting Foundlings,” by Dr. Brochard, splendid railway-station erected by the Ger- in the atrocities of his chosen subject. The and a translation from the Dutch of Madame mans on their side of the frontier, and sketch- piece is a tissue of murder and adultery, Bosboom Toussaint, called “Major Frans- es the following picture with a few telling painted in the coarsest manner and with the Scenes of Netherlandish Life," by Albert strokes of his incisive pen:

most glaring colors. The Venus de Gordes, Reville. Challamel has just published an "In a corner of the station, distinguished the beautiful Margai, is a married woman. interesting novelty for those who like such from the rest of the rough crowd by their She has a lover named Furbice, who is a marthings, in the shape of a “ Dictionnaire Fran- boulevardian manners, are a young man and ried man. They conspire together to murder çais-Cambodgien,” by E. Aymonier. Hachette

a young woman, thin, yellow, fatigued, used the unfortunate husband, Pascoul. At first has just issued “ Public Law and Modern up, and very well dressed, who are going they treat him to small doses of poison. Next Europe," by the Vicomte de la Guerronnière. (so a chance-word overheard by me informs Furbice tries to smother him with a pillow. Lacroix & Co. announce a work with the me) to Baden-Baden. They are French-Pa- Neither poisonings nor smotherings succeedpiquant title of “ Parisian Statues and Statu- risians-some idler and some girl. They are ing, the ferocious Furbice finally shoots him. ettes,” which is to include sketches of Patti, going to Baden, as in times past, to amuse Then the murderer throws an old beggarNilsson, Schneider, Theo, and other fair the- themselves and to laugh. Yet, they look half woman, who was a witness of his crime, over atrical celebrities of the day. It is by Charles ashamed, if the truth be told. They scarcely a precipice, and he is shot himself by the poDiguet. Michel Lévy Bros. promise for this speak. They are bored. So must they have lice just as he is going to set fire to the farm. week the “History of the Nineteenth Cen- felt at Brussels while men were fighting on The fair Margai poisons herself; and, everytury," by J. Michelet, in three volumes, of the Loire, dying amid the snows in the defiles body being killed off, the piece naturally which the last two have never been before pub- of the Jura, and living on bread made of sand, comes to an end. This tissue of abominations lished. These volumes are entitled respec- in Paris. They are going to Baden because was remarkably well acted by Laferrière, Paul tively “ The Origin of the Bonapartes,” “Un- they used to go there. Habit is more than a Deshayes, and Mademoiselle Constance Meytil the 18th Brumaire," and “Until Waterloo." second nature, it is a second fatherland. Yet, er, and so escaped immediate condemnation Victor Hugo's “Pendant l'Exil," announced he and she are both young. They are at the from the audience. There was a good deal of by the same firm, has not yet been published. age of love, of confidence, and of illusions. I bissing on the first night, and several of the The preface is to be issued separately under look at her-she is yawning. He drums, on incidents met with a decidedly stormy recepthe title “Ce que c'est que l'Exil” (Wbat the window-panes, an air from some opération. The scene of the drama is laid in ProExile really is). L'Evénement is now publish- bouffe. When the German officials come to vence, and the representations of Provençal ing, as a feuilleton, a very curious novel (from announce that the train is about to start, the scenery, customs, costumes, etc., were very an American point of view), entitled “Les man picks up his Russia - leather traveling- fine. Tbe management even went so far as to Chevaliers de la Patrie." The scene is laid bag, and says, smiling, to her who follows engage a real Provençale, Mademoiselle Meyin the United States during our Civil War, him, like a man that has just uttered some er, to personate the heroine. She is handand John Wilkes Booth, whose theatrical ca- brilliant witticism, 'To horse, gentlemen, to some and talented, and plays the part with all reer the author evidently confounds with that horse!! She shrugs her shoulders, stitles due energy and ferocity. It remains to be of his brother Edwin, is the hero thereof. another yawn, casts around her, with a wearied seen whether the Parisian public will set the The same paper has commenced the publica- | air, a vague glance, the dull glance of a rumi- stamp of their approbation on this last atrotion of an admirable series of articles “On nating animal, and then follows ber compan- | city from the pen of the author of “MademoiAlsace and Lorraine in 1875," by Jules Cla- ion, trailing behind her her sullied skirt and selle Giraud, ma Femme." retie. They open with a spirited description the soiled laces of her petticoats.

There are rumors afloat to the effect that of the journey from Paris to Strasburg, be- “And I saw them go away, get into the Faure has totally lost his voice. It is certain ginning with the little frontier village of Av- railway-carriage, and disappear, as if I had that the date of his reappearance at the Grand ricourt, of which our traveler says: .

had before me two personages of the past, Opéra has not yet been announced. Rossi is 6* This little village of Avricourt was, a lost in a new world, as though that woman to appear in “ Kean," a drama by the elder few years ago, nothing more than a station on and that man, those loveless lovers, bad been Dumas, to-night for the first time. It is whisthe Eastern Railway. It is to-day cut in two. the spectre of that thing which had slowly, pered that his engagement here, though an It is there that our frontier ends. Certain surely, energetically, duminished the father- immense artistic success, has not proved a soldiers and engineers sat down one day be- land; of that demi-monde which has made the financial one. fore a table on which lay a map; they traced demi-France."

Luoy H, HOOPER.

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Science, Invention, Discovery. State of New Jersey, when a member of Con

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that life-boats are of no avail. Upon repre- er, also under my individual and specific disentations made by Governor Newell, of the rections. He was not the architect, but the ,

operator. He was employed by me, and was gress in 1848, of the terrible loss of life by entirely ignorant of the manner in which my WHO INVENTED THE LIFE-CAR?" shipwreck near the shores of that State, Con- invention was to be used. This appears in gress appropriated ten thousand dollars to es- the sworn testimony of Mr. Samael Metcalf

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tablish “ life-saving stations” between Sandy of Erie, Pennsylvania, a manly Christian, who, an extended illustrated description of the

Hook and Little Egg Harbor, and the Secre- when examining the life-car in the boat-shop, “American Life-Car" and its services as fol. tary of the Treasury designated me to devise was told by Mr. Joseph Francis that he did

not know what Captain Ottinger was going to do with the thing he was then making for him, and that he (Francis) could not understand it. Captain John McGowan, United States Revenue Marine Service, who succeeded me as superintendent in building and equipping life-saving stations, says: “I was often in the boat-shop of Mr. Francis, who built the same kind of surf-boats and life-cars for the stations I equipped as Captain Ottinge? had made for the original stations, but on all occasions he (Francis) spoke of the life-car as Captain Ottinger's coutrivance.”

The testimony of Mr. Penfield, of Net York, is also on file at the Patent-Office, and agrees with that of Mr. Metcalf. The fact that I am on record at the Patent-Office as the inventor of the “Life or Surf Car," ought to be sufficient to guard persons, who would take paips to investigate, against the misrepresentations of any unscrupulous individual.

In addition to the certificate from the PatentFig. 1. -THE LIFE OR SURF CAR,

Office, Congress acknowledged me as the inWhich conveys its passengers safely through the breakers of the sea when life-boats are of no avail. it gave safe

ventor of the “Life or Surf Car," and in contransit, in winter tempest on our coast, from the ships Ayrshire, 101; Georgia, 271; Cornelius Grinnell, 234;

sideration of its efficiency in rescuing not on. Chauncy Jerome, 70; and from other vessels, in all nearly 4,000 people. This picture shows the Life-Car

men, but women and children, from wrecked on its first errand to save the shipwrecked when beyond the reach of any other aid. Invented by Captain

vessels, appropriated to me, for producing it, Douglass Ottinger, U. S. R. Marine. (This invention is not patented, but left free to be used everywhere.)

ten thousand dollars. Not only the PatentOffice, but the committee of the House of

Representatives, and the committee of the lows : “ The car that performed this service and put into methodical working condition Senate of the United States, were entirely was at once retired with honors, and was one such means as in my judgment would be best satisfied with the proof laid before them tha: of the objects to which the inventor, Mr. adapted to the desired end.

I was the sole inventor of the life-car. AlFrancis, pointed with pride when strangers

While on that service, I employed Joseph most every one knows that committees of visited his metallic life-boat factory in this

Francis to make a boat of corrugated iron for Congress scan personal claims with much care. city.” The service to which we referred, the

each of the eight life-saving stations. A full- This car, and also an invention which I

sized model of the kind required was con- devised for overcoming the inertia of a mape reader may remember, was the rescuing of

structed at my request by a committee of in- when jerked suddenly from rest by a cannottwo hundred or more souls from the wreck

telligent “surf-men,” whom I called together ball, to be carried from land to a wrecked of the ship Ayrshire off Long Branch, and for that purpose, and one of them superintendship, had continued as I placed them at the this account of special service was prefaced ed the building of the boat at Mr. Francis's life-saving stations for nearly two years, shee by a description of the life-car, its form, and boat-shop, where the iron was put in place and they were used for the first time as a las m method of use. Although at the time we were induced, from the nature of the testimony then at hand, to give the sole credit of this bumane invention to Mr. Francis, evidence since obtained prompts us to again open the question in order that another claimani may be heard. As it is probable that we shall again hear from the other side in rebuttal, comment on this new evidence will be withheld, though we confess to a decided leaning toward the claims of Captain Douglass Ottinger of the United States Reve. nue Marine, by whom we have been furnished with the photographic illustrations from which the accompanying engravings have been made, and whose letter in defense of bis claims is herewith published: To the Editor of Appletons' Journal.

SIR: I notice, in your Journal for the 3d of April, 1875, an illustrated article upon the American “Life or Surf Car,” in which you credit the invention to one Joseph Francis. Fig. 2.-A canncn-ball, with a rope attached, thrown across a water-logged or sinking ship during a gale to Believing it is the intention of journalists to

fierce for a life-boat to be used; the relief-vessel making a breakwater of the wreck, rides by a hawser in its do good and promulgate truth, rather than do

lee, while the Life-Car is kept in transit to save the people in peril." Wrong by publishing what is not true, I ask you to print in your JOURNAL the following: fastened together by Mr. Francis, but he did sort, and rescued the passengers in mid-wister The life or surf car is the most effective not in any wise design the shape of the boat. from the wreck of the ship Ayrshire

. That contrivance for rescuing people from vessels It was while on that duty that I invented event proved the value of the invention, and wrecked near land when the storm is so fierce the “life-car," and Mr. Francis put it togeth-stimulated the belief that pecuniary gain

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might result to a patentee, and so Joseph the three hundred sturdy Norwegians drowned forward again brings the sharp rear edges of Francis made haste to put in his false claim in that terrible shipwreck could have been the needle-eye against the threads, cutting all for a patent; but it was refused by the Gov- saved.

at once. This is repeated until the darn is ernment because I had abandoned the inven- There is but little, if any, doubt that these finished, and beautifully finished it is. The tion to the public, and it had been about two propositions would have been practicable in inventor is Mr. O. S. Hosmer, of Boston, and years in use at the United States life-saving the cases above referred to; but, as they were we predict for him the blessings of the entire stations.

at that time unknown, the loss of life was in- feminine community. The cost of the maThe accompanying illustration (Fig. 1)evitable. It often occurs that crippled and chine is but ten dollars." shows the life-car in its original adaptation sinking vessels are passed by at sea, and the to the great purpose for which it was invent- people on board left without bope, on account The constantly-increasing demand for paed. It is so complete in its simplicity that of the great hazard attending at attempt at per, induced by its use in departments where

wood has hitherto been solely employed, has led to a varied series of experiments with crude materials. We recently gave a long list of substances from which paper of differing qualities might be made, and would now direct attention to bamboo, from which material much of the fine, tough papers of Japan and China are made, but which has as yet been little in demand in England or America. As there seems to be no doubt that the fibrous stalks of the bamboo can be made to furnish a fine quality of paper-pulp, the question becomes one of supply merely, and this may be favorably answered when the rapid growth of the bamboo is considered. It is said that certain of these plants in the gardens of the Khédive of Egypt have been known to grow nine inches in a single night, and a plant (Bambusa vulgaris) at the gardens at Kew, England, is recorded as growing in favorable seasons at the rate of eighteen inches a day! In view of these facts, and considering the feasibility of cultivating in their native countries planta

tions of bamboo, which could be gathered in Fig. 3.-A REVENUE RELIEF-CRUISER

season and shipped to England or America, Anchored seaward of a vessel that has struck the ground on the soa-coast in a storm, too far off shore to be aided the question arises, if the bamboo is of such

from land, a rope having been thrown by a cannon-ball across the vessel in distress. The Life-Car Is seen established value for this use, why could not on its way to rescue the shipwrecked people.

the American cane be made to serve a like

purpose ? If so, it is possible that the movenothicg in the shape of an "improvement" rescue in a storm, even with the best life- ment in favor of the bamboo may result in the can be added without detracting from its ef- boats with which our ships are now supplied.

establishment of a new and active home-infectiveness. An attempt was once made to

DOUGLASS OTTINGER,

dustry. fasten something of the kind upon it, as may

Captain U. S. Revenue Marine. be seen from a woodcut in Harper's Magazine,

The Italian African Exploring Expedition volume of 1852. But that attempt only de

We have chosen to give with the illustra

bids fair to soon start on its journeys. The monstrated the fact that the improvement". tions the full descriptive titles, as by that

Italian Geographical Society has already raised man, Joseph Francis, had no understanding means the text of Captain Ottinger's letter over fifteen thousand dollars, and this sum, it whatever of the resistance the life-car had to may be the more clearly understood, since is hoped, will be increased to twenty thousand overcome in passing through the surf; for the they embody the “propositions” to wbich through the efforts of its president, Prince most notable feature of his “improvement" he refers.

Humbert. It is the present purpose to divide was an opposing surface against which the

the expedition into two parties: the course of waves would constantly break with a force AFTER the sewing and knitting machine, one party will be from the Gulf of Adeu to which science demonstrated would have more the patent washer and wringer, the apple- Tajurra or Berbera, or some other port on the than twelve thousand pounds' resistance-a re- parer and potato-peeler, and a score or more eastern coast, entering the unexplored regions sistance fatal to the people on board a wrecked of devices for bringing rest to the industrious by the way of Shoa and Kaffa ; the other party ship trying to drag the car, with his improve- American housewife, comes the " stocking- start from Khartoum and explore the region ment attached, to their rescue.

darner," and, according to the Scientific Amer- lying between Monbuttoo and the Victoria If the mode of operating the car, as ex- ican, it repairs the hugest darn in much less N'yanza, including, if possible, a survey of plained in the picture (Fig. 2—first proposi- time than the operation can be described, and the great valley of Lualaba.

The first party tion), had been known to the captain of the how soon that is can be calculated from the will be commanded by Marquis Antinori, and foundering steamship Central America, and following description of the machine which the second by Ademoli. The former of these to the captains of the vessels that came in her does it: “Two small plates, one stationary and leaders is an old traveler, who has already lee and took the women and children out of the other movable, are placed one above the spent many years in Central Africa, and is her boat, it is not a departure from practical other. The faces are corrugated, and between distinguished as an ornithologist. He is at seamanship to say that the four hundred men them the holy' portion of the stocking is present one of the vice-presidents of the sowho sank with her could and would have been laid. Twelve long, eye-pointed needles are ciety. The second leader, Ademoli, is derescued. And so in the case of the wrecked arranged side by side in a frame, which last is scribed as a young, brave, and strong man, an and helpless steamer San Francisco. Her carried forward so that the needles penetrate enthusiast in the work of discovery, being passengers and crew could have been taken opposite edges of the hole, passing in the cor- also familiar with the regions he is about to off at once, without the great hazard they had rugations between the plates. Piinged just in reënter. In addition to the interest which to encounter from being compelled to remain front of the plate is an upright bar, and on this the expedition has to science, its success is to on the wreck for more than two days after the is a cross-piece carrying twelve knobs. The be desired in the hope that it may result in means of relief were at hand, on account of yarn is secured to an end-knob, and then, with securing for the cause of popular enlightenthe terrible sea, in which no boat could be a bit of flat wire, pushed through the needle- ment the services of a nation which bas been launched. By an application of the first prop- eyes. Then the loop between each needle is too long a mere looker-on, but which will, it is osition they could have been taken off at caught by the hand and hooked over the op- | hoped, under its more enlightened and liberal once in safety. And if the second propo-posite knob, so that each needle carries really government, again assume the aggressive in sition (Fig. 3) had been understood and put two threads. Now the needles are carried matters that pertain to the world's progress. in practice when the ship Powhatan was back to their first position, and, in so doing, vrecked on the coast of New Jersey, it is they draw the threads, which slip off the knobs A New substitute for leather has made its more than probable that many if not all of through the edges of the fabric. A little push / appearance in England, and, as it met with

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favor at the recent Maritime Exhibition in Paris, a brief description of the process of its manufacture may be of interest. From an extended description of this product, we learn the following regarding its compositon and uses : Simple sheets of thin cork are painted over with a solution of India-rubber on one side, and, when the coating has dried, a second is applied over the first. A piece of japanned cloth canvas, thin leather, or other material possessing similar qualities, is then dressed with two coats of the India-rubber solution on one side, and the cooled surfaces of the fabric and the cloth are then pressed together. The uncoated surface of the cork is now dressed with two applications of the India-rubber solution, and a piece of linen, cotton, or other fabric, is similarly treated. When the solution on the cork and piece of fabric is thoroughly dry, the two surfaces are brought together, and the compound sheet is submitted to great pressure between rollers under a stamper or press.

The result is a perfect blending of the several sheets, which thus form a new mixed fabric of great strength, and yet flexible and easily worked. Thus prepared, it can be made into bags, harnesses, boots, etc. ; indeed, it can be substituted in almost every case where leather is now used. Being thoroughly water-proof, it may also be used in the manufacture of buckets and otber vessels designed to contain water.

In a recent " note" it was announced that the Swedish Arctic Fxpedition had returned to Hammerfest, having left Professor Nordenskiold and party to make their way home by land from the mouth of the Yenisei River. This company has now arrived at Ekaterinburg, on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, and the report of their journey is such as is said “ to have caused quite a sensation in Russia." From the meagre information at hand, we learn that the voyage up the Yenisei was performed in a Nordland boat-thus proving the practicability of opening Siberia to the sea-and it is this information which has been received with such rejoicing in Russia, since it will not only give a new impetus to Siberian exploration, but will open a new road to commerce. At a meeting of the Society for the Encouragement of Commerce and Industry, M. Sidorof said that “the journey was to be ranked in importance with the discovery of a new world, as it would, in all probability, lead to the establishment a regular line of communication between Northern Europe and Siberia, and the vast resources of the latter country would thus at last find an outlet along her great fluvial highways."

AMONG the recent novel American inventions is one which is described as consisting of a telescopic arrangement of tubes projecting from the front of a locomotive-engine, and so arranged that when pushed in by contact with any object-a cow on the track, for instancea valve is opened, and a series of projectiles are thrown out, which quickly remove the obstruction. The Engineer, commenting on this product of American genius, suggests as an improvement that the tubes be replaced by a projecting spar, to the end of which a torpedo might be attached, which may be exploded by electricity under the beast, and so accelerate its movement !

class :

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ters of an inch in height. The cylinder is scorns utterly), or, " she bas a husband alone-eighth of an inch bore, and three-six- ready !213 teenths of an inch stroke. The valve moves "Well, get rid of him. What's the good one thirty-second of an inch. The materials of a man a thousand miles away--and you of which it is made are gold, silver, and steel. don't care if he keeps that distance ?? A special miniature lathe was made to turn " But he is my husband.” out its several parts.

" He need not be long. Go to Indiana."

" Then there are the children." It has been proposed to construct a ship

" How many ?” canal from Bayonne, in the bay of Biscay, "Let him provide for one half, and I'll through Toulouse, to Agde, on the Mediter- take the other. Come, fix it any hour you ranean. This, it is said, would open an al- like to." most straight line from Plymouth to Malta, Such conversations may often be heard; and would save the whole distance of the coast indeed, what conversation may not be heard of Portugal, and the south of Spain. The in America ? The partitions are so thin, the length of the canal would be about two hun- bedrooms so small, and plentiful ventilation, dred miles.

the doors so badly hung, so universal the

voice-so high-pitched--that one would need In addition to a section of one of the to wear corks in the ears not to overhear one's great trees" of California, which will be one neighbor's conversations. of the features of the Centennial Exhibition, an Oregon mill-owner proposes to furnish for

Teresina goes South, and relates the folexbibition a fir-plank, twelve feet wide and lowing instance of the ignorance of negro one hundred feet long; a spruce-plank eight | legislators : feet wide ; a cedar seven feet; a larch seven feet; and a hemlock five feet.

A negro was a member of committee in Louisiana Legislature, wbere a scheme for a canal was under discussion. “Gen'l'men,"

said this darkey, probably not understanding M is cellanea. either the words“ scheme" or " canal," " hold

hard a bit. Wouldn't it be better to wait un.

til de machine come on from New York, den

. we be better able to decide about it?" Evitracts from “ Teresina in America," dently he had confounded "scheme" and which were amusing enough to warrant a

“ machine," and thought them one and the

same thing. few more gleanings from the vivacious and very veracious volumes. Teresina is, of The following anecdote is given to illas. course, very much shocked at love and mar- trate the profound ignorance of the Degro riage making in America. She says: Girls, as I have mentioned, make their own

One of the most practical and intelligent marriages--and unmake them also. They go

negro servants I have met was cook and about with their lovers at all times and places

house-keeper to some friends to whom I was -to concerts, theatres, balls, téte-à-tête sup

paying a visit. She could read, write, ard pers, moonlight sleigh-riding, buggy-driving, sew, and studied her Bible every Sunday. She and any other pleasure in vogue. Indeed, in

became very much interested in my travels, many parts of New England the “keeping wishing to know the names of the various company is such a recognized institution

places to which I had been – all of them that a room is set apart for the betrothed to

“Greek” to her. Finding that she read her receive alone the visits of her lover in the Bible, I thought she might feel interested to evening, and the delightful tête-à-tite is often

hear about Egypt, the land of the Pharaobs. prolonged beyond midnight without any re

"Missie been there ?" sbe exclaimed, bez mark from the lady's family beyond, guess

eyes glittering with wonder and delight; “I they'll not make a long spell of this courting,

reckon now inissie been everywbere, pretty and they are sitting up together.'” And

near." Then, as it a sudden thougbt had this sage prediction turns out true enough:

struck her, “l'spects missie's been as far 25 the lover hates to leave the warm fireside of heaven now, and seen all de angels, and tell his fiancée at one or two in the morning, and

all'bout it!" Rather nonplussed, I remained thinks he bad better transplant her to bis

silent, and she continued: “Warn’t de singown.

ing beautiful, and warn't de angels' wings () yo mères de France and matrons of Eng- all golden? I’spects missie knows all about land, think of this atrocity! A brightly glow-it.”. On relating this story to her mistress, ing fire, sofa drawn up close, room made snug,

she laughed, and remarked that, like the rest, your daughter and her lover as bappy as an- she could never grasp an immaterial idea ; but gels in heaven! It is the manner and custom

that, as far as every-day life went, she was of the country — the course of love running

nevertheless the best negro she had ever had, smoothly, and they enjoying it—and if the girl and far more intelligent than most of them. were wise she would prolong the enjoyment as much as possible.

One of our queer customs is as follows: In America a woman is supposed to be able I can safely say that out of the hundreds of to take care of herself, and, as a general rule, calls made by strangers upon me in this counit must be confessed she is competent to the try, very few occurred at a private house, task. A man does not believe in a woman's when I had been fortunate enough to get into virtue any more than his own. Inclination is It would almost appear as though the the only power he acknowledges. There are inhabitants of a city thought it their duty to no distracted lovers, heart-broken damsels or sustain the proprietor of the principal hotel, wives.

by calling upon any guests of distinction be “If you love me, why don't you take me?" may have, and telling them, as they always says the impatient adinirer.

do, of the merits of the establishment. They The lady gives a pertinent reason such congratulate you on being “well located;" as, “ her parents are not willing" (which he Very fine house, the Tremont House," is

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A MINIATURE steam-engine has recently been exhibited in San Francisco which is described as a triumph of mechanical skill. The whole thing will stand on a gold dollar, and oan be covered by a number-six thimble. It is of the vertical type, and is but three-quar

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and, for the most part, require a prop to keep Every nation, alınost tribe, of the four quar

their exclamation. - Very elegant gentleman, she has it. If a boy of the same age wishes to judged. It was a vast task be imposed upon the proprietor;“You will find the clerk a smoke or chaw," he gives - if, percbance, himself-out of the anarchy into which his most accommodating gentleman ;

rebuked—the same reasons, and continues the age had fallen to create order. His order, supplied with every thing the market affords," habit.

truly, was absolutism ; but, nevertheless, it and they might add, “ all served up in greasy Mothers in general exercise some sort of was the first link in the chain which led to water.” Prudence, economy, even honesty, surveillance over the health of their children; liberty. Spite of our nineteenth-century ideas, seem to be old-fashioned virtues, quite out of but not much of that with an American moth- social and political advancement cannot be acdate in the country. No one asks or cares If a child should choose to eat green complished by leaps; it is the slowest and where you get your money, if you get it; no plums, buttermilk, and pickled mackerel, she most tedious of all progress, ard its motto ono cares whose money you spend, so that would merely remonstrate, but would not should be, “ Festina lente." Feudalism, alyou spend it. It would be nearly as prudent prevent him. If she saw him standing on the though admirably adapted for the middle ages, to admit yourself a pickpocket, as penniless. brink of a well or precipice, she might wrangle would have kept nations in eternal bondage ; If a man adroitly cheats bis neighbor, he ac- the point with him, but, having no authority until that inelastic yoke was removed, the quires reputation and respect as a

to restrain him, would remark, “ I guess he people could never expand. Both in France “Mean," “ shabby," “cheat," will stand there." Tops, hoops, skipping- and England the rise of the middle class dates obsolete words, or not used as terms of dis- ropes, foot -ball, hockey, skittles, are little from the establishment of absolute monarchy, paragement; mean" and "shabby" denot- known to or appreciated by the young folk of as the rise of the great body of the people ing only poverty.

America. They lack the energy which such dates from the French Revolution. To assert

games need, or, if they have any, display it in that Richelieu's policy aimed at ultimate freeOur friends in Florida will be amused at

a more old-fashioned way. Many will culti- dom would be to assert a fallacy; neverthe. the following in regard to Tallahassee : vate vegetables or fruit, and sell them at a less, it did much to bring it about. De Retz There is not a house to be seen that would

large profit; in fact, they begin to trade and has said that “his care for the state did not rent for a hundred a year in England. There

make money as soon as they can understand extend beyond his own life," but that manis no appearance of style, of luxury, or even any thing.

ual of statecraft, the “ Testament Politique,”

which he left behind, would seem to refute that of comfort. With a heat almost tropical, there

We are the only people who do not offer theory. The work he did for France was a are few or no appliances for keeping one's self refreshments to our guests :

grand legacy to posterity; he put a terminacool. The windows are without Venetian blinds

tion to the terrible religious wars which bad

desolated the country during more than a centhem open; the houses, too, are without veters of the globe, has its distinctive mode of

tury, and, while granting free toleration to its randas. You see the everlasting hot and showing hospitality; but the only people I

worship, he forever destroyed Protestantism dusty American pattern carpets covering the know of who offer their guests a glass of cold

as a political power; he annexed Lorraine and floors, instead of the polished-wood or tiles water only as a mark of their friendship and

the greater part of Alsace, and conquered the of other countries. No cooling drinks or respect for them, are the Americans. In very

enemies of France, whether English, Spantempting dishes; even ice-water did not enter stylish houses, a handsome silver jug filled with

iards, or Austrians ; he reformed both army into the hospitality of this country. The leav- water is placed on the table, and from this

and navy, and swept away numberless ancient ing at your hotel of a soiled bit of card-board guests may freely help themselves sans gêne,

corruptions and abuses. The days for social with the name of your visitor written thereon for the big jug will be replenished when it is

advancement, for the rise and encouragement in pencil is the climax of courtesy in Tallaempty. Hospitality outdoes itself in the water

of trade and manufactures, had not yet come; hassee, so far as a stranger may be permitted line. Some ladies give what they call “recep

that was a work reserved for a future minister, to speak from experience. tions," and they are neither more nor less

a great man, but a much smaller than he. It than receptions. We have a mania for peaches :

The lady of the house re

had not come because the middle class had not oeives her guests, and expresses her pleasure risen to sufficient consideration in the state, The Northerners, especially New-Yorkers, seeing them, after which they are at liberty

but Richelieu cut down the barriers which have a sort of mapia for peaches. They are to return home or to stay, as they feel dis

barred their progress; he was Colbert's pionalmost as devoted to peaches as to ice-cream posed. This is the whole of the entertain

He reformed with axe and sword. The and ice-water. If peaches are attainable at ment, unless they choose to examine each

forest must be cleared, the wild beasts slaughany price, no Northern belle has the smallest other’s toilets. Balls, too, are not unfrequent- | tered, before the settler can build bis hut, and scruple in requiring them at the hands of her ly given, at which ladies dance from nine

sow his corn, and live in peace. He was a devoted admirer. Every lady who professes o'clock in the evening till three or four in the

tyrant only to the great, his vengeance seldom to give any entertainment must have peaches 1 morning, without any refreshment but iced descended on less than a noble. He would -fresh if procurable ; canned if hors de saison ; water. Is it surprising that young girls who have all equal before the king, all equally but peaches at any rate. If a lady takes any | indulge in this violent exercise, fasting so amenable to the law; in that he was the first fruit she must take peaches. Peaches and long, should at so early an age become cadav

abolitionist of privilege; he was the first great cream are considered “ food for the gods." erous, lean, and unhealthy? The water-jug is

liberator of his nation. He was merciless, conspicuous even at full-dress weddings, which Teresina does not neglect to give exam

since the men he resolved to crush could be generally take place in the evening, and are

intimidated only by measures of the extremest ples of the way American children are spoiled: | followed by a ball. They do not even regard

rigor. But in war his clemency was far in adAmerican boys and girls do not amuse it as unscriptural to bid you to a wedding

vance of his age, and his victories were never themselves with toys and games like chil

feast when the wines are wanting, so com- stained by massacre or cruelty. Of the sadren in England; they prefer lounging about, pletely have they emancipated themselves

credness of individual life he had no feeling. lying on sofas, or rocking themselves in from forms and ceremonies which would

"I never undertake any thing," he said, chairs. Numbers of children, both girls and treuch on their pockets.

" without thorough consideration. But, when boys, lie down on their beds after dinner, and

once my resolution taken, I go straight to take their siesta like any old fogies. No doubt

my object; I overthrow all, I mow down all, I the indigestible food they indulge in makes An article in Temple Bar on “ Richelieu" cover all with my red cassock.” And the terthis lazy babit as essential for them as for sums up with an eloquent passage, which we

rible purpose once resolved upon, no prayer adults. But such habits of indolence con

could pierce bim, no considerations of gratitracted at that early age must become almost quote. The utterance in the first sentence

tude or humanity soften. Once, when in great ineradicable in after-life. The duty of self- about a “superficial age” manifests a senti- danger from his enemies, Montmorency ofsacrifice or self-restraint is the last thing im- ment which seems to be chronic with the fered to shelter and protect him; such genpressed on their minds, while to any unpalatable suggestion the unruly offspring generwriters for Temple Bar:

erosity should never have been forgotten.

But, when the brave maréchal lay under senally replies, “ Ma, I won't!" Nowhere else Judged by the petty canons of a superficial tence of death, he was reminded of the inciin the world, that I am aware of, is it recog- age, of which the littleness of soul is sur- dent, but without effect. He was as much the nized as a settled thing that no effort should passed only by its inflated vanity, the grand, fox as the lion; the dwarf' as the giant; he be made to correct or improve unruly and vi- antique figure of this mighty statesman is could even cringe and play the sycophant uoto cious children. If a girl of nine or ten chooses that of a tyrant and wholesale murderer. But abasement. He was as vindictive as he was to use powder and cosmetics, making a carni- it is by the canons of his own time, and by ungrateful, and never forgave either slight or val-mask of her face, the mother or teacher the broad principles taught by universal his-injury. His vanity descended to the absurd has no authority to prevent "I am bound tory, not by those of milksop humanitarians, and undignified. Fontenelle tells us that, at to have it,” she announces; and, accordingly, that Armand Richelieu and his deeds must be the representation of his tragedy, “ Mirame,”

eer.

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