« הקודםהמשך »
THE average American tourist is good-bu
impress all unbiased minds alike, thus beau- the result of an unwillingness to entertain an tifully illustrating the sententious old maxim unwelcome truth, we must admit that it is in EDITOR'S TABLE. of the Romans, Vox populi vox Dei. These the highest degree chargeable with folly. But intuitions are always strongly marked with we may question whether it is always, or even
THE the peculiarity that, although they may not usually, the offspring of a parent so unworneed the support of argument, they are not thy, and whether, on the contrary, it may not
mored and easily contented. It is rarely opposed to reason. There are cases, how- be one of those deep and resistless intuitions
that he grumbles, even under injury. And he ever, in which the vox populi has been in di- of the universal mind, having in this fact the is prone to lively gratitude when, in the course rect opposition to the vox Dei, as afterward proof that it is the outspeaking voice of God of bis travels, he is made here and there revealed by reason, though none of these himself. That the human body is mortal no thoroughly comfortable. It is quite needless cases are of a moral nature, nor is their ac- one can doubt; it is obvious to every sense,
to poiut out bow dependent he is upon the companying perception worthy the name of and attested by every law of Nature. If
well- keeping of hotels. We do not design intuition. A few generations back, under man has an immortal part, it must be a somethe guidance of another old proverb that thing which is invisible, intangible, beyond
to become cynically bitter upon the Amer. Sveing is believing, “everybody said” that the the reach of sense and of material laws.
ican landlord, much less to compare him un. world was flat, and that it was a sort of im- | Now, it is an important fact, as significant as favorably with his foreign confrère. In very movable centre around which daily revolved it is singular, that the conception we form of many respects the average first-class Amerthe sun, moon, and stars. But when this other people and the conception we form of ican hotel is quite superior to the average "voice of the people" came to be tested by ourselves are from totally different stand
first-class European hotel. Its rooms are facts, which reason proclaimed to be utter- points. When the name of another is menances of God in Nature, it was found to be tioned there instantly rises before the mind
larger; its linen is cleaner and drier; its utterly false, being an illusion of the senses; of the listener an image of that person's service is more assiduous, and on the whole the earth is not flat, nor do any of the heav. bodily presence. When our own names are less mercenary; its food more various and enly bodies daily rotate around it. Then, mentioned there arises no bodily image (we quite as good ; and its method of charging again, that mysterious and all-prevailing au- do not thus symbolize ourselves; indeed, we more satisfactory. Yet the ideal hotel is thority known as everybody" is proved in cannot, for the man who “beholdeth his natu
rarely to be found. He who aspires to keep many cases to be a mere myth, being com- ral face in a glass, goeth bis way and straightposed oftentimes of one's own party in poli
such a one must be great in detail. In one way forgetleth what manner of man he was "'). tics or clique in society, while their maxims The mention of our own names is instantly
or two little, or seemingly little, things a are contradicted by people of other parties associated with certain consciousnesses of very beneficent improvement migbt be made and of other cliques. There is one form, i thought and feeling, which constitute our in most of our hostelries, large and small, however — and perhaps but one — in which mental picture of self, and by which we dis
with little expense, and no very harrowing reverence for a universal verdict is usually tinguish that self from all other beings. In
amount of care. The average traveler, for liable to be cherislied to an injurious extent. other words, the idea we naturally form of
instance, might be conciliated, in the matter It is when that verdict comes in the shape others is bodily ; the idea we form of ourof a time-honored but unsound proverb, or in selves is spiritual. When, therefore, the
of food, by a few simple and wholesome re. the false interpretation of a sound one. The mortality of another is alluded to, our con
forms. We would commend to enterprising popular sentiment toward all such proverbs ception of it is easy, because we have only to “mine hosts" everywhere rather more atis well expressed in the stanza of an old Eng. imagine the living body of that other pale, tention to the arts of making good bread, lish poet : cold, and stiff in death. But when our own
distilling good coffee, and the cooking of * The people's voice the voice of God we call; mortality is the subject of thought, we can.
plain steaks and chops. A traveler, even if And what are proverbs but the people's voice, not without special effort realize it, because Coined first and current made by public
he be stopping at a hotel-palace in New York, these consciousnesses by which self identi. choice? Then sure they must have weight and force
fies self cannot be conceived of as pale, cold, Saratoga, or Newport, will generally find the withal."
stiff, or, in fact, other than living and active. fancy, fixed-up, Frenchified dishes, which take At the risk of disturbing the shades of
If, therefore, the soul of man be immortal, up so much space on the bewildering bill of the poets by irreverent criticism, we must this natural tendency of men to
fare, pall upon his taste ere many trials; and notice another saying from the land of song, “think all men mortal but themselves"
will fall back upon the plain and substantial being nothing less than Dr. Young's celebrat
is not in all cases the insane habit which Dr. food to which he is accustomed at home. ed lineYoung seems to have supposed, but, on the
If he finds the coffee, the bread, the beef, * All men think all men mortal but themselves." contrary, may be a noble instinct, revealing
and the mutton, as good as they are upon his These words embody a noble as well as a to us, as by a voice from heaven, the mo.
own table, he is usually thankful and conreprebensible truth-not always appreciated, mentous truth that we are immortal !
tent. An botel that is famous for its good however, by those who quote, and not even
F. R. GOULDING.
bread has a far better lease of prosperity acknowledged by the learned author from whose pen they flowed. He intended them
than one that is famous for its good frican.
WOMAN'S NATURE, as a biting sarcasm on the folly of procrasti
deaus, vols au vent, or new-fangled entrées. nation, especially in the matter of religion ;
Yet it is exceptional when the traveler hits and he seems not to have been able to dis- S"
HE'S very shy, forsooth;
upon really good bread and good coffee. cern any thing but insanity in the slowness
When women hesitate,
The average bread and coffee, even at firstof mankind to realize the truth of their own
There is no cause for worry.
class hotels at summer resorts, are just sufmortality.* Now, whenever this slowness is
What mean the April clouds ?
ferable, and that is all. Better bread and * The following lines will suffice to show the
Nothing but summer roses ;
coffee will be found in nine out of ten of the animus of the passage, though better shown by
The next a smile discloses. quoting more largely:
private houses of a respectable New York ** 'Tis not in folly not to scorn a fool,
When she is proud and cold,
street. Yet it would seem to be an easy And scarce in human wisdom to do more.
You should be pleased the better. All promise is poor, dilatory man.
Given her own wild way,
matter for a landlord, who must be supposed At thirty man suspects himself a fool;
She'll ask you for a fetter.
to have abundant means with which to seKnows it at forty, and reforms his plan ; At fifty chides his infamous delay,
What have you been about?
cure the best bread and coffee making talent, Pushes his prudent purpose to resolve;
Not woman's nature learningIn all the magnanimity of thought
Her dear heart goes away,
to provide his guests with that for which Resolves-and reresolves; then dies the same.
For sake of the returning.
they would, as a rule, far more heartily And why? Because he thinks himself immortal. All men think all men mortal but themselves."
M. F. BUTTS. thank him than for the more ostentatious
dishes which his head-cook tasks an inven. | which suggested the main plan of the Grand | miliation ; and hence if the law in the inflic. tive brain to produce. Few can enjoy a Hôtel and the Hôtel du Louvre in Paris ; and tion of its penalties makes no distinctions, it breakfast, however sumptuous, without good everywhere on the Continent may be found simply succeeds in making practically trecoffee; or a dinner, with however many traces of the American example.
mendous differences. If it be a fundamental courses a la Paris, without good bread; and
maxim that all men should suffer alike for amendment in these respects seems so seasi. The commotion excited in England in similar offenses, then, in order that they ble, that we hope the hostly mind will some consequence of the sentence of Colonel may suffer ulike the penalty should be adtime be inspired by it.
Baker is very great. Society seems to be di- justed to the character, rank, and conditions While upon the subject of American ho- vided upon the question-one faction bitter- pertaining to the persons under judgment. An tels, we may as well quote some rather sur-| ly denouncing the sentence of the court as inflexible law is sure to be an unjust law. A prising information about them which the unjustly lenient, the other defending it as law ir.competent to recognize the difference London Daily Telegraph has been giving to fully as severe as the offense and the circum- between a woman reared tenderly, amid erse its readers. The ignorance of this paper stances pertaining to it warranted. The sub- and luxury, and a fierce termagant of the about every thing American is inveterate, ject is one that has brought out no little dis- gutter, or insensible to the difference between and must, we should think, sooner or later cussion on the whole question of the penal a man of breeding and life-long repute and become notorious. We can hardly look to a law as it relates to different classes of so. one hardened to every form of degradation, journal to enlighten Englishmen about this ciety. It will doubtless always be main. such a law is actually very unjust, howcountry which gravely asserts Brooklyn and tained, and with a good deal of reason, that ever much it may carry upon the sui face a Staten Island to be a civic part of the city | legal punishments should be enforced with. seeming equity. How far it may be pracof New York. Its description of our hotel- out distinction of persons. There must be, | ticable to act upon these differences of char. system is quite as wide of the truth. The it is claimed, the same law for the rich and acter and condition, it is not easy to say. In London reader is told that it is the custom the poor. This is fundamentally very true, many kinds of offenses it is certain that it “ to drive the guests, at the sound of a gong, and the truth of the maxim is so generally ac- cannot be done; but, as the law always falls at certain times of the day, and at no others, cepted that in every civilized country capital even at its best with peculiar harshness upon into a common dining-hall, and there allow crimes are equably punished. Whenever that better class who are not babitual crim. them to browse at will in a wilderness of sec- there are any distinctions at all, they pertain inals, who have under some mad temptation ond - rate cookery." There is just enough to minor offenses. Rich peculators soine- sacrificed every thing that had made life truth in this statement to encourage the false times succeed in escaping the penalty of dear, there need be no fear that these unforinference that Englishmen will make from it, their misdeeds, not because the law makes a tunates will cot experience the bitter consethat the meals in our hotels are confined distinction between the rich and the poor quences of their unisdoing to the full. within arbitrary and narrow periods—the thief, but because the peculation has not been fact being, that a range of two or three hours the theft direct, has been adroitly managed A VERY intelligent correspondent of a is given for each meal. If we mistake not, so as to stand beyond the reach of the law. Western paper has been dilating upon the the guests of English hotels are much more In all cases of a graver character where the evidences which be found, on a recent visit restricted ; at most of them it is only at a offenses committed are identically of a like to England, of the power, glory, and great certain precise hour that one can get a dinner nature, the penalty is the same, no matter future, of our mother-land. Among other with “ a hot cut off the joint.” Then, as to who the person is. But there are a few cases subjects, he examined that of the English service, the Telegraph seems to regard the that necessarily involve a question of condi- land-tenure. Going thither with the strong. system of feeing waiters, and chambermaids, tion or of antecedents. The rich and the poor est prejudices against that system, which and porters, and boot-blacks, which prevails forgers suffer alike; but perhaps the rich and * puts great estates in the hands of a few in England, preferable to our fashion of pay- the poor drunkards, or the rich and the poor persons, and divorces the many from any in. ing for service in the lump hotel-charge. Our combatants in an assault, are quite likely to terest in the soil except as tenants and bire. hotels “ discourage the giving of fees to have a different sort of penalty dealt out to lings,” he seems to have made some discov. waiters, the result being that a visitor is them. But this different justice in appearance eries which modified his opinion. The chief mainly compelled, except at meal-times, to may be very far from being different in fuct.
was, that farming in England has come to be wait upon himself." We venture to assert The noisy vagabond who is sent to the peni. not only an industry but a trade. Compathat in our well-conducted hotels guests are tentiary for ten days probably feels no dis- nies and firms have been organized, with the waited upon quite as assiduously as at the grace, and experiences only a little temporary object of leasing large tracts of land, and of best London houses. We supposed, more- inconvenience in the penalty; but to the man cultivating it to the best advantage by the over, that the feeing of waiters was generally of customary sobriety, who in an exceptional aid of the latest appliances and of generous regarded in England is an evil and nuisance convivial hour disturbs the peace, a single outlays for wages and improvement. As far which it was well to get rid of. Certainly night in the station-house is an intense hu- as it goes, the result of this system is to con. the Telegraph, when it has not happened to miliation, a bitter fact likely to stain and vert the peasant into an artisan, and, if be want to turn a contrast unfavorable to Amer. embarrass all his future life. To a man of 80 chooses, also into a stockholder. No one ica, has spoken regretfully of the universal sensibility and refinement a prison is ten can deny that this is a great advance upon bribery of English waiters, and the pecuniary times more formidable than to a man of the old customs of English landlordism; nor competition of guests to secure special atten- coarse instincts and rude habits of life. Ev. is it surprising that these agricultural comtion. That American hotels are not such places ery thing in this world is much or little by panies, when in full operation, get cight or of cheerless vastness, elaborate discomfort, contrast: a mode of life that to a laborer is nine per cent. profit, where the landed profrantic food-bolting, and curiously-devised comfortable and even agreeable, to one of an- prietors have long been, and are to this day, methods of inconveniencing the guests, as other kind of training would be unendurable; content with two or three. But the correthe Telegraph would have its readers believe, the tasks that some find easy, others find in- spondent of whom we speak greatly exag. is evident from the wide-spread imitation of tolerable; the act that with one man is a gerates the extent and influence of agricultthem in Europe. It was the American hotel matter of custom, to another is a bitter hu. ural companies.
After all, there is but a
very small portion of the arable land of Eng- signed for; and he will discover that pedes- to take me out of the death-bed and to put me land which can be so leased; prejudice and trians have no rights which those in posses. I fairly on my feet again, as I have before me
this minute a proposition to make a number jealousy on the part of most landed proprie- sion of the highways are in any way bound to of balloon-ascensions in the interest of scitors will not permit a wide range of such respect. He must make détours around loadoperations. The writer proceeds to argue | ing and unloading trucks; he must pick his
" Your JOURNAL claims to disseminate scithat the commercial system is far better than way amid labyrinths of boxes ; he must dodge ture, and it will but be promoting these ends
ence, civilization, art, refinement, and literait would be to divide up all the land in Eng. beneath drooping awnings and pendent fab- | by allowing me a lease yet a little while longer land equally among heads of families; and rics; he must circumnavigate show - cases over and beyond the sixty-seven winters that so it is. But in the first place, as we have and samples of merchandise; he must per
have frosted my head, if not to fully estab
ligh the two systems above mentioned, to at said, that system can go but little way; and, form bis task with the intense conscious.
least teach my grandson, John Wise the in the second, it is certainly possible to find ness that the highways are in no wise de- younger, how to take up the line of march in some reforms and ameliorations in the arbi- signed for him or his class. He will be per
the science of meteorology, to prove that the
balloon is made for nobler ends than acrobatic trary land-tenure short of adopting the com- plexed a little, no doubt, at the universal ac
performances. munistic programme of an equal division of ceptance of this fact. If he has been abroad, " Very respectfully, property. The great difficulty is, that Eng. he will recollect cities where the highways
" Your friend and fellow-citizen,
“ John WISE." lish land is not permitted to circulate freely, are wholly withdrawn from the uses to which as a marketable commodity. Put English they are given up here, the rights of the trav. land upon the same basis as American land, eler therein having the first and the supreme
Literary and we should hear no more, probably, of consideration, and lie will greatly wonder two peers owning half a county, and the
how it is that in those countries so different To many good people the accusation that Duke of Sutherland riding by rail from dawn
a novel is “sensational ” is about the an idea of the purposes of a highway should !
worst that can be brought against it; but, to dusk over his own domain. The richest prevail from that which obtains in ours.
though our own taste for sensational novels would always have the most land ; but it
is but feebly developed, long experience has would pass gradually from the hands of the
In the JOURNAL of September 4th the au- convinced us that there is a species of story patricians who are content with an income
thor of an article entitled “ High-Flying and more preposterously unnatural than even the of three per cent. from the cultivated farms,
its Dangers” erroneously put to death the sensational, more “weak’nin' to the mind” and who keep large spaces for parks and distinguished aëronaut, Professor Wise. We
than poor poetry, and more prejudicial to litpreserves which yield them no income at all,
erary good morals than the familiar tales of are half inclined to thank our contributor bigamy, murder, and sudden death. Of such, into the hands of enterprising capitalists who for bis mistake, inasmuch as it has been the
Mrs. Newman's “ Jean” (New York: Harper would force the farms into their bighest pro.
means of eliciting the subjoined pleasant & Brothers) is a recent example. Mrs. Newduction, and turn the parks and preserves note from the still living and very hopeful man quite evidently congratulates herself into flowing fields of wheat and rye. To professor:
on not being as other (naughty) novelists are, abolish the old prescriptive laws of primo
and on writing “pure, quiet, liealthful" sto
“ PHILADELPHIA, September 4, 1875. geniture and entail would be a long step
ries, which even Mr. Pecksniff might have " To the Editor of Appletons' Journal.
read aloud in his family circle without bringtoward that free trade in land which is the “Dear Sir: In the present number of your ing a blush to the maidenly cheek of his best possible remedy for existing evils.
JOURNAL you say I'died peacefully in my
daughters; yet, after spending an hour or two homicide. I am not dead nor slecping, but
in following Jean's adventures, we are preOne of our citizens, writing to an evening full of life and vigor, working and living in
pared to accept Miss Braddon's most lurid contemporary in regard to the obstructions the hope of being enabled to prove to the story as plausible, probable, and life-like, in in our streets, innocently asks what our high- world that a system of aërial drifting with the comparison. It is not merely that its plot
balloon, via Gulf Stream air-current, from ways are for. Inasmuch as the inquirer is
is incoherent and absurd, that its coincidences New York to England, is a feasible thing. are too numerous to mention, and that there well known as an old and intelligent citi. Indeed, it is merely a matter of endurance to
is no logical antecedent for any thing that is zen, it is much to be wondered where his foat. That part of the necessity is no longer
said or done by any one of the names that eyes have been all these years.
problematical. We can use copper balloons.
do duty for persons in the story : Mrs. Newour highways for? Why, they are for stacopper sheeting, weighing one pound per
man absolutely insults her readers by the bling unused vehicles, and for the storage of square foot, will have a net lifting power of impudence of her demands upon their creduempty boxes and barrels; they are for the sixty-eight tons when filled with bydrogen lity. Either from poverty of invention or a display of merchandise, and for the congas.
superabundant faith in this credulity, she
“Now, as I hope to live long enough yet does not take the trouble to vary in the venience of sidewalk venders; they are for
to demonstrate this theory in an humble way, slightest degree the circumstances of her telegraph-poles, awning-posts, and shutter- you will be generous enough to resuscitate
heroine's successive disappearances. Three boxes; they are for garbage and ash receptame, pat me on the back, and say encouraging
times Jean runs away from as many differly, 'Go on and try.' As another inducement cles; they are for protruding signs, flaunting
ent bouseholds, and each time it is against to you to keep me alive a little while longer,
ber banners, and dilapidated awnings; they are allow me to tell you that I am diligently en
own inclinations and interest, and for circular-distributors and placard promegaged in laying the foundation of a system of
against the wishes of those she was most naders; they are for fruit and candy stands; weather predictions by which we shall be ena
bound to consider, and brought about each bled to prophesy the weather a year in ad- time by a precisely identical misapprehen. they are for target-excursions and military
We have cycles of weather, as we sion. The culmination of it all is, that threc funerals; they are for everybody who has a have cycles of eclipses. Our planet is subject different advertisements from the said three patent nuisance or an ingenious inconven
to vicissitudes of perturbations and pressures households appear simultaneously in the ience specially designed to intrude upon the from the other planets by conjunctions, oppo
Times, each offering a reward for information sitions, quadratures, and by the interfererce
that will lead to the discovery of Jean, she rights of other people. It is easy enough to of comets, acting upon the elastic shell of our
at the time lying sick of a fever brought on see, for one who goes about and keeps his earth, its atmosphere producing climatic phenomena that fail to be explained by mere ter
by the bardships to wbich she had thus uneyes open, what the streets are for; but in restrial differentiations.
necessarily exposed herself. A parallel perobtaining this knowledge, he is occupying the
" All these considerations toward the evo
formance is that of Maud (to whom is asstreets in the way they are evidently not de. lution and progress of science call upon you signed the wicked business of the story), who
inserts in the Times, first, a fictitious an- themselves. Indeed, Jean won Nugent Orme's | one deal wholly with a distant past; the writnouncement of her own marriage with a cer- love (which should have been given to Maud) | ings of the other begin, indeed, from the distain Nugent Orme, and afterward a fictitious by revealing to him that after reading a cer
tant past, but carry on the tale down to days
in which the historian recorded events in announcement of Jean's death. The first tain philosophical pamphlet four times with
which he had been an actor. The man who is intended for Jean alone, and, of course, the aid of the dictionary, and sitting up till
went out to fight for Greece lived on in the she sees it at once, while no one of the dozen twelve o'clock at night to do it, she had “hit
land which he had helped to free to be at or more persons who could have exposed the the centre-point of the writer's fallacy, when
once her historian and her censor. The other, falsehood happens upon it. The second an- Maud's quick intelligence had failed to find it.” a scholar from his cradie, finished bis one nouncement, on the other hand, is intended As to Nugent Orme, the hero of the story, great work early in life, and was then called for these dozen or more people exclusively, who spends his income in social experiments away to practical life in a post as toilsome and and, of course, they see it immediately on its for the benefit of the laborer—who has "every difficult as any that could be found within the appearance; while Jean, and those of her important question of the day — religious, range of his calling. This marked contrast in friends who might have corrected it, conven- political, and social — represented upon his
the position of the two men leaves its impress
on their writings. It is vain to argue which iently overlook that special issue of the library-table, with all the best opinions for
does his work the better of the two. Each paper. The author's ingenuity, such as it and against it"-who discusses with his be
does it as it was natural that he should do it is, is expended in getting Jean out of one set trothed at balls the " new philosophies as
in the position in which he found himself, and of difficulties immediately to plunge her into they arise," and who is a “skeptic," but not
from the point of vice in which he necessarily another, all of them being destitute of any į an“ infidel"-he is as pretty a prig and as looked on his subject. It is enough to say conceivable reason except to give a cumula- neat a specimen of the woman's ideal man as that, between them, they have told the whole tive impression of Jean's angelic loveliness we have lately encountered.
tale of Greece, and that each has told bis part of character. Spite of all, however, the nu- Most young ladies will be sure to follow
of it as it never was told before him." merous complexities are removed by the one Jean's example in falling in love with him ; solitary sensible act, which is credited to and we are compelled to confess that, in spite London a somewhat extraordinary and, we
ONE Mr. George Vasey has published in Jean during the entire course of the story: of all we have said, “ Jenn" is a story with
should judge, very comical work, entitled the wicked are punished, the virtuous re- which many readers will be greatly pleased.
“The Philosophy of Laughter and Smiling," warded, and the curtain descends to the fa
which the Saturday Review notices as follows: miliar music of wedding-bells.
The fifteenth volume of “ Little Classics” “Mr. Vasey has devoted himself to the study It would be waste of time to analyze the (Boston: J. R. Osgood & Co.) is devoted to of laughter with, as be says, ' all the seriousseveral characters,” which are of a piece “Minor Poems," and contains one hundred ness and gravity becoming a scientific or philwith the plot. Mrs. Newman evidently wished and forty-two pieces. The selection is very
osophical inquiry,' but he has as yet only a
• rough outline of his views to offer. Mr. to create a heroine who should attract by good indeed, and, if the reader regrets the contrast with the typical, worldly-wise young absence of some poetical favorites which
Vasey is of opinion that laughing has become
a confirmed habit of the human race from the lady of ordinary fiction ; and her recipe for he would fain believe are little classics, he
practice of tickling babies, and doubts wheth-, making one is to endow the said heroine with will find himself compensated by others with er children would ever begin to laugh if they every quality which the ordinary young lady which he was, perhaps, not so familiar. As were not stimulated or prompted, but let has not, and to represent her as doing on we have already said, Mr. Johnson's collec- alone, and treated naturally and rationally.' any given occasion the exact opposite of tion of poetry cannot compare, as a whole, He is very severe on parents and purses for what the ordinary young lady would do. with Palgrave's, or Dana's, or Bryant's, or being so foolish as to imagine that the sounds Accordingly, Jean really loves her aunt and several others that might be named ; but it
proceeding from babies under such circumcousins, and actually believes them when is excellent as far as it goes, and the entire
stances are manifestations of pleasure and dethey declare that they love her; when a cer
light. His own view is that they are nothseries, poetical as well as prose, is well worth tain lady, to whom she has just been intro. shelf-room in every family library.
ing more nor less than spasmodic and involun
tary contractions and dilatations of the pecduced, politely expresses the wish to become
toral muscles and the lungs, excited into acbetter acquainted, she opens widely her dark,
Referring to the death of the late Bishop tion by absurd ticklings and stupid monkey liquid eyes, looks wistfully into those of the
Thirlwall, the Saturday Review says : tricks. ... The conclusion is unavoidable, that other, and asks “Why?" when the young name of another great scholar has to be add- the absurd habit of laughing,' which Mr. Vamen pay her compliments and make love to ed, alongside of the names of Finlay and sey also thinks wcomfortable, “is entirely her, she utterly refuses to become self-con- Willis, to the list of those whom death has occasioned by the unnatural and false associascious, and frankly pays them back in kind; taken from us within a year of which little more i tions which have been forced upon us in early when she goes to it ball, she exclaims aloud
than half has as yet passed. It may be that life.' One of the chapters is devoted to the to her aunt, so that all the room can hear,
a generation which has not yet learned to know degrading and vicious consequences of the “Isn't this splendid ? did you ever see any
the name of Finlay has already forgotten the habit of laughing.' Sensible people, Mr. V'a
name of Thirlwall. But those who know what thing so delightful ?" and, when the young
sey holds, rarely laugh, and fools who like writing history really is, and who know the laughing do a great deal of harm by encourmen crowded around for dances, “sbe de
powers which it calls for those who hold that aging folly in others in order to have somelightfully gave them her tablets to fill up as two good books on the same subject are better thing to laugh at. How much better, he thinks, they chose, and when they disagreed among than one, and who do not think that the ap- it would be if people would be content with tbemselves as to who was to have which, pearance of the second makes the former use- smiling, which does not twist the face into frankly informed Edward Lawrence, who ap
less—they will feel that one of the few men at horrible grimaces; and he gives a number of pealed to her, that it did not matter in the
whose feet the learner might sit in the full illustrations to deter his fellow-creatures from least-it was all the same to her.” Of course,
trust that he would never be misled has passed , making frights of themselves by laughing. such freshness and simplicity, after our sur
away from among us. Of three great English On the other hand, there are pictures of the
historians of Greece, three men of whom any 'entreating smile,' the 'confiding smile,' the feit of heroines who are acquainted with the
age and land might have been proud, all now ' mother's sympathetic smile,' the 'infant's ordinary convenances of society, are very charm
have gone, and two have gone within a few smile of delight,' the joyous smile of friending, and it is not surprising that wherever she months of each other. The two men who have, ly recognition,' the supremely affectionate goes she wins the hearts of all except the between them, told in our own tongue the tale smile,' the 'pensive smile' (of a very idiotic wicked. But, in addition to all this, Jean is of Greece, from her earliest to her latest days, character), and so on, which readers of the a "genius," as distinguished from her ac- were in lite far apart from one another in their work can practise with the help of a mirror. complished cousin Maud, who only has “tal
callings and in their places of abode. They We suspect Mr. Vasey will have some diffiThe difference between genius and
were yet farther apart in the motives and cir- | culty in putting dowu laughter, but it might talent, as defined by Mrs. Newman, is that,
cumstances which led them severally to un- perhaps be well if people were more reason-
dertake the task of which each of them so well able in regard to what they laugh at." while Maud could detect the slightest flaw in
are. In the life of eac logic or reasoning from given premises, Jean,
there was a contemplative and a practical The Paris correspondent of the London though weak in logic, had an intuitive per- stage ; but those stages came in reverse order Academy, writing of Mérimée's "Lettres à une ception of the weakness of the premises | in the lives of the two men. The writings of autre Inconnue,” says:
" This new Inconnue
was a Polish lady, who with her sister was one of the stars that glittered at the imperial court: she was, if we are to believe Mérimée, possessed both of beauty and wit, and had the free-and-easy cavalier manner then (1865–1870) regarded as the special mark of the highest breeding. She was the president of a Cour d'Amour, organized by way of pastime by the empress, and composed of ladies of her suite. Mérimée was their secretary, and he carried on the pleasantry wbich had been begun at Fontainebleau or Compiègne by continuing at a distance in his capacity of secretary to keep his fair president au courant of all that is going on around him. The notes he addresses to ber, for they are notes and not letters, are couched in the frivolous and gallant language of the court, and long trains and striped stockings are as fully discussed as politics and literature; but the style throughout is clear and brief, and as free from pretension as it is bright and witty, while the language is precise, nervous, and expressive, and owing to these qualities Mérimée ranks as one of the two or three most distinguished writers of this century. He cannot, either as a novelist, historian, or archæologist, be said to be the first of his age, because by his own choice he was an amateur to the last, and wrote and studied professedly, solely for his own amusement; nevertheless, he is the most marvelous story-teller, and, in his way, a perfect writer. At the same time his le:ters are a valuable record of the moral history of the Second Empire. They reproduce in a wonderful manner the vanity and ignorant levity of the imperial world, as well as the vague dread which was beginning to make itself felt in spite of the efforts made to stifle and dissipate it by the mad pursuit of worldly distractions and pleasure. Written, as the whole volume is, in a light, jesting tone, there is a note of bitter sadness sounding through it, which we cannot but feel to be the unconscious presentiment of coming misfortunes."
L. B. Phillips. Among the articles of special as smooth as velvet, and before its windows interest is the beginning of a paper on An- the range of Mount Washington spreads out toine Joseph Wiertz, the half-mad Belgian ar
bathed in a purple atmosphere like the tint tist, whose collection of paintings at Brussels is of the bloom on a plum. the amazement of all who witness it. It is fairly described in this article as a pictorial pan
The upper floor of this school-house is demonium where rages the perpetual conflict
as rough as its exterior, with wooden desks between good and evil, God and devil, where
piled about it, and its walls are partially coldemons are in mortal combat with angels,
ored by patches of old whitewasb. In this dragons belch out fire in the face of Heaven, odd-looking place George Inness bas establightnings rend rocks asunder,” but mingled lished his summer studio, and here through with which are some of the quaintest fancies many of the summer days he may be found and the most delicious ideals of women ever
at his easel. Many of our readers will recolput on canvas. The American publisher of
lect bis beautiful and peaceful landscapes The Portfolio is J. W. Bouton.
in the neighborhood of Perugia, pictures full The Marquis of Lorne has written, and
of the lovely atmosphere of the Apennines. Macmillan & Co. are to publish, a poem en
These paintings, more than any other landtitled “Guido and Lita: a Tale of the Rivi- scapes, have excited admiration by the richera," founded, it is said, on an incident in one ness of their color and their spacious aërial of the many Saracen inroads which troubled effects. the coast of Provence in the tenth century.. An idea prevails among unobservant peo. The Saturday Review is merciless on Mrs. ple that the sky is everywhere the same. Wood. It thinks that “whatever qualities Than this impression nothing is more untrue, valuable for story-telling Mrs. Henry Wood
for the coarse humidity above salt, boggy may possess, whatever problematical graces time may take from her or bestow, one thing
meadows produces rich color in the clouds
flat-banded in their level forms as the earth is tolerably sure to be left in its integritynamely, the ingrained and ineffaceable vulgar
beneath them, but as coarse in color as the ity or her writing." . It is anxiously asked atmosphere whence they derive their characby some of our contemporaries, “ What is the ter; a dry and hilly country has its own matier with Professor Loweil?" His recent cloud-figures, which “stoop from heaven and gloomy utterances seem to indicato a very de- take the shape” of the general outlines of spondent and hopeless state of mind. The
the land, the atmosphere of which is neither Springfield Republican advises him to read
humid with sea-mists nor possessed of the sildaily the closing lines of Longfellow's " Building of the Ship," and the Christian Union
very and golden purity and light that bathe urges him to tear up his lugubrious satires and
the upland. In the mountain-regions themgive us a strain of hope and courage.
selves the clouds bave a variety of shape vaA book entitled “Leverana," consisting of
rying from small silvery flocks, in bands and reminiscences and anecdotes of the late Charles level cirrus, to the majestic processions of Lever, will be published in November. ... storm and wind clouds. There is, besides, A new book, ertitled “ Nero: an Historical an infinite variety of delicate fringes, wreaths Play,” by W. W. Story, the artist, will appear of mist, and high and low wandering vapors in the autumn. A novel, the scene of which is laid in antediluvian ages, has just and much more varied than those found else
caught in eddies of air, totally different from been completed by M. Elie Berthet. It is en
where. titled “Parisians of the Stone Age," and it is
Each country has its own distinc. to be the first of a series of such romances.
tive sky, so far as we know, and great bodies Mr. J. Hill Burton, the distinguished
of water affect their surroundings equally. historian of Scotland, is engaged on a “His- Italy forms no exception to this rule, but in tory of the Reign of Queen Anne." ... analyzing the peculiarity of a summer sun. Messrs. Chatto & Windus (London) have in set at Florence, or the opaline hues that repreparation two volumes of correspondence of flect themselves in the canals and lagoons of the late B. R. Haydon, abounding in matters
Venice in the end of the day, we could not of interest, and throwing much new light
detect that the atmosphere was deeper from upon his life and character. .. Mr. E. C. Stedman's work on the “ Victorian Poets"
its mistiness, purer in its freedom from smoke will be published simultaneously in England
or fog, more varied or more sparkling, than and America. ... Herr Julius Kostlin, a pro
It was only in the Apennines fessor in the University of Halle, lias just pub- that a glittering yet tender light seemed to lished what is said to be the best life of Lu- surpass any of our skies. Claude has al. ther yet written. In it many of the legends ways been famous as the artist of these wonthat have gathered around the early life of derful and spacious atmospheres, and his the great Reformer are shown to be untrue.
pictures by comparison dim and blur all other paintings into a coarseness like mud. Of late years Mr. Inness has shown this same peculiarity, and when we entered the dingy,
dull little school-room, his summer studio, N
, close beside the dawned upon us. House, its chief hotel, is an old school-house On the easel in the middle of the room, two stories ligh, surmounted by a small which was lighted by the sky above Mount bell-tower. One or two scrubby trees stand Washington, and which itself spread serene in front of the door of this building, hacked and blue across the valley, was a painting and cut with the names of the children who of the mountain and of the mountain skies, attend the school in the winter; and its win- so delicate, so distant, and so full of light dows and wea: her-worn sides are quite dilapi. and space, that we felt that all the pic es dated. This house overlooks the lovely Con- of all the artists had never revealed before way intervales, softly shaded with green turf the best excellence of North Conway. Mr. In
* If it be true," says the London Spectator, that imitation is the sincerest flattery, then Miss Broughton must be quite satisfied with the testimony to her powers which she is constantly receiving. Her style has an air of ease about it which beguiles one into believing that it is easy. Unconventional people who lead unconventional lives of their own, but with elegant surroundings, and with the leisure and locomotion which writers of fiction bestow as easily us immense fortunes upon their protégés, and which are not a bit more like reality; odd talk, untrammeled by the rules of society as by those of grammar, and a combination of vehement passion with tawdry cynicism-such are the components which we usually find in novels of the imitation-Broughton school. In reality, even the defects of Miss Broughton's style are not easy to imitate, and that something which pleases in every thing she writes, which frequently pleases side by side with much that one most dislikes and deplores, is just what nobody can imitate-the spirit, at once subtile and audacious, which sets her stories apart.”
The Portfolio, edited by Mr. Philip Gilbert Hamerton, is an art-publication the merit of which is vert generally recognized. Its illustrations consist of etchings by a process known as photogravure, which for certain classes of subjects is very satisfactory. The etcbings in the August number consist of a sea-study by Turner, which is very striking in character and effect; “Le Chaudronnier," by Legros; and“ Kingston-on-the-Thames,” by