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aquin Miller, Artemus Ward, and Julian Haw love of carefully-anatomized drawing in the Meissonier now depicts; for in those days thorne-American writers who went to London last ten years, even if he ever had it, which Meissonier evidently cared very much for his to use their pens-to be not only not "first

we much doubt, for examples are extremely subjects, and, as he did not know so well class men,” but that “Tupper is equal to all

rare of painters with so positive an instinct how to make them good, he threw more of three of them" !!!

for tones of color and the aesthetic sphere of his own thought into them than he now

their subjects as Alma-Tadema is possessed does, when long habit has taught bim to the The Arts.

of, who care much for the unimaginative and breadth of a hair what sized pencil to use for realistic development of particulars. It is the exquisite veining of a hand, and the pre

said of Corot that he gives the sentiment of a cise shade of blue with which to mark the I IX pictures, by Gérôme, Alma - Tadema, landscape. As truly may we apply this shadows about the eyelids, or the sunk thin

Meissonier, Zamacoïs, Vibert, and Jules thought to Alma-Tadema that he gives the ness of the temples. Of old these minutiæ Breton, have been on exhibition at Goupil's. sentiment of an historical period or the were much less precise and more coarse than These pictures were painted some ten or genius of a race-the sentiment as he con now, but still they were positive enough to twelve years ago, and are very interesting ceives it, which may or may not be the true indicate whither the genius of the artist examples of the work of artists some of conception—and Mr. Ruskin thinks it is not tended. whom did not then by any means enjoy the-but it is at any rate a very definite and The other pictures are less significant world-wide reputation they have since justly positive one.

than the two we have described. Jules Breacquired. It is instructive to look at their When Alma - Tadema painted his two ton has always apparently had the same habwork and see in some the half-formed man. young Gauls he was somewhat in the position its of color, and his group of women in the ner that has since developed completely, and of a student, and his own individuality was gray twilight show the same innocent type in others to note the change of aim that has less developed than now, in consequence of French peasantry as in his pictures of to. crept into the purpose of the painter. In of which we see more clearly here than in day. In this painting of “The Day's Work neither of these early works is there the any picture we remember by him, that he over," a woman pure as a nun, and as strongly same freedom of handling or precision of studied hard when he painted the stalwart built as a horse, sits nursing a large, healthy color which now marks the works of the same legs and carefully-articulated knees of his infant, while another child, vigorous and artists; and the change in these respects is young barbarians. They are very minutely brawny, is stretched out on a hay-cock beside an encouraging indication for all younger delineated, and attract the eye more particu- its mother. Two or three more women are students that improvement constantly goes larly than any other point in the picture. grouped about, simply painted and well on where painters earnestly work with the But now, from all his late paintings, we made, and in the distance their frame cothands and think out difficulties with the know he does not care for this department tage appears through the gloaming in the imagination.

of a picture, which Gérôme, on the other damp evening haze. This painting is quite The painting by Alma-Tadema is called hand, has most potently in his thought; his a large one, but we do not recollect to have “ Teaching Young Gauls the Manly Arts," mind has run toward statuesque composition seen a picture by Breton that contained so and represents two handsome boys (young clothed with strange and harmonious tones / many figures in it, and these figures too princes eight or ten years old) in a stately of color. Disraeli, in “ Contarini Fleming," are grouped to make a pleasant composi. apartment, surrounded by officers of the describes the growth of a poet's mind, but | tion, each of them being as thoroughly drawn court, including priests in long, yellow robes, no biography of an artist so representative and as expressive as if it formed the cenand their mother, a royal woman, who sits and individual as Alma-Tadema can so well tre of interest in the picture. Zamacois somewhat apart attended by her maids. From show the progress of his thoughts and his seems to us to have changed less than either the composed, self-reliant faces of the young skill as pictures made by him at different of the artists named, and, though his pictboys, and their level brows and solid features, stages.

ures have less color than in some of his we should have taken them for the Asiatics Meissonier's little painting has great value works of a later day, the lady mixing drink or Egyptians Alma-Tadema has since so often from somewhat the same cause as the one by for an old brown monk, in her handsonne represented, were it not for their fair skins Alma-Tadema. In Meissonier's case, how- dress and with her two gorgeous male comand yellow hair. One boy has just flung his ever, the motive ever appears to have been panions, might have been found in one of his little weapon, resembling a small battle-axe, to depict, with the most minute realism, each paintings of last year. at a target at the end of the room, where it quality in any object from a man to bis shoesticks in the wall close to the bull's-eye. string, and to render with absolute fidelity FREDERICK A. BRIDGMAN's Salon picture, This child is now standing still as a statue, every particular line and shade of color that entitled “The Nubian Fortune-Teller-Intewhile his brother takes his turn at the sport. went to its composition. An analytic, not a rior of a Harem," is now on exhibition in While Alma-Tadema did not paint so well when synthetic, painter, it is not the general senti- Brooklyn. The scene represents a Moorish this picture was made as he now does, there ment of a scene or a condition of life that interior or apartment, with a lofty, bracketed may be seen in it the same love of composed | saturates his intelligence, but the brilliant ceiling, and side-walls richly colored and orand statuesque forms and groupings that now sparkle of a multiplicity of facts. This pict-namented with arabesque-work. The sides marks his pictures; but experience has taught ure was painted several years ago, and since of the room are furnished with luxuriant dihim that Greek or Egyptian types are more it was executed the same change and techni- vans, and the centre of the tessellated parein consonance with the lofty composure he cal progress may be observed in it as in that ment is sunken, where a small fountain plays. loves than those which are less beautiful in of the “Young Gauls” by Alma-Tadema. On the right, a tawny Arab reclines upon a line and more nervous in action. It is very Then as now, Meissonier evidently considered divan, and his favorite wife is seated on a interesting to trace technically in this picture it a duty to use no more canvas than was rug at his feet, and has her arm thrown lorthe indications of an instinct for color which absolutely necessary for the expression of ingly around a little child. At the right has more recently unfolded in the strange, his ideas, and so we see here a small cabinet hand of this group a dark-skinned Nubian subtile lights and shades which dominate bis picture with a man in it, as minute and as woman is seated on the pavement, and is appaintings, and now show masses of rich hues detailed as in the painter's works of last parently telling the fortunes of those around put upon the canvas so evenly and with year. But in the nicety with which these her in pantomime as well as in words. such unerring precision. In the picture of details are rendered, time and practice have Behind this weird figure of the Nubian the young Gauls we perceive that Alma-Ta- made a great improvement. In the picture woman there are scattered figures, some of dema loved color when he made the massed at Goupil's there is the evidence of a fresh which are standing and others reclining upon forms of yellow drapery hanging from the ness of feeling, which has since died out of the divans and upon the pavement. The shoulders of the priests; but it was color he work that has become somewhat hackneyed, background is in the form of a deep alcore. had not learned to manage well, and the though now more thorough than ever. This It has a large, latticed window, in shadow, edges of it are uncertain and dirty, while the fresh interest is shown in the vivacity of the which scarcely affects the soft light in the shadows do not repeat the hue which shows expression of the man's face-an expression recess. The strongest light in the apartment in the light. This artist has lost somewhat his more positive and perhaps exaggerated than | is concentrated on the foreground group, and

the effect is very striking, not only in con ten to be sung mezza voce, to use the hybrid shown in the great duet in the last act of nection with the figures, but also with the tone known as falsetto. This fault would en “ The Huguenots." Here the genius of the delicate tracery shown upon the walls. Just danger a biss in an Italian or London theatre, singer comes out unmistakably. behind the Arab the wall is of a deep-blue where the musical public is educated to the In listening to Herr Wachtel as an intertone, and its color is emphasized by a warm point of dilettanteism, and the main measure preter of music, one irresistibly recurs to brown tint introduced on the right, where of merit is extreme finish and purity of vocal that class of art-associations growing out of there are a number of niches holding vases style. It is difficult to tell whether this lack the thought of Gluck, Weber, Beethoven, and and other bousehold ornaments. Upon the of ability in modulation be attributable to a Wagner, as composers of music. There is cornices of the doors and windows, and rest- defect in the organ, or want of skill in the nothing feminine, soft, and luxuriant, in the ing on brackets, are numerous objects of the use of the voice. Be that as it may, the ef- moral atmosphere of such art, but every thing potter's art; and other evidences of a some- fect is often unpleasant, and a just subject that is sturdy and invigorating. It breathes what rude and uncultivated art-taste are also for criticism. Again, Wachtel takes strange of the mountain and pine forest, not of the apparent in the apartment. There is a great liberties at times with his score, not only add plain and orange-grove. Surely, to belong to variety of colors and textures shown in the ing embellishments ad libitum (a caprice this fellowship in music is loftier and better costumes, and the arrangement is harmoni- shared by most great singers), but perverting than to be merely rounded, and moulded, and ous. The drawing is excellent. The inter- | the music itself. He seems to consider him- polished, in accordance with the fastidious est of the picture is concentrated in the self an autocrat for whose convenience the requirements of musical dilettanteism, which foreground group. This concentration of in- purpose of the composer must be bent and sometimes threatens to eat like a dry-rot into terest around the Nubian woman is one of moulded without mercy. A similar vanity is all that is truest and most inspiring in music. the most artistic features in the composi- not unseldom witnessed, but in the case of For our part, the pleasure to be derived tion; it is not disturbed by the brilliancy of Herr Wachtel it is carried to an extraordinary from this kind of excellence seems far more the wall-colors, the enervated figures of the degree. These are all very grave faults, and worthy of preference than that growing out women in the background, or the gorgeous critics do well to stamp them as such. of mere finish of method and liquid sweetaccessories of costume and rich architectural Despite these defects, Wachtel is a mar ness of voice. detail. At first sight, such is the repose of velous singer. The secret of his power is Wachtel the actor has the merits of Wachthe scene, one fails to comprehend its ex that his voice and style are full of virile, tel the singer. There are fire, freedom, and traordinary beauty. This feeling, however, is solid strength, and the magnetism of that breadth, in his dramatic manner; he fills the soon dispelled, and the picture at once as strength is wellnigh irresistible. One uncon stage by his mingled dignity and passion. serts its force and power as a lasting expres- sciously associates with the tenor voice some The union of power in singing and acting is sion of the beautiful, and as such we have thing inconsistent with masculine vigor. But, rare. It gives Wachtel a stamp as an artist no doubt it will be accepted by lovers of art. while possessing a voice of great compass which even his great defects can hardly tar

and mellowness, Wachtel is unmistakably nish, and establishes bim as one of the most MAURICE F. H. De Haas is at present en manly and strong in the quality and style of remarkable musical artists of the age. gaged upon a large canvas representing the his singing. It is not merely in the tempestclearing away of a storm at West Hampton, uous rush of his high notes when he sings

The last British Quarterly Review has a very on the ocean-shore of Long Island. There forte passages, but ingrained in the quality sweeping criticism of Mr. Holman Hunt's is a brig stranded in the breakers; and a pile of his vocal timbre, even when he sings fal “Shadow of Death.” It denounces the figure of merchandise on the beach, covered with setto or head-notes. It is this characteristic of Christ as simply imbecile, expressing neicanvas, indicates that the crew, aided by that stamps his individuality as an artist, and ther energy of body nor of mind: “The wreckers, have been engaged in taking out deservedly fastens the admiration of the pub- lower limbs are muscular, and yet the pose her cargo. There is a large number of fig- lic. The ability to sing the upper C with the

and movement are so feeble and devoid of will ures forming scattered groups on the beach, | full natural voice is, of course, a gift which

as to suggest paralysis. The slender arms are

not in action, but are spreading heedlessly in and the brig's deck is yet held by the crew. always excites enthusiasm among a people so space, without intention or control. The face The sky is covered with drifting storm. fond of sensations as Americans. Some have is equally devoid of energy, intelligence, and clouds, and the effect of the wind can almost unwisely concluded that this is Wachtels human sympathy. Never were mental weakbe heard, so realistic is the treatment, as it principal claim on public interest, and that ness and the absolute deficiency of moral powsways the vessel's spars and whistles through without it he would take but little rank. This er more ably shown. Fallen humanity could the rigging. The force of the wind is also gift of compass, not often needed in the op

have little hope from such a delicate and dainty shown on the water, and, as the huge rollers era, though uncommon, is by no means a great personage. The forty days and forty nights break, it catches the white-caps, and sends phenomenon. Campanini, who was here two

of wandering in the wilderness, and the effecthe foam swirling in showers over the strand. years ago, sang a splendid chest C. Mongini, tive power of will and limb experienced by the

money-changers, are entirely inconsistent with ed vessel and landward. In the drawing of who died in Italy last year, used to walk

this feeble presence. This, then, is not the the wave-forms and the doomed brig there is down the whole depth of the Covent Garden Christ. The eyes of all would never have much to admire; but to the student the most stage in London, pealing it forth with a sus been fastened on an aspect such as this. Here subtile point of interest in the picture is the tained trumpet-force. Rubini, a great tenor is no possibility of any Saviour of the world. painting of the long, conchoidal form of the of the last generation, not only emulated the No one would put his trust in such a paragon beach-line, and the atmospheric effect pecul feat, but sang four notes higher so artistically of imbecility. The whole figure is the very iar to it after a rain-storm, and when the sun that the most delicate ear could not teil opposite of the historic Christ. The Saviour light is struggling through the clouds. These where the head-production of voice was sub-could have been no pretty weakling; but, as a features of the work are handled with great stituted for that from the chest.

man destined to sorrow, he would be firm of breadth and freedom.

But Wachtel's compass is not his greatest gentleness, united in his aspect. His eyes

countenance, with majesty, and power, and claim upon our admiration, for the ut de poi- would not be soft and weak, and full of selfHERR WACHTEL has scarcely awakened trine rather captivates the mass than the cul- complacency, but bright, beaming with active less interest in his present visit to New York tivated listener. His style has so much dig- sympathy for human nature, and capable of than he did on his first appearance in this nity, breadth, and force throughout, that, if insight into power as well as into weakness. country, but his qualities as a singer are prob- necessary, we could dispense with an ad cap- His mouth and lips, ' taught by the wisdom of ably now measured with more discrimina- tandum power. The ordinary ear may be ex. his heart,' would be finely moulded for the tion and accuracy. Wachtel has indisputa- ceptionally pleased with a rendering of the i utterance of “gracious words' or of most bitbly many faults. He is a heretic as to the “De' Quella Pira” in “Trovatore,” which he

ter scorn. His frame and constitution must canons of the Italian school of vocalization, | sings an octave above the written score; but muscular, for he was known as an efficient

have been exceptionally strong, and his arms admitted to be the most perfect extant. the cultured lover of high art will take even workman, not a make-believe.” Severe as Often, in spite of his magnificent voice, his more delight in the magnificent dash and hu- this criticism is, it seems to us scarcely betones are uncertain, and sometimes rough. mor of “The Whip-Song” in “The Postil- yond the facts. The picture seemed to us to He does not hesitate in the high notes, writ- / lion," or the splendid passion and despair | illustrate nothing more than its utter failure to

present an ideal of Christ such as the world less melodious than the last-as witness "Les tance to comparatively unimportant roles, and could accept. The Review goes on to condemn Georgiennes" and others of that ilk. But contribute largely to the general success. The the prominence of the accessories as wholly “Madame l'Archiduc,” last year, and “ La costumes are fresh and handsome, those of false to right principles of art, and which, in- Boulangère à des Ecus," of this (the first actual Mademoiselle Aimée in particular being exstead of being “realism," as has been said, "hit," by-the-way, of the present theatrical tremely elegant and costly. And, à propos of destroy genuine reality in the painting: “It season in Paris), show no falling off either in Aimée, the following bon-mot has been attribmust be evident that the pictorial promi- gayety, entrain, fertility of invention, or fresh uted to Mademoiselle Schneider, who, as may nence and the importance given to the tools ness of melody. “La Boulangère" is, more- be remembered, was to have created the part destroy reality. No one in presence of hu over, for Offenbach, an excursion into a new of La Boulangere, but gave it up because the manity and life would, were his mind at ease, domain. It is not an opéra-bouffe, but partakes rôle assigned to Paola Marié was not sufficienthave casual instruments of handicraft im more of the characteristics of a comic opera, ly insignificant. She announced her intention pressed so strongly on his mind that their one that recalls the good old times at the Opé- of being present at the first representation. strict portraiture should be essential to the ra Comique when that institution was in its “What!” said the person to whom she memory and recognition of the scene. All palmy days, and did not disdain operas with spoke, “ do you mean to forgive M. Bertrand these details do not produce artistio realism; a spice of fun in their librettos and of frolic in who has treated you so badly ?'” they are only curiosities, pictorial toys, which their melodies.

Mon cher," made answer La Grande-Durank in art with little models of mechanical The plot soars boldly into the region of the chesse, “I cannot go against Scripture-il lui contrivances that charm small children. They historic drama. For background we have a con- sera beaucoup pardonné parce qu'il a Aimée!are an object-lesson, or a diagram, with no spiracy under the Regency-a conspiracy of Of course, one specimen of French wit reideal or imaginative art. But art, when truly which Madame la Duchesse du Maine is the prime calls another, and here is the reply made by realistic, is not abjectly mechanical. The im- | instigator, and in which her hair-dresser Berna- Francisque Sarcey, the celebrated dramatir agination is employed to regulate the scene, to dille has somehow got mixed up the conspiracy critic of the Temps, to an impertinent young give each object its due relative inportance, of "M. de Cellamare ;” and to hear Dupuis, fellow who indulged in some joking remarks and to bring some character and sentiment | who personates Bernadille, pronounce these respecting the large size of the great critie's into the picture. But this shadow-picture has | words, which he does on all occasions, is ears : no character or sentiment at all. Some petty worth about three times the price of admis “My ears," made answer M. Barcey, “ may babyish contrivances make it understood that sion. Of course, the conspiracy fails, and the be of unusual size for a man, but you most there is something meant by all the show. police get after poor Bernadille, who takes confess, sir, that yours are extremely small for Without these aids, the idea that these two refuge with his lady-love, a little tavern-host an ass!" inconsistent figures are the Christ and Mary ess named Toinon. He is on the point of be There seems to be a mania among Parisian is the last that would occur to the spectator's ing discovered there, when Margot, the rich celebrities for tumbling down and bumping mind."

bakeress, who has made a large fortune by their fertile brains just now. First we heard A COMMITTEE of selection for the art-exhi

speculating under the auspices of M. Law, of Gounod's fall down-stairs, then a wellbition at the Centennial will, we learn, visit

comes by in her sedan-chair, preceded by a known Parisian organist tried the same experithe different cities in order to prevent the

magnificent Swiss, gorgeous beyond measure ment, and now M. Octave Feuillet has come

in satin and gold-lace and plumes. She dis near putting an end to himself in a similar needless transportation to Philadelphia of works of art not up to the standard of admis- menial, and carries him off in triumph to her guises Bernadille in the attire of this splendid manner. He was staying at the country-seat

of a friend not far from Paris, when, the cords sion. A United States vessel, by direction of the Secretary of the Navy, will call at South

bakery, where he assumes the long, loose of his window-curtains becoming entangled

shirt and floury functions of a baker. Margot one day, he undertook to disengage them, ampton, Havre, Bremen, and Leghoru, next falls in love with her protégé, but he, being piled two or three pieces of furniture together, spring, in order to collect and transport to the

summoned to choose between her love and that and climbed on the top of the whole to effect exhibition the works of American artists resident in Europe. The exhibition will include, in

of Toinon, decides in favor of the latter, and his purpose. Unfortunately, he made a misaddition to the works of contemporary artists,

the enraged Boulangère at once denounces him step, and dowe came the whole superstruet

to the police, relenting, womanlike, and im ure and the brilliant author as well, striking representative productions of the past century ploring vainly for his release as soon as he is his head in his descent against a corner of of American art—those, for instance, of Stuart, fairly in their clutches. The last act is taken the marble mantel-piece. He was thoroughly Copley, Trumbull, West, Allston, Sully, Nea

up with his prison-adventures and efforts to stunned and considerably bruised, but esgle, Elliot, Kensett, Cole.

escape. Margot bribes his guards, and Toinon caped without serious injury. Hence an occaGENERAL DI CESNOLA, American consul at at last brings his pardon en règle, whereupon sion for another bon-mot. His host said, on Cyprus, has made, we learn from the Acad he announces his intention of espousing Toi- hearing of his accident: “As you never have emy, an interesting discovery at Episkopi, the non, and Margot gives her hand to her faithful any chutes in public, my dear friend, you were ancient Curium, where, in opening an old

Swiss. On this fabric, ingeniously woven by probably desirous of trying one in private, to grave near the port of Limassol, he has found MM. Meilhac and Halévy, Offenbach has em- see what it was like.” Now, chute, in Parisian various articles of highly - wrought metal.

broidered some of the freshest and brightest parlance, means a theatrical failure as well as a Among these there is a golden sceptre, a

flowers of his melodious fancy. He under- fall, so that the gentleman made the accident golden necklace of great beauty, and a couple

stands his own capabilities and the sources of the occasion of a neat little compliment to the of gold bracelets inscribed in characters which his popularity too well to abandon wholly his invariably successful dramatist. appear to be ancient Cyprian. It is under own peculiar style, the strongly-accentuated Rossi's Hamlet drew crowded houses at the stood that General di Cesuola intends to send | rhythms and marked melodies which charac- Salle Ventadour all last week. He plays King the whole of his valuable " find” to America.

terize his music. But he has abandoned in Lear to-night, for the first time. It is said to

this work the field of exaggeration and bur be his greatest character. I am told that AmThe mutilated “St. Anthonyof Murillo | lesque for the fairer and more graceful path broise Thomas was strolling through the lobby having been successfully restored to its old of a not unrefined gayety. The partition fairly of the Grand Opera House one evening when position in the church at Seville, great re sparkles with mirthful melodies that will be on he heard two gentlemen, who were strangers joicings ensued. The portion containing every lip and every piano and inside of every to him, discussing the merits of “Hamlet." the figure of the saint which had been cut out barrel-organ in Paris before the world is a Naturally supposing that they were talking of by the audacious thieves, but was fortunate-month older. After one hearing it would be his opera, he paused a moment, only to hear ly recovered, has been most skillfully re impossible to give a detailed account of the one of them remark, vehemently: * Add to placed, so that the damage, it is said, shows important pieces; suffice it, therefore, to men think that there exists a man conceited enough very little.

tion a charming duet between Toinon and and foolish enough to imagine that he could Margot (Paola Marié and Aimée), the finale to set the world's dramatic chef-d'æucre to a se

the first act, and an exceedingly comic song, ries of tunes!" Whereupon M. Thomas defrom Abroad.

sung by Léonce and Berthelier as the two parted more swiftly than he had come.

police-agents-the song of “ The Millers and Rossi was present at the fourth representaOUR PARIS LETTER.

the Cabmen"_which has achieved an imme- tion of “ La Boulangère." He laughed hearti

diate and immense popularity. Dupuis is ly at all the jokes, applauded all the good

October 26, 1875. simply delightful as Bernadille, the conspiring points in the acting, rumpled up his hair the H0 was it that said Offenbach had writ coiffeur. Paola Marié is an exquisite little wrong way, got into a great state of hilarious

Toinon, and Mademoiselle Aimée a sparkling enthusiasm, and, in fine, enjoyed the rerin the sad days when he brought out one opéra- and captivating Boulangère, while Léonce and formance with the naive, hearty erjoyment of houffe after another, each one more stupid and | Pradeau, Berthelier and Baron, lend impor- a boy. He is a splendid-looking man off the

W on whimself out zid Certes, it seemed 50

stage, just in the prime of life, a very son of affairs of his department, he finds that it con his argument still in mind, our readers may Anak for height and breadth of chest, with tains an extinct volcano. 'Just like these find it of interest to learn of some of the signs blue eyes, chestnut hair just dashed with gray, provincials,” he exclaims," they had a volca- by which the presence of cranial weakness, a complexion fair and fresh-colored as that of no, and they let it go out!” The other two or rather unsoundness, may be determined. a girl, and small, well-formed hands and feet. pieces were failures, and immediate and deci- These we find given in an extended review of

The second series of the “ Actes et Pa- sive ones at that. Yet the “Baron de Val- | Dr. Wynter's recent work, entitled the “Borroles” of Victor Hugo, entitled “Pendant joli” was, it is said, received at the Comédie derlands of Insanity," from which we condense l'Exil—1851-1870," is to be published on the Française, and was only yielded to the Gym as follows: It not unfrequently happens that 28th of this month, as well as a second edition nase with deep regret. It was well cast and unsoundness of brain is known or recognized of the first series (" Avant l'Exil"), with va well played, and was, moreover, soundly only by the possessor, who often finds himself rious additions and corrections. Michel Lévy hissed. The plot, which turns on the efforts at war with certain promptings which seem is the publisher thereof, as well as of the "Di- of a father and son to ruin a little strolling leading him to act against his own positive anas and Venuses” of M. Arsène Houssaye, player, and which ends by the marriage of the convictions of right and duty. As illustrative which work turns out to be, not a naughty son to the young girl in question, was consid- of this phase of insanity, the following letter novel, as its title might indicate, but a dis ered disgusting, as indeed it was. The Gym- from a patient to his adviser is given : “I am sertation on those two feminine types, Diana nase seems to have gotten into a run of ill- not conscious of the decay or suspension of and Venus, in the art of the old masters. J. luck lately, scarcely inferior to that which any of the powers of the mind. I am as well Baudry has issued “Remains of National Art pursued all the efforts of the Vaudeville last as ever I was to attend to my business. My ir Belgium and Holland," by J. Collinet, il season. It has lost from its company Blanche family suppose me in health, yet the horrors lustrated with forty plates. Victor Bouton, Pierson, Alice Lody, the great beauty Made- of a mad-house are staring me in the face. I of No. 11 Rue de l'Escalier, Brussels, and No. moiselle Angelo, and the elegant comedian am a martyr to a species of persecution from 16 Rae St. Martin, Paris, has just put forth Andrieu; and, of all the plays that were pro within which is becoming intolerable. I am the prospectus of a work which will have duced there last season, there was not one that urged to say tlie most shocking blasphemies. great attractions for the amateurs of the ho- achieved more than a half success. And now Thank God that I have been able to resist, but raldic art and the lovers of fine illustrated it leads off its season of 1875–76 with a total I often think I must yield at last and be forworks as well. It is a reproduction in fac failure. “La Filleule du Roi,” the music of ever disgraced and ruined.” In this instance, simile of the “Wapenboeck” of Getre, her- which is by M. Vogel, turns out to be very we have an exaggerated case brought forward ald-at-arms, preserved in the Royal Library | poor. The Renaissance must rest on its lau- to illustrate what may not be an unusual expeat Brussels. This precious manuscript dates rels till the production of Lecocq's new oper- rience; should it be recognized by any reader, from the fourteenth century, and “contains etta of " The Little Bride.” A grand dramat- let him take comfort in the fact that the chief the names and armorial bearings of the Chris- ic enterprise, having for its aim the encourage- | danger lies in the present condition, and that, tian princes, both spiritual and secular, fol- ment of the highest form of dramatic writing so far as insanity prevails, it is that of the lowed by their feudatories, according to the in France, has been started by M. Laforêt, the present to be controlled rather than any more constitution of Europe, and especially that of theatrical critic of La Liberté. The new or serious development to be feared. The famous the German Empire, in conformity with the ganization will take possession of the Salle Bishop Butler is said to have been engaged in Edict of 1856, called the Golden Bull, preced- Ventadour, and will play on alternate nights such a conflict all his life. ed by heraldic poetry.” The description with Rossi, who only performs three nights a A less serious though equally discomfortwhich the enthusiastic publisher gives of this week. Among the new plays promised are ing phase of this weakness is that which inremarkable reproduction is entirely too long “Madame de Maintenon," by François Cop- duces us to act or speak in inappropriate or to quote entire. Suffice it to say that there pée; “Les Mères Ennemies," by Catulle uncalled - for ways, as when Charles Lamb are to be two hundred plates carefully colored Mendés; and possibly a new one-act piece in burst out laughing at a funeral. Allied to this by hand, and that the whole work will be is verse entitled “Le Glaive," by no less a per are the two failings now classified as diseases sued in a series of fifty numbers at forty sonage than Victor Hugo himself. Nearly under the names “kleptomania" and "dipsofrancs (eight dollars) each. Only forty-eight thirty-three years have elapsed since the mania,” evidence of which is shown by an uncopies are to be offered to the trade, and the great poet last gave a new drama to the controllable desire for the property of others, whole issue is not to exceed sixty-one copies. French stage, "Les Burgraves,” produced at and for the gratification of a passion for drink. There is a chance for some of the wealthy the Comédie Française early in 1843, being With the acts of kleptomaniacs we are all and aspiring book-collectors on our shores. the work in question. It is whispered that familiar, and it is said that victims of dipsoAmong other works to be issued in numbers, Victor Hugo is arranging his " Cromwell” mania have been known to drink shoe-blackthe “ Tour de France," a national publication, for the stage, with a view of having Rossi ing, turpentine, and hair-wash. Sometimes, is announced; it is to comprise descriptions enact the principal part. In its present form we are told, these two forms of mania are seen and illustrations of the sites, views, monu “ Cromwell” fills a good-sized volume, and coexistent in the same person under very odd ments, peasantry, etc., of France. It will 'never was presented on any stage, notwith- circumstances, as of one man who, when drunk, comprise two volumes a year, divided into standing the assertion of the Athenæum, in its always stole Bibles, another spades, and a weekly parts. The first part will contain “La number of October 23d, that “«Cromwell' | third who invariably purloined a tub. Of a Cité de Limes,” by Alexandre Dumas. A. was the play which over forty years ago in- more general and prevalent character are such Lacroix & Co. are to commence in November augurated the romantic drama."

signs of mental disorder as the following: an the publication in numbers of an illustrated M. Henri Houssaye, the son of M. Arsène undue exaltation of the senses, as of the patient edition of Michelet's “History of France.” | Houssaye, is to espouse to-morrow a young who could hear the least sound in a distant E. Dentu has just issued "Le Colonel Cham- Californian belle, Miss Ritter, at the church part of the house, or tell the hour by his watch berlain," a new novel by Hector Malot, and of St.-Philippe du Roule. The young lady is at a distance at which he could not ordinarily also " Le Roman de Beatrix,” by an unknown said to be a very beautiful blonde. Readers see the hands. Still more common are such author, Robert Halt. The Librairie de l'Eau- of the Tribune may perhaps recall the roman symptoms as loss of memory, deterioration in Forte has lately published two series of ten tic story, as set forth by M. Arsène Houssaye handwriting, the use of wrong words in conetchings each, by Henry Guerard, illustrating, in the pages of that journal about a year ago, versation-which Mr. Grant White calls“ heteone "Les Châtiments" of Victor Hugo, and of his son's betrothal to a lovely Italian prin- rophemy”-and the failure to remember certhe other that author's "Napoléon le Petit.” cess-a love-affair quite à la mode américaine tain numbers, or particular letters, or the ter

The theatrical season has fairly opened, ---love at first sight and all the rest of it. Is mination of words of which the initial letter and we are deluged with novelties at the rate the bridegroom of to-morrow the late fiancé of is well known. If the writer be justified in of three or four first representations per the Italian princess, or only his brother? classing these peculiarities as among the sympweek. Besides “La Boulangère," which I Who can tell us ?

LUOY H. HOOPER. toms of mental unsoundness, the reader will have just noticed, we have had, during the

not find it hard to admit his own weakness, past week, “ Le Panache,” by M. Gondinet,

and the plea for “universal insanity” will at the Calaisa Royana " Le Baroonde Jalielin Science, Invention, Discovery. commarad a more willinge aceptances

Advancing still further, we are given many at the Renaissance. The first-named is very

interesting and very curious examples of speIn the course of our recente review of Dole

cial peculiarities. Thus, in a case of yellow of the absurdities of a would-be politician, Lawson's paper on the relative weights of fever, the patient, a master of three languages, who fancies that he has been made a prefect. sound and unsound brains, it will be remem spoke with a different tongue at different stages One of the bon-inots of this character (de- | bered that the author took the ground that of the attack. As one instance, from many in lightfully personated by Geffroy) has already often a slight taint of insanity might prove a which the sufferer from brain-lesion after a become proverbial. When studying up the gain rather than loss. Having the points of long period of forgetfulness took up the recol

lection of an action at the point where he left terest. The account, which is commendably member of the New Zealand Council, who is off, the following story is told : During the clear and concise, is given in a contemporary, provided with every necessary for their welbattle of the Nile, a captain was struck on the and reads as follows:

fare during their voyage. They are expected head while he was in the act of giving the " He (the ocean-telegraph operator) taps

to arrive about the middle of January-midorder which was interrupted by the blow. Af- the key, as in a land-telegraph, only it is a summer at the antipodes. ter fifteen months of unconsciousness, he was double key. It has two levers and knobs insuccessfully trapanned, when, rising up in bed, stead of one. The alphabet used is like the CERTAIN interesting experiments on the in a loud voice he finished the order begun so

Morse alphabet-that is, the different letters
are represented by a combination of dashes

growth of seeds have been conducted by M. long before. Many instances of this character and dots. For instance, you want to write the

Uloth. These were undertaken with a view might be cited, but we pass them by, and refer word 'boy.' It would read like this: '-... to determine whether seeds could be made to to but one more class of kindred phenomena.

---' B is one dash and three germinate in ice, and the process may be deTo this class belong cases where an apparent i dot, and three dashes. Now, in the land-teldots ; o, three dashes; and y, one dash, one

scribed as follows: Seeds of various species injury to the brain has resulted in an improved egraph, the dashes and dots would appear on

were placed in grooves made in ice-cakes, and mental condition. One of three brothers, all a strip of paper at the other end of the line, over the grooved surface other plates of ice idiots, after receiving a severe injury in the which is unwound from a cylinder and per were laid, and the whole removed to a cool head, gained his senses and became a clever

forated by a pin at the end of the bar or arma cellar in January, and there remained till the barrister, and a stable-boy had his wits great

ture. If the operator could read by, sound, following May. An examination then made

we would dispense with the strip of paper, ly improved by a kick from a horse. Even a

and read the message by the click of the disclosed the fact that many of the seeds had pope, Clement VI., had his memory improved armature as it is pulled down and let go by the actually germinated, the roots penetrating into by a concussion on the brain; while one man, electro-magnet.

the ice. It is but natural that facts of this who lost half his brain through suppuration

“The cable-operator, however, has neither startling character should give rise to controof the skull, preserved his intellectual facul

of these advantages. There is no paper to ties till the day of his death. It would be perforate, no click of the armature, no arma

versy, and so we are not surprised to learn ture to click. The message is read by that opposite views are entertained as to whence hard to point a safe moral from these facts, means of a moving flash of light upon a pol- i the heat needed for the process of growth was and yet, if there is any comfort to be found in ished scale produced by the deflection of a obtained. In the opinion of the experimenter, the consciousness that we do not suffer alone, very small mirror, which is placed within a

mirror galvanometer,' which is a small brass

it was obtained, or rather liberated, in the then any reader whose symptoms we have portrayed is welcome to it, and may take cour-shaped like a spool or bobbin, composed of cylinder two or three inches in diameter,

growth of the roots while forcing themselves

into the ice. age.

several hundred turns of small wire wound

with silk to keep the metal from coming in DURING a late official investigation into the In our article of last week on " Birds with contact. It is wound or coiled exactly like a Teeth,” reference was made to the Merganser new rope, a small hole being left in the mid

cause of one of the many recent English railserrator. As it is possible that our readers dle about the size of a common wooden pen

way accidents it was stated that, owing to the cil. In the centre of this is suspended a very presence of continuous brakes, the engineer may deem the subject of sufficient interest to

thin, delicate mirror about as large as a kernel | had at his command the means of stoppings justify a brief return to it, we would state re of corn, with a correspondingly

small magnet train going at the rate of fifty miles an hour garding this bird that it belonged to the Mer- rigidly attached to the back of it.

The whole within four hundred yards. The official charganser or saw-bill-duck family. The species to weighs but a little more than a grain, and is which we alluded is known as the red-breast suspended by a single fibre of silk, much acter of this testimony induced a special trial Merganser or sheldrake. In lieu of an extended ble. A narrow horizontal scale is placed with regular train was made up, fitted with contin

smaller than a human hair, and almost invisi- to be made, with the following results: A description we present an illustration of male in a darkened box two or three feet in front

uous brakes, and run at the rate above menand female. These birds are distributed over of the mirror, a narrow slit being cut in the

centre of the scale to allow a ray of light to tioned. At a given signal, the brakes were
shine upon the mirror from a lamp placed be- | put on, the engine reversed, and when the
hind the scale, the little mirror in turn reflect train had stopped the distance was measured.
ing the light back upon the scale. This spot | This was found to be eight hundred yards, or
of light upon the scale is the index by which
all messages are read. The angle through nearly half a mile; and, as the trial was a
which the ray moves is double that traversed

fair one, the result may be taken as final, and
by the mirror itself; and it is therefore really will serve to set at rest the oft-repeated asser-
equivalent to an index four or six feet in tion that a train going at full speed may be
length without weight.
* To the casual observer there is nothing

stopped within its own length.
but a thin ray of light, darting to the right
and left with irregular rapidity; but to the

A KENTISH gardener has taken up the novel trained eye of the operator every flash is re- ! role of natural photographer, and by the aid plete with intelligence. Thus the word 'boy,' of negatives in the form of leaves has been already alluded to, would be read in this way:

enabled to add to the beauty of his orchardOne flash to the right and three to the left is b; three flashes to the right is o; one to the

fruit. In order to give a pleasing variety of right, one to the left, and two more to the

color to the surface of certain choice peaches, right, is y, and so on. Long and constant he allowed them to be protected in places by practice makes the operators wonderfully ex- leaves. Beneath these shaded portions the pert in their profession, and enables them to read from the mirror as readily and accurately bloom of the unshaded parts was greatly

surface remained green, and thus the purple as from a newspaper." Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator).

heightened. In certain instances the form of 1. Male; 2. Female.

The American farmer's boy who has made the leaf appeared sharply photographed on

it a part of his holiday service to hunt for the fruit, which effect added greatly to their the whole of North America and Europe. The humble-bee's nests, and, at the risk of a swol- beauty, and secured for the grower more fa serrations, as described in the former article, len eye, possess himself of the sweets there vorable prices, since beauty of appearance are not teeth proper, but serve a kindred pur- contained, may be induced to resist his robber ranks with delicacy of flavor among a certain pose in aiding the bird in securing the fish upon propensities when he learns what service these class of purchasers. which it feeds. The male bird, which is two bees render to his father's clover-fields. We feet and a half in length, has a bill over two learn from Nature that two nests of English We learn from Nature that it is proposed inches long. The head and upper neck are humble-bees were recently sent to New Zea to hold an electrical exhibition in Paris in dark-green, and the throat reddishi-brown with land by Mr. Frank Buckland, for the Canter- | 1877. It will be held in the Palais de l'Indusdark streaks. The special feature, however, bury Acclimatization Society. These insects trie, the object being to illustrate all the apis the serrated bill, the structure of which are specially desired in New Zealand for the plications of electricity to the arts, to induswas fully illustrated in the paper to which we purpose of fertilizing the common clover; the try, and to domestic purposes. This project, have alluded.

proboscis of the common bee is not sufficient, which was initiated by Count Hallez d'Arros,

ly long to reach down to the pollen of the has been received with general favor both by The increase in the number and extent of clover-flower, while the humble-bee is enabled the scientific and industrial worlds, and the submarine electric cables, and specially the to do so. In this way the insect is expected necessary funds have been already guaranteed. recent completion of a new one connecting to do great service to the agriculturist by An organizing committee is being formed, America with England, will cause the follow- largely extending the growth of the clover. and the provisional offices of the exhibition ing description of the manner in which mes The bees were packed in their own nests in have been established at 86 Rue de la Vicsages are sent and received to be read with in two boxes, and will be under the charge of a toire.

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