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listening to the melodies of Meyerbeer, Liszt, | surely the cone-shaped hills, spotted with vil- We visit the National Museum to salute Chopin, Rubinstein, Rossini, and Gounod, as las, and the more distant mountains purpling the Bacchus, the dying Adonis, the Victory, rendered by the numerous and well-trained in the sunset, play no mean part in the grand the Holy Family, the Brutus, and the Mask, Florence Orchestral Society, two short but painting before us, combined work of Nature his first work. Nor can we pass the San Loeuphonious “ madrigals," sung by a choral and man!

renzo Church without entering, to see again society, reminded us that the great sculptor As night settles down upon the scene, the marvelous Medicis Monuments, where the was also a poet, whose verses were set to mu- gradually the crowd disperses, some to assem- Penseroso sits, ever celebrating, with his sic by contemporary composers.

ble later at the syndic's invitation in the Ric-grand, unequaled pathos, the genius of the one See the banners borne by art-lovers through cardi Palace (the still brilliant frescoes of who imagined and carved so unearthly a face. the historical streets of Florence, till they stop which yet bear witness to the genius of one of The day ends, and relaxation from the sereverently before the Buonarotti Palace, while Michael Angelo's predecessors in art, Benozzo rious thoughts and studies of the morning's the bronze bust of its once distinguished occu- Gozzoli), and others to the more democratic exhibition is found in the gay rooms of the pant is unveiled with due ceremony, and thus printers' banquet in the illuminated gardens Casino, where, even in the midst of music and begins its life of adornment to the door through of the Florentine Tivoli.

dancing, the hero is not forgotten, and the which Michael Angelo was wont to pass, as- But the place where the great sculptor is “ Michael Angelo" is constantly heard. cending to his tiny retreat and desk, from most truly honored is the Academy of Fine On the third day of the féte is the session over which the face of Vittoria Colonna looked Arts, where, in a circular hall, stands the of the Academia della Crusca e delle Belle down encouragingly upon him. Again the original David, brought thither from its former Arti. In the midst of the ball formerly used banners move, and the eager populace follows position near the Palazzo Vecchio. In a wing as the Senate-Chamber sits the Prince of Cauntil the whits façade of Santa Croce gleams on the right are the three statues by Michael rignano (representative of the king at this upon them, and crowding the piazza, ascend- Angelo from the tomb of Julius II.-Moses, time in Florence), while around him, on the ing the steps, the hero-worshipers enter the Rachel, and Leah-while on the left are plas- platform and in the hall, are the literati of cemetery-church, sacred from the artist-hands ter-casts of his principal works sent from the Florence and Italy. The aged Gino Capponi, that painted its walls, and tbe noble Italian cities which possess them.

The St. John, the poet Aleardi, the biographer Aurelio Gotti; dust it contains-Westminster Abbey of Flor- said to have been one of his earliest statues, princes, painters, and sculptors, are here. De ence, but the day before its portals had un- and to have remained unrecognized in the Pes- Fabris, Augusto Conti, and the sculptor Duclosed to receive the remains of the distin- calmini Palace at Pisa until recently, occupies pré, speak in studied and thoughtful words guished historian and patriot, Carlo Botta; and an honorable position, although believed by their praise of the hero. Then, remembering to-day foot - worn bronze and marble - mitred many to have been ratber the work of Mino another of Italy's great lights, to the study of ones lying so peacefully on the hard pave- da Fiesole. In the small bass-relief of the whose works Michael Angelo owed so much, ment, their hands crossed over their emotion- Academia Ligustica, called the Pietà, the Ma- at the syndic's invitation, the house occupied less breasts, might have raised their heads in donna holds with great tenderness in her arms by Dante in Florence is visited by all. In the wonder at the ardent words pronounced by a head of ist, beautiful in its holy, deathly evening Florence eclipses itself. Fountains of Italians and strangers, as wreaths of silver rest. Opposite, in the Sacred Family, the light appear on the slopes of the ascents to and laurel were hung upon the tomb of one original of which is in the National Museum the various promenades and gardens around who let people believe and pray as they would, of Florence, the somewhat Leonardo-da-Vinci- the city, which gleam with colored lamps of while he worked out his own great religious like expression of the Madonna's face attracts white, red, and green, hanging from verandas, thoughts in stone!

a closer study in a position and light so favor- pagodas, and frameworks of various device; Again moves the procession and its accom- able. One of the most beautiful of all is the outlines of the towers and chief buildings panying crowd, and this time more gayly, for, “The Prisoner,” from the Louvre. His head are designed with rows of glistening lights; all sad rites fulfilled to mortality, it has now rests against his uplifted arm, while face and on every hill-top, even distant elevated points, only the soul and intellect to houor. Over the attitude express hopeless, despairing resigna- are flames and illuminations. Arno, across the Ponte delle Grazio, gradually tion. In contrast is the Christ with his cross, Fiesole shows a colossal, transparent, and it comes winding up the zigzag, flower-graced from the Church of the Minerva at Rome, the brilliant representation of the sculptor's chefavenues that lead to the Piazzale Michel An- face divine and ardent, while the muscles and d'ouvre, and, mingling with all these fairygelo, where already favored ones are waiting, form, as seen from behind, are more like those like but lesser lights, the moon sends down in loggia and inclosure, and bands are playing, of a Hercules. It is the Christ god-man. The her brightest, clearest rays. Thousands of while David, in bronze, fitting representative celebrated group of the Pietà from St. Peter's people, citizens, Italians, strangers, ascend on of the one from whose brain he sprang, armed can be seen in the fine cast here (the gift of foot or in long lipes of carriages to the Piazzale with youthful, inspired force, and royal power the pope) at great advantage, and one realizes of Michael Angelo, while the bands play, and to command or to conquer, stands absorbed in more than ever its beauty. The city of Bru- the trattoni ecbo with merriment. the blow he is about to send, which shall free ges has sent a Madonna and Child, the mother Thus Genius and Work, though four hun. his people! So, once on these same heights, somewhat rigid in expression, but the Infant dred years have passed, bring reverence, and the sculptor - patrio: worked, uprearing de- superhuman in its head and face.

all the people rejoice. fenses, eager for his beloved Florence. And We enter now the long exhibition-room, To-day the “Requiem Mass" of Verdi, now come those who will not forget one of where, eclipsed and neglected for a time, hang written for Manzoni, but repeated now for one his many great deeds, but who, while the old the dear old Peruginos, Ghirlandajos, Botti- who needs no prayers, kas waked, in the hearts Guelph banner of the Florentine Republic cellis, and others of the same period, but we of all who heard its satisfying, exquisite waves from the highest tower of San Miniato, stop with the crowd before the “Fortuna” by strains, a deeper confidence in the immortality in eloquent discourse, recall to the people the Michael Angelo; before his portrait, before a that follows death, in the ever advancement power of the hero's genius and will. Through drawing from his tirst picture painted at fifteen of an earnest, quickened spirit, and in the inthe lips of Meissonier and Charles Blanc, France years old; before small models of his works ; finite love of him who can create such power speaks out its praise of this great Italian ar- before his marble bust, surrounded with a and give it life!

C. L. W. tist and patriot; oor are Belgium, Denmark, silver wreath ; another in bronze, garlanded Sweden, or Greece, wanting in representatives with laurel; and a glass case containing many who join in the same strain. And now the richly-bound and decorated volumes, and tes

OUR LONDON LETTER. lamps are lighted, shining out amid the ban- timonials for the occasion, sent by societies Who is "M. H. B.?" I'm afraid I'm ners and filed ranks that occupy the square, from other places and lands.

showing awful ignorance in asking the questowered over by the copy of the sculptor's An adjoining smaller room is devoted to

tion, but what has the lady written to make David. Below, the Florence-adorned plain, photographs of his drawings and designs.

our Hornet go into such rapture over her ? through which the Arno flows, reflecting the The walls are hung with Braun's photographs

That paper—it is edited by Mr. Joseph Hatsilver lights along its banks, and from its of his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel, among

ton, the author of “The Tallants of Barton" quaint bridges. There is the fortress-like old which are seen several large cartoons from Na

-has secured her as a contributor, and with palace, with its high, medieval tower, where ples. On both sides of the glass case, in the

this grand flourish of trumpets does it anhangs the bell, silent, except for extraordinary centre, are contributions to this collection

nounce the fact : occasions, but that to-day has rung many a from Sienna, Queen Victoria, the British Mu

“M. H. B. peal! There is the beautiful Duomo, whose seum, the Museum of Oxford, the Louvre, “Since Manhattan' wrote those startling cupola shadowed forth the mightier one of Lille, and Weimar. There is enough to study letters for the English Standard, which did so Rome, and near it the casket-like tower of for weeks, but we must hurry through it, as

much for the circulation of that journal, no

American writer has appeared with pen so Giotto ! The very buildings of the famous the crowd is pressing, and there is still much

bright or wit so keen as M. H. B. Her papers city seem to wish to add, by graceful archi- to see and do in these festal days so richly are just now the gems of journalistic literature tectural effects, to the beauty of the fete, and filled with intellectual pleasures.

in the States, and many of her sparkling mots

64

and anecdotes are reprinted in the Wit and the scenes will, no doubt, go down immensely convince our readers that an indorsement of Humor' columns of English newspapers. with us—that in wbich the stage is made to them in these columns would be a retraction of

" We have made arrangements with M. H. B. for a series of special articles on American

represent a huge bird-cage, with women as many and decided opivions already expressed. Life, Manners, and Customs. The tirst will birds perching.

Although earnestly advocating all the just. appear next week. It will be devoted to the Flamingo; or, the Rook and the Cause" claims of science, and convinced that no progconsideration of

(mark the play upon words), is the title of a ress can be assured which is not marked by AMERICAN INVENTIONS, INDIANS, AND A

“musical folly” by Messrs. Frederick Hay an increase of scientific knowledge, we ytt SPIRIT BABY."

and Frank W. Green, two gentlemen who have believe that voluntary effort and organization A Byron Club is on the point of being done a good deal of literary work for the the- are and will be sufficient for the promotion of started over here. “Members of the Hellenic atres, the one as a farce, the other as a panto- this end. Community in London,” and “English Phil- mime, writer. “Flamingo" is founded on In order that the reader may better comprehellenes," will both be admissible. The ob- Goudinet's comedy. “Gavard, Minard, et hend the actual character of the recommenda. jects of the club, to quote one of the resolu- Cie.,” has been placed upon the boards of the tions of the Royal Commission, a word as to tions carried nem. con. at the preliminary Little Strand, and bids fair to become a com- the present aid rendered by the English Gormeeting, “ will be to commemorate the genius | parative success. The best portions of the ernment to the cause of science and scientific of Lord Byron and his generous and heroic ex- absurdity are the songs and the music. The research may be in plaoe. From recent reports ertions for the liberation and regeneration of latter is merry and catching, and the acting it appears that over one and a quarter million Greece, and to cultivate the growth and fru- of Messrs. Terry and Cox (who play the two dollars are annually voted by that governition of patriotism in Greeks and Philhellen- partners), and Miss Lottie Venne, and Miss ment in support of scientific surveys. To this ism in Englishmen, and of mutual amity be- Angelina Claude, is as funny as need be. may be added fifty thousand dollars annually tween the two nations." Worthy objects, The piece makes one laugh---that is about all appropriated to the Royal Society for conductsurely!

you can say for it; and that, doubtless, is ing the Meteorological Office, and one hundred Mr. George Grove, the editor of Macmillan's about all the authors expected any one to say and seventy thousand dollars additional for Magazine, is just now busily engaged-and has for it.

general scientific purposes. Thus we have an been engaged for a long time past-on a dic- English operatic performances at the Prin- annual expenditure by the English Governtionary of music. It will not be an ordinary cess's, under the direction of Mr. Carl Rosa, ment of nearly one and a half million dollars dictionary, for, besides explanations of techni- now a London attraction. The company for the encouragement of scientific research. cal terms, etc., it will contain articles on the an excellent one, including Rose Hersee, And yet the commissioners, whose report is life, labors, and works, of both living and dead Blanche Cole, Mademoiselle Torriani, Mr. here given, introduce it with the statement composers. Mr. Grove is just the man to ac- Santley, Aynsley Cook, Campobello, etc. On that this sum is manifestly inadequate. As complish the task he has set himself. It is the first night “Le Nozze di Figaro" was the recommendations and conclusions of the not very many months ago, you may remem- given, Miss Hersee sustaining Susanna, and commission will doubtless be nade the text ber, since he retired from the secretaryship of Mr. Santley Figaro. “Faust” has also been for many home appeals, and will probably lead the Crystal Palace to become a partner in the played. However successful the performances

to wide discussion with us as to what our govfirm of Macmillan. Previously, he had been may turn out, they cannot be continued for ernment should or should not attempt in the secretary to the Society of Arts.

long, for a few weeks hence Mr. Joe Jefferson behalf of science, we reproduce them here : One of our most popular novelists—Mr. R. will put in an appearance at the Princess's as D. Blackmore, whose “ Alice Lorraine" is in

“1. The assistance given by the state for Rip Van Winkle.

the promotion of scientific research is inadeits fifth edition--has just lost a most eccentric Mr. F. C. Burnand (whose “ Happy quate, and it does not appear that the concesbrother. This gentleman had changed his Thoughts” are among the funniest things sion or refusal of assistance takes place upon name to Tuberville, and was always making ever written) and Lord Dunraven have collab

sufficiently well-defined principles. wills. He died from taking cyanide of potas

" 2. More complete means are urgently reorated. They are about to bring out a bur

quired for scientitic investigations in connecsium while in an unsound state of mind. There lesque together at the Opéra Comique—which, tion with certain government departments : is sure to be a law-case over his wills; he has by-the-way, is his lordship's own theatre. and physical as well as other laboratories and executed seven of them, all in favor of differ- The noble earl's “narrative of travels in the apparatus for such investigations ought to be ent persons-one of the persons being Mr. Upper Yellowstone," "The Great Divide,"

provided. Charles Bradlaugh, the atheistic lecturer,

63. Important classes of phenomena relatwill soon be published. It will be illustrated

ing to physical meteorology, and to terrestrial The best dramatic critic in London, Mr. by Mr. Valentine Bromley, an Adonis (in and astronomical physics, require observations Dutton Cook-he's the critic of the Pall Mall looks) of an artist, and who, a little while ago, of such a character that they cannot be advanGazetto-has a new novel nearly ready for the in pursuit of his vocation, was traveling among

tageously carried on otherwise than under the press. It will be called “ Banns of Marriage.” your Rocky Mountains with a New York con

direction of the government.

“ Institutions for the study of such plieMr. Brinley Richards, the well-known com- tingent at his back.

nomena should be maintained by the governposer—“God bless the Prince of Wales” is “The Shaughraun ” continues to draw ment; and, in particular, an observatory should his-is also engaged on a book-one on our wonderfully well—and no wonder, seeing that be founded specially devoted to astronomical national music. Mr. Browning, too, is busy. all our critics have gone into ecstasies over it.

physics, and an organization should be estabHe is at Villois-sur-Mer, revising his forthcom- Messrs. Chatterton and Boucicault are said to

lished for the more complete observation of

tidal phenomena and for the reduction of the ing poem. Though in his sixty-third year, be clearing five hundred pounds each, weekly, observations. he has plenty of work in him yet. So, for by it. Well, they deserve to do so, for both “4. We have stated, in a previous report, that matter, has Tennyson, who is three years before and behind the curtain “Old Drury" that the national collections of natural history older. is just now being managed admirably.

are accessible to private investigators, and

that it is desirable that they should be made The paragraph that has been going the

WILL WILLIAMS.

still more useful for purposes of research than round of your contemporaries in regard to

they are at present. We would now express Poe's “Politian" is not quite correct. The

the opinion that corresponding aid ought to bas

be afforded to persons engaged in important been found. There's a hiatus, unfortunately,

; The first scene of the fourth act is missing, as

whenever practicable, such persons should be

allowed access, under proper limitations, to well as thirty-seven other lines. A really re

THE
“Royal Commission on Scientific In-

such laboratories as may be established or markable manuscript it is. As plain as print, struction and the Advancement of Science" aided by the state. there are hardly any corrections. It shows in England have at last completed their labors

“5. It has been the practice to restrict how fluent a writer Poe was. Mr. Ingram, the and embodied the results in eight special re

grants of money made to private investigators

for purposes of research to the expenditure actpossessor of it, thinks it was written in 1831– ports, the last of which has now reached us.

ually incurred by them. We think that such that is, fourteen years before the " Scenes" The service rendered by this commission is grants might be considerably increased. We were first published.

one of more than local significance and inter- are also of opinion that the restriction to which We shall shortly have a grand spectacular est, and the questions which they were called

we have referred, however desirable, as a genpiece at the Queen's Theatre - nothing less upon to answer will doubtless be soon mooted

eral rule, should not be maintained in all cases, than a translation of Offenbach's “ La Chatte in our own State and national Legislatures. For proper safeguards, investigators should be re

but that, under certain circumstances, and with Blanche,” which is now creating such a furore this reason we are prompted to notice this last munerated for their time and labor. at the Paris Gaieté. This play, the announce- report at a somewhat greater length than is "6. The grant of one thonsand pounds, ments tell us, will be “bodily transferred to our custom when reviewing general scientific

administered by the Royal Society, has conthe house in question " with all its decora- topics. A critical examination of the follow

tributed greatly to the promotion of research,

and the amount of this grant may with ad. tions, music, scenery, and ballets, exactly as ing" conclusions and recommendations," with

vantage be considerably increased. given on the Parisian stage.” At least one of which the commission close their labors, will “In the case of researches which involve,

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Miscellany.

DURING

the past three years (writes a con

and are of sufficient importance to deserve, years, have failed to discover a single well-au- { are of no avail cement is often called into requiexceptional expenditure, direct grants, in ad- thenticated case of sudden change in the color sition, the heating and cooling of which is a dition to the annual grant made to the Royal

of human hair. This announcement will doubtSociety, should be made in aid of the investi

work of time and special skill. With a view gations.

less be received with question by many among of compassing the same result by simple and “7. The proper allocation of funds for re- our readers, who, if they have no personal ex- effective means, the application of electricity search; the establishment and extension of perience to relate which conflicts with it, think has been suggested. For this purpose it is laboratories and observatories; and, general- they are in the possession of trustworthy inforly, the advancement of science and the promo

proposed to use a special chuck, which can be tion of scientific instruction as an essential

mation on the subject, and who are convinced magnetized or demagnetized at pleasure. This part of public education, would be most effect- that they have positive knowledge regarding at chuck, when placed in the lathe, is connected ually dealt with by a ministry of science and least one case where, either from grief or fright, with a battery, and the disk to be polished is education. And we consider the creation of the hair turned suddenly gray. It is with a then brought in contact with it, and held there such a ministry to be of primary importance. “68. The various departments of the gov

view of assisting in the establishment or cor- by magnetic attraction. In order to release ernment have from time to time referred scien

rection of this widely-popular belief that we the disk it is only needed to break the contific questions to the Council of tbe Royal So- are induced to request, from any who may be tact, when it drops off of its own weight. ciety for its advice, and we believe that the interested in the subject, direct communicawork of a minister of science, even if aided

tion, which will be duly acknowledged and by a well-organized scientific staff, and also the work of the other departments, would be

given the prominence that it may merit. materially assisted if they were able to obtain,

We recently listened to a startling narrative in all cases of exceptional importance or diffi- of one who, having recovered from a trance, culty, the advice of a council representing the found herself inclosed in a coffin ; breaking scientific knowledge of the nation. “ This council should represent the chief

from this, she ent red the dismal chambers scientitic bodies in the United Kingdom. With

of the family vault, from which she was forthis view, its composition need not differ very tunately rescued, but not until her hair had tions in a number of somewhat out-of-the way greatly from that of the present Government turned gray. So ran the story, told by one

grave-yards, and have derived no little enterGrant Committee of the Royal Society. It who evidently believed it, and whose state

tainment, both from the inscriptions themmight consist of men of science selected by the Council of the Royal Society, together with ment we could mildly question, but not posi

selves and from the search for them. Perhaps representatives of other important scientific tively deny. The single instance, connected

a few of the results of my quest may be intersocieties, and a certain number of persons as it is with the subject already mentioned, esting to the general reader. nominated by the government. We think leads us to extend our request for communica

I found myself one day securely mounted the functions at present exercised by the Gov

tions, so that they may include what the writ- upon this particular hobby, quite to my own ernment Grant Committee might be advantageously transferred to the proposed council.”

ers may believe to be cases of actual revivals surprise; and I still continue to ride it with from seeming death. That these communica

considerable satisfaction. It happened in this The completion and trial of the 81-ton gun tions may not be without a purpose, we would

wise: I had gone to a New Jersey village on a is an event in the history of gunnery which

have it plainly understood that as yet there business-errand, and, having accomplished the deserves special mention. We have already

seems good reason to discredit any statement same, I was left free to while away a half-hour presented a detailed description of the several

regarding the so-called “coming to life" of as best I might, until the arrival of the train. devices used in the construction of this monster

any human body after it has once been inclosed Now, the town was not a peculiarly beautiful weapon, and now direct attention to the char- in a closely-fastened coffin; and as for evidence or interesting place, and the natural charms acter and results of the first trial as given by

of returning life after actual burial, we do not of the scenery did not fill me with rapture; the English Mechanic: “ The charges used con

hesitate to say that, so far as such is in our so, in a slightly disgusted frame of mind, I sisted of 170 pounds of pebble, or rather cu

possession, it is not worthy of a moment's wandered into the old graveyard which surbical powder, rising by steps to 240 pounds,

credence. The question, however, is one that rounded an odd, shingle-sided church. I with which the sixth round was fired. The

is amenable to evidence, and it is such evi- could not have done better. Immediately I projectile weighed 1,260 pounds, and left the

dence, well authenticated, that is desired. came across a very queer epitaph; a few steps gun with a velocity of 1,550 feet per second,

farther on there was a second. My curiosity the total energy being equal to about 20,400

The following is a condensed report of cer- was aroused, and I went diligently from stone foot-tons. The gun cannot consume more

tain experiments made at Mühlhausen to as- to stone, only stopping when warned by the than 230 pounds of powder, which is in the certain what kind of coating best prevents the

shriek of the locomotive. Since that day I form of 14-inch cubes. The figures given re

escape of heat from steam - pipes. First in have seldom missed an opportunity to acquire fer to the fifth round, which appears to have

order is chopped straw, which was found to fresh specimens of tombstone literature. been the best as regards its effects. At pres

reduce the loss of heat by radiation from the In large cities the collector of epitaphs will ent the gun weighs nearly 82 tons, is nearly bare pipes sixty-six per cent. The next best

seldom find much of interest. It is in small 27 feet long, and at the breech is nearly six

was a pottery-pipe, large enough to cover the country places, remote from the centres of feet in diameter. The bore is 24 feet long steam-pipe and leave air-space; the pottery- civilization, that the really curious things are and 144 inches in diameter, but it is intended

pipe was coated on the outside with loamy to be found. The following inscriptions have to widen it to 16 inches, when the gun will

earth, and chopped straw, kept in place by been copied directly from the stones, no liberthrow an elongated projectile weighing 1,650

straw bands twisted round the pipe; this re- ties having been taken with them. A very pounds, and consuming 300 pounds of powder duced the loss sixty-one per cent. Then came

common characteristic of our graveyard litat each discharge. In the fifth round the

cotton-waste, which, when wrapped around erature is bad spelling. Lord is often spelled

the pipe to the depth of an inch, reduced the Loard ; die, dye; and so on. pressure at the end of the bore was 29.6 tons

This is singular, per square inch, at the base of projectile 21.8

loss fifty-one per cent. The waste felt from for one would suppose that accuracy would tons--the recoil being 37 feet. Our brief ac

printing-machines effected a reduction of for- mark a work so deliberate in its character as the count of this monster gun would be very im

ty-eight per cent., and forty-five per cent. was carving of an epitaph. The date of the death perfect if we did not mention that its cost is saved by means of a plaster made of cow's

is given, in order to show the error of a prevabout £8,000, and that the value of the powder

hair. In continuation of these tests the sev- alent impression that quaint epitaphs belong and shot for firing such a round as we have

eral coatings were painted, and when this exclusively to the days of our forefathers : described amounts to nearly £25. Fortunately color was white a further reduction of seven

1860. our large guns are generally fairly accurate. per cent. was effected. We learn that an

E. M. B-, aged 5 years and 10 months. Already, however, the 81-ton gun is threatAmerican firm has been recently organized

Little Ettie asked: Sball I see God and Carrie, ened with eclipse. Sir William Armstrong is for the purpose of preparing a non-conducting

Mamma; May I go Papa. Called her teacher and building some 100-ton guns for the Italian fabric from the light down obtained from the

little mates by name, Sister Electa, Mary, Hattie, Government, and the facts learned in connec

familiar common swamp cat-tail. We hope at little Frankie, Papa and Mamma and Doctor, Gave tion with the trial of our 81-ton weapon will

an early day to notice the results of experi- each her hand saying Good Bye, Doctor, I am going doubtless be utilized to the profit of the Els

ments with this new substance, which is said to die. She always called her papa with such a wick works. The ordnance-men will soon ask to have already been effectively applied, pot

sweet and cheerful voice, that, when she died, for permission to build a gun weighing 160 only in steam-pipes, but as an exterior lining

then died the music of his heart, and her Mother

said, Oh, there is such a lack about the house. tons, and throwing a shot of a ton or more in

to refrigerators and ice-boxes. weight."

1844. MECHANICS engaged in the shaping or pol- In a moment he fied. It is stated that a committee of the British ishing of thin metal disks often experience He ran to the cistern and raised the lid, Royal Society, having made researches extend- serious difficulty in fitting thein accurately to His father looked in there did behold ing over a period of more than two hundred the lathe-chuck. Where the regular appliances His child lay dead and cold.

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66

1845.
The countenance of this sweet babe
In Nature's cheerful smiles was dressed,
or which it was a short time since
Deprived by the cold band of death.

1859.
On earth no more we see her face,
Her body in the grave is placed,
Her merry laughter we hear no more,
Nor see her playthings round the flore.

1864.
List, Father, and Mother dear,

To me a harp is given,
And wben I touch its strings.
Ma, it is beard all over heaven.

1858.
Where you are now, wonce was I,
Where I am now you soon will be.

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1817. To Young and old that is Passing by,

If you these lines should read,
Remember you have got to dye,
It is by god decreed.

1799.
Within the cold and silent tomb,
Lonesom and dark i find a room,
My Husband and my Child i leave,
And take my lodging in the grave.

1841.
At the demand of conq'ring death,
She instantly resigned her brenth,
She died amidst a bloom of years,
And leaves her friends bedewed with tears.

The following are from a Roman Catholic | alist, for they constantly reveal peculiar and graveyard :

highly-suggestive aspects of human nature. 1854.

E. T. M.
Altho a yankee have I not a full right
In my own way to seek my God through Christ

Chambero's Journal, in an article on “ Amer-
Led not by faction an eternal home

ican English,” dilates upon our national tenI found on shelter of the church of rome.

dency to coin new words and utter quaint and 1860.

extravagant phrases. “New words," it says, Upon the stone is sculptured the figure of are formed every day; when the American a man standing in a boat. He holds a rod and

has seized upon an expressive word he works line, and is in the act of drawing a fish out of it into half a dozen forms, and secures it a water. The following verse is carved above

currency in two or three parts of speech, the pictorial sculpture:

From the verbs to walk, to sing, etc., we get I died a fishing, as this picture showes, walkist, singist, shootist, and half a dozen And left this world with all its woes.

others formed like pianist and linguist. Not To another region I took my flight

satisfied with this last word, American sailors In co' with angels adoring Christ.

have lengthened it into linguister,' an inEllen, wife of B-D- Died June 12, 1858,

terpreter. Then we have such words as 'to aged 45 years.

overture,' which means to propose; 'to doYou tbankless graveyard why don't you consider,

nate,' for to give a donation; and 'to eventThat one so rare you can't forever

uate,' for to happen. To 'disremember' is to Find on this Globe or millions of sach others forget, and to out a candle' is to extinguish For virtue and wisdom as my loving mother. it. The love for abbreviation has produced Erected by her loving husband, B-—D— such forms as to rail,' for to travel by rail ; 1854.

and to‘cable' news, meaning to send a “cableIs fuer fuer no lee in shouten vuo lanone,

gram,' or, as we should say, a message by AtThe pride and the poesy of old Gothnomonong;

lantic cable. Many words have nothing to She left me her father and mother to mourn recommend them but a strange sound, as, for Forever the loss of our daughter Ochone.

instance, 'splurge,' a noisy demonstration, 1855.

whence the verb “to splurge, meaning to Here lies two lovely sisters, both virtuous fair and

boast and swagger; and then the adjective young

splurging,' and the adverb splurgingly.' Who died generally regretted in childbirth of Merit always makes its way,' says a transattwo sons.

lantic editor; 'sometimes quickly, often slowThey togetber crossed the ocean was mutual every

ly, but never splurgingly'-a remark in which way

we most heartily concur." It informs the readI hope the twain are happy, good Christians for them pray.

er that a tendency for violent expressions ap

pears in our daily speech. A man is attacked Curious epitaphs are most interesting when and completely defeated in the Legislature, read upon their native ground. They reveal and this is reported by saying that he has their full charm only to him who goos in search been catawamptiously chawed up.' 'I don't of them, pushing aside the long grass and the want to swear,' says a conscientious man, clambering vine, and brushing away thick it's wicked; but if I didn't see him do it may moss, which would fain hide the “uncouth I be teetotaciously chawed up!' There are rhymes and shapeless sculpture.” For such, many expressions like the last, for the Amerithey possess a quite indescribable fascination. can seldom swears outright, but generally has To the mere seeker after the curious, they of- recourse to those half-disguised phrases which fer great attractions, and are not without sub- a famous New York preacher once denounced stantial value to the philosopber and the mor- as' one-horse oaths."

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1836.
A child eighteen months old-

My parents fondness could not save
My op'ning genius from the grave.

1819.
A rosebud snatch'd from earth away,

E'er it had time to bloom; Taken to realms of endless day,

And here bebind the tomb. The carver is evidently responsible for the absurdity of this last line

"bebold” was undoubtedly the word intended.

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Notices.

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SCIENTIFIC BOOKS.–Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on Architecture, Astronomy, Chemistry, Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York.

the

an

1828.
The good to die is landing on some pleasant shore,
Where billows rage and heave the breast no more;
From adverst blasts and lowering storms
She lives to die no more.

1869.
Farewell my friends I am going to rest
It was trouble with sickness that brought me low
And to find rest Jesus has called him to heaven
above.

1799.
Calm and serene she yields her mental breath,
In hopes of bliss welcomes the stroke of death.
In vain the billows of death yonder roll,
To drown and overwhelm her precious soul.

1820.
Patrick Stanton, also his infant son, Harvey.
Who shall forbid to raise this sacred stone
Above the mouldering dust of husband, son.
Bear, then, O Marble, in thy lasting line,
The name of Stanton down the track of time,
And rest thee, Harvey, by thy father's clay,
Call'd from a world of wo to endless day.
Rest, till thy Saviour's voice shall bid thee rise,
Then guide thy sire to glory in the skies.
On thy dear dust, О Stanton, busband, friend,
On thine, sweet Harvey, shall my tears descend.

1865.
Dear parents and friends, for me do not cry,
I'm eternally happy with Agnus Dei;
Ilosanna in the highest, my trouble is o'er,
Till Alpha and Omega the Lamb I'll adore.

BINDING AND READING CASES.—Binding Cases for the volumes of APPLETONS' Journal, in cloth, gilt back and side. Price, 75 cents each. Reading Cases, bound in half leather, $1.00. Either of the Cases mailed post-free to any address, on receipt of price. In ordering, pains should be taken to designate accurately whether a Reading Case or Binding Case is wanted. The trade supplied. D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, New York.

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APPLETONS JOURNAL is published weekly, price 10 cents per number, or $4.00 per annum, in advance (postage prepaid by the publishers). The design of the publishers and editors is to furnish a periodical of a high class, one which shall embrace a wide scope of topics, and afford the reader, in addition to an abundance of entertaining popular literature, a thorough survey of the progress of thought, the advance of the arts, and the doings in all branches of intellectual effort. Travel, adventure, exploration, natural history, social themes, the arts, fiction, literary reviews, current topics, will each have large place in its plan. The Journal is also issued in Monthly Parts; subscription price, $4.50 per annum, with postage prepaid. D. Appleton & Co., Publishers, New York.

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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY. (Established May, 1872.) Conducted by Prof. E. L. Youmans. The Popular SCIENCE MONTHLY was started to promote the diffusion of valuable scientific knowledge, in a readable and attractive form, among all ciasses of the community, and has thus far met a want supplied by no other periodical in the United States. The great feature of the magazine is, that its contents are not what science was ten or more years since, but what it is to-day, fresh from the study, the laboratory, and the experiment; clothed in the language of the authors, inventors, and scientists themsclves, who comprise the leading minds of England, France, Germany, and the United States. THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY IS published in a large octavo, handsomely printed from clear type, and, when the subject admits, fully illustrated. Terms: $5 per annum (postage prepaid), or 50 cents per Number. AppleTONS" JOURNAL and The Popular | Science Monthly, together, for $8 per annum, postage prepaid. D. AppleTON & Co., Publishers, New York.

1865.
O Lord what was your object unless this one alone
The needing my two Angels to bedeck your throne.
It seems to be your pleasure, to me 'twas great pain,
But what seemed to me a bitter loss was their eter-

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YQUITOS, ON THE PERUVIAN AMAZON, be a lengthy and perilous one, but we bad not " brought us to” very suddenly, and nearly 315 MILES ABOVE THE BRAZILIAN FRONTIER.

anticipated our dangers commencing so soon. capsized the boat in the mouth of a tremenNE morning late in February of 1873, The Peruvian midshipman in command of the dous whirlpool, formed by the sudden change

as the huge volume of mist that marks | launch, and his Indian crew, were totally igno- l in the direction of the river's course at this the tortuous course

point. Tbis prodi. of the river Ama

gy of a Peruvian zon was being slow

captain, and his unly dispelled by the

skilled crew, spent rising sun, a small

at least one hour in Peruvian steam

fruitless attempts launch might have

to regain the anbeen seen lying at

chor, and after a the base of the steep

most ridiculous dis. bank that forms the

play of rage, hysriver - front of the

terical laughter, little village of

and wringing of his Yquitos. The an

hands, our chor was up, and

mander threw his the shrill whistle

hat on the deck, bad announced, for

stamped upon it, at least the twen

and gave up his tieth time, to the

anchor as crowd of friends

job. Its recovery and well-wishers

was finally accomon board, that the

plished by the sughour of departure

gestions of a landsbad arrived. But

man, seeming either un

The engine driv. willing to leave us

er, who was as in. to the anticipated

efficient as the capdangers of the wilds

tain, had had no that we intended to

practical experipenetrate, or else

ence

with highanxious to see the

pressure engines. bottoms of several

He allowed the wahuge decanters of

ter to go down in cocktails, it was not

his boilers and the until the wheels

pumps to stop commenced to turn

working, so that that they gave their

we had immediate. final embraces and

ly to drop anchor jumped ashore.

again and allow The object of this

him to baul fires, exploration was to

the pleasant probdetermine the head

ability of our being of navigation of the

blown up at any river Amazon, or

moment being imof that tributary

minent. However, which was best suit.

AMAZON INDIANS.

our good angel, who ed for being the

through the future eastern terminus of

watched over us so the trans-Andean Railroad now being con- rant of their duties, and we had just gotten well, came to our aid in this danger, and after structed by the Peruvian Government. As we under “full speed,” and were standing a delay of three or four hours we got under were to penetrate a hitherto unknown country, across the river, when they carelessly let the way, and the dusky faces along the shore we knew full well that the exploration would | anchor get away from its fastenings. This were soon lost in the distance.

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