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into the bargain. But within our brown. things pleasant.” Unsocial people in every EDITOR'S TABLE.

stone fronts every article is painted and var- particular, we have no Christmas gatherings

nished to look like what it is not. That nor summer junketings. Our meanness is TEREST VERESINA has been among us taking which looks like massive oak carving is only so intense that if a gentleman takes ladies Teresina is the latest version

enormous mirrors reflect one fore for a day's outing he will probably ask them of Madam Trollope, and in all particulars shortened in a most singular way;" all is to defray expenses some time later, without equals her great exemplar in mendacity. false, veneered, and fantastic shams. Our the slightest idea that he has committed a Has the reader forgotten the circumstances ladies who go to Europe do so for the sake breach of etiquette and hospitality. ly comthat brought Teresina into light—the famous of seeing the fashions and to bring home mon with many others, we had always supmarriage-suit and all the scandals that came something other people bave not. We cease- posed that Americans had a foolish tendency to the surface? Perhaps the name of Theresa lessly exult over the lavish expenditure of to treat, and an absurd disposition “to do Yelverton (now Viscountess Avonmore) has money. “You will find my wife a smart the handsome thing” in regard to paying passed out of his mind; and we must confess woman,” said a husband, glorifying himself for affairs of the kind; but of course we were it nearly had out of ours. We could not re- and his better-hall; “quite an elegant lady. wrong. Teresina has seen, and instructs call all the facts pertaining to this once much- These sixteen boxes are her equipage. She us better. discussed case if we cared to do so. All that spent in Europe thirty thousand dollars in All festive entertainment is absent, it at present concerns us is that this notorious dress!"

seems, from our social gatherings; there woman bas been in America, has visited the All our wealthy people, it appears, con- may be singing, music, and card-playing, but North, the East, the South, the Far West-gregate in cities, and very rarely does an

no refreshments. The guests may expend traveling, so she declares, twenty thousand American possess a country-seat. Barnum, as much time and energy as they like in miles through the most important districts the great showman, however, is an exception, amusing themselves and their “hostess," of the country-and has written a book about he having built himself a country - house, but she will expend no money nor provi. us, which she entitles “ Teresina in Aineri. where he retires to enjoy bis otium cum dig. sions on them. Ice-water is the sole bever. ca.” There is not much importance in this nitate. Other Americans do not build coun- age that is supplied, and this is served in a fact; books about America are only too try-houses, and never enjoy their ease under pitcher, with invariably two glasses only for abundant; nor have Lady Avonmore's com- their own fig tree. Americans think a great the use of the wbole company! There is ments and criticisms the slightest value. But deal more about themselves than about their often dancing, but this partakes so much of they are often very amusing, and for this children, and their motto is, “Sufficient unto the Bal Mabile style tbat few English ladies reason solely we invite the reader to turn the day is the good thereof." They build would join, and no French girls be allowed with us over a few of the pages of the vol- railroads so poorly that they barely suffice to to do so. There is a great deal of mock

carry the train along, and it is not an un. modesty among our women, who “would Teresina begins with a doleful description frequent thing for passengers to be com- appear overwhelmingly shocked (if they did of New York and the woful prostration of | pelled to turn out in a body to repair the not faint) at the word 'leg' used in their all New.Yorkers before that Western Jugger. line before they can proceed.

presence. You must say 'limb' of a fowl, naut called Mammon. “ What is the frenzy,Our manners are always peculiar, and and the word 'breast' must be avoided, if asks this veracious chronicler, “of the most generally very bad, Teresina goes on to say. possible; yet the same women have freely enthusiastic fanatics to the fever which can We have no means of putting down bad displayed their own legs, when skating in wbirl thousands upon thousands of men and breeding. If a woman wears a good dress at crinolives and short petticoats." Really, women day after day through years of anx- an hotel-table, she is the equal of everybody Teresina ought to be more original—this ious toil” (“anxious toil" being unknown present; she may eat with her knife, and is stale, and very old. Teresina is enterelsewhere), “which can make work seem stretch it afterward into the butter at arm's taining only so long as she invents—when pleasure" (wherefore not?); “degradation | length without attracting any sort of notice. she borrows she is dull. honor; and ruin, both of mind and body, Refinement and good-breeding are with us A marriage in America, we learn, is a success?—which can thus fix, on a whole the exception, and not the rule. We are very considerably drier piece of business than a city of a million inhabitants, a stamp so in-neglectful of obvious social duties. We do funeral elsewhere. “ The ceremony usually delible and a character so distinct that the not carry letters of introduction when we go takes place early in the morning-at six or cry,‘worshipers of money!' rises instinctive | abroad, and pay no attention to them when seven o'clock—and bride and bridesmaids go ly to the lips of every intelligent stranger ?” presented to us. “ In America you may have shivering to the altar, in the cold semi-twi

Teresina finds every thing about us a fifty letters of introduction, and not one of light, in what they call their traveling magnificent sham. Our buildings of splendid | them bring you a particle of civility, or suits,' and armed with large umbrella, overseeming are only veneered to the depth of a sometimes even a returning call.” Teresina shoes, water-proofs, and all the disagreeable few inches, and, if an earthquake should forgot to inquire whether certain scandals appurtenances for setting out on a long strike us, would come tumbling down like a and singular facts connected with her histo- journey. Their breakfast is a scramble of tower of cards; and the silks and velvets ry did not have something to do with the hot dough, beefsteaks, or some other ‘hunt. that we see dragged with such indifference unwillingness to respond to her letters of in- ing' breakfast fare of the time of Queen through the streets are worn by those who troduction.

Elizabeth. After the ceremony there is no will be penniless in a few years.

It seems, according to this excellent ob- feast, no drinking of the bride's health and Superficiality is declared to be the worst

server, that we never visit at a friend's groom's happiness, no blushing bridesmaids, system of American life, morally and socially. house for a week or month or so. It is rare no fun or festivity whatever.” It has been We in New York are so passionately devoted to find guests staying at any house; “if you customary for the marriage ceremony to take to “brown-stone fronts” that we would make

do, be sure they are paying for their board. place in the house, but it is just becoming any sacrifice to live in one, and no lady is Even when the guest is a member of the fashionable to have it performed in a church considered to have made a good matrimonial family, and makes no actual payment, a good with veils, bridesmaids, etc. alliance unless a brown-stone front is thrown deal of barter has to be practised to make Gambling, according to Teresina, is one

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of the great vices of Americans. Husbands one of their number, to the inspector of to explain bis reasons for leaving the regiand wives live very much apart in America, cavalry. Before his reply came, Lord Darn- ment, avow themselves only too glad to show and the reason for this is certainly a very ley suddenly resigned his own command of their loyalty by following him, express their peculiar one. It seems that every married the regiment. le retired with a special | shocked amazement at the audacious obstinawoman in this unhallowed land wants to keep grudge against Captain Nicholson, the officer cy of the tenant who dared to remain in sera boarding-house. So the wife, we are grave. who had reported to the inspector. In Cap- vice after Lord Darnley had left it, and hasten ly told, “goes to her mother, and speculates tain Nicholson's troop were serving several to disavow any sympathy with that rebellious on her own account in a boarding-house, if of Lord Darnley's tenants. All of these but person. Truly, this picture betrays a state she can succeed in inducing any gentleman one, instigated by their landlord, left the of things in the English rural districts which to lend her the money, for the loan of which troop in a body. The one exception, a Mr. glib writers will find it difficult to gloss over he takes out his board." This wonderful Lake, was stubborn enough to refuse to es. or apologize for; and herein we discern some and inscrutable custom has of course cov. pouse a quarrel of Lord Darnley's, merely reason for that discontent at the condition ered the land with boarding - houses, and because that nobleman rented him a farm ; of the land-laws which is fast growing to willfully corrupted the morals of the people. whereupon he was notified that at next quar- formidable proportions.

Newspapers and newspaper editors do ter-day his lease would not be renewed. In not escape our vivacious critic.

“ Sensa

short, Mr. Lake, simply because he would His holiness the pope has recently giren tional articles, calculated to provoke shoot- not leave the royal service at the nod of utterance in favor of “hard money." In an ing or whipping, are written as a mere specu- Lord Darnley, was deprived of his farm. interview accorded to some devout French lation to sell the paper. The writer knows No better instance of the feudal notions pilgrims, he uttered a few sage reflections that if he can produce an affray hot enough, of some great English proprietors could be upon the material prosperity of France; and he will sell so many more editions of his pa- given than this. Lord Darnley evidently took occasion to remark approvingly upon per.

He takes the risk of being shot or looks upon bis tenants as still his vassals; the fact that “sounding money circulates in flogged himself, and sits in his office with a and he carries his baronial instincts to the that country,” and to contrast this state of loaded revolver near his inkstand. The in- extent of rendering himself amenable to a things favorably with that of other coundignant sufferer from the article walks in-- certain awkward law, which forbids “the tries, where “sounding money disappears, inquires if he is the writer of the obnoxious seducing of any person serving under her give place to another currency, which gives article. The editor places his pen in his majesty's colors from his duty and obedi. no sound save that produced by a great mass ear, lays bis hand on his revolver, and admits ence.” Should he be brought to book for of paper thrown violently on to a hard table he is.”

his exercise of feudal authority in a court of or on to the pavement.” Whether this was We have only glanced over a few chap- justice, he will undoubtedly look upon him. spoken ex cathedra and is therefore to be tak. ters in Teresina's remarkable production, but self as a martyr to the “leveling tendencies en as infallible, we cannot tell, as the Ecu. the rich bits we have gathered may prompt us of the times." Nor, if we can believe the ut- menical Fathers have not yet definitely deto return to it at another time. Let us mean- terances of English journals, can this in- cided what ex cathedra really means; but it while remind Teresina, inasmuch as she has stance of lordly despotism be regarded as would appear that hard money in France, and given so frankly her opinion of Americans, exceptional

her consequent prosperity, have some curi. that there are people here who have certain The Spectator confesses that “thousands ous connection with pilgrimages to miracu. recollections of Lady Avonmore. Would she of great landlords agree with Lord Darn- lous shrines, the bountiful outpouring of Pe. like their opinion of an English adventuress? | ley.” A man who hires a farm of one of ter's pence, and the busy establishing of re

This book has just been published in these magnates, according to their creed, not ligious schools. The argument seems to be England, and is not reprinted here. An early only is expected to keep it in good order, that the road to specie payments

that borcopy of the work has enabled us to lay these to pay a certain rent, and to render it up in dered by shrines and dotted with the monu. refreshing and entertaining extracts before the same condition as he sound it, but to ments of pious deeds. Pilgrimages are proour readers.

vote for the landlord's candidates, to resent cessions not alone toward the heavenly gates,

the landlord's quarrels, to attend the land- but toward worldly wealth. Then it is not The name of “Lord Darnley” calls up to lord's church, and generally to conform to alone the Christian faith, but that special the mind a certain weak and irresolute young the landlord's wishes in his political, reli- branch of it of which Pio Nono is the infal. man of royal blood, who lived several centu- gious, and social conduct. As a provincial lible interpreter, which carries material pros. ries ago, and who, it can now scarcely be paper says: “The earl really does not go perity as its attributes and gifts. Unfortudoubted, was perfidiously done to death by far enough to do justice to his own preten-nately, however, for the acceptance of the his fair and faithless wife, Mary Queen of sions. He ought to issue a code of regula- pope as a financial authority, it happens that the Scots. Of a very different character, evi- tions, telling his tenants whom they might those nations which are financially the sounddently, is the nobleman of the same title who visit, what they might eat and drink, what est are incorrigibly Protestant or Greek; graces the present generation with his exist- recreations they might pursue, and what ani. while those which are most deeply sunk in

There is, at least, nothing weak-mind- mosities and friendships they might culti- “the great mass of paper" currency are ed or vacillating in the present Earl of vate." Yet, after the pitiable spectacle pre- either Catholic or Mohammedan. We leave Darnley. He has just emerged from patri. sented in the present case by Lord Darnley's our own case out of sight, as, though finance cian obscurity into a rather uncomfortable tenants, he cannot perhaps be very severely is just now with us a sorely perplexing problight of notoriety. It would appear that the blamed. They so eagerly and gratefully ac- lem, we cannot suppose ourselves in a pernoble lord was not long ago the colonel of cept their serfdom that they certainly de. manent condition of “soft-money "currency. the West Kent Yeomanry, a body of mounted serve nothing better than to be buffeted about But England, Russia, and Germany, are the militia. In consequence of a quarrel with by a lord who believes in his divine right to three soundest and most solvent nations in some of his subordinate officers, he peremp. keep their consciences and dictate their rules Europe; next after them come Holland and torily requested them to resign. Instead of of conduct. They address a letter to him, Denmark. On the other hand, Spain, Italy, doing so, they referred the matter, through in which they humbly thank him for deigning and Austria, are in the paper-money state, and

ence.

likely to remain so; Turkey is downright | grew out of a number of successive improve | private individuals, is quite appalling in exbankrupt; while the credit of the South ments on the ancient stringed instruments.

tent, and for the most part “caviare to the American Catholic countries is at a provok. The old lute, and spinnet, and harpsichord, general.” The purpose of the present work

was to extract from this mass of literature ingly low ebb. Religion undoubtedly has a were played upon with the fingers ; the piang

just such facts as seemed likely to prove very important though an indirect influence is also stringed, and the main difference be

useful in enabling the public to reach some upon human business affairs. It promotes tween it and the harp in mechanical principle conclusion upon the many currency questions commercial as well as social morality where is the substitution of the “jacks," or ham. which press for solution, or at least to units influence makes itself vigorously felt; mers, which strike upon the strings instead

derstand their principles; and Professor and even the practical economist will not re- of twanging them. Who thought of this

Jevons may have the satisfaction of feeling fuse to admit that commercial morality is the idea of the jack and the keys by which the

that, if he has not closed the debate on the

Bank Charter Act, or on “intrinsic” and soundest basis of commercial prosperity. | hand communicates with it?le, perhaps,

"representative" value, he has made it The pope is shrewd enough to avail himself has the best right to the credit of the inven

easier than ever before for the wayfaring of an appeal to self-interest to induce schis. tion ; but, whether it was the Bohemian

man to comprehend the real function of matics to return to the true fold and the Schroeter, or the French Marius, or the Vene- money, and the conditions with which it faithful to cleave to their faith; but the tian Cristofori, it seems impossible now to

must comply. And, after all, money is like French pilgrims, were they not the soberest determine. A disputed invention a century

monogamy: its explanation is to be sought

not in metaphysics but in history. Gold and and most unreasoning of devotees, must old is hard to settle ; even the discovery of

silver have come to be universally accepted have laughed gently to themselves when told ether as an anæsthetic agent, made within

as the best circulating medium, not by a that the reason why gold napoleons are thirty years, is involved in a maze of con- process of reasoning or an evolution of con. plenty in France may be found in the penny tradictory evidence. But, even if Cristo- sciousness, but by the long experience of the contributions to the Holy Father, and the fori were the inventor of the piano - forte,

race, extending over thousands of years, and journeys made by the devout to the shrines Florence can scarcely claim the reflect

embracing a trial of skins, corn, oxen, leath

er, wampum, cowries, copper, bronze, iron, of Paray and Lourdes. ed honor; for he was of scholastic Pa

and lead, that they most nearly meet the esdua. It is interesting to think that the piano sential requisites of money. The book-reviewer of the London Specta- | is but little over a century old, and that, Professor Jevons begins with an amusing tor, in noticing Mr. Southworth's “ Four while Mozart only lived to see it coming into story of a French singer who gave a concert Thousand Miles of African Travel,” is per- vogue, Beethoven was almost the first great

in the Society Islands with the understand. plexed at the oddly-compounded name of Mr. composer who made use of it for purposes

ing that she was to receive a third part of

the receipts. When counted, her share was Gouverneur Morris, Jr., of New York, ap. of composition. What an incalculable bene

found to consist of three pigs, twenty-three parently thinking that Gouverneur has some fit the piano has been to the later maestri !

turkeys, forty-four chickens, five thousand sort of gubernatorial significance. Mr. Julian

cocoa-nuts, besides considerable quantities Hawthorne writes to the Spectator to set the

of bananas, lemons, and oranges, which would

Literary. reviewer right : explaining that Gouverneur is

have been a very fair return if it could have a frequently-recurring family name in New

been converted into cash. Unfortunately, York. But Mr. Hawthorne might have gone

COST readers, probably, unless warned pieces of money were scarce in the Society

beforehand, will take up Professor Islands, and as mademoiselle could not cona little farther, and reminded the Spectator re

Jevons's “Money and the Mechanism of Ex- sume any considerable portion of the receipts viewer that the name of a man so well known change "* with the expectation of finding herself, it became necessary in the mean time in American history as Gouverneur Morris another treatise on currency—perhaps the to feed the pigs and poultry with the fruit. -who figured in our Continental Congress, most bewildering subject in the entire range Homely as this anecdote is, there could hardwho was our agent in England during the

of the “dismal science." To such the book ly be a better illustration at once of the con.

will bring an agreeable disappointment; for ditions of barter (the primary form of exRevolution, who was afterward our embassa

it touches scarcely at all upon abstract or change), and of the usefulness of a standard dor to France, and later a United States Sen

theoretical questions, and is simply, as the currency; and from this initial point we are ator, who was actively concerned in many author defines it, “a descriptive essay on led step by step through the early history of political movements-ought to be known to the past and present monetary systems of money, the substitution of the metals for an educated Englishman. It is true that edu. the world, the materials employed to make other materials, the various systems of mecated and other Englishmen are prone to

money, the regulations under which coins tallic money, the “battle of the standards," äisdain all knowledge of what they call our

are struck and issued, the natural laws which and the growing development of representa

govern their circulation, the several modes tive money, such as under - weight coins, local celebrities; but limitations in these

in which they may be replaced by the use promissory-notes, bank-notes, checks, bills matters quite as often arise from the stub

of paper documents, and finally the method of exchange, and the various other “credit borpness and ignorance of the outside world in which the use of money is immensely

documents" by which, in modern commerce, as from any necessary boundary to the indi. economized by the check and clearing sys- the use of actual money is dispensed with. vidual's fame.

tem now being extended and perfected." Much attention is given to technical matters

The subject of money as a whole is a very relating to coinage, such as alloys, the size Who invented the piano · forte ? The

extensive one, and the literature of it would and wear of coins, the methods of counting

alone form a great library. Many changes them, and the best plan to prevent counterFlorentines, having caught the centennial in

are taking place in the currencies of the feiting. In treating of the materials of coins fection, propose to commemorate, next year, world, and important inquiries have been the professor cites the tradition that Lycurthe one-hundredth anniversary of the death lately instituted concerning the best mode gus obliged the Lacedæmonians to use iron of a certain Cristofori, for whom they de. of constituting the circulating medium. The money, in order that its weight might be a mand the honor of having given to the world

information on the subject stored up in gov- check upon overmuch trading, and remarks

ernment Blue-books, in the reports of inter- that, if this rule were adopted at the present the most elaborate and perfect of musical in.

national committees, and in the writings of day, a penny (English money) would weigh struments. But Cristofori's claim is not of

about a pound, and a ton of iron would repthe clearest, and is very earnestly disputed. * Money and the Mechanism of Exchange. By

resent a five-pound note. On the other hand, W. Stanley Jevons, M. A., F. R. S. International The fact probably is, that to no single inScientific Series. Vol. xviii. New York: D. Ap

gold and silver are very awkward for small ventor do we owe the piano. It gradually pleton & Co.

currency. A silver penny weighs seven and

Mo

ADAGIO.

a half grains, and a gold one would weigh and the tone of most of the poems is alter- the fretsulness of which we spoke at the he. only half a grain. The octagonal quarter- | nately one of remonstrance and defiance. ginning of our notice, and in others the topic dollar tokens, circulated in California, weigh Like the singer of the “Earthly Paradise," is too subtile to find truly lyrical expression. less than four grains each, and are so thin olie was “born out of his due time;" but he The skill in versification is, perhaps, their that they can almost be blown away. The is not, as Morris is, content to dwell apart in most noticeable feature ; though “ The Two suitability of gold and silver for the higher a world created and peopled by his own art, Homes,"

," " The Sleeper,” and “Ron Wild," values has, however, been recognized every. but frets under the restraints and limitations are both pleasing ard musical. All of these where; and the only open question in coin- of unsympathetic and uncongenial surround- are too long to quote; so we select, instead, age is as to the best material for fractional inge. The “ burden of the day” is heavy the following stanza from “Summer Night" currency.

Bronze is better than copper, and upon him because he will not shape himself -a good example of the author's easy comthe alloy of one part of nickel with three of after the patterns that are wrought“ in our mand of rhythm and rhyme: copper that has been adopted for the one- common mills of thought;" and his only concent pieces of the United States, the smaller solation comes from the hope that, if he wins

“Something came with the falling dusk, coins of Belgium, and the ten and five pfen- in his attempt to throw off the burden, those

Came, and quickened to soft unrest: nig pieces of the new German coinage, would who imposed the restrictions will awaken and Something floats in the linden's musk, be excellent but for the variableness of the thank him because he defied. Now, in a case And throbs in the brook on the meadow's

breast. price of nickel. If steel could be prevented of this kind, there is always a question wheth

Shy Spirit of Love, awake, awake! from isting, it would be one of the best pos- er it is the time or the poet that is out of

All things feel thee, sible materials; but Professor Jevons thinks joint; and it is certainly odd to encounter

And all reveal thee: it likely that some new and entirely satis. such a complaint coming from Mr. Taylor. The night was given for thy sweet sake.

Toil slinks aside, and leaves to thee the land; factory material for fractional money will We had always supposed that his poetry took

The heart beats warmer for the idle hand: shortly be found—perhaps an alloy of man- much of its interest, as it certainly takes much

The timid tongue unlearns its wrong, ganese. of its popularity, from its falling in with the

And speech is turned to song; Naturally, the largest space is devoted to time--from its drawing its inspiration, its

The shaded eyes are braver; the English monetary system and to English subjects, and its sentiments, from the pre

And every life, like flowers whose scent is dumb

Till dew and darkness come, experience, but the facts marshaled are of vailing tastes and feelings of his audience.

Gives forth a tender saror. universal application. A good deal of atten- How else account for the considerable meas. Oh, each so lost in all, who may resist tion, moreover, is given to the problem of ure of success which he has achieved ? And

The plea of lips unkissed, international coinage-the adoption of which, surely Mr. Taylor has no reason to be dissat

Or, hearing such a strain,

Though kiseed a thousand times, kiss not again!" the author thinks, would be the most im- isfied with the reception accorded his work portant step in the path of progress that the botừ by the critics and the public. It seems

Mr. Taylor's muse seems to need the spur race could take, except the adoption of an to us, in truth, that the time has been pecul.

of a great occasion, and the “Odes" uninternational language. Professor Jevons iarly propitious to Mr. Taylor's muse. In a

doubtedly present the finest poetry in the thinks that the decimal system will, in the period of lofty dramatic or intensely lyrical

volume. “The Gettysburg Ode," in particular, end, prevail, if only from the hold which it poetry—a period favorable to spontaneous,

is a very noble poem, and will take a place but has taken on the world; but he candidly ad- natural singing-he could hardly have hoped

little below Lowell's “ Commemoration Ode," mits its defects, and shows that the duodeci. to gain a bearing; whereas, now, few Ameri.

in the patriotic song of the nation. The fine mal system is in various ways more simple can poets are more certain of a wide and ad. “Ode to Goethe," read at the memorial din. and convenient. As to the steps necessary miring audience.

ner, was reproduced at the time in the col10 secure an international money, he thinks The present collection contains most of

umns of the Journal, and the echo of its the most important that could be taken the miscellaneous poetry which Mr. Taylor

exalted straius can hardly have faded as yet now would be the assimilation of the Ameri- has written since 1864. The first group is

from the minds of our readers. can dollar to the French five-franc piece-a entitled “ Home Pastorals," and contains five charge which would involve a reduction of pieces : a proem, an epilogue, and three longer

It was a happy thought on the part of less than two grains in the amount of gold poems entitled, respectively, “May - Time,"

Miss Johnson to adopt the Catskill Mouswhich the dollar contains. “There is little 'August,” and “November." These are for

tains as the locale of her fairy stories; * for doubt,” he says, “ that the adhesion of the the most part descriptive, as pastoral poetry

the necromancy of Washington Irving has American Government to the proposals of the should be, and are written in flowing, leisure. already rendered them enchanted ground, Congress of 1863 would give the holding turn ly hexameters, a difficult measure, wbich Mr.

and nothing is too marvelous for belief copto the metric system of weights, measures, Taylor manages extremely well.

The tone

cerning the region wbich Rip Van Winkle and moneys. It is quite likely that it might is pitched very low, and there is little at

has consecrated to mythology. Her fairies, render the dollar the future universal unit. tempt at pictorial embellishment; occasion- it is true, are not of the familiar goblin brood, The fact that the dollar is already the mone- ally, however, we come upon a felicitous bit and their ancestry could easily be traced tary unit of many parts of the world, gives it like the following, descriptive of November's

back to Robin Goodfellow and his merry elís; large odds. In becoming assimilated to the advent :

but we can readily believe that prerious French écu, American gold would be capable

writers have overlooked part of the popula“Silent are now the flute of spring and the clarion of circulation in Europe, or wherever the

tion of our wonder-land, and Nip, and Puff,

of summer, French napoleon has hitherto been accepted.” As they had never been blown: the wail of a dull

and Rapp, and Laurel Queen, and the rest, In studying a language we begin with the

Miserere

will find a cheerful welcome to the Catskill

Valhalla. grammar before we attempt to write or read;

Heavily sweeps the woods, and, stifled, dies in

the valleys." and there is much to be learned about money

The plan of Miss Johnson's book is like before entering upon those abstruse questions

The second group,
entitled Ballads,"

that of the Arabian Nights - a cluster of which barely admit of decided answers. Pro- comprises six pieces, all of which are good stories within a story, the wildest flights of fessor Jevous's work furnishes an elementary interesting in subject and spirited in style.

the imagination being linked to the homely grammar of the subject ; and if it could have “John Reed” is a peculiarly impressive pict incidents of every-day life and facts familiar a circulation proportionate to its merits, that ure of a life unblessed by love, and slowly

to us all. A little boy, named Job, left alone murky atmosphere of ignorance in which withering to the root; and “The Old Penn- in a cottage on the mountains while his grandvisionary financial schemes are enabled to sylvania Farmer" is a striking and lifelike

father went to the village for provisions, is flourish would soon be cleared. portrait. The instinctive conservatism of

snowed in on Christmas-eve by an unexpected old age has seldom been more accurately and

snow-storm; and, as he hovered close to the It is plain, from the “ Home Pastorals, amusingly depicted. “Napoleon Gotha" fire in his solitude, the great clock in the Ballads, and Lyrics" (Boston: J. R. Osgood is a spirited rendering of a well-known bis.

* The Catskill Fairies. By Virginia W. Jobo& Co.), that Mr. Bayard. Taylor, as a poet, toric incident.

son. Illustrated by Alfred Fredericks. New York: considers himself at issue with his fellows; Of the “ Lyrics," several are deformed by | Harper & Brothers.

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corner, and the murmuring shell on the ! as have no cyclopædia or biographical dic- Clarescit urendo.' It does not brighteu as it mantel - piece, and the Angora cat on the tionary at hand. A valuable feature of the

burns. It seeks to run through the gamut of hearth, told him strange stories of adventure volume is the general index to the entire

the universe, but it bas not yet discovered a by land and sea, while the winter fairies series.

concord. It is a perfect Chinese concert of

sounds. Shelley is its most pronounced type, and the summer fairies, the fairies of the water-fall and glen, of oak-tree, laurel, and

The second volume of the new edition of

and by far its greatest ornament; and nine

tenths of Shelley's poetry is a diseased wail fir, disclosed their mysteries for his enter. Hawthorne's works (Boston: J. R. Osgood &

and a shapeless cry that does not reach the tainment. On Christmas-day Job was res. Co.) contains “ The House of the Seven Ga

gods, and does not benefit man." cued ; and, on his hinting to his grandfather bles," one of the most fascinating romances the sights he had seen and the stories he had ever written. We have already spoken of The Saturday Review characterizes the litheard, that practical person told him he had the exquisite style in which this edition is erature of spiritualism very plainly and pointbeen dreaming. Job, however, would not published, but each additional volume affords | edly. It says: “The chief thing that must accept this explanation ; and no more will a new pleasure to the eye. Nothing could ex- strike any rational mind on taking up the litthe little folks, whom these “ Catskill Fai- ceed its neatness, daintiness, and convenience.

erature of what is called · spiritism' is its in

tense and irredeemable dreariness. Weary, ries" are sure to delight.

flat, stale, and unprofitable as the courses of The book is beautifully printed and The witty Charles Monselet- - one of the

this world may have been pronounced, none bound, and Mr. Fredericks's illustrations are men who know best how to say nothing quite

but the veriest lunatic would think to better fully as pleasing as the text. If the modern agreeably-bas just brought out in Paris his

himself by tlying to one the course of which * Années de Gaité," a book certified to be taste for art bas extended to fairy - land,

is likely to be such as the mediums bave to Queen Puff will surely appoint bim courtfull of fun and of good spirits. It is a collec

tell us of. Any thing more stupid than the tion of fanciful stories, in which, notwithartist.

doings, more vapid than the talk, more pointstanding all that is fanciful, Parisian existence

less than the whole life which goes on in the is sketched from the life; pot serious Parisian The combination of sound scientific in

so-called world of spirits, it is not in the powlife, indeed, but such as we see on the Boule

er of man to conceive. No wonder that the struction with an exciting and plausible vard and in the Bois. Certain of the morsels

heroes in the Elysian Fields had rather, as story is not an easy one, and we cannot say which compose it contain ideas which would

they told Telemachus, serve as the veriest that Mr. Trowbridge has been entirely sucdo well on the stage. The Débats cites one

bondsmen in the world of daylight and the cessful in his attempt to make it in “The a little story,“ The Sorrows of a Borrower”.

earth than reign over the shades, if the unYoung Surveyor" (Boston: J. R. Osgood & in which one gentleman constitutes himself

earthly abode of the blessed corresponded in guardian of another, who on the morrow is to Co.). There is plenty of instruction in it,

the slightest degree with the melancholy blank lend him a few hundred pounds, and the wouldno doubt, lucidly and ingeniously put, and

which seems to make up 'mediumistic' existbe borrower goes so far as to fight a duel with the story is highly interesting; but the two

ence at its best. Universal and unmitigated some one who had cause of quarrel with the

imbecility certainly seems to be the state to are mingled without being mixed, and we are lender, lest the lender himself should, by

which what are put forward as the higher afraid most boys will skip the explanations | death, be incapacitated from lending.

class of spirits' are one and all reduced. As of Jack's surveying achievements in their

The London Athenæum is pleased to com

for the lower orders, the wickedness of their eagerness to reach his encounters with old mend Miss Alcott's “Eight Cousins” highly.

old Adam finds vent in pranks and mystificaPeakslow, bis adventures with Radcliff, and It says that Miss Alcott's stories are thorough

tions too childishly inane to be accused of his gradual reformation of the Betterson ly healthy and full of racy fun and humor,

serious mischief. We never heard, at least, boys. They cannot read even these portions and ends its criticism as follows: "Although

of any thing worse than pulling unbelievers' of the story, however, without acquiring at there are seven boy cousins, one or two of

beards in the dark, or hitting them over the least a modicum of useful knowledge ; and whom are quite men in their own eyes, and

head with a banjo." the tone of the book, which, after all, is the although there is a lovely, fascinating little most important point, is thoroughly whole. girl, who grows up to be a charming young

A NEw drama in London, by Messrs. Palsome and invigorating. Sensible boys will lady, there is not one breath of precocious

grave Simpson and Herman Merivale, entitled

“ All for Her," must be of a rather composite have little reason to complain as long as they sentiment, and the frank, healthy, cousinly element is not disturbed by a single hint of

order, according to the Athenæum. The central hare the opportunity, now and then, to add love or lovers to come hereafter, and this we

figure, it tells us, is taken, by permission and such a book to their collection of welltake to be an example which might be followed

with acknowledgment, from Dickens; the sacthumbed literary treasures. with great advantage in many of our own sto

rifice, which forms the main interest, recalls There are many illustrations in the volries for the young, which are neither more nor

the “Esmond " of Thackeray; the treatment nme, and most of them are good, but the ar. less than diminutive and diluted novels."

of the subject is in the manner of the elder tist's vignette of “Lord Betterson” is an

Dumas; and the hero, remade, or at least reabsurdly inappropriate travesty of Mr. Trow.

A WRITER in Temple Bar assails the poetry dressed, seems at the outset compounded of bridge's portrait of that backwoods “ aristo- criminating fashion. He says: “If we rid ourof the present era in a very truculent if not dis- equal portions of Don Cæsar de Bazan and Le

Neveu du Rameau. These approximations, howcrat.”

selves of a certain glamour which its usually | ever, which can scarcely, except in one in

high coloring sheds around its performances, stance, be called resemblances, scarcely deMR. Johnson concludes his “Little Clas. and of a certain amount of unhealthy sympa- tract from the originality of a work which is sics" with a volume of “ Authors," contain- thy with it which a contemporary can hardly re- nobly planned and fairly executed. There is ing biographical sketches of all the authors sist, we shall find that, substantially, the poe- freshness of motive enough to set against any represented in the series. As there are more

try of the Romantic School, the poetry which amount of unconscious imitation, and the inthan a hundred and fifty of these, the sketch-ì essentially breathes the air and expresses the terest begotten during the progress of the es are necessarily very brief, and little is at.

feelings of the nineteenth century, is thin, story is equally novel and powerful.

hazy, unsubstantial, deficient in good sense as tempted in the way of criticism. Addison

well as in definiteness, wanting in sobriety and Dr. Elze, in his new book on Shakespeare, observes in the opening paper of the Specta- measured judgment, too fine by half in its may be said to have added something to the tor that “a reader seldom peruses a book | dress, morbid, unsatisfactory, and inadequate. probability of Shakespeare's having visited with pleasure till he knows whether the writ. It does not satisfy. It cxcites ; at least it ex- Italy. It is indeed difficult to believe that the er of it be a black or a fair man, of a mild cites us. But whether it will excite a future poet never himself saw those fair blue skies, or choleric disposition, married or a bache-generation is another question. It is ornate, beneath which so many of his creations move lor, with other particulars of the like nature

excessive in adornment, outrageous in expres

as beneath their native and proper canopy. that conduce very much to the right under

sion, forced, odd, quaint, spasmodic, and The very air of Italy seems blowing through standing of an author ;” and it is to the

sometimes positively epileptic. It is wanting many of his scenes. And does any non-Ital

in backbone, or rather indulges in those pain- ian work transport us into the bright, starfurnishing of such particulars, with others

ful explosions and contortions which accom- clear South like the last act of " The Merchant of a chronological and bibliographical char

pany certain forms of spinal disease. It is of Venice?" acter, that Mr. Johnson chiefly addresses

very glowing, but it gives no light. It dazhimself. The sketches are fairly good of zles, but does not illuminate. It cannot be “M. C.," in the London Pictorial World their kind, and will prove serviceable to such said of it, as Cicero says of the true orator, asserted to be Mortimer Collins-declares Jo

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