« הקודםהמשך »
greater in some degree, or constituted in the deduction is legitimate from the premise. As may be right. He believes that “there could sum a bigher moral force, than those presid-well might it be argued that because the gov- hardly be found a more efficient device for ing over the organization of previously-exist- ernment is bound to protect a man's proper- estranging men from each other, and decreaga ing governments. If this be true, it is fair ty from the pillage of neighboring savages, ing their fellow-feeling, than the system of to conclude that there ought to be evolved it is bound to protect his granaries from the state almsgiving;” that, in short, it in ever here a nobler and truer conception of the invasion of rats. The government, it seems ry way defeats the object it is intended to function of government than in those coun- to me, is bound, in its corporate capacity, gain. The question of the proper limits of tries where the rights of primogeniture, he- to do that for the citizens which they can- charity, and the fittest manner for its exer: reditary rule, the union of church and state, not do for themselves in their individual ca. cise, covers a wide field. For ages the best property qualifications for the franchise, etc., pacity. The postal service, the coining of minds have attempted its solution, and con. are still principles incorporated in the ad. money, the keeping of statistics and na. siderable progress has been made since the ministration-cardinal principles in the foun. tional records, are some of the functions code of Lycurgus was in force, which ren. dation of the state. Of course, it does not which neither the individual nor the small dered legal the strangling at birth of all follow that the first political economist, to aggregations of individuals forming town. children who were not likely to develop into give the true definition of the function of ships can perform for themselves any more warriors or athletes. Still we hear people government, should be born or reared under than they can protect themselves from pirates to-day commending the wisdom of that law. free or other institutions. The world is al.
or invading enemies. Neither are small and Possibly it would not be morally wrong to ways the country of the philosopher. But it poor communities able to guarantee good destroy at birth what are termed monsters, is difficult to resist the belief that at least education to their members, though the but the general intelligence of the public some of the conclusions of Mr. Spencer have growing sense of the importance of thorough decrees that they be preserved, as long as been biased by his environment — by the instruction causes untold anxiety, disappoint. they may be, for the benefit of science. special wrongs resulting from the taxation
ment, and a demoralizing despair where it That in the struggle for existence the fit. of the people to support an established cannot be attained. Mr. Spencer, in his “So- test will survive is a law of Nature; but no church, for example.
cial Statics," labors to show that children's one will deny that in that struggle the weaker Where church and state are united, it rights are not violated by a neglect of their have the right to every aid possible in their may be that the establishment of state edu. education.” He says that “ omitting in- environment; therefore it follows that in cation would prove disastrous. “Institu. struction in no way takes from a child's human society the weaker members, the untions,” as he says, dependent for their freedom to do whatsoever it wills in the best fortunate of all classes, have the right to scivitality upon the continuance of existing way it can; and this function is all that entific treatment and to the sympathy they arrangements, naturally uphold these ... equity demands." I do not see that, under are able to excite to all aids possible in the change threatens them, modifies them, event- the definition of state-duty as given by Mr. higher development of human beings. The ually destroys them. . . . On the other hand, Spencer, the state is really bound to do any poor, the children of parents unable to buy education, properly so called, is closely asso- thing, not even to repel invasion ; for, sure. for them the training afforded by the scienciated with change, is its pioneer, is the nev- ly, where a community is struggling unaided tific methods of the present day, are an un. er-sleeping agent of revolution, is always fit- to put down insurrection, or to repel barba- fortunate class; and the struggle for educating men for higher things, and unfitting rian invaders, it is still fully exercising its tion is the struggle for existence, since to be them for things as they are. Therefore, be “faculties;” so, also, is it when lynching a shut out forever from the vivifying light of tween institutions whose very existence de criminal, or otherwise administering justice modern thought, modern scientific achievepends upon man continuing what he is, and " in the best way it can.”
ments, and from a knowledge of the methods true education, there must always be enmity." Does it not seem fair to conclude that by which those achievements have been at
Now, this argument from Mr. Spencer this limited conception of human rights and tained, is to be but partially alive; for it is (“ Social Statics ") against state education, the function of government owes its being to have the senses and most of the mental while it applies signally to governments sup- rather to the contemplation of the multitude faculties but feebly developed and practically porting an established religion, does not ap- of political and administrative abuses than useless, like the eyes of the blind fish in the ply to a republic, one of whose fundamental to the fact—which Mr. Spencer admits-that Mammoth Cave. principles is “ to promote the general welfare more perfect conditions for the exercise of
MARIE HOWLAND. and secure the blessings of liberty" to pog. the faculties are being evolved, and that the terity. On the contrary, I submit that it is belief in those conditions is a potent factor
DEAD LEAVES. a most able argument in favor of state edu- in bringing them into existence? The rights cation where, as in this country, from the of human beings, the rights of children, must very nature of our political principles, it involve something more than the liberty to A 19 ! must be secular, and may be ethical, but do whatever they will in the best way they
To-day-how sere they lie!
The glory of the forest flednever sectarian. It is conceded that there can. Certainly the mothers, if not the fa.
Like splendor from the sky: can be no better possible use for the peo- thers, of “these little ones " will never ad.
I trample on the fallen leaves ple's wealth, in a republic, than that of in- mit that they have not, by the very fact of That yesterday, like gems, creasing the intelligence of the citizens. The being brought into life, the natural right to Flasbed brightness on my wondering eyes, cause of the failure of republican govern- food, clothing, shelter, education, and tender From countless diadems. ments to realize what has been hoped for care; and, further, that whatever of these them by their founders is, I believe, attribu-rights the individual, the family, or the small
They answer to my heedless feet table mainly to the ignorance of the people community, cannot secure to them in their
With crispness in their tone: in respect to the principles underlying demo.
“ Tread lightly for the beauty's sake individual capacity, the government—that is,
Thine eyes in us have known; cratic government-the due inculcation of the people in their corporate capacity
We were but shadows, when we glowed the responsibility resting upon each citizen should guarantee them as a part, and-if a
In crimson, of thy pride ; for the maintenance of the stability and distinction be justifiable—the most vitally We still are shadows of its fall, growth of the national prosperity; and, fur- important part of its function.
And just before it glide !" ther, that it must be a vital oversight in the But the author of “Social Statics,” in the
I would the withered leaves were fair, beginning of all republics to make no pro. preface to the American edition of that work,
That I might shun to tread vision for the teaching of those principles in admits that some of his deductions he would
Their dying verdure in the dust every school in the realm.
qualify, had he to restate them; and he spe- With which my hopes fall dead: Mr. Spencer says: “Conceding for a mo- cities in this connection the chapter upon For when, in crimson and in gold, ment that the government is bound to edu- “ The Rights of Children."
My ripened joys shall flame, cate a man's children, what kind of logic will In regard to state taxation for the relief The brief, bright beauty of the leaves demonstrate that it is not bound to feed and of paupers—those who are too old or too in- Is theirs-to sere the same! clothe them ?" I do not see that such a firm to earn their daily bread-Mr. Spencer
WILLIAM C. RICHARDS.
one, with wings run- with books-rare old folios, dark, old Latin ning back.
Unfor- fathers, sermons in stones they might be tunately, the front is called, for they are quite as beavy. There disfigured by an attic they lie now, with Time at work at them, portico, the rage for gnawing their leathern backs, and rusting the Parthenon, fol. their fine mediæval metal clasps. These are lowing on Lord El- curious books, wanting only a reader. What gin's discoveries, har- would not the boy Chatterton have given for ing just then fired an liour in this old library ? the American mind, Here, in the early days, the deer came so that they ima- | down to drink from the brook, and the lady gined-our immedi- | in stately brocade could look from her win. ate forefathers—that | dow and see the noble antlered son of the a Greek temple was foresi at bis morning or evening tipple. One the best pattern for legend of the place is, that, as they were all a house. The inte- at breakfast, word came that the deer were rior of the house drinking in the brook, and one had caught contains a circular his antlers in a tree. One young man rushed staircase, which is out and killed him with a carving-knife ; steel very beautiful, and thus got at the venison before it was brought very valuable, taking to table. up very little room, Many are the legends clustering round being ornamental, at such an old house. The first one in the the same time sin- county, built with incredible labor and hard. cere, built of cherry- ship, it still remains-within, one of the most wood, to which time beautiful; without, one of the most interesthas brought a rich ing. There was much more individuality in red color as hand- the people then, and less patent machinery. some as that of ma- Things were done bonestly. hogany. It is strange But the third house demands more elabo. that this matter of rate description. It stands alone, in its own staircases is so little green park with lofty trees, long avenues, and understood. Here is bas behind it a mountain wooded to the top one success, yet the with the “forest primeval.” neighborhood did not
“The murmuring pines and the hemlocks" copy it. The adjoin. ing towns are full of form the lullaby and the nightly serenade; a monstrous, ugly, and garden, laid out in prim borders, quaint beds,
inconvenient stair long alleys, stretches behind the house toward THE UNKNOWN PICTU- cases, with one or two exceptions. I say an orchard, which ends only at the foot of
adjoining towns, for this house, with its the mountain. Sweet, old-fashioned flowers, RESQUE
exquisite lake lying twenty rods from its pinks, and gilly-flowers, roses, lilies, pbloses,
front-door, is six miles from anywhere. It poppies, peonies, sweet peas and mignonette, THE State of New York, rich in every thing stands embowered in bills, bathed in soli- bluebells and ladies'-slippers, life-everlast
else, is also rich in the unknown pictu- tude; within is every luxury, every refine- ing, and sweet-lavender, these flaunt, flourish, resque. It exists in quiet corners, away from ment; yet you approach it by a lonely road, and perfume the air, in the old - fashioned the great, well-known, and world-renowned through a forest, when it breaks upon yon garden. Gooseberry and currant bushes Niagaras, and Hudsou Rivers, lakes, bays, with green bills tumbling in on every side, grow in thickets, and three generations of and small historical houses, Washington with this sheet of water, which would be a children have played in its honeysuckle almheadquarters, and all that sort of thing; here famous place of resort in Europe, and you buscades. It is retired and secluded, yet and there by a quiet river, or a little lake, utter:
filled with a generation of memories. Young sometimes called a pond, you find a beautiful
" Full many a flower is born to blush unseen."
men and maidens, now gray-haired and elhouse, a sweet, reserved beauty, one which
derly, bave flirted and blushed in yonder hides, behind fine old trees, the graces of an This is the unknown picturesque, this is the
summer-house, and the roses have budded, almost perfect domestic architecture.
gem of purest ray serene."
bloomed, and faded, for seventy Junes. Three such houses happen to be among Another old house, in the same neighbor
As for the house itself, it is almost permy acquaintances. One of them, built by a
hood, is interesting chiefly from its irregu- fect—long, and low, and synthetical, it conformer governor of the State, stands on the larity. It has no architectural claims-it is
sists of a centre and two wings. The enbrink of the loveliest little sheet of water wandering and purposeless—but it stands on
trance is a Dutch porch, in which a bedpossible. I always think of the miraculous a babbling brook
room is built over the front door, supported draught of fishes when I stand on its shore ;
by two pillars. This is hung with vines, and there is something Scriptural in its serene
* The lapidary brook makes music for them all ”
is the prettiest, quaintest thing in the world. quietude—it recalls that Sea of Galilee on and certain high pines shade it from the sun. It looks like Nuremberg; it is beautiful and whose shores such gentle lessons were taught. Here came the founder of the family in 1798, convenient. The lady who sits at that latAt eventide it is so opaline, so tender, so and cut down the trees with which his house tice should be like the one imaged forth in lovely, reflecting, as it does, bills wooded to is built. He made a vast and beautiful draw. “County Guy:" the top, and beyond them the sunset, that I ing-room, as if he were Duke of Devonshire ; long to lay my band on its serene surface, as
"To beanty shy, at lattice high, he paneled it with the wild - cherry, which
Sings high-born cavalier." I would on the brow of a child. The peace now has the same rich, red, dark color as and purity are marvelous; it is almost pa- the staircase at the lake. He built a beauti. The house is built of wood, and profusely thetic in its presence to think how poisy, and ful staircase, so that ladies in pompous bro. and tastefully ornamented with wood-carvquarrelsome, and disturbed, the world is out- cades could go up and down. It is wide and ings; vines, vases, and architectural orna. side.
grand, with a tasteful balustrade. He built ments, follow one another over the Dutch The house is a substantial and handsome a library which his clergyman son-in-law filled porck, all in perfect taste. Real green vines
in great luxuriance, almost as beautiful as and hungry, and being taken before the great smiles, and adds new charms to the old English ivy, festoon the whole front of the wood-fire in this abounding kitchen, watched house. house. The hall goes through the house, and, with interest the pendent goose roasting be- The whole aspect of the place is like that as one door swings open, another opposite it fore the great logs, and heard the ketile sing of an old English rectory.
Miss Mitford opens and reveals the girden and the moun- welcome as it hung from the crane.
Now a could revel in the garden. Miss Austin tain. In this hall, and a continuation of it modern kitchen, with “improvements,” has would hide one of her quiet heroines in just in the shape of a back-piazza, the family been built farther on, and the old fireplace
such a spot.
Of an autumn day one in. spend their lives, neglecting as they do so a rests upoa its memories. No such toothsome vokes Washington Irving's description to parlor which is in its way a gem. For here cookery comes from the modern cooking- reach the yellow of the pumpkin, the red of the architect, taking the Ionic order for his stove as its simplicity produced, and it may the apple, the russet tints of the ripening text, has built a beautiful room of wood. All well sniff at the inferior broiled chickens and grain. And after the first frost, then is the the high fireplace and its adjacent mouldings the less luscious puddings which its modern old place hung in purple, and scarlet, and are of wood, quaintly carved. Two inches rival sends forth.
gold. Maples light up their autumnal lanare let in on either side of the fireplace, just Cooking over a wood-fire was very toil. terns all down the long avenue, and at its large enough for a table, a vase of flowers, or some to the cook, but it bad a superiority foot the moon rises in serenest majesty. an easy-chair. These are outlined by Ionic like that of a real camel's-hair shawl, real The story of the old house is this : A pilasters. In the corners of the room Ionic wood-carving, or real jewels, over imitation. large tract of land, one of the military pilasters are turned cornerwise, giving a It was vastly better, if well done, than any grants, was given by a Revolutionary officer beautiful effect of finish. It is paneled about other. It required talent, patience, work, to his son. Eight hundred acres off in the three feet from the floor; little, old-fashioned and good luck ; the wood must not smoke, forest cannot bave been a very easily-han. windows let in an insufficiency of light. This the coals must have reached that glow where, dled gift, one would think, to the young law. could be improved upon. The dining-room, a as the poet says
yer on the Hudson. But be took it, and plainer apartment, has still some good wood
went out bravely to fell the trees and build
“ One shade the more, one ray the less, paneling, and is a cheerful, well-proportioned
his house. He did it well. He sent to Had half impaired that nameless grace."
Philadelphia—then a fortnight's journey offBut the glorious great fireplaces, with But, when “ the hour and the woman met, for his architect, and, not having been bitten three picturesque wood-fires, where yet the then beefsteaks were glorified, and pumpkin- by the American idea that every man can wood from the near hill-side affords material pies became a beatific vision fit for the appre- do every thing without education, be hired to keep the family hearth alight, are the chief ciation of Brillat Savarin.
skilled workmen to do all his work for beauties of these pretty, old-fashioned rooms. As I have looked at the old house from an him. I know no such good company as a wood-fire. eminence, with its wandering dependencies It remains to praise him, for the beams It is the very best society, genial, sympathet- of wings, wash-houses, smoke-houses, and do not give, the chimneys do not smoke, the ic, and suggestive. You can paint what pict- ice-houses, all nicely masked with trees, with beauty and sincerity of his work are here. ures you wish in these coals and dying em. its ample barns and stables, and yards for The old house stretches its wings over its bers, and, as the flames mount and aspire, so cows, and pigs, and poultry—a little empire young owner — third generation from ite do your thoughts, with no crabbed interpo. by itself, holding all the material of self- founder—and promises to protect bim and sition of Fate to kill your ambition. The old preservation for its garrison independently his, as it has done his ancestors. Peace be house is in a lofty altitude, fifteen hundred of the outer world – I have thought of to its foundations ! May the industry and feet above the level of the sea, and the even- Retzsch's "Song of the Bell," that particular energy which built it descend, and the bos. ings and mornings are cool. In the latter sketch of comfort and prosperity which he pitality which has ever been its characterispart of September the fire becoines very com- draws just before the fire comes which sweeps tic, continue, as long as one beam remains fortable-in fact, all through the summer the it all off. So far the Fire-King has spared upon another! brass andirons and the brass fender are kept the honest, wandering old house. May he The old house has one terrible defect. It very bright, and a few logs are laid, with an long spare it!
has no ghost. Without a good ghost, no underpinning of pine-cones, ready for the So lovely is its situation, a mile from the old house is perfect. In vain have its inobedient match.
village, that the owls come down from the mates tried to get up a headless lady, or a Beyond all the rooms, stretching out tow- forest and hoot at night, and bats float in at two-headed man, or a shrouded, bloody mysard the kitchen and offices, which enjoy a the open parlor-window as the piano gires tery. It alwars turns out to be a cat, or at long extension to themselves at the back of forth “ Batti Batti,” according to a family dog, or a perfectly uninteresting broomstick the house, lies what was once a kitchen, now wit. Squirrels in great colonies chatter, and with a towel hung over it. No ghost will aca servants' dining-room. And oh, what a chirp, and live unmolested in the trees of cept a lodgment. It is an aristociatic want, ballroom! Cleared of its tables, what “Sir the lawn, and afford amusement to the lazy a defect in the family tree. The old house Roger de Coverleys” have been danced up lounger on the grass, as, lying at full length has seen its sorrows; brave and beautiful and down its bard, polished oak floor! The with pipe in mouth, he takes his dolce far young men have been borne dead from its third generation from the founder is now, at niente.
portals; sad and incomplete lives have hid. this moment, working off the ichor of youth It is a great place to be lazy in, a sort of den their sorrows under its shade. Hither to the music furnished by two sons of Africa. comfortable Adirondack trip, with the ad. have come aching hearts, smarting under Thither come the youths and maidens as they vantage of a bouse to camp and eat in. Its
fresh grief. Little bands of children have did seventy years ago to dance. One gentle comparative isolation has been preserved by trooped about it in mock military array, when man of the neighborhood claims to have the accidental absence of railroads near it. lo! one has dropped out, one soldier bas danced in that kitchen fifty years ago, and he It was long shunned by these modern im. laid down his gun forever; and the music is still the chief ornament of the parties of provements, much to its advantage. Now, has ceased, and for some hearts a muffled to-day. The German cotillon, an exotic of however, a shrieking engine has invaded the drum has beaten, never to be silenced. distinction, has, of course, in the present age, orchard, and bas sent the hamadryads weep- The old, they whose gray hairs made the been added to the contra-dance of the past; ing to their molested solitudes.
fireside sacred, and the garden-walks bistori. but, out of deference to the past, the Vir- At the foot of the lawn runs a capricious cal, they who presided at the family board for ginia Peel is never omitted.
river, sometimes only a pebbly brook, some- half a century, they have gone, but they reIn one corner of this ballroom-kitchen times a mountain-torrent, sometimes a broad turn not, save in the form of loving memo. hangs an historical crane in a great brick lake, after a freshet. This uncertain tributary ries. chimney and stone fireplace. When Long. of Undine becomes afterward a great and im. All that is morbid, all that is terrible, fellow's “ Hanging of the Crane" came out, portant river, bearing naries on its breast. It shuns, so far, the dear old house. It accepts this now-disused engine of hospitality became is in its childhood, its “sweet seventeen," the mingled joy and sorrow of a common curious and historical. Old friends told tales near the old house, and behaves accordingly. destiny, but has no “picturesque and gloomy of arriving at the house cold, and chilled, | It gleams through the trees with coquettish wrong."
THE FIRE AT TRANTER SWEATLEY’S.-SOME CURIOUS WILLS. [NOVEMBER 6,
Her form in these cold, mildewed tatters he Then the uncle cried, " Lord, pray have mercy THE FIRE AT TRANTER
And in sorrow began to repent;
lier light-tripping totties, her ten little tooes, But before 'twas complete, and till sure she
was free, WESSEX BALLAD.
Barbie drew up her loft-ladder, tight turned
(Sim handing in breakfast, and dinner, and Shone like stars through a tangle of trees.
tea) AUTHOR OF “FAR FROM THE MADDING CROWD,"
Till the crabbèd man gied his consent. " THE HAND OF ETHELBERTA, ETC.
She eyed him; and, as when a weir-hatch is
There was skimmity-riding with rout, shout,
and flare love
Wi’ a rushing of sobs in a torrent were strawn In Weatherbury, Stokeham, and Windleton, And at junketings, May-poles, and flings;
Till her power to pour 'em seemed wasted and But she dwelt wi' a crabbèd old uncle, and he
They had proof of old Sweatley's decay; Swore by noon and by night that her husband
From the heft of misfortune she bore. The Mellstock and Yalbury folk stood in a should be
stare Naibour Sweatley (a man often weak at the
“() Sim! my own Sim, I must call’ee-I will! (The tranter owned houses and garden-grourd knee All the world have turned round on me so !
there), From taking o' sommat more cheerful than
Can you help her who loved 'ee, though acting But little did Sim or his Barbara caretea),
For he took her to church the next day. Who tranted, and moved people's things.
Can you pity her misery-feel for her still?
When worse than her body so quivering and She cried, “ () pray pity me!” naught would
SOME CURIOUS WILLS. he hear;
Is her heart in its winter of woe!
HE making of a man's last will and tes. wi' her; said,
tament is one of the most momentous The passon was told, as the season drew near,
iny griefs one by one come to hand : acts of bis life. No matter how frivolous or To throw over pulpit the names of the pair But oh, to be slave to an uncle for bread, indifferent a man may be, he cannot but recAs fitting one flesh to be made.
And then, upon top o' that, driven to wed, ognize the gravity and responsibility of an act
And then, upon top o' that, burnt out o' bed, that will live after him, long after the band The wedding-day dawned, and the morning Is more than my patur can stand !"
that traced it has mingled with its kindred
dust. It is then that men avail themselves The couple stood bridegroom and bride; Sim's soul like a lion within him outsprung
of the best and sometimes the only opporThe evening was passed, and when midnight (Sim had a great soul when his feelings were
tunity of declaring their mind to the world. The folks horned out “God Save the King," “Feel for 'ee, dear Barbie ?” he cried.
They feel that, however much their acts or and anon
Then his warm working-jacket about her he thoughts may have been ignored or spurned To their home the pair gloomily hied.
by an unfriendly or unwilling world, they Made a back, horsed her up, till behind him will for once command attention when thes
she clung: The lover, Sim Tankens, mourned heart-sick
pen their last thoughts and directions in a Like a chiel on a gypsy her figure uphung and drear
testament. Accordingly, we find many who
As the two sleeves before him he tied. To be thus of his darling deprived;
have smarted by the world's rebuffs," the He roamed in the dark around tield, mound, Over piggeries, and mixens, and apples, and
proud man's contumely,” or who have been
hay, And, a’most without knowing it, found him
victims of its injustice or disappointment, self near They stumbled straight into the night;
who now vent their opinions about men and The house of the tranter, and now of his dear,
And finding, at length, where a bridle-path things most freely and fully, railing sonieWhere the moving lights showed they'd
times in a cynical manner at men's profes. By dawn reached Sim's mother's--who, up arrived.
sions, practices, and pursuits, and learing with the day,
behind them a protestation against sham, In round, kindly spectacles glared every way The bride sought her chimmer so calm and so
against perfidy of friends, or against hollow. To gather some clew to the sight. pale
ness of pretension. That a Northern had thought her resigned;
As a phase of human nature, it cannot Then old Mis'ess Tankens she searched here But to eyes that had seen her in seasons of
fail to prove interesting to examine a few of wealFor some closet-though fearing 'twas sin
the remarkable and curious wills people have Like the white cloud of smoke, the red battleWhere Barbie could hide, and for clothes she
written. There we see the outcomings of field's veil
their affections, the nature and objects of That look told of havoc behind.
A task hard enough with a creature so fair, their antipathies, their opinions upon a ra.
Who, half scrammed to death, sat and cried in riety of subjects, their idiosyncrasies, and The bridegroom yet loitered a beaker to drain,
their vagaries. Then reeled to the linhay for more ; To think what a stoor she was in.
Generally there are directions as to the When the candle-snoff kindled the chaff from bis grain,
place or manner of burial, as to be buried near The loft, up the ladder, seemed safe ; and all Flames sprout and rush upward wi' might and
a wife or some member of a family: in one case wi' main, In that hiding she laid her sweet limbs;
a testator directed that he should be buried And round beams, thatch, and chimley-tun But most of the time in a terrible way,
between the graves of his first and second Well knowing that there'd be the piper to wives, without regard, it is supposed to the pay
opinion of either. Many limit the expenses Young Sim in the distance aroused by the When 'twas found that, instead of the ele- of their burial and funeral - pageant; light,
others totally forbid any display whatever. Through brimbles and underwood tears, She was living in lodgings at Sim's.
Thus, in the case of the will of Mr. ZimmerTill he comes to the orchet, when slap in his sight, " Where's the tranter?” said men and boys;
mun, proved in Doctors' Commons, in 1840, Beneath a bowed codlin-tree trimbling wi'
" Where can he be ?"
there were directions for his funeral; and he fright, " Where's the tranter?” said Barbie alone;
accompanied them with something like a Wi' an old coat she'd found on a scarecrow Wherever's the tranter?” said every bod-y;
threat in case they were not carried out. He bedight, They sitted the dust of his perished roof-tree, says:
No person is to attend my corpse to His gentle young Barbara appears.
And all they could find was a bone ! the grave, nor is any funeral-bell to be rung,
and my desire is to be buried plainly and in tor, named Garland, containing the following / tation of her beautiful face, nor of the sweet a decent manner, and if this be not done, 1 clause:
and intellectual expression of her living featwill come again, that is, if I can."
ures and general countenance and character.”
“I bequeath to my monkey, my dear and The Countess-Dowager of Sandwich, in
amusing Jacko, the sum of ten pounds ster- The care of testators in regard to their her will, written by herself at the age of ling per annum, to be employed for his sole wives is very frequently evinced in a will eighty, which was proved in November, 1862, use and benefit ; to my faithful dog Shock, with respect to some probibition of marriage, expresses her wish “to be buried decently and my well-beloved cat Tib, a pension of five
whether out of consideration for the happiand quietly-no undertakers' frauds, or cheat- pounds sterling; and I desire that, in case of
ness of the widow, or of the probable busing, no scarfs, hat-bands, or nonsense.” the death of either of the three, the lapsed
band, might be conjectured. Mrs. Kitty Jenkyn Packe Reading, who
pension shall pass to the other two, between
whom it is to be equally divided. On the died in 1870 abroad, desired her remains to
This restraint is allowed by the law in death of all three, the suin appropriated to
this case, because of the interest wbich a be first put into a leaden coffin, then inclosed this purpose shall become the property of my
may has in his wife remaining a widow. But in a wooden coffin, and taken as freight to
daughter Gertrude, to whom I give this prefer- what is sauce for the goose is not sauce for her residence, Branksome Tower, in England.
ence among my children because of the large the gander in this instance, for a wife has not And, foreseeing that the dimensions of the
family she has, and the difficulty she finds in the same privilege in prohibiting her husband entrance to her residence would not be suffi. bringing them up.”
remarrying. cient to admit the corpse in this manner, she
It has been remarked that testators often
Husbands have exercised this right for a directed the window of one of the parlors to speak their minds freely of others; and wives
long time, and courts have supported it. be taken out, in order to admit her remains. Not a few testators give directions as to have not escaped the aspersions which are
Walter Frampton, Mayor of Bristol, who died sometimes contained in a will. The ills and
on December 6, 1388, left his wife a very large the disposition of their remains after death. Thus, Mr. William Kensett, who died in Ocjars of domestic life may have borne so
property, but with this strict injunction : heavily on a man during bis lifetime, that "Item: I desire that, in case the said Isatober, 1855, left his body to the directors of the Imperial Gas Company of London, to be
they are vividly and painfully remembered bella shall remarry, and this matter can be
at its close, when he is about to make his proved, my executors shall consider themplaced in one of their retorts and consumed last declaration. Then, if he could never
selves bound to withhold from the aforesaid to ashes. If not, he directed it to be buried during lifetime have the final word, he cer.
Isabella all the aforesaid legacies, and shall exin the family grave in St. John's Wood Cem
pel her from all participation therein forever, etery, to assist in poisoning the neighbor- tainly thinks at last he has found an occa
making a triple proclamation of the same by sion to deprive his wife of her inalienable, hood. Generally, the curious wills are home
sound of trumpet at the high cross." made, but this of Mr. Kensett was made by a
prescriptive right, and turn the scale in his solicitor. own favor. A man, at such a time, has been
An instance of a remarkable case of this known to call his wife“ jealous, disaffection- sort occurred in Pennsylvania, and is reportBut a far stranger direction than this was in the case of Morgan vs. Boys, reported in
ate, calumnious, reproachful, censorious," in ed in the tenth volume of “ The Pennsylvania
his will, and perpetuate his wife's " unpro- State Reports” under the bead of “ ComTaylor's “Medical Jurisprudence," and which was brought under judicial decision.
monwealth vs. Stauffer,” p. 350. The case The
voked and unjustifiable fits of passion, vio-
was brought before the court in connection testator devised his property to a stranger, and wholly disinherited his next of kin, and
A person dying in London, 1791, provides
with the will of Mr. William Geigley, and, as for his wife as follows:
an example of curious foresight and exactdirected that his executors should some parts of his bowels to be converted “Seeing that I bave had the misfortune to
ness in a testator, together with an unusual into fiddle - strings, that others should be be married to the aforesaid Elizabeth, who,
sentimental effusion by a court in condemnsublimed into smelling - salts, and that the ever since our union, has tormedted me in ev
ing such a restraint upon marriage, it well remainder of his body should be vitrified into
ery possible way; that, not content with mak- deserves attention. The testator thus pro
ing game of all my remonstrances, she has vided in a clause of bis will: lenses for optical purposes.” In a letter at
done all she could to render my life miserable; tached to the will, the testator said: “The
“I will and bequeath to my loving wife, that Heaven seems to have sent her into the world may think this to be done in a spirit i world solely to drive me out of it; that the
Susan Geigley, all my real and personal estate
that I am possessed of (with a few exceptions of singularity or whim, but I have a mortal strength of Samson, the genius of Homer, the
that I will afterward bequeath to my brother aversion to funeral-pomp, and I wish my body prudence of Augustus, the skill of Pyrrhus,
George), provided my wife remains a widow to be converted into purposes useful to man. the patience of Job, the philosophy of Socrates,
during her life. But, in case she should marry kind." The will was attacked on the ground the subtlety of Ilannibal, the vigilance of Her
again, my will is she then shall leave the of insanity; but it was shown that the tes. mogenes, would not suffice to subdue the per
premises, and receive all the money and propversity of her character; that no power on tator had conducted his affairs with great
erty she had of her own, or that I received of earth can change her, seeing that we have lived shrewdness and ability, that, so far from be
hers. . . . It is my will and desire that, if my apart during the last eight years, and that the ing imbecile, he had always been regarded by only result has been the ruin of my son, whom
wito remains a widow during her life on the his associates through life as a person of in
premises, after her death all the money or she has corrupted and estranged from me
property that I got or had of my wife's shall disputable capacity. It was declared a valid weighing maturely and seriously all these
be paid to her friends whomsoever she wills it will, and, in the opinion of the judge who considerations, I have bequeathed, and I be
to; and all the property belonging to me as heard it, it was nothing more than eccentri queath, to my said wife the sum of one shil
my own at my death (not including my wife's city. This would hardly be the decision of a ling, to be paid unto her within six months
part) I will and bequeath to my father and court here at present. Many wills have been after my death."
mother, if living. But, if they are both derefused probate on the ground of a disgust. But the jors, the tender experiences, the
ceased, my will is that my brother George ing fondness for brute animals. Taylor re
mutual good-will and affection of conjugal Geigley and my sister Catharine Geigley shall ports one case where the testatrix, an unmar
have the whole of that part or share that wils life, are not less sometimes happily rememried female, kept fourteen dogs of both sexes, | bered, and lovingly mentioned. Mr. Sharon
my own, to them, their heirs, and assigns, for
ever." which were provided with kennels in her
Turner, the eminent author of “The History drawing - room. In another case, a female, of the Anglo-Saxons" and other works, wbo
The wise married again, as would be very who lived by herself, kept a multitude of died in 1847, delights thus to speak of his
probable, and the surplus of the real estate cats, which were provided with regular meals, wife who was dead:
went to the mother. On the first trial, the and furnished with plates and napkins. This
judge before whom the case was heard was strange fondness for animals, in solitary fe
“It is my comfort to have remembered that
shocked by this restraint imposed on his I have passed with her nearly forty-nine years males, is not altogether unusual, and there.
widow by the testator, and, as a piece of fine of unabated affection and connubial happifore cannot be regarded as any certain indi.
ness, and yet she is still living, as I earnestly judicial argument, it is worthy of being cation of insanity.
hope, under hier Saviour's care in a superior quoted in these days of sober, matter-of-fact, In June, 1828, the London papers re- state of being. ... None of the portraits of prosaic decisions by courts. He concludes corded the singular will of an English testa- my beloved wife give any adequate represen- as follows, holding the condition void :