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Mr. Henry J. Byron is as hard at work as only does the reviewer strongly object to its in moral and manly principle he was bimself At present, he tells me, he is writing a “ sensationalism,” but he takes exception to

entirely to blame. There is scarcely a phase four-act comedy, in which he himself will take its title. This is inappropriate, he remarks,

in his checkered life that would attach to his a principal part. It will be produced at the and he adds: “The fact is, we take it, that, with

character the slightest impress of honor. In

youth he was a dissipated scamp, and flourHaymarket at the conclusion of Mr. Major de a writer of Miss Braddop's school, the title of ished in the lowest company to be found. He Boots Clarke's engagement there. Mr. Byron the book is no more governed by the nature soon became an almost incorrigible thief; was has also in hand an original farcical comedy of the contents than is the color of the cover: several times publicly whipped, in his native for Mr. Sothern, who will appear in it first so long as the one catches the ear and the

town, for robbery. He at length tied to Lon

don to escape being detected for stealing Sir in the provinces. Mr. Clarke, by-the-by, is other the eye, nothing more is required. When

Thomas Lucy's venison. He led the life of a drawing wonderfully well at the Haymarket; the book is once bought and read, it matters respectable loafer for years before he got the house is crowded every night-and not little enough how the buyer's or the reader's

connected with the Blackfriars company. He with “paper;" and the audiences go--mira- notice has been secured. Hostages to For

saw poor Green, his friend and compeer, whose bile dictu! - into convulsions over his stale

works he had adapted to his own use and lune' is a nice, proverbial-sounding title, so

benefit, die of want before his eyes, and would grimaces and staler jokes.

on to the back of the book it goes, though it pot relieve him. His sycophaney to that halfI see that Madame Pauline Rita is thinking is equally appropriate to three-quarters of the crazed young nobleman, Southampton, was of paying you a visit. There's a treat in store novels that are written." By-the-way, a

most despicable. Here is some of the exfor you! Without exception, Madame Rita is statement made by one of your contempora

quisite flummery with which he dosed tbe

simple youth, and through which be wheedled the most unaffected and charming opéra-bouffe ries has annoyed Miss Braddon greatly. The him out of a thousand pounds: actress on the English stage. It's not so very journal in question declared that her new

'Lord of my love, to whom in vassalage long since that she made her first appearance story, “Dead Men's Shoes," at present run

Thy merit hath my duty strongly knit, on the theatrical stage (previously she'd been ning simultaneously in a dozen or so of our

To thee I send this written embassage,

To witness duty, not to show my wit.' performing only at music-halls), but at the provincial journals, had already run through present moment she is one of our greatest fa- an American magazine. The soft impeach

Observe the crawling meanness of the follow

ing: vorites.

ment is flatly denied by the popular authorMr. Charles Mathews, who seems to be

Oh, for my sake do thou with Fortune chide, ess. This system of simultaneous publica

The guilty goddess of my harmful deeds, getting younger every day, appeared the other tion, I should add, pays Miss Braddon re- That did not better for my life provide night in a new piece. Its title-it is running markably well. By it she gets some hundreds Than public means, which public manners

breeds.' at the Gaiety-is a strange one; its plot is no of pounds for the right to the serial publicaless singular. The one is " My Awful Dad;" tion of any new story she may write ; when it

He was through life a griping, greedy world

ling. After he became comparatively wealthy the other has been condensed as follows: is issued in three-volume form by her hus

he practised a sort of usury at Stratford, and band, Mr. John Maxwell, she must make at “ Adonis Evergreen, usually known as

did not scruple appearing in court to exact least another five hundred pounds out of it. the major,' is a youth of fifty, while his son

payment of the smallest sums from his poorDick, a barrister, is an elderly gentleman of No wonder he and she can afford to live in

est and most distressed neighbors. He betwenty-seven. The father's theory is that it such grand style at Richmond !

came a tithe-farmer, and endeavored to get

the Stratford Common inclosed in spite of the takes a long time for a grub to become a but- Mr. Dion Boucicault is triumphant. “The terfly. He is the butterfly and his son the

corporation authorities, who claimed it for Shaughraun (how do you pronounce the grub. He feels five-and-twenty, and ' behaves

the use of the poor, in order that his tithes as such;' and the son, who is rising in his

word ?) is a big success. Every paper in Lon- might be auginented. Notwithstanding his profession, has not only to supply money to don praises the piece as a piece ; every paper

humble origin, he aspired to found an aristothe parent, whom he terms a domestic ana

cratic family at his death, and for that purin London highly lauds the acting of Mrs. and conda,' but has also to bear the brunt of some

pose entailed his real estates in the ordinary Mr. B. True, the Athenæum, like other critiof the troubles and imbroglios which are

primogenitive form, willing his unfortunate cal publications, says that “« The Shaugh-wife, to whom he always behaved unnaturalbrought about by the high spirits of his you:h

raun' is simply · Arrah-na-Pogue' turned in- ly, a rickety old bedstead." ful progenitor. On one occasion, indeed, the major runs a considerable risk of damaging side out:" still, the fact remains that the

Surely the above is enough to make the the professional reputation of the staid Dick. play is “ drawing” wonderfully. ld Drury divine Will rise out of his very grave! There is to be a bal masqué, and the major is has not had such a crowded time of it before going in the character of Punch. The dress

A very meritorious exhibition of pictures is has been sent to Fig-tree Court, where Dick for years and years. He or she who does not

now on view at Liverpool. It includes a great pursues his vocation, and it no sooner arrives see“ The Shaughraun ” within the next week

many of the principal Royal Academy paintthan, Dick being at Westminster, its owner or so will argue his or herself unknown.

inga. Mr. Holman Hunt has sent a fine porproceeds to try it on. While arraying himself Some anonymous critic, with an obvious

trait of himself to it. Another note artistic is in the familiar garb, a knock is heard at the

contempt for the de mortuis, etc., maxim, has door, and Evergreen senior has just time to

that Mr. Millais, R. A., has taken to sceneslip on his son's wig and gown when a client

been giving it to Shakespeare hot and strong. painting. The new act-drop at the Manchesenters in the person of Mrs. Weddagain, who Isn't it high-treason to do that? Not only

ter Theatre Royal is by him. As promising has a sad tale to tell. Her late husband has does this gentleman-a woman could never be

a young artist as ever Mr. Millais was has just left her a large fortune on condition that she so severe-express his firm conviction that

died-Mr. G. J. Pinwell. Though only a few does not marry a man under fifty, and she

the "sweet swan of Avon" did not write half wants to know whether such a will can be

years over thirty, he bad done a great deal of contested. The major assumes a legal aspect, the plays with which he is credited, but he

exquisite work both in pencil and water-color. and, urged on by his client's pretty face (for

attacks the immortal bard's personal charac- The water-color societies both of here and he has not hesitated to assert that he is a bar- ter unsparingly. List to this:

Belgium were proud to number him as one of rister prepared to plead for her to his last gasp), he gives an impromptu address to an

“ Poor Shakespeare, then, was begot in their members. Then, he was one of the most imaginary jury ; in the vehemence of the mopoverty, was brought up in poverty, had not pleasant of men.

Will WILLIAMS. ment he forgets the Punch dress which at first

sufficient means whereby to live honestly in he had carefully concealed, and reveals him

his native place. After he went to London he self in all the glory of red and yellow. This

wandered in wretchedness about the streets, little difficulty he clears up by explaining that,

his only employment for years being the hold- RECENT POMPEIAN EXCAVATIONS. though himself a man of the strictest sobriety

ing of visitors' horses who came to see the and most solemn demeanor, a certain learned plays at the theatres. Hear himself:

NAPLES, September 3, 1875. judge gives way to frivolity in vacation term, 'In disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes,

The excavations at Pompeii are going on and it is necessary for young barristers to hu

I all alone beweep my outcast state.'

diligently, and with considerable result, almor his whims. Ultimately, the knotty point After bis connection with the theatrical pro- though the summer working - force numbers in the will is satisfactorily settled by the ma- fession, in which he never was much of an act

only about a hundred and thirty men. jor, who marries Mrs. Weddagaid himself, or, his poverty continued until he by chance and also, by a lucky accident, finds a beauti- got under the notice of Lord Southampton,

Among the most interesting of the objects ful and well-dowered bride for his son." and succeeded in cajoling that simple youth

found recently, are two skeletons, one of a out of a thousand pounds, by which his cir- somewhat elderly man, the other of a woman. This absurdity is founded on the younger cumstances were so improved that his indi- They were found in the Via Stabia, among Dumas's " Le Père Prodigue," and, of course, gence may be said to have then ceased. It

the ashes of the last eruption, evidently overis mainly intended to show how sprightly Mr.

was not his blame, neither, that his education Mathews, though more than the allotted threewas deficient. His parents could not afford to

taken in their flight, and buried among the pay for it. The little schooling he got was at

cinders. According to the usual method emscore and ten, can be. His vivacity is really a charity school in Stratford. A smattering | ployed to preserve the exterral appearance of remarkable. We shall all be surprised if he of Latin was taught in this establishment, but objects, liquid plaster was poured into the does not live to be a centenarian. our hero attained no proficiency in that classic

cavity, which serving as a mould, a fac-simile The Athenæum has been giving Miss Brad

tongue. His old friend Jonson said he had
acquired ' a little Latin and less Greek.' It is

of the forms was obtained; and, thus perfectly don some hard knocks over the knuckles for settled beyond all dispute that he vever read

preserved, the statue-like bodies were placed her new novel, “ Hostages to Fortune." Not the ancients in classic lore. For his poverty in glass cases in the Pompeii Museum.

seen.

While appreciating all the horror of such sary. Each of these six-paged tablets has A neighboring shop is frescoed with charmB death, and the suffering endured, as shown perforations in the margin, through which ing little vignettes, one of Mercury and Bacby the position of the limbs, one cannot but passed two cords, which were tied on the back chus, another of Venus and Cupid angling, imagine what would have been the astonish- of the libretto, in two knots. Another, around with good luck, evidently, as the large fish ment of that man and woman had some proph- the cover, held the three tablets tightly to- are seen in the clear water dangling from their et informed them that eighteen hundred years gether. The waxed pages are almost illegible, lines. There is Cupid in a variety of graceful after their death their forms and even as much as the wax was absorbed by the wood, and actions, now playing on a lute, now eating of their garments as were not consumed in the thus the writing has disappeared; but, the grapes with a comrade, on whom a little dog eruption would be placed in a museum for in- third page being written with ink, the char- has put his forelegs, begging to share in the spection by a multitude of sight-seers, some acters are perfectly recognizable. The con- repast. In another vignette Cupid is seen from lands the existence of which they had tents are all contracts of loans and quittances playing the tibia, now the horn, and again he never dreamed of.

of payment. The contract is written on the is astride of a dolphiu on the sea, carrying a The poor woman is lying on her face, and fourth and fifth pages, while on the third are letter to some love-lorn, green-crowned deity. even the form of her hair, put up behind, is the names of the witnesses, to the number of On the sides of many of the shops on the seen. One arm shields her forehead, and she from five to nine. The tablets have been care- street are inscriptions written in irregular red is supported by the other. Her stony limbs fully carried to the National Museum at Na- characters on the stucco. are well formed, and traces of a garment are ples, and are being studied and arranged in In another of the recently-excavated buildseen passing in folds around her. The man, the papyrus section. A few of them have | ings is an admirably-arranged kitchen, in although placed on his back in the exhibition, been already placed in the papyrus cases for which a deep, bronze, and perfectly clean when found was turned on his side. One arm public view.

boiler (as it might well be after its long cleansrests on his hip, the other is uplifted. The The house in which the tablets were founding with ashes), still remains. Below it is a face is somewhat distorted, but massive and is supposed by Professor de Petra to have large opening for the fire. The whole arrangesmoothly shaven. Even the form of the fas- been the residence of a banker, and one of ment of the kitchen suggests that an aparttenings of the sandals around the ankle, and means, since the fourth part of his credit, as ment in one of these Pompeian houses would of the long button higher up on the leg to hold recorded in the tablets, was already a million furnish more comfortable culinary conventhem, is clearly seen. The limbs are partly of sesterces (about forty thousand dollars). iences than are often to be found in the moddrawn up.

The marbles, frescoes, and adornments of the ern Italiau “palaces." The court is adorned The skeleton of a tolerably large dog, also dwelling evinoe wealth and taste. Here was with a marble fountain (there was a faun, recently found, is in the Museum of Pompeii, found a remarkably life-like portrait-bust in through wbose mouth the water fell, but it his whole form preserved in plaster, in the bronze, which now,'with its pedestal, stands has been removed to the Naples Museum), and same manner as those just mentioned. He is in the bronze-room of the Naples Museum. a white-marble table. The inner room conlying on his back, writhing in suffering, biting One of the large frescoes represents Ariadne tains three large marble tanks, and the openhis hind-leg. The rings in his collar are plain abandoned by Theseus; another is a hunting- | ing for the water-pipes which filled them is ly seen. scene, in which are lions, deer, goats, and a

On the side of the wall are caricature If we walk directly to the street where the cat! l'here are also " The Judgment of Paris" frescoes. Among these is a wounded man excavators are at work (Region VI., Island 14), and several beautiful heads in oval form, ap- | demanding justice, and the site of the dyers is we find a number of buildings on each side of parently portraits, perhaps of members of the represented. For the establishment is supthe road (Decumanus major, or Via Stabia) ex- family, done by some Pompeian Copley ! posed to have been a dyeing and cleansing cavated, and ready for inspection, while some Opposite is the house, in front of which its house, and a quantity of a substance which, of them are left purposely unfinished, in order faithful guardian the dog was found, now in when analyzed, proved to be soap, was found to make the final excavations on the occasion of the museum. Had he escaped the stream of in an adjoining small room. the visit of distinguished persons to Pompeii. Vesuvius ashes he would have suffered less, Returning from the Via Stabia, we pass

The limit of the tinished excavations is but would have lost this plaster immortality! along the silent, disclosed streets, sometimes near where the skeletons of the man and wom- In the peristylium of this fine dwelling a half- crossing them on the wide stepping - stones an were found. In this bank the difference of bust of a man, about sixty years of age, was made for the convenience of Pompeian pethe eruptions is clearly seen. There are four found, injured in the nose, chin, and ear. The destrians, and between which the deep ruts Jayers; the first, or lowest, and the third, con- chief ornament of this dwelling is a grandiose made by the chariot-wheels show the width sist mostly of lapillæ (light, porous stones), fresco, representing Orpheus, colossal in size, of the vehicles, that must have been numerous and are so hard and compact that the cavities playing on a harp, and descending a flight of and heavy to bave liollowed such deep grooves. around the objects cannot be filled with plas- stone steps, followed by a lion on one side and We cannot resist, from time to time, entering ter, and the impression taken in the manner a tiger on the other, while below are a boar the tessellated and fountain-adorned courts of already described. This can only be done in and fawn, all evidently entranced by the mu- some of the largest dwellings, to feast our the second or next to the lowest stratum, and sic. The face of Orpheus is very fine. In eyes upon the graceful, natural frescoes still also in the fourth or upper, since these con- the dining-room is represented a temple con- remaining, often in vivid colors, to show us sist, the former of scoriæ or cinders alone, and taining a burning sacriäcial altar, directly over the superiority of artists who, untrammeled, tho latter of scoriæ mixed with lapillæ. which a full-length figure of Diana is seen, gave free play to their fancy, in representa

The last excavations on this via are mostly while higher above Minerva is hovering. The tions of the then existing human life, of the of shops, opening directly upon the street, and

decorations in another room are in the Egyp- scenes they often witnessed, or of the deities of private dwellings, the entrances to which tian style; there are figures of warriors, an and the legends connected with them, that are generally between the shops.

ibis, and a landscape, in which is a Hermes of their religion taught them to believe. Two of these residences are very interest- Priapus.

Unconscious that they were painting as ing, one especially, from the case containing

The last house excavated contains a small much for those living in the nineteenth cenwritten tablets found in whut was evidently bakery. In the corner of one room is a cis- tury as for the Pompeians of their times, an upper chamber, over the northern portico tern, and opposite a small marble temple, their wise choice of the subjects most familiar of the peristyle.

which contained a little statuette of Venus to them, has resulted in their works being alThe wooden box (square, 0.70 metre on decorated with tiny armlets and anklets of most like photographic representations of the each side) was quite charred, and soon fell to pure gold. The goddess seems to be trying customs and religion of the epoch. Suppose, dust, but the tablets inside, although also car- to remove one of the anklets. The statuette however, that the Naples of the present day bonized, were well preserved, and arranged in has been placed in the bronze collection of should be buried under showers of cinders an orderly manner, one over the other. They the Naples Museum. In this same Pompeian from Vesuvius (as the last eruption slightly are all of wood (about one hundred and twen- house there is a beautiful fresco representing threatened), and after two thousand years ty by ninety millimetres), and arranged in tall plants growing from behind a balustrade; should be excavated, how few of the paintings threes.* The first and sixth pages served as birds nestle among the verdure, and above are and works of art that would be found would covers, and are without writing. Around two side-terraces adorned with vases and ani- give any idea of the present Neapolitan mode these a cord evidently passed. The second mals. In another room is a fine Hercules land- of life! For the interests of the future antipage is waxed and protected in its four mar- ing in ancient Sicily. A half-injured fresco quarians and historians, though only of the gins by a raised cornice. The third is divided represents men struggling with serpents, a next century, it would be well if artists would into two columns, but not waxed, and there- bull careering, while one man lies dead in the more frequently use their talents in representfore without the raised cornice, as unneces- arena, and the spectators of the conflict look ing the scenes of every-day life about them,

on tranquilly from their seats. The other in which there is often a picturesque and po"Bulletino dell'Instituto di Corrispondenza rooms are mostly adorned with paintings of etic side, even in the simplest groups.

In Archeologica," Luglio, 1875. birds.

Naples, especially, most interesting and char

UP

acteristio incidents are constantly taking place | natural-bistory journals, we feel that no apol- | and, when near enough, one of them struck in the streets, along the shore, in the markets

ogy is needed for referring to it in a depart- it with his gaff. Immediately it showed signs and cafés, of which a skillful artist could easi

ment devoted to scientific information. A of life and reared a parrot-like beak, with ly avail himself, not only to show Neapolitan

recent authority describes the octopus as a which it struck the bottom of the boat violife, but to express many a humane thought, grotesque fancy, or beautiful conception !

cephalopod mollusk, having a round, purse

like body, without tins, and eight arms, united C. L. WILLS.

at the base by a web, by opening and shut.

ting which it swims backward, after the manScience, Ynvention, Discovery. ner of jelly-fishes ; each arm has a double al

ternate series of suckers, by which the prey

is secured or the body moored to the subTHE OCTOPUS.

marine rocks. The accompanying illustraCP to date of the publication of Victor tions will serve to convey a clear idea as to

Hugo's “ Toilers of the Sea,” the pop- the general form and structure of these creatular belief in the existence of the so-called ures, of which there are more than forty devil-fish was founded chiefly on the old and species. Though, as will be seen by subse. quent references, these creatures grow to an

An Octopus crawling. astounding size, yet their average dimensions are not such as to excite special ren rk. lently. It then shot out from about its head The common poulpe (Octopus vulgaris) is found two huge, livid arms, and began to twide principally in the temperate seas, and has a them about the boat. One of the men then body about the size of a clinched fist, the seized an axe, and, striking the arms as they arms extending to three or four feet. The lay across the gunwale of the boat, severed species known as the Octopus tuberculata them from the body. The creature then makes its home in the Mediterranean, and moved off, surrounded by an inky cloud, its dimensions are about the same as those which was caused by the ejection of a black above given. Its flesh is at times used for fluid. It is one of these arms that now is food, and may be purchased in the markets preserved in alcohol, and which has been deof Naples and Smyrna. The Octopus Bairdii, scribed by Mr. Harvey as follows: named by Professor Verrill after our distin- “It measured nineteen feet, is of a pale. guished naturalist, Professor Baird, was dis. pink color, and entirely cartilaginous, tough covered in the deep waters of the Bay of and pliant as leather, and very strong. It is

Fundy. None of these are described as be- but three inches and a half in circumference, Common Poulpe (Octopus vulgaris).

ing of great size, though they prove none the except toward the extremity, where it broad

less interesting to the naturalist, who finds ens like an oar to six inches in circumference, extravagant legends of the kraken. This form and structure rather than bulk the and then tapers to a pretty fine point. The monster was represented in early geographies chief features of interest and study.

under surface of the extremity is covered as of a size so immense as to grasp and pull Turning now from this necessarily brief with suckers to the very point. First there beneath the waves a large-sized sailing.vessel. notice of these three species, we will direct is a cluster of small suckers, with fine, sbarp Although it was deemed hardly probable that attention to certain recent statements regard-teeth round their edges, and with a memso distinguished an author as Hugo would ing the gigantic cuttle-fish which have from brane stretched across each. Of these there venture to introduce, even in a work of fic. time to time been found in the waters about are about seventy. Then come two rows of tion, a purely imaginary sea-monster, yet so Newfoundland. For the most full and satis- very large suckers, the movable disk of each graphic and startling was the description factory accounts of these sea - monsters, we an inch and a quarter in diameter, the cartigiven of the devil.fish that, but for subse. are indebted to Rev. Mr. Harvey, of St. John, laginous ring not being denticulated. These quent and authoritative verification of its and all recent writers on the subject stand are twenty-four in number. After these dimensions, the reader might still feel prone ready to accord to this gentleman every honor there is another group of suckers with dento regard it as simply a novel conception of for the zeal and labor he has bestowed in ticulated edges, similar to the first, about fifty a marine hero. It is to several of the most obtaining trustworthy information on the sub- in number. Along the under surface about

ject.

In a paper on the “Devil-Fish,” which
appeared in the JOURNAL, January 31, 1874,
extended space was given to Mr. Harvey's
observations, and especially to his graphic
description of one of these sea - monsters,
which was captured in Conception Bay, near
Portugal Cove. Special interest and impor-
tance are attached to this specimen, since
there was actually secured and is now pre-
served in the local museum a portion of one
of the arms of the monster. As it is possi.
ble that our readers may fail to recall the
many facts regarding the devil-fish as pre-
sented in the paper mentioned, and also for
the reason that in the treatment of all natu-
ral-history subjects the presence of grapbic
illustrations are a great aid to the written

word, we are prompted to again notice Mr.
Octopus tuberculata.
Harvey's description of his prize. It appears

Octopus Bairdii (life-size). that two fishermen, while out in a small boat, recent of these trustworthy descriptions of were attracted by some object moving in the fifty more small suckers are distinguished at the octopus that attention is now directed, water near them. Their first impression seems intervals, making in all about one hundred and since the subject is one the consideration to have been that it was a large sail or the and eighty suckers. The men estimate that of which has found a large space in the latest débris of a wreck. The men rowed toward it, I they left at least ten feet of the arm attached

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

it came.

to the body of the fish, so that its original time, being divided into four gangs. It re- admire loudly and openly, you will disappoint length must have been thirty-five feet.” quired two million feet of lumber, but the your friends; and they will think their effect In describiug the breathing.organs, as well

item which astonished me most was that there is not good, and that all their efforts have been

were twenty-eight tons, or fifty-six thousand in vain. as those designed for ejecting the inky fluid,

"Nein! aber wie schön!" says a the writer states that connected with the

pounds, of nails used in the construction of friend to you; and, while you modestly reply, this fiume.

“No, really ; but you are yourself charning,” body is a funnel, through which the water is

the same reciprocities will be passing all ejected after the extraction of its oxygen by Our renders will recall the illustrated de.

around you. No lady hesitates to ask where the breathing-organs. This funnel runs the scription recently given in these columns of

you got your gown, and how much it cost the entire length of the body. It serves another Mr. Griffith's plan for protecting the screws

ell. A friend of mine once traveled from the purpose: when the water is forcibly ejected of propellers by means of an iron casing.

Dan of the north to the Beersheba of the by the reaction of the surrounding medium, Certain favorable results, obtained by the trial

south in a gray-tweed water-proof costume; the fish moves backward with great swiftness, of her majesty's steamer Bruiser, were then

and in every railway-carriage she entered durnoticed and commented upon. We have now while the forward motion is accomplished by

ing the journey she was asked the price of the at hand still more favorable accounts from the the movements of its tail. There is a second

dress, the name of the material, and whence same quarter, which justify our action in

With the reply, “From England," funnel, through which the inky fluid which it choosing this invention as the subject of a

the unfailing remark, “ Das hab' ich mir schon secretes is ejected when the creature wishes special illustrated description. In noticing gleich gedacht,” showed the appreciative faoto escape from its pursuers. the result of these further trials, the Eng

ulty of the gentle questioners; but the price We might add to this description those of lish Mechanic states that not only is an in

outraged them. To spend such a sum on a many other observers, but in so doing we creased speed obtained, but in addition the

mere traveling-dress-on a dress that was to should be compelled to merely retrace the vessel is more easily steered, and there is

keep you warm, and dry, and comfortable; little or no vibration felt, while it is next to ground so thoroughly gone over by the writer

that was light, and water-tight, and almost impossible to foul the screw. Another and, of our former communication. Should our

untearable-seemed to them an altogether unin one sense, most important fact was also disreaders, however, find the subject of sufficient

pardonable extravagance. covered while the Bruiser was at sea-viz., scientific interest to command more careful

German women are almost entirely without that, when pitching in heavy seas, the engines personal vanity. Their solicitude about their consideration, we would refer them to the worked as smoothly as in fine weather, the

clothes, the time spent in talking toilet, bas above-mentioned paper; also to the Ameri. cause being attributable to to the fact that when

its pathetic as well as its twaddling side. One can Naturalist for January and February, the stern is lifted the casing holds a quantity

may read beneath the talk of tags and rags, 1875, and to Silliman's Journal for February of water which offers sufficient resistance to

of chignous and chiffons, a very real and a and March of the same year, the latter being the motion of the propeller to prevent the en

very painful humility. What in our haste we extended and exhaustive accounts of these gines racing.

may take for vanity, is just the reverse of it. creatures from the pen of Professor Verrill. We have the last news from the Alert and

This very anxiety as to appearance, this weariDiscovery which we shall receive for many a

some discussion of sumptuary details, betrays month. This word comes by her majesty's

a want of self-confidence, of self-reliance, alA CORRESPONDENT of the Tribune, writing steamship Valorous, which acted as consort to

most of self-respect, that at once grieves and from Virginia City, Nevada, gives the followthe arctic ships, and parted with them at

depresses the outsider. They have no confiing account of the great flume through which Disco July 17th. From English sources we

dence in themselves, no belief in being able timber is floated from the slopes of the Sierra learn that the Discovery will probably winter

to please but by virtue of their coverings ; Nevada down to the mills at their base. This in latitude 82° north, while the Alert will push

their dress must do it, not they ; a German flume is the property of several of the great on to 84° north, if possible. Should ro land

girl would expect a man to fall in love with her, mining companies of that region. It is fifteen be in sight to the northward of Grinnell Land,

if at all, when she has her best gown on; the miles in length, and shaped like a letter V, Captain Nares will winter close in-shore and

gown counts for so much more, to her humble being made of two-inch plank nailed together. endeavor to push northward the following

mind, than the body and the soul inside it. Its width across the top is two and one-half summer. But, should land be sighted to the

The very words Putz, geputzt, have an emifeet. “It is built wholly upon trestle - work north, the Alert will be taken this fall to as

nently displeasing ring of tawdriness about and stringers; there is not a cut in the whole high a latitude as possible. Should the ex

them, suggestive of incongruous frippery and distance, and the grade is so heavy that there pedition not return before 1877, a relief-ship

finery. is little danger of a jam. The trestle-work is will then be dispatched from England.

Dress ceases to be a pleasure when it bevery substantial, and is undoubtedly strong

comes a source of strifes and envyings. The enough to support a narrow-gauge railway. It DR. Paul Jolly, in a recent work on to- life of the ordinary German woman is, perruns over foot-hills, through valleys, around bacco and absinthe, gives the following table haps, above all others, calculated to develop mountains, and across cañons. In one place as showing the percentage of nicotine to be that faculty for “the infinitely little" which it is seventy feet high. The highest point of found in tobacco obtained from the several reduces existence to the dead-level of Philisthe flume from the plain is three thousand sources indicated: The percentage of nicotine tinism, and to encourage that mean, personal seven hundred feet, and on an air-line from from tobaccos of the Levant, Greece, and Hun- estimate of things which Goethe inveighs beginning to end the distance is eight miles, gary, is 0.00; in those of Arabia, Havana, and against as the Gemeinheit des Lebens. In this the course thus taking up seven miles in Paraguay, 2.00; Maryland, 2.29; Alsace, 3.81; spirit women, otherwise really amiable und twists and turns. The trestle-work is thor- Pas-de-Calais, 4.96 ; Kentucky, 6.09; L'Ille- estimable, will tear a toilet to tatters, pry, inoughly braced longitudinally and across, so et-Vilaine, 6.20; Nord, 6.58; Virginia, 6.87 ; spect, cavil, and condemn, with a pertinacity that no break can extend farther than a single Lot-et-Garonne, 7.34 ; Lot, 7.36.

worthy of a better cause throughout a whole box, which is sixteen feet. All the main sup

afternoon. ports, which are five feet apart, are firmly set

Men in Germany are rarely seen out of uniin mud-sills, and the boxes or troughs rest in Miscellany :

form ; when they are, it is greatly to their disbrackets four feet apart. These again rest

advantage. Yet such is the inconsistency of upon substantial stringers. The grade of the NOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE human nature that nothing affords a young figme is between sixteen hundred and two

AND THERE.

officer so much delight as to elude the vigithousand feet from top to bottom-a distance,

lance of his Vorgesetzten, and appear at a picnic as previously stated, of fifteen miles. The

E find in Countess von Bothmer's pict.

or on an excursion en civil. In Germany, where sharpest fall is three feet in six. There are

every one is a soldier first and a man aftertwo reservoirs from which the flume is fed :

ures of “German Home-Life" an ad

ward (very much afterward), the freedom one is eleven hundred feet long, and the other ditional interesting fact or two in regard to granted to our plungers and friskers to promesix hundred feet. A ditch nearly two miles the social customs of the people :

nade along Piccadilly or down the shady side long takes the water to the first reservoir,

of Pall Mall in garments eloquent of Poole is whence it is conveyed three and one-quarter Cosmetics, paints, and washes, auricomous unknown. The most audacious of Moltke's miles to the flume through a feeder capable fluids and Tyrian dyes, have not as yet en- heroes would scarcely dare to pass under the of carrying four hundred and fifty inches of tered into German home-life. But among the nose of his superior officer in non-military water. The whole flume was built in ten "upper ten" they are as popular in Germany garments. Sooth to say, the travesty is not weeks. In that time all the trestle - work, as elsewhere. Personal remarks are not, as telling. The young man's legs, which looked stringers, and boxes, were put in place. About with us, considered ill-bred. On the contra- straight in uniform, appear stiff dow; his two hundred men were employed on it at one ry, they are almost de rigueur. If you do not waist, wbich is accustomed to the belted sword, seems wanting in balance and compres- could give up the whole of the penalty, he makes his sliare over to the man who ought sion; his well-squared shoulders appear clam- could certainly give up a part. He could have to be in jail for abduction and larceny, upon oring for the epaulets; his hand gropes for the taken half an ounce of flesh if he pleased, but condition of Shylock becoming a Christiar. sword-hilt; he can scarcely be expected to would have had no right to cut and come What a curious estimate he must have formed carry an umbrella (that weapon so dear to the again. His remedy would have been exhaust- of Christians' ways! If he were the man we heart of the Briton), and his swagger seems ed. He was entitled to cut as much as he usually take him to be, he would have got inappropriate shorn of sabre and stock. On pleased less than a pound. He was entitled christened straightway, in order to take adthe whole, he has very inuch the appearance to all the blood, bone, sinew, fibre, and what vantage of such admirable dodges for doing of a petit épicier endimanché. The clothes, be- not, which that flesh contained as component people out of their rights. I do not think be ing only taken out at rare and distant inter- and necessary parts thereof—and they jewed did so. I fancy he had put something away vals, usually belong to a past fashion, and, him out of it.

where they could not get at it. Assigned it being worn surreptitiously, with frequent glan- Nor is this all the bad law and worse logic to Tubal, or some one upon trust. I fancy cings round corners lest generals should be in the case. After having intimidated Shy- that he and Antonio went into business tolying in ambush, with three days' Zimmerar- lock out of his penalty, they not only refuse gether when the fuss had blown over, and that rest for the youthful irregularity of costume, him his principal, but decide that he has in- the latter got rich out of the sharp usury of there is a want of ease and dignity disastrous curred the penalty of death and loss of all his his sleeping partner. How Jessica spent all to the effect of the young man's conquering goods, because, being an alien, he has sought her ill-got wealth on monkeys and what not, charms. He was very handsome in his uni- the life of a citizen of Venice. Sought the and ran away with Gratiano, is not recorded form. Why didn't he stay in it ?

life? There was nothing about life in the in the play; but be sure that was the sequel.

bond. Be consistent, most learned judge. If I dare say she went back to her old father in The last Temple Bar has an article with

you presume that cutting a pound of flesh the end. and was forgiven. So good a hater

nearest a man's heart involves, by necessity, must bave loved well. He loved his daughthe somewhnt vulgar title of “Shylock the his life—what about the blood quibble, thou ter-and his ducats too! Well, what else had Jew-ed,” in which the writer attempts to Daniel, come to judgment? The shedding of he to love? The squalid Ghetto wherein he show that Shylock was a persecuted man, and

blood is involved, by necessity, too. You was forced to live? the yellow badge of scom

would not let the Jew have, by implication, he was compelled to wear? the fine gentlemen the law of the famous trial bad law :

the blood; why, then, charge bim by implica- who cursed him in iheir prosperity and cringed It has been contended that Shakespeare tion with the life? Why spring this idea at to him in their need? or the fine ladies who was a lawyer's clerk. If so-Heaver defend the end, instead of the beginning of the trial, made justice into a masquerade, blew hot and me from such a lawyer as taught him! The if there were any thing in it? There was cold as it suited them, and ruined him? Hordoge, having all Venice to choose from for an nothing in it. Shylock had not, "by direct rible! for a Jew to love money; but quite right assessor (if he wanted one), affronts his own or indirect attempt," sought the life of any for his daughter to steal it, and give it to her city and its bar by sending to Padua for the citizen. An attempt”

" is an act-pot a wish gentleman (?) lover. Horrible ! for a Jew to “ learned Bellario," who, being sick, sends in or a thought-a something done, the natural contemplate the cutting of a pound of human his stead a young doctor from Rome-in fact, consequence of which will be the thing pro- flesh in revenge for filthy outrage ; but quite Portia, disguised. Now, I do hope there was hibited. Shylock never made any such “at- correct for two gallants to carve each other all no consultation between these two. I would tempt.” They would not let him. They beat over iu a dispute about the color of a lady's rather suppose, for Bellario's credit as a law- him out of it. And, when he gave in, and eyes! Had Shylock lived in these days, the yer, that Portia forged that letter, and evolved threw down his knife in obedience to their bad strength of his disposition would have gained those miserable quibbles, which she pleaded law, they turned round on him and said, “ Oh, him distinction. Nothing short of being Archafterward, out of her inward consciousness. you've attempted the life of a citizen!” The bishop of Canterbury or lord-chancellor would She is accepted as assessor, and immediately poor doge cuts in like one of the great unpaid have been out of his reach. He would bave “sits upon” the court-not in the technical of modern days, whose clerk has been decid- earned the eternal gratitude of mankind by sense as becoming a member herselt, but in ing something for him, and is immediately carrying a bill for the total suppression of the slang meaning of those two words. She snubbed by Portia. Half the Jew's wealth is street-music, have subscribed largely to all snubs and suppresses it, instanter! The doge forfeited to the state, and half to Antonio, who sorts of charities, been made a barouet, and is extinguished. She states the law, and how? never paid his bond, but who graciously (?) have died full of years and honor. There is no contest as to the making of the bond, or its forfeiture ; but this extraordinary principle is stated: A man who is entitled to

Notices. cut a pound of living flesh may not shed a drop of blood, because there is no mention of blood in the bond. Omne majorem in se mi- SCIENTIFIC BOOKS. -Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on Architecnorem continet—the greater includes the less- ture, Astronomy, Chemistry, Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND, says a mixim of law older than Venice. Per- Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York. mission to take a thing involves a grant of the

MONTHLY PARTS OF APPLETONS JOURNAL.-APPLETONS' JOURNAL is necessary ways and means to take it. Both parties had agreed that the flesh was to be

put up in Monthly Parts, sewed and trimmed. Tivo out of every three parts contain four weekly numbers; the cut. It could not be cut without shedding

third contains five weekly numbers. Price of parts containing four weekly numbers, 40 cents; of those containing

five numbers, 50 cents. Subscription price per annum, $4.50. blood. Therefore, they had agreed (by pre

For sale by all booksellers and newsdealers D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, 549 & 557 Broadway, New York. sumption) to shed blood, if the cutting took place. But you may say there is to be no pre

BINDING AND READING CASES.—Binding Cases for the volumes of APPLETONS' sumption: Shylock stuck to the letter of his

Journal, in cloth, gilt back and side. Price, 75 cents each. Reading Cases, bound in half leather, $1.00. Either bond. Good! Then Shylock might have

of the Cases mailed post-free to any address, on receipt of price. In ordering, pains should be taken to designate turned the tables and said, “ The bond does

accurately whether a Reading Case or Binding Case is wanted. The trade supplied. D. Appleton & Co., not contain any thing about bleeding. You

Publishers, New York. (Antonio) have got to yield me a ound of flesh without any blood. If you choose to TO RAILWAY TRAVELERS.-In order to save trouble and anxiety in reference to bleed, so much the worse for you.” What which route to select previous to commencing your journey, be careful and purchase a copy of APPLETONS' would Madame Assessor have had in reply to Railway Guide. Thousands and tens of thousands of Railway Travelers would as soon think of starting on this? But she does not stop here. She says, their journey without their baggage as without a copy of the GUIDE. Price, 25 cents.

D. APPLETON & Co., " If thou takest more or less than a just pound Publishers, New York. ... thou diest." Why? Surely a debtor may take less than his due. If you owe me

THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY. (Established May, 1872.) Conducted five shillings, can any power on earth prevent

by Prof. E. L. Youmans. The Popular SCIENCE MONTILY was started to promote the diffusion of valuable me from accepting four and sixpence? Why,

scientific knowledge, in a readable and attractive form, among all classes of the community, and has thus far met before Portia comes in they beg and pray Shy

a want supplied by no other periodical in the United States. The great feature of the magazine is, that its con

tents are not what science was ten or more years since, but what it is to-day, fresh from the study, the laboratory, lock to forego the whole of his penalty! thus

and the experiment; clothed in the language of the authors, inventors, and scientists themselves, who comprise admitting that he was not without discretion

the leading minds of England, France, Germany, and the United States. The Popular SCIENCE MONTHLY 15 as to the extent to which he would press his published in a large octavo, handsomely printed from clear type, and, when the subject admits, fully illustrated

. remedy. " Take the sum twice told,” urges Terms: $5 per annum (postage prepaid), or 50 cents per Number. APPLETONS' JOURNAL and THE POPULAR Portia, “and bid me tear the bond." If he SCIENCE MONTHLY, together, for $8 per annum, postage prepaid. D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, New York.

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