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The following day we returned to the Her- “Where did you come from ? ”
dar, perpetually engaged with the elements, mit's Island, and the next we went back to “From a hospital.”
and wholly oblivious of man. Berkley's, whence, the season being about “What did you come aboard this ship for ? There was a short lady with short hair, an over, we made our way to the hill-country of -speak up !”
indifferent face, a pleasant smile, and a habit North Georgia to spend the summer in the "Oh, I thought I'd like to go to Califor- of ferreting for things not known to her. pleasant valley of the Coosawattee, where the ny, that's all. I s'pose I can't, though, as Before twenty-four hours had elapsed she bass-fishing is the best that I know of in the i long as you say so."
had been in the steerage, in the fire-holes, world.
And he turned to walk toward the pilot- and had gone through the captain's chartMAURICE THOMPSON. house before he was ordered to do so, ap- rack.
parently turning the matter over and over, She discovered that the steerage atmos. and ruminating pon it.
phere had no oxygen in it at six in the mornFROM NEW YORK TO AS
The next was a neat, honest man, who, ing, and that people were often found sensePINWALL, taking off his hat, bowed, and said:
less in the lower "trays.” (her name for their
“ I've got forty dollars, sir, and I'm a sleeping - quarters). In the fire-room, away THS THIS summer a large propeller, carrying painter by—"
down beneath the engines, she saw men shov. twenty-five passengers in the steerage “What's the fare in the steerage, Mr. eling coal without cessation for two hours in and eighty or thereabout in the cabin, made Purser ?" asked the commander, putting his a temperature of 120° Fahr. In the captain's a pleasant voyage from New York to Aspin- / head down toward the breeze.
cabin she found that the ship would pass wall, arriving (so uninterrupted was the jour- Sixty, sir."
Hatteras in the night — “a blessing," she ney) at the end of the nine days and a half “Pilot-house !-And you—any ticket or cried, in a little ecstasy, “without parallel !” allowed by the directors on shore for her
“Yes, indeed," cried the other ladies (who passage.
The last was another stupid boy-cold, knew nothing about it). On a bright afterTo those who have been upon the sea, any frightened, and all abroad. He shook his noon, while the people were lolling upon the record of such a trip might be but half inhead.
hurricane-deck with their novels, their tatting, teresting, but to those to whom the ocean “I came with him, sir," indicating the and their ennui, this lady came aft, crying: seems mysterious and dreadful (it being far last prisoner with a backward motion of his “I have found out another of the pretensions away), the slightest trifle respecting it or its thumb.
of man! Neither the first, second, nor third belongings is entertaining reading.
"That's all right, but what's your ide in officer knew the length in feet of a nautical There was a tall, broad-shouldered woman coming aboard a ship in this fashion? You mile, and the first only was at all sure that it on board, dressed in many colors, but having have no clothing, no money, no object, no was longer than the shore-mile. Two old exthe visage of a blacksmith, who had never means to get beyond Aspinwall, where you'll sea-captains had to be told, and, when the seen the ocean nor a steamer before.
die of fever. You should be glad that we commander of this great vessel wakes up, I'll She sat upon a oamp-chair upon the bur- found you, young man.
see if I can bring him down!” This catch. ricane-deck for five hours, her wits steeped, Half an hour later this reckless, unclean, and-go manner was very telling among the drowned in the most bewildering astonish- and hungry crowd, having but one small bun. dull weight of people, and gossip stood ginment. Nothing was comprehensible to her; dle in the midst of it, crept down the black gerly aloof from her. she could not understand the use of a single precipice of the steamer's side, and, scared There was one of those children, the con. belonging of the ship. She did not know by the foaming waves, and confused by the templation of whose futures, calculated from enough even to ask questions; she was as noise and violence of the wind, hung until present conditions and projected fifty years, incapable of understanding as a child would the pilot - boat seemed safe beneath them, fill one with an uneasy awe.
Her name was be if it were made seventy years old in a into which they dropped, one after the oth- Moll; she was barely two, her skin was fair, her second. There may be many millions in the er, between the siftings of the ship!
hair bright, glossy, and yellow, her forehead country as ignorant as she was, and many All the steerage, reaching, noisy and mot- full (too full, in fact), and her little figure mus. millions more who understand, but who have ley, above the bulwarks, jeered furiously un- cular and tireless. She could run like a deer, seen nothing; to any of these, as I have said til the tossing boat was half a mile away, and, no matter how the vessel rolled, the lit. before, any notes from any note-book of the while the cabin, eighty strong, leaned over tle creature, with her eye on her object, would sea may be interesting. the rail, feeling a little shocked.
stagger, turn, climb up the deck, or plunge There were five stow-aways—that is, five Among the eighty passengers were the down the hill, as it happened, with a coolness wretches who were arraigned before the cap- usual rough bachelors who sang choruses that was astonishing. She was often shot out tain within the first hour out for trying to after cocktails; the usual people who go to of her mother's state-room by the action of steal a passage. One admitted out and out their state rooms at the port of exit, and the sbip, on her way to the deck, and would that he tried “the game," and was d—d sorry never emerge until the destination is made ; cruise among the long limbs of the negro that he had been ketched, for they wanted to the group of ladies who, being alone, are waiters with great nonchalance, catching at see him up there in New York) very bad ! subjects for talk ; the aristocrats, cajoled for this or that pantaloon just as the lurching of He tossed bis inisshapen head in the direc- a few hours, but scorned thereafter with a the ship made it convenient. Few places in tion of the vanishing city, and, laughing, sort of paper-scorn that always broke at a the vessel were unknown to her. She often sbowed a full set of reeth, yellow with to- smile or a bow; the pitiables whom all pitied, found her way into the horrible horde in the bacco, but viciously strong in spite of it. and the more pitiable still, whom the pitiables steerage, and she was a well-known habituée
The old commander, flaming with indig. | pitied in their turn; and there were the com- of the butcher and barber shops, and she of. nation, ordered him into the pilot-house, a mon run of oddities, the intelligent woman, ten assisted the keeper of the wine-room in prisoner. The next man seized his cap from the silent man, the homely gentleman, the his endless duties. She could scream with his head when his turn came, and shivered lady of the single dress, and the corps of old a sbrillness and a long-windedness that outfrom head to foot. God knew he would travelers (cool, steady persons, who got all did the bo'sun's whistle, and her temper was work! he cried. They stopped him, and things and all favors in spite of iron-like at times intensely vixenish. Yet, in moasked how much money he had. He acted rules).
ments of peace, the spectacle of her little “pot a cent” by giving a deprecating look to There was a madman who wore enor- body, with its bright face and wild, golden all and by then sinking upon himself, grow- mous shoes, who spoke to no one, yet who hair, finging itself here and there in a wild ing shorter by an inch, and looking dragged ate famously. He had a pile of manuscript chase after some sight she ached to see, and helpless in an instant. He also went to in his state-room, and he added to it daily. something near the engine-room, or down the the pilot-house. The third was an awkward He rolled twelve cigarettes each morning, cabin, or down the sky-light, where the cookboy with a round, Aushed face and a vacant and wandered bareheaded at all hours of the ing went on, or in the first-officer's room, eye.
day and night all over the enormous deck, where they made the reckoning, or aft when “ Have you any money ?-quick ! ” turning his face upward to the heavens in the they went to throw the log, was spirited
evening, and downward at the waters in the enough, and all the other children on board
sank out of notice, and did their tricks and heap of guano. Speak to those patriots, some and bordered here and there by huts of played their games with insignificance. one, and tell them not to cheer so loudly." scantling, and by hen-coops half submerged
The way to Aspinwall led the ship among The steamer sailed into the barbor of in the horrible flood. The fowls and the the islands of the West Indies, and then Aspinwall at between four and five o'clock people lived on raised floors, and a splashacross the fitful Caribbean
on a Sabbath morning. The lofty bills and ing board often led to land. A truly magtemper blows hot and cold in the same ten mountains, that alınost surround the bay, nificent bronze statue of Columbus, fine, both minutes, and causes the watch to "oil up”. were enve ped in the most delicate mists. in conception and in execution, stood with its and to keep a weather-eye.
And they assumed at that time a warm purple, small fence upon the edge of a pool like To the already entrancing effects produced while those of the farthest ranges were cool. this. The faces of the main figure and that by the extraordinary hues of the sky, the sea, er and cooler as their distances were greater. of the statue of an Indian, whom the great and by the shapes of the clouds, whose beau- The air was indescribably soft. It pressed man had aroused, were turned seaward; not ties had become more and more surprising upon the face with grateful coolness, yet it committing, happily, the satire of gazing each day since the ship quitted the latitude did not stir. The sky was without a cloud, upon the effects of civilizing influence upon of Lower Florida, were now to be added the intensely blue, and tranquillizing to look at. the new-found land. One hardly delays to fresh colors of the land, tempered by an at. The town is built upon a small net-work of examine the work, for the bad odors that mosphere whose pearly obscurity put the earth partly natural and partly manufactured, arise from the green pond are overpowertints of sleep upon all things.
and behind it, that is, in the immediate rear ing. Farther on, in an arid field, is a fine The passengers, rendered languid by beat of the second row of buildings, is an ugly and dignified memorial, with bronze medaland ennui, carried their chairs and their books swamp, out of which springs the rankest lions, to a few shrewd financiers who had to the port side of the deck, and gave them- vegetation. The place has long since de- dreamed that this spot was to be a great selves up to dumb, wide-eyed gazing, saying cayed; the people live upon what tarrying entrepot, and had urged people to spend a. little and thinking less. Even the "intelli. travelers choose to spend, and the few white quantity of money upon a railroad. Travelgent lady” was silent with the rest. There people that are residents are invalids. From ers smile at the monument, and recall that in was a long island, whose yellow beach, rag- the water the place appears to be a neat, their lives they have never seen a failure ged cliff of sand, and dense growth of tropic shaded hamlet with several white, two-storied possess so fine a gravestone. verdure, were materialistic enough for almost buildings, with fine façades, many red-tiled A little farther still is a cool villa, occuevery eye, but then and there it became the houses, a number of broad sheds at the wa- pied by a consul, and farther yet is a Gothic most tender vision of a land-separated, sus- ter-side, and it appears that all is finely inter- church, built of a fine brown-stone, opening pended, half- breathing destiny, yet resting spersed with overhanging palms and oaks, its wide doors hospitably. A little way off upon nothing. The water below it did not and that the gardens are shaded with broad. the sea comes up in musical ripples upon a touch it or even meet its shore; it became a leaved bananas and mango-trees. Two or brown shore, and a few half-dressed boys part of the nothingness. And so did the three ocean-steamers lay at anchor at that patter about for shells, with an eye to the sky. The blue became an ineffable dream time, two or tbree consuls' flags hung lan- main chance, however. These few things, of blue. Behind it arose a white, medieval guidly from their staff's, and it would bave the half-dozen official houses, the two monu. city of clouds—its mighty walls and its huge taken a sharp eye to detect any thing un- ments, and the church, compose the best of towers lifting themselves-shall I say it?- prosperous or unclean about the spot. In- | Aspinwall. All the rest is degraded, ugly, prayerfully toward the-above! All was in deed, the voyager looked forward with impa- and dangerous. the midst of repose.
Colors became half- tience to many strolls in the tree - arched In the living-quarter of the place one colors, liues faded, the noises of the water lanes that he fancied, and he determined upon more nakedness, uncleanliness, and grew far off, the palm-trees mingled together, purchasing many mementoes of this retired squalor, than it is likely he ever dreamed of. and the land, the sea, the sky, the clouds, and lovely spot.
Poverty, heat, refuse, indolence, and foul buried in so much warmth and haze, seemed But he barely reached the head of the scents, are everywhere. Tenements, two stoa dreamed revelation of heaver.
pier when he beheld, to his astonishment, on ries bigh, soiled from their door-posts to the Cuba came into sight in early morning. the farther side of a hot railway-yard, one of highest points a man can reach, stand in the There seemed to be a cliff only, and a green the most urclean and wretched tenement- mud, and show three black-brown beads at table-land, and a slender light-house. Every houses that it was his fortune ever to have every window and door.
Ducks, children, man on board gazed at it, and either said in
Its first story is full of shops.
pigs, mingle together in the boiling puddles, substance, or acquiesced when it was said : This is the beginning of the main thor- and one goes by under a fire of chaff from “What a land of tragedies is that! How oughfare. It is not all so bad, yet it is bad the women who impudently line the way. treacherous does its quiet seem! Who would enough. There is a quarter of a mile of The people are short, and brown in collive upon it?"
Some of them are frame, or commonly, though now and then there is a Afterward, when the sun had dissipated some have two stories and balconies, but the black. The nationalities are sadly mixed, as the mists, and permitted the inland bills to greater part are twenty feet high and in they are in all the towns this way, there bebe seen hills that rose slowly to great advanced stages of decay. The shopkeeping ing a composite population of Jamaica neheights—then the impulse way to pity Nature interest is divided between German Jews groes, Aztecs, and Peruvians. These, having and to decry the beings that did so ill in and the natives. The former keep domestic intermarried, have produced a host of monplain sight of so much that suggested God. and foreign goods, and their shops resemble grel people, vicious in temper, devoid of in“It would be a good thing if some of the somewhat the ordinary country-stores at home. tellect, and easily content to sleep or steal, mountains flared up and overtook these mis- The sale of the natural and spontaneous prod
as chance suggests. chief-makers.”—“They have turned the isl- ucts of the land is turned over to the na- They are not exactly stupid ; but, on the and into a rat-pit.”—“Is Spanish blood poi- tives, who add to this simple and innocent other hand, it is impossible to say that they son?"
manner of gaining an income the allure- are worth a rush to the world, or to any inAnd so on. ments of the true American bar.
terest in it. The American Ang was perceived one day When the ship's passengers were all As I said before, they are all concerned floating upon the top of an island of moder- turned free along this hot street, with their in getting money from the people who tarry ate size. Several people cheered and said, bands full of money, then every available in passing through the place on their way to “ It does one's heart good to see the stars inch of room was piled with fruit, shells, grass- Panama. Each passenger had half a dozen and stripes, even after so short an absence work, and cages of paroquets.
dollars to spend in purchasing the specialties from port," and they shook bands with effu- The Jews came out to their doors, the of the place, and, after they bad impressed sion. Some one said, and it was true, that clerks took off their hats, and Aspinwall the physique of the town upon their minds, that was the only land covered by an Amer- made ready to receive its profits. But the they lay about with full hands among the ican flag in the West Indies. And the people, dumb and staring, went on, with their booths, and for a couple of hours the chaffer Homely Gentleman said, also truthfully: “It parasols, to seek the city. They came to and dicker were a little spirited. The ladies is owned by a Baltimore company, and it is a pools of begreened water filling whole squares, I of the cabin, in fresh muslins, every one, and
being looked upon as aristocrats, for the moment carried things with a high hand, and beat the natives down in their prices with a vengeance. They domineered over the whole town with infinite glee, and bought twopence worth. One would have fancied, from the amount of talk and disputation that went on, and that roused the echoes of the place like the noise of a dreadful combat, that the white wives and sweethearts were buying the natives out "stick, stock, and stone.” Tbey bought fruit very liberally, and numbers of baskets at thirty-five cents apiece. They ransacked the town for novelties, and, having found many, examined them, made all necessary inquiries, and said, “How strange!" and went off at ease. They entered with great spirit into the gossip of the place, and came away with many Indian family troubles on their minds to work out in the calm of the voyage on the other side of the isthmus.
The men did quite as well. The glasses at the bars gave out a prosperous tinkling all along the line of shops, and the perfume of the strange liquid of Angostura filled the air. They, too, purchased fruit and annoyed the shopkeepers, and it was not until the honest spendthrift dogs remembered dinnertime that the sprinkle of dimes and halfdimes in Aspinwall came to an end.
But the passengers had done really one good stroke of business with the uninformed and miscalculating natives. They had bought large sums of silver dollars at eighty-five cents each with their greenbacks; and sil. ver had been worth almost that in New York on the day they left. The quiet joy that al. ways comes with a good achievement spread through the ship, and the jangle of money was heard everywhere as the proud possessors turned it gently over and over in their hands.
The Intelligent Lady heard of the bargains, and she said: “But instead of paying you in American dollars, which are worth, of course, one hundred cents, they have given you Peruvian dollars, which are reckoned at eighty only in San Francisco."
How many curious ways there are of getting square !
ALBERT F. WEBSTER.
But in some black chink and wee
bards they are, in the truest sense of the Of soine old fireside creep
term-preserve a degree of beauty and power To sleep, and wake, and sleep,
which affords a very high idea of what they By the great log's yellow glee,
are in the original. And slowly find, no doubt,
The word “popular" is especially approAll the family-secrets out.
priate when applied to these poems, for they
have all been made and preserved by the peo“From the hearth-fire's viewless fail I can see the spark-chaff fly,
ple at large. All through the creary centuEre that ashy film and pale
ries of Turkish oppression the fire of inspiraFurs the embers by-and-by.
tion burned among the down-trodden Serbs How much better taste have I
with undiminished power. In lonely moun. Than my relative, the Snail,
tain-valleys, wherever they were secure from Toasting here, as fate appoints,
the brutal Janizary's wanton assaults, bands My extravagant hip-join's !
of men would meet, and recite or chant long,
heroic poems, telling of noble deeds their an. “ Hear the clock's quick tick, above
cestors had wrought in earlier days. EspeEven the bitter north-wind's roar;
cially did they love to dwell on the valor and Hear old grandma, like a dove, Coo her surreptitious snore ;
might of the great Servian prince Stephan Hear the lovers laugh-and more,
Dushan, who subjugated all the neighboring See the lovers making love!
provinces, overthrew the terrible Bulgarians, And hear the purr of that
and forced the Greek Empire itself to sue Tawny Sybarite, our cat !
humbly for peace. These poetic traditions
of their former greatness helped to keep alive, “How I hearken, while I bask,
through all their later degradation and misTo the hum the kettle makes!
ery, the spirit which burst out so fiercely in In his dull prosaic task
the first years of our century, winning and How much merriment he takes !
rewinning for the Servian people the liberty Ah, for me that kettle makes
their ancestors had lost.
The Servian language, which compre-
hends, in its widest sense, the dialects of
Servia proper, Bosnia, Herzegovina, DalmaWhy does Mary grow so pink
tia, Montenegro, Slavonia, and part of CroaIf she has not had a kiss?
tia, is by far the softest and most musical It is fine, you lovers think,
of the four great branches of Slavic speech. To be making love like this.
From the appearance of its words when writYet a pleasant blaze, I wis,
ten, it might not unnaturally be thought, not. And a cozy little chink,
withstanding the fact just mentioned, far from Bring quite as much content To the cricket temperament !
euphonious. But, when it is remembered
that many apparently formidable combina“ While the golden-rods, in seas,
tious occurring in such words really stand Plume the lanes and dales with gold, for simple sounds which we spell in a differ. While a glory smites the trees,
ent way, a large proportion of the difficulty And the sumach-leaves burn bold, vanishes. For example, the seemingly upIn my longing heart. I hold
pronounceable term Rjekawicz merely repreThese, and pictures like to these,
sents what we would spell Reākavich. In Waiting days more bleak and drear,
fact, the Servian is a very harmonious lanThat my fireside voice can cheer!
guage, while its softness in sound does not "Oh, for winds of solemn tune,
prevent its possessing an abundance of force Oh, for chilly-lighted skies !
and power. These lingual ad ges have Since she cannot die too soon,
certainly contributed very much to the excel. Oh, too slow the Summer dies!” lence of its popular poetry. Now in just this dreamy wise,
The history of that poetry is somewhat On an Autumn afternoon,
reinarkable. Pieces of more than ordinary If your faith be good and strong, merit, being preserved orally through succes. You can hear the cricket's song.
sive ages, had contributed to form a great EDGAR FAWCETT. unwritten collection, which the most skillful
singers or “rhapsodists,” and especially the
older men in each generation, were able to sing SERVIAN POPULAR or recite at full length. In the mean time, alPOETRY.
though works on law, philosophy, rhetoric, theology, etc., had been produced by Servian
scholars, of whom the number was not exHEN the French poet Mérimée and tremely small even in the days of Turkisb tyr.
the English poet Owen Meredith pub- anny, yet the treasures of their national poe. lished their volumes of professed translations try remained unwritten. Indeed, the very lanof Servian popular poetry, the reason given, guage in which they were clothed—the mod. by those most competent to judge, for doubt- ern Servian-was looked upon by the cultiing the anthenticity of both works was the vated portion of the race with unqualified fact that they are far below real Servian poe. contempt, and considered unfit for any thing try in beauty, purity, and strength. And the but conversations between “cowberds and high tribute to that poetry which this circum- swineherds.” The dialect employed in all stance involves is by no means undeserved. literary undertakings was the Old or Church Even in the diluted form of a translation the Slavic, an ancient form of Servian which was productions of the South-Slavic bards-for | used by the early fathers of the Greek Church.
6 By the mist-empurpled skies,
By the red leaves lying sear, I know that Summer dies
In the lands that held her dear.
And with his sparkling spear,
Snowy-bearded Winter speeds
" Oh, the days will shortly be
When here I must not cheer,
Not until the beginning of the present cen- Go, my dearest soul, and go straight forward. | tious personages. But all show more or less of
Thou wilt find a hedge-surrounded garden ; tury were any persistent efforts to rescue the
the same fire and force, the same boldness of
Thou wilt find a rose-bush in the garden. true Servian language of to-day from its de.
fancy, combined with the greatest beauty and
Pluck a little branch from off the rose-bush, graded position made by any one. And that
Place it on thy heart within thy bosom.
gracefulness in expression. Not a few consuch an effort was at last made and carried Even as that red rose will be fading.
tain images drawn from the old mythological to a successful conclusion, in spite of a vio.
Even so my heart, love, will be fading.'"
and superstitious notions still half credited lent opposition, is due almost entirely to one
Regular rhymes are not a feature of these in the wildest mountain-districts—such fig. man-Vuk Stephanowicz Karadshicz, or, as poems; but rhymes frequently occur, and
ures as the Vjashtitzi, or veiled women, whose we would say, Wolf, Stephen's son, the Ka- the following short piece, turned into an
visits brought death and sorrow into house. radshian. Vuk, as he is commonly called, English stanza partly in rhyme, will serve
holds; or the Vila, a mountain fairy, some. who was born in 1786, combated all the old. to illustrate such cases, as well as to show
what like the German Rübezahl, fashioned prejudices on this subject which the arch humor which is often found in The most frequent singers of these beroic prevailed arnong his Servian fellow-scholars the woman-songs :
songs are old blind men, strikingly like our with such energy and enthusiasm that he at
idea of Homer. One of these blind and aged
66 ST. GEORGE'S DAY. last established the spoken language of his
bards, named Philip, sang before Tchupich, country in a position of honor and esteem. * To St. George's Day the maiden prayed: one of Czerny George's bravest captains, a Having given the world an admirable Servian
Com'st thou again, dear St. George's Day,
stirring poem, composed by the singer, on
Find me not here, by my mother dear, dictionary and grammar, as well as several
Or be it wed, or be it dead !
the battle of Salasb, where Tchupich had led other valuable works of a similar character, But, rather than dead, I would be wed.'" his countrymen to victory over the Turks. he next turned his attention to the poetry of
Philip was then rewarded by the Servian sol. his people. Some knowledge as to this field
Another song tells of two young lovers
dier with a splendid white horse, of the no. of hidden treasure had already been de
wbo, being forced apart by their parents, ble Herzegovinian breed, just as the bards rived, in Western Europe, from a few specidied at the same time, and were buried to
of the ancient heroes were repaid for their mens which an Italian traveler in Dalmatia gether :
lays in honor of their patrons. had obtained from the Morlach mountain- “Little time had passed since they were buried; It is absolutely impossible to preserve eers of that country. And Herder and Goe- O'er the youth sprang up a verdant pine-tree, even a fair degree of the grandeur and beau
O'er the maid a bush with sweet red roses; the, guided by their keen poetic instincts,
ty of these heroic pieces in a mere transla
Round the pine-tree winds itself the rose-bush, had immediately given these fragments to As the silk around a bunch of flowers."
tion, as any one may imagine who has comtheir countrymen in a German dress, trans
pared Homer's own lines with those of his lating them from a French version of the
But some of the woman-songs are in a best translator. Yet it may be not entirely traveler's Italian. But when Vuk, in 1815, very different vein. They take a thoroughly
useless to present one or two short extracts published his first two volumes of Servian realistic view of marital relations, and indi.
even in this weakened sbape. The following poem-songs," gathered from the people,
cate that in Servia, as elsewhere, husbands lines, in which ravens bring ominous tidings just as the brothers Grimm collected their and wives are not always “married lovers."
of the fierce battle of Mishar, must serve to famous German “Kinder- und Hausmärchen,” The following piece presents a comically ex
exemplify the wild, free imagery with which the wbole literary world of Europe was enaggerated picture of a lady who, it is clear,
tbey abound: thusiastic in their praise. Translations of
has her own notions as to "the subjection the work, more or less complete, quickly apof women :
"Flying came a pair of coal-black ravens,
Far away from the broad field of Mishar, peared in the languages of various other
Far from Shabatz, from the high white fortress; countries, and the verdict in their favor was
" Come, companion, let us burry,
Bloody were their beaks unto the eyelids, universal. Two more volumes soon followed
That we may be early home,
Bloody were their talons to the ankles. those first published ; and, though several
For my mother-in-law is cross.
And they flew along the fertile Machva, similar works were afterward issued by dif
Only yes treen she accused me,
Waded swiftly through the billowy Drina,
Journeyed onward through high-honored Beania, ferent persons, Vuk's collection is still con
When, poor soul, I had not touched bim,
'Lighting down upon the hateful border, sidered the best of all.
Only bade him wash the dishes,
Right within the accursed town of Vakop, Servian popular poetry is divided into
And he wouldn't wash the dishes;
On the dwelling of the Captain Kulin; two great classes : the shenske pjesme, or
Threw, then, at his head the pitcher,
'Lighting down, and croaking as they 'lighted."
Knocked a hole in head and pitcher. woman-songs," and the junachke pjesme, or
Another short extract may show, in some
For the head, I dou't mind that much; “hero - songs." The woman - songs are so
But I do care for the pitcher,
measure, the tenderness and delicacy which called because they are almost invariably
As I paid for it right dearly
arc noticeable in the passages describing beat
Paid for it with one wild-apple, made by women. They are usually short
tiful women :
Yes, and a half of one besides it." pieces, and are sung without any instrumen
“Never did a lovelier floweret blossom tal accompaniment. They relate to incidents The hero-songs are true epics. They are Than the floweret in our own days bloomingof domestic life, and are nearly always char- made by men alone, are chanted rather than Haikuna, the lovely maiden-flower. acterized by a natural and very beautiful ex- sung, and correspond very closely to the be
White her cheeks, but tinged with rosy blosbes,
As if morning's beam had shone upon them, pression of feeling, unrestrained by conven- roic poems of ancient Greece.
Till that beam had reached its high meridian. tionalities and untrammeled by the require. jects are frequently the great deeds of Ser. And her eyes were like two precious jewels; ments of more polished verse. There is about vian kings and warriors. The victories of And her flaxen braids were silken tassels; them much the same pure, unconscious pa- Tzar Stephan Dushan, the sad fate of Tzar
And her teeth were pearls arranged in order;
White her bosom, like two snowy dovelets; thos, alternating with outbursts of unalloyed Lazar on the bloody field of Kossovo, and
And her voice was like the dovelets' cooing, joyousness, that shows itself in a little other notable events in the mediæval history And her smile was like the sunshine glowing." child's laughter and tears. The love-songs of Servia, form the themes of a large num
Some Servian poets of a more artistic are especially tender and poetical. One of ber; while some, of more modern origin, tell
kind have appeared during the present centhese, given in Vuk's collection, has been of that wild and stormy strife in which, led by very literally translated into English, as
tury. Their works give promise of very honCzerny George, the long-despised Servians exfollows in part:
orable achievements by their successors in a tirpated the dreadful Janizaries, and hurled the Turkish and Bosnian armies out of their
riper era ; and some-such as the “Serbianland. Others refer to the second modern ka," an heroic poem by Milutinowicz-have “ To white Buda, to white-castled Buda,
been translated into several foreign tongues. Clings the vine-tree, cling the vive-tree branchstruggle for liberty, wben, under Prince Mi
But none of these more polished productions losh, they won back nearly all the Turks had Not the vine-tree is it with its branches; been enabled, by internal quarrels among
are comparable to the strictly popular poetrs, No, it is a pair of faithful lovers.
and the latter undoubtedly marks the highFrom their early youth they were betrothed;
the followers of Czerny George, to tear from Now they are compelled to part, untimely. the latter's grasp.
est limit yet attained by the Servian muse.
Many, also, are about the One addressed the other at their parting: deeds and sufferings of less-noted or of ficti.
W. W. CRANE
sale of liquor, but to restrict excesses among cipation, which we should say sometimes is EDITOR'S TABLE. the people in eating and drinking.
and sometimes is not the case; and he asserts Extravagance is another tremendous evil that ten thousand current mistakes about E are asked, in view of our recent com- -an evil to those who indulge in it, and to men and tbings have been exploded by a
ments on state interference, whether the whole people as an example of waste and mere alteration of dress, of fo:m, of cerewe do not believe the education of the people self-indulgence. It is no new notion in the mony, of habit-all of which may be true, yet to be a great national advantage, and, this be- pbilosophy of government that expenditure one sees it but vaguely. The main argument ing true, whether it is not incumbent upon the in apparel and display in jewels or other or- of this writer, however, is that women's state to exact of every citizen the education naments are matters legitimately within the beauty is altogether superior to the influof his children. control of the state.
ences of adornment or disfigurement—that We hope we have just as high an esti- Where shall we stop?
It is not easy,
she, in fact, gives grace to rather than demate of the importance of general education indeed, to find a limit to the duties of gov. rives it from the arts of the milliner or the as that of the most zealous believer in com- ernment, if we concede that, because a con- dress-maker. “In long skirts or short,” we. pulsory attendance at schools. But are we summation is devoutly wished, therefore the are told, “in spare skirts or hoops, in bonto understand that, because a thing is of power of the state should be stretched forth
nets mighty or imperceptible in size, mounindisputable public advantage, therefore it to enforce it.
tainous or absolutely fiat, the result is al is the business of the state to employ its As to public education by the state, there ways the same the native grace and charm power and its resources to bring it about? are, it is true, a good many reasons to be make beautiful the fashion. The satirist is If this is the logic of our questioner, let us urged in its defense. But no government always prophesying that woman hus spoilt look into it a little and see what it means, can be in advance of its time in this particu- | herself at last, but presently she overmasters
There can be no doubt that religious lar. A general system of public education the change and is more lovely tban before.” training transcends in importance every thing is only possible when the public sentiment is It is probably often true that the lovelielse. Not only is pious and moral living of ripe for it; and when this is the case this ness of woman cannot be extinguished by the first consideration in regard to the wel. public sentiment would be tolerably sure in the unbecoming devices of fashion, but it is fare of people here, but also in regard to good time to accomplish unaided all that the a bold thing to say that her native graces their welfare in the great unknown beyond state would fain perform. Government has and charms do not suffer therefrom. If it this " bank and shoal of time." If because done so much to embarrass, restrict, confuse, were true that they did not, then becoming a thing is of universal importance govern- mislead, arrest, and paralyze, that, even if it and unbecoming would be meaningless terms ment is entitled to interfere for its promo- be true that it has done good in this one in the vocabulary of fashion; the art of contion, then the state must be permitted to thing of public education, there still re- trast, of adjustment, of harmony of colors, enforce religious faith and pious living. Con- mains a formidable indictment against it for of the relation of tints to the complexion, of gress should under this view found churches the evils of its interference; and so altogeth- form and proportion, would have no existeven before it establishes schools.
er we for our part prefer it should learn to ence. The fact is, that many fashions are so Cleanliness is next to godliness. The keep its hands off.
detestably ugly that only very beautiful moral and physical welfare of the whole peo
women succeed in maintaining their grace ple largely depends upon their habits of clean- That puzzling line in “ Macbeth " which and charm under the adverse conditions im. liness and order. Foulness is not only an declares “ that nothing is, but what is not,” | posed upon them. Women sometimes retain injury to him who indulges in it, but, inas- has a certain elucidation in the vagaries their beauty despite the fashion, but it is much as it breeds sickness, and is the fruit- of the critical mind. There are always only a truism to say that every one of them ful cause of epidemics, whoever is guilty those who are enabled to discover the evil suffers more or less by the senseless decrees endangers the life and health of all others. in every good thing; but, fortunately, there of the tyrant to whom each submits. Clearly, then, as cleanliness intimately con- are also those who are ever equal to the task There is one noteworthy point to be decerns the safety of all, the state may inter- of discovering the good in every thing evil. | duced from the argument we have quoted. Er. fere to enforce it—not merely by punishing Among the minor manifestations of human ery one lias been surprised in looking back at those who throw filtb into the streets, or perversity, ugly fashions in dress might be old portraits, paintings, or engravings, at the compelling those who live in close dens to supposed to have no defenders--that is, after many frightful fashions, under the dominion undergo fumigation—which the state now at. they have ceased to be fashions. We all of which beauty seems to disappear alto. tempts—but by dictating how often we shall know with wbat eagerness ugly devices for gether. Women with scant skirts, with their bathe, and compelling every one to wear a the adornment, so called, of the human waists close under their armpits, and over. clean shirt. Under this rule the wretches in frame will be adopted, and with what enthu shadowed by wide-spread sails called bon. our streets, so foul with rags and filth, would siasm they for a time are defended; but nets, inpress one as fantastic caricatures. disappear; but whether we are to submit to commonly ugly old fashions are without re- And yet these very women were admired, a general supervisory regulation as to our spect or honor. An English writer, however, loved, fought for, worshiped, and won. It is dress and personal habits, even to serve so has ingeniously found a defense for all fash. not enough to say that their fashions of dress excellent a consummation as this, may very ions, ugly or otherwise. He thinks that a good did not look absurd in the eyes of the cavawell be questioned.
paper might be written in defense of fashion liers of the time. Why did they not? BeTemperance in both eating and drinking as an agency of intellectual progress and as a cause of the insensibility of the observers ? is indispensable to the general welfare. We safeguard against error and superstition. He Not in the least; but because the native know there are probibition laws in some is of the opinion that the wits who have charms of the wearer, the fashing exe, the places in regard to the sale of liquor; but if wasted powder and shot on the subject of the rising color of the cheek, the dazzling smile, we admit the principle that the public or changes of fashion are in truth advocates of the fascination of manner and voice-things general nature of a desired end sanctions the a moral slavery much more detrimental than which disappear from the painted image-all interposition of government, then the state the wildest vagaries of change. He is con. these were there to charm, to captivate, and may take upon itself not only to regulate the fident that a new fashion is a work of eman. to partially overcome the great drawback of