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sington, or from some interior cause, certain tints that can now be readily obtained, and group are also a striking feature. The sheep it is that the English are making rapid and which have the softness and glory of an are introduced simply as accessories, but the splendid progress in the arts wbich apply to American autumn forest.
same care in their treatment is as apparent decoration. From season
to season, the The style of fabric, too, which the glass as in the cows. The river is portrayed under stained glass and silk and worsted fabrics imitates so well, of figured brocade or damask, the effect of a clouded sky, and the land. from the establishments of Morris and Cot. and white satin woven with gold, which is so scape is in partial shadow, with the strongest tier, in London, show improvement in design, splendid in the old cathedral- windows of light concentrated on the great gray rock and more and more subtile and beautiful color. Germany, is very successful in this English and foreground cattle. The effect of this subAt Cottier's, in Fifth Avenue, are charming glass. When we recall the contrast between dued light, which is diffused in subtile gradacurtain-materials, that have been composed the mellow -hued old windows in Cologne tions over the surrounding herbage, forms a and made up ready for use. In one of these Cathedral, charming in their imitations of delightful study in contrast to the semi-trangarticles, which is russet-brown and gold of these materials we have described, and then parent shadows which pervade the distant closely-woren silk, with worsted figures, the recollect the ugliness of the new windows valley and bills. “botanical analysis," as it is termed, has from Munich, which have been placed oppobeen brought into play, in the most success- site them in the church, we are filled with ALFRED T. BRICHER has recently finished ful manner, to construct the trunk, branches, regret that such a costly and spacious win- an upright picture, of medium size, giving a and leaves of a large tree.
This tree is not dow as fills an end of Memorial Hall in view of the famous “ Bishops' Rock, Island imitated closely from Nature, but follows Cambridge does not afford the visitor the of Grand Manan." It is an early moonrise, her large and significant shapes. The man- opportunity to compare its tawdry ugliness with the form of the great cliff strongly ner in which the leaves are arranged in Na. | by beautiful neighbors about it. Memorial drawn against the evening sky, and the bright ture on the branches is here reproduced; the windows are to be put all about this great rays of the great harvest - moon sending a general direction and growth of the branches Cambridge dining-hall, and we trust that flood of golden light on the rolling surf which are shown, and the nature of the bark is han- some of them may be of this new English breaks at the so-called “ Bisbops'" base. dled with a bold, free, and knowing touch, glass. Windows of this character would be a The cliffs at their summit are yet lighted up worthy of Japanese decoration. This piece treasure to look at, and we hope the time is by the after - glow of the setting sun, and of heavy material forms the central portion not distant when every parish will prefer one fairly sparkle in the dunl effect as rendered. of the curtaio, soft and rich in hue. At figure of a saint by Morris or Cottier to a The sky is tenderly clouded, and each scateither end of this portion, which much resem. dozen stories from Scripture done in a style tered form under the effect of the moon's bles old tapestry, and at the same time savors which must soon come to an end.
rays catches the light and adds a new element strongly of Japan, deep stripes of stamped
to the general glow. There is a fleet of fishvelvet repeat the colors of scrub-oak leaves JAMES M. Hart, who passed the summer ing-schooners at the horizon - line, but they in autumn, with their sunny shades of red. in the Adirondack region, in the valley of the are kept subservient and do not disturb the brown. Other stripes of yet other glowing Boquet, near Elizabethtown, has already be- impressive character of the scene. The pict. and subdued colors lap upon these; the whole gun his season's work in earnest, and its first ure is rich in color and painted with remark. curtain, hung on a polished brass rod by fruit is a large painting of cattle in a pasture- able breadth and strength. In its general brass rings, forming a background that would field. The scene was drawn upon a hill-side treatment it is unlike any thing that we have be fit for the old stained-glass figures of the overlooking the Boquet River Valley. There heretofore seen from Mr. Bricher's easel, and, magi in the cathedral-windows at Strasburg, is a group of cows reposing by the side of a as a study of the rugged scenery of Grand or beautiful enough to make a portion of one great gray bowlder, which crops out of the Manan Island, we believe that it will be acof Alma - Tadema's or Armstrong's paint. rugged hill-side in the foreground, and two cepted as his master - work. Mr. Bricher ings.
or three sheep are nipping the scanty herbage spent part of the past summer at Mount There are other materials here of big, near them. In front of this group of cows Desert, and has a large collection of water stately figures of flower or beast, and colored there is a shallow pool of water, which has color sketches of the bold and romantic damasks and plush, whose secret of color is assumed a deep - blue tone under the effect scenery of that rugged island. He paid parknown to nobody but the artists who inanu. of the humid atmosphere. Leading off into ticular attention to the study of the rockfacture them, and which, after being used ten the perspective are other groups of cattle, formation of the island, all of which will be or a dozen times, are laid aside, while the de- placed here and there in the landscape, to the of value to bim in the composition of pictures, signs which they embellish are destroyed, distant point of sight where the receding that their rarity, as well as their beauty, may bill - side merges into the obscurity of the One of the most charming pictures of a give them value.
valley. On the right hand, the forest crowns midsummer landscape sent from an artist's The progress of art in stained glass is sat- the hills, and, looking across the Boquet Val- easel this season was exhibited by Mr. R. W. isfactorily shown by numbers of water-colorley, there are scattered clearings to the Adi- Hubbard at the last meeting of the Century paintings that can now be seen at Cottier's, rondack Mountain ranges, which fill the back. Club.
It was studied on the Connecticut and by photographs of some of the new ground.
shore of Long Island Sound from a somewhat stained-glass windows that have been made The chief force of this work rests in the elevated point of view overlooking the water. abroad. The beauty of form and the splendor group of cows in the near foreground, and in The foreground is treated in a delightful man. of color in these new windows can be com- drawing and finish the work is praiseworthy. ner, and has some picturesque groups of trees pared by every one with some of the stained
During the past five years Mr. Hart has made which bold their places in the landscape with glass in Cottier's establishment, which has cattle-painting a favorite study, and that he a force and effect which are marvelous. The been pronounced by able judges the best has made it a successful study is evident from picture is as light and bright in its tone 25 that has been seen in America. But this the spirited manner in which this subject is the sun is at noonday, with the most delicate glass is of last year's manufacture, and be. treated. There are three cows in the princi- suggestions of transparent shadows upon side the paintings of the newest windows it pal group, party-colored, but the tones of red, surface of the meadows and pasture - fields, looks awkward and poor; while this again, black, and white, predominate respectively in caused by the delicate cloud - forms which seen side by side with an earlier article, re- the animals. The cow in which the red col. show upon the heavens. There are a rare delduces former work to comparative insignifi- or prevails would be called a red cow the icacy of touch and harmony of color shown
As yet, American architects, from world over, and just so with the others. In in the positive forms of the foreground trees what cause we know not, bave used but little the composition of these diverse - colored and objects, and this poetic quality is res of this beautiful glass in the windows of the cows in the group, Mr. Hart has secured a peated with exquisite artistic skill as the churches and public buildings they are now harmony of feeling which is very attractive. more distant features of the landscape are erecting, and they seem to prefer a diaper The coloring is excellent, and this applies massed in the perspective. The sky is repattern of flaming and positive blues, reds, also to the foreshortening, the subtile han markably brilliant in its tender qualities of and yellows, that are coarse and harsh in the dling of which we have rarely seen equaled. color, and it possesses a transparency and glare of our strong sunlight, rather than these The suggestions of animal anatomy in the depth which are delightful to study. The pict
ure is solidly painted, and might be studied / giving the grand scena and prayer from “ Der made an extensive reputation-on what ade. to advantage by some of our artists who Freischütz; ” “With Verdure clad," from the quate foundation, we fail so far to discover. secure their effects by repeated glazing at “Creation ;” and a “Grande Valse," by Ar- Before pronouncing a more detailed judgthe expense of permanence. As the first diti. These selections were admirably adapted ment, we shall wait further hearing. picture of any importance sent out for pub- to set forth her excellences. lic exhibition since the opening of the pres
The noble aria from Weber's opera was a ent season, Mr. Hubbard is entitled to more favorite concert-piece with Parepa-Rosa, and
From Abroad. than ordinary credit for the success of bis most of us recollect the tenderness and beauearly autumn work. ty with which she rendered it. Mademoiselle
OUR PARIS LETTER. Titiens does not fall short of the lamented singer we have mentioned in the charm with
September 21, 1875. An exhibition of Kaulbach's works has been added to the art-attractions of Nurem- which she gives Weber's glorious music. IF THE dramatic season has now fairly opened, berg. ... The restoration of the Tuileries we miss the flowing and perfect sweetness
and first representations are the order of
the day. Now, it must be known that a has been, it is said, determined upon. The of Parepa, the bird-like ease with which she
first representation is the “ fashionablest thing plan is to unite it to the Louvre by two large seemed to breathe and not sing the music,
in all Paris.” People put down their names galleries, and to remove to it the collection of the passion and sentiment that throbbed in
months beforehand for tickets, and it is almost modern pictures now in the Luxembourg.... Titiens's singing made a large compensation. | impossible for the outside public to gain adM. Baudry, painter of the foyer-pictures at
Perhaps her dramatic rendering of the reci. mission. The proscenium-boxes are generalthe Paris Opera-House, is about to represent
tative of the scena, though less interesting to ly occupied by the most elegant members of the history of Joan of Arc in twelve pictures. the general audience, gave a higher pleasure
the monde and demi-monde, while the parquet ... The mural paintings which decorate the vestibule of the museum at Antwerp, painted to the connoisseur than the aria itself, for it
and balcony present an equal proportion of by M. N. de Keyser, are said to be remarkable seemed almost a revelation of the possibili
critics and cocottes. The crowd is tremendous, works, and to notably increase the art-reputaties of recitative singing. Of this, however,
the heat intense, and the excitement prodi
gious. The most celebrated authors of the tion of that city.
it is not for us to speak now, as we shall by-day sit enthroned in the boxes of the first cirand-by hear the prima donna in opera, where
cle. The actors, stimulated by the pervading she can show her remarkable powers in this excitement, and by the presence of those whose Music. direction more fully.
verdict gives fame or relegates to obscurity, The beautiful air of Haydn was delicious. surpass their best efforts of other days.
ly given, every shade of meaning and every The first representation of the new meloN the evening of October 4tb, Mademoi- phrase of the music having been treated with
drama of “Les Muscadins" at the Théâtre selle Titiens made her first appearance a perfection of detail to which we are not
Historique was an event of peculiar imporin America. Aside from the curiosity of the accustomed. The number of the programme
tance in the theatrical world, its author being public to know for themselves the basis of this which took the audience by storm, however,
the well - known novelist and critic, Jules
Claretie. The subject of the piece was taken singer's great fame, her appearance in this was the Arditi “Grande Valse.”
from the author's novel of the same name. A country was an event to the musical art-world This is a favorite show-piece of great sing.
few years ago two gentlemen used to haunt of more than ordinary interest, as an illustra- ers, and there are few concert-goers who do the National Library with great persistency, tion of how the loss of youthful bloom may not know it thoroughly well. Nilsson, Car- consulting the same books, turning over the be forgotten in finish of style, breadth and lotta Patti, Kellogg, and others, have given it same files of newspapers and portfolios of enbeauty of phrasing; and the mingled dignity | frequently. Mademoiselle Titiens supplied | gravings, busied in fact in reconstructing the and fire of dramatic sentiment which shine to it just the lacking elements which we have sarre period, that of the Directory. One of through every note of the singer. Mademoi- missed before. Without breathing one word ! these was Victorien Sardou, who was preparselle Titiens's voice is one of great range and
ing his “Merveilleuses," and the other was of reproach against the execution of other
the author of “Les Muscadins," which he power, which, with distinct resonance, pos- artists, we cannot refrain from saying that
was then writing. The same idea, namely, sesses the filute-like quality so delightful to Titiens sang it with a fire, dash, and magnet- that of reconstructing the strange, picturesque, the ear. If at times a note shows a little ism, which fairly transfigured its meaning. amusing epoch of the Directory, with its inwear of the organ, it is so instantly covered The mere execution we have heard equaled ; delicate yet elegant costumes, and its absurd up by the graces of the general execution as the thrill and life with which she seemed to manners, had struck both authors at the same to be hardly observable except by the ear make every note take what was almost pal. į time, and they had both gone to work, each alive to the slightest defects. But it is not pable form, was something new to most of striving to come first before the public. " Here in the voice, fine as it is, that the admirer her hearers. The declamation was so distinct
comes the Directory," the officials at the li
brary used to say when they saw them enter. of the vocal art finds principal cause for de- that every word could be heard, and the
In the midst of their painstaking search after light. It is the intelligence behind the voice phrasing so perfect that the music assumed a
authorities in dress, manners, amusements, and the superb method of vocalization. It new aspect. This was the cheval de bataille
etc., they were both forestalled by an unexhas been the current complaint that the grand of the evening, and the enthusiasm of the
pected competitor. Without flourish of trumold school of singing, which graduated so audience rose to fever-heat.
pet or beat of drum, there was produced at many of the world's greatest singers, has gone Mademoiselle Titiens has fully sustained the Folies Dramatiques a little opéra bouffe, out. Whether this be a just accusation or the great reputation she brings over, and we on which neither actors nor managers founded not, it cannot be said that it is literally true no longer wonder that our English cousins
much hope, which was destined to carry the as long as Mademoiselle Titiens remains on are not willing to let her go away from Lon
dress and manners of the Directory to the four the stage, which is likely to be for many don except for a short time. We anticipate,
quarters of the globe. This was the “Fille
de Madame Angot," and, when “Les Meryears to come, if we may judge from the however, a better exhibition of her power
veilleuses " was produced at Les Variétés, wealth of resource this lady evidently pos- when we hear her iu oratorio and opera.
the public had already grown weary of InToo many singers believe that the The other principal feature of the concert
croyables and Merveilleuses, short - waisted only requisites for a successful art-career are in the way of novelty was the piano - forte and scanty draperies, striped satin coats and flexibility and sweetness of voice and musico- playing of Miss Arabella Goddard. We tight pantaloons, club - sticks and speckled gymnastic execution. The breadth, dignity, cannot say for her what we have so gladly stockings, and were tired of hearing about and largeness of Mademoiselle Titiens's style, said for Mademoiselle Titiens. So far as a Banas and the plots and counterplots of the the fire and feeling with which she imbues / single hearing can justify judgment, her play
times. Sardou's uncommonly nasty play, erery thing she does, the purpose which in- | ing bardly warrants any great enthusiasm.
therefore, met with a most richly-deserved fail
ure. The drama of M. Jules Claretie is a fresh forms her singing, tell a different story, and Smooth, graceful, and a very good mistress
attempt to place the epoch of the Directory it is this lesson which gives special value to of technique, we utterly failed to detect in her
upon the stage. It is well writter, the style her visit to America. any of the higher powers of the virtuoso, such
being clear and vigorous, but the plot is inMademoiselle Titiens sang three times alone as can justify a piano-forte player in volved, and in some parts but ill worked out. (exclusive of her recalls) at her first concert, \ entering the concert-field. Miss Goddard bas It is too complicated for detailed description:
suffice it to say that the action turns on a roy- She also produced a great effect in the fifth act tlemen gummies! Nor has any reason for this alist plot in which M. Lafresnaie, the secretary by the cry wherewith she greeted the news ridiculous cognomen ever been assigned. of the chief of police under Banas, takes part, of the death of the younger Vanderk. But, There is absolutely no literary news this while his son André, an ardent young repub- taken altogether, the “ Philosophe sans le week whatever. All tbe publishers are out lican, bends all bis energies to the tusk of frus- savoir" is but a mediocre production, which
and the authors are resting on their trating the conspiracy without betraying bis fails to interest, and which never would have oars. The “Mariages de Londres," by Sanfather. This M. Lafresnais has wedded en been revived on the boards of La Comédie drié, which I mentioned in my last, has called secondes noces a young and beautiful woman, had it not been one of those tiresome things forth much favorable notice from the critics. Jeanne Lafresnaie. The chief of the conspira- | that have become classic.” These ciassic It is a series of tales, written evidently by a tors, one Count de Faviolles, a disguised royal-works, whether play, poem, or novel, often Frenchman who has long resided in London, ist, has become the lover of Jeanne, but seeks remind me of an incident that occurred at a and remarkable for accuracy of description to marry Mademoiselle de Kermadio, a young dinner-party whereat I was present a few years and delicacy of detail. The titles of one hupBreton heiress, for the sake of her wealth. ago. Several of the guests were talking about dred and twenty-seven almanacs for the enOn discovering the perfidy of her lover, wines, and the comparative ages of their vari- suing year have already been registered. Last Jeanne vows to be revenged upon bim, and to ous possessions in that line, as well as the ef- year they numbered two hundred and five. save her husband. She therefore grants Fa- fect of time upon them. One gentleman had Mademoiselle Schneider's lawsuit with M. violles a last interview, in which she succeeds some port that was thirty years old, another | Bertrand, the manager of the Variétés, has in forcing from him the paper that forms the some Madeira that was even older, and so on. been decided in the lady's favor. She gets only evidence of her husband's connection At last one of the gentlemen remarked: only five thousand francs damages, howerwith the conspiracy, but in the struggle he “Well, I have some hock in my cellar which er, instead of the fifty thousand which she stabs her, and she dies the moment that the I bought twenty years ago. It was a very claimed; so that unfurnished third floor in police rush in to arrest the conspirator. Ma- bad wine when I first got it, and I do not think her new hotel will have to remain unfurdemoiselle Rousseil was magnificent as Jeanne. it is any better now.” And there are various nished for some time longer. Her gesture when, after denouncing the cow- classic productions that strongly remind me A singular relic has just been presented to ering wretch before her, she cries, with up- of my friend's wine.
the museum of the city of Périgueux in the “Thou shalt die, not by the bul- Baudry, the painter of the pictures adorn- shape of a piece of one of the gowns of Ma let, but by the red machine (la machine rouge)!” ing the foyer of the Grand Opéra, is said to be dame de Sévigné. The material is a rich was intensely thrilling. Montal, late of the very anxious about the preservation of those cloth of gold brocaded with a pattern of silk Ambigu, played André Lafresnaie admirably, works, which cost him so much time and and velvet in red and blue. The design is and the rest of the cast was good. The scenery trouble. He was lately in conversation with elegant and graceful, and the stuff must have was very fine, particularly that of the Garden the chief of the firemen attached to the estab- been superb. It proves that the great letterof the Tuileries, and of the lonely, dim-lighted lishment, and called his attention to these pict- riter knew how to adora her charming perRue de Nevers, which changes to the moonlit ures, recommending him to take tbem under son as well as to display the gifts and graces Gardens of the Luxembourg. As for the Mus- his special charge.
of her mind in those inimitable and unrivaled cadins, who give their name to the play, they “Oh, certainly, sir,” made answer the chef | epistles that have given her immortality. only appear twice, once when they assail a des pompiers, briskly, “those oil-painted things It is reported in political circles that the street-singer for ridiculing them in a ballad, are uncommon nasty when they are burning, first name placed on the Republican list for and in the scene in the Tuileries Garden, the smoke is enough to choke one.
election to the Senate is that of Victor Hugo, where, after a very charming and characteris- after them, never fear!"
and that there is no doubt whatever of his tic dance, the “Folies du Jour," the scented Such was the light in which this prominent election. And, à propos of political discusdandies are seized upon by the recruiting ser- official regarded the art-treasures that he was sions, violent but unavailing efforts bave regeant to be sent off to join the armies on the to guard !
cently been made to force the Orleans princes frontier. The dresses are very pretty and
Another of the decorators of the opera- to publicly declare their political convictions. very extravagant. The text bristles with pa- house, M. Pils, is dead. He it was that exe- Success failing, La France publishes a letter triotic allusions, which draw down thunders cuted the fine and varied frescoes that adorn from the Count de Paris, written four years of applause. Taken altogether, “ Les Musca- the staircase. That was his last work, and, ago, wherein he says: dins" achieved a deserved success, and, with during the last days that he was occupied on " These pompous declarations of opinion, a little pruning, will probably run throughout it, he was already suffering from the malady to which are or which seem to be always dictated the winter.
which he soon afterward succumbed. He was by personal interest, may be good methods for The revival of Sedaine's “ Philosophe sans obliged, in fact, to be listed on the scaffolding the Bonapartes, but not for persons who wish le savoir," at the Comédie Française, was pe- in order to complete his task. He was a bat- to be respected. culiarly interesting for two reasons, one of tle-painter of considerable eminence, his ef- "Our offers of service addressed to the which was that the cbarming Blanche Baretta forts in that line having won commendation Government of the National Defense hare was to personate Victorine, and the other that from that greatest of war-artists, Horace Ver- | been, it seems to me, our best recognition of the piece was to be produced for the first time net. His best-known work was his picture of the republic, for, once in her service, it may exactly as Sedaine originally wrote it. When " Rouget de l'Isle singing the Marseillaise' well be believed that we should have serred it was first brought out in 1765, the edict for the First Time."
her loyally. against dueling was in full force, and the cen- The production of “Les Muscadins" has “What more could we do? Recognize the sure would not permit the author to bring called forth a list of the names given to young republic? But foreign powers alone have a upon the stage a father consenting that his men of fashion at different epochs in France. right to recognize a government. We, humble son should fight a duel. The whole of one It appears that under Henri III. they were citizens, have only to submit and to serve." scene, therefore, had to be rewritten, and the called Mignons (evidently the origin of the Very good, prince. But what about the general tone of the entire piece had to be term “curled darlings”), and Muguets under affiliation with the Count de Chambord ? And changed, much against the will of the unhap- Henri IV. and Louis XIII. They became what if he were to die? The heir to the py dramatist. The reluctance with which he Roués under the Regency, from the compan- throne of France in the legitimate line would, executed these changes was well known; so, ions of the Regent Philippe and his well-known in that case, methinks, be bardly a better rewhen M. Perrin proposed to revise the piece, speech that they all deserved to be roué, or publican than were the Bonapartes. he caused search to be made among the ar- broken on the wheel. Under Louis XVI. they chives of the theatre, and finally succeeded in became Freluquets, Muscadins (or musk-perunearthing the original manuscript, scored fumed ones) under the Terror, and Incroyables with faint lines by the author's unwilling hand. From this it was easy to establish the Petits Maitres under the Restoration, and afteroriginal text, and the play, exactly as Sedaine ward to Merveilleux, changing into Elégants wrote it, was produced last week at the Thé- under Charles X. During the reign of Louis
THE ALLAN FLOATING CABIN. âtre Français. Notwithstanding the heat, the Philippe they were dandies, fashionables, and
CIJEN it was stated that Mr. Bessemer house was crowded. Pretty, naïve, and win- jions. They became Gandins (from the Bouning Blanche Baretta, the sweetest ingénue | levard de Gand, their favorite lounge) in the
had designed, and was about to com. now on the Parisian boards, carried off the first years of the Second Empire, being after
struct, a steamer having a cabin of so novel honors of the evening. When Vid si- ward christened (!ocodés and Petits Crevés,
a form that its occupants would be insured lences her father by throwing lierself into his Now, under the Third Republic, they are called against sea-sickness, the announcement was arms and stopping his mouth with kisses, her Gommeux, a more absurd name than any. most gratefully received by the traveling pubgrace and childlike sweetness were inimitable. Fancy calling the elegant young Parisian gen- / lic, in whose interest the device was planned.
Luoy H. HOOPER.
under the Directory. They were turned into Science, Invention, Discovery
With the manner in which the inventor pro- tumbler with water, and then tip it quickly and the floating cabin therefore also remaius posed to accomplish this desired result our from side to side. It will then be observed level, being kept by an arrangement of a readers are already familiar, illustrated de- that, whatever be the inclination of the glass, pillar and universal joint from being proscriptions of the Bessemer cabin having ap- the fluid contained in it will present a level jected against the sides of the dock. The peared in the Journal for May 23, 1874, and surface. Now, if a thin section of cork or entrance to the cabin is by means of a cirMarch 13, 1875.
other light wood be placed in the water, and cular staircase leading from the upper deck At a more recent date it was our unwel. the rocking action be repeated, it will be ob. to the centre of the floor of the cabin, to come duty to announce that the Bessemer served that the float, being sustained by the which it is fixed. It is evident that there is cabin had proved a failure, and that the water, will preserve the same level surface as practically no limit to the number of things disheartened shareholders had advertised that of the fluid upon which it rests. We which may be kept steady by this system in this marine elephant for sale to the highest will now advance a step farther. In place of a passenger-ship, so long as there is room for bidder. If, in the unfortunate termination the deep tumbler substitute a hemispherical fitting the hemispherical dock. Thus a sinof his first venture, Mr. Bessemer deserves finger-glass, and for the cork another glass, gle sleeping-berth or a platform, with a table our commiseration, he should also be com. metallic or wooden hemisphere, having a and seats, may be supported in this way. mended for offering the first practical sug- diameter only slightly less than that of the An additional advantage in favor of this gestions as to the proper principle on wbich other. Let the former glass be now only plan is that its practicability may be testthe cabin should be constructed—that is, it partially filled with water, into which the sec- ed without the construction of a full-sized should be free to oscillate independently of ond vessel may be immersed till the water working model. Indeed, it is claimed that, the vessel, so that, whatever be the position surrounds it, rising nearly to the top. By if it works well in a small model, its success of the deck of the latter, the floor of the this means the interior vessel rests on a thin is the more assured, since the larger it is former shall always remain stationary or cushion of water. Now we will begin the the more natural inertia it will possess, and level. Mr. Bessemer, it will be remembered, rocking movement again, and the result is as hence the less tendency will it have to parproposed to secure this result by the aid of might be anticipated. The water having a take of the rolling motion of the vessel. hydraulic plungers, which, rising from be- tendency to retain its horizontal position, Arguing thus, the inventor constructed a
model, the outer hemisphere of which was but ten inches in diameter, the interior sides being separated from the floating bowl by a film of water but one-eighth of an inch in thickness. An index-arm and a spirit-level were fitted to the hull and cabin, so that the movements of both could be watched and recorded. Awaiting a time when the ser was high and rough, the inventor, model in hand, took passage on a coast-steamer. Once fairly outside, and in the midst of the rough water, the miniature ship was fastened to the deck of the steamer in such a manner that any motion of the one would be communicated to the other. As the steamer was pitched about by the waves the spirit-level attached to the little floating cabin was carefully watched, but no change took place, showing that the floor of the cabin remained stationary. The model was tben transferred to a small boat, with like favorable results, for, though the boat was tossed about by the waves, the level of the cabin was maintained so perfectly that a cupful of water placed on it did not lose a drop.
In view of these tests it is not surprising neath against the floor of the swinging cabin, transfers this tendency to the upper vessel that the inventor should be encouraged, and should cause it to rise or fall sufficiently to supported by it. Calling our finger-glass the it is to be hoped that, in spite of recent fail. overcome the wave-action from without. It hull of the steamer, and the interior vessel ures, sufficient capital may be advanced to was in the use of these plungers that the in- the cabin, we have in a crude form the Allan secure the construction of a full-sized Chanventor failed, since it was soon discovered floating cabin. How the inventor bas made nel-steamer, the main feature of which shall that the engineer having them in charge a practical application of this idea may be be its Allan floating cabin. could not, however good a seaman he might the better understood by reference to the acbe, anticipate the action of the waves in time companying illustration, in which a longituto forestall it. Even before the trial-trip of dinal section of the hull is given, with a par
At a recent meeting of the New York Sothe Bessemer had demonstrated this weak tially sectional view of the proposed cabin.
ciety of Practical Engineers, President James point in the construction of its swinging
A. Whitney delivered an address on “The This plan, as described, consists of a hemi.
Relation of the Patent Laws to American Agcabin, the probability of failure had already spherical dock fitted in the ship, and contain. riculture, Arts, and Industries.” Passing suggested to other inventors the need of ing water, in which floats another hemispheri.
over those portions of this address which presome automatic device by which the cabin cal vessel of such a diameter as only to leave sent in a concise and forcible manner the sevshould be kept, or rather keep itself, level. It a space of some three or four inches between
eral arguments and authorities in favor of is to one of these new plans—the Allan float. it and the outer vessel or dock. This inner these laws, we would direct especial attention ing cabin—that attention is now directed; vessel is weighted down to its required water. to the following interesting historical and staand, since the report now before us is from a line by means of ballast, sufficient allowance
tistical information regarding several importrustworthy source, we are the more willing being made for the extra weight of the pas- tant American inventions. Beginning with to commend this device as being not only sengers whom it is to carry. As the ship the printing-press, we learn that the one used
by Franklin over one hundred years ago gave sound in principle, but successful in practice. pitches and rolls, the water between the float
but one hundred and thirty impressions an In order the better to comprehend the prin- ing cabin and the dock always maintains its
hour: as the result of successive patented imciple which is at the foundation of this new horizontal level, for there is not surface provements, this capacity was so advanced cabin, the reader need only to partially fill a enough for it to set up an independent roll, I that in the year 1847 a machine had been per
fected—the Napier double-cylinder press—by as luis share. We are forced to pass over with- seen the sepulcbre of Benjamin, and a cave which from twenty-five hundred to five thou- out mention many equally interesting and sig- near it whence the Messiah was expected to sand impressions an hour could be made-the nificant facts, of all of which Mr. Whitney appear.” In certain instances, the dates and former of large, the latter of small newspaper makes use in confirming his views regarding builders of some of the synagogues have been size. It was then believed that with this ma- the value of “patents” in fostering industry discovered, and there is evidence of their chine the limit of speed had been reached, by rewarding the inventor, showing at the being built to the sixteen-inch cubit. It is and yet the public demand for more newspa- same time that the gain to the latter is by po believed that six months more of work will pers and periodicals was advancing rapidly. means excessive as compared with the saving complete the survey of Western Palestine. It was at this juncture that the American in- to the public. A closing illustration enforcing ventor Richard M. Hoe brought forward his this claim, and one which will be readily rec
Tue Geographical Magazine for May last improved printing-machinery, and, as the re- ognized by the house-keeper, may here be cited: contained a paper, by Mr. Skertehly, advocatsult of his genius and mechanical skill, it was Formerly, when a tin can was soldered up, it
ing the scheme for an inland sea in Africa, soon brought to so great perfection that, in was a difficult matter to open it, but in 1859
the details of which have been fully recounted the year 1861, one of the New York papers John W. Masury hit upon the idea of making
in these columns. In support of his views, printed a daily edition varying from one hun- a portion of the cover of very thin metal,
the writer referred to the enormous mineral dred and fifteen to one hundred and thirty which could be readily cut through with a and vegetable wealth of Tafilet and Trat, thousand copies, all priuted in four hours knife. Ten million of these cans are made
which would thus be made available. In and a half. Though it is not claimed that yearly. The Borden Condensed Milk Com- reply to this statement, Dr. Roblfs, than this was the work of a single press, yet to pany use ten thousand each and every work
who there is no more eminent authority on have accomplished the same work on Napier ing-day in the year. The invention is largely this subject, states that Mr. Skertchly is more presses would have required five additional used in the paint-trade, as it enables paint to
sanguine than the present facts seem to jusforms of type, each at the cost of one thou- be put up in liquid form, ready for use, there- tify, since he (Dr. Rohlfs) has never heard of sand dollars a week, or two hundred and six- by saving the painter's time and trouble in any geological researches having been made ty thousand dollars a year. Another kindred mixing paint. The United States Circuit in this region, but that, so far as it is known, invention, and one effecting even a greater Court decided the value of this improvement
the chief formations are chalk and sandstone, relative improvement, was the Chambers fold- to be not less than three cents for each pound
and the only product suitable for export is ing-machine. This was the invention of Cyrus
dates. can; but the inventor granted licenses under Chambers, to whom the first patent was issued the patent for a royalty of one-quarter of a
It is announced that Professor Palmieri has about the year 1859. In the year 1874, seventy- cent per pound-can-that is to say, for every
invented an instrument for testing oils and two of these patent news-folders, for folding twelve cents the public yained from the inven
textures by electricity-that is, it will show newspapers alone, were in use. Regarding tion, the inventor was content to gain one
the quality of olive-oil, and distinguish the the work accomplished by these machines in cent. the several departments of paper, magazine,
presence of seed - oil; and in silk fabrics will and book making, we read : 1. The cost
indicate the presence of cotton-fibre. UnfortuAdvices to August 12th announce that
nately, we have us yet received no description of running these machines was $2 a day Lieutenant Conder, of the British Palestine
of this wonderful instrument, but it would each, and each accomplished the work of five Exploration Expedition, is still at the convent
seem probable that so distinguished a student men. The same work by hand cost $8.75 per on Mount Carmel awaiting the official investi
would have hastened to disclaim any interest day, being a saving of $6.75 a day for each gation into the outrage at Safed. Owing to the
or part in this invention unless he was well machine, and these newspaper-folders alone, excitement among the natives, the prevalence
assured of its value. during the original term of the patent, ef- of cholera, and the illness of the survey-parected an economy of labor amounting to up- ty, field-work bas for the present been discon- The De la Bastie process of tempering glass ward of $1,165,000. During the same pe- tinued. Lieutenant Conder has sent home a has received from other investigators certain riod the paper - folders for duodecimo publi- report of progress, from a condensed review modifications, wbich would appear to be incations saved in labor more than $353,000; for of which we obtain the following information
provements. Of these new methods, that of octavos, more than $139,000; for quartos, more regarding the work done during the present M. Bauer is worthy of notice. This process than $64,000; and for 32mos, more than $522,- | year: In February a triangulation was made consists in plunging the heated object into a 000—making from this one patent alone, in of three hundred and thirty square miles of bath, not of oil, but paraffine, which is kept at less than fourteen years, à saving of human the desert west of the Dead Sea. During the a regular temperature of 200° Fahr. Thus the toil and exertion amounting to more than $2,- following three months nearly the whole of first cooling is rapid until this point is reached, 243,000.” Thomas Silverthorn, the poor me- Philistia was surveyed, and in June and July when it becomes more gradual. The glass chanic, who invented the copper-toed shoe, the expedition was at work in Galilee. It was thus tempered resembles that made by De la little knew the significance and value of this this work which was interrupted by the attack Bastie. simple idea. Through its adoption, it is esti- on the party at Safed. However, at that time mated that from $6,000,000 to $12,000,000 are one hundred and eighty miles had been surannually saved to the country, and yet the veyed, and twenty out of thirty miles comhumble inventor had to wait for his good for- pleted for a line of levels from the Mediterratune until his patent was extended, when it nean to the Sea of Galilee. In addition to this
NOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE was bought by a company for $67,000. Henry solid work, the expedition made many discov
AND THERE. Burden, the inventor of the first successful eries, confirmations, and detailed sketches, of machine for the manufacture of horseshoes, great interest and value to Bible students. was able to sell a finished shoe, including the
THE London Daily News, in an article on Among these are noticed the discovery of the iron, for four and one-half cents; whereas, to supposed sites of Adullam, Gerar Makkedah,
“ French Holiday Sports," describes the make the same by hand would have cost six- Cana of Galilee, etc. The report to which we “savate.” What sort of sport the “sarate" teen cents, not including the iron. While the allude gives the following condensed account
is, the reader will discover as he proceeds : absolute benefit to the public by this inven- of certain of the more interesting identitication cannot be calculated, it is known that the tions : “In Jerusalem, Lieutenant Conder was
The French do not box. When two fall gain to the Government alone during the late so fortunate as to find the Asnerie, the crusad- out they rush upon each other unguibus et male war amounted to $4,000,000. Under the head ing inn for pilgrims. It lies close to the grot- tro et pedibus. If one drop down, so much the of “Profits of Patentees compared with Profits to of Jeremiah, and is now partly excavated, worse for bim; he gets his head pummeled of the Public," the following interesting facts showing long lines of mangers. At Nablus on the ground, nor will his vanquisher ever are presented: There is now in common use a he discovered that nearly the whole of the think of inviting him to rise so as to begin the little staple for fastening the rods to the slats floor and foundations of the early church built fight fairly again. There is the “savate," of Venetian blinds. It has corrugated shanks over Jacob's Well exist still, hidden by mod- however, which professes to regularize the to hold in the wood without clinching, and ern vaults. At Shefa Amr a magnificent sep- method of combating with Nature's weapons. for this reason requires so much less iron in its ulchre has been found, with elaborate orna- It is kicking reduced, or raised, to a science. manufacture that in five years' trade, in this mental work. The present church there proves A man assaults you, you execute a nimbie country alone, it is estimated that five hun- to be built on foundations older than the Latin pirouette, turn your back to him, lift your leg, dred tons of wire have been saved. Seventy- | occupation. At Khorbet Rumah, a site of and kick him deftly in the eye. The effect is five tons of these little staples are used in the great mediæval interest, a rude Jewish tomb all the greater, as your adversary bas generUnited States every year, at a yearly saving to was found near the mouth of a large cave. ally concluded, from your first move, that you the public of $100,000, while $20,000 was all This corresponds with the story of an early intended to turn tail. If he follows you up, that the inventor, Byron Boardman, received | Jewish traveler, that at Rumah were to be
you regale him with a kick on the shin, which