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entering upon soine special effort, tired and verse and unsympathetic mood is forced and arriving in New York January 24th. In that disheartened, have found the very work itself irksome.

interval 'there were seven storms that left a relief and a rest. Thirdly: “Brain-work- But we have devoted so extended a space

New York, and all of these were encouners live under better sanitary conditions than to the consideration of these conditions of

tered near the predicted times and places. A muscle-workers."

further confirmation of these predictions is In seeking reasons for longevity as to compel a more brief review

furnished by the log of the steamship Austhis we find them to be twofold: first, brain of the “Causes of Exceptional Longevity of

trian, which left nine days after the Palmyra, work makes men wise, and the wise man re- Great Brain-Workers." Here it will be no.

and also encountered all of the storms which spects the claims of law, sanitary as well as ticed that the words exceptional and great had not reached England at the time of her decivil. Again, brain-workers are more likely are emphasized, since Dr. Beard regards the parture, and two additional ones which left to be less embarrassed pecuniarily than other explavation of the surprising longevity of America after the arrival of the Palmyra. To an laborers. We know it is the fashion for great brain-workers as quite complex. These extended tracing of these nine storms and their editors and publishers to discourage the causes he classifies under five distinct heads, history, as given in the meteorological records youthful aspirants with the statement that and we must be content to mer ely state them,

and the logs of these slips, Mr. Draper gives

his attention in the remainder of his valuable they have more now of such kind of service leaving the reader to consider their merits

report. We shall notice but one of these, howthan they can advantageously employ; and and possible significance : "1. Great men

ever, as it will serve to illustrate the value of yet the mild emphasis laid on the words such usually come from healthy, long-lived ances

the formula above given, and the method of service proves that there is a class of service tors. 2. A good constitution usually accom- its use: The registers of the Central Park for which they would gladly pay and pay panies a good brain. 3. Great men who are Observatory for December 26, 1870, indicated well. It is no later than yesterday that the permanently successful have correspondingly a disturbance having all the charac:eristics of writer heard the editor of a well-known jour greater wills than common men, and force

one which would cross the Atlantic. The readnal deploring the lack of active, trained, and of will is a potent element in determining ing of the barometer was then 50,004 inches, efficient literary workers; and to-day, of our longevity. 4. Great men work more easily

though on the day previous it was 30,520 inches. own knowledge, there is an active though than ordinary men.” With the promise of

Consulting the wind-gauge, it was found that,

for the twenty-four hours before this time of unmet demand for this class of laborers. long life, thus assured by undeniable statis.

low barometer, the travel was 226 miles, and, Lest it be understood, however, that the liter- tics, and with the assurance of constant and

for the twenty-four hours after, 143 miles—the ary world is crying out for manuscript regard. congenial employment, making labor itself a mcan of these two numbers being 184. In acless of its quality, we should add that the rest and life a holiday, surely the army of cordance with the formula above given, we disame editor to whom we have alluded has brain-workers need not be in any fear of de- vide 4.200 by 184, and obtain as a quotient 22. always a well-filled waste-basket, and on the pletion, either from death or desertion.

Starting at 9 P, M., December 26th, addiny 22 theory of chances we would venture to pre

days, we reach January 17th, and a referdict that nine out of ten of this order of

ence to the British quarterly weather-report brain-efforts find their way to this “ tomb of

In a recent report, Daniel Draper, Director proves the prediction to have been well found

of the New York Meteorological Observatory, ed, since on that day the barometer had fallen genius.” When, therefore, we speak of brain.

considers the question, “Do any American about two-tenths of an inch. In further conlabor we mean labor worthy of men's brain,

storms cross the Atlantic to Europe?" and, by firmation, the log of the Palmyra shows that the intellectual organ which, while ever hun- means of the carefully-prepared records of that vessel crossed the line of this storm Jangry, is always fastidions, and which, while it American and European observations, answers uary 15th, her third day out. In addition to pays well for nourishing food, rejects with it in the affirmative. In view of the rapid ad- the scientific interest attached to these results, equal vehemence all other.

vance which meteorological science has made their value to ship-masters can readily be deWith an apology for this seeming digres

within the last decade, and especially in con- monstrated. Let it be supposed that on Tburssion, we would direct attention to another

sideration of the high rank which this science day of any week there are discovered, at the efficient cause of longevity in brain-workers:

has taken in America, the conclusions of so Central Park Observatory in this city, signs

distinguished a student and observer are wor“ Brain - workers can adapt their labor to

of decided if not violent barometric changes. thy of marked attention. In a late address | This information is at once telegr:1phed to Eutheir moods, and bours, and periods of great

before the Royal Society, Sir G. B. Airy, the as- rope and put in the hands of the sever:) capest capacity for labor, better than muscle

tronomer-royal of England, stated that “Dan- tains of steamers about to sail-usually on workers." The significance and value of iel Draper, Esq., has traced the courses of Saturday. With this knowledge and the acthis independence will be recognized by both rectilinear waves of cold and of storm across companying data, and by the aid of the fororders. With the exception of the special | the United States, and has also shown that mula, they can then be aware as to when they editor of some one department, the brain- wind-storms are propagated from the shores may expect to encounter the storms whose de-, workers, as a class, are allowed a broader- of the United States to the shores of Britain, parture from our coasts had been announced range of service; and even in the special de

and that in eighty-six predictions of storms to them. Thus it appears that the observa

to occur on the British coasts only three were tions, which at first might seem to be of little partments there may be found a relief from

failures.” In acknowledgment of this distin- practical value, are in fact of the greatest imone order of work by a service in which

guished indorsement of his services, Mr. Dra- portance, since they enable those who go down either the theme or the style of its treatment

per enters upon a detailed report of his meth- to the sea in ships to anticipate and prepare may be changed or modified to suit the mood. ods of observation and the theory upon which for the tempest that otherwise might overIt is a trite saying that if you would ask a they were based. The general rule given for whelm them. favor of a man call just after he has dined predicting the arrival of a storm from America well. In a word, take bim when he is in a in Europe is as follows: “If a low barometer The American Journal of Microscopy and good mood. With the muscle-worker, be his

with an easterly wind be prevailing here, the Popular Science is the title of a monthly magamood what it may, the work is the same,

mean travel of this wind per day for twenty-four zine, the first number of which is before us, and it is this irksome contest between what

hours before and twenty-four hours after the bearing date December, 1875. As it is not imwe would do and what we

time of the low barometer is to be divided into probable, judging from the attractive nature must that

4.200 ; this will give the number of days that of this the first number, that our readers will brings with it worry and physical depression.

it would require for the storm to cross." In often have their attention directed to the paWe have sometimes thought that, were all order to fairly test the value of this formula, i pers on microscopic science that may first apwho read the works of others themselves the logs of vessels crossing from Europe to pear in this its special organ, we take great workers in the same service, they would then America should be examined, and, where sev- pleasure in directing attention to it. Professlearn to cherish a greater affection for or

eral of these storms occur at short intervals, or Phin, under whose editorial direction the repugnance to those mystical mental condi- it should be noted at what points on the ocean- Journal of Microscopy appears, is one whose tions we call moods, and yet it is this very

highway these eastward-bound storms were long experience and labors in this field warprivilege accorded to brain-workers of hu

encountered by the westward-bound vessels. rant the indorsement in advance of this new moring their minds which contributes much

Such an examination, it appears, has been made, undertaking. An examination of the first

the results being favorable to the prediction. number proves its claims, as set forth in the to their physical health. “ Forced labor,"

At this point in the report is introduced a following prospectus, to be well founded: “The we are wisely told, “ is always as expensive chart constructed in accordance with the logs object of the Journal of Microscopy is to diffuse as it is unsatisfactory," and we might add of the steamships Palmyra and Austrian. The a knowledge of the best methods of using the that all labor which is conducted in an ad. Palmyra left Queenstown January 12, 1870, / microscope, of all valuable improvemenis in

tin those who have long pursued certain special upward pressure on the tube acts on a spring The November Fraser resumes Counters

the instrument and its accessories, of all new in place by a wire loop, as shown. When the methods of microscopical investigation, and whole reaches the bottom, the tube, striking

Miscellanea, of the most recent results of microscopical re- first, penetrates the earth, the valves opening search. The Journal does not address itself upward and admitting a portion of it. The

VHE lines of above, which detaches the loop, and the disks,

von Bothmer's series of papers entiplied only by elaborate papers, which, from being then free, slide or fall off, thus leaving tled “German Home-Life," the subject now their thoroughness, are entitled to be called the tube lighter by four hundred pounds. As

being “ Women.” The countess bas much monographs rather than mere articles. It is soon as the “hauling in” begins, the valves intended rather to meet the wants of those fall by their own gravity, and the inclosed

to say of interest on this exhaustless theme, who use the microscope for purposes of gen- earth, representing the sea-bottom at a depth but we can find room only for her com. eral instruction, and even amusement, and of five miles, is raised safely to the sur- ments on the education of her sex in Ger. who desire, in addition to the information af- tace. forded by text-books, such a kuowledge of

many : what others are doing as can be derived only It is natural that every item of information Now, in Germany learning is the characfrom a periodical. With this object in view, regarding the new metal gallium should be teristic honor of the nation; and it is the therefore, the publishers propose to make the eagerly welcomed by the student; and, though proud boast, and the just one, too, of German Journal so simple, practical, and trustworthy, as yet it has not been isolated, the following women, that they alone, of all the modern that it will prove to the advantage of every incidents of its discovery will be of interest: feminities of the earth, are absolutely well eduone owning even a pocket-magnifier to take Between three and four o'clock in the after- cated. The same professors that lecture to it.” The subscription price is but fifty cents a noon of August 27, 1875, M. Lecoq, an ama- their brothers and cousins within tbe univeryear.

teur French chemist, was examining, by the sity halls and college class-rooms come down

aid of the spectroscope, a specimen of zinc- from those greater altitudes to teach the chilMany a reader who has followed the re- blende from Pietrafita, Spain. While engaged dren and young girls in their day-schools. ports from the exploring-ship Challenger has in this work, he noticed a hitherto unrecog- They are taught regularly, systematically, doubtless been content to read that, when off nized violet line in the spectrum. Further patiently, lovingly. A German girl must be the Virgin Islands, the hydra showed three observation determined its place as 417 on the dull indeed who is not well-read. Every thousand eight hundred and seventy-five fath- scale of wave-lengths. Another fainter line thing is taught, and everything is taught oms, or, when off the coast of New Guinea, of the same color appeared at 404. Thus was well. But, after all, a building is not made sank to four thousand four hundred and inty the new member added to the list of elements. of brick only, nor a ship of mere wood; and fathoms, without stopping to compute this The name it has received was suggested to there are a score of diverse influences and 80distance, or even inquire as to the form of the the patriotic chemist by the ancient name of cial conditions working on the outer and inmysterious messenger called the hydra, which his country, Gallia. Notwithstanding the zeal ner systems of female education in Germany had traversed it. The last distance, let it be shown by Americans in all branches of scien- quite beyond the reach of any professors 1106then said, marks the deepest sea-sounding tific research, and their success as geographi- ever eminent, or any pedagogues however ever made, extending in direct perpendicular cal and astronomical explorers, the honor of profound. line five miles. In order to send a weight or having discovered and added to the list a new Besides education, there is such a thing as lead down this distance, not only must it be chemical element has not been attained. A self-education. A woman may be very well of great weight, but it should be so construct- contemporary stands ready with a name where- up to the general mark, nay, high above it in ed as to act as a dredge, and thus enable a with to christen the new-comer-columbium- all matters of ordinary education; yet, if she portion of the sea-bottom to be drawn up and and, in order to make it doubly appropriate, strive not to teach herself somewhat of those examined. Another feature of these deep-sea suggests, with honest confidence in its possi- | things that make life lovely, she will learn be sounders is that the main weight may become bility, that the discovery be made before or fore long that all her knowledge is but as detached the moment the bottom is touched, during the coming centennial year.

sounding brass and tinkling cymbals, and eise the resistance in drawing up would, in al

that the wisdom of her professors has been most every instance, cause the sounding-wire As befits an American exhibition in the spent on her in vain. In the moral and social to part. In the accompanying illustration we nineteenth century-the century of invention education of a German girl, even in her physi. have figures of the hydra, or deep-sea sound- -the United States Centennial Commission cal education, precisely the contrary doctribe er, used on the Challenger, and of its sections. have made special efforts to secure a full rep- | prevails. She is taught that to be woman

resentation of American and foreign machinery she must be helpless, to be feminine she must and inventions. Already one thousand Ameri- be feeble, to endear herself she must be decan exhibitors have applied for space in Ma- pendent, to charm she must cling. She is not chinery Hall. To these may be added one brought up to be, she does not desire to be, hundred and fifty applications from England, the companion, the comrade, the equal, in and as many more from other European coun- "all that not hurts distinctive womanbood," tries, thus being far in advance of those en- of the men around her. She is thrown back tered at the Vienna machinery exhibition. upon herself and other women for society and Power in Machinery Hall will be chiefly sup- amusements; a life that revolves in a narrow, plied by a pair of monster Corliss engines. circumscribed round of inanities is considEach cylinder of these engines is to be forty ered good enough for her. To be hersell is to inches in diameter, with a stroke of ten feet. be nothing-less, worse, than nothing. To The fly-wheels will be thirty-one feet in di- be as like everybody else as she can; to copy ameter, weighing fifty-five tons, and they will her friend's clothes, phraseology, and matihave a combined horse-power of fourteen hun- ners; to worship the platitude of precedent, dred. This power will be applied along about to conform to the dead level that custom has one mile of shafting.

prescribed, to keep carefully to the sheep

walk, to applaud in concert and condemn in It is announced that the trial shaft for the chorus, is the only behavior that can be tolerChannel Tunnel will be commenced, so far as ated. If she does these things she fulfills all the French side is concerned, some time this the law and the prophets, and it shall be well week. The members of the commission and with her; but if she do them not, she will be the engineers and other practical men engaged viewed askance by her sisters, eyed with die are so satisfied with the results of the sound- like and suspicion ; it will be whispered the ings that they are convinced the expense is the she is a Blaustrumpf, or a Freigeist; it will only obstacle in the way of a submarine tun- be proclaimed that she is a Pietistinn,

nel between France and England. So far as emanzipirtes Frauenzimmer; she will be stig. This is made up of a central tube, as shown can at present he judged, the expense will not matized as überspannt, revolutionary, dangeron the right, a section at the bottom of which be so great as was anticipated, while there is ous, objectionable. can be unscrewed. The bottom of this section less likelihood of so much danger from leakage Allowances are made by these gentle la is fitted with butterfly valves, as shown in the as was at first supposed. The shaft is to be dies for the eccentricities of French, Enylish, figure. Over this tube, eight cast-iron disks, sunk near Calnis to a depth of about four hun- and American women, on account of the uneach weighing fifty pounds, are slid, and held dred feet.

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are inexorable toward one of their own circle be better than bis parody on Colonels Sibthorp, in his “ Recollections," spoken of this satire who would dare to assert any originality of Percival, and Verney:

fair hit.” These, and such as these, are character, or independence of action.

Woe
* Three colonels in three distant counties born,

typical examples of the guileless mirth and would certainly betide the folly of that virgin Lincoln, Armagh, and Sligo, did adorn;

fun that for the most part qualified the artist's who would venture to shake off the “ wound- The first in matchless impudence surpassed,

satire. On the other hand, when satire was ing cords that bind and strain," and make an The next in bigotry; in both the last.

not demanded, but social or national wrong existence for herself independent of the cack

The force of Nature could no further go

called for grave censure, Leech knew how to ling of the Kaffees and the weariness of infinite To beard the third, ehe shaved the other two."

administer it, not only without giving unneboredom based upon everlasting babble. Of these gentlemen, two were imberbis and the cessary offense, but in the way best calculated

They have one bugbear and one object of third intonsus. He was also decidedly happy to bring about reform and redress. When inidolatry, these monotonous ladies – a fetich

when, on being called to order by the Speaker cendiarism was rife in the sister isle, he treated which they worship under the name of Mode; for having characterized the interruptions with it rightly as a symptom, not of anarchy, but à monster between public opinion and Mrs. which he was assailed on all sides of the of despair. He drew the wretched cottier in Grundy. To say that a thing " is not Mode

House as “beastly bellowings,” he retracted his miserable hovel — the wife and mother, here" is to condemn it as if by all the laws of the obnoxious epithet, but added that he had hunger-slain, lying dead on the bare pallet, Media and Persia. It is not her centre, but never heard of any bellowings that were not and the famished babes crying to the bereaved the system of her social education, that ren- beastly. Perhaps," writes his friend Mr. father for bread-he sees them not, his gaze ders the German woman so hopelessly pro- | Phillips, “personality was his most besetting is fixed on the poor dead mother, but he sees vincial. Recent great events might have led sin. He had a nickname for every one who in his bewildered brain the fire-fiend waving us to expect greater results in this direction.

presumed to thwart him-curt, stinging, and his torch, and beckoning him to vengeance on The last advices from Berlin show that petty vulgar, suiting the rabble taste, and easily re- his oppressors. This picture alone, which appersonal spites, small envyings, backbitings, tained in the rabble memory.'

The person

peared in the year 1845, should have given tho and jealousies, are as rife in the imperial city ally aggressive instinct, which in the House

artist a reputation. as in the much-despised little Residenz-towns.

of Commons found its gratification in such a But it was not the political, much less was Nor can any change for the better be hoped ! jeu d'esprit as that just quoted à propos of the it the tragic aspect of society, to which Jolin until men and women are allowed, or will al- three colonels, assumed a far more vehement Leech was to devote his talents. He was es low themselves and each other, to mix on

aspect on popular platforms. “A man," writes sentially a humorist, and as essentially a geterms of greater personal equality and dig

Mr. Lecky, the stanch admirer of O'Connell, | nial, frank-hearted gentleman. He found his nity.

" who did not hesitate to describe the Duke proper vocation in depicting the social circles

of Wellington as “a stunted corporal,' and he frequented and the sports he lover, and, it An article in Temple Bar, entitled “ O'Con. who applied to other opponents such terms as must be added, in portraying the singular, nelliana,' gives a graphic picture of the great

'a mighty big liar,' or a lineal descendant of grotesque, and mirth-exciting phases of low

the impenitent thief,' or 'a contumelious cur,' class life, with all the strange prelicarnents Liberator:

or “a scorpion' (as he called the late Lord of which his observation and expe ience had The secret of O'Connell's power with his Derby), place him beyond the pale of courte- made him intimately acquainted. There is countrymen was his consummate knowledge sy." But there were force, point, and sting, hardly any class of London society, uniess it of their idiosyncrasies, and bis natural capa

in O'Connell's vituperative phrases. They be that which constitutes the upper ten thoucity for reflecting on a glorified scale their as- stood the test of all excellence-they stuck. sand, which he has not comically reproduced. pirations, their vanity, their follies, their con- His description of Peel's smile, that it was The medical student, the artist, the fast man ceits. He was an epitome of all that is most “like the silver plate on a coffin," has only and spendthrift, the well- to-do comfortable brilliant in the Irish character; and as such been of late forgotten; and his characteriza-“cit," the corporation magnate, the police, the his fascination and his influence for an Irish tion of the Times, “it lies like a false-num- cab-driver and his waterman, the carman, the crowd never failed. he knew when to flatter bered mile-stone, which cannot by any possi- coster, the poacher-all figure by turns in his and to wheedle, when to cajole and to coax, bility tell the truth,” is said to have amused pictures, and a hundred queer characters bewhen to terrify and alarm, when to rouse to no one more than the then editor of the Times sides, whom to enumerate were to weary the indignation, and when to quell to submission. -Barnes.

reader. He made his hearers feel that they had only to gaze upon his person and to hear his words

A PAPER in Leisure Hour, on Caricature In reference to the much-discussed ques. to witness aa apotheosis of all those qualities and characteristics which were the chief ground

and Caricaturists," has the subjoined in rel- tion of the restoration of the drama to an of their patriotic pride. “Nobody," said one erence to the ever - admired and lamented Elizabethan prosperity, the London Daily who knew him well, and who hated him as John Leech :

News has a good suggestion to offer : well as he knew him, “ can deny to him the praise oť inimitable dexterity, versatility, and His pencil wanted the venom that poisoned Why does not the theatre enter so much as even prudence, in the employment of the

the shafts of the old school of satirists, and, it once did into our social life, say in the Elizmeans which he makes conducive to bis ends. though it was sufficiently personal, it was abethan or Restoration times? One hears this He is thoroughly acquainted with the audi- never coarsely or aggressively so, and was question often put, and the trite answer is that ences which he addresses and the people upon sure to mingle some touches of harmless hu- no great dramatists now flourish. The stage, whom he practises, and he operates upon their mor and gentlemanly feeling with its castiga- it is said, must be improved before the theatre passions with the precision of a dexterous tions. His favorite method of treating official regains its pristine popularity. Improving anatomist, wbo knows the direction of every persons-statesmen, senators, and public char- the stage is, no doubt, much to be recommuscle and every fibre of the human frame.”' acters in general-was to represent them as

mended ; but we wonder whether improving And in miscellaneous society, in London as children, as naughty boys, or good boys, or the pit and the stalls, and, in fact, all the acwell as in Dublin, the Liberator could make boys with lessons to learn, and school-work commodation, might not work wonders almost himself highly agreeable. He was a visitor at to get through. Some of the very best of the equally great. Besides, it is by far the more Holland House, and it would not be too much political cartoons of the day were these juve-practicable reform of the two. Another line to assume that the recognition extended to nile personations of Leech's. Thus, when Sir of great dramatists is, unfortunately, not to him had something to do with his temporary Robert Peel resigned in 1846, he drew that in- be commanded by the most enterprising manabandonment of repeal. When Mr. Greville imitable design of Lord John in the character ager. The breath of dramatic genius blows met him at William Ponsonby's in 1829, the of “Buttons" applying for the vacant situa- where it lists, and there is no calling it forth year of emancipation, he said: “There is noth- tion, and the queen replying, “I fear, John, by earthly means. It is not in the market at ing remarkable in his manner, appearance, or you are not strong enough for the place." any price. But what is within the power of conversation, but he seems lively, well-bred, Another cartoon represents that boy Ben, and

money and skill

to surround the audience, and at his ease." In the House of Commons the pedagogue asking him what he is prepared not with the accessories of luxury, but with ()'Connell was a failure, as every man must be to do next “half” Ben replying, with a those of comfort, and to invite or permit them who has lived the best years of his life, and saucy air, that he had “made arrangements to to enter into a fit mood for enjoying good acthas grown incapable of readily adapting him- smash every thing." Again, in 1851, after ing. self to a new and a peculiar atmosphere. He Lord John's ineffectual skirmish with the Few of us, when we take our amusements, could never quite catch its tone, and therefore Roman Catholic party, the noble lord is hu- are so completely independent of bodily comhe could never for long hold its car. His quo- morously depicted as the naughty little boy fort as is perhaps imagined by managers. tations and his adaptations of poetry were

who had chalked “No popery" on the wall, There must be a happy combination of physisometimes exceedingly happy. Nothing could and then ran away. Earl Russell has himself, cal and mental pleasure before most men uro

satisfied. Witty dialogue is all very well; but what does one care even for the wittiest of Molière's characters if, while the “Ecolo des Femmes” is being played, one is being crushed or squeezed ? Spectacular effects will for a time stir a jaded soul; but all the powers of lime-lights will at length cease to move an unhappy spectator who longs for a little oxygen. The bustle and the noise which ensue when anybody moves, the bad atmosphere and the close smells, require a great deal of histrionic genius in order to be counteracted. Our managers, with a courage worthy of a better cause, set before themselves the arduous task of pleasing an audience more or less uncomfortable physically. They often, we krow, succeed; but how much greater or easier the success if they had begun by doing all they could to make the hearers comfortable! This, as we have said, is not purely a theatrical failing. In our exhibitions, and concerts also, we act on this questionable principle of first putting people ill at ease and then endeavoring to rectify the error. Go to a picture-exhibition, where one must crane over the heads of an admiring crowd in order to get the chance of being pleased or satisfied. At a concert or oratorio there will be inevitably some physical discomfort, seriously diminishing the capacity of all present to appreciate or delight in the music. Everywhere this physical side to amusement is ignored or insufficiently recognized; but perhaps in the theatre we miss most the application of this truth.

when you come upon the scene-perhaps you a tradesman, ran on the plank to meet bin, may, for instance, detect mamma's stockings and, when the fellow stopped and stared, just peeping from their hiding-place behind her gave him a little jerk, and whisked him, with chair, or perhaps you may see a novel lurking a waggish laugh, into the bed of slush, HA! in an out-of-the-way corner, or perhaps you ha! You should have seen the crowd of

peo may hear the scuttering of feet and smothered ple mocking the impudent leathen Chinee as but suggestive ejaculations. Nevertheless, you he picked himself up in his soiled tippet and are let to understand that you are made no satin gown!”—“Did any one in the crowd stand stranger of, that, in a word, you are one of the drinks all round?”_"Well, no; that heat). en blessed select few who are permitted to tind Chinee rather turned the laugh aside.”—“Aş; the fumily as they are.

how was that?”-“No white man can conceive the impudence of these Chinese. Moon-face

picked himself up, shook off a little of the The subjoined statistics, showing the com- mire, and, looking mildly at our worthy citparative proportion in different countries of

izen, curtseyed like a girl, saying to him, in

a voice that every one standing round could the priesthood to the people, are of interest:

hear: 'You Christian; me heathen; goodIn England and Wales there is one clergy- by.'” man or minister to each 718 of the population; in the United States there is one to each 879. The philosophy of breakfast seems to be Now it would seem that there should be no

a perplexing one. According to some theotalk of spiritual destitution when there is a shepherd for every 879 sheep and lambs; a

ries it is best to take a light nip just after minister of the old school, at least, would not waking, and sit down to a substantial meal have considered himself overburdened by the after a lapse of two or three hours. The charge of a congregation consisting of 200 fam

Sanitary Record (Englislı) sanctions our ilies. But, as regards this matter, the truth probably is that, while in both countries there

American custom of a substantial meal soon is a superabundance of religious guides for after rising : certain classes, there is a dearth of them among other sections of the community. Neither

Let a healthy man really “break” his England nor the United States, however, are

“fast” with a substantial meal, and not break

bis breakfast with irritating little nips or slops nearly so well supplied with priests and parsons as are certain other countries. In Rus

beforehand. After the stomach has at its leisia there is a priest to each 323 of the popula

sure emptied itself, during sleep, of its contion, which is only another way of saying that

tents, and sent them to repair the worn tis

sues and exhausted nerve-force, and the bloed the clerical army of the czar numbers 253,081

has been ventilated and purified by washing men. In France there is one priest, monk, pastor, or minister, to each 235 of the popula

and dressing with the window open, then is tion, or 153,629 in all; in Italy there is one to

the time when the most perfect of all nutri

tive articles, farinaceous food, can be coneach 143 of the people, or about 190,000 in all;

sumed in largest quantities with advantage. and in Spain-most blessed of all lands !-there is a priest for each 54 of the popula

Butter also, and fat and sugar, troublesome tion, or 315,777 in all. In Russia, France,

customers to weak digestions, are then easily Italy, and Spain, however, the men in reli

coped with, and contribute their invaluable gious orders of all grades are included in these

aid to performing the duties of the day. For numbers. The whole number of clergymen example, many persons can drink milk to a and ministers of every kind in England and

fair and useful amount at breakfast, with

whom it disagrees at other hours. And the Wales is 31,932; and in the United States it is 43,862.

widely-advertised “ breakfast bacon" by its name warns the consumer against indulgenca

later on in the day. (afé au lait and sweet, MR. HEPWORTH Dixon's new book

creamy tea are to many men poisonous in the America, entitled “The White Conquest" afternoon, though in the prime of the morning (not yet reprinted here), has the following they are a wholesome beverage to the same in

dividuals. anecdote of a “heathen Chinee:"

Let the vigor, good-humor, and refresh“ You can form no notion of the impudence ment, then felt by a healthy man, be utilized of these rascals," says a San Francisco mag. without delay in eating a hearty meal immenate, denouncing the Chinese. “Only the diately after he is dressed, and not frittered other day, in our rainy season, when the mud away in the frivolities of other occupations. was fifteen inches deep in Montgomery Street, Let not reading, writing, or business-museua yellow chap, in fur tippet and purple satin lar, political, or economical-exliaust the nergown, was crossing over the road by a plank, vous system. The newspaper and letters when one of our worthy citizens, seeing how should not be opened, preferably not delisnicely he was dressed, more like a lady than ered, till the appetite is thoroughly appeased.

on

The Liberal Review discourses of affectation and false pretenses in modern society:

Affectation is one of the most glaring evils of the day, permeating, as it does, society generally and middle-class society particularly from top to bottom. It is hydra-headed and many-sided, and thus it is found tainting people's actions, thoughts, speech, and manners, and fostering false morality, sham piety, and a host of noxious evils. Yet it is much-cherished by those whom it afflicts. Parents who have allowed it to curry them so far that they have become caricatures of humanity, do not besitate to teach their children that to be thoroughly natural and transparent on all occasions is simply to disgrace one's self, and wherever people are seen they are found pretending to be what they are not, and avowing a love for what they positively dislike. Nor do they only, at its instance, sacrifice their comfort and forfeit their self-respect, but they also destroy their own comfort. Many a family of moderate means, who might live decently and easily if they would only consent to do so, are in a state of chronio uneasiness and discomfort because they will persist in trying to appear before their neighbors as other than what they are. If you go to their homes unexpectedly they will hurriedly throw aside such occupations as they may have been engaged in when your arrival was announced. Mamina will put away the stockings which she bas been darning, and take in their place some pieces of fancy work, as if it were disgraceful to do what is useful, but highly meritorious to do what is of little service except in an ornamental point of view; the daughters will smuggle their novels out of sight, and make weak attempts to look as if they were caught in the act of doing something ; the sons will be ordered away, with instructions to make themselves neat; papa will helplessly go with the swim; and there will be a general dusting, and tidying, and putting of unsightly and plebeian objects out of sight. The traces of all that bas been done are painfully apparent

Notices.

SCIENTIFIC BOOKS. —Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on Architecture, Astronomy, Chemistry, Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York.

APPLETONS JOURNAL is published weekly, price 10 cents per number, or $4.00 per annum, in advance (postage prepaid by the publishers). The design of the publishers and editors is to furnish a periodical of a high class, one which shall embrace a wide scope of topics, and afford the reader, in addition to an abundance of entertaining popular literature, a thorough survey of the progress of thought, the advance of the arts, and the doings in all branches of intellectual effort. Travel, adventure, exploration, natural history, social themes, the arts, fiction, literary reviews, current topics, will each have large place in its plan. The Journal is also issued in MONTHLY Parts; subscription price, $4.50 per annum, with postage prepaid. D. Appletos & Co., Publishers, New York.

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1.

III.

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To the stars, and curves over the waves in a Into the sky, till the lake feels the red

hollowing, dening,

Arms o'er the mid - lake and foot on Ships in the night sail as well as by day

the shore. In the glare, and their decks are all wbitened

with ashes that Come from the shore forty long miles Shall we yet save them with all our mad huraway

rying?

Gallop! ye horses, the fire is behind; Yet seem to drop straight from the heavens Their camp far within in the heart of the above them,

pinerySo vast the great flame that ascends with a We told them—we told them- but naught

II.

IV.

Into the close woods that stand like a barrier,

Miles and long miles of fat pines that the fire Loves to get into for maddest of revelings, Rolling the strong flames up higher and

would they mind.

higher

roar

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