« הקודםהמשך »
branches, they each constitute but a division, tle, those whose leadership achieved the vica section, of the High Court of Justice. Sir tory, are all dead. The last of the group,
Literary. Alexander Cockburn is the last of the Lord who is just deceased, reflects honor upon our Chief - Justices of England, and is already country, not so much by his political convic- CHATEVER his subject, any thing that spoken of by the London papers as the tions as by his political integrity; and he il
Mr. W. R. Greg may have to say is “late Lord Chief Justice.” He is now more lustrates the soundness of the political theo- always worth listening to, and, indeed, is very elaborately but less augustly termed “the ry that permits the humblest citizen to aspire
likely to force itself upon the attention. Fer
contemporary writers upon political and soPresident of the Queen's Bench Division to the highest office by proving that one from
cial topics have his breadth of culture and of the High Court of Justice." In similar the ranks may acquire place without the sacri. comprehensiveness of knowledge, and none manner, the other presiding judges have fice of honor, may be ambitious for himself, and wield a more incisive and vigorous pen. He come to be chairmen of judicial committees, yet be faithful to the principles he has em- does not always convince, and his peculiarly detailed to a particular place for special braced, may, even from the shoemaker's bench,
uncompromising and aggressive style is very duties. carry into politics personal dignity and high in those who do not entirely agree with him ;
likely to awaken a sentiment of antagonism This revolutionary change, strange to breeding. HENRY Wilson will be remembered
but we may pick up any fragment of his writsay, has been effected without any strenuous mainly because of his connection with the
ings with the absolute certainty of finding opposition from any high legal quarter. Sir antislavery struggle. He is not identified something that will set one to thinking. As Alexander Cockburn has consented to be leg. with other public measures; he did not ex
Swinburne says of John Ford, you cannot islated out of his historic dignity without a hibit a knowledge of statecraft; nor did he
merely shake hands with Mr. Greg or tip him murmur; and Tories as well as Liberals have display conspicuous gifts as an orator or a
a nod and pass on; if you encounter him at acquiesced in the sudden metamorphosis. We writer. His virtues were many; his rise from
all, it is not easy to escape, and before parting
he is very likely to shake one out of any little hear of no protest from the gentlemen of the his lowly birth remarkable. If his talents
sell-complacent intellectual jugglery in which gown-albeit the legal profession in Eng- were not of a brilliant order, he showed he may have been indulging. No book with land is as obstinately conservative of old great persistency, marvelous industry, and a which we are acquainted is better adapted traditions, and as interested in opposing any practical talent for leadership.
than his “ Enigmas of Life” to compel the change in the old order of things, as the
reader to examine into the basis of his social,
political, and religious creeds. As we bare Bench of Bishops itself. The change, how. The future historian of these times may
said, we may not always accept his argu. ever, is unquestionably one for the better. be induced to cite, as a striking instance of
ments, but it is absolutely impossible to ig. Not only are the several courts dissolved the " commercial spirit of the age," the in- nore them. into one, but the powers of all are acquired vention and sale of spurious university de- His latest work, “Rocks Ahead," * is of by each. The Queen's Bench Division will grees. It has long been customary in Italy,
less general interest than the one just men. have equity powers added to those of common and perhaps in other countries, to sell titles
tioned, inasmuch as it deals with matters of law; the Chancery Division will apply com- of nobility ; but it has been reserved to some
an almost exclusively local character; but,
though addressed particularly to the author's mon law as well as equity. Thus the suitor, American speculators to create phantom col
countrymen, it is worth the attention of all to whatever division he resorts for redress, leges and dispose of degrees supposed to pro- who are interested in the study of scientific will be able to obtain complete justice in a ceed from them for a matter of five dollars. politics. For the problems which present single trial. It has long been a matter of The honors so easily acquired do not, to be
themselves for solution in England to-day complaint that, in many cases, a person bad sure, entitle the purchaser to the peculiar
are, with slightly - changed conditions, the to go to chancery for an injunction, and to privileges which, as we are informed, are en
problems which sooner or later must confront
nearly every civilized nation of the world; the common-law courts for compensation; joyed by the Oxford Masters of Arts, who,
and the “solidarity of mankind" is suffithat not seldom a suitor seeking justice | in virtue of that dignity, are permitted to ciently true to render the experience of one would be forced to the expense of proceed-smoke in the high-street, to drive a dog-cart great nation full of valuable lessons for all ing first in one court and then in another, without the written sanction of a provost, to
others. It is, therefore, no nominal reform which dine at the Mitre, and to vote in convoca
The object which Mr. Greg bad in vier in unites in each tribunal all the powers requi- tion. Yet, while the mass of people are
taking upon himself the unpopular råe of
Cassandra was to signalize “tbree especial site to develop all the rights and wrongs of a still inclined to respect the scholastic initials
dangers hanging over the future of England case, and to send the suitor from its doors of honor, and to take them as testimonials
-three 'rocks ahead' on which the dignity satisfied that full justice has been done. of capacity and character in practical mat- and well-being of the country and the bappi
ters of life, it is well that some effort should ness of its citizens may not improbably be One by one our great men pass away. In be made to confine them to a bona - fide
wrecked.” These three national dangers are: little more than a decade, so large a number
A real master of arts has, and
1. The political supremacy of the lower class. of those conspicuous by their public posi- should have, a better chance in procuring
es; 2. The approaching industrial decline of
England; 3. The divorce of the intelligence tion or their high abilities have been mar- the headship of a school, than one who can.
of the country from its religion. None of shaled into the ranks of departed spirits, not show that credential of a full and liberal these has as yet fully developed itself; but that authority, party leadership, and political education; so, too, a doctor of medicine, all are potential, and the first has already bad guidance, have passed in this brief period who has won his certificate by long and suc
its path cleared of nearly all logical obstá, into almost wholly different hands. Lincoln, cessful study, has a right to be preferred
cles. The Reform Bill of 1867 effected s Seward, Chase, Sumner, Stevens, Johnson,
“transformation in the political constitution to one who cannot call himself “doctor"
of these islands so complete and thorough Wilson, is a list that includes nearly all the by reason of not baving won it. But if er
that few revolutions in modern times bare political leaders identified with the antislave- ery quack is able to procure this outward
been more sweeping," the essence of the ry movement. The victory had been but lit- symbol of proficiency by a small money pay. revolution consisting in this, that it takes tle more than won ere the great captains laid ment, and thus impose upon the public by
the command of the representation out of down their bâtons. Some few who were con- an arrant imposture, it is time that the law
the hands of the propertied classes, and puts spicuous in forming public opinion still sur. should interpose, and punish the practice as
* Rocks Ahead; or, the Warnings of Cassandra vive, but those who really fought out the bat- it does all other forms of swindling.
By W. R. Greg. Boston: J. R. Osgood & Co.
it into the hands of the wage-receiving class. | facturing and become an agricultural com- of his poems he seems to be arguing instead es-transfers the electoral supremacy from munity. Now the population of England is of singing ; yet the thought is illumined capital to labor. When household suffrage already much larger than agriculture alone by imagination, and its expression is nearly has been extended to the counties, as it soon would support, and is increasing at a rapid always musical. “The Bird and the Bell," will be, there will be five million poor electors rate; and, unless the crisis be sagaciously which he places first, and which is, on tbe against two million well-to-do electors; and prepared for long beforehand, it will bring whole, the best piece in the volume, is evieach vote of one class counts for just as such distress and suffering as have rarely dently the kind of poetry in which he feels much as each vote of the other. “It is been witnessed in modern times.
most at home. It uches upon religion idle," says Mr. Greg, “to argue that the The third or religious “rock” is of a dif. and politics, denounces the Roman Catholic working-classes will not pull together, nor ferent nature, but may readily combine with Church, wishes Italy God-speed in her strug. the poor be thus in a mass arrayed against the other two to produce a national catas- gle for freedom (the poem was written before the rich-probably not yet; possibly not as trophe. “I allege,” says Mr. Greg, “that in the “War of Liberation"), and prophesies the a rule; almost certainly not except on class England the highest intelligence of the nation final triumph of the spirit of progress. The questions of a social character. But some- is not only not in harmony with the nation's amount of feeling with wbich parts of it are times they will, and at any time they may; creed, but is distinctly at issue with it; does imbued would seem to belie what we have and the broad, indisputable fact remains that not accept it; largely, indeed, repudiates it just said of Mr. Cranch's most characteristic the lower class of voters are far the most in the distinctest manner, or, for peace and verse; but the feeling is the fervent indignanumerous ; are, or may be, preponderant in prudence' sake, discountenances it by si. tion of a thinker at the wrongs which have the proportion of five to two or five to three; lence, even where it does not demur to it in forced themselves upon his contemplation. and that, in consequence, wben they are all words.” Now, sooner or later the thinkers So many of the allusions are to events which registered, and whenever they choose to draw of a people must inoculate and inter-pene- have already lost their interest, and so many together, they will be despotic at the poll, trate that people with their thought; and of the prophecies have been either fulfilled and have the command of the representation when skepticism has extended to the lower or rendered impossible of fulfillment, that the in the House of Commons. And the House classes, Christianity will have lost its police poem has lost something of its first freshof Commons, as we all know, is all but om- influence, and the poor of this world will ness; but, as the author says,
" the thoughts nipotent.” The special danger which men- no longer be content to trust to a future and principles here embodied can never cease aces England from this state of things lies life for righting the wrongs and inequalities to interest all who care for liberty of thought in the probability that the non-propertied or of this. On the contrary, he will soon reach and speech," while the verse will always rewage-receiving classes will use their electoral the convietion that "if he is to rest, to be tain much of its original charm. The tone power to achieve those objects which they i happy, to enjoy his fair share of the sunshine is, on the whole, remarkably even and well have most at heart. “Now, what are the ob- and the warmth of life, he must do it now, at sustained, but now and then a stanza rises jects which the wage-receiving classes have once, without a day's delay;" and with this above the general level and lodges itself in notoriously and inevitably most at heart- there will come a fierce resentment at the the memory. Here is an example: must have most at heart-cannot for a mo- flagrant inequalities around him, the compar
“ The music of the soul can ne'er be mute. ment be blamed for having most at heart? ative (often positive) wretchedness in which
What thougb the brazen clang of antique form Clearly, higher wages, shorter hours, more he has hitherto remained, and the fables
Stop for a hundred years the angel's lute, power of dictating conditions of work, and which he has been told to pacify him-till he The angel smiles, and when the deafening storm less strictness in the interpretation of con- will hate as well as onvy those above him,
Has pealed along the ages, with the warm
Touch the immortals own, he sings again, tracts; and all these things more or less di- and learn to regard their spoliation as an act
Clearer and sweeter, like the sunshine after rain." rectly through the instrumentality of legisla- of righteous restitution." tion. They wish for two other things besides Such are the “rocks " which Mr. Greg There are nearly a hundred poems in the -relief from all taxation which in any way signalizes to his countrymen; and it cannot collection, presenting specimens of nearly all increases the cost of living, and increase in be denied that the outlook which he offers the familiar measures, and exhibiting conthose sorts of public expenditure which cre- them is a gloomy one. True, he is no mere siderable mastery of the art of versification. ate a demand for their labor.” The inevita- | prophet of evil, but believes that the worst Most of them are short, few being more than ble result of such legislation would be to en- dangers may be averted by dealing with three or four pages long, and they were aphance the cost of production, thus placing them wisely and in time. It is evident, how- parently thrown off at varying intervals durBritish industry at a disadvantage with that ever, that he has more faith in the reality of ing a period extending from 1848 to the of other countries where similar interferences the dangers than in the probability of there present time—the last ten years being tbe are not permitted, and ultimately destroying being wisdom enough to cope with them ; most prolific. There are war-poems, breaththat commercial supremacy upon which the and, while he points out the antidote, he bas ing a loftier and more generous spirit than national prosperity, and probably the nation. little hope that the patient will realize his most of the verse baving that origin; there al existence, depend.
position until the poison has done its work are the usual vers d'occasion, of which the ode Closely connected with the preceding is upon his system.
to Margaret Fuller Ossoli, the poem on “Muthe second or economic “rock” — the ap- In a somewhat lengthy preface, Mr. Greg sic," and the one on Michael Angelo Buonaproaching industrial decline of Er.gland. This plays havoc with one or two of his “critics rotti,” are exceptionally good; there are son. decline Mr. Greg regards as wholly inevitable, and objectors ;” and the appendix contains nets—a species of verse to which Mr. Cranch the sole question being as to how long it may an article in which Americans may have the does not take very readily; and there is a be postponed, though any legislation increas- pleasure of contemplating themselves in the fine classical fragment, “ Iapis,” suggested ing the cost of labor or diminishing its pro- rôle of political Helot.
by a passage from Virgil, which would ductiveness would greatly precipitate its ad
seem to point very distinctly to the appro. vent. The reason why such a decline is in- MR. CRANCH would hardly claim for him- priate work of the future translator of the evitable is that the cheap coal which, com- self a very high place in the choir of poets; “ Æneid.” Of course, we can do no more bined with cheap labor, has made England | yet his poems * are evidently the expression in going through such a list than mention a the workshop of the world, must in time be of a mind sensitive to all forms of beauty, few that are specially worth notice. Among exhausted, or at least drawn upon to such an whether in the natural or moral world, catho-these, the poems descriptive of Nature are extent that it will no longer be cheap as com- lic in its sympathies, keen of insight, reflec- perhaps the most pleasing. "The Changing pared with that of other countries. Omi. tive, and apt to seek satisfaction rather in Year,"
,” “The Evening Primrose,” “Decemnous indications of the near approach of this ratiocinative processes than in moods and ber,” and “October," are full of observation period are already visible, and its sure result feeling. His verse, indeed, is the offspring and sympathy;“The Bobolinks” and “Bird will be that England will cease to manufact- of thought rather than emotion, and in many Language" are as nearly humorous as Mr. ure for the rest of the world, even if she find
Cranch ever becomes, and are genuine, spon
* The Bird and the Bell, with other Poems. By it profitable to continue to manufacture for
Christopher Pearse Cranch. Boston: J. R. Osgood
taneous singing; and “Shelling Peas"is a pas. herself—will, in fact, cease to be a manu. ! & Co.
toral in the style of Lowell's “Courtin'.” “By
the Shore of the River" is a tenderly beauti- Renaissance that “ glorious epoch which ficial plant cultivated at great cost, withering ful retrospect, written in extremely melodious comprises, along with the last quarter of the
in spite of the compost heaped about it, forverse, whose easy rhythm and swiftly-recurring fifteenth century, the first thirty or forty eign to the soil and painfully supported in an rhymes make melancholy music in the mind; 1 years of the sixteepth,” and within whose
atmosphere made for maintaining the sciences, and “A Day of Memories " is a companion- narrow limits the most accomplished artists
literatures, manufactures, policemen, and dress
coats; it forms a portion of a whole; the cipiece, though here memory is less strongly flourished-Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Mi
ies which cover their town - halls and their tinctured with regret. Some of these we chael Angelo, Andrea del Sarto, Fra Bartolo.
churches with painted figures, gather around should be glad to quote, but no one of them meo, Giorgione, Titian, Sebastian del Piom- it countless tableaux vivants more transient but is quite so characteristic as the following: bo, and Correggio. The history, indeed, is more imposing; it is only a summary of these.
viewed throughout from the stand-point of The men of this day are amateurs of painting, “ IN A CHURCH.
art; but the reader finds himself invited, not not for an hour, for a single moment in their to consider abstract principles, but to survey
life, but throughout their life, in their reli" The organ breathed in harmonies so sweeet, That paradise, with sons of light and air, the wide field of Italian politics, religion, gious ceremonies, in their national festivities,
in their public receptions, in their avocations, And daughters of the morn, seemed floating culture, and manners.
and in their amusements." round:
According to M. Taine's theory, the first Rich modulations, vaalting fugues that bear factor which demands our attention in the
Never was the temperature requisite for The heart a captive; as when Ganymede, Borne by Jove's eagle to the Olympian feast,
milieu of the Renaissance is the race of men the growth of the arts of design so favorable; Sees the earth fade, and all the sky becomes among whom it arose : “ In its kingdom, never have a similar moment and similar Before his gaze one wide auroral east.
which is that of form, this race is sovereign; surroundings been seen. • Analogous cus
the spirit of other races, compared to it, is toms, but of their kind a little less perfect, "The sunshine, flashing through the flying cloud, coarse and brutal; it alone bas (!iscovered produced, in establishing itself in Spain, in
Struck on the many-tinted window-paves, and manifested the natural order of ideas Flanders, and even in France, an analogous And dashed a chord of colors on the wall,
and images." The second factor is the com- art, although altered or perverted by the Now strong, now fading like the dying strains; A prismy gush of hues that slid oblique
parative intelligence and refinement of Italy original dispositions of the races among which Down the gray columns, like a glowing truth at that period. While, throughout the rest it was transplanted ; and we may come to Whose white light tinted in a poet's brain of Europe, “the régime is still feudal, and this conclusion with certainty, that, to bring Breaks in a thousand rhymes of love and yontb.
men, like powerful savage brutes, think of a similar art afresh on the world's stage, there
but little besides eating, drinking, and physi- must be a lapse of centuries, which will first “ The hour was framed for silent thought and cal activity, ... Italy, on the contrary, is establish here a similar milicu." prayer,
almost a modern country.” Literature flour. The book is published in two styles—b; The place should seem a hcavenly shepherd's
ishes and is honored, and the arts of refined itself in a small volume, and together with fold. We waited for a voice that might sustain
society are cultivated to a point probably “Art in Greece" and “ Art in the Nether. Our spirits' flight, nor let the air grow cold never since attained. At the same time, this lands," as the second series of " Lectures on About our wings, but bear is higber still,
culture had not, as in our day, become over- Art" in the uniform library edition of Taine's Till, touched by faith and love and wisdom pure,
works. We felt the power that listed man to God,
culture; the brain was not oppressed with The central truths no dogmas could obscure. ideas to the exclusion of images. "To make
the arts of design flourish demands a soil Dickens was never a very severe critie
which is not uncultivated, but, at the same of his own work, and it is probable that any “And yet the priest, discordant 'mid accords, With waste of words, half truth, half error
time, which is not over-cultivated. ... To of his writings wbich he was willing to let mixed,
have grand, simple forms fixed on canvas drop into oblivion were scarcely worth the Thin homilies and thcologic prayers,
by the hand of a Titian or a Raphael, reHe only jarred the music, spread betwixt
preservation. This inference is certainly Nature and God a cloud that dimmed the sun,
quires a natural production of these in the true of the “Sketches of Young Ladies, And made the inspiring church a vaulted tomb; minds of the men around them; and to have Young Gentlemen, and Young Couples," ap And not till once again we trod the street them naturally produced in men's minds it is American edition of which is now for thc Vanished that shadow of imagined doom." necessary that images be not smothered nor
first time published (New York: E. J. Hale mutilated by ideas." There must also be & Son). The origin of the sketches is tbus The method of M. Taine in philosophizing picturesque surroundings to life, and a genu- narrated in the editor's “ Advertisement:" on art, literature, or national character, is ine and general love of picturesqueness; and “ The first series, ‘Sketches of Young Laalready familiar even to those who have not both these were marked characteristics of the
dies,' was written by a young collegian urder made a study of the works of this brilliant Italians at the period under notice. But in
the nom de plume of Quiz,' and issued in 3 and fascinating writer. Given, the antece. order that the art of the Renaissance should
small volume shortly before its author's dents of a people, and its national character attain its preëminence it was necessary that death. The great favor with which it 133 is an effect as easily deducible as any other the artists should select the human form for received, led the publishers-by whom - Picknatural phenomenon whose causes are known; the principal subject of their picturesque tal. wiek,' just then completed, had been issued and given, national character with its cir. ent; and that they should do this was the in monthly numbers-to prevail upon Mr. cumstances or surroundings-its milieli—and inevitable effect of a period in which physi. Dickens to supplement it with two additional the art or literature of any period is a purely
cul prowess was essential to safety and physi- volumes, one devoted to "Young Gentlemen' natural and therefore inevitable outcome. In cal beauty the most assured passport to fa- and the other to ‘Young Couples.'” It will fact, the most magnificent and apparently ab.
Wherever they turned, “ healthy, pow. be seen from this that their chronological normal achievements of human genius are in
erful, energetic figures, which subsequent position is contemporaneous wito " Oliver reality subject to laws as fixed and unalterable ages have only been able to find or to copy Twist,” and between “ Pickwick "and" Vichas any in the domain of physics. Of course,
traditionally,” met their eyes; and to repro- olas Nickleby”--the period when Dickens in dealing with these phenomena as presented
duce these was the surest way to satisfy the was doing some of his best work; but it is in any past epoch, their laws or philosophy art-instincts of the people. To sum up:
also evident that they are mere hack-work, are to be sought in history; and hence M. "A picturesque state of mind-that is to the pattern of which had been cut out by Taine's lectures on the philosophy of art can say, midway between pure ideas and pure im- another hand, and to which the author de be much more accurately described as his- ages-energetic characters and passionate hab- clined to put his name. They have a certain torical disquisitions than as art - criticism. its suited to giving a knowledge of and taste
interest, of course, as the production of 1 His latest work, for example, " The Philosofor beautiful physical forms, constitute the
great author ; but they show simply tbat, phy of Art in Italy" (New York: Henry flolt temporary circumstances which, added to the
even after “Pickwick” had made him fainnate aptitudes of the race, produced in Italy & Co.), touches scarcely at all upon matters
the great and perfect painting of the human mous, Dickens was ready to put his band to pertaining distinctively and exclusively to form. ... It is not, as with us, a school pro
any thing that would turn him an bones! urt, while it gives an exceedingly graphic and duction, an occupation of the critics, a pastime penny. Here and tbere in the volume, it is sivid picture of Italy at the cpoch of the for the curious, an amateur's mania, an arti- true, there are happy touches, but, on the
whole, they display surprisingly little trace of that rollicking humor and keen portrayal of character which are so conspicuous in the somewhat similar “Sketches by Boz.” Per. haps the best thing in the volume are the illustrations by “Phiz." These are much nearer the average level of Browne's work than are the sketches to that of Dickens.
* Dread ocean, burst upon me with thy shores, Fling wide thy waters when the storms bear
sway: Thy bosom opens to a thousand prores,
Yet fleets with idle daring breast thy spray, Ripple with arrow's track thy closing plain,
And graze the surface of thy deep domain. • Man dares not tread thy liquid way,
Thou spurn'st that despot of a day,
From storm-gulfs to the skies;
Thy reign his rage deties.
* Or, should be force his passage there,
Thou risest, mocking his despair;
The surge's vast unfathomed gloom
as the gray fur around the lady's mantle'is The Irts.
furry, or the pale hair and the tender fesli of the throat are like to their own kina.
Max is still a young man, but his pictures R. AVERY has lately returned from bave long been highly esteemed in Europe
his usual summer trip to Europe, and for their excellence in the respects we bave has brought home with him several dozen mentioned, and also because each of them fine works, collected from the French Salon is possessed of marked peculiarity of its own. of the last season, from England, Munich, One of these pictures, as different as possi. Berlin, and Belgium. A very pleasant and
ble from “The Broken Lute," represents a instructive hour can be spent at his charming young blind girl sitting at the entrance to rooms (No. 88 Fifth Avenue) looking at the the Catacombs, just within the portals. She paintings, and hearing his intelligent analyses holds in her hand a lamp, with its lighted of their qualities. Fortuny is represented by taper, and a group of these lamps are beside three or four sketches, and one elaborate her. To every stranger who enters sbe prepainting ; Blaise Desgoffe by two, one of sents a lighted lamp, that when he descends which is from the Salon of this year. There into the mystic chambers of the dead he may are also an excellent Zamacoïs, two George H. find his way. At her feet are branches of Boughtons, a Jules Breton, a Delort, two or palms to strew upon the graves, and around three charming paintings by Charnay, a her, in the dimly-lighted chamber, are the young artist who has won great credit late- | distinctive features of these peculiar structly in France; a Schreyer, and a Gabriel Another picture that attracted great Max. Knaus, whose works rarely find their attention abroad is of Juliet when she lies way across the ocean, so greedily are they | in her trance on the morning in which her sought for abroad, is represented by a cray- | marriage should have been. A heaviness on-sketch of an old man. Mr. Avery has and pallor, almost of death, is in her form also a charming Diaz. A fine specimen by crusbing back the pillows, and a pall-like Merle of a girl of the middle ages can also be gloom hovers in the misty darkness of the seen here, besides a Boldini, and paintings velvet draperies of her dim chamber, forming by other well-known artists.
a great contrast to which is the view through Among the more interesting of these pict- her lattice window of the gay crowd drawn ures, where all are good, is the warm-hued together for the wedding that might never painting by Gabriel Max. Munich is now tak. be. ing such a prominent place in the art-world, The American art-loving public are familand combines so much of the peculiar excel. iar with certain well-known foreign names, lence of French study with the rich color of but to possess any adequate idea of the de. the Roman-Spanish school, and the elaborate velopment of modern painting abroad, it is detail of outline that has been the distinc. desirable to observe talent as it develops tion of the German method, besides the Bel- under different conditions and in various gian specialty of chiaro-oscuro, that an artist countries. Within a few years the relative of talent who paints in Munich subject to all importance of French art has undoubtedly these influences is sure to do very satisfac- changed, and Americans should no longer be tory work. The picture of Max to which we content to number in their list of painters refer is one that, painted in France, would abroad only the students of the Frenclı school. have been simply a costume-picture, while in Fortuny is well known here, and he is one Rome it might have been a bit of fine color; of a very few who dispute with Gérôme, but in Munich it combines both qualities Merle, Bouguereau, and Meissonier, a preëmiwith a charming and delicate sentiment, and nence which he in turn is likely to share with a delightful variety of texture in the various the Munich painters and with Belgian artists. divisions of the picture; and all these are Mr. Avery has been uncommonly successful united under a melodious general light and in bringing out with biro perhaps the most shadow. The scene is an ordinary one of a excellent Fortuny that has been seen in New blond lady in a velvet mantle, edged with York. It is often said by art-people unfamilgray fur, and with an olive-colored dress, iar with his best pictures, that Fortuny tells standing in a room curtained with old tapes- as much in his etchings as he can ever tell in try, and bending over a carved oaken chair paint. Some of the sketches, and certainly to contemplate a lute with a broken string, the few of his pictures that have been brought on the end of which a wreath of evergreen to New York, would give this impression. has been thrown; and by it, on the table, lies Subtile and interesting lines are very promi. a pale-white rose. The empty chair, as well nent in these etchings, but subtile and intri. as the other incidents in the picture, suggests cate tones of paint suitable to go with these a death, but this fact is so little prominent lines do not usually appear. Mr. Avery has as not to disturh the æsthetic conditions of a little and very elaborate painting of two the picture as a composition, while yet afford- old men dressed in the French costume of a ing a sentiment sufficiently marked to give hundred and fifty years ago. Both are in an apparent reason why the picture should satin coats, one piok and the other white, have been made. As a painting, it is full of and in powdered wigs. The men themselves, fine tones of olive-color, which hue plays it is needless to say, are full of life and ex. over the half-drawn figures in the rich tapes. pression, but their dresses are something try of the wall, dim with distance, and par- excellent. A pink rose, with its petals tially lighted by a golden filtering of yellow crushed, its inner lining turned out to the sunlight. The olive shade becomes greenish light, and its outer leaves faded and purple on a magnificent table-corering of heavy or dried, could scarcely exhibit a greater velvet-velvet which is as unmistakably such range of lovely colors than this pink-satiu
** The banks are kingdoms, where the shrine, the
throne, The poinp of human things are changed and
past. The people, they are phantoms, they are flown,
Time has avenged thee on their strength at last. Thiy billows idiy rest on Sidon's shore,
And her bold pilots wound thy pride no more. +- Rome, Athens, Carthage! what are they?
Spoiled heritage, successive prey ;
And grasp disputed reign ;
And Slavery hugs his chain.
On Apennine's subsiding hill ;
And glorious mirror! how thy azure face
What awful grandeur rounds thy heaving space!
And God's throne rests on thy majestic deeps !". Chênedolle's odo may be found in Longfellow's “Poetry of Europe,” from which the above translation is derived. Some doubt exists as to who was the plagiarist in this case, if any plagiarism there is. The fourth canto of " Childe Harold,” in which Byron's famous lines to the sea appear, was published in 1818; Chênedollé was born in 1769. In 1807 he produced “ The Genius of Man," a poem greatly admired; in 1820 he published a collection of his early odes, with some new ones. It is uncertain when the ode from which the extract above is given first appeared.
coat stretched upon the portly form of the study from Nature. The old mill - pond it. In no other case, however, in which lastold French courtier. The pockets, too, of spreads out in the foreground, fringed with ing popularity is won, and a one-part piece bag this wonderful coat are elaborate and crisp in willows and other shrubbery which thrive in
run for years, can the actor escape the charge touch, and as strangely beautiful as are the marshy places, and its surface dotted with
of pandering to the tastes of the less educated
portion of his audience, or venturing upon tight sleeves or the high color of the pink | lily-pads and clumps of cats’-tails. The sky
ground outside the domain of art."
OUR PARIS LETTER.
Norember 9, 1875. and so poetical withal, would have introduced
tion, the directors of the different public element, for the sake of obtaining the ap
libraries of Paris have recently published agportunity to learn that his marvelous grace plause of the multitude; but, fortunately, thentic statements of the books, manuscripts, of line is by no means combined with a dull Mr. Miller is not one of that class. He is
etc., contained in each. We learn, therefore, and coarse use of the tints of the palette. satisfied with Nature as he finds it, and few that the Bibliothèque Nationale heads the list
lovers of art will deny that he is not, in feel- with 1,700,000 printed volumes, 80.000 manaMr. Julian Scott has lately completed | ing and sentiment, fully in accord with its scripts, 1,000,000 prints, maps, and engravings, two cabinet pictures : one of which is an most poetical phases. This work is notice- and 120,000 medals. The Library of the Artearmy scene, representing officers in their tent able as an example of perspective drawing,
nal, which is under the charge of M. de Bornier, reading dispatches; the other depicts the as its purity of tone and exquisite mastery
the author of “La Fille de Roland," contains duel between Burr and Hamilton. The of the details of local color and atmosphere
200,000 volumes and 8,000 manuscripts. The “Reading of Dispatches” shows a group of
Mazarin Library numbers 200,000 volumes, make it a lasting expression of the beautiful.
4,000 manuscripts, and 80 models, executed in four men. The senior officer is sitting with
relief, and representing the Pelasgie monuhis legs resting on a brass - clamped army
“ An importa t technical work,” says the
ments of Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor. Toe trunk, and in his hands is spread out a large Academy, "entitled “ Einfache Möbel im Cha
Ste.-Geneviève Library possesses 160,000 printsheet of paper, while numerous letters are rakter der Renaissance' ('Simple Furniture in
ed works and 350,000 manuscripts. The Liscattered about him on the floor. Half in
the Style of the Rennissance'), is being brought | brary of the Sorbonne contains 80,000 volshadow at his side a youth, with a bugle in out in parts in Germany under the superin
umes, and that of the Medical School 35,, his hand, is listening to the news, and the tendence of the Austrian Minister for Trade.
Total, 2,375,000 printed volumes, 442,000 manutwo other members of the party are close to It has been prepared by Professor Joseph | scripts, and 1,120,000 prints, medals, etc. him in front. The figure of the senior officer Storck, and offers valuable help to teachers in
There is talk of organizing an exhibition is very excellent in its easy attitude, and is
art and industrial schools, as well as practical in Paris, which would be of great interest to instruction to cabinet-makers and those en
book-collectors; namely, one of rare books better in this respect than in any picture of gaged in the decoration and furnishing of our
and artistic bindings. It is to be bored that Mr. Scott's tbat we remember. The acces. modern dwellings. The first number is de
the project will not be suffered to end in talk, sories of his dress, too, are painted with voted to the furniture of the dining-room, with
as the exhibition would be a very curious and very careful elaboration, and the order on its dining-table, seats, and buffets. The ex
instructive one in many respects. The Jourhis breast and the epaulets on his shoulders amples given are not merely of articles only
nal Officiel consecrated lately an interesting are made out with great care. The composi- suited for palaces, as is so often the case in
article to book-binding, considered in its artion and grouping of the picture are good, and works of this sort, but are generally simple
tistic aspects. The writer says: “ The his. its color is rich and mellow-toned. The pict- pieces of furniture, suitable for moderate-sized
tory of book-binding has never yet been writ
The art took its birth in the middle
person desirous of furnishing his house ac- ages, as did so many others by which me canvas than the first, and shows in the gray cording to the principles of Renaissance art.” profit to-day, in the cloisters of the monastie
orders. Each monastery possessed a bali light an opening in the woods. Pale grass, The women artists of London have organ
called the scriptorium, wherein the coprists that looks dank beneath the dark trees, fades ized a series of meetings designed for mutual
and binders worked. These last were already off into a sickly distance. In the foreground improvement, where a qualified painter is to
real artists, and called to their aid the art of is the figure of Burr, accompanied by the
offer criticisms. “It is proposed,” says the the lapidary and the goldsmith. One of them, surgeon, and a few rods behind this pair
Athenæum, “ that pictures which are in prog- named Herman, followed William the Cone Hamilton is indistinctly seen lying on the
ress for exhibition, by female painters, should queror to England, and became Bishop of grass, with Pendleton, his second, near him.
be brought together, and their qualities, short- Salisbury. Among the celebrated bindings
comings, and, we presume, merits, pointed of that epoch, we may cite a Greek copy of Burr is a portrait, but the faces of the men
out, and advice for the remedying of errors the Evangelists, given to the Basilica of Monin the distance are too vague to appear. proffered to the artists. It seems a capital za by Theodelinde, Queen of the Lombards, This painting is valuable as showing an idea to offer these facilities to tyros, who can with a covering formed of two plates of gold historical event of importance, but scarce- bardly be expected to see their own mistakes enriched with colored stones and antique ly so much interest attaches to it as to the until it is too late. Advanced artists may be cameos; and above all the · Livre d'Heures.' “Reading of the Dispatches," with which thankful for candid criticism."
written in letters of gold upon purple-hued class of scenes Mr. Scott's army experience
parchment, and bound in red velvel, which The London Athenæum, upon the reappear- was presented by Charlemagne to the city of
ance of Mr. Jefferson as Rip Van Winkle, at Toulouse. This marvel belonged to the Li Scott's new pictures shows a precision and
the Princess's Theatre, gives this actor very brary of the Louvre, and was destroyed in the force superior to his former productions, and
high praise. It says: “No representation of conflagration of that edifice under the Commin the army-scene the composition stamps the the class during ten years has stirred equally artist as well developed in that most difficult an English audience. Yet none of the meuns “In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, branch of art.
to which the modern actor resorts is employed. bindings were executed in enameled copper.
There is no preposterous attire to win a laugh, The Musée de Cluny possesses two magnifCHARLES H. Miller's latest picture gives
no extravagance of gesture, no noise, no rant, cent specimens of this work. a view of " A Long Island Mill-Pond," drawn
no effort. Every thing moves as easily and as “Finally, the Arabs, at the period of the at mid-day, and in the summer-time.
noiselessly as machinery, and the required ef- Crisades, taught to the Occidentals the art Like
fect is produced. It is a source of saddening all of Mr. Miller's pictures of Long Island
of using leather, stamped with gold or silver
, reflection that we have scarcely a second in- for book-binding, and it is solely from this scenery, this subject has no picturesque feat- stance of the kind to advance. Highly credit- epoch that we date our modern bindings. ures, but depends for its success solely upon able performances are seen upon our stage, The sixteenth century was the epoch when its simplicity and truthful treatment as a some of which have long held possession of the art reached its apogee; it offers, so to